To answer a specific requirement by the Turkish Army FNSS has developed the PARS 4x4, which has however little in common with the other members of the family. (P. Valpolini)
cle which allows the Pars 4x4 to enter water without preparation, the vehicle being powered by two waterjets and having a 350 mm freeboard level. Its combat weight is of 10-12 tonnes, the lower figure being that for amphibious operations, power-to-weight ration being in the 25-30 hp/tonne range. The two front seats host the driver and the commander, three rear seats being staggered providing optimal situational awareness to the crew, also thanks to the ample windscreen. The winch is under armour, while the lower glacis is pretty vertical, which ensure a 54Â° angle of approach. Independent suspensions are double wishbone with hydropneumatic dampers, and together with tires of generous dimensions and the CTIS system ensure maximum mobility and low ground pressure. The vehicle has a 3 tonne payload, and can accept a turret up to one tonne. The section behind the crew is available for installing a mast and radar, for example for an ISTAR application. To this end while two batteries are devoted to the vehicle, one is entirely aimed at on-board systems. Meanwhile FNSS is continuously improving its 6x6 and 8x8 wheeled vehicles, and is now developing the new generation of PARS, the PARS 3. In this project FNSS wants to increase the usage efficiency of the vehicle in terms of higher ballistic protection, higher usable inner volume and payload, low maintenance requirements, better situational awareness while maintaining its extreme mobility capabilities. PARS 3 now utilizes state-of-the-art technologies to redefine its powerpack and driveline, which leads to a robust vehicle design, adaptable for a wide range of versions without changing basic vehicle systems. Thanks to its new suspension system and driveline elements, PARS 3 will be equipped with higher protection elements, while housing higher number of troops without changing the physical signature of the vehicle. Being modular, PARS 3 can be adapted to infantry carrier, mortar, reconnaissance and command missions. Its ride height
system and versatile control system will maintain the mobility skills of the PARS family, while consuming less power and volume. Being a PARS family member sign, PARS 3 engine is located at the rear of commander and driver, enabling the driver and commander to be seated side by side while increasing the situational awareness by providing 180Â°+ periscopic field of view. As for Otokar, the company is promoting its Arma 6x6 and 8x8 vehicles adding new configuration, the last one being the Arma 8x8 CBRN Reconnaissance Vehicle. All companies await the launch of the Turkish Army bid for the special purpose vehicle, which should include some 472 vehicles in four variants. With its Terrex 8x8 now in full service with the Singaporean Army, ST Kinetics has launched at DSEI 2015 the new version of the vehicle, the Terrex 2. The combat weight of the new vehicle is considerably increased, from 24 to 30 tonnes, which means a heavier protection and a higher payload, which climbs up to 9 tonnes. To cope with the weight increase the original Caterpillar C9 providing 450 hp is replaced by the Caterpillar C9.3 that provides 525 hp, coupled to an Allison 4500SP gearbox. Protection against mines and IEDs exploding underbelly is enhanced by a double-V hull, the lower one protecting also the drivetrain. Width is considerably increased, from 2.97 to 3.6 meters, as well as height, from 2.46 to 2.8 meters. The volume increment derives from floating requirements, the Terrex 2 leveraging the development work done on a Terrex derivative that met the US Marine Corps requirements. For this bid STK partnered with SAIC and became one of the two teams downselected for the ACV1.1 by the Corps. The Terrex 2 is fitted with an hydraulically driven propulsion system with full independent thrust control authority that allows safe operation at Sea-State 3 and through six-foot plunging surf, and coupled to the vehicle hydrodynamic design allows to reach a maximum speed of 6 knots. The vehicle maintains the capacity of transporting a crew of
The ARMA 8x8 in the CBRN reconnaissance configuration; Otokar of Turkey is awaiting a new bid by the Turskish Army for specialised wheeled vehicles. (P. Valpolini) EDR - Eurosatory 2016 Supplement
In this special Eurosatory 2016 supplement, Paolo Valpolini discusses both wheeled and tracked armoured vehicles.