The coolest slimiest animals yet.
By Jack, Tim, Ragav, Farina, and Khalish
Introduction We are going to explain to you what animals live in gardens.
These are the animals that we are going to explain to you about: Worms
Garter Snakes Snails
Frogs and toads Squirrels
Bibliography 1. http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/sirrobhitch.suffolk/key/ worms.htm 2. http://www.noworms.com/where_worms_are_found.cf m 3. http://urbanext.illinois.edu/worms/facts/index.html
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Worm has no legs and no arms Worms live where there are nice temperature and oxygen They are cold-‐ blooded animals If their skin dries, they will die Even though worms do not have eyes they can sense light Their body is made up of 80% water If you cut a worm in half it will still survive They have about 1-‐5 heart
Why do worms live in gardens?
Worms live in gardens because of the soil that give them nutrients and minerals. It also eats dirt from the soil to help plants grow. What are the different types of worms? There are different types of worms like leeches and tapeworms, there are 2,700 Earthworms however there are 4,400 worms. Where are they found? They are found most in Midwest, Northeast, Southeast and West of America.
Lizards are quite unusual and interesting. Some lizards’ tails separate from the body when grabbed and wriggle away confusing the other animals. This defense gives the lizard time to escape. Did you know that lizards grow back their tail but their tail but it grows back a different colour and it
is smaller. Some lizards are legless! They look like snakes but look carefully if you see moveable eyes it is really a LIZARD!!! Lizards shed their skin but in tiny pieces . The largest lizard in the world is the Komodo dragon native to the Komodo Island of Indonesia. These 10 ft long lizards have the ability to bring down animals much larger then their size. Their powerful bite and ability to ambush the prey makes them great hunters. Their saliva is quite toxic as well. When they bite their prey, the bacteria in the saliva enters the prey's body and weakens its immune system due to which it dies. · Some skinks and geckos, such as the tokay, have eyelids. But like snakes, the two lids have fused to form a clear "spectacle," which sheds along with the rest of the skin. The leopard gecko has more traditional eyelids. .
Did you know that, more than 200 squirrel species live all over the world.
Did you know there was a squirrel that is only five inches (thirteen centimeters) • They eat lots of plant food, including nuts, seeds, fruits, fungi, and green vegetation, and they also eat insects, eggs, and even small birds, smaller mammals, frogs, and carrion. • Squirrels don’t really remember where they bury their food; they don't locate buried food from memory. They find buried food with the use of their highly developed sense of smell. •
Squirrels are so fast that they can run at the speed of 20 miles per hour. A squirrel can survive even if it jumps from the height of 100 as it has padded feet
A squirrel only actually lives an average of one year in the wild?
A squirrel will die within 24 hours without food & water.
Grey squirrels build their nests in many unusual places, such as in cars, chimney's, barbecue grills and under porches rather than in the cozier household attic.
• • • A squirrel’s brain is about the size of a walnut.
• Squirrels chew on tree branches to sharpen and clean their teeth, they will also chew on power lines. • A grey squirrel once managed to squeeze its way through the bars of a bird feeder, then ate so many seeds and nuts that it was too fat to get out again! Bibliography http://www.funfacts.com.au/squirrelly-‐squirrel-‐facts/ http://www.buzzle.com/articles/facts-‐about-‐squirrels.html
• Frogs tend to lay eggs in clusters. Frogs from this family can be found on every continent except Antarctica. They are referred to as the "true frogs" because of their generalized body form and life history: the so-called generic frog. Members of this family include the bullfrog, common frog, green frog, leopard frog, marsh frog, pickerel frog, and wood frog. When Frogs mate, the male frog tends to clasp the female underneath in an embrace called amplexus. He literally climbs on her back, reaches his arms around her "waist", either just in front of the hind legs, just behind the front legs, or even around the head. Amplexus can last several days! Usually, it occurs in the water, though some species, like the bufos on the right mate on land or even in trees! (photo courtesy of Emile Vandecasteele) While in some cases, complicated courting behavior occurs before mating, many species of frogs are known for attempting to mate with anything that moves which isn't small enough to eat!
Frogs are members of the zoological class called Amphibian. Amphibians are cold-‐blooded [or poikilothermic] vertebrate animals. They are different from reptiles in that they lack scales and generallyreturn to water to breed. They are one of three types of Amphibians. Aura, also called Salinity, (frogs and toads), caudate (salamanders and newts) and caecilians (worm-like amphibians). Amphibians together with reptiles make up a larger group called Herps. The study of reptiles and amphibians is called Herpetology. Herp comes from the Greek word herpeton, which basically means "creepy crawly things that move about on their bellies." A herptile is an individual herp. A person who keeps and breeds herps is called a herpetoculturist and the hobby is called herpetoculture. Generally speaking, though, when we think of frogs, we generally picture what are called "True Frogs".... members of the family Ranidae, containing more than 400 species. These frogs have the characteristics of: • two bulging eyes • strong, long, webbed hind feet that are adapted for leaping and swimming • smooth or slimy skin (generally, frogs tend to like moister environments)
The garter snake is found commonly found across America and Alaska. They are Â about 45 to 60 cm long but huge ones grow to 130 cm. Since garter snakes live in cold temperatures they need to hibernate in the winter. You will find them in caves in hundreds. Garter snakes main diet are worms, frogs, fish and insects. Which is generally quite varied and irregularly coloured. The striping makes it less visible when moving through the vegetation - the continuous line belying its movement. Fully formed young, while other snakes lay eggs that later hatch. Garter snakes give birth to live young in late summer. Although one litter was recorded at 98 babies, most garter snakes give birth to between 20 and 40 babies per litter. many people fear garter snakes. And yet these docile creatures play an important role in your garden's ecosystem - they eat earthworms, frogs, and mice, among other things. In turn, they provide an important food source for many birds and mammals. The red-shouldered hawk, in particular, relies on the collection of snakes to help feed their young during the nesting season. when faced with an oncoming predator, such as man, is to hide. Most times you won't even know that there are snakes around. If backed into a corner, many snakes will try to bluff their way out through a show of temper. It is only once picked up that garter snakes will attempt to bite. They will also release a foul-smelling musky liquid as a form of defense. As a reptile, snakes have a protective outer layer of scales, which are made from the same
material as our fingernails - keratin. It is amphibians, such as frogs, that have a "slimy" feel. To make them feel at home in your garden offer areas of dense foliage close to the ground. This provides them with safe areas for feeding and shelter. Piles of logs or leaves are other appealing hiding spots for snakes. Snakes are cold-blooded, which means they are dependent on outside sources of heat to warm their bodies. A warm rock in the sun is a great place for them to soak up some heat. Incapable of long migrations, snakes must find a suitable hibernaculum in the vicinity of their summer haunts. They require a secure den with a low temperature that remains above freezing. Because they are susceptible to loss of body water, their hibernation site must also be close to the water table (but not flooded). â€˘
Snails are known to be one of the earliest known types of animals evolved on the surface of the earth more than 600 million years ago. They belong to the phylum Mollusca of the kingdom Animelia and have the ability to adapt to a number of living conditions with very little food requirements. They are classified as mollusks due to their hard shells that protect their bodies from these variant environmental conditions that they have evolved from. Snails are found in every part of the world in oceans, on trees and on land. They are very slow moving creatures who can travel large distances of land and water for months together and live in tiny holes of mud or on leaves. These are just a few well known snail facts, read on to know more such interesting ones coming up for your information. Facts About Snails Snails belong to the class Gastropoda which literally means 'belly foot animals', that crawl on their bellies. There are two kinds of snails viz, sea snails and land snails. They have some common traits as well as individual ones since they have a huge difference in their habitats. Take a look at some great snail facts which will definitely help you with your general knowledge about these slimy shell animals. More on life cycle of a snail. Common Facts • All snails have a group name called Rout and they all belong to the phylum Mollusca as mentioned above and have a protective shell which is their home. • They are 12 to 15 inches in length and 10 gms in width, considerably tiny animals who travel miles without food. • They live for about 15 years and mature sexually in 2 years after birth. • Their habitat comprises of gardens, parks, forests, dunes and the bottoms of the sea and other water bodies.
They diet includes living and decaying plants and leftovers found on the leaves and seaweeds. • After maturity, their gestation period is 2 to 4 weeks and they lay about 85 eggs out of which very few survive and hatch into new snails. Sea Snail Facts • There is a difference in the shell sizes and shapes of the sea and land snails, as the sea snail shells are somewhat conical in shape and larger in size. • There are a variety of types in sea snails as well with those living in tanks and other water bodies apart from the ocean. Top shells and periwinkles are some such examples. • They creases on the shells of these snails defines their age most of the time and are formed due to the Calcium secretions by the body. • The colors of these winkles are bright yellow which are flat shells and stripy purples which have a round shell tapering to the top. • The sea snails graze on seaweed from the grass and off the rocks in the water, their personal favorites are the sea lettuce. Some of them even eat algae and other smaller mollusks. More on what do snails eat? • Sea snails are food for a number of predators like crabs, fish and starfish which after eaten them use their shells as homes (especially the hermit crab). Garden or Land Snail Facts • These snails are considered to be very strong and can lift up to 10 times their own body weight in the vertical position. • Though they are the slowest animals in the world, the fastest in their species is the garden snail which can travel 55 yards per hour. • Another type, the Giant African land snail can eat more than 500 different types of plants, otherwise their diets are simply leaves and berries off their habitats. They die if they consume sugar or salt. •
They grow in a spiral manner every year and their shells are called the whorl, which gives the exact age of the snail. Their shells are of various colors like yellow, pink, cream and purples. Another one of these interesting snail facts is that snails are hermaphrodites which means they have both male and female reproductive organs and they produce both eggs and sperms. Snails hibernate during winter and live on the stored fat and are eaten by chickens, geese, turtles and snakes. They love damp and dark environments and can't survive in scorching heat. If the heat is a lot they enter their shells and stay there for very long periods. Their tentacles or antennae are present to test for danger and sighs of food. They are sensory apparatus which they use for their protection as well as feeding habits.