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Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter Volume 11, No 1


Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

Speeding Breeding … what progress?

Contents Feature article Speeding breeding..................................... 1 Director’s report............................ 2 Reports Pea resistant to weevils .......................... 3 Chickpea adoption in India ................... 4 BioGENEius students in top ten .......... 5 Legumes for global health....................... 6 Staff news: Heather Clark............................................ 7 Clive in hospital......................................... 7 Passing of Pollock...................................... 8 MarieClaire Castello................................ 8 Sabrina Tschirren....................................... 8 New babies ............................................... 8 Visitors.................................................... 9

French Serradella sets pods by the GAP technique.

Publications for 2010.................... 9

by Janine Croser, Kylie Edwards, Federico Ribalta, Christine Munday, MarieClaire Castello The area sown to legumes in Australia has been steadily decreasing despite the many advantages of including them in the rotation. This is predominantly due to unreliable yield resulting from abiotic and biotic stresses. Pulse Breeding Australia (PBA) legume breeders are continually improving their germplasm and breeding processes but their efforts are hampered by the slow generation turnover, with only two to three generation cycles possible per year. As a general rule, between six and eight generations are required in self-pollinating crops after a cross before fixation of traits is achieved and the genotype can be released as a cultivar. Researchers at CLIMA have been working on the development of two laboratorybased techniques to accelerate generation turnover, homozygosity and thus delivery of improved cultivars to producers in a timely manner. The first of these approaches is doubled

haploidy. Doubled haploidy is the fastest route to homozygosity. A haploid plant is developed in the laboratory from, in this case, the male sperm cell of the plant without fertilisation. The resulting plant has only the male genetic information i.e in the case of chickpea, 1n = 8 chromosomes rather than the usual 2n = 16. Following chemical doubling, this is restored to a 2 n chromosome complement with two identical copies of genetic information leading to a homozygous and truebreeding plant in a single generation. This 'doubled haploid' plant is fully fertile and can be screened for traits of interest, used as a parent in a crossing program or multiplied for direct release as a cultivar. The doubled haploid technique is routinely used to accelerate oilseed and cereal breeding but until 2009 there were no published protocols for confirmed double haploid production in the cool-season legume crops. An intensive research effort by a consortium of researchers from

CLIMA, The French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA, Dijon) and The University of Saskatchewan (CDC, Canada) has resulted in the publication of protocols for chickpea and field pea. This research has demonstrated that a pyramiding of stress treatments is necessary in order to induce haploid development in the pulse crops. Future research will target the adaptation of this approach to lupin and lentil and the extension of the chickpea and field pea protocols to a wide range of genotypes. In the absence of a robust doubled haploid technique, a second approach is to induce flowering and seed set under sterile conditions in the laboratory and then 'rescue' the seed well before maturity, germinate it and return it to culture. We have termed this the ‘Generation Acceleration Protocol’ or GAP technique. The GAP is repeated until the desired generation is achieved and then seed is returned to the breeding program. continued on page 2

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DIRECTOR’S report invited to present on-going pre-breeding research to link with PBA breeders in Adelaide during the PBA meetings that I also attended.

Congratulations to Leah Leong for the birth of her daughter Phoebe and to Clare O’Lone for the birth of Lucas Daniel on 30 April. We welcome Dr Marie Clare Castello who joined CLIMA in March 2010 on Project UWA00121 Improved herbicide tolerance for break crops and Ms Sabrina Tschirren who joined on 1 April 2010 the project on Interspecific hybrids in lupins - Stabilisation and trait transfer to fixed lines for lupin crop improvement.

With the wheat price down on the last two year’s level, the area sown to grain legumes will likely expand this growing season despite the relatively late break in the West. So we are in anticipation of a major year for the legumes.

CLIMA and the University of Western Australia were well represented at the recent International Food Legume Research Conference V at Antalya, Turkey from April 26 to 30, 2010 by Professor Kadambot Siddique, Prof. William Erskine, Emeritus Professor Craig Atkins, Adj. Prof. Karam Singh, Dr Jon Clements, Dr Ping Si, Dr Matthew Nelson, Dr Larisa Prilyuk and Mr. Fede Ribalta. All contributed through poster and paper presentations, chairing sessions, etc. Congratulations are due to Fede Ribalta for winning the prize for the best student poster at IFLRC V. Professor Kadambot Siddique served as the Conference Chair.

Pulse breeding in Australia is dominated by Pulse Breeding Australia (PBA).To increase the integration of pre-breeding at CLIMA with mainstream pulse breeding, CLIMA has links with PBA. CLIMA is an Observer to the PBA Board and a participant to PBA Coordination Group meetings for a further period of 12 months. In March 2010 CLIMA scientist Dr Ping Si was

Regarding new project funding to CLIMA in the last six-month period, the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) is supporting a new project on Rapid Response to a Changing Climate - Biotechnology Tools to Accelerate Homozygosity in Narrow Leafed Lupin & Lentil by Dr Janine Croser for three years from June 1, 2010.

SPEEDING BREEDING … WHAT PROGRESS? The time to flowering is reduced by adding plant growth regulators to the culture medium and by optimising the photoperiod and temperature under which the plant is cultured.

On the student front, Mr Vasanth Kumar was awarded his one-year MSc (Agriculture) in February 2010 based on a thesis entitled Shortening the generation cycle of Australian chickpea and field pea cultivars supervised by Drs Heather Clarke, Janine Croser and myself. Mr Bidhyut Banik submitted his thesis for this first year of a two-year MSc (Genetics and Breeding) course entitled Variation of in vitro methane production in key pasture species in Australia and its link to plant morphological traits with Dr Kioumars Ghamkhar, Dr Zoey Durmic and I as supervisors.

Prof. William Erskine continued from page 1

Kylie Edwards in the growth room.

This technique, when combined with the time savings from truncating the seed maturation process has resulted in protocols that have more than doubled generation turnover in the legumes field pea, bambara groundnut and peanut at INRA. CLIMA researchers have adapted these techniques to achieve in vitro flowering and seed set in a range of species including narrow-leafed lupin, Australian field pea genotypes, and the pasture legumes subclover and French serradella. Future research efforts will focus on improvement of this technique in lupin and adaptation to lentil.This research will be undertaken in close collaboration with the PBA breeding programs and the CDC at the University of Saskatchewan.

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Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

research reports Fast Tracking Pea Weevil Resistance into Field Pea Cultivars through Interspecific Hybridisation and Molecular Markers Development sources have been found in accessions of wild Pisum fulvum.

Field pea seeds infested with pea weevil (left) and uninfested seeds (right). Nader Aryamanesh, Oonagh Byrne, Darryl Hardie,Tanveer Khan, William Erskine and Guijun Yan The pea weevil, Bruchus pisorum, is one of the most intractable pest problems of cultivated pea (Pisum sativum L.) in Europe, the Indian sub-continent, North and South America and Australia. Chemical pesticide application, either as an insecticide spray to the pea crop or fumigation of the

harvested seed, is currently the only available method for pest control, both of which have economic and environmental costs. Despite screening thousands of lines in the primary Pisum gene pool, a heritable pea weevil resistance has yet to be found. However, pea weevil resistance

In this project, we introgressed pea weevil resistance genes into cultivated pea from its wild relative, Pisum fulvum, through interspecific crossing. Resistant interspecific F5 lines were back crossed with cultivated pea and advanced back cross lines showing resistance to pea weevil have been developed. Response of advanced back cross lines and mapping population to pea weevil has been confirmed by a reliable glasshouse bioassay. QTL mapping has been performed on a interspecific segregating population in order to identify QTLs conferring resistance to pea weevil damage. Furthermore, another molecular approach is underway to find specific markers for pea weevil resistance in advanced back cross lines using MFLP markers. This research is funded by ARC linkage project. Mr Yunchao Zeng, a visiting PhD student from China, and Mr Ali Al-Subhi, a visiting staff member from Oman, are currently involved with this project in performing QTL mapping and development of MFLP markers for pea weevil resistance.

CLIMA contributes to the training of Iraqi plant breeders A workshop for Iraqi visitors is being run by the International Centre for Plant Breeding, Education and Research (ICPBER), with the assistance of CLIMA. This assistance is given by some CLIMA members who will give talks at the workshop. Dr Aryamanesh monitoring pea weevil activity during growing season at Medina Field Station.

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Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

research reports Adoption of chickpea drought resistance project in India

Neil Turner discusses chickpeas with improved drought tolerance with Dr Jitendra Kumar, chickpea breeder at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India. Neil C.Turner From 1998 to 2005 CLIMA coordinated an Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)-funded project ‘Traits for yield improvement of chickpea for drought-prone environments of India and Australia’.Winthrop Professor Neil C.Turner was the Overall Coordinator, Winthrop Professor Kadambot Siddique was the Research Leader and Drs Laurent Leport and Jens Berger (CLIMA) were the Research Officers appointed on the project.The project was co-funded by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in New Delhi. Dr Masood Ali, the Director of the Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR) in Kanpur, was the Indian Coordinator. The project had collaborators in all mainland states of Australia and seven locations in India from Karnataka in the south to Haryana, New Delhi and Kanpur in the north. One of the aims of the project was to link physiologists working in Indian institutes with the chickpea breeders working in the same institute. This was achieved by having a breeder and physiologist working together on the project at all centres.The combination was utilised in two ways: (i) to evaluate the phenological, yield components and genotype by environment (G x E) interaction of a set of more than 40 common genotypes at 7 sites in India and 5 sites in Australia, and (ii) to identify

a number of morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics that conferred a yield advantage under terminal drought. Training programs in ‘Agrophysiological techniques for droughtresistance traits’ and ‘Strategies for optimising G x E studies in breeding programs’ were conducted in India.A final aim was to develop breeding populations to test the usefulness of screening methodologies in breeding programs and whether molecular technologies can further improve the efficiency of breeding for drought resistance in chickpea. It is an ACIAR policy to evaluate the adoption of all its large projects three years after their completion. In March 2009, Neil Turner evaluated the adoption of the outcomes of the project in India. At the commencement of the project, physiologists were not working with breeders at their institutions, except at one centre. This component of the project was highly successful with most breeders and physiologists still working together. Even at one centre where both the principal breeder and physiologist have retired, their successors have continued and even extended the collaboration. Further, the Director General of ICAR has been reported as stating publicly that all key breeding nodes will in future have a physiologist as part of the team, funded

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by ICAR. This is already the case in all the key chickpea breeding programs. One of the unexpected benefits of the project was the adoption of lessons learned from the project management.The development of strict protocols for the G x E studies led to good results in these studies, an outcome that was observed by those who are now leading chickpea improvement projects in India and these leaders have adopted strict guidelines and protocols for all studies in their projects. Further, the project led to the release in India of several new cultivars of chickpea with improved drought resistance and more are in the pipeline. Additionally, several physiological techniques have been adopted to routinely screen for drought resistance in breeding programs at a number of centres and G x E analysis is part of the routine methodology used to identify superior genotypes for local or national release. The project led to several joint publications, encouraged participants to publish in international rather than national journals and has led to a major book on ‘Chickpea Breeding and Management’, edited by one of the Indian project scientists and published by CAB International. The long-term benefit of the project will be Indian scientists trained in not only scientific techniques, but in project management, critical data analysis and the provision of leadership for the next generation of scientists.While the adoption study focussed on the benefits to the overseas partner,Australia also benefitted from the project by the introduction of new chickpea germplasm, coordination of research across Australia and the exposure of Australian scientists to their counterparts in India. A full report on the adoption of the project is available: Turner, N.C . 2009. Traits for yield improvement of chickpea for droughtprone environments of India and Australia (CIM/1996/007). In: “Adoption of ACIAR Project Outpu ts: Studies of Projects Completed in 2004-2005” (Pearce, D., and Templeton, D. (eds.). pp. 41-48. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra.



Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

reports CLIMA-Mentored BioGENEius Students in the Top Ten

accessions will now be included as elite parents in breeding efforts. Stephanie’s research was mentored by CLIMA’s Dr Kioumars Ghamkhar and Dr Zoey Durmic from School of Animal Biology. Dr Susan Barker, CLIMA and School of Plant Biology, and Prof. William Erskine, CLIMA Director, also streamlined the success of the project. Stephanie worked with 14 mainstream pasture species in Australia. Stephanie characterised two replications of the 14 species both in morphology and enteric fermentation gas in vitro measurements. The latter trait was measured in a system that mimicked sheep’s rumen.

Photo L-R:WAs Chief Scientist Prof. Lyn Beazley, Ms Emily Phillimore and the Hon Helen Morton, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Commerce; Science and Innovation. Janine Croser CLIMA-mentored students Emily Phillimore and Stephanie Murphy were semifinalists in the prestigious Sanofi-Aventis International BioGENEius Challenge of Western Australia, coordinated by the WA Department of Commerce. The BioGENEius Challenge provides an opportunity for motivated and talented high school students to undertake outstanding research in the field of biotechnology. Participants work with a professional scientist who mentors them through the development of a biotechnology research project. Emily’s project ‘Fuelling our Future – unlocking the potential of an ancient oil crop – Camelina sativa’ was jointly mentored by Dr Janine Croser from CLIMA and Dr Kathy Heel from the

Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis. Ms Margaret Campbell, CLIMA, also provided expertise on the fatty acid analysis. Emily worked with Camelina sativa, which has been identified by the alternative oilseed program at CLIMA as having promise under Australian agronomic conditions. Emily characterised a subset of 30 accessions from the CLIMA germplasm collection, largely sourced from Russia and the Ukraine by the N.I.Vavilov Centre. Emily’s research determined, for the first time, the genome size of the species and variability for key biochemical, morphological and agronomic traits. Emily identified accessions with very high levels of Omega-3 fatty acid and others with profiles suited to use as a biofuel. These

Stephanie’s research determined pasture species with the highest and lowest methanogenic potential in sheep rumen and the link between this trait and morphological traits. These links will be targeted in future breeding programs. The Challenge was judged by highprofile science and industry leaders Dr Robin Warren (Nobel Laureate), Mr Alan Brien (CEO Scitech), Dr Kristen Nowak (WAIMR; WA Science and Innovation Council) and Ms Vanessa Guthrie (Vice President Sustainable Development, Woodside). A research project report, laboratory journal and scientific poster were used to determine the ten state semi-finalists from a field of 19. Emily was chosen as one of two WA Regional Finalists after semi-final judging and will travel to Chicago in May 2010 to attend ‘Bio 2010’ and compete against students from USA and Canada for the title of Sanofi-Aventis International BioGENEius.

CLIMA seminar series The CLIMA seminar series continues on a monthly basis. Please contact Janine Croser to suggest topics and speakers. In particular, we value the earliest possible advice of seminars offered by visitors. Volume 11


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Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

conference report Legumes for Global Health – international conference on grain legumes Nader Aryamanesh and Ping Si A joint conference of the 5th International Food Legumes Research Conference (IFLRC V) and the 7th European Conference on Grain Legumes (AEP VII) was held in Antalya,Turkey in 26-30 April 2010. This conference was run by Akdeniz University, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and Turkish private sector, under the auspices of international steering committee of IFLRC and AEP with Winthrop Professor Kadambot Siddique as the conference chairman. It was the first time to have these two conferences held jointly and hence brought the people working on legumes together from different parts of the world, from Europe to Asia and Africa, from North to South America, despite the volcanic ash floating in the European sky. The conference covered all major grain legumes: chickpea, lentil, field pea, lupin, faba bean, common bean, cow pea, pigeonpea, grass pea and other grain and feed legumes. It provided an opportunity to all participants to interact, share knowledge and experience, and in developing mutual collaboration and joint programs. CLIMA was well presented at the conference with Professor Willie Erskine, Drs Jon Clements, Ping Si, Nader Aryamanesh, Larissa Prilyuk and Mr Federico Ribalta all contributed to the conference. Dr Ping Si presented orally her research on improving herbicide tolerance in grain legumes, which generated much discussion and evoked interests from a few overseas institutions that want to collaborate to breed for herbicide tolerant legumes. Mr Marcal Gusmao (PhD student of the School of Plant Biology) presented orally his research on adaptation mechanisms of grass pea to drought and was well received. Mr Federico Ribalta got the science and art right and his poster titled “doubled haploid production in field pea via anther culture” won the best poster prize among young scientists. The conference consisted of 14 sessions and they were: (i) The

Fede Ribalta in front of his winning poster at the conference. future of grain legumes, (ii) Grain legumes and interaction with environment, (iii) Seed biology and germination, (iv) Human health and grain legumes, (v) Biofortification of grain legumes, (vi) New uses of grain legumes in feeds, (vii) Management of genetic resources, (viii) Innovation in genetics, (ix) New demands for foods, (x) The position of legumes in agro–energy and non–food use, (xi) Innovations in crop protection, (xii) Communicating the benefits of legumes, (xiii) Adapting grain legumes to climatic changes, (xiv) Innovations in agronomy. The conference was organised very well specially with a memorable Turkish night. The next International Food Legumes Research Conference will be held in 2015 in Canada.

Upcoming workshops and conferences 28 June 2010 A Lupin Forum organised by Lupin Society Inc to be held at Curtin University. All are welcome. Please RSVP to Kedar Adhikari on 9368 3528 or by 23 June. 2nd to 8th July 2010 Vth International Congress on Legume Genetics and Genomics to be held at Asilomar Conference Grounds in California 6th to 10th June 2011 13th International Lupin Conference to be held at Poznan, Poland.

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Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

staff news

Heather Clarke legume scientist leaves CLIMA to The University of Notre Dame, Research Office Jon Clements and Kioumars Ghamkhar Dr Heather Clarke, researcher at CLIMA, The University of Western Australia finished a period of highly productive service to move to a position in the Research Office, Academic Services at T h e U n i ve r s i t y o f N o t re D a m e , Fremantle. Heather will be missed by many at CLIMA and FNAS where she has spent a combined 18 years working in areas including plant physiology, wide hybridization, tissue culture, pre-breeding and molecular markers. Heather migrated from Ireland during the 1980’s and completed a PhD at Murdoch University under the supervision of Professor Jenny McComb where she was researching brown seaweeds (Ecklonia sp.) including aspects of tissue culture propagation, carbon source, light and nutrition.After working for a short period at Murdoch University as a Research Officer and Undergraduate Tutor she then moved to UWA School of Plant Biology to take up a Senior Research Officer position where she began her long involvement with chickpea crop improvement in collaboration with Dr Tanveer Khan, Dr Ralph Segeley, Professors Noel Thurling and Kadambot Siddique. She focused on cold tolerance and insect resistance and she developed a novel method using pollen selection to breed for cold tolerance at flowering and pod set – an aspect of major importance to the development of chickpea for winter growing conditions in southern Australia. This work highlighted the need for evaluating the wider gene pool in chickpea and Heather then participated in diversity studies of chickpea and its wild relatives characterized by AFLPs. A logical next phase of her work led her to developing embryo rescue methods to hybridise between chickpea and its wild

Dr Heather Clarke researching chickpea during her career at CLIMA relatives, with the aim of introgressing valuable traits such as disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance. This work was in conjunction with a number of UWA researchers and other organizations such as the Department of Agriculture and Food and CSIRO. Heather’s research had many national and international linkages, which provided her with the opportunity to travel to countries such as India, Syria and Europe. A chickpea breeding project has seen her chilling tolerance methodology being adopted as part of the breeding program taking place in India and Australia. Heather has had a long interest in Australian native plants and this led to her developing a preliminary project to examine native grain legume species for potential use in agriculture. She published a broad range of quality journal papers, book chapters and other articles and organized or contributed to a number of conferences and workshops. Heather’s service has not been limited to her research. She was always willing to help people in her capacity as enthusiastic scientist with aspects of other peoples work. She has played an important role in student activities, lectures, tutorials, mentoring, undergraduate and post-graduate supervision, safety, staff development, publication audits,

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UWA Expo and National Science week participation to name a few. One important activity for which she is remembered well is her ability to get people away from their desks for a tea or lunch break, up at the Guild, across at the river or at other selected culinary providers, anywhere, as long as the coffee was good. We wish Heather very well in her new career at Notre Dame. She still keeps connected with us however as a UWA adjunct Research Fellow so we are glad to think we have an on-going association in the future.

Professor Clive Francis in hospital Margaret Campbell Professor Clive Francis, co-founder and long serving Deputy Director of CLIMA, has been halted in his endeavours by a neurological, degenerative condition. Most obviously, over the past year, his balance has been affected and he has suffered a number of falls as a direct result. After a few weeks in Joondalup Hospital, he is currently in a nursing home near to his family. For any further information, please contact Margaret Campbell, email: mcc@cyllene.uwa. .



Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

staff news (continued)

The Passing of Pollock Greg Madson (CLIMA receptionist) Pollock was an import; born, puppy raised and initially trained in Victoria, but spent nearly his entire working life here at the University of Western Australia. Each weekday morning, mostly in the dark of predawn, Pollock would guide me through the streets of Nedlands down to UWA, and the workday at CLIMA. Pollock’s working career at CLIMA spanned the years 2001 through to September 2009, at which time he retired. After 6 months of blissful retirement in late February this year a trip to the vet brought about the discovery of inoperable cancer in Pollock’s front leg. I had to make the uneasy decision to have Pollock put to sleep. Pollock’s working life at UWA I can only imagine was a bit of a dream for him –

trees everywhere, hob knobbing with Vice Chancellors, Deans, Ministers, Governor’s General, Professors, researchers, a Prime Minister and even a face-to-face meeting with the Prince of Wales. He was at ease with everyone. Pollock loved to guide through the lush greenery of the UWA campus at Crawley; and as he lived and loved it so much when an opportunity to sprinkle Pollock’s ashes in the new landscaping in front of the CRC wing arose, I decided that would make a fitting resting place for a faithful friend. On an early March morning a small gathering of UWA, CLIMA, FFICRC and FNAS staff and friends paid our last respects to a much-loved colleague and mentor. Pollock will now be forever part of this university.

welcome back

Guide Dog Pollock March 1996 – February 2010

BABY news This is my second stint at CLIMA, I am presently working with A/Professor Ping Si on herbicide tolerance in grain legumes. I hope to gain valuable grain legume experience working here as well as share with my fellow researchers the experience I have gained over my working career.

Congratulations to Clare O’Lone and Leah Leong for the birth of their child. Mothers and babies are doing well.

Lucas Daniel Lucas Daniel, the third son of Clare O’Lone, born on 30 April, weighing at 3.8 kg. Clare enjoys the chaos of a large and happy family.

MarieClaire Castello I am Dr MarieClaire Castello. I have completed my Masters of Science in LifeSciences Biotechnology and a Doctorate in Botany researching on invitro propagation techniques of Bixa orellana – an orange red food color producing plant. I am no stranger to CLIMA as I have been working with A/Professor Janine Croser in developing generation acceleration protocols for pasture legumes such as French seradella and Sub clover as well as anther culture of French seradella and Tedera since April 2008.

Phebe Leong, the first child of Leah Leong, born on 16 May, weighing at 7 lb. Leah is well looked after by her parents and her in-laws.

Sabrina Tschirren I started my career in CLIMA working on interspecific hybridisation in chickpeas with Dr Heather Clark. Two years later I went to the Western Australian Department of Agriculture and Food for three months. Now I have returned to CLIMA working with lupins interspecific hybridization with Dr Jon Clements.

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Phoebe Leong with proud parents.



Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture Newsletter

visitors Name of visitor


Institution/ Country

Dr Jeremy Burdon


CSIRO, Australia

Purpose of visit

Name of host

Dr Colin Piggin

1/2/2010 to 2/2/2010


Discussions on legumes, plant breeding and Seeds of Life project

Prof. Willie Erskine

Dr Fabio Fiorani


Crop Design NV-BASF Plant Sciences

Discussion on TraitMill approach to crop improvement

Prof. Willie Erskine

Profs. Lai Weihua and Guo Peiguo


Guangzhou University, China

Introduction to CLIMA, drought screening and ICPBER

Profs. Erskine, Turner and Dr Ping Si

Dr Shahal Abbo

28/6/2010 to 2/7/2010

Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot

Speaker at workshop

Profs. Erskine and Turner.

Prof. Willie Erskine

CLIMA PUBLICATIONS 2010 Bramley, H.,Turner, N.C.,Turner, D.W. and Tyerman, S.D. (2010) The contrasting influence of short-term hypoxia on the hydraulic properties of cells and roots of wheat and lupin. Functional Plant Biology 37, 183-193.

Nelson, M.N., Berger, J.D. and Erskine,W. (2010) Flowering time control in annual legumes: prospects in a changing global climate. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 5, 017, 1-14.

Erskine, W., Sarker, A. and Ashraf, M. (2010) Reconstructing an ancient bottleneck of the movement of the lentil into South Asia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution (In press).

Sarker, A., Singh, M., Rajaram, S. and Erskine, W. (2010) Adaptation of Small-seeded Mediterranean Red Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus subsp. culinaris) to Diverse Environments. Crop Science (In press).

Ghamkhar, K.,Aryamanesh, N. Croser, J.S. Campbell, M.C., Francis, C.M. (2010) Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) is a viable alternative oilseed: combination of molecular and ecogeographic analyses. Genome (in press)

Thakur, P., Kumar, S., Malik, J.A., Berger, J.D. and Nayyar, H. (2010) Cold stress effects on reproductive development in grain crops: An overview. Environmental and Experimental Botany 67, 429-443.

Maling, T., Diggle, A.J., Thackray, D.J., Siddique, K.H.M. and Jones, R.A.C. (2010) An epidemiological model for externally acquired vector-borne viruses applied to Beet western yellows virus in Brassica napus crops in a Mediterranean-type environment. Crop & Pasture Science 61, 132-144.

Zhang H., Turner, N.C., Simpson, N. and Poole, M.L. (2010) Growing-season rainfall, ear number and the waterlimited potential yield of wheat in south-western Australia. Crop & Pasture Science 61, 296-303.

newsletter creDits

Volume 11, Number 1, June 2010


Assistant Editor Ms Sarah Mawson

CLIMA M080 Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences The University of Western Australia 35 Stirling Highway CRAWLEY WA 6009

Contributing authors Dr Nader Aryamanesh Dr MarieClaire Castello Ms Margaret Campbell Dr Jon Clements Dr Janine Croser Prof. William Erskine Dr Kioumars Ghamkhar Mr Greg Mason Dr Ping Si Ms Sabrina Tschirren Prof Neil Turner

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While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this newsletter, the Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA) cannot accept any responsibility for the consequences of the use of this information. The Newsletter provides you with a brief explanation of research and other activities in progress and is a guide only.


June 2010


Beanstalk June 2010