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Dinosaurs! 2013 WHAT WILL YOU DIG UP?


Summer 2013


Z Volume 16, Issue 2, Summer 2013 Editor: Mary McMillan Design: Nesnadny + Schwartz Contributing Photographers: Roger Mastroianni, Dale McDonald Cleveland Zoological Society Chairman: Robert J. Rogers President: Virginia D. Benjamin Executive Director: Elizabeth T. Fowler Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Executive Director: Chris Kuhar Ph.D. Z is published by the Cleveland Zoological Society for members and friends. An annual subscription is included in every membership. Family memberships, which offer free admission to Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, are available at $75 and $95 annually.

Dear Friends, Do you have a favorite animal at the Zoo? Or a special place to enjoy with family and friends? We wish you many exciting adventures, discovering what’s new and how you can make a difference for animals everywhere. This summer, changes big and small at your Zoo include enhancements in animal habitats and diets; upgrades in veterinary equipment; exciting new educational programs and shows; and the return of Dinosaurs! presented by Dollar Bank. Have you ever wanted to ride a tiger? How about a zebra or a shark? Be sure to check out our plans for the Circle of Wildlife Carousel and Nature Discovery Zone, opening in 2014. The best zoos are taking action for endangered species. Quarters for Conservation, now in its second year here, is designed to raise both awareness and additional funds for wildlife conservation. Your small change can make a big difference for great apes and lions as well as local wildlife. We invite your participation in all of the above … and there is more on the horizon! With nearly 200 acres, 2,500 animals and 1.2 million annual visitors, the Zoo is proud to be part of the Emerald Necklace. Rated one of Northeast Ohio’s greatest achievements, Cleveland Metroparks has a significant impact on our community’s quality of life. A levy, which funds the entire Cleveland Metroparks system, will come before voters this fall. Know what is at stake with the Cleveland Metroparks levy, which not only funds 63% of the Zoo’s annual budget, but also makes possible an excellent, affordable park system for all to enjoy. See you at the Zoo!

Correspondence and address changes: 3900 Wildlife Way, Cleveland, OH 44109. ©2013 Cleveland Zoological Society How to Reach Us General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (216) 661.6500 Extensions: Zoo Society Executive Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3342 Zoo Executive Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3335 Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4421 ZooKeepers’ Circle Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4440 Adopt an Animal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4440 Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3325 Corporate and Foundation Giving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4420 Education Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3391 Facility Rentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3389 Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3338 Visitor Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3344 Volunteer/Docent Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4494 Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-mail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (216) 661.7764 Gift Shop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (216) 661.7603 Catering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (216) 398.5750 Cleveland Metroparks System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (216) 351.6300 FIND US ON

Zoo Hours & Rates Open daily, 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Members: free admission General Public: $12.25 adults; $8.25 juniors (ages 2–11); children under 2 are free. From Memorial Day to Labor Day, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo and The RainForest are open weekdays 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturday, Sunday and holidays from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

Free days: Mondays, residents of Cuyahoga County and Hinckley Township; Zoo only


Connecting People with Wildlife Cover photo courtesy of Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, above photo by Thom Sheridan

This publication was printed at an FSC®-certified printer (Certification No. SW-COC-002546). The FSC Logo identifies products that contain wood from well-managed forests certified in accordance with the rules of the Forest Stewardship Council™. Soy-based inks; elemental chlorine free, acid-free, recycled and recyclable papers were employed throughout this publication.

zfeatures 4

  What’s Zoo?  The latest in Zoo news

6 8


 One hump? or two?

  Zoo Calendar  July through October 2013


   Dinosaurs! 2013  What will you dig up?


   Wag your tail Dinosaur photo courtesy of Dale McDonald, Conservation dog courtesy of Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Kangaroos by Roger Mastroianni

 For wildlife conservation


mandrill are listed as vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.

from late afternoon to early morning and resting during the day. One thing a kangaroo can’t do – move backwards! Come visit all the mob-sters in Australian Adventure.


All Grown Up and Ready to Go

All macropods are marsupials but not all marsupials are macropods – bet you didn’t know that! Marsupial refers to a family of animals, such as opposums, koalas and sugar-gliders, that raise their young in pouches. Add in the distinction of being a macropod and you come to kangaroos, wallabies and wallaroos – marsupials with very large (macro) feet (pod). The Zoo is home to several groups of macropods (known as mobs) and their numbers are always growing with the yearly addition of youngsters known as joeys. A kangaroo’s or wallaby’s enlarged hindquarters are powerfully muscled, and their tapered tail acts as a balance and rudder when leaping, and as a third leg when sitting. They are primarily crepuscular or nocturnal, feeding


Blue in the Face

The Zoo welcomed a colorful new personality to the Primate, Cat & Aquatics Building this summer with the addition of a male mandrill, the world’s largest species of monkey, to the Zoo’s existing group of two females and one male. Native to the western coast of Africa, mandrill are shy, reclusive primates that live only in the rain forests of equatorial Africa. Male mandrill are the most colorful primate, with an olive green or dark gray pelage (complete fur or body coat) and an elongated muzzle with distinctive red stripe down the middle and protruding blue ridges on the sides. They also have red nostrils and lips, a yellow beard and a brightly hued rump. The Zoo’s new male is only four years old and has not developed the full coloration of a mature male. Threatened by bushmeat hunting and habitat destruction, Z4

What happens when you take two grizzly bear cubs and then add two more? Double the fun! In late 2011, the Zoo welcomed Cody and Cooper, brother bear cubs from Montana. A few weeks later, the Zoo welcomed another pair of cubs, Jackson and Cheyenne, from Wyoming. “Taking on the second pair of cubs was done in cooperation with the Akron Zoo,” said General Curator Andi Kornak. “Akron’s new bear exhibit was scheduled to open in 2013, so we agreed to hold the cubs until then.” Zoo guests have enjoyed watching the four cubs grow, but now it is time for Jackson and Cheyenne to move on down the road, literally. “ We worked with Akron to make sure we made the best decisions for the cubs,” said Kornak, “and keeping the two pairs of siblings together became the obvious choice.” Grizzly bears, a subspecies of brown bear, are generally solitary animals in the wild, unless a mother is caring for cubs, in which case the cubs will stay with the mother for up to three years.

Mandrill by Andre Mueller, Sulpher Springs Reservation by Jennifer Stone, Bin by Mike Flippo, Phonebooks by tarczas, other photos courtesy of Roger Mastroianni


Cleveland Metroparks Zoo

The members, visitors and fans of Cleveland Metroparks Zoo know what a great place the Zoo is to visit for affordable family fun and memories that last a lifetime. Memories made at the Zoo are only a part of the benef it Cuyahoga County residents enjoy thanks to the almost 100-year history of the Emerald Necklace circling the county. The oldest park district in Ohio, the Cleveland Metroparks was born in 1917, the initiative of a young, self-taught engineer, William Stinchcomb. His idea of an outer chain of parks anticipated the future need for open space at a time when Cuyahoga County outside of Cleveland was still largely rural. Today, nearly 100 years later, Cleveland Metroparks, Cleveland’s Emerald Necklace, provides open space of natural beauty and diversity for the people of Greater Cleveland, as well as conserving and preserving the area’s natural valleys. The Park District is dedicated to conservation, education and recreation and offers an array of facilities and opportunities. Cleveland Metroparks consists of more than 22,000 acres of land in 18 reservations, more than 100 miles of parkways, and Cleveland Metroparks Zoo.

including the Zoo. Books can be dropped off seven days a week during regular park hours, during June, July, August and September ONLY. Books must be removed from the plastic bags. This campaign is sponsored by the Cuyahoga County Solid Waste District in cooperation with Cleveland Metroparks, The Plain Dealer, and AT&T.

Seasonal Recycling

It’s that most exciting time of year - the new phone books are coming! Make sure your old phone book is recycled by taking part in the Cuyahoga County Solid Waste District’s 19th annual Phone Book Recycling Campaign, June 1 through September 30, 2013. Individuals and businesses can recycle outdated phone books at 12 Cleveland Metroparks locations, Z5


how How now brown giraffe

While they may not look anything alike on the outside, giraffe and cattle have some important similarities on the inside. Both species are ruminants – mammals that have four-chambered stomachs. In contrast, humans and other non-ruminants have a single chambered stomach. Ruminants digest plant-based food by softening it in the first compartment , or rumen, of the stomach, then regurgitating the semi-digested mass, known as cud, and chewing it again.

In the wild, giraffe feed high in the treetops, showing a preference for the topmost twigs of trees in the acacia, commiphora and terminalia families. In zoos, traditional giraffe diets, consisting primarily of a pelleted concentrate (often fed twice daily) and alfalfa hay, vary dramatically from the wild diets. Zoo researchers are investigating the role of diet in some health issues seen in giraffe. While research is ongoing, Zoo staff are actively working to provide a diet that better reflects what giraffe eat in the wild, including as much fresh browse as possible.

Kim Conrad Annual Fund Manager

Wild giraffe often spend more than half their day browsing. In ruminants, time spent chewing is often an indicator of digestive health because chewing stimulates saliva secretion and saliva is an important part of a ruminant’s digestive process. Zoo giraffe do not spend as much time chewing and their higher-starch, more concentrated diets may produce an acidic imbalance in the rumen, potentially adversely affecting food consumption. Researchers at your Zoo are working in cooperation with zoos across the country to develop a better understanding of how dietary variety can help keep our giraffe healthy. Supplemental plants – or browse – provide nutrients, stimulate natural feeding behaviors and add important fiber, a much needed ingredient to keep the rumen happy. The Zoo’s new onsite browse garden — once mature — will provide animal enrichment and fresh dietary items, while helping the Zoo manage food costs and procure more food locally.

PS – If you would like to watch the animals munching behind-the-scenes, you may want to consider joining the ZooKeepers’ Circle. This circle of friends loves wildlife and understands the importance a first-class Zoo plays in our region. Our 2013 tours offer some amazing options - from exploring Australian Adventure to getting up close and personal with our crash of rhinos. Treat yourself to something special this year and help the Zoo while you’re at it! Z6

Photos courtesy of Roger Mastroianni

It takes a lot to keep Zoo residents active and healthy and you can help. Our exotic dinner guests thrive on fresh, healthy local food grown to meet their needs — naturally! Please give generously to We Care for Animals. Our goal is to raise $100,000 for the Zoo’s green grocery bill. Gifts of all sizes are welcome, deeply appreciated and 100% tax deductible.

ZOO EDUCATION and WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT In 2012, the Cleveland Zoological Society and Cleveland Metroparks Zoo launched the Zoo Education & Workforce Development initiative. With a focus on scholarships, transportation vouchers and innovative programs, the initiative has achieved a number of important milestones during the last 20 months, including the addition of Nurture the Wonder, a program for preschool students and their teachers, funded by PNC’s Grow Up Great program; the launch of the Zoo’s Online Resource Library, funded by The Nord Family Foundation; and the development of the Collaborative Inquiry Project, a new program for seventh grade students in the Lorain City Schools, funded by Nordson Corporation Foundation . These successes began with inspired board leadership and a $100,000 challenge grant from Eaton Corporation. This April, the Zoo and Zoo Society announced another important achievement for the Zoo Education & Workforce Development initiative, in the form of a pledge of $300,000 from KeyBank Foundation. This grant will help the Zoo expand its existing partnership with the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD) and establish and implement a comprehensive continuum of learning opportunities for students in the school district’s STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) schools. “Introducing children to scientific inquiry is incredibly important. Scientific inquiry is a foundation for workforce skills that are transferable across a myriad of industries and careers” said Zoo Executive Director, Christopher Kuhar, Ph.D. “Inquiry helps students ask questions, gather information, collaborate with others and find answers. It is all about critical thinking and problem solving.” Virginia “GiGi” Benjamin, President of the Zoo Society, added: “We’re grateful to KeyBank Foundation for taking a leadership role in supporting STEM education in our community. The Zoo is an outstanding resource for our region and with KeyBank Foundation’s support, we look forward to helping Cleveland children and our entire region thrive.”

With this grant, the KeyBank Foundation enhances its existing investment in STEM education and CMSD. “By adding the Zoo to our growing list of STEM partner organizations, including Cleveland State University and the Great Lakes Science Center, KeyBank Foundation is expanding and strengthening its contribution to the future success of STEM students,” said Foundation chair Margot James Copeland. From opportunities for preschoolers to the Master’s Program in Advanced Inquiry (AIP), the Zoo’s Conservation Education department offers a continuum of programs that support science learning and help create a competent, competitive workforce. The Zoo’s programs are designed to enhance critical thinking skills through an approach that encourages observation, data collection and collaborative discussion to solve problems using empirical evidence. This approach helps students develop knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts, as well as an understanding of how scientists study the natural world. As the Zoo and Zoo Society strive to make lifelong learning opportunities readily available to all, we are keenly aware of the need to: • Prepare people of all ages to compete in an increasingly global job market; • Bridge the gap in classroom learning for science and technology; and • Provide access for all, regardless of means, through free programming and scholarships. Educating our region’s children is an important goal for all of us. Ensuring they are well prepared to compete in the global marketplace strengthens our region. Encourage your child’s school to consider adding Zoo education programs and field experiences to their curriculum. All Zoo education programs are aligned with State of Ohio academic content standards. To learn more about Cleveland Metroparks Zoo’s award-winning education programs, visit Brendan Reynolds Corporate & Foundation Giving Manager Z7

One hump or two? Mary McMillan Director of Finance & Operations


actrian or dromedary? Here’s an easy way to remember – a Bactrian camel’s humps looks like a “B” and a dromedary’s looks like a “D.” During the summer, your Zoo is home to both Bactrian camels and dromedaries. Let’s take a look and see how these two species can be similar and different at the same time. Z8

There are actually six species in the camel family: Bactrian camels, dromedaries, guanacos, llamas, vicunas and alpacas. Bactrian camels are native to the steppes of Asia; dromedaries, also known as Arabian camels, are native to the Middle East. The other four species are all native to South America. Collectively known as “camelids,” these animals have long, triangular faces with a split upper lip, long eyelashes, and sealable nostrils (to keep out sand and dust). Camelids have broad, tough two-toed feet with an undivided sole, allowing the foot to spread widely making it easier to walk on sand. There are several other scientific distinctions that make a camel a camel, but the most obvious feature, at least for the Bactrians and dromedaries, is their hump. Legend says that camels store water in their humps, but in reality humps are made to store fat. When food is plentiful, camels eat enough to build up their humps so that, during leaner times, the fat reserves in the hump may be drawn upon for energy. The “humps made of water” legends may have come about because both dromedaries and Bactrian camels are well adapted for their arid native landscapes. Both species rarely sweat, allowing them to conserve fluids. In cooler seasons, the water in plants can provide enough moisture to sustain a camel without water for several weeks. When camels do get a chance to refill, they can drink several dozen gallons of water all at once.

Photos courtesy of Roger Mastroianni and Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, illustrations by Hein Nouwens.

The dromedary (or Arabian camel) was probably domesticated more than 3,500 years ago. Dromedaries are used as beasts of burden, their hair is a highly regarded source material for woven goods and their dung is used as fertilizer and fuel. A dromedary’s diet is adapted to its desert home and includes foliage and desert vegetation, like thorny plants, which their extremely tough mouths allow them to eat. They are active in the day and rest together in groups, known as a caravan or a flock, overnight. So why, if dromedaries are native to the Middle East, is the Zoo’s camel ride in Australian Adventure? During European colonization of Australia during the 19th century, thousands of dromedaries were imported to Australia for use in the dry, hot outback in place of horses and oxen which could not survive the conditions. Today, more than a million wild descendants of these imports still survive. Here in Cleveland, brothers Barry and Jeff Lyle have brought their dromedaries from Missouri to staff the camel rides every summer since Australian Adventure opened in 2000. By incorporating the camel ride into Australian Adventure, the Zoo is able to interpret the impact of both man and non-native animals on the Australian continent. Up in Northern Trek, you can visit the Zoo’s two female Bactrian camels, Laura and her daughter Callie. Laura came to the Zoo in 1991 from the Minnesota Zoo and Callie was born here in Cleveland in 1999. Bactrian camels were domesticated at least 4,500 years ago near modern day northern Iran. During the winter, Bactrian camels live along rivers in the Gobi steppe and then move down to the desert after the spring snow melt.

Bactrian camels are well-equipped to handle the harsh conditions of their desert home. Living in flocks of up to 30 animals led by a dominant male, Bactrian camels can drink brackish water and will eat fish if they are hungry enough. Their urine is concentrated and their dung is so dry it can be used as fuel as soon as deposited. As you may have noticed on Laura and Callie, Bactrian camels shed their winter coat in large chunks, giving the animal a very shaggy appearance. Slower and easier to ride, Bactrian camels have smaller, harder feet than dromedaries. There are around 14 million Bactrian camels and dromedaries in the world today and 90% of them are dromedaries. There were only about 1.4 million Bactrian camels as of 2010, most of which are domesticated. The only truly wild Bactrian camels, of which there are less than 1,000, inhabit the Gobi Desert in China and Mongolia. Wild Bactrian camels have been classified as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. When you visit the Zoo this summer, see if you can remember your “Bs” from your “Ds” while you show off all you know about camels! Z9

Tickets: $35/single ticket or $60/a pair Spend a quiet summer evening strolling the Zoo’s grounds, then enjoy Back to the Future shown in the Zoo’s outdoor amphitheater. Check for more information. 21 and over only.

Presented by:

Aim, focus and take your best shot during the Zoo’s annual photo contest. All photos must be taken on Zoo grounds between April 1 and October 31, 2013. Download an entry form at Members: Free!

Boo at the Zoo is a neighborhood of safe Halloween entertainment, with a spooky delight on every corner including animals on exhibit each evening. Each child receives a complimentary treat bag. Kids and adults are encouraged to wear fun (not scary) costumes. Members: Boo at the Zoo tickets for anyone covered by your membership are $1 off when purchased in person at the Zoo Box Office (between 9:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m.). Advanced ticket sales to begin in August. Check for more information.

6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.

October 17-20 & 24-27

Boo at the Zoo

Bring your teddy for a health checkup and learn all about bears! Members: Free!

Presented by:

Activities: 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.

September 7

Teddy Bear Day

For up-to-date information, check out our interactive calendar at

Tickets: VIP - $150 or General Admission - $80. Tickets are going fast! Log on to today to get in on the fun. 21 and over only.

General Admission — 7:00 p.m. – midnight

VIP party — 6:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m. (NEW location!)

Presented by:

August 2

Twilight at the Zoo

Presented by:

7:00 p.m. – 11:00 p.m.

August 23 (rain date August 30)

Date Night at the ZOOvies

View animals as you pedal through the Zoo during this after-hours, heart-healthy bicycle event. The event also promotes the role bicycling can have as part of a healthy, active lifestyle and how it can help you reduce your carbon footprint. Reservations are required - visit for more information. Members: Receive $2 off per ticket. With support from Jakprints, UH Rainbow Babies & Children’s Hospital and The Bike Rack.

5:30 p.m. – 8:30 p.m.

August 16

Now through October 31

Photo Safari

This summer, the professor and assistant are Wylde about Africa! They encounter a cranky pirate whose ship washed ashore years ago. Together the unlikely trio share what they know about African wildlife and the delicate balance that exists between people and animals in Africa. This 20-minute show is performed daily at 11:30 a.m., 1:30 p.m. and 3:30 p.m. at the Savanna Theater. Members: Free!

Presented by:

Now through September 2

Professor Wylde’s Animal Show

Wild Ride at the Zoo

An event for the young at heart, visitors age 55 years or better receive free Zoo admission. Activities include entertainment, fitness and relaxation demonstrations, wellness exhibitors, and health screenings courtesy of Discount Drug Mart. Members: Free!

Presented by:

It’s a summer of monstrous proportions with the return of Dinosaurs! The larger-than-life exhibit features more than 20 robotic dinosaurs and examines the relationship between dinosaurs and birds. Members: $2 per person. With support from Discount Drug Mart.

Enrichment comes in many shapes and sizes as guests observe primates being challenged to use tools, big cats stalking papier mâché prey, an octopus solving a puzzle or animal training demonstrations. Members: FREE!

September 6 Activities: 10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m .

August 10 Activities: 10:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Senior Safari

Presented by:

Creature Comforts


Now through September 15



Photo courtesy of Roger Mastroianni

Hang me up! Pull out this calendar and display it as a reminder.


Plant Scavenger Hunt


leveland Metroparks Zoo is full of year-round foliage displays, from specialty gardens in the summer to The RainForest exhibits in the winter. The landscape and trees make for a great visit no matter what season it is. The Zoo’s horticulture team is a passionate group that strives to educate Zoo guests. They provide daily care for the plants in the public and animal areas as well as help design the most natural exhibits for our animals by focusing on geographic themes. Some of the plants featured at the Zoo may bloom on a seasonal basis. During your next visit, and all year round, see how many of the plants below you can find in this A-Z plant hunt! - Gina Stem, Marketing and New Media Assistant

K L M The Public Greenhouse has a kaffir lily – can you find it?


Snakeroot has a strong smell and was used as a bug repellant. (Wolf Wilderness)

The lipstick tree in the medicine trail was used as a dye for coloring fabrics. (The RainForest)

The tarzan vine, also known as the chestnut vine, is a member of the grape family. (Public Greenhouse)

Can you find a monkey face? (Public Greenhouse)


The Public Greenhouse holds an angel’s trumpet, one of the most fragrant flowers in the world.


Firebush is a plant native to the tropical Americas that, in Cleveland, is found on the Medicine Trail in The RainForest.

Bird’s nest is a powdered root used for insect bites and sores. (Medicine Trail, The RainForest)


Look for a sea urchin cactus the next time you’re in the Public Greenhouse.

An arrowhead vine was used by native people to treat ailments such as sores and rashes. (Medicine Trail, The RainForest)


The leaves of a butterfly bush, found outside Savanna Ridge near African Elephant Crossing, attract monarch butterflies.

The golden zebra is a 5ft tall shrub with variegated leaves and colorful flowers inside the Public Greenhouse.

Check out a living calendar that changes daily in front of the Primate, Cat & Aquatics building.


Witch hazel leaves were used to soothe sore throats and colds. (Wolf Wilderness)


Ostrich ferns occupy the prehistoric plant garden around Waterfowl Lake.

The Public Greenhouse’s desert rose produces pink, funnel-shaped flowers in the spring and fall.

While you’re roaring with the dinosaurs this summer, make sure to see some of the plants that have outlived them in the prehistoric plant garden! (Prehistoric plant garden, Waterfowl Lake)

Australian Adventure houses an invasive plants garden.

Queen sago, found in the prehistoric plant garden, have different “cones” that separate male and female plants. (Prehistoric plant garden, Waterfowl Lake)

Can you find an elephant’s ear in the animal garden across from Wade Hall?

Crocodile jaws lurk inside the Public Greenhouse.


Root extracts of the rattle-snake master were used by the Native Americans to treat snake bites. (Wolf Wilderness)

WX Y Z Wolf Wilderness displays some native plants that many of our ancestors relied on for survival.

The cranesbill, or geranium x himalayense, is a part of the animal plant garden across from Wade Hall.

Golden candles in the Public Greenhouse are white flowers that emerge from yellow bracts.

Zebra grass can be found among the plants with animal names in the garden across from Wade Hall.



Cleveland Metroparks Conservation Education Department

inosaurs roamed the Earth for 165 million years during the Mesozoic Era from 230-65 million years ago. In comparison, humans have been on Earth for just two million years. Not all dinosaurs lived at the same time and some were extinct before others even appeared. By the end of the Mesozoic Era, all dinosaurs had gone extinct, leaving behind only fossils. Fossils, from the Latin fossilis meaning “dug up,” are the remains of ancient animals and plants or any trace evidence that they existed. There are two types of fossils: body and trace. Body fossils are just as the name suggests; they are actual body parts. Trace fossils include any evidence of past life. They can be in the form of tracks, trails, burrows, borings, impressions, molds or casts. Fossils can include body or trace elements that have been buried by tar impregnation, amber, refrigeration or carbonization. The first dinosaur fossil was dug up in 1818, but it was not known as a dinosaur yet. In 1842, Sir Richard Owen realized three fossils that had been discovered shared similar characteristics. He called them dinosaurs, from the Greek deinos meaning “terrible” and saurus meaning “lizard”.

Owen distinguished dinosaurs from other prehistoric reptiles by their upright rather than sprawling legs and by the presence of three or more vertebrae supporting the pelvis. If dinosaurs really walked like prehistoric reptiles, their bellies would have dragged on the ground, a difficult feat for a creature that might weigh more than a ton. There were no swimming or flying dinosaurs – those creatures were true reptiles. Ohio was undoubtedly inhabited by dinosaurs during the Mesozoic Era but any dinosaur remains that may have been entombed in lake or river sediments were destroyed when glaciers covering the state removed huge amounts of rock. While there may not be any dinosaur fossils to be found, Ohio has a large amount of other, older fossils. In fact, Ohio’s state fossil is the Isotelus, a type of trilobite. Trilobites were invertebrate marine organisms and the Isotelus existed 480-430 million years ago, when Ohio was underwater. This summer, the Zoo will feature more than 20 animatronic dinosaur displays — which is your favorite?

Dinosaurs! 2013 is presented by





Ed m o n to n i a w a s a h e avily armored dinosaur with s p i ke s a n d s p i n e s p ro t r u d i n g f ro m i t s s i d e s . T h ey we r e a l s o ve r y h e av y, we i g h i n g i n a ro u n d 7, 0 0 0 p o u n d s .

P a r a s a u ro l o p h u s we i g h e d n e a r l y 7, 8 0 0 p o u n d s {a s m u c h a s a f e m a l e Af r i c a n e l e p h a n t} a n d i s e a s i l y re co g n ize d by it s 6 -fo o t l o n g c u r ve d c re s t o n it s h e a d .

B r a c h i o s a u r u s wa s o n e of th e t a l l e s t a n d l a r g e s t d i nosaurs, standing 40 -50 f e e t a n d m e a s u r i n g u p to 8 5 f e e t i n l e n g th .

A l th o u g h St y r a co s a u r u s s to o d o n l y a b o u t 6 f e e t t a l l , it m a d e u p fo r it s s h o r t s t a t u re by b e i n g a ro u n d 1 8 f e e t l o n g a n d we i g h i n g a s m u c h a s 6,000 pounds.


Christina Aldrich Development Research and Stewardship Coordinator Ride, Discover, Explore, Climb, Play and Learn! When the Circle of Wildlife Carousel and Nature Discovery Zone opens in 2014, kids and adults alike will enjoy a new addition to their Zoo visit that will activate their imaginations, teach about conservation and encourage a connection with nature. Located near Waterfowl Lake, the Circle of Wildlife Carousel will feature the beautiful work of Mansfield-based artisans, Carousel Worksthe largest manufacturer of wooden carousels in the world. These local artists are currently busy hand-carving the 64 figures and two chariots that will be included on the carousel. From emerald tree boas to arctic foxes to elephants, the carousel will showcase a menagerie of species organized by the type of environment in which they live. In the nearby Nature Discovery Zone, the Zoo’s youngest visitors will navigate a series of habitats - from forests to meadows to wetlands - and experience what life is like for animals living in Ohio’s back yard. Developed using the latest design and education best-practices in nature play, the Nature Discovery Zone will encourage unstructured, openended play proven to foster a love of nature and provide significant social, intellectual and physical benefits for children. This exciting project is well under way. With the help of generous supporters, the Cleveland Zoological Society has successfully raised more than $500,000 towards the $2 million project goal, but we still need your help. Please join us as we grow — and make a gift today! Gifts of any amount are welcome and are 100% tax-deductible. For more information, visit or call (216) 635.3346.


G Y O U R TA I L F OR A W Kym Gopp

Associate Conservation Curator

“While all conservation dogs require significant training, a mounting body of evidence suggests that they’re well worth the investment. Dogs embody a unique blend of intelligence, resilience and sensitivity, and a willingness to work with people who are committed to working with them. It will ultimately be up to us, of course, to dramatically reduce the ever-growing ecological footprint of humanity, and to learn how to live with wildness in a manner both graceful and compassionate. But how fortunate we are to have such loyal companions to help us along the way” “The Bark”, online magazine

The Anatolian shepherd, a large, rugged, protective and powerful Turkish herding breed, is known for its dedication, intelligence and independence. Turkish women working in the fields have been known to tie a rope around the waist of young children and tie the other to the Anatolian’s collar. Like other livestock dogs, Anatolian pups are raised with the flock of livestock that they will protect as adults, and grown dogs defend their herd with tremendous loyalty and determination. Anatolians, and a closely related breed known as the Kangal, are unmatched in their role as livestock guardians. What do these facts have to do with wildlife, you might ask? When livestock are safe, farmers coexist more easily with wild predators. Successful conservationist Dr. Laurie Marker, of the Cheetah Conservation Fund, saw the value of using livestock dogs to help address human-carnivore (particularly cheetah) conflict in Namibia. The Cheetah Conservation Fund has been training Anatolian and Kangal dogs since beginning their Livestock Guardian Dog Program in Z16

1994. The program selectively breeds dogs, carefully selects recipient farmers, includes training for the new owner to increase the success of each dog, and follows-up to make sure the dog is doing well. Farmers, hesitant at first, have seen positive changes since bringing these dogs in to protect their herds. There has been a documented decline in cheetah mortality in areas where the dogs are at work because of the reduction in retaliatory killing. Based on these successes, more and more carnivore conservation projects are now using livestock guarding dogs. In addition to Anatolian shepherds, Kangal dogs and Africanis Maluti (Lesotho Highland dogs) used for livestock guarding, other breeds are used in other ways. Working and sporting breeds that are commonly seen include German shepherds, Belgian malinois, Labrador retrievers, English springer spaniels, German shorthaired pointers and even beagles. Sometimes conservation dogs are local dogs, already adapted to conditions in the area. Rescues are often used as conservation dogs as well, especially when the personality and character of the dog is more important than the breed. Ironically many of the dogs that end up in shelters are there because of the very qualities that make them good working dogs – very high energy and play needs combined with intense focus and drive. Challenging family pet = effective conservation dog.

Photos courtesy of Cleveland Metroparks Zoo

Everyone knows that dogs are man’s best friend but you may not know that dogs can be a friend to wildlife as well. Working dogs are being trained and deployed all over the world to help us detect, study and protect wildlife. Known as conservation dogs, these canines have a tremendous positive impact on wildlife conservation.

Our support of the Endangered Wildlife Trust’s Livestock Guarding Dogs Project minimizes conflict between humans and large carnivores in South Africa and has been helping farmers effectively protect their livestock since 2006. With more than 140 dogs and an 84% dog success rate, the program has reduced livestock loss by more than 90%.

Through the African Wildlife Foundation, the Zoos and Zoo Society are supporting the expansion of the Kenya Wildlife Service Canine Detection Unit. Specially trained sniffer dogs are used to track and apprehend poachers in protected areas and also detect ivory and rhino horn that is hidden in luggage or shipments at key transit sites like airports and seaports. These specially trained dogs and talented handlers are far more efficient than human inspectors and highly successful, detecting animal products with more than 90% accuracy.

Livestock guarding is only one role that dogs play in conservation. Dogs’ physical abilities, trainability and willingness to work are securing them an important place in the fight to protect wildlife and wild places. Conservation dogs not only guard livestock and deter predators, but also use their powerful noses and tracking abilities to detect target animal and plant species and other animal “by-products” in the environment (such as scat). Scat detection dogs and tracking dogs are able to easily locate and track their targets, even in very dense and rugged terrain. Conservation dogs are also used to help address illegal activity and poaching by locating snares, poachers, and weapons. They are indispensable for sniffing out illegal wildlife products such as ivory and rhino horn at ports and checkpoints.

The Zoo’s Asian Turtle Program in Vietnam uses specially trained turtle sniffing dogs to search for rare species like the critically endangered Indochinese box turtle, one of the most threatened groups of turtles in the world. Locating and confirming the presence of these species is critical for conservation activities.

The Zoo and Zoo Society strongly support the deployment of conservation dogs and these talented canines are at work with a number of our field partners across the globe. Our international canine partners are locating endangered turtles in the field in Vietnam, sniffing for illegal rhino horn at ports in Kenya and guarding livestock in South Africa. Stay tuned for puppy updates from the field as we are currently working with our partners from the Ruaha Carnivore Project in Tanzania on a pilot livestock guarding dog project to help address human-carnivore conflict in the area. Z17

Membership Bring your benefits on the road! Heading off on vacation this summer? Consider a visit to one of the many great zoos and aquariums that share reciprocity with Cleveland Metroparks Zoo. In 2013, Cleveland Zoological Society members will enjoy half-priced admission to more than 130 zoos and aquariums across the country! Just be sure to call your destination zoo or aquarium before your visit to confirm details and restrictions. From Pittsburgh to El Paso, your Cleveland Zoological Society membership is your passport to new and exciting zoo adventures!

Matters Neighbors and Friends Just a couple of hours drive to the west of Cleveland, the Toledo Zoo presents the perfect opportunity for an animal-centric road trip. Established 100 years ago, the Toledo Zoo is now home to 9,000 animals representing roughly 800 species. Visit Toledo’s Arctic Encounter® exhibit this summer and you will likely be rewarded with a cool treat; the zoo welcomed two polar bear cubs in December, 2012. The Toledo Zoo will also feature a special Wild Walkabout exhibit through September 2, 2013. Wallabies, cassowaries and dingoes will grab your attention, but be sure not to miss Baru, the giant saltwater crocodile. At 17 feet long and weighing around 1,500 pounds, he may be the largest saltwater crocodile in North America! The Toledo Zoo opens daily at 10 a.m., but closing times vary throughout the year. For more information, visit Renewing your membership soon? Consider an additional donation to We Care for Animals. Each year, the Zoo spends more than $500,000 for all the produce (34 tons), hay and other plant material needed to feed the animals in its care. A contribution to the We Care for Animals fund helps provide topnotch veterinary care, nutritious food and stimulating enrichment programs. And helping is as easy as writing in an additional donation on your renewal form, adding a few dollars to your online renewal or calling the Member and Donor Services office at (216) 661.6500 x4421. Your generosity allows us to provide the very best quality of life for the amazing animals in our care!

Want to visit another zoo but don’t have your Cleveland Zoo Society Membership Card? First, check out our website to make sure the zoo you want to visit participates in our reciprocal program. A current listing of all institutions participating in the AZA Reciprocal Admissions program can be found at Then, call the Membership Office at least 24 hours in advance of your visit so we can let them know you’re coming! Lost your cards? No problem! Visit ClevelandZooSociety. org and print out temporary cards that are good for three weeks. Avoid lines at the Membership Booth and get you and your family closer to the fun! Z18

Generous support for the Zoo Society’s Membership Program is provided by

se i o t r o t Adopt a

l l e h S

it’s a

of a a e d i d o go

Aldabra tortoises, the largest of the land tortoises, have domed, dark gray carapaces (shells) that can range in size from three to four feet. One of four species of tortoise at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, the Aldabra tortoise may be seen outside basking in the sun near the Primate, Cat & Aquatics Building during the summer months. When you adopt a tortoise, you’ll be providing the best possible care for all the animals that call Cleveland Metroparks Zoo “home.” Adopt a tortoise for only $75, and your gift package will include: • An official “ZooParent” collectible key chain • A collectible plush tortoise • Personalized adoption certificate • A color photo and fun fact sheet about the Aldabra tortoise • A full year of award-winning membership publications •A  n invitation to ZooFriends’ Night 2014, a VIP family summer event (mailed separately) • Name recognition on

“Carapace” diem at the $250 level and enjoy all the benefits above, as well as an invitation for the ZooParent and a guest (16 years or older) to go on an exclusive behind-the-scenes tour of the Zoo. Animal adoptions make great gifts for holidays, birthdays or for that special someone that has everything...but a giant tortoise. Adoption kits include something for all seasons – the custom gift package NOW, plus a subscription to Z magazine and tickets for ZooFriends’ Night 2014. Come out of your shell - Adopt an Aldabra tortoise!

If this is a gift, please provide both addresses so that we may fulfill your order.

Your Name (Mr. /Mrs. /Ms.)

Name to Appear on Certificate and Website

Address City

State Zip

Recipient’s Name (Mr./Mrs./Ms.)

Phone (Day)



Animal adopted ($75 for special offer or other)


State Zip

Amount • $75  • $100  • $250  • Other    

Phone (Day)


• $7 additional for shipping and handling Upgrade your single adoption to $100 and you’ll also receive a FREE T-shirt or tote bag and recognition on Zoo grounds Select one: T-shirt (• Adult XL, • Adult M, • Youth M, • Youth L) or • Tote bag Total $

• Check enclosed (payable to Cleveland Zoological Society) Charge to my: • American Express  • Discover  • MasterCard  • VISA Card Number Signature

Expiration Date

Gift is from Relation to Recipient Gift message Please indicate:  • Mail packet to me  • Mail packet to recipient Send renewal notice to:  • Me  • Recipient

If you wish to purchase more than one adoption, please include the necessary information on an extra sheet of paper. Mail to: ADOPT AN ANIMAL, Cleveland Zoological Society, 3900 Wildlife Way, Cleveland, Ohio 44109 call (216) 661.6500 x4440 or visit Z19

Photo courtesy of Roger Mastroianni

Bask in being a ZooParent at the $100 level, and receive all of the above AND a terrific T-shirt or tote bag and recognition on Zoo grounds.

Non-Profit Org. U. S. P o s t a g e P A I D Cleveland, O H Permit No. 3570

“Forget not that the earth delights to feel your bare feet and the winds long to play with your hair.”

Cleveland Zoological Society 3900 Wildlife Way Cleveland, OH 44109 Change Service Requested

—Khalil Gibran

n u F r e m m u S under the Stars x2 20th Annual Twilight at the Zoo Presented by Scene Magazine Friday, August 2 VIP Party: 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.

Date Night at the ZOOvies

Presented by Cleveland Plus Friday, August 23 (Rain Date: August 30) 7:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. Mingle with other young professionals and rediscover

General Admission: 7:00 p.m. to Midnight

where the wild things are!

Join us for the city’s largest fundraiser and a celebration of

7:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. — Stroll through Australian Adven-

Cleveland’s vibrant music scene! Wind your way through the Zoo enjoying the rhythms of 17 bands, playing, Motown, rock, salsa, swing, country and blues. An assortment

ture and the African Savanna while enjoying beer, wine and light appetizers.

of complimentary food, Samuel Adams beer, Twisted Tea,

8:30 p.m. — Watch Back to the Future in the Zoo’s outdoor

Jacob’s Creek wine and soft drinks will also be available.

amphitheater. Enjoy hot pretzels, popcorn, candy, beer, wine, pop and water during the movie. Bring a blanket/ chairs or grab an amphitheater seat (first come first served).

Guests for both events must be 21 & over to attend. Proper ID required. Visit for ticket pricing and more information.

Find up-to-date event info and band profiles #TwilightattheZoo #ZOOVies Network and invite clients to the VIP party

Z Magazine Summer 2013  

Magazine for members of the Cleveland Zoological Society

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