Quick Sk8 Get busy living. Couler Color your life Women's Dress Long Tunic
Covers all your body
FABU GIRLS CONCERT: FEBRUARY 26, 2011
Gabriela P. García Camila González Claudia González Gabriela Martín Nicolle Serrano
The toga was the principle garment of the Romans because it covered all the body. Old families liked the idea of wearing the toga naked because it was first worn without the tunic and it was later added. Only the free Roman citizens could wear. The immigrant or exiled citizens were not allowed. The toga leaves one free arm, but the large blanket covers the rest of the body. The toga was from 2 1/2 from 5 1/5 meters long and 2 meters wide. The toga looked elegant, but it was difficult to keep up with it. Some slaves were known to place pieces of wood in the bend the next evening. The toga was made of wool, and the rich could choose what kind of wool they wanted to wear. Affluent boys were expected to wear a toga. They first wore the toga pretext that was worn until puberty and then, around the 16th birthday, they were able to wear the toga virile, which was the white toga of the Roman citizen. It was necessary to wear a toga because of if not, you were seen as a slave or workman in Rome. In only special occasions, like the festival saturnalia, people didn't wear the toga. Later, the toga was used only as a formal dress at the law courts, the theatre, the circus or at the imperial court. Some politicians whitened their toga with chalk to stand out. The use of the very white toga in candidates had a difference because in Latin the word meant white. They are different types of toga: the toga picta, which was the one that military commanders wore and walked with triumph through the streets of Rome; the toga palmata was a type of toga picta and had embroidered a leaf pattern; the toga trabea was a ritual toga of various colors, specially purple; the toga pulla or toga sordida was dark colored and was worn in agony.
Women wore a long tunic reached to the ground known as the stola. The stola was worn over another long tunic. The stola was usually brown, grey, or white. Women also wore cloaks to keep them warm. First, women wore a simple square cloak known as the ricinium. Then, it was replaced by a no specific size draped cloak known as the palla. Rich women wore long tunics made from expensive cotton with a lot of jewelry, especially pearls. Slaves help these rich women get dressed.
Romans wore cloaks to protect themselves from harsh weather. Like the tunica, there are different types of cloaks. The pallium was worn over the tunic or the toga. It was colorful and was usually worn by wealthy people. The lacerna was a military cloak that Romans started wearing later on. The wealthier people tended to wear bright colors, while the poor people wore darker colors. The paenula was the simplest cloak that Romans wore to protect themselves against bad weather. The sagulum was a military cloak that soldiers and officers wore. The paludamentum was the typical red cloak that rulers wore. Romans usually sewed a hook to the cloak.
Scipio Africanus is believed to have been the first to begin the fashion of shaving. A skilled barber could make money in Rome. Removing the facial hair involved visiting the barber, shaving, waxing, and the use of tweezers. It was seen very fashionable for young men to keep a small, well-‐groomed beard. Men tended to keep their hair cut short. Few ones had their hair curled with curling irons. Romans tended to see such affectations as effeminate. Marcus Aurelius introduced the fashion for shaving one's head clean. Early Christians tended to have their hair and beards cut short. Young women simply gathered their hair into a bun at the back of the neck. Women's hairstyles were more complicated than men. The women of early Rome wore their hair keeping all of it tied up with ribbons on the head. One of the styles used a lot at court had the hair arranged in several layers, falling to the face in ringlets. It all required the services of an expert female hairdresser who doubled as make up artist, as well as additional hair pieces to create more mass in the hair. H Hair pieces, wigs, hair lotions and dyes were all known to the Romans.
Children Roman children wore a tunic that reached down to their knees. Also, they all wore a bulla, which is a special locket around their neck received when they were born. It contains an amulet as a protection against everything bad. Boys wore the bulla until they became citizen at age 16 or 17 and girls, until they got married.
The boys wore a tunic reached to their feet with a crimson border. They wore a variety of shoes. Once they become a man, he wore an all white tunic. Wealthy boys, who were the sons of senators, could wear a toga since 14 years old. The girl's clothing was similar to the boys. They also wore a tunic with a belt and the colors varied. When they wanted to go out, they wore a second tunic that reached their feet. Like boys, they wear a variety of shoes.
Female and maleâ€™s footwear showed little distinction. There were three main types: the calcei, sandals, and slippers. The calcei was the soft leather common outdoor footwear and was usually worn with the toga. The sandals were used as indoor footwear and it was very improper to wear them outdoor. The slippers were also for indoor use. There were other types of shoes like the caliga, the military boot/sandal, or the sculponea that was only worn by poor peasants or slaves. Â
The basic clothing for the Romans was the tunic. Both men and women would wear the tunic. Male tunics would generally reach the knees, while female tunics were much longer and some might have even reached the ground. In cold weather, Romans would wear two or three tunics to keep themselves warm. The type of tunic that a person wore would indicate the social class he or she belonged to. Tunics with a purple stripe indicated membership to a particular order. An equestrian's tunic had two vertical narrow purple stripes on either side. The dalmarica, a long-‐sleeved tunic, was only worn by the aristocracy.
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