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1. (TCO 1) When creating an IPO Model, program designers generally determine _____ last. (Points : 4) 2. (TCO 1) What is a data item with a name and a value that remain the same during the execution of a program? (Points : 4) 3. (TCO 1) What symbol in a flowchart would be used by a developer to represent the beginning or ending point? (Points : 4) 4. (TCO 1) Set is a process. What data type would you expect the variable, name, to have? (Points : 4) 5. (TCO 1) You are designing an algorithm that will use a date of 01202009. What data type would you choose for this date variable? (Points : 4) 6. (TCO 2) What is a tool that developers use to design logic using English-like statements? (Points : 4) 7. (TCO 2) When a program evaluates mathematical expression, which of the following operators (or mathematical operations) has the lowest precedence? (Points : 4) 8. (TCO 2) Which one of the following is not a valid assignment statement in a program? (Points : 4) 9. (TCO 2) Evaluate (2 * 3) ^ 3. (Points : 4) 10. (TCO 2) Review the partial pseudocode below. What is the correct math expression to complete the algorithm and determine 50% of a cost? Prompt “Enter total cost: “ Input cost Set _____ Display “50% of the cost is: “ + total (Points : 4) 11. (TCO 3 & 4) Review the pseudocode below. What will be displayed when this algorithm executes? Set If ((x > 10) AND (x < 20))=""> Display “the IF path executes”
Else Display “the ELSE path executes” EndIf (Points : 4) 12. (TCO 3 & 4) What value gets displayed for the variable X? Set Set Set If (B > 15) OR () OR (C <= 15)=""> Set Else Set EndIf Display X (Points : 4) 13. (TCO 3 & 4) In the following pseudocode, what percentage raise will an employee in Department 5 receive? If department < 3=""> Set Else If department < 5=""> Set Else Set EndIf EndIf (Points : 4) 14. (TCO 3 & 4) Which of the selection structures determines whether the user enters a number between 20 and 45? (Points : 4) 15. (TCO 3 & 4) What value gets displayed for the variable Z? Set Set Set If ((balance <> 800) AND (stateCode<> 6) AND (creditCode<> 7) then Set Else Set EndIf Display Z (Points : 4) 1. (TCO 5) The variable used to create an expression controlling the loop is known as the _____. (Points : 4) 2. (TCO 5) Which of the following statements is false? (Points : 4) 3. (TCO 5) Which loop may not execute the body of the loop at all? (Points : 4) 4. (TCO 5) Repetition that loops a certain number of times is typically referred to as _____. (Points : 4) 5. (TCO 5) How many times will the following loop be executed? 6. (TCO 7) Subscripts or indexes of any array are always declared with what data type? (Points : 4) 7. (TCO 7) What is an array element? (Points : 4)
8. (TCO 7) What is the value of the index used to access the last element in a zero-based array declared as num(12)? (Points : 4) 9. (TCO 7) When processing/manipulating the elements of an array, what control structure is used to move through each element within the array? (Points : 4) 10. (TCO 7) A zero-based array named sales has been declared and loaded with the values 100, 1100, 3400, 5550, 3000, 22300, and 1200. What value will be stored in the array element sales(1)? (Points : 4) 11. (TCO 6) A record contains _____. (Points : 4) 12. (TCO 6) What are the three modes of operation on a file? (Points : 4) 13. (TCO 8) Algorithms that allow users to direct the flow of control are often referred to as _____. (Points : 4) 14. (TCO 9) What type of error occurs when an array subscript’s value goes beyond the total number of elements in the array? (Points : 4) 15. (TCO 2) Which of the following is not an advantage of modular design? (Points : 4) 1. (TCO 10) A retail store is having a customer appreciation sale. Depending on the total dollars purchased, the customer could receive a discount on his or her total purchases. You are to develop pseudocode that will obtain the total dollars purchased from the user, determine the discount percentage, and display the total amount due. When the purchases are more than $100, the discount is 10%. When the purchases are $100 or less, the discount is 5%. (Points : 10) 2. (TCO 10) A small business in your neighborhood would like an application developed that determines the average dollar amount spent for every three purchases. The user will enter three different purchase amounts. You need to display the average to your client. Complete the pseudocode to design your logic. (Points : 10) 3. (TCO 9 & 10) There is a logic error in the following pseudocode. What statement(s) would you need to add to correct the logic? Be sure to explain why you are adding the statements. Set DOWHILE num<=> Set + num ENDO Display total (Points : 10) 4. (TCO 4 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The design is determining the correct sales tax depending on the county identifying code. Counties with a number less than 7 have a 5% sales tax. The 8–24 codes have a sales tax of 7%. Codes above 24 have a sales tax of 9%. The code is entered by the user. Begin Declare Real salesTax Declare _____ countyCode _____ “Enter the county code: “ _____ countyCode If _____ <= 7=""> Set Else If _____ AND _____ then Set Else _____
EndIf _____ Display “the sales tax is: “ + _____ End (Points : 10) 5. (TCO 5 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The design is to display a 60-second counter. The counter needs to begin at 1. Begin Declare _____ count Set REPEAT Display “counter: “ + _____ Set count = _____ + 1 UNTIL count _____ Display “Done!” End (Points : 10) 6. (TCO 4 & 10) Complete the pseudocode by rewriting the algorithm. The colors red, blue, and yellow are known as primary colors because they cannot be made by mixing other colors. When you mix two primary colors, you get a secondary color. Mixing yellow and blue gets you green. Mixing red and blue gets you purple. The algorithm allows the user to enter two primary colors and then displays the resulting secondary color. Begin Declare _____ color1 Declare _____ color2 _____ “Enter first primary color: “ Input _____ Prompt “Enter the second primary color: “ Input _____ If (_____) AND (_____) then Display “secondary color is: purple” EndIf If (_____) AND (_____) then Display “secondary color is: green” _____ End (Points : 10) 7. (TCO 1, 2, 3, & 4) Describe the difference between a flowchart and hierarchy chart and explain whether one is more important to develop than the other. (Points : 10) 8. (TCO 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5) Describe two of the three control structures and how relational and logical operators are used. (Points : 10)
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