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VOL. 158 • NO. 46

The American Israelite T H E




JCC Summer Cinema Series presents Israeli films



Access opens a waterpark in the middle of OTR



NHS selects Maksim Shilkrot as new Education and...



Israeli, foreign armies share lessons on the future battlefield



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Egyptian election promises uncertainty for ties with U.S., Israel



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Eichmann trial anniversary brings prosecutor to face lost childhood

JFS transforms its Food Pantry To tackle the growing needs of the most vulnerable members of our Jewish community, Jewish Family Service is transforming its Food Pantry into the Barbash Family Vital Support Center on the campus of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. “The food pantry has been the gateway to the road of self-sufficiency. When clients come to us for food, it opens the door to other services Jewish Family Service can offer to help provide stability in their lives,” said Beth Schwartz, Jewish Family Service executive director. “The Barbash Center will strengthen the lives of people in need by putting the food pantry, case management, supportive counseling, emergency financial assistance, health promoting classes, and therapeutic socialization under one roof. It will also be a central location on a Jewish campus that can offer social action and mitzvah opportunities for all ages.” The Barbash Family Vital Support Center will be housed in the former gymnasium building on the campus that will be renovated for this new purpose. Space will include an expanded food pantry, rooms for classes and social gatherings, private client meeting rooms, and more. The building will be accessible to all, allow for discreet entry, and have adequate parking. For people served by the food pantry and who have no ability to travel by car, bus or otherwise, Jewish Family Service staff and volunteers will continue to make deliveries as done currently. Jewish Family Service has been the primary organization attending to the problem of poverty in the Cincinnati Jewish community. After recognizing a gaping hole in services available to low income Jewish clients who came to the agency, Jewish Family Service opened its food pantry in 2003 at Golf Manor Synagogue. “We have been most appreciative

of Golf Manor Synagogue’s generous partnership, with a donation of space rent-free for the past eight and a half years. We could not have realized such a successful operation without them,” said Schwartz. The food pantry, however, had outgrown its one room. What originally served about two dozen clients has evolved into a fully conceived

Jewish Family Service envisioned a comprehensive “one-stop” service center to address all of the problems associated with poverty and mental illness that often accompanies poverty—a place where Jewish Family Service professionals could help the most disenfranchised and vulnerable members of Cincinnati’s Jewish community.

What originally served about two dozen clients has evolved into a fully conceived Vital Services department providing food, emergency financial assistance, supportive counseling and case management. By 2012, this vital support has improved the life circumstances of 458 individuals. Vital Services department providing food, emergency financial assistance, supportive counseling and case management. By 2012, this vital support has improved the life circumstances of 458 individuals. The growing need of the community was confirmed by the 2008 Community Study, which surveyed about 100,000 individuals in the greater Cincinnati area to capture the characteristics of the local Jewish community and provide insight into its needs, attitudes and behaviors. The study found, based on federal government guidelines, that there are 1,100 impoverished Jewish households. Another 1,625 near-poor households are just one car repair, job layoff or health setback from descending fully into poverty.

Initial development for a new center began with a planning grant from The Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati and under the leadership of Fran Gafvert, Jewish Family Service Vital Services Department Director. A three-year grant providing seed money was then awarded by Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati as a result of a strong business plan. This dream of a new center was propelled toward reality with the recent announcement of major financial support. The Jewish Foundation of Cincinnati has committed to a high-impact investment of $3.2 million over 10 years. Jewish Federation of Cincinnati began a $2.1 Sustainability Campaign and Bernie and Pam Barbash have generously given the lead gift of $1 mil-

lion. Private donations in the amount of $800,000 are still needed for the Center to open in early 2013. The new Center’s location requirements and priority services were identified through focus groups and surveys of current Jewish Family Service clients. The HUC-JIR campus was selected after comparing several sites around the city. Its central location is convenient to the more than 40 Greater Cincinnati area zip codes already served by Jewish Family Service. It is served by several Metro bus lines, with a bus stop in front of HUCJIR’s main campus; and it is easily reached by both Interstates 71 and 75. The location is also near the additional community services that clients often require, such as health care and public benefits offices. “We look forward to the synergies with the HUC-JIR and University of Cincinnati students and their social action groups. Being at HUC and having their rabbinic students provide pastoral services will truly make the Barbash Center unique,” said Schwartz. “The HUC-JIR campus with its large space available to house the Barbash Center was the optimal location for our clients to readily access the support and services needed, and for us to reach more families in need,” said Schwartz. In addition to addressing the entire spectrum of hardships that accompany hunger and poverty, the Jewish Family Service case managers will work to identify and help more poor Jewish individuals discovered by the 2008 Community Study—with the goal to more than double its current number of clients served by 2020. “We look forward to the opening of the Barbash Family Vital Support Center to help us fulfill the Jewish Family Service vision of leading the way to a Jewish community where everyone lives with dignity, security and hope,” said Schwartz.



Subscribe to The E-sraelite, be in the know The American Israelite continues to offer its readers the most up to date Jewish news in the community and around the world. This past May marks the first anniversary of The American Israelite’s newsletter, The E-sraelite. Once a month, subscribers to the bulletin can get an overview of the last number of weeks worth of the Israelite newspaper’s articles, online, and directly to their inbox. In addition to community and world news, you will be able to view the photo galleries showing this month’s activities of Jewish Cincinnati.

“The E-sraelite is great for people on the go,” noted Pam Saeks of The Mayerson Foundation. “This outlet of The American Israelite offers an overview of news and upcoming events for its readers.” This streamlined news source allows for paperless news, and a way for those removed from Cincinnati to stay connected to The Queen City with The E-sraelite’s roundup of Jewish news. If you have yet to do so, remember to sign up for The E-sraelite. Stay in the know about local events by having the latest news and information come directly to your inbox

on a regular basis. To subscribe, go to The American Israelite website’s homepage and move your cursor to the top right corner of the page where there is a space advertising the Esraelite. Click your cursor in the email address field of the box and type in your personal email address, then click subscribe. Following which, you will be taken to a new site and will be asked to confirm. Several hundred people are currently subscribed to the newsletter and are a click away from the news. Join them. Remember to stick with the oldest for what’s new.

Ohav Shalom Sisterhood fuses glass, friendships On Wednesday, May 23, the women of the Ohav Shalom Sisterhood met at the synagogue and caravanned to Oakley for an evening event that was both exciting and educational. The ladies traveled to a local glass making studio for a Glass Fusion Mezuzah Making Project. Upon arriving at the studio, the friendly and knowledgeable staff

helped the 20 attendees create beautiful works of art and showed them the intricate aspects of glass fusion. The women were able to express their creative sides and unleashed their inner artists as they carefully selected their materials. The studio then fired and fused the glass pieces to create one-of-a-kind, beautifully personalized glass mezuzahs. The Ohav Shalom Sisterhood bonded

not only glass but with their fellow artisans admiring the individuality of each mezuzah created. There were new friendships formed and all found the time to catch up on old friendships and news as well. The Ohav Shalom Sisterhood is committed to providing innovative programming across the lines of education, art, community, culture, cuisine and more.

Rabbi Abie Ingber attends White House celebration Rabbi Abie Ingber, founding director of Xavier University’s Office of Interfaith Community Engagement, was invited to the White House for a celebration of Jewish Heritage Month on May 30, 2012. President George W. Bush first declared in 2006 that May would be Jewish American Heritage Month (JAHM). The main priority of JAHM is to raise the national consciousness regarding contributions by Jewish Americans to our country’s heritage through a variety of events and programs across all 50 states. In the 2011-2012 academic year, Ingber’s office served as the only Southern Ohio participant in the White House Interfaith and Community Service Campus Challenge. An ordained rabbi for 35 years, Ingber is also an adjunct professor of theology at Xavier University. For over 30 years, he was executive director and senior rabbi at Cincinnati’s Hillel Jewish Student Center. The son of Holocaust immigrants, Ingber has advocated his entire life on behalf of immi-

grants and social justice. One of his earliest notable achievements came when he talked his way into John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s Montreal bedroom during their famous 1969 “Bed In” to convince them to sign his petition for Russian Jewish emigration. More recently, he has traveled with the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society to Darfur to bring refugees the message of hope with which his parents raised him. HIAS work has also taken him to Uganda and Kenya. He has traveled to Ethiopia to accompany Ethiopian Jews (Falash Mura) to their new home in Israel. In the United States, Ingber has served as vice president of the Interreligious Information Center in New York City and is a founding board member of the Brueggeman Center for Dialogue at Xavier University. With members of the Brueggeman Center, he co-created and is co-executive director of the award-winning exhibit, “A Blessing to One Another: Pope John Paul II and the Jewish People,” which has toured in more than 18 cities since

its opening in 2005. In 2009, Ingber and his co-directors delivered 31,009 prayers written by exhibit visitors to place in Jerusalem’s Western Wall. Ingber’s work at Xavier, one of the United States’ 28 Jesuit universities, further exemplifies his mission to engage all faiths and all ages to work together for Tikkun Olam. His office for Interfaith Community Engagement gathers students from all faith and ethnic backgrounds to encounter each other and to serve together for the betterment of all. In 2007, he was the co-convener of the first Catholic-Jewish Lay Conference at the Vatican. Ingber is known across the country and around the world for his unifying efforts and inspiring speeches. In 2008, he received the Eternal Light Award from the Center for JewishCatholic Studies in Tampa, Fla. The University of Cincinnati has bestowed on him the Dr. Martin Luther King Award and the Just Community Award. In 2012, Ingber was named a “Champion for Connecting Cultures and Communities” by the Cincinnati Human Relations Commission.

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Access opens a waterpark in the middle of OTR



VOL. 158 • NO. 46 THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 2012 17 SIVAN 5772 SHABBAT BEGINS FRIDAY 8:40 PM SHABBAT ENDS SATURDAY 9:41 PM THE AMERICAN ISRAELITE CO., PUBLISHERS 18 WEST NINTH STREET, SUITE 2 CINCINNATI, OHIO 45202-2037 Phone: (513) 621-3145 Fax: (513) 621-3744 RABBI ISSAC M. WISE Founder, Editor, Publisher, 1854-1900 LEO WISE Editor & Publisher, 1900-1928


people in our community.” Past ACTout events in this vein have included, Chrismitzvah, and the Easter Egg and Bagel Brunch at Nast Trinity Church in Over the Rhine, where Jewish young professionals cooked for, waited on and served homeless and other less fortunate people in the surrounding area a hot holiday meal. Other projects have involved doing household chores for Jewish seniors and hosting cookouts and capture the flag events for kids from the Boys and Girls Clubs and Starfire. “The Easter Egg and Bagel Brunch was my first ACTout event. I expected we would stand behind a table and spoon out food as people came through the line. Boy was I wrong!” says Natalie Fishman. “We actually created our own restaurant, complete with menus, clothed tables with vases of flowers, short order cooks and waiters. While we may take it for granted, being able to sit at a table and have someone take your order, bring it to you and clear it away is a true luxury. I think the free food was actually secondary to the experience for most of the guests. That added dose of dignity and humanity that this event gave to the guests has stuck with me ever since and it’s what keeps me coming back to ACTout events time and again. Tikk0un Olam is about more than just giving back,” she continues. “It’s about making things better, and that’s precisely what you get with ACTout!” ACTout events are always free and open to Jewish young professionals 21-35. Non-Jewish significant others are always welcome. To RSVP for the Splish Splash Beat the Heat Bash, please consult the Community Directory in this issue for Access contact information.

ewish N h-J ew lis

open to all children and their families in Over the Rhine. The event will feature the jaw dropping Niagara, a three-story inflatable water slide that feeds into a rainbowcovered river, as well as other water slides and water-play attractions. In addition, fire hoses will help cool off the crowd, courtesy of the Cincinnati Fire Department. The Lincoln Center swimming pool, normally only available to paid members, will be open to the public at no cost. Children can pet horses from the Cincinnati Police Department’s Mounted Division and participate in carnival games with prizes, get their faces painted and dance to music from a professional DJ. “The Cincinnati Fire Department is honored to work with the Mayerson Foundation, the Cincinnati Police Department and the Cincinnati Recreation Commission on the First Annual Splish Splash event,” says Fire Chief, Richard Braun. “These types of public and private collaborations enrich the lives of children in our community, which is critical to our mission.” “ACTout has maintained very successful long-running relationships with organizations such as Nast Trinity Church, the Mayerson JCC’s Senior Adult Service Department, Starfire and others for many years,” explains Plowden. “It’s partnerships like these, and new partnerships like the ones we are developing with the Cincinnati Police and Fire Departments, and Cincinnati Recreation Commission that allow us to expand our horizons while keeping our volunteer opportunities fresh and original. It’s great working with these local organizations to achieve a common goal of helping

RABBI JONAH B. WISE Editor & Publisher, 1928-1930

Est. 1854

Kids in OTR will beat the heat, thanks to ACTout.

• ca

“All around, people looking half dead, walking on the sidewalk, hotter than a match head…” Cincinnati’s in for the kind of sweltering heat that The Lovin’ Spoonful so poignantly characterized in their song, “Summer in the City.” And while record-breaking temperatures like the ones we’ve been having are a mild annoyance to many, for the 36 percent of Cincinnatians who live below the poverty line and don’t have access to air conditioning, swimming pools or ceiling fans, it can be unbearable. But now, thanks to ACTout, Access’ volunteer initiative for Jewish young professionals, in partnership with the Cincinnati

Police and Fire Departments and the Cincinnati Recreation Commission, relief is in sight… if even just for one day. “Most of the children in Over the Rhine will never get to experience the simple pleasures of summer, such as running through a sprinkler, jumping off the high dive, or going down a water slide,” explains Rachel Plowden, Access event coordinator. “And with the kind of heat we’ve been having we decided to tap into one of our greatest resources, our ACTout volunteer corps, to help bring an entire waterpark into Over the Rhine during one of the hottest months of the summer. We want to give the children a day they will never forget!” she adds. ACTout’s Splish Splash Beat the Heat Bash will take place on Sunday, Aug. 9 at the Lincoln Recreation Center, and is free and

r in Am ape er sp i

ACTout volunteers will help inner city kids beat the heat this summer

THE AMERICAN ISRAELITE (USPS 019-320) is published weekly for $44 per year and $1.00 per single copy in Cincinnati and $49 per year and $3.00 per single copy elsewhere in U.S. by The American Israelite Co. 18 West Ninth Street, Suite 2, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202-2037. Periodicals postage paid at Cincinnati, OH. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE AMERICAN ISRAELITE, 18 West Ninth Street, Suite 2, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202-2037. The views and opinions expressed by the columnists of The American Israelite do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the newspaper.



NHS selects Maksim Shilkrot as new Education and Programming Director Northern Hills SynagogueCongregation B’nai Avraham is pleased to announce the selection of Maksim Shilkrot as its new Director of Education and Programming. Shilkrot will succeed Tracy Weisberger, who is moving to Israel with her family. Shilkrot, a native of Moldova, immigrated as a child to Birmingham, Ala. He holds a Bachelor’s degree from the University of AlabamaBirmingham, and a Master’s degree in Jewish Education from Baltimore Hebrew University/Baltimore Hebrew Institute at Towson University in Baltimore, Md. He has served as a Youth Director and Educator at Temple Beth El in Birmingham and Associate Youth Director/Coordinator at Howard Krauss Tutoring Services in Sderot,

Maksim Shilkrot

Israel. He coordinated afterschool programs at the N.E. Miles Jewish Day School in Birmingham. He has also taught many courses for Jews and non-Jews on Torah, Jewish his-

tory and Jewish literature. As Northern Hills’ Director of Education and Programming, Shilkrot will head the Kehilla School for Creative Jewish Education, the joint religious school sponsored by Northern Hills and Congregation Ohav Shalom. He will also lead a variety of adult, family and youth education programs for the congregation. “In the last few weeks I have had the opportunity to meet many Northern Hills’ members. I am encouraged by the love and enthusiasm they have toward building a spiritual home. And riding on those feelings, it is with a great sense of pride and honor that I take on the responsibilities of serving as Director of Programming and Education,” said Shilkrot, who began working at Northern Hills in mid-May.

NHS HaZaK presents the jazz stylings of Dan Karlsberg For its final event of the programming year, the HaZaK group of Northern Hills Synagogue Congregation B’nai Avraham is pleased to present accomplished jazz musician Dan Karlsberg. The program will take place on Wednesday, June 13 beginning at noon. Lunch will be served. Karlsberg, who is 31, began play-

ing piano before he was 5. Although he studied many different genres of music, his path led him to the improvisations of jazz. He performs with the Dan Karlsberg Group, which has released two albums, The Adventures of the Dan Karlsberg Group and Mission to Mars and Other Short Stories. Karlsberg has earned both Bachelor’s and Master’s

B’nai Tzedek celebrates three men with second life Bar Mitzvah On June 16, Congregation B’nai Tzedek will honor three of its senior members in a celebration of a second life bar mitzvah, a modern tradition based on the Psalm 90 reference to the life of a human as being 70 years (“Our days may come to seventy years, or eighty, if our strength endures”). This modern tradition calculates that after 70 we begin living our second life and therefore celebrate our second bar mitzvah 13 years later when attaining 83 years of age. The honorees are Jack Kwiatek, Robert Lemlich and Aaron Rubinstein. Jack Kwiatek developed his interest in chemistry while studying for his first bar mitzvah with a rabbi who was also a graduate student in chemistry. This led to his career in chemistry including work at M.W. Kellog, GE’s Knolls Atomic Labs and National Distillers. Jack and his family were one of the founding families of Congregation B’nai Tzedek. He also spent two years on

a sabbatical at the Weizmann Institute in Israel doing research. Robert Lemlich grew up in Brooklyn. During college, he was drafted into the Navy where he was trained in electronics and radar. After the war, he returned to New York University and graduated summa cum laude with a BS in chemical engineering. After working several years in the field, Bob was hired as an assistant professor at UC where he also completed his Ph.D. He served on the faculty for 33 years and was honored with three Fulbright lectureships—the semesters spent in Argentina, Israel and the Soviet Union. Aaron Rubinstein missed the celebration of his first bar mitzvah when his family had escaped from his native Poland after the German invasion and ended up in Uzbekistan. Aaron then travelled with other children to Palestine B’NAI TZEDEK on page 19

degrees at the University of Cincinnati’s College-Conservatory of Music and teaches piano at CCM “HaZaK” is an acronym, with the letters standing for the Hebrew words “Hakhma” (wisdom), “Ziknah” (maturity), and “Kadima” (forward). The HaZaK programs are for adults 55 and older, and are open to the entire community.




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JCC Summer Cinema Series presents Israeli films National Perhaps for the first time in history, Israelis are identifying and even laughing with Arabs, as they watch the hilarious, unprecedented Israeli sitcom, “Arab Labor,” coming to the Mayerson JCC as part of the JCC Summer Cinema Series. The series runs Tuesday, June 26 through Thursday, June 28, and “Arab Labor” will show on Wednesday, June 27, at 1 p.m. and 7 p.m. “This is a development that’s comparable to the United States’ embrace of ‘The Cosby Show’ or ‘All in the Family,’ which used humor to explore race and society,” stated the San Francisco Chronicle. Set in modern day Israel, “Arab Labor” is about a hapless Palestinian journalist whose biggest problem is that he is not Jewish. He darts in and out of amusing and poignant confrontations with his sassy wife, their smart-as-a-whip daughter, his overbearing parents

and his hound-dog younger friend. Created by Sayed Kashua, a 32year-old Israeli-born Palestinian journalist, “Arab Labor” is a ground-breaking, consistently funny attempt to explore the tensions and contradictions of everyday life among the Israeli Palestinian minority. “I wanted the Israeli mainstream audience to meet different kinds of Arabs—not just terrorists or politicians—and listen to their language and their stories,” Kashua said. “I’m not dealing with (Palestinian) lives under direct occupation, like in the West Bank—it’s about the Palestinian minority inside Israel.” noted, “Whoever said the Arab-Israeli conflict couldn’t be funny? The first primetime Israeli show about an Arab family is a hit with Israeli audiences.” The JCC Summer Cinema

Series is a new program, developed from audience feedback about the very popular winter Jewish & Israeli Film Festival. On Tuesday, June 26 at 7 p.m., the J will show “Melting Away” (Namess Ba’geshem), the 2012 Jewish & Israeli Film Festival Audience Favorite. This is a great opportunity for people who missed the film this winter, as well as those who loved it, to see the first feature film in the history of Israeli cinema that deals with the topic of parents and their relationships with their transgender children. “Melting Away” is an emotional tale that touches on real issues of sexuality and how everyday people handle themselves when forced to deal with life and death and what is left in the wake. Audiences also requested more comedy. So, in addition to the comedy “Arab Labor” showing on Wednesday, June 27, the JCC Summer Cinema Series presents

“This is Sodom” (Zohi Sdom) on Thursday, June 28 at 7 p.m. The biggest box office comedy hit in Israel in 25 years, “This is Sodom” is a raucous, bawdy biblical comedy in the best tradition of Monty Python and Mel Brooks. As God’s wrath draws closer, Abraham, Lot, the Sodomites and their rulers, and even the avenging angels, are seduced by the decadent delights of the most famous Sin City in history. The film received five Israeli Academy Award nominations, including wins for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. Also based on feedback from the winter Jewish & Israeli Film Festival, the JCC Summer Cinema Series offers more comfortable seating. Graduated, stadium-style seats (much like those in new movie theaters around Cincinnati) will be in place at the J. For more information about the JCC Summer Cinema Series, contact the JCC.

Wise Temple hosts IHN Wise Temple continues its longtime commitment to serving homeless families at Wise Center as part of the Interfaith Hospitality Network (IHN). Wise’s IHN cochair, Deb LaFrance, recently attended the IHN Annual Meeting where she heard about the experiences of the homeless families as they go through their days and weeks in the program. “It gave me better insight into the struggles and stumbling blocks that must be overcome for our [IHN] families to get back on their feet. I’m glad that Wise Temple members can make the struggle somewhat easier,” LaFrance commented.

During the week of June 1016, Wise Temple religious school classrooms will be converted into bedrooms, complete with beds, cribs and curtains, so that homeless families can stay together, in private rooms, while waiting for permanent housing. Congregants bring hot, home-cooked meals for dinner each night and provide breakfast and lunch throughout the week. Wise Temple volunteers of all ages arrive to socialize with the IHN families in the evenings. Approximately 50 Wise Temple families will volunteer during the June hosting, as evening hosts, cooks or overnight hosts.

Shareholders demand answers from CBS on Holy Land Christians program By Alina Dain Sharon JointMedia News Service Four board members of the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA) attended the CBS May 24 shareholder meeting in New York, arguing that the television network had used distortions, omissions and factual errors on “60 Minutes” to present the Jewish state as an oppressor of Christians in the region. In the controversial April 22 “60 Minutes” segment, reporter Bob Simon ignored a documented history of Muslim violence toward the Palestinian population in the West Bank, instead making it seem that Israel was entirely the culprit, critics of the program have said.

Simon referred to Israel’s security fence as completely surrounding Bethlehem, “turning the ‘little town’ where Christ was born into what its residents call ‘an open air prison.’” In reality, the fence only arcs along the north, where it borders Israeli neighborhoods and does not surround Bethlehem; residents can move freely in and out along the entire south of the city. Simon also claimed that the Christian population in the region has declined to less than two percent. As a percentage of the regional population compared to Muslims, Christians have, indeed, declined, but CBS failed to make clear that the Christian population inside Israel has grown substantially. SHAREHOLDERS on page 20

Briefs Obama extends Israel embassy waiver WASHINGTON (JTA) — President Obama extended a waiver for an additional six months that delays moving the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. Obama’s waiver, issued June 1, follows in the footsteps of predecessors Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, who also extended the waiver every six months since a law was passed in 1995 mandating moving the U.S. Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Presidents are permitted to delay the move on national security grounds. Some Jewish groups have pushed for the United States to move the embassy as a way to bolster Israeli claims to the city. Those favoring the use of the waiver say that moving the embassy would anger the Arab world and put the United States in the position of taking sides on an issue that should be settled in peace talks. Mitt Romney, the Republican presidential candidate, has privately told Jewish leaders he would not commit to moving the embassy as president. MetroWest and Central N.J. federations to merge NEW YORK (JTA) — Two Jewish federations in New Jersey are merging in what is being described as the largest federation merger in history. The United Jewish Communities of MetroWest N.J., which has about 100 employees, is merging with the Jewish Federation of Central New Jersey, which has more than a dozen, on July 1, becoming the Jewish Federation of Greater MetroWest N.J. The two federations’ catchment areas are contiguous. MetroWest’s president, Lori Klinghoffer, will lead the new entity, MetroWest Executive Vice President Max Kleinman will be the CEO, and Stanley Stone, executive vice president of Central New Jersey, will be the executive director. The headquarters will be in Whippany, N.J., where MetroWest is located; Central’s existing office will become a regional office of the new federation. Federation officials said the merger, which has been under discussion for about 15 months, brings together two communities that have similar values and numerous shared programs but are separated arbitrarily by geography. “It’s not that bigger is better, but something greater has come that will have a positive impact on the community served by the Jewish Federation of Greater MetroWest N.J.,” Stone said.



Israeli gov’t decision to fund Reform, Conservative rabbis sets precedent for equality with Orthodox By Ben Sales Jewish Telegraphic Agency NEW YORK (JTA) — This week’s announcement that the Israeli government for the first time will pay the salaries of some non-Orthodox rabbis represents a major victory for the Reform and Conservative movements. But it’s a victory more of principle than major practical changes — at least, so far. The Israeli attorney general’s office said Tuesday that Reform and Conservative rabbis in some parts of Israel will be recognized as “rabbis of non-Orthodox communities” and will receive wages equal to those of their Orthodox counterparts. For now, the decision applies only to Israel’s regional councils — large districts of rural communities — but not Israeli cities. And the non-Orthodox rabbis, unlike their Orthodox colleagues, will have no authority over Jewish law or ceremonies such as marriage or divorce. Rather than being funded by the nation’s Religious Services Ministry, they will receive their salaries from the Ministry of Culture and Sport. Even though the decision will not affect most Israeli Reform and Conservative Jews because the vast majority of them live in large

Courtesy of Miri Gold’s Facebook page

Miri Gold, an Israeli Reform rabbi, petitioned the Israeli courts to have the government fund her salary as it does for Orthodox rabbis in the country.

metropolitan areas such as Jerusalem and metro Tel Aviv, the decision nevertheless opens a door toward full equality with the Orthodox, non-Orthodox Israeli leaders said. “The importance of the decision is that it sets the model for the relations between the nonOrthodox movements and the government,” said Rabbi Gilad Kariv, the executive director of Israel’s

Egyptian election promises uncertainty for ties with U.S., Israel By Ron Kampeas Jewish Telegraphic Agency WASHINGTON (JTA) — The Egyptians stunned even themselves in the vote to elect their next president — and observers are warning that the U.S. and Israel should be ready for continued uncertainty in their relations with Egypt. Two finalists emerged following the roller-coaster first round at the polls last week: Mohammed Morsi, the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, and Ahmed Shafiq, who had been appointed prime minister in 2011 in the final days of the regime of deposed President Hosni Mubarak. Each took less than a quarter of the vote to reach the runoff, with three eliminated candidates splitting most of the remainder. Morsi and Shafiq present strikingly different outlooks for Egypt’s future: Shafiq is stressing

law and order, and at least a partial return to the days of the Mubarak regime. Morsi is promising governance based on Islamic values. The runoff election is set to take place sometime before the end of June. The two finalists — one an erstwhile Mubarak ally, the other a representative of the Islamist movement that was its bitter rival — are expected to make for a polarizing election. For the many Egyptians who supported the revolution against Mubarak but are wary of further empowering the Muslim Brotherhood, the runoff presents a dispiriting choice. But whatever the results of the election, many observers expect that the country will be getting a government more inclined than its predecessors to play to the Egyptian street—a state of affairs that could lead to rockier relations with the United States and Israel. ELECTION on page 20

Reform movement. The Reform movement also has a petition in court to give Reform rabbis in cities the same rights of those in regional council areas. According to Kariv, Tuesday’s decision only gives full-service synagogues with at least 50 affiliated families in regional council areas eligibility for the funding. “There’s no reason to adopt this in the regional councils and not in the cities, and the government knows it,” he said. It’s not clear when the Israeli courts will decide on the Reform movement’s petition, but if the petition is accepted, the change would affect virtually all Conservative and Reform congregations. This week’s announcement followed out-of-court negotiations over a 2005 petition by the Israel Movement for Reform and Progressive Judaism and Rabbi Miri Gold, a Reform rabbi from Kibbutz Gezer in central Israel. Gold had petitioned the state to fund the Gezer Reform community just as it funds Orthodox communities and their leaders. Initially, the government has agreed to fund 15 non-Orthodox rabbis in the regional council areas. But the funding could increase as more Conservative and Reform congregations are established.

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Exploring Spirituality Through Movement PROGRAM FACILITATED BY FANCHON SHUR

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Rabbi Abraham Avnit Athens’ Jewish school, the community’s Celebrates 40 Years jewel, imperiled by Greek economic crisis in the Rabbinate By Gavin Rabinowitz Jewish Telegraphic Agency

ATHENS, Greece (JTA) – When the bell rang, the sixthgraders who had been playing basketball rushed off to a computer class. Their place in the yard at Athens’ Jewish Community School was taken by two dozen giggling 4- and 5-year-olds practicing dance steps for the year-end concert. “One, two, three and turn,” the kindergarten teachers chanted as the kids, wearing yellow caps to protect them from the bright Greek sun, jumped, stepped and

Rabbi Avnit and his wife Navah Avnit Rabbi Abraham M. I. Avnit is celebrating a milestone, as he has been a Rabbi for over 40 years. During his time in the Rabbinate he has explored many facets of Judaism as well as traveled the globe. He is first and foremost a teacher. He has done so much including, Mohel, a Schocet (kosher butcher), a Scribe and Bael Koreh (person who leads prayer or reads from the Torah). Rabbi Avnit was born in Israel to Polish parents, escapees of the Holocaust. His father was his sole inspiration. “My father inspired me with the way he lived his life with kindness and good manners. It really spoke to me and awakened a fire to want to serve God.” He was educated in Israel, where he studied under his father’s guidance and tutelage. He attended several Yeshivas in Givatayim, Tel Aviv, Petach Tikva, Jerusalem and was finally ordained by the chief Rabbi of Givatayim and the chief Rabbinate of Israel. His parents felt it was important for him to have a secular education in addition to becoming a Rabbi. He studied courses in education, medicine, engineering and design drafting. These courses have helped him throughout his life. Rabbi Avnit has practiced all over the world. He was the chief Rabbi of Zimbabwe, he served as the Rabbi of synagogues in South Africa, Australia, Canada and the United States. He also served on Boards and Committees with Interfaith groups. He prides himself on being able to work with other religions. He was a Chaplain on Army bases, hospitals and nursing homes. “It was a once in a life time opportunity. I thought it would be good for myself and my family. And 40 years later I would make the same decision all over again,” said Rabbi Avnit when asked why he chose to become a Rabbi. Forty years is a very long time to serve as a Rabbi and he has accumulated many memories. But when asked to narrow it down to the single greatest

memory or accomplisment Rabbi Avnit responded, “While I was in South Africa I taught many students. My wife and I eventually left and moved first to work in Zimbabwe and then Australia. I remember when we went back to South Africa to visit. We met former students, who were now grown up and had families of their own. Seeing them still following our teachings was so amazing. To know after all those years they still held everything I taught them close to their hearts.” During his time in South Africa he also cultivated his own wine as well as learned more about farming then he thought possible. “I remember the locals would look at my wife and I like we were crazy, when we would milk the cows or squash the grapes with our feet. It was unheard for them to see people in our position doing the work of a servant,” laughed Rabbi Avnit. Eventually after many travels, he and his family settled in Cincinnati. “Despite loving to travel the world and influence others in the way of Hashem, my wife and I fell completely in love with Cincinnati and we decided to stay here. That was 21 years ago.” Rabbi Avnit has been married to his wife Navah for over 45 years. They have five children, three boys and two girls. The oldest Azriel “Ozzie” is married with kids and lives in Israel working as a store manager. Next, Leah Penina lives in Brooklyn and is married with kids. The second daughter Effrat lives in Monsey and is married with children of her own. Gilad or “Gilly” works in New York as a CPA and is married with kids. Finally the youngest Tani lives in Brooklyn and works in the Kashrut industry and learns. Rabbi Avnit currently serves the community of Cincinnati in numerous positions. He is a teacher, a Poesak (someone who interprets the law) and works in Kashrut. As for the future, he is very adamant that it’s simply, “To teach and convey my experiences to the younger generation.”


shimmied through their complex routine. The vibrancy reflects a remarkable renaissance Athens’ lone Jewish school has undergone in the last decade. With an enrollment rate of 70 percent of Athens’ Jewish children, it has a penetration rate that would be the envy of any American Jewish school. The school’s success — which could hold lessons for Jewish schools elsewhere in the Diaspora — has been the result of heavy educational investments, an aggressive recruiting strategy, significant community subsidies, comprehensive busing and an

open-minded enrollment policy for children of intermarried families. But the school is now in peril as Greek Jews struggle through the economic and political turmoil roiling Greece. A few years ago, the Athens Jewish Community School had reached a nadir. Since its founding in 1960, the number of children enrolled had been slowly dropping. By 2002, fewer than 80 students remained, and the leaders of the city’s small Jewish community debated whether their school was even viable anymore. ATHENS on page 22

Was Barak’s call for unilateral action with the Palestinians a trial balloon? By Ben Sales Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA) — Was Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak’s recent suggestion that Israel take “unilateral action” to solve the IsraeliPalestinian conflict a hint at a policy under discussion or just an offthe-cuff remark? And how will the response of others — such as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu — shape the country’s fate in the coming months? “We must aim to discuss all of the core issues, putting an end to the conflict, and an end to mutual claims,” Barak said at the end of a May 30 speech at the Institute for

National Security Studies in Tel Aviv. “If this appears to be impossible, we need to think of an interim agreement, and even unilateral actions.” Netanyahu’s unprecedented 94member governing coalition, he added, gives Israel an “opportunity to advance the peace process.” But Netanyahu’s past statements make such unilateral actions — especially withdrawal from portions of the West Bank and settlement dismantlement — seem unlikely. The Israeli leader consistently has called for direct negotiations without preconditions and he repeated that during his own speech at the institute on the day before Barak’s talk. Last year

Netanyahu called the Palestinian Authority’s unilateral effort to obtain United Nations statehood recognition “an attempt to avoid negotiations that are based on mutual compromise.” President Obama also strongly opposed the Palestinian U.N. statehood bid, and repeatedly has urged Israel and the Palestinian Authority to restart direct negotiations. For his part, as prime minister from 1999 to 2001, Barak engaged in both direct negotiations and unilateral action. In late spring 2000, he unilaterally withdrew Israeli troops from southern Lebanon, ending Israel’s 18-year occupation there — albeit one very different from its occupation of the West Bank.



Israeli, foreign armies share lessons on the future battlefield By B. Davidson JointMedia News Service SHIVTA ARTILLERY BASE, ISRAEL — While the highly publicized Iron Dome provides a defense against missiles and rockets, Israel has more than Gaza on its plate. As the “Arab Spring” raises concerns of instability along the Egyptian border and Iran’s nuclear threat looms, Israel is always thinking a few steps ahead—or more precisely, into the future — when it comes to military technology. Thudding Israeli artillery shells and a dramatic F-16 jet and Apache helicopter-aided tank assault on a mock enemy desert encampment concluded a recent three-day conference on how digitally wired armies can process immense amounts of battlefield data, in real time, in order to win.

Israel Briefs Palestinian assailant stabs Israeli border guard in Hebron JERUSALEM (JTA) — An Israeli border guard was stabbed by a Palestinian assailant near the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron. The border guard was lightly wounded in the head during Monday evening’s attack and taken to the hospital. Another border guard shot the Palestinian assailant in the chest during the attack, seriously wounding him, according to reports. It is unknown if the assailant is a member of a terrorist organization. Monday’s attack came days after an Israeli soldier was killed by a Palestinian gunman that infiltrated the border with Gaza. Ancient coins and jewelry uncovered near Kiryat Gat JERUSALEM (JTA) — Gold and silver coins and jewelry from the second century were uncovered in excavations near Kiryat Gat in southern Israel. The 2,000-year-old hoard was likely hidden by a wealthy family during the Bar Kochba revolt, according to the Israel Antiquities Authority, which announced the find Tuesday. The treasure was discovered during a salvage excavation near Kiryat Gat. The excavation uncovered a building dating to the Roman and Byzantine period. The coins and jewels, which were found in a hole in what was the building’s courtyard, had been wrapped in a cloth, of which trace remains were found.

Courtesy of B. Davidson

An IDF soldier hitches a ride on an “Alfa” transporter heading back to base after taking part in a mock assault on an enemy stronghold at the Shivta Field Artillery Base, in southern Israel, May 24, 2012.

“The ability to connect the systems of the various corps and formations while responding to all the events on the battlefield is critical,” said Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Maj.-Gen. Uzi Moscovici,

speaking May 22 to military representatives of 15 countries at Israel’s 2012 conference on “Air & Land Jointness in a Complex Environment.” “We want to create a common

The Financial Network Group Hires Chief Financial Officer June 1, 2012 (Sycamore Township, OH) — Daniel Littman has joined The Financial Network Group (FNG) in a newly created position as their Chief Financial Officer. Littman joins an organization that is recognized as the #1 wealth advisor in the State of Ohio, and nationally as one of the top 100 financial advisors by Barron’s Magazine, a distinction they’ve held since 2006.* Littman, a Certified Public Accountant, has 30 years of experience in the financial field. He was previously an Audit Manager with an international public accounting firm, Finance Director at a large public corporation, as well as Chief Financial Officer at a regional service and distribution company and at a medical device manufacturer. He has also served as Treasurer of several organizations in the community. Dan will oversee all of the financial and accounting operations at FNG, along with IT, and act as an advisor to the management team on key business decisions. Dan is a graduate of Washington University in St. Louis, where he earned his bachelor’s degree in Business Administration. “We’re excited to have someone with Dan’s talent and breadth of expertise join the FNG management team. We expect his strong financial background and great business insight will be critical elements fueling the next stage of

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our growth strategy,” says Nathan Bachrach, CEO of The Financial Network Group. Littman adds, “I am thrilled to join an organization that has experienced substantial growth as they advance new ways of providing top quality service for all of their clients. I look forward to working with the team as they continue to develop their growth strategy and their extensive service line.” FNG provides comprehensive financial planning and investment services to individual investors and businesses including retirement planning strategies, wealth protection approaches and financial education workshops. FNG is home of Simply Money, the financial news source for FOX19 News, 55KRC and 700WLW, and the Cincinnati Enquirer.

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language between the command and control systems of intelligence, ground forces, the general staff and the air force. Condense it to a single picture,” said Moscovici, who heads the IDF’s Computer Service Directorate, according to the IDF. An “A-list” of Israeli military, strategic and tactical planning officials addressed the delegates, including Minister of Strategic Affairs, Lt.-Gen. (Res.) Moshe Yaalon, Deputy Commander of the Depth Corps, Brig.-Gen. Gal Hirsch, and IDF Deputy Chief of Staff, Maj.-Gen. Yair Naveh. Additionally, U.S. Army Artillery Corps officers and the Polish and Romanian militaries shared their experience and knowledge with the group, organizers said. The final live-fire demonstration May 24, which took place at the Shivta Field Artillery School

deep in the dusty rolling hills of the Negev, was meant to display a distillation of what Israel has learned in efficiently “combining on the battlefield... artillery, the air force, and tanks,” battery commander Cap. Menachem Yefet told JointMedia News Service after the haze of battle cleared and the last crackle of machine gun fire echoed across the tawny plain. Military attaches from the U.S., Great Britain, Poland, Greece, Turkey and Egypt were among the dozens of delegates who watched the mini-battle unfold as they sat beneath camouflage netting on a hilltop reviewing stand. An individual in the American delegation, who requested anonymity, told JointMedia News Service that the event was a good way to share firsthand knowledge and lessons gained from other countries’ fighting experiences.



Eichmann trial anniversary brings prosecutor to face lost childhood By Cnaan Liphshiz Jewish Telegraphic Agency AMSTERDAM (JTA) — Gabriel Bach knew he was Jewish and that the Nazis were a serious threat, but at 13, leaving his new school and home in Amsterdam proved heartwrenching. What if, the boy wondered, he could stay just a few more weeks to finish the academic year? Bach would come to powerfully understand the answer to his query. About two decades later he was the prosecutor in the trial of Adolf Eichmann, the architect of the annihilation of European Jewry. Fifty years ago on May 31, Eichmann was executed in Jerusalem. Bach, 85, completed a series of lectures this month in Germany, Austria, the Netherlands, Belgium and the United States. He was invited to Holland by the country’s watchdog on antiSemitism, the Center of Information and Documentation on Israel, and the Arzi foundation for Dutch Israelis. The Israeli Embassy arranged for him to address 200 jurists and judges of the International Criminal Court at the Peace Palace in the Hague. Bach even managed to swing by his old school in Amsterdam 72 years after leaving. During a visit to the Vossius Gymnasium, Bach recalled his truncated youth in the city. That tragic chapter of Dutch history leapt back to him while

Courtesy of Cnaan Liphshiz

Justice Gabriel Bach, the prosecutor in the trial of Adolf Eichmann, in front of the Vossius Gymnasium in Amsterdam.

reviewing yearbooks in the rector’s office. In Bach’s time at the school, one-third of the 400-member student body was Jewish. Fewer than 10 of them survived the war. The rector, Jan van Muilekom, presented Bach with a small alabaster statue of a fox. Every graduate gets one, the rector explained to the judge and his wife, Ruth. “You have not taken all the final

exams, but I’m pretty confident you would have passed,” he joked. Now a Jerusalem resident, Bach had immigrated to the Netherlands in 1938 from Germany with his family. Two year later they were in Palestine — just weeks before the Nazis invaded Holland. Bach remembered being in the car that would take the family to the train station and then out of Holland. Before it started to move, he leapt out and ran upstairs for his dog, Stompi. “They had to tear him out of my arms,” Bach said in a rare expression of emotions outside his old home on Wagner Street. A savvy jurist, he mostly uses facts, figures and principles of jurisprudence in speaking about the past. Ironically, Bach remembers feeling relieved after making it to Holland from Germany. “We had been detained and frisked in Germany before crossing over to Holland. We then had to run to the train as it was pulling out,” he said. “A German SS officer kicked me in my behind as I was running. I was literally kicked out of Germany.” On the Dutch side of the border, Bach recalled finally releasing his emotions. “The Dutch customs official wasn’t even that nice, he was just correct. But to have someone in uniform address us as human beings … it moved me to tears almost,” he said.

Love for the Bible behind South Koreans’ interest in Israel By Michael Orbach Jewish Telegraphic Agency KFAR MENACHEM, Israel (JTA) — It’s become a mainstay of Saturday nights on the Ben Yehuda Street pedestrian mall in Jerusalem. Between the crowds of Israeli revelers and American teens at the frozen-yogurt shops, a group of Koreans singing hymns vies for attention. It’s one of the most public signs of Israel’s small but growing community of South Koreans, many of whom come to the Holy Land because they are evangelical Christians. Not far from Ben Yehuda, there is a Korean restaurant on nearby Shamai Street and five small Korean churches. “Israel reflects the truth of the Tanach,” Yung Doo, a Korean man in his late 30s who moved to Israel two years ago with his family to pursue a graduate degree in Bible studies, said, using the Hebrew word for Bible. “This is the land of

Courtesy of Dr. Kangkeun Lee

Members of the Korean community in Israel gathered in Kfar Menachem, May 10.

David and Saul.” While official estimates are hard to come by, South Korea’s ambassador to Israel, Ilsoo Kim, estimates that there are about 800 Koreans in about 300 families living in Israel. The number, he said, has been growing in recent years. They mainly

reside around the French Hill and Pisgat Ze’ev neighborhoods in the Jerusalem area. “Many have lived here quite a long time,” Kim said. “This reflects their feelings.” KOREANS on page 20



Kurt Altman and Faye Meisel

Kurt Altman, Murray Guttman, David Wolf

(In the May 31 issue, we ran two photos fr om the Jewish Federation’ s Annual Florida Reunion and incorrectly identified Kurt Altman as Wilbur Cohen. The corrected photos and captions are shown above. We apologize for the error.)

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Mandy Patinkin Concert at the Mayerson JCC

Myles Haffer, Gloria Haffer, Lynne Kanter, Dolly Levine, Robert Kanter

Mark and Marcy Kanter

JCC Board Vice President Marc Fisher, Evelyn Fisher, Mandy Patinkin, Roberta Fisher, Bobby Fisher

Mandy Patinkin, JCC Cultural Arts Manager Courtney Cummings

JCC Board Member Renee Roth, Mandy Patinkin, Eli Roth

Sheryl Mattis, Mandy Patinkin, JCC Board Member Scott Mattis

David Brown, Ellen Harris, Jeanie Messer, JCC Board Member Steve Messer




Members and guests of Isaac M. Wise Temple gathered for a joyous celebration of the Purim holiday on Wednesday, March 7. The evening began with a congregational dinner, hosted by YoFI (Wise Temple’s Young Family Involvement group). In addition to pizza, salad and hamentaschen, participants made their own groggers in anticipation of the Purim Shpiel to follow. Another highlight of this evening was the Children’s Costume Parade, where the kids showed off their festive attire to one another. Allison Moss and Gayle Swift co-chaired this portion of the evening. Following the parade, everyone gathered in the chapel, which was transformed into a grand auditorium. Members of the Wise Temple staff—including the rabbis, educators, administrators and the congregation’s youth choir—regaled the audience with their rendition of “The Megillah According to the Beatles.” The shpiel featured Cantor Deborrah Cannizzaro as Queen Esther, Rabbi Michael Shulman as King Ahasuerus, Rabbi Ilana Baden as Mordecai and Rabbi Lewis Kamrass as Haman. The cast sang Beatles’ favorites, such as “Rabbi Pupik’s only Purim Band,” “Esther-Day” and “Back in the Month of Adar.” Brayden Strunk, Jake Zollet, Matthew Drasnin, Zach Hertzman, Jason Hershenson, Ellie Tito

Ben Hertzman, Tilie Berge, Lilah Ploetz

Elise Kerstine, Maddie Snyder, Evelyn Astafiev-Holmes, Sean Cooper, Isaac Kerstine, Erica Liff, Abby Tito

Phoebe and Emma Silverman

Logan Strunk

Children picking out their prizes

Alex Petty

Ellie Baden, Lena Alpern, Rabbi Ilana Baden, Jessica Alpern

Jenny and Dr. Jay Rissover

Elyse Hertzman, Danielle Hershenson



Exceptional pizza, pasta and divine desserts at Pomodori’s By Sondra Katkin Dining Editor For the pinnacle of pizza perfection, most gourmands agree, a brick oven is de rigueur — can’t do without. According to Tim McLane, owner of Pomodori’s in Montgomery and Clifton, “It combines all the best features of conduction, convection and radiation. It’s so fast, it will cook a slice of chicken quicker than a microwave. It’s magic. Everything you put in it tastes so much better.” In addition to the ovens at the restaurants, he even has what he calls “a gorgeous one,” a brick oven on a mobile unit for catering. From the first bite of the classic Margherita, it surpassed my expectations. Growing up in Philadelphia, I took it for granted that the pizzas would be magnificent because Philly’s huge Italian population demanded a superior product. But the frequent result was the mundane proliferation of the popular pie without the expected taste rewards. Not so at Pomodori’s. With an insistence on high quality ingredients and the experience—opened in 1984—to maximize flavors and textures, this restaurant delivers to your mouth and your door (Clifton). The dough was crisp but supple with a spring and lightness that made you willing to eat the usually neglected circle’s circumference. You would never need a fork — no cracker consistency here. From the appearance of the dish, I could see that the sauce and cheese are not sloshed on — no mini waterfalls or valleys. McLane quipped, “Too much cheese would vulcanize it like a tire.” For his sauce he describes using “different types of tomatoes and pulping them a bit so they still retain their texture.” He added, “My crust is light and delicate and has enough body to still be chewy with bubbles of flavor.” The exact right balance of ingredients makes it possible to taste each one and conveys a lightness that adheres to the American Heart Association’s guidelines. You feel less full so you can eat more or have other courses. With more than 18 pizza choices on the menu, this is a serious selection and calls for several visits. They also offer traditional style pizzas, calzones and a variety of pastas including ravioli, homemade (on the premises). The Clifton location, with its Spanish style architecture, is smaller than the expansive Montgomery building (the same prize-winning architect designed both restaurants). Both display a casual trattoria feel. In Montgomery, you enter a large open dining area with wood framed decor, an exposed brick oven and another dining area brightened with floor to ceiling windows. In Clifton there’s a natural look of exposed brick, tile, large

(Clockwise) Owner Tim McLane in front of bar area (with espresso machine) in Clifton; Arched windows add a vibrant touch to Clifton dining area; Simply wonderful Margherita pizza — multi bene; Apple pizza, dessert to share; Eggplant parmesan — even better than it looks.

arched windows and copper topped tables, enhanced by whimsical murals by local artist, Jeremy Oberly. A charming French antique baker’s sign from the 1860s adds an eye-catching accent. On a previous visit to the Montgomery restaurant, I began my tasting with their Minestrone, pungent with the taste of fresh basil and vegetables, and enough tasty broth to create the comfort factor we want soup to provide. I also enjoyed one of my favorite treats, eggplant parmesan. The pleasure of thickly cut, crispy eggplant, juicy marinara and fresh parmesan was intensified by its homemade pasta base. Nothing compares to the mouth feel of a homemade noodle. McLane noted that they are one of the only places in town to offer this treat—not your ordinary pizza purveyor. It was accompanied by slices of toasted Italian bread which he brings in from Cleveland.

He will go the distance for the superior product. Tim noted, “We want more than edible.” Their salad dressings, including the vibrant tarragon with its fresh herbal intensity, are homemade daily. They have Greek, baby greens, chicken and asparagus, goat cheese and rosemary salads with other choices available. For those who need respite from the pizza parade, you can add chicken to any salad or have one of their appealing assortment of sandwiches such as the meatball sub or the veggie pita pockets. With these choices and the attention to quality and restaurant design, it doesn’t surprise me to read reviews that describe Pomodori’s as upscale, but the prices are not. They compare very favorably to the ubiquitous chains. In addition, they feature desserts that would please the most demanding gourmand (moi). After eating

the Margherita pizza McLane served me, we indulged in their famous apple pizza (voted Best Dessert, Cincinnati Magazine). You wouldn’t think there would be room, ha! When it’s that good, with the classic combination of apples and cinnamon streusel, and ricotta cheese, and apricot jam and that magic crust behaving just like fresh Danish — you bet there’s room! Can you believe there was more? I then beheld tiramisu. And yes, I could still appreciate it because it wasn’t like any I’d tasted (there are so many versions to pucker up and plow through—no penance). So light, I would describe it as a mousse with the flavors of Frangelica (hazelnut), dark rum, cinnamon, vanilla and mascarpone cheese with lady fingers from France centered in the exquisitely flavored, frappe-like confection. If that’s not enough, Avi Bear makes their lava cake. I

have tasted some of that talented chef’s offerings; they never disappoint and are definitely gourmet quality. In Montgomery, they have gelato “made with the correct machine and the best ingredients,” according to McLane. Espresso is also available at both locations. Pomodori’s serves four beers on tap with a wide selection of domestic and imported bottles. They have very reasonably priced house wines with flavor descriptions that will calm a quaffer’s qualms. Off street parking is available at both venues. Their hours are 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., Sunday to Thursday; 11 to 12 a.m. on Friday and Saturday. Pomodori’s 101 West McMillan Cincinnati, OH 45219 513-861-0080 7800 Remington Road Cincinnati, OH 45240 513-794-0080



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Etiquette and ethics

“Does one bring raw food to a mortal king,” they argued, “and only then cook it before him? One, rather, brings it in already hot and steaming!” Not that they didn’t claim a textual “basis” for their innovation. The Torah, they pointed out, counts the seven weeks from Pesach to Shavuos from “the day following ‘the Shabbos’” — which, at least on its face, seems to imply that the count begins on a Sunday, rendering Shavuos, invariably, on a Sunday too. Despite the Tzadukim’s scriptural ammunition, though, the Gemara (Menachos 65b) explains that their motivation was their sense of propriety — it just seemed… proper that Jews be able to enjoy two days in a row of rest. But Torah is more than the Written Law. Indispensable is the Torah Shebe’al Peh, the Oral Law, to which the Perushim, the other Jewish denomination of the time, remained faithful. “An eye for an eye,” according to the Torah Shebe’al Peh, is not intended literally (but refers, rather, to monetary compensation); just as the very meanings of “totafos” and “zivu’ach” (what we call tefillin and shechita, respectively) are unknown without the Oral Law. Likewise, the word “Shabbos” in the phrase “the day following the Shabbos,” does not mean what its simple reading might seem to say, according to

This column was first published in Ami Magazine.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Do you have something to say? E-mail your letter to

Dear Editor, I believe a few years ago, The Israelite stated that they would no longer print “Letters To The Editor” that were not signed. It appears that the policy was changed. I could see signing “Name Held By Request” where there could be the threat of retaliation. Signing “Anonymous” gives no credence to the letter. “No guts, no glory.” Steve Coppel Cincinnati, OH Publisher’s note: Dear Steve, You are correct. The policy is still in place. When I read the letter, I edited it for content and then wrote on it because of their request — Name withheld upon request — but it was later changed by one of the assistant editors to “Anonymous” without my approval. These things do happen from time to time. Thanks for being an avid reader. Netanel (Ted) Deutsch Publisher Dear Editor, For as long as I can remember, I have been fascinated with 20th century Jewish history. I have read countless books, fiction and non-fiction, about the period

that includes shtetl life, the Shoah, and the development of Israel. With great thanks to Ken, I have just had the opportunity for it all to “come to life” by participating in the “March of the Living” in Poland and Israel. Now, in its 25th year, the MOL program brings thousands of young people from around the world together on Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) at AuschwitzBirkenau to honor the memory of the victims of the Holocaust and to pledge to build a better world for all mankind. After a week in Poland, the program continues in Israel to celebrate Yom Haatzmaut (Israel Independence Day) in the most meaningful, joyful way by singing and dancing and marching together to the WesternWall, as a show of our pride and connection to our Jewish homeland. We traveled with the International Adult delegation which followed a parallel, but separate program, coming together with the teens for the two marches. The trip was an educational and emotional journey, one that far surpassed even my high expectations, and truly a lifechanger. I returned home with a new sense of myself, my people, and my history. I’ve traveled the world learning about the culture and history of different countries; this time, it resonated loudly because it was about me and my people. I treasure the opportunity to gain deeper understanding of how the destruction of European

Jewry was possible and to pay tribute to the 6,000,000 Jews who were so cruelly murdered by the Nazis. They died with the hope that Judaism would not perish, that Jews would survive to continue their legacy and heritage. On Yom Hashoah, we marched through Auschwitz with Israeli flags. In genocide, the systematic destruction of an ethnic group, there are no bodies or graves, just memories. We marched to honor and keep those memories alive and to show their hopes were realized. It was a day of solemnity but also of pride. Some ask, “Why spend time and money to dredge up such misery?” The answer is that the trip was not only about anguish but about belief, courage, and triumph. The purpose was not to wallow in the horrific events of the past but to gain firsthand knowledge of history, its effect on today’s world, and to bear witness to the undying spirit of the Jewish people. It was intellectually stimulating, as we returned with many answers but more questions. It was challenging, as we pondered our own courageousness and how we might have reacted. It was unsettling, as we questioned why America and the Allies stayed silent and did little. It created a greater awareness of genocide in today’s world (eg, Rwanda, Darfur) and the need for action against it. LETTERS on page 19

T EST Y OUR T ORAH KNOWLEDGE THIS WEEK’S PORTION: BEHALOSCHA (BAMIDBAR 8:1—12:12) 1. Who lit the Menorah in the Bait Hamikdash? a.) Kohen or priest b.) Levi c.) Anybody 2. What material was the Menorah made from? a.) Gold b.) Silver c.) Any material 3. When was the Menorah lit in the Bait Hamikdash? a.) In the morning b.) In the evening c.) It was always lit. Ner Tamid 2. A 8:4 Gold was beautify and elevate the house of Hashem. R Bchai 3. B Shmot 30:8 4. C Shmot 40:22-24 5. B. C

This year, the first day of Shavuos fell on a Sunday. Were there any Tzadukim and Baitusim still around today, they would have been happy. Because those rejecters of the mesorah contended that Shavuos should always be on a Sunday. That is because those groups, who together comprised one of the two major factions of Jews during the time of the Bayis Sheni, asserted that it would be nice to have two consecutive days of rest and feasting: Shabbos and then the single day of Shavuos observed in Eretz Yisroel.

the Torah Shebe’al Peh. “Shabbos,” in that phrase, our mesorah teaches us, refers to the first day of Pesach is, so that the counting commences on the following day, whatever day of the week it might happen to be. Thus, Shavuos can theoretically fall on any day. (Our fixed calendar limits the days on which it can fall, but that’s another story; and why the first day of Pesach is called “Shabbos,” another one still.) The Perushim stood strong in defending the Torah Shebe’al Peh, and persevered. And so today we celebrate Shavuos on the 50th day counting from the second day of Pesach, whatever day of the week it may be. This year, it just happened to be Sunday. There’s a pattern to the Tzaduki approach to Torah. The group also advocated an “appropriateness” change in the Beis Hamikdosh service at the crescendo of the holiest day of the Jewish year, Yom Kippur. The Torah Shebe’al Peh prescribes that when the Cohein Gadol enters the holiest place on earth, the Kodesh Hakodoshim on that day, the incense brought there be set alight after the Cohein enters the room. The Tzadukim said that that didn’t seem right, and contended that it be lit beforehand. “Does one bring raw food to a mortal king,” they argued, “and only then cook it before him? One, rather, brings it in already hot and steaming!” Although here, too, they mustered scriptural “support,” the Tzadukim’s true motivation, the Gemara explains, was what they considered to be proper. Placing “propriety,” or mortal etiquette, above the received truths of the mesorah stands, as it happens, in stark opposition to the stance our forebears declared at Har Sinai: “Na’aseh v’nishma” — “We will do and we will hear.” That stance defines our very peoplehood — and is the central message of Shavuos: that we accept Hashem’s will even amid a lack of “hearing,” or understanding, even if it is not our own will, even if we feel we have a better idea. The contemporary world has high priests of its own, among them “ethicists” who lay claim to being the best arbiters of what is proper and good. Such hubris is ancient and inevitable. It can even affect some of us observant Jews, leading us to think we know better than the true links to the mesorah, the Gedolim in our midst. But it is, in the end, the polar opposite of what Shavuos stands for, of the foundational principle of Jewish belief.

4. Where was the Menorah in the Bait Hamikdash a.) At the entrance b.) Next to the altar c.) Opposite the table with the showbread 5. How is the Menorah in the Bait Hamikdash different from the menorah used on Chanukah? a.) Same b.) The Menorah in the Temple had seven lights and on Chanukah we have 8 lights plus a Shamash c.) The Menorah in the Temple used only olive oil and any oil that lights well is good on Chanukah ANSWERS 1. A 8:2 Aaron and his sons did not participate in the dedication of the Tabernacle in the desert, however, Hashem made it up to him, by his descendants rededicating the Second Temple with the story of Chanukah. Ramban

By Rabbi Avi Shafran Contributing Columnist

Written by Rabbi Dov Aaron Wise



Sedra of the Week

by Rabbi Shlomo Riskin Efrat, Israel - The Jewish people seemed poised for entry into the Promised Land when suddenly; “The nation became a group of ‘kvetchers’ complaining evilly in the ears of the Lord…. saying ‘who will feed us meat? Remember the fish which we ate in Egypt for free, the cucumbers, the watermelons, the onions and the garlic’” (Numbers 11:1, 4, 5). The degeneration continues, Moses cries out to G-d that he has no meat to give the nation and that he can no longer bear the burden of leading them. The Divine response is to tell Moses to gather 70 men from among the elders of Israel who will help bear the burden and upon whom the spirit of the Lord will rest (11:16,17). Why are the Jews so vexed and unsettled and how does God’s response alleviate their feelings? They want meat and God tells Moses to give them 70 rabbis! After all of the miracles of the Exodus, it’s difficult to understand the disillusionment of the Israelites and even more difficult to understand the solution offered by God. I believe that the subtext of this trialogue between the Israelites, Moses and God is that Moses is now being confronted by a new generation, by the youth who left Egypt and are now maturing into adulthood. This new generation has different needs and expectations from their parents. Each generation requires its own teachers; each generation has its own dreams, needs and vision. The adults who left Egypt with Moses required a Rav; their children who were now growing to maturity required a Rebbe. It has often been said that the difference between a Rav and a Rebbe is that when a Rav chastises, everyone thinks he is speaking to their neighbor, whereas when a Rebbe chastises everyone feels that he is speaking personally to them. I believe there is another difference which emanates from this one. A Rav speaks with the voice of tradition and conveys the words of God to the entire nation, giving a message which expresses the vision of our eternal Torah for


Why are the Jews so vexed and unsettled and how does God’s response alleviate their feelings? They want meat and God tells Moses to give them 70 rabbis! After all of the miracles of the Exodus, it’s difficult to understand the disillusionment of the Israelites and even more difficult to understand the solution offered by God. all generations. A Rebbe speaks personally to every individual, taking the eternal message of God and making it relevant to their needs. The Rav speaks to the generation; the Rebbe speaks to the individual in each generation. Moses was an exulted prophet who came to the Israelites from the faraway palace of Pharaoh. He continued to lead them from the Tent of the Divine Meeting three parasangs (about 10.5 miles) from the encampment of the Israelites. Moses did not speak to the Israelites with his own voice since “he was heavy of speech and of uncircumcised tongue.” He thundered with the voice of God presenting the Divine message of freedom and responsibility. His power which emanated from the Divine enabled him to unite the nation and imbue them with the confidence to follow him and God into the barren desert. Moses came from the distance and looked out into the distance. He was a ro’eh (with an aleph); a lofty and majestic seer. Now, that the Jews had collectively left the land of oppression, followed their seer into the desert and were about to begin a new life in the Promised Land, they had to put the general and elusive notion of national freedom into personal perspective. Each individual had to understand how to utilize the gift of freedom to find their individual purpose and their individual expression within the context of God’s land and God’s Torah. Each individual had to find their own instrument within the divine symphony orchestra. For this, they required an individual pastor (ro’eh with an ayen and not an aleph). They could not articulate this need because they didn’t quite understand it. They thought their discom-

fort stemmed from boredom with the uniform, daily manna. That’s why they were not even sure which food they wanted; meat, watermelon, leeks or garlic. What they really needed was individual nourishment for their souls. At first, Moses too did not understand what they needed and so, when he sent out the scouts to tour the land and inspire the people with its bounty, he told them “strengthen yourselves and take the fruit of the land” and bring back luscious grapes. Ultimately, Moses understands this new generation requires a personalized Rebbe rather than a God – imbued Rav. This was a trait which one as close to God as Moses did not have the wherewithal to develop. His closeness to God and eternity conflicted with their immediate individual needs. Moses recognizes that this new generation requires a new leader: “Let the Lord God of the differing spirits of the various flesh and blood human beings appoint a leader over the congregation, one who will take them out and bring them in, so that the congregation of the Lord not be like sheep without a shepherd” (Numbers 27:16). Joshua was a very different type of leader to Moses, a great scholar and prophet, but also a man of the people. This made him the right person to bring this generation into the Promised Land. They had cried out for meat but what they really needed were rabbis: leaders, who would prophesy from within the encampment rather than from the distant Tent of Meeting where God resided. They needed a Rebbe. Shabbat Shalom Rabbi Shlomo Riskin Chancellor Ohr Torah Stone Chief Rabbi — Efrat Israel












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By Nate Bloom Contributing Columnist TONY TIME The Tony Awards, for excellence in the Broadway theater, are being presented live on Sunday, June 10, at 8 p.m. on CBS. The high number of Jewish nominees prevents me from giving much bio detail. Here are the Jewish nominees and “related people” in all but the technical categories: Best Play: “Other Desert Cities” by JON ROBIN BAITZ, 50, and “Peter and the Starcatcher,” by RICK ELICE, 55; Best Musical: “Leap of Faith,” by ALAN MENKEN, 62 (music) and GLENN SLATER, 44 (lyrics); and “Newsies,” Menken (music) and JACK FELDMAN (lyrics); and “Nice Work if You Can Get It,” this show weaves a new plot around classic songs by the late IRA and GEORGE GERSHWIN. Best revival of a play: “Death of a Salesman” by the late ARTHUR MILLER. Best revival of a musical: “Follies” by (words/music) STEPHEN SONDHEIM, 82; and “Porgy and Bess,” by the Gershwin brothers; Best original score written for the theater: “Bonnie and Clyde,” by FRANK WILDHORN, 55 (music) and DON BLACK, 74 (lyrics); and “Newsies” (see above); and “Peter and the Starcatcher,” lyrics by Elice. Best book of a musical: “Newsies,” HARVEY FIERSTEIN, 59. Best leading actress in a play: LINDA LAVIN, 74, “The Lyons,” a play about a Jewish family (penned by NICKY SILVER, 52). Best featured actress in a play: JUDITH LIGHT, 63, “Other Desert Cities.” Best featured actor in a play: ANDREW GARFIELD, 28, “Death of a Salesman” and JEREMY SHAMOS, 42, “Clybourne Park.” Best leading actor in a musical: DANNY BURSTEIN, 47, “Follies.” Best featured actress in a musical: JUDY KAYE, 63, “Nice Work If You Can Get It.” Best featured actor in a musical, JOSH YOUNG, 31, “Jesus Christ Superstar.” Here are just a few notes of interest: Don Black, a British landsman, has been penning hit song lyrics since the ‘60s, his tunes include the Oscar-winning “Born Free”; Andrew Garfield is also a Brit (with an American mother). Next month he’ll star in the “reboot” of the Spider-Man movie franchise; Last year, “Playbill” asked Glenn Slater about his religious background because he wrote the lyrics for “Sister Act,” the mega-hit musical about nuns. He replied: “I’m Jewish. This is a show about nuns in which two of the book writers — and the com-



poser [Menken], and the lyricist, and the director — were all Jewish. [Laughs.] So we bring a slightly skewed point of view.”; Phillip Seymour Hoffman is very likely to win the Tony for best actor (Willy Loman in “Salesman”). On May 18, the NY Times ran an in-depth article (“Is Willy Loman Jewish?”) that addressed this long-standing question or debate. NEW FLICKS “Peace, Love & Misunderstanding” is a comedy/drama co-starring Jane Fonda and Catherine Keener. The plot: Diane (Keener) is a conservative NYC lawyer who needs a refuge after her husband asks for a divorce. She flees to the farmhouse of Grace (Fonda), her long estranged hippie mother. Her mother’s freethinking lifestyle hasn’t changed and that upsets Diane. Nonetheless, the reunion forces Grace, Diane, and Diane’s two children to find peace with each other. Diane’s kids are played by Elizabeth Olson and NAT WOLFF, 17. Wolff is most famous for co-starring, with his brother, ALEX, now 14, in the hit Nickelodeon TV series, “The Naked Brothers Band.” The brothers are the sons of MICHAEL WOLFF, 59, a jazz pianist, and actress Polly Draper (“thirtysomething”). (Opens Friday, June 8.) Also opening on June 8 is the animated film, “Madagascar 3,” the third installment in the series about escaped zoo animals. Once again, the animals are trying to get back to their home in New York City — and once again, major voice roles are performed by DAVID SCHWIMMER, BEN STILLER and SACHA BARON COHEN. One change —this film is in 3-D. THE TIMES ARE ‘CHANGIN’ BOB DYLAN, 71, has always said that he was not a political songwriter. Nonetheless, his biographers have noted that if Dylan had one gut-level, fierce political view — it was his opposition to racism. So, even though he hardly said a word, and wore his sunglasses throughout the ceremony, Dylan was almost certainly pleased that it was Barack Obama, the country’s first AfricanAmerican president, who presented him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in a White House ceremony held on May 29. The president said at the ceremony that “there is not a bigger giant in the history of American music” and that he remembered his world “opening up” when he listened to Dylan in college, “because he captured something about this country that was so vital.”

FROM THE PAGES 150 Y EARS A GO The ancient Israelites said “Truth is the seal of God.” The most deplorable miseries that befell mankind originated in religious fictions, errors and fanaticism. Truth is conciliatory and humanizing, error and fiction engender egotism, blindfold and fanaticize man against the merits and arguments of his neighbor. — July 4, 1862

125 Y EARS A GO Mr. and Mrs. Moses Hollender, of Columbus, O., leave for Europe on the 25th to visit relatives and friends. They will remain abroad two months. A good story is told of a prominent Cincinnati young lady who was in attendance on the Myer-Rosenthal wedding in Indianapolis, Ind. On a prominent street corner stands an old street car minus wheels, etc., which is used to shelter passengers who transfer from car to another. The young lady in question entered this “transfer car” and for a long half-hour waited patiently for the car to move. People came and went and still the car failed to move. Only the timely interference of a car conductor saved the young lady from spending the entire afternoon in the “transfer.” Mr. Joseph Weil, one of the oldest and most respected citizens of this city, died suddenly of paralysis at 12:10 o’clock, on Monday last, at his residence, 290 West Sixth Street. Deceased was in his 61st year, and in apparently excellent health. This sudden blow deprives a devoted wife and family of an exemplary husband and father. In lodge and charitable circles he was always a prominent figure, and numbered his friends by the thousands. He was actively engaged in business up until the hour of his death. The sympathy of the community is with the bereaved family. — June 10, 1887

100 Y EARS A GO Last Saturday the University of Cincinnati conferred upon Miss Frances Kohnky, a co-religionist, the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Miss Kohnky is the first woman upon whom that Degree was conferred by the University. She was born and has resided all her lifetime in this city, and from an early age has been engaged as a teacher in our public schools. She has been graduated from Hughes High School, the Cincinnati Normal School, the University of Cincinnati, with the A.B. degree, and afterwards obtained the Post-graduate Degree of A.M. She has studied at the Graduate College of the University of Cincinnati in its Physiological and Psychological Departments. She intends to spend this coming Summer in studying at Columbia

College in the Department of Psychology. She taught drawing at our High Schools, which she afterwards abandoned for the purpose of giving instruction in the same schools in mathematics. The Degree of Doctor of Philosophy was conferred upon her for research work in psychology and in mathematics. Her thesis was “The Subjective Element in Mysticism.” The aim of the thesis as set forth in the preface is not to find an ultimate truth but to discover the field in which such truth lies hidden. This field is “subjective experience.” — June 6, 1912

75 Y EARS A GO Dr. Philip D. Bookstaber of Temple Ohav Shalom of this city received the honorary doctorate of literature Monday, June 7th, at Gettysburg College (Lutheran). The citation included recognition of his services to city, state and nation in behalf of youth and his good will and social welfare efforts. Dr. Bookstaber graduated at the Hebrew Union College in 1924. Mrs. Bert Harris, of Miami Beach, Fla., is in Cincinnati. For the eighth consecutive year, Willis D. Gradison was elected Tuesday, June 8th, as president of the Cincinnati Stock Exchange. This is a new record for service in this office. Mr. Gradison is serving his second term in City Council. Sidney D. Spritz was announced as a member of the Auditing and trading Committee. Dr. Ruth Bernheim, until recently of New York City and now of 6816 Hamilton Avenue, North College Hill, will sail Wednesday July 7th on the S.S. Queen Mary with Mrs. Henry Morganthau Sr., of New York City. They will attend the Salzburg Music Festival and spend some time in Paris. — June 10, 1937

50 Y EARS A GO Adolf Eichmann was hanged at Ramle, Israel, Thursday midnight, May 31, for his part in sending millions of Jews to their deaths in Nazi camps during World War II. Trustees of the Robert S. Marx Testamentary Trust will give the University of Cincinnati $400,000 “to be used solely and exclusively for the construction of a library building ajoining the present College of Law building” on the UC campus. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Stern, 1653 Summit Road, announce the forthcoming Bar Mitzvah of their son, David, Saturday June 23, at 9 a.m. at Roselawn Synagogue. Friends and relatives are invited to worship with the family and to attend the kiddush following the services. David is the grandson of Mrs. Gertrude Pilder. Dr. and Mrs. M.S. Osher, 6670 Glen Acres Drive, announce the

forthcoming Bar Mitzvah of their son, Robert Henry, Saturday June 16, at 10:45 a.m. at Wise Center. Friends and relatives are invited to attend the kiddush following the ceremony. Robert is the grandson of the late Mr. and Mrs. Sam Oscherwitz, and the late Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Pollack of St. Louis. — June 7, 1962

25 Y EARS A GO When Cincinnati Mayor Charles Luken wants to call someone, usually the call will go through. But that was not the case when Luken attempted to phone Soviet refuseniks Yivgeny, Rimma and Sasha Yakir on Monday, June 1. The phone call, which originated from Luken’s mayoral office in City Hall, was to coincide with International Children’s Day. Also present were Rabbi Abie Ingber, director of the Hillel Jewish Student Center of the University of Cincinnati; Sandy Spinner, chairman of the Cincinnati Council of Soviet Jews; Joanne Sudman, president of CCSJ; Edie Solomon; attorney John Cobey, and JoEllyn Davidoff. The week of May 25 was dedicated to Vietnam Veterans. Rabbi Robert L. Reiner, who was the first Jewish chaplain to serve with the U.S. Marine Corps, spoke to fourth, fifth and sixth graders about his service as a chaplain. Reiner is the father of Rachel Reiner, a student in Yavneh’s sixth grade. — June 1 1, 1987

10 Y EARS A GO Neil Bortz, Chad Wick and Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth will receive the 10th annual Peace of the City Award from the Jewish Federation of Cincinnati and the Jewish Community Relations Council at its annual luncheon July 1 in the Hall of Mirrors at the Hilton Cincinnati Netherland Plaza Hotel. The awards are presented annually to men and women who are active in their community and are dedicated to creating a fair, equitable and just society for all. The following were installed May 18 as new officers for the Cincinnati chapter of Alpha Omega Dental Fraternity: Dr. Richard Shapiro, international president; Dr. Randy Sandow, president; Dr. Ben Kaseff, vice president; Dr. Rick Silverman, treasurer and secretary; and Dr. Michael Carl, past president. Alpha Omega, a Jewish dental fraternity, is the second largest international organization in the world. Through the Alpha Omega Foundation, grants have been distributed to numerous causes throughout the world, including major support for the two Jewish dental schools in Israel. — June 6, 2002



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B’NAI TZEDEK from page 5 where he fought in the Israeli War of Independence. Later on, he pursued his passion for art and became a teacher in Israel. In 1968, he came to Cincinnati to teach and later opened Modern Art Jewelry. A founder of Summerfair, his jewelry art designs have won hundreds of awards. He created commissioned works of art for the Kennedy Art Center, the Cincinnati Art Museum and for Miss Universe winners, among others. LETTERS from page 16 Yes, we spoke a lot about evilness and the unspeakable horrors man can inflict on man, but we also heard so many accounts about kindness and goodness in people. Through our interactions with survivors and the “Righteous Among the Nations,” non-Jews who risked their lives and the lives of their families to save Jews, new meaning came to the words “courage” and “goodness.” Through testimonials and chronicles, we looked into the minds of the cast of characters on a tragic stage — the Nazi policy makers and henchmen who carried it out, the partisans and ghetto fighters, the innocent Jews who believed the Germans’ lies, the terrified bystanders, the collaborators, the rescuers. We learned about the rich cultural heritage of the Jews in Poland and the resurgence of Jewish life in Warsaw. After a week in Poland of mourning the richness and anguish of our past, we boarded an El Al flight and traveled from darkness into light. We landed in Eretz Yisrael, in time to celebrate her birthday, awakened to a passion for a deeper personal attachment to Israel and its importance as the Jewish state, the hope of our future. On Yom Haatzmaut, we marched to the Western Wall with Jewish flags to celebrate the 64th anniversary of our Jewish homeland. It was a day to sing and dance. We spent 10 days in Israel, not enough, and are ready to go back. Twice, I was in Israel, for a month each time, but it was so long ago. I have renewed my friendship with Israel and my old Zionist feelings; I plan to return when I can and to give support however and whenever I can. “Unforgettable?” “Life-chang-


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Up to 24 hour care Meal Preparation Errands/Shopping Hygiene Assistance Light Housekeeping

(513) 531-9600 Aaron also designed the Ner Tamid and Ark crown for the bimah at Congregation B’nai Tzedek. The three honorees will be called to the Torah at a special Minchah service beginning Saturday afternoon at 4:30 p.m. All are invited to join in the observance of the second life bar mitzvah for these remarkable men. Wine and hors d’oeuvres reception will follow to celebrate the longevity, the successful careers and the commitment to Judaism of Jack, Bob and Aaron. ing?” Yes and yes. I return with a deeper understanding of history and my place in it. I have greater than ever pride in my Jewishness, of being part of a people who have accomplished so much, who have outlived everyone who tried to destroy them and had such a spectacular rise from the ashes over and over in the last 2,000 years, who so value education and humanitarian values. I have a heightened awareness of genocide in today’s world and what must be done about it. My feeling of being an “American Jew,” rather than a “Jewish American,” has exponentially increased, and I feel a strong kinship with Jews all over the world, regardless of where they live or how they observe.

Sandy Baden, Ken Germain, Lois Germain

It’s hard to explain the essence of this unforgettable journey or how deeply it permeated our thoughts and our souls, so I wrote about what we actually did on the trip. I wrote it for you, but as I wrote, it became my journal. It is very long and may hold little interest for you, but it is yours to read if you want — all, none, or just the parts that appeal to you. I took pen to paper (more like fingers to the keyboard), and this is what came out. Lois Germain Cincinnati, OH

20 • LEGAL


Turf war on counting provisional ballots Legally Speaking

by Marianna Bettman It’s official — Tracie Hunter won the 2010 Hamilton County Juvenile Court election by 74 votes. Before the nearly 300 disputed provisional ballots were finally counted, Hunter was behind by 23 votes, so the protracted litigation paid off for her. But please don’t think the challenge to the counting of provisional ballots cast in the right polling place but wrong precinct because of poll worker error has gone away. Far from it. That issue is still on appeal in the Hunter case to the federal Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals. And here’s another line of attack that didn’t get much publicity in the local press. On April 18, Tom Niehaus, president of the Ohio Senate, and Lou Blessing, a State Representative and Speaker Pro Tem, filed an original action in mandamus in the Supreme Court of Ohio against Secretary of State Jon SHAREHOLDERS from page 6 According to Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics, 34,000 mostly Arab Christians lived in Israel in 1949, and by 2009 that number rose to 122,000. Far from oppressing Christians, Israel provides a safe haven for them, according to Carol Greenwald, a CAMERA board member who spoke at the CBS meeting. The “60 Minutes” segment “apparently sought to undermine Christian support of Israel in the U.S,” she told JointMedia News Service. The statement describing ELECTION from page 7 “The individual result is probably not dispositive to U.S.Egyptian bilateral relations or relations with Israel,” said Michael Wahid Hanna, a fellow at the Century Foundation, a think tank based in New York. “Those relations are going to change regardless because public opinion matters as it didn’t in the past.” As an example, Hanna cited Egypt’s non-interference during Israel’s 2009 war with Hamas in the Gaza Strip, to the extent of maintaining strict controls on the Gaza-Egypt border.

Husted challenging the NEOCH Consent Decree. This Decree, entered into April 19, 2010 in federal court in Columbus by the Northeast Coalition for the Homeless, the Ohio Democratic Party and then Secretary of State Jennifer Brunner was to settle a lawsuit (originally filed against Secretary of State Kenneth Blackwell) challenging the Ohio Voter ID laws and Provisional voting laws. Plaintiffs claimed these laws disenfranchised homeless and poor voters who could not afford a state issued ID. Among other things, the NEOCH Consent Decree prohibits county boards of elections from rejecting provisional ballots cast by voters who use the last four digits of their social security numbers as identification if the voter cast his or her provisional ballot in the wrong precinct, but in the correct polling place, for reasons attributable to poll worker error. In their mandamus action in the Ohio Supreme Court, Niehaus and Blessing argued that the rules for investigating provisional ballots under the NEOCH Consent Decree are contrary to state election law, improperly amend state election law, and exceed the authority of the Secretary of State to implement. They asked the Ohio Supreme Court to order Secretary Husted to rescind all directives ordering the implementation of these challenged aspects of the Consent Decree.

Something similar to this was attempted in Tracie Hunter’s case. John Painter, a local tea party activist, along with candidate John Williams, also filed a mandamus action in the Ohio Supreme Court asking the Court to order then Secretary Brunner to rescind certain directives ordering the investigation of poll worker error in regard to provisional ballots cast in the right polling place but wrong precinct. The common theme in both these actions is to stop the counting of provisional ballots cast in the right polling place but wrong precinct, even if the reason was poll worker error. The mandamus action in the Hunter case was resolved, however, without warfare between the Ohio Supreme Court and Judge Susan Dlott, the judge who presided over the Hunter case in federal court. The challenge to the NEOCH consent decree was resolved differently. On May 8, the plaintiffs in the NEOCH matter filed a motion in federal district court in Columbus, asking Judge Algenon Marbley, who presided over the NEOCH Consent Decree there, to enjoin (meaning to stop) the mandamus action in the Ohio Supreme Court. On May 10, Judge Marbley did exactly that. He ordered Sen. Niehaus and Rep. Blessing to dismiss their mandamus action or show cause why they should not be held in contempt of court. It’s an interesting question by what authority a federal judge can

order anyone to dismiss a case in a state supreme court, and Judge Marbley wrote a fascinating opinion justifying his action. Judge Marbley characterized the primary purpose of the mandamus action as a move to “compel the Secretary [of state] to disobey this Court’s orders pursuant to the Consent Decree.” That’s strong language, believe me. He also found that the two legislators had filed the mandamus action in their official capacities as members of the Ohio General Assembly and as agents of the state of Ohio. Since the State of Ohio is a party to and bound by the terms of the NEOCH Consent Decree, so are the two legislators. Taking things a step further, Judge Marbley ruled that even if the legislators weren’t parties, the All Writs Act, (which was originally part of the Judiciary Act of 1789) gave him the authority to bind nonparties to prevent the frustration of the NEOCH Consent Decree. “Simply because Relators (Niehaus and Blessing) now find their particular individual interests to be in conflict with certain provisions of the Consent Decree does not magically release them from its terms; otherwise, entering the decree would have had no purpose,” Marbley wrote. “The practical effect of the Relators’ action is to frustrate this Court’s final judgment from being carried out, and the All Writs Acts allows the Court to

enjoin the Relators from proceeding with it.” And he chided the legislators for not invoking one of the specific provisions of the NEOCH Consent Decree which provides a mechanism for any party to it to challenge its terms, instead of filing the mandamus action. In a far more conciliatory tone, Judge Marbley made it clear that his ruling was not a challenge to the authority of the Ohio Supreme Court to decide Ohio law, but was only a “limited intrusion into the Ohio Supreme Court proceedings necessitated by the Relators’ prior commitments in this Court.” An injunction was necessary in this case because the Secretary of State simply cannot obey “conflicting orders on how to direct the Board of Elections.” Also explaining why the extraordinary remedy of injunction was necessary in this case, Marbley wrote, “Conflicting orders to the Secretary [of state] from the Ohio Supreme Court would not only undermine the jurisdiction of this Court, but would further confuse an already well-muddied electoral landscape in these critical months leading up to a Presidential Election.” On May 11, the two legislators did dismiss their Ohio Supreme Court mandamus action. But I wouldn’t be surprised if they filed an appeal from Judge Marbley’s order giving them the “choice” of dismissing the case or being held in contempt of court if they didn’t.

the “little town where Christ was born” as an “open air prison” was truly incendiary, Greenwald said. CAMERA owns shares of CBS stock. At the meeting, Greenwald and other CAMERA representatives sought to confirm that CBS News has an official policy of correcting errors on air. Since part of the meeting’s agenda was the election of directors, Greenwald got up and said that as a shareholder, she needed to know the position of each director on that policy issue. Les Moonves, the network’s president, interjected that he knew the CAMERA board members had a

problem with “60 Minutes,” but pointed out that it is an award-winning program. Greenwald added that she was not addressing “60 Minutes,” but raising a question about the network’s adherence to a key ethical standard. Greenwald was then told she would receive an answer in writing. The network’s general counsel said at the shareholders meeting that the “60 Minutes” segment received only 476 comments, and that half of them were positive. However, Christians United for Israel (CUFI) and the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (JCPA)

identified about 33,000 complaints generated by their organizations, including at least 30,000 from CUFI members. Greenwald said that the CBS general counsel and its board should be concerned if CBS News management is giving them false information. CAMERA board members also submitted written material documenting Muslim persecution of Christians in the region, as well as copies of CAMERA Executive Director Andrea Levin’s letter to the head of CBS News, Jeffrey Fager, calling for corrections of errors in the segment.

“The overarching message of the segment — that Israel is the source and cause of Christian misfortune and decline in the Holy Land — was false on many levels and suffered, in our estimation, from a striking unwillingness on the part of the segment professionals to grapple forthrightly with the full realities of an important story,” Levin wrote in the letter. The CBS network did not respond to a request for comment from JointMedia News Service. “I do believe the board was listening [at the shareholders meeting],” Greenwald said.

“The government will not be able to take an affirmative role in terms of buttressing Israeli policy in relationship to Hamas,” he said. “The knock-on effect would be massive protests in the streets.” Even Shafiq, the candidate better known to the West and with an established relationship with Israeli and U.S. interlocutors, would not be able to resist populist suspicion of Israel, said David Schenker, a senior analyst at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Under Morsi, the 1979 Camp David Accords with Israel are likely to come under review, he predicted.

KOREANS from page 10

“There is no place in the world like Jerusalem,” said Kyung, who calls herself Hannah, after the mother of the biblical Samuel, and peppers her speech with quotations from the Bible. “He who blesses the children of Abraham will be blessed and he who curses Israel will be cursed,” she said, citing a passage in the Bible often quoted by evangelical Christians. “The president of Iran cursed Israel. I want to see what will happen to him.” Some Koreans here have had difficulties adjusting to life in the Jewish state.

“It’s not easy to approach Israelis,” said Eunah Hur, who spends her day learning Hebrew in Jerusalem and attends a messianic church near her apartment. But it’s possible “to have good relationships. Israelis are warm and loyal,” she said. “We have a specific word for these relationships – ‘jung.’ It’s different from love and friendship.” There are a number of similarities between Israeli and Korean cultures: a strong focus on education, a proficient high tech-sector, compulsory military service for males and, perhaps most importantly, an existential threat from neighbors.

Most Koreans in Israel are visitors to the country on multiyear student visas. Many study Bible at Israeli universities or at Holy Land University, a Christian graduate school that caters to Asians. Roughly 30 percent of Koreans are Christian. A handful have come to Israel to stay. Kim OK Kyung, 67, is a gregarious Korean-American transplant who arrived from New Jersey three years ago with her husband, a pastor, who had just retired from his church.

AUTOS • 21


2013 Lexus RX 350 comes this summer The 2013 RX 350 is forging a new chapter for utility vehicles. This is the next Lexus model to get a makeover making it more dynamic and a blueprint for other companies to follow. The 2013 RX 350 has the soul of the original but its next generation design gives its body a whole new life. Striking design elements such as a sharply defined shoulder line and 18-inch alloy wheels make the 2013 RX both aerodynamic and aesthetically pleasing. With dramatically angled lines, and a distinctive spindle grille, the 2013 RX shares many design cues with the current Lexus sedans. They’ve added water repellent windows. Driver and front-seat passenger windows made from waterrepellent glass help provide greater visibility during precipitation. Under the hood you’ll find a 3.5-liter engine delivering a robust 270 horsepower, and it does so on regular unleaded fuel. The V6 makes 90 percent of its peak torque available in a low rpm range for incredibly responsive power at all engine speeds. All the while pro-

viding greater fuel efficiency. (The RX also employs a Dual Variable Valve Timing with intelligence (VVT-i) system that optimizes both the intake and exhaust valve timing throughout the rpm range, according to engine and driving conditions. The system continuously monitors the engine’s speed and load to respond to the driver’s demands. Torque is increased at lower speeds for better thrust. And power is boosted at higher speeds for better acceleration. Translation: This provides improved fuel efficiency, lower exhaust emissions and optimizes power across all driving ranges. The smooth six-speed automatic transmission uses multiple driving sensors to deliver improved performance and fuel efficiency. A stiff unibody construction, front and rear stabilizer bars and a rear suspension all contribute to a more responsive and agile ride. They didn’t skimp on the interior one bit. Voice activated system allows you to access navigation, phone and media and means you will be completely hands free.

The true breakthrough in the interior is the Heads-up Display system (HUD). The available Headsup Display system on the RX can project simple navigation direc-

tions, audio information and vehicle speed onto the windshield in front of you, so you can spend more time focused on the road ahead. After all these amazing inno-

vations and upgrades you’d think this car would be out of anyone’s price range. Quite the opposite in the RX 350 case. It has a starting MSRP of $47,000.

Jaguar XF—your road guardian The Jaguar XF is not only comforting like a feline in your lap, but your road guardian as well. This Jaguar XF radiates the feline aggression in an elegant form. Streamlined front fenders with revised side vents, slimmer headlamp units and a power-bulge hood resculpted for smoother airflow create more dynamic contours for the new XF. The effect is heightened by a more upright and enlarged grille opening and three distinct front-bumper designs for XF, XFR and XF Portfolio with Sport Pack. This car is not a machine but an extension of your finger tips. The leather steering wheel incorporates switches for cruise control and the InteractiveVoice™ feature. It can also be used to control the audio output—adjusting sound level and changing between CD tracks, radio stations or selections on an iPod® or MP3 digital music player. In addition, a heated steering-wheel rim is standard on XF Supercharged and XFR, and optional on other models. With InteractiveVoice™ fitted on all models, you need only press the “voice” button on the steering wheel and use spoken commands to control the audio and navigation systems, as well as the Touchscreen and Bluetooth® connection. The system incorporates the latest “say what you see” technology, allowing you to respond to on-screen prompts. Needing comfort? The feel of your cat curling up in your lap?

Well the XF will let you curl up in it. The dual-zone automatic climate control system provides individual temperature controls for the driver and front passenger. The system also features air particle and odor filtration, as well as humidity control and automatic window demisting. The XF is a leader in safety innovation making it your new guardian as well. The vehicle’s reinforced body shell incorporates high-strength steels to create a virtual safety ring around the cabin. The XF has twostage airbag Supplemental Restraint Systems (SRS) for the driver and front passenger, as well as side and curtain airbags (SRS)— all controlled by a sensing system that ensures they will only deploy if the seats are occupied. The Blind Spot Monitor, optional on XF and XF Portfolio and standard on XF Supercharged and XFR, uses radar to take much of the uncertainty out of changing lanes. An amber warning icon will appear in the exterior mirror when the system detects vehicles alongside that may not be visible in the mirror. All XF models incorporate a host of safety systems designed to improve stability and control: Emergency Brake Assist, Electronic brake-force distribution, Anti-lock brakes, Traction control, Dynamic Stability Control, Cornering brake control and Engine drag torque control. Depending on which model you wish to purchase the starting MSRP is from $53,000 to $82,000.

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22 • OBITUARIES D EATH N OTICES ROTHENBERG, Edward, age 77, died on May 28, 2012; 7 Sivan, 5772. MILLER, Nancy Haas, age 80, died on May 29, 2012; 8 Sivan, 5772. POLEY, Philip, age 87, died on May 31, 2012; 10 Sivan, 5772.

O BITUARIES GOLDSTONE, Bernard Bernard Goldstone passed away on May 22, 2012—the first day of Sivan, 5772. Born in Connellsville, Penn. on December 30, 1923, he was a son of Sol and Rose Lurie Goldstone. Shortly after his birth his family moved to Sharon, Penn., and he attended the Sharon Schools, graduating from Sharon High School in 1941. Mr. Goldstone attended the ATHENS from page 8 Community members believed that shutting the school down would have been an ominous development for the capital’s community of some 3,500 Jews. “This school is the Athens Jewish community and its future,” said Alvertos Taraboulous, the current chairman of the school board. Instead, they embarked on an ambitious and largely successful plan to revitalize the school. The concept was simple: To get as many children as possible to attend the school that runs up until 6th grade by providing top-notch private education, modern facilities and a warm environment — at an affordable price. Realizing that many children did not attend because their parents


University of Michigan from 1941-1943, when he entered the military. He graduated from Officers’ Candidate School— Corps. Of Engineers and served in the Philippines as an Engineer Officer. Upon his return to the University of Michigan in 1946, he received his B.A. in Political Science, then attended the University of Michigan’s Law School, graduating in 1949 with a J.D. with Distinction. While in law school, he was an Assistant Editor of the Michigan Law Review, and was elected to the Order of Coif, an academic honorary society. Mr. Goldstone practiced law with a firm in Detroit, Mich., for one year, when he was recalled to active duty during the Korean War. He served in the Judge Advocate General’s Office in the Pentagon and was Legal Assistant to the Executive Officer for 18 months. He practiced civil law in Sharon, Penn., beginning in May

1952, and formed a partnership with Nathan Routman and Harvey Moore. Eventually, the firm was known as Routman, Moore, Goldstone & Valentino. After the firm dissolved, he became Of Counsel to the firm Ekker, Kuster, McConnell, & Epstein. Mr. Goldstone was a member of the Mercer County Bar Association, the Pennsylvania Bar Association and the American Bar Association. He was Past President and Trustee of the Mercer County Bar Association, and served in the Pennsylvania Bar Association’s House of Delegates for many years. He served on the Board of Governors of the Pennsylvania Bar Association and as a Director of the Pennsylvania Trial Lawyers. He was admitted to practice in the courts of Mercer County, the Pennsylvania Superior Court, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, U.S. District Court, 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals, and the United States Supreme Court.

He was an active member of Temple Beth Israel, served on the Board of Directors and was president for four years. He was a member and president of B’Nai B’rith, Temple Men’s Club, and served as Director and Chairman for the Israel Bond Committee. In 1975, Mr. Goldstone received an Israel Bond award in recognition of his service to Israel. He was Director and Chairman of the Shenango Valley Jewish Federation, and served on the Board of Directors for many years. He also served on the Board of Directors of the Youngstown Area Jewish Federation after its merger with the Shenango Valley Jewish Federation. Mr. Goldstone was a former member of the Kiwanis, Optimist, and the University Clubs of Sharon and Farrell, and was a member of the Sharon Country Club and Masonic Lodge #250. He was preceded in death by his wife Betty in 1998, and his two brothers, Herbert and Allen.

In 2004, Mr. Goldstone moved from his home in Sharon, Penn. to the Cedar Village Retirement Community, where he resided until his death. He is survived by his two daughters, Karen (Brad) Kaplan, and Sue (Randy) Joseph of Deerfield, Ill., and six grandchildren, Rose, Bennett and Esther Kaplan, and Daniel, Amy and Erica Joseph. He is also survived by his sister, Mrs. Lucille (Saul) Kammen of Cleveland, Ohio. The funeral was held on May 25, at Temple Beth Israel in Sharon, Penn., officiated by Rabbi Roberts of Cleveland, Ohio. The family would appreciate contributions to: University of Michigan Law School, c/o University of Michigan Development Office, Suite 4000, South Hall, 701 S. State Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109; Cedar Village Foundation, 5467 Cedar Village Drive, Mason, OH, 45040; or to Temple Beth Israel, 840 Highland Rd., Sharon, PA, 16146.

were hesitant to uproot them after they became settled and made friends at local kindergartens, the Jewish school opened its own one in 2002, followed by a nursery in 2007. “Now we see that if we get them into the kindergarten, they do not leave,” Taraboulous said. “If our children are really happy, that is the best promotion for the school.” Aggressive recruiting bordering on chutzpah didn’t hurt either. When Jewish women give birth in Athens, the newborns are sent a gift basket with a note from the school that says “expecting you in twoand-a-half years.” The school is also heavily subsidized by the Athens Jewish Community. Parents pay about $4,000 in tuition annually per child, compared to $10,000 to $14,000 at

comparable private schools. Two other steps were key to bringing in more students. The school opened admission to children of mixed marriages, and it operates an ambitious bus service that ranges all over Athens’ vast urban sprawl to bring Jewish kids to the school. Some commute from as far as 40 miles away. “The bus fleet is crucial,” Taraboulous said. “Without this door-to-door service, many would not be able to come.” This year, there were 136 children enrolled in the school (Full disclosure: this reporter’s daughter is one of them). Next year, 151 are registered, according to school principal George Kanellos. The changes at the school seem to appeal to parents. Even though Zanet Battinou and her husband are both Jewish — she’s the director of the city’s Jewish museum, and he was a member of the school’s firstever class — the decision to send their three children there had not been a no-brainer. They shopped around Athens’ best private schools before making

their decision. “It turns out that it is a very good school, with teachers of the highest caliber,” Battinou said. “It’s very professional but also very warm.” For other parents, the sense of community is the draw. “There is something very special about bringing your children to a school where you went, where the other parents were your classmates. It is very comforting and intimate,” said Matilda Vital, a Hebrew teacher at the school, whose daughter is in the nursery program. But now, the enormity of Greece’s economic and political crisis threatens to undermine the school’s success — even, possibly, its existence. From Taraboulous’ office in downtown Athens — away from the leafy green suburb that houses the school — the signs of the country’s distress are everywhere: The mound of flowers marking the site where a pensioner shot himself in protest, roads closed by riot police ahead of protests, a homeless man begging for money to treat his brain tumor.

Every day, it seems, the distress of five years of a brutal recession, massive unemployment and harsh European-imposed austerity seeps deeper into all corners of the Jewish community. “I have parents who can’t pay, or are missing or delaying payments,” Kanellos said. “In many houses now only one parent is working, or those who had their own companies have seen them close. The situation is very hard.” Last year, only one child in the school received a full tuition subsidy. This year it’s seven. “The next few years will be worse,” Kanellos said. The school has begun providing some children with clothes to wear to school celebrations and paying for outside therapy for children with learning disabilities. Once-wealthy community members who used to pick up the slack now find themselves hardpressed to pay for their own kids’ education. “People who could afford more are asked to donate, but most of the big donors we had in the past are now bankrupt,” Taraboulous said. “They are totally broke.” The official Jewish community organization, which provides 40 percent of the school’s budget, has seen its income drop sharply, too, in particular from rental properties the community owns. A few months ago, the community asked for help from Israeli and international Jewish groups. In February, the Jewish Agency for Israel voted to grant about $1 million over two years to help Greece’s Jewish communal institutions continue operating. Other Jewish groups have offered aid, too. The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee gave $330,000 for welfare and school scholarships.


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