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KRAVIS FLOODINGS EXPLAINED pages 14-­15

DRAW YOUR OWN CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS, CALIFORNIA! page 13

HOW DOES ASCMC

SPEND YOUR STUDENT FEES? pages 10-­11


Somewhere in my attic lies a Denver Post press pass featuring a mug shot of my ten-yearold, platinum blonde, smiling self. My dad, a journalist, ensured that my valid credential for Take-Your-Daughter-To-Work-Day was nothing more than a dress-up accessory. As his two-decade career at a mass-circulation newspaper ended with longer hours, lessengaging work, and a buyout, he warned against entering the family business. I cycled through various career aspirations growing up – children’s book author, “baby doctor,â€? geneticist – but never considered WKH IRUELGGHQ Ă€HOG 7KDW GLGQ¡W PHDQ , ZDVQ¡W DGGLFWHG WR QHZV , Ă LSSHG WKURXJK the newspaper at the breakfast table each morning, and tuning into NBC Nightly News was a 5:30 p.m. family ritual. Seventeen got a few glances, but the pages of each issue of Time were wrinkled from hours spent studying the contents. I learned about war, famine, political bickering, life-changing technologies, and exotic cultures.

october 2011| vol IX iss 1

But that was just what I read – not what I OLYHG 7KDW ZRUOG ZDV GLVWDQW IURP WKH ÀIWK grade gossip I heard as I strolled home along tree-lined streets, clutching my Disney Princess lunchbox.

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A e Fgl 9 BgmjfYdakl By high school, lunchboxes were out. I happily joined the swarms of teenagers jaywalking across Colfax to get our Pizza ExSUHVV Ă€[ ² D KXJH VOLFH DQG D GULQN IRU But when downtown “bureaucratsâ€? threatened our off-campus lunch, I wrote to a local columnist. When enough of us spoke up, they listened.

for a private plan. An HMO shouldn’t say “I object!� on anyone’s wedding day.

Sure, the issue was trivial. But, as a fourteenyear-old whose sole income came from babysitting, it affected my daily life much more than the Iraq War or Medicare Part D.

There are stories that are moving, and then there are stories you can relate to on a personal level because they touch your life. These stories incite action. That’s journalism, applied.

I spent the summer after high school cafÊhopping, listening to activists explain why they needed health insurance reform. I also shared my story: My family was fortunate to have adequate coverage to pay for therapies, a wheelchair, and other services for my little brother, but I’d watched our friends battle insurance companies over coverage for their children with disabilities.

I’d seen stories like Katie’s on the Nightly News and in Time, but hearing her tell her personal experience over a chai latte was LQĂ€QLWHO\ PRUH SRZHUIXO ² PRUH WKDQ WKH threat of losing my petty lunch hour.

The Port Side is more than a newspaper. We don’t just write about what happened, ZKHWKHU LW¡V D Ă€UH DFURVV WKH JOREH RU DFURVV Ninth Street. We strive to bring the Claremont Colleges community closer to the story, asking why should we care? We want to spark discussion and encourage you to share your own experiences. Each of our stories takes us one step out of the Claremont Bubble.

One of my volunteer’s stories stood out: .DWLH ZDV Ă€JKWLQJ IRU ORYH 6KH DQG KHU ,¡OO VKDUH P\ VWRU\ ² VR Ă€QH FDOO PH D MRXUboyfriend couldn’t get married because their nalist. I’ll be one, if you will too. combined income would make him lose his state-sponsored health coverage. He had a preexisting condition and wouldn’t qualify

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF 9dqkkY JgZ]jlk PUBLISHER ;`]dk]Y ;Yjdkgf EDITOR  EMERITUS  MANAGING  EDITORS 9d]p @]af]q CAMPUS  KYe CY`j  WEB  EDITOR NATIONAL  CYl`jqf QYg Jmkk]dd E& HY_] INTERNATIONAL  KYeYfl`Y Egjk] COPY  EDITORS 9dq EafYea\]$ JY[`]d K`]jeYf ILLUSTRATORS 9f_]dY R`gm$ ;Yaldaf C]ff]q$ ;`]dk]Y ;Yjdkgf

Campus  Progress  works  to  help  young  people  â€”  advocates,  activists,  journalists,  artists  â€”  make  their  voices  heard  on  issues  that  matter.

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The Claremont Port Side is dedicated to providing the Claremont Colleges with contextualized, intelligent reports to advance debate among students and citizens. This is a progressive newsmagazine that offers pertinent information and thoughtful analysis on the issues confronting and challenging our world, our country, and our community. Each article in the Claremont Port Side UHĂ HFWV WKH RSLQLRQ RI LWV DXWKRU V DQG GRHV QRW UHSUHVHQW the Claremont Port Side, its editors, its staff, or the Claremont Colleges. Letters, Questions, Comments? editor@claremontportside.com

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Fg Kl]Yc >gj Qgm Scripps dining hall joins “Meatless Mondayâ€? movement By Silas Berkowitz Sta f f Writer, PO ‘ 1 2 Starting this semester, students hoping to JHW WKHLU FDUQLYRURXV Ă€[ DW 6FULSSV DUH JRing to have to make alternative arrangements – at least on Mondays. Malott Dining Hall at Scripps has implemented a new program, Meatless Mondays, where no meat is served for breakfast, lunch or dinner one day a week. Instead, the dining hall will focus on providing students with vegetarian and vegan alternatives. This program follows on the heels of the popularization of the semi-vegetarian, or ψ H[LWDULDQ ¡ PRYHPHQW )OH[LWDULDQV HDW a primarily plant-based vegetarian diet with the occasional inclusion of meat products. The goal of the movement isn’t meat elimination, but reduction of meat consumption. As proof that this movement is gaining in popularity, Scripps is far from the only school that has implemented this change. Over 60 colleges and universities have joined the movement to reduce meat consumption by eliminating meat one day of the week. Scripps’ implementation of the program was instigated by student involvement. Emily Jovais SC ’13, spearheaded this push, with her and fellow classmates gathering 400 signatures in a single week to persuade Sodexo, the food service company that is in charge of Malott, to adopt the program. “I [also] wanted to see higher quality, more sustainably produced meat and animal products in the dining hall,â€? explained Jovais. However, at meetings with Sodexo representatives and the Sustainability Committee, it became clear that budget constraints would prevent this from happening. “We eventually decided to combine the two ideas into one campaign that could

simultaneously help pay for the higher quality products, satisfy both the meat and non-meat eaters, and create a more sustainable campus,â€? Jovais said. But why the large push for this program? Students’ answers ranged from personal and ethical reasons to environmental and economic concerns. Mitsuko Balenciaga PO ’14 cited the large number of vegetarians and vegans on campus as a reason why this program is necessary. “We’re YHJDQ DQG ZH QHHG WR HDW Âľ %DOHQFLDJD H[FODLPHG ´3HRSOH DUH GHĂ€QLWHO\ JRLQJ to Scripps on Mondays because of this program.â€? Balenciaga also pointed out that as a vegan, she and her vegan and vegetarian IULHQGV KDYH D ´GLIĂ€FXOW WLPHÂľ Ă€QGLQJ D variety of foods in the dining halls that they can consume. She is delighted with the wide variety of vegetarian and vegan dishes that have been served on recent test-runs of Meatless Monday such as tropical vegetable stir-fry, mushroom polenta, Lyonnaise potatoes and vegetable samosas with yogurt sauce. In addition to personal reasons, there are a variety of economic and environmental explantions for this program’s popularity. -RYDLV FLWHG WKH 8QLWHG 1DWLRQV )RRG DQG Agriculture Organization’s estimation that the meat industry generates nearly RQH Ă€IWK RI WKH PDQ PDGH JUHHQKRXVH gas emissions, which is far more than that of transportation. “Eliminating meat from your diet one day a week saves more greenhouses gasses than a completely local diet,â€? she explained. MeatlessMonday.com, a website that offers several compelling arguments for UHGXFLQJ PHDW FRQVXPSWLRQ FRQĂ€UPV this with data from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. One of the most striking statistics the website cites is how many fossil fuel calories are needed to produce one calorie of feedlot beef

compared to one calorie of plant-based protein – about 18 to 1. MeatlessMonday.com also points outs that water use, a hot topic in Southern California, is linked to food consumpWLRQ :KHUHDV JDOORQV RI water are required to produce a single pound of beef, one pound of locally grown, Southern California tofu only reTXLUHV JDOORQV RI ZDWHU IRU SURGXFtion. While the full impact has yet to be seen, the Meatless Monday program undeniably helps to implement environmentally and socially responsible values at the Claremont Colleges.

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<][Y\] g^ <akk]fl The Indian Hill Blvd. “Peace Activists� speak By Deborah Frempong Contributing Wr it er, PO ‘ 1 5 6XQGD\ 6HSWHPEHU PDUNHG WKH ten-year anniversary of the attacks on the World Trade Center in New York. In $PHULFDQ WURRSV ZHUH GHSOR\HG LQ Afghanistan to begin the ‘War on Terror.’ 2Q 0D\ 3UHVLGHQW 2EDPD DQnounced that 9/11 mastermind Osama bin Laden had been killed by American troops. Today, America is planning to remove its troops from Afghanistan. The Port Side spoke with the group, known as the Peace Activists, to understand their aims and ideas

Claremont Port Side: What triggered these peace demonstrations ten years ago and what is your aim? Jim: We came out when there was a possibility of invading Iraq to alert people to certain things. More than 50 percent of the American budget goes to the defense department and war. When they say we are cutting teachers it is because we have no money. It has gone to war. More and more Americans need to stand up. We are not here screaming about this or that politician. We are involved or culpable if we allow our government to make these decisions against our interests.

Teresa: Mostly not. They might begin‌ it was easy to sign but implementing did not work. Once the needed a budget, they just let go of it.

CPS: Did any of the wars America fought have a direct effect on you? Teresa: Well, my brother fought in the second World War. But more importantly, there is the general consensus that women bear the brunt of war. A lot of the brutality of war falls on women. Wars cause refugees and women are the primary ones. DAN KENNAN VIETNAM WAR VETERAN

The reasons why countries go to war are complicated. But, when thousands of lives are at risk, we must ask: is war ever worth it? (YHU\ )ULGD\ DIWHUQRRQ IRU WHQ \HDUV PHQ and women have stood with placards just south of campus, on the corner of Indian Hill and Arrow Boulevard, advocating for peaceful negotiations with countries instead of war. The Port Side spoke with these demonstrators – known as the “Peace Activists� – to understand their aims and ideas. JIM LAMB ORGANIZER OF THE PEACE ACTIVISTS

CPS: What do you think America can do to reduce its defense budget? Jim: One of the things that people need to understand is what the control of oil and petrol resources means to this country. This is why the United States Defense has control of bases all over the world, and they should reduce all that because of one reason: it brings terrorists. They want America out of their country; they want jobs. In reality, there is such a thing as the American Empire and that’s why the country does not want to remove its bases from the countries it has occupied. We are exploiters; we are colonizers. TERESA WILSON PEACE ACTIVIST

CPS: Why are you promoting peace? CPS: How long have you been here? Teresa: I have been a peace activist for DERXW \HDUV , UHSUHVHQWHG WZR JURXSV at the United Nations in peace advocacy, and went to Beijing on the fourth World Conference on Women and Peace. I went to the U.N. every spring for ten years and monitored what the government said they would do.

CPS: Did the government do what they agreed to?

Dan: The biggest reason is that there is a dichotomy between the thought of war and the reality of war. We are raised to be patriotic American kids, and there is a romantic view of war: good guys, bad guys. It is not like that.

CPS: How old were you when you were drafted for the war? What was Vietnam like? Dan: I was 19 years, and I was there for

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PRQWKV , JRW EDFN RQ -DQXDU\ DQG , ZDV KHUH WKH QH[W GD\ -DQXDU\ at 4 p.m., on this corner, protesting. It is a lot of death and it’s also a situation where you get closer to some people than you will ever be with anyone as long as you live.

CPS: I assume that before you went to Vietnam, you thought it was an honorable duty. At what moment did this change for you? Dan: 7KH ÀUVW WLPH , VDZ D OLWWOH 9LHWQDPese kid that we had killed, I realized it had nothing to do with what they were saying. We killed a little kid about three years old. He wasn’t the enemy.

CPS: $Q\ ÀQDO ZRUGV" Dan: The way to end the war would be to send the politicians’ and the rich people’s kids to it. Not just the poor ones. And the war would be over by next week. Just Black, Latino or White-trash‌No senator’s or C.E.O’s kids are there. TED DARLAND

CPS: Why are you demonstrating? Ted: We have had war for thousands of years and it has not gotten any better. We have the Department of Defense, we should also have the Department of War, where we can meet with other countries and talk and not decide to blow up their countries just because they are different. I was in San Antonio College when the war was ongoing and it was so bad that people began to call them ‘baby-killers.’

VIETNAM WAR VETERAN (1968-1969)

Our unemployment rates are at about SHUFHQW RU HYHQ PRUH $ ORW RI NLGV want to go to college, but they cannot afford it, so they join the military, hope to survive it and then go to college. The military says, ‘we’ll pay your tuition, but you’ve gotta do this for us.’ A lot of people claim that they are for peace, but they do not do anything about it. If you

believe in something you have to stand up for it. You MUST talk about it.

Wars clearly damage, destroy and affect more civilian lives than we would like to admit. But our leaders think that war is the answer to aggression. The Peace Activists who have stood on the corner of Indian Hill BouleYDUG DQG $UURZ +LJKZD\ HYHU\ )ULGD\ IRU ten years beg to differ. To them, and many more Americans, war is a terribly inappropriate way of dealing with issues. It costs billions of dollars – and worse, thousands of lives. Our generation was raised during wartime. Do we think war is the way to go? Will we care more about waging war than about making sure that every American can afford to have food on their plate? Most importantly – will we be willing to stand up against it, like the activists on Indian Hill?

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O`]j] k l`] OYl]j7 Drought in America’s southern states impacts all By Brian Sutter Staf f Writer, C MC ‘ 1 3 The drought in states like Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, Arkansas and Georgia did not change the water supply in the state of Washington or California, but its effects were clearly visible to me as an entry-level stock worker for Eddie Bauer this summer. Processing hundreds of articles of clothing a day was mind-numbing, but one afternoon I noticed a minute change in the process: each individual plastic bag the clothes came in had been ripped at the side. I wondered whether these goods were damaged, but quickly realized every article of clothing Eddie Bauer sold had been re-priced and re-tagged to account for a dramatic jump in the price of cotton. The global market for cotton experienced a sharp drop in supply this spring; prices LQ 0DUFK RI KDG LQFUHDVHG E\ percent from the price level of the year EHIRUH )RU WKH ODVW WHQ \HDUV WKH SULFH RI FRWWRQ KDV KRYHUHG EHWZHHQ DQG SHU SRXQG ,W¡V FXUUHQWO\ DW 0DQ\ WKLQJV FRQWULEXWH WR JOREDO commodity prices, but it is likely that LQFUHDVHG Ă RRGV DQG UDLQ LQ &KLQD DQG India coupled with severe drought in America’s cotton belt decreased cotton supply, thus raising the price. High cotton prices are only part of the terrible consequences resulting from this GURXJKW LQ WKH 6RXWK $SSUR[LPDWHO\ percent of the nation – the largest area on record – is suffering from “exceptional drought,â€? according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. The states experiencing the worst drought are Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Georgia. Michael Brewer of the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration stated, “In Texas, this year has been characterized as the worst one-year drought on record by the State Climatologist. Recent estimates of

the statewide agricultural impact from GURXJKW DQG ZLOGĂ€UHV LV QRZ DW ELOOLRQ Âľ :LOGĂ€UHV UDYLVKHG 1HZ 0H[LFR and Arizona this summer due to severe lack of rain – Arizona suffered its worst Ă€UH HYHU ² ZKLOH UHVHUYRLUV GULHG XS DQG shrunk to new lows. In Texas, farmers have abandoned over two million acres of farmland. More than half the rivers and streams in Texas are Ă RZLQJ EHORZ QRUPDO OHYHOV DQG VHYHUDO reservoirs have dried up. Where aquatic ecosystems used to exist, blood-red EDFWHULD QRZ Ă RXULVK 7H[DV VHW WKH DOO time hottest average temperature in the summer for any state in U.S. history at GHJUHHV )DKUHQKHLW

unmitigated climate change yields little hope. The short-term plan of action is to reduce water waste and install strict water conservation policies so people can function off the low water supplies. In the long run, efforts to reduce carbonemissions and promote sustainability can help mitigate the effects of a warming planet.

In Claremont, water conservation and reclamation could save water waste and costs. Dustin Zubke HMC ’13 spent this summer researching Claremont’s water usage and found that the colleges use an DYHUDJH RI JDOORQV SHU GD\ 2I that, 55 percent is used for irrigation and the rest is for domestic use. Zubke found that a water reclamation system on the These record-breaking temperatures 5C campus could save anywhere from and droughts are not only detrimental PLOOLRQ WR PLOOLRQ GHSHQGLQJ RQ to the local environment, but also to the WKH ZDWHU SULFHV RYHU WKH QH[W \HDUV national economy. The state of Texas Los Angeles is looking into reclamation DORQH FRXOG VXIIHU ELOOLRQ GROODUV LQ and conservation programs to reduce direct economic losses, twice the amount imported water from the threatened ORVW GXULQJ WKH GURXJKW $OO RI WKHVH San Joaquin-Sacramento delta from 45 losses mean one thing: higher food prices SHUFHQW WR SHUFHQW &ODUHPRQW ZRXOG in the United States. do well to follow Los Angeles’ lead on water conservation. Unfortunately, La Niùa, the weather pattern caused from the upwelling of In this age of severe storms and prolonged FROG ZDWHU LQ WKH 3DFLÀF 2FHDQ ZKLFK droughts, climate change is no longer an typically causes dry years in the Americas, abstract phenomenon -– it is happening looks to keep the rains at bay throughout now and its effects are visible everywhere. the fall, exacerbating the drought. Climate change is not just an inconvenient The future of the South in the face of truth. It’s an inconvenient reality.

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Pitzer set to add a major in secular studies By Arielle Zionts Sta f f Writer, PZ ‘ 1 4 Last May, the New York Times and other news outlets proclaimed that “Pitzer College in California Adds Major in Secularism.â€? While the bold new program made waves across the country, few people outside the 5Cs actually know the real purSRVH RI WKH SURJUDP DQG ZKDW VSHFLĂ€FDOO\ students will be studying. According to Pitzer’s website, the new secular studies program is “an interdisciplinary program focusing on manifestations of the secular in societies and cultures, past and present.â€? Students will study different forms of secularism, ask why people are secular, debate the virtues and challenges of secularity, and among other things, seek to understand its imSDFW DQG VLJQLĂ€FDQFH 6HFXODU VWXGLHV LV not about bashing religion or debating the existence of God, Pitzer sociology professor and program creator Phil Zuckerman assured. 6HFXODU VWXGLHV LV D Ă€HOG JURXS DQG WKXV LV QHLWKHU DQ RIĂ€FLDO PDMRU QRU D GHSDUWment. Instead, like all newly proposed majors or departments at Pitzer, secular studies is included in a category of acaGHPLF SURJUDPV FDOOHG ´Ă€HOG JURXS % Âľ Although Zuckerman has outlined the requirements for a major in secular studies, students must apply for a “special majorâ€? for any academic program listed under ´Ă€HOG JURXS % Âľ $IWHU IRXU \HDUV LI VHFXlar studies is successful, it will become an RIĂ€FLDO PDMRU Zuckerman thinks that an academic program in secular studies is long overdue at Pitzer. Secularity is a growing trend in many countries and is present in places as diverse as Canada, Sweden and Kazakhstan. Pitzer’s secular studies program will add to a growing number of intellectual programs and organizations studying secularity.

A major in secularism would include four core courses – “Sociology of Secularity,â€? “Skepticism, Secularism, and Critiques of Religion,â€? “The Secular Lifeâ€? and “Anxiety in the Age of Reasonâ€? – as well as Ă€YH HOHFWLYH FRXUVHV (OHFWLYHV GUDZ IURP

“[I believe] that establishing a separate major in secular studies would expose VWXGHQWV WR WRR FRQVWUDLQHG RU FLUFXPVFULEHG D UDQJH RI YLHZV RQ UHOLJLRQ DQG secularism,� explained Pitzer professor of history and anthropology Daniel Segal.

courses in sociology, history, philosophy, religious studies, psychology, international and intercultural studies, and the sciences. More classes will be added as this program, and the subsequent major, continue to evolve.

Barry Kosmin, the director of Trinity College’s secular institute is also against secularism being studied as its own major. Kosmin told 7KH +XIĂ€QJWRQ 3RVW What he would prefer “to see secularism examLQHG ZLWKLQ RWKHU Ă€HOGV Âľ 2WKHUV DUH FRQcerned that students will not be attracted to the major because it does not offer clear job opportunities.

While only one student from Pitzer is currently majoring in the program, several 5C students have expressed interest. Kiley Lawrence SC ‘14 is majoring in Biophysics with a self-designed minor in secular studies through Scripps. The secular studies major “is broadening religious studies to be more inclusive; to investigate more ideas of God,â€? explained Lawrence. “Science gives us facts and hypotheses, while the concepts central to secular studies allow for acceptance of those ideas.â€? According to Zuckerman, so far there have been no accusations of “religionbashing.â€? It is widely agreed upon that secularity is a topic worth exploring, but there is some disagreement as to whether LW PHULWV LWV RZQ DFDGHPLF Ă€HOG RU VKRXOG EH LQFOXGHG XQGHU DQ HVWDEOLVKHG Ă€HOG like religion, sociology, or history.

While these arguments do apply to the real world, they fail to take into account the nature of any major at a liberal arts college, such as Pitzer, which focuses on educating the entire self. A degree in secularism, like all other degrees in the social science, can lead to a diverse array of careers such as teaching, practicing law, community activism, writing or working DW D QRQSURĂ€W )XUWKHUPRUH PDQ\ VWXdents chose a major based on what they are passionate about, not about what will give them the best job. While secular studies is neither an official major nor a department, most people agree that it is exciting and significant that Pitzer is now providing students with the opportunity to study secularism.

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Nga[]k g^ <]ĂšYf[] Stories of our generation’s global push for change Ă€JXUH DQG VRFLDO ZRUNHU , WKLQN KH KDG QR focus on the movement. In fact, he took on this large project all on his own without News clips of triumphant faces marching D GHĂ€QLWH VWUDWHJ\ +H WULHG WR RXWZRUN WKH in a large city square dominate Western system but instead he should have worked perceptions of political and social activ- within the system. If you are an intelligent LVP DEURDG %XW Ă€UVW KDQG DFFRXQWV WHOO person, use the system to your advantage.â€? much more. Two young activists, one here at Claremont McKenna and one across the Having attended one of Hazare’s protests, globe in Bahrain, share their unique experi- Ratik believed that the movement was targeted more to the lower and middle classes. ences in recent democratic movements. “It was interesting. It was a bit pretentious Ratik Ashokan, a CMC freshman from In- for me because I come from an upper class dia, relates the frustration and hopelessness family.â€? When asked whether the moveWKDW SODJXH SURWHVWHUV 6DUDK SVHXGRQ\P ment did affect him in any way socially, poan expelled Bahraini student, reveals the litically, or economically, despite his sociopersonal consequences of vocal opposition to repression. Together, their stories RI XQLĂ€HG DPELWLRQ DQG VHOI VDFULĂ€FH FRQvey our generation’s collective power and inspire meaningful action. By Elham Yusuf-Ali S t a f f Wr i t er, C M C ‘ 1 5

economic class, he characterized the issue DV D SHRSOH¡V PRYHPHQW ´, DP GHĂ€QLWHO\ affected. We all want an equal life. Politicians bribe each other, our tax money isn’t used for the sake of the people, and slums around Mumbai still exist to this day.â€? With around 5,000 protesters supporting Hazare in August, small changes began to appear. However, Ratik still sees much room for improvement. “We are driven by a sense of frustration, not justice,â€? he said. “Many of us lost hope, including myself. I doubt anything will change, because this sense of idealism is lost among the people. However, it is encouraging that people are

RATIK ON INDIA: THE LIMITS OF REFORM

)UHHGRP LV DERXW FRQTXHULQJ RXU RZQ worst qualities. It is the ability to control RXU VHOĂ€VK LQVWLQFWV VR WKDW ZH FDQ VWRS being controlled by them. Ironically, freedom requires constraints. This is a message WKDW 5DWLN $VKRNDQ D \HDU ROG &0&HU and India native, took away from the Anna Hazare movement in India this past spring. $V DQ LQĂ XHQWLDO VRFLDO DFWLYLVW DQG OHDGHU Hazare has instigated a large-scale nonviolent movement against corruption in India. On April 5, he began a nine-day hunger strike to pressure the Indian government to enact an anti-corruption law as part of WKH -DQ /RNSDO %LOO ZKLFK Ă€JKWV FRUUXStion, compensates protests of citizens, and protects whistle-blowers. If passed, the law would be used to investigate cases regarding complaints of corruption against politicians and bureaucrats without prior government approval. Indian youth, including Ratik, were inspired. “Although Hazare is a respected h Y _ ] 0 t g [ l g Z ] j ) ) t [ d Y j ] e g f l h g j l k a \ ] & [ g e t n g d m e ] A P a k k m ] )


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Egypt. The vast assimilation of Sunnis has created a demographic imbalance and has 2Q $XJXVW WKRXVDQGV FDPH WR 5DPOLOD considerably marginalized the Shia MusMaiden in New Delhi to support Hazare lim sector. According to many, these newly with the fast. However, critics have scru- naturalized Sunni citizens enjoy unfair adtinized Hazare and his advisers for not vantages in employment, education, and reaching a compromise with their protest housing arrangements. Many have argued campaign and debilitating India’s parlia- WKDW WKLV FRQWHPSRUDU\ SROLWLFDO FRQà LFW mentary process. Ratik agrees with the crit- traces its religious roots to the time of ics who believe that change in India should the Prophet Muhammad, whose death be based on smaller scale initiatives that are run by the people and for the people. SARAH ON BAHRAIN: CONSEQUENCES OF REBELLION

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I blog, I write, I still have Facebook, and those are my ÀUVW VWHSV WRZDUGV ZLQQLQJ Communication to the outside world.

bullets, and torture. Additionally, there have been abductions of major political activists including the kidnapping of Ebrahim Sharif, a Sunni leader of the National Demographic Action. “My family encouraged me to go. I did. I don’t know when my father will come back home, but I do know that it is a cause ZRUWK Ă€JKWLQJ DQG VDFULĂ€FLQJ IRU , ZDQW us to live freely and justly. I blog, I write, I VWLOO KDYH )DFHERRN DQG WKRVH DUH P\ Ă€UVW steps towards winning. Communication to the outside world.â€?

Soon after her activism during the spring of WKH %DKUDLQ ,QGHSHQGHQW &RPPLV6DUDK LV D \HDU ROG H[SHOOHG VWXGHQW sion Inquiry investigated Sarah’s involvefrom Bahrain Polytechnic, one of Bahment in the protests and her daily posts on rain’s leading public higher level institutions )DFHERRN DQG 7ZLWWHU ´7KH\ VWDUWHG QLFHO\ in Graphic Design, Information Technolthen misled me and encouraged me to give ogy, and Business Management. During Sarah A n ex p elled student out names. I made names up because I an interview via Skype, she told a story of fro m B a hr ai n knew they had a strategy. They repeatedly possibilities. With profound conviction in DVNHG PH DERXW P\ )DFHERRN SRVWV DQG her eyes, sincere pain in her voice, and immense faith, she began with, “I lost a lot. I SURPSWHG Ă€HUFH GHEDWH RYHU KLV VXFFHVVRU my initiation within the protests.â€? lost my education, friends, credibility, and 6KLDV VLGHG ZLWK ,PDP $OL 0XKDPPDG¡V my voice.â€? FRXVLQ DQG VRQ LQ ODZ ZKLOH 6XQQLV VXS- 2Q -XQH D ZHHN DIWHU KHU LQYHVWLSRUWHG $EX %DNU D UHVSHFWHG FRPSDQLRQ gation, Sarah was expelled from school. The Kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago DQG IDWKHU LQ ODZ WR WKH SURSKHW 7KH VSOLW “I believed in the truth and the ugly reality, of 36 islands that resides next to oil tycoon persists today. and I was expelled because of expressing it. Saudi Arabia. Bahrain has had its share of political tensions as part of the Arab Aggression and anger rose in March and At that moment, I started to question my 6SULQJ DQG ODEHOHG LWV )HEUXDU\ 5HYROX- April in many Shia areas around Manama, sense of nationalism and the true essence tion “Youm il khadhab,â€? the Day of Anger. Sitra, and Budaiya. “They are angry; I am of my identity. After losing my voice and 2Q )HEUXDU\ 6KLD DQG 6XQQL angry. I am one of them,â€? Sarah explained. education, I felt numb. I thought of altercitizens marched toward Pearl Square and “I remember going to the Dawar [Pearl natives. But reality has hit me, when no one peacefully protested against violations of Square], and all of us Sunnis and Shias was willing to hire me for work because I civil rights, the suppression of freedom of would sit, sing, believe of a better tomor- was expelled for a cause I believed in. Some speech and media, and the lack of housing row under the extreme heat. We thought colleges have blacklisted us expellees from applying to their schools. Later on, the and employment opportunities. we were invincible.â€? chief investigator promised that I would go 2QFH FRQVLGHUHG D SHUFHQW 6KLD PDMRUL- Soon, the royal family’s special guards, EDFN WR VFKRRO +H QHYHU IXOĂ€OOHG LW Âľ ty country, Bahrain is ruled by the minority police, and neighboring military countries 6XQQL 5R\DO )DPLO\ ZKRVH SULPH PLQLVWHU such as Saudi Arabia had intervened in the Sarah, along with 63 other expelled stuShaikh Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa, has Square and ordered to break up the peace- dents from Bahrain Polytechnic, are strivbeen under close criticism because of sec- ful sit-in. To the police’s dismay, many pro- LQJ WR Ă€QG D ZD\ WR OLYH WKHLU OLYHV WR WKHLU WDULDQLVP )RU WKH SDVW \HDUV WKH JRYHUQ- testers stood their ground and refused to full potential without an education. The ment has provided fast-track Bahraini citi- leave. In the approaching months, a normal Bahraini youth’s faith and willingness to ]HQVKLS WR EHWZHHQ DQG life to Bahrainis would include censorship Ă€JKW IRU DQ HJDOLWDULDQ IXWXUH HQVXUHV WKHP Arabs from Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and and blockage of websites, tear gas, rubber a purpose-driven life.

“

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ASCMC is trying to decrease the amount it spends on damages from parties, and thus budgeted far less than it spent to pay off last \HDU¡V GDPDJH ELOO “Our hope is that we can communicate with the student body enough to not have things be ruined and bring the costs down,â€? Mao explained.

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7KH :HGGLQJ 3DUW\ D WUDGLWLRQ VWDUWHG LQ features all the accoutrements of a real wedding: FDWHUHG GLQQHU D EDQG IUHH Ă RZLQJ EXEEO\ EHYHUDJHV DQG HYHQ D EDOORRQ PDQ 7LFNHWV FRVW LQ DGGLWLRQ WR WKH VSHQW E\ $6&0& and only 400 are available, though the live music and dance party after dinner are open to all students with or without a ticket. Revenues from WLFNHW VDOHV DUH HVWLPDWHG WR EULQJ LQ Ratik Ashokan ‘15, the only senator to vote no on approving the budget, did so because of the Wedding Party, saying “I paid that much > @ IRU HLJKW \HDUV RI ERDUGLQJ VFKRRO ,I \RX SD\ WKDW PXFK IRU D SDUW\ LW¡V D IDUFH Âľ

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:jYrad >d]p]k Alk Emk[d]k Recognizing the country’s growing importance, the 5Cs adds a Portuguese class By Jacob Fiksel Staf f Writer, PO ‘ 1 5 Despite Brazil’s sparkling beaches and abundant sunshine, President Obama’s visit to the country in March of this year was purely business. Brazil now stands as the world’s seventh-largest economy, and it is poised to grow even more due to the discovery of 30 to 80 billion barrels of oil reserves off its coast.

its downsides. With rapid foreign investment and domestic spending in the economy, the central bank has to deal with WKH SUREOHP RI LQà DWLRQ $OWKRXJK WKH government set a goal of a 4.5 percent LQà DWLRQ UDWH E\ WKH HQG RI WKH \HDU WKH FXUUHQW PRQWK LQà DWLRQ UDWH LV SHUFHQW 7R FRXQWHUDFW WKH KLJK LQà DWLRQ rate, the central bank’s current interest UDWH LV SHUFHQW – very high, compared WR WKH SHUFHQW LQWHUHVW UDWH LQ WKH United States.

recently reported in The Student Life, the consortium added an intensive introductory Portuguese class for this semester RQO\ (DFK GHDQ RI IDFXOW\ JDYH WR make the course possible. Housed at Pomona and taught by a Scripps professor, VWXGHQWV IURP HDFK RI WKH ÀYH FROOHJHV are enrolled in the class.

Professor Rita Alcala, who teaches the Portuguese class, saw the effects of Bra]LO¡V JURZWK Ă€UVW KDQG ZKHQ VKH YLVLWHG Obama wishes to reverse the trend of the Salvador de Bahia. “I was told that economic independence in this develop- However, Brazil’s interest rate was cut because the governor of Bahia is friends ing nation by fostering cooperation be- IURP SHUFHQW LQ HDUO\ 6HSWHPEHU with President Lula, the state and the city teew Brazil and the United States. due to fears of another recession. Many of Salvador de Bahia are seeing unprececonomists believe this to be a political edented support from the federal govBrazil’s economic development stems move to spur growth, and fear a reaction ernment. There was construction going mainly from its commodities. As a coun- RI HYHQ KLJKHU LQĂ DWLRQ LQ WKH IXWXUH on all over the city. Additionally, I was try rich in minerals, especially iron ore, informed of the enormous investment %UD]LO KDV JUHDWO\ SURĂ€WHG IURP ULVLQJ Brazil’s growth has not gone unnoticed in education and medical care for people commodity prices. High demand from within the Claremont community. As RI DOO VRFLDO VWUDWD )RU H[DPSOH WKH JRYother developing nations, such as China ernment is paying for preventative health and India, has caused Brazilian exports care as well as private school tuition for to skyrocket. The country exports 40 children of the poor to better entimes more goods to China than it able them to attend university,â€? did 10 years ago. explained Alcala. )RUHLJQ LQYHVWPHQW KDV DOVR spurred Brazil’s development, especially that of its infrastructure. Attracted by the strong economic growth, a booming housing market, and protectionist trade policies, foreigners have poured money into Brazil, providing the country with yet another source of income. 'HVSLWH WKH LQĂ XHQFH RI IRUHLJQ LQFRPH on economic growth, it is Brazil’s domestic spending that has propelled the FRXQWU\ RXW RI WKH JOREDO UHFHVVLRQ Strong job growth, low borrowing costs and tax breaks helped Brazil become the Ă€UVW PDMRU GHYHORSLQJ QDWLRQ WR HVFDSH the recession. Of course, Brazil’s economic growth has

In addition to her knowledge of Brazil, she also shared her insights about the importance of the Portuguese class. “The interest in Brazil here and the demand for English speakers there is happening right now. This class will make an enormous difference in the kind of experience students have while studying abroad in Brazil or doing a )XOEULJKW WKHUH DIWHU JUDGXDWLRQ Âľ :LWK %UD]LO KRVWLQJ ERWK WKH ),)$ :RUOG &XS DQG 2O\PSLFV SHRSOH around the globe will see the effects of the country’s economic growth. While IHDUV RI LQĂ DWLRQ LQ WKH FRXQWU\ VWLOO UHmain, Brazil is poised to make a splash on the world stage when it shows off its developing infrastructure.

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With citizens drawing new districts, Claremont may turn blue By Sasha Hondagneu-Messner Staf f Writer, PZ ‘15 After over three decades of being represented by Claremont McKenna alumnus David Dreier, the powerful chair of the House Rules Committee who still lived LQ D &0& GRUP GXULQJ KLV Ă€UVW FRQJUHVsional campaign, it looks like a Democrat will represent the Claremont Colleges FRPH -DQXDU\

the San Gabriel Valley, will be split into multiple districts that are much more Democratic and minority-based. Pitney, among others, believes that Dreier will not have much of a chance to win reelection in either Claremont’s new district or in San Dimas, where he is currently residing. Dreier has not stated where he plans RQ UXQQLQJ LQ DOWKRXJK PDQ\ KDYH speculated that he may run in a more inland, Republican-friendly district. Representative Jerry Lewis, however, is also

Claremont’s new district will probably be dominated by liberal voters in Pasadena. While it has become more liberal in recent years, Claremont is a fairly conservative city that has been loyal to Dreier. With the new district lines, the next representative will likely have less vested interest in the conservative values that have traditionally dominated the citizenry. But the new district may result in a stronger voice for left-leaning students, faculty, and staff at the Claremont Colleges. Co-

considering running in this area, and may offer some serious competition.

president of the Democrats of the Claremont Colleges Jared Calvert PZ ‘13 maintained that the club has “always been very active in politics regardless of who our Congressperson is.� However, they are still “very excited that there is a good chance we will have a Democrat as our Congressperson.�

&DOLIRUQLDQV DSSURYHG 3URSRVLWLRQ last year, calling for a group of citizens, instead of politicians, to re-draw California’s congressional district boundaries. This proposition was a response to state politicians gerrymandering district OLQHV LQ RUGHU WR EHQHĂ€W WKHLU RZQ SDUWLHV Whichever party was in control of the state legislature at the time determined what the districts would look like for the QH[W WHQ \HDUV 3URSRVLWLRQ HVWDEOLVKHG a Citizens Redistricting Commission to draw district lines though a fair and nonpartisan process. Last August, the commission approved the newly drawn districts. While there are many important changes, the most VLJQLĂ€FDQW LV WKH FRPSOHWH GLVUHJDUG IRU protecting the seats of long-serving incumbents. Under the new system, there are very few “safeâ€? districts left in the state of California and many incumbents will be forced into highly competitive elections. As a result, California could be sending a very different group of representatives to Washington next year. Claremont McKenna Professor of American Government John Pitney thinks that California’s new district boundaries will make many congressional seats more competiWLYH ´7KH NH\ ZRUG WR WKH HOHFWLRQ is uncertainty,â€? explained Pitney. Representative Dreier is one of many incumbents with a suddenly uncertain political future. Dreier’s current district, which includes Claremont and most of

Under the new boundaries, Claremont will be in a very Democratic district – one of the few that will likely not be very competitive. Representative Judy Chu, ZKR FXUUHQWO\ UHSUHVHQWV WKH QG GLVWULFW DQG LV WKH Ă€UVW &KLQHVH $PHULFDQ FRQJUHVVZRPDQ ZDV HOHFWHG LQ D special election. Though Chu has very little seniority in Congress, she is the likely front-runner in Claremont’s new district. $ UDQN DQG Ă€OH 'HPRFUDW &KX¡V QXPEHU one priority has been to work alongside the Obama administration to advocate for “green collarâ€? jobs in public transit, alternative energy, and conservation. According to Pitney, the likelihood of Chu becoming our representative is “approaching certainty.â€?

Pitney describes the new district as “very permanent.â€? Many Republicans and 'HPRFUDWV DSSHDU WR EH VDWLVĂ€HG ZLWK WKH new district lines, so an attempt to recall the plan appears unlikely. Thus, Judy Chu will almost certainly become Claremont’s representative, and David Dreier will face a tough campaign wherever he decides to run – if he even decides to seek reelection. The Claremont Colleges might be getting the Democratic representation that many have been hoping for.

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Center for Writing. A similar – though less damaging – incident occurred over the summer.

WKH Ă RRGV LQ WKH &HQWHU IRU :ULWLQJ ZHUH caused by a failure in the Kravis Center’s air conditioning system. Instead of hav2Q 7XHVGD\ 6HSWHPEHU WK WKH SHUVRQing a conventional air conditioning sysnel of the Center for Writing and Public 7KH UHĂ HFWLQJ SRRO VLWWLQJ MXVW RXWVLGH WKH tem, they explained, Kravis implements a Discourse arrived at their new space in the Center for Writing, is intended to be the chilled beam/radiant panel system to regu.UDYLV &HQWHU WR Ă€QG LW WKDW LW KDG Ă RRGHG aesthetic centerpiece of the Kravis Center. late the temperature inside the building. with several inches of water. The damage It hasn’t been full of water in weeks. Cur- Rather than circulating air, the building is was severe enough that all of the carpets rently, it lies dirty, brown, and barren in the kept cool by a system of pipes that circuhad to be replaced, and sections of dry middle of the courtyard. Plans have been late cold water through the beams of the wall had to be torn out in every room of announced to place plants around it to building itself. Those large grey columns in the Center. While the Center for Writing beautify it, but, for the moment, nothing HDFK RI WKH FODVVURRPV" 7KH\¡UH Ă€OOHG ZLWK hoped to be back up and running in the of that nature has actually occurred. What, rushing water. This process, Perri and Bibdamaged space within two weeks, the Cen- exactly, is going on with the Kravis Center? EHQV DVVXUHG LV H[WUHPHO\ HQHUJ\ HIĂ€FLHQW ter’s staff will not be able to resume working in the space until just before the Kravis $FFRUGLQJ WR )UDQN 3HUUL &ODUHPRQW One particular section of faulty pipe is re&HQWHU¡V GHGLFDWLRQ RQ 2FWREHU VW McKenna’s Director of Construction, sponsible for both leaks in the Center for and Matthew Bibbens, CMC’s Vice Presi- :ULWLQJ $FFRUGLQJ WR 3HUUL ERWK Ă RRGV 7KLV ZDV QRW WKH Ă€UVW Ă RRG LQ WKH QHZ dent for Planning and Administration, were caused by a failure of a “shark biteâ€? Ă€WWLQJ WKDW FRQQHFWV WKH IHPDOH DQG PDOH ends of one pipe segment. “There was no actual damage to the metal of the pipe,â€? asserted Perri. The reason this happened – not once, but twice – remains somewhat of a mystery. The connecting pipes that carry the water are rated by their manufacturer as being capable of handling water pressure levels XS WR SRXQGV SHU VTXDUH LQFK SVL and have been tested up to 150 psi. The water in the chilled beam system is at a constant pressure of roughly 40-45 psi at all times, which should be well within the the pipe’s capabilities. Water damage caused by the flooding in the Center for Writing r equir ed the r e placement of sections of dr y wall and car pet. Ph o to s by Ama n d a Da S i l va

“Director Perri and his department are currently in talks with the manufacturer [Twa Systems of Canada, the same manufacturer of the chilled beams and radiant panels] of the pipe itself to investigate what went wrong,â€? said Bibbens. 7KH SUREOHPV ZLWK WKH UHĂ HFWLQJ SRRO DUH similarly frustrating. The pool consists of a concrete base completely waterproofed on all sides by hot rubber asphalt, and on the visible surfaces by standard pool ZDWHUSURRĂ€QJ PDWHULDOV :KHQ WKH SRRO ZDV Ă€OOHG ZLWK ZDWHU HDUOLHU WKLV VHPHV-

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The empty r eflecting pool sur r ounding “The Li ving Room.â€? Due to w eather and other concer ns, the moat will not be r e pair ed until next Summer. WHU EXEEOHV Ă RDWHG WR WKH VXUIDFH ´7KDW ODWHG VXSSRUWLQJ OD\HUV RI WKH UHĂ HFWLQJ ZDV RXU Ă€UVW VLJQ VRPHWKLQJ ZDV ZURQJ Âľ pool would cause even more problems. Perri explained. )RU WKHVH UHDVRQV WKH UHĂ HFWLQJ SRRO UHpairs are being deferred until the summer. 3HUUL¡V RIĂ€FH ² DIWHU GHOLEHUDWLQJ ZLWK the architect, contractor, and planning departments – decided that the problem The new facility is centrally located was probably just that the concrete was exuding water that had no place to go, so and well suited to become a hub for YHQWV ZHUH LQVWDOOHG EHQHDWK WKH UHĂ HFWLQJ CMC’s writing culture. We were pool to collect the runoff. Unfortunately, just settling into our space when the the vents began removing far more water leak occurred, and we can’t wait to than had been anticipated: roughly 55 galbe back in Kravis again. lons an hour. )L[LQJ WKH UHĂ HFWLQJ SRRO ZRXOG UHTXLUH invasive reconstruction that would close the walkways on each side of the pool, effectively isolating the Kravis Center from the rest of the campus. To repair the pool while classes are in session would be too GLVUXSWLYH $QG LW FDQ¡W EH Ă€[HG GXULQJ winter break because doing so will probably require stripping the top layer to get at the supporting layers of the pool. This is problematic, Perri explained, because it tends to rain in Claremont during the winter. Getting water in the exposed, uninsu-

Professor Audrey Bilger

Director of the Center for Writing and Public Discourse

“

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Despite these mishaps, however, the administration remains upbeat about the Kravis Center. Perri and Bibbens both highlighted the project’s overall success. &ODUHPRQW 0F.HQQD 'LUHFWRU RI )DFLOLties and Campus Services Brian Worley opines: “Given that there are roughly four thousand connections of [the type that failed in the Center for Writing] in the

On the day of the flood, writing consultations w er e held in the H ub. chilled beam system in Kravis, the failure of two of them is not that bad.â€? While these shortcomings pose an inconvenience to students and faculty alike, we should not overlook the incredible resource that the Kravis Center offers the HQWLUH Ă€YH FROOHJH FRPPXQLW\ 5HFHQWO\ Engineering New Record, a commercial construction industry publication, named the Kravis Center the Best Higher Education/Research Project in all of California DQG PRUH VLJQLĂ€FDQWO\ WKH 5HJLRQ¡V %HVW Project out of 34 project categories. This is a notable honor because the judges of the competition are national leaders in the architectural and construction industries. 3URIHVVRU $XGUH\ %LOJHU )DFXOW\ 'LUHFWRU of the Center for Writing and Public Discourse, echos this praise. “We feel quite fortunate to have been given a space in the Kravis building. The new facility is centrally located and well suited to become a hub for CMC’s writing culture. We were just settling into our space when the leak occurred, and we can’t wait to be back in Kravis again.â€?

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Taiwanese election highlights sovereignty v. cooperation debate By Alvin Huang Staf f Writer, C MC ‘ 1 5

Ma’s challenger is Tsai-Ing Wen of the 'HPRFUDWLF 3URJUHVVLYH 3DUW\ ''3 The DDP champions Taiwanese indeSince the two entities split amid civil pendence and is often critical of Ma’s war in 1949, China and Taiwan have eagerness to work closely with Beijing. made this animosity the basis of their On several occasions, Wen has criticized relationship. While both insist that Ma for willingly tarnishing Taiwanese WKHUH LV RQO\ RQH &KLQD 7DLZDQ¡V RIĂ€- sovereignty and dignity in his dialogue FLDO QDPH LV WKH 5HSXEOLF RI &KLQD DQG with Beijing. Though most Taiwanese each claim legitimacy, both parties agree support continued amity with China, a that a system of two governments is the growing number of people are starting best course of action. The Taiwanese to turn their support away from Ma and government operates independently of towards Wen. Beijing, and likewise, Beijing tends stay out of Taiwan’s domestic affairs. In re- 7KRXJK 0D VWLOO HQMR\V D VLJQLĂ€FDQW cent years, however, China and Taiwan lead in the polls, his reelection is far have been on a path of mutual coopera- from secured. In recent months Ma has tion and growth in the form of cultural become increasingly vulnerable. His exchange programs and closer eco- mishandling of the Morakot typhoon nomic ties. Unfortunately, this period disaster coupled with rising unemployof tranquility may soon be shattered. ment and economic stagnation has disappointed made many of his supporters. Ma, ZKR ZRQ WKH SUHVidential elections with 60 percent of the vote, saw his approval ratings drop to 16 percent in July of last year. Today it remains at a dismal 45 percent.

the cross strait relationship,â€? Pei said. ´:H FDQ SUREDEO\ H[SHFW D VLJQLĂ€FDQW emphasis from the DDP on independence, thereby cooling relations across the strait.â€?

However, despite low approval ratings, many still believe that Ma’s reelection is imperative for the continuation of cross-strait dialogue. Agreeing with this analysis is Minxin Pei, Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College and Director of the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies. Pei explained that Ma has taken a “pragmatic approach to seeking stability and that Ma’s efforts have led to improved commercial WLHV UHVXOWLQJ LQ PXWXDOO\ EHQHĂ€FLDO IUHH trade agreements.â€? Yet despite all of Ma’s accomplishments, Pei believes that this election places Taiwan at a delicate point. “The election of Tsai Ing Wen can bring about an abrupt change in

)RUWXQDWHO\ VXFK D YLWULROLF VHQWLPHQW LV absent from the Claremont scene. Bonnie Yan CMC ‘15, an international student from Shanghai explained, “Among the youth, there is no animosity. Though several of my Taiwanese friends are proud of their cultural identity, they have remained respectful of mine.â€? When asked about her thoughts on the upcoming Taiwanese elections, Yan noted that the political undertones of the election are trivial and divisive. “The real issue that should be discussed,â€? she said, “is how we can continue to foster mutuDOO\ EHQHĂ€FLDO HFRQRPLF WLHV 3HRSOH DUH interested in job creation, higher wages, and better standards of living. Everything else is irrelevant.â€?

:LWK WKH 7DLZDQHVH SUHVLGHQWLDO elections just around the corner, the issue of cross-strait relations is once again at the forefront of the political fray. President Ma-Ying Jeou of the ruling .XRPLQWDQJ .07 SDUW\ KDV D VWURQJ record of promoting closer ties with Beijing. Ma, a Harvard educated lawyer, opened up high level dialogue for the ÀUVW WLPH EHWZHHQ WKH WZR JRYHUQPHQWV He also pushed for several free trade agreements that have led to the elimination of more than 90 percent of the tariffs put on Taiwanese products. Recently, he signed legislation creating the ÀUVW GLUHFW à LJKW DQG RSHQ LPPLJUDWLRQ policy between Taipei and Beijing.

Pei also thinks that Wen’s platform concerning cross-strait relations is “very vague.� Regarding Wen’s recent proposal for a national referendum supporting closer ties with Beijing, Pei shook his head in disapproval. “Such a proposal,� he explained, “sets a dangerous precedent that Beijing will not appreciate. This proposal concerns closer ties. What if the next one she proposes concerns independence?� Pei went on to criticize Wen’s ambiguity. “What does she mean by closer ties? Is it binding? Does it have the effect of law?� Pei’s analysis of the situation highlights an important distinction between the KMT and DDP. Members of the KMT see China as a potentially ally, at least, in the economic sense. Members of the DDP, however, see China as the opposition and the root cause of their problems. They believe deeply that a true Taiwanese must not consider himself as Chinese in any sense.

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=Ykaf_ aflg =KD International students overcome language barrier in writing Claremont McKenna’s international students are one of our greatest assets. Providing a different perspective on world events and cultural issues to the college community, international students offer Ă€UVWKDQG HWKQLF XQGHUVWDQGLQJV WR $PHUican students and give these students more accurate perceptions of their life circumstances in a global context. )RU PDQ\ LQWHUQDWLRQDO VWXGHQWV KRZever, adjusting to the demands of American college life is not as easy as simply increasing their English vocabulary. “It’s more than just a language hump that international students face,â€? explained Donald Delgado, director of International Place at the Claremont Colleges. “Rather, there is a whole set of cultural assumptions that the U.S. classroom makes that international students must navigate.â€? With the second highest number of international students of all of the Claremont Colleges, 138 international students in total, 18 percent of CMC’s current freshman class is made up of international students, the most in the college’s history. As a result, the issues that international students face both in and out of the classroom are gathering more and more attention in Claremont. “Non-native English speaking students are incredibly bright, but they face a certain obstacle,â€? noted Audrey Bilger, ProIHVVRU RI /LWHUDWXUH DQG )DFXOW\ 'LUHFtor of the Center for Writing and Public Discourse at CMC. “As a professor, if a student is struggling with some issue I want to make sure that that student has the best possible assistance.â€?

course, CMC also hired a new Visiting Instructor of English as a Second LanJXDJH 6X]DQQH )RQWDLQH

In addition to the basic knowledge of American government that is required for the course, class discussions, which require a student to think quickly and for)RQWDLQH ZLOO ZRUN ZLWK VWXGHQWV RQ mulate responses to other students’ comAmerican idioms, essay-writing, note-tak- ments, also pose issues to international LQJ DQG HOHPHQWV RI JUDPPDU )XUWKHU- students, according to Shou. PRUH )RQWDLQH ZLOO DVVLVW LQWHUQDWLRQDO students with pronunciation and accent control, discussion participation strategies, and presentation skills. They help me a lot, but only for 0DQ\ RI WKH ODQJXDJH GLIĂ€FXOWLHV WKDW LQternational students face in the American classroom, however, cannot simply be taught to them through ESL instruction or words alone. “I don’t have problems with grammar – my sentences are right. When I give my essays to my American students and professors they tell me my sentences are right, but they just don’t sound right together,â€? explained Shitong “Stoneâ€? Shou CMC ‘14 an international student from China. Shou also said that he takes his essays to the Center for Writing and has met with professors for help. “They help me a lot, but only for that one essay. It is very hard to verbalize these writing issues. I have improved a lot because I have been here for a long time and have been exposed to a lot of work, not because somebody has taught me,â€? he observed. Language barriers are not the only issues that international students face in the classroom. Many international students at &0& FLWH *RYHUQPHQW ,QWURGXFWRU\ to American Politics, as one of the hardest classes they take in college.

“

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By Sam Kahr Ca mp us Editor, CMC ‘ 1 4

that one essay. It is very hard to verbalize these writing issues. Shitong “Stone� Shou

CMC ‘14, an international student from China

The administration understands these difĂ€FXOWLHV DQG LV DWWHPSWLQJ WR SURYLGH LQternational students with an orientation to cultural issues and the academic requirements of the American classroom through International Place. The freshman orientation for international students focuses on student-faculty relationships, how to contact other students and ways to participate in classroom discussions. “We try to squeeze as much as we can into a 60 minute time frame,â€? explained Delgado. “Many students, however, come from a system where these issues are not the norm. )RU H[DPSOH LQ VRPH SODFHV DVNLQJ D TXHVtion in class is an admission of failure.â€?

With these obstacles affecting international students’ learning at the Claremont Colleges, it is important for students who speak (QJOLVK DV D ÀUVW ODQJXDJH WR NHHS WKHVH concerns in mind.

“I think it is exciting that we have so many international students on campus,â€? Bilger ´>,Q *RY @ , IRXQG P\VHOI ZLWK D remarked. “They provide a broader conlack of common knowledge that other text for learning and our entire community American students had,â€? said Shou. “In EHQHĂ€WV IURP WKHP , VXSSRUW WKH DGPLVIn addition to providing writing resources China, schools do not require that you VLRQ RIĂ€FH¡V UHFUXLWPHQW HIIRUWV DQG , DP IRU WKH LQĂ X[ RI LQWHUQDWLRQDO VWXGHQWV DW study politics, especially American poli- excited to help provide resources for these the Center for Writing and Public Dis- tics.â€? students.â€? n g d m e ] A P a k k m ] ) t [ d Y j ] e g f l h g j l k a \ ] & [ g e t g [ l g Z ] j ) ) t h Y _ ] ) /


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9 <aklgjl]\ D]fk7 )URP $UJHQWLQD WR &ODUHPRQW Ă€OPV FURVV FXOWXUDO ERXQGDULHV By Logan Galansky Staf f Writer, PO ‘ 1 4 Have you ever seen an Argentinean movie? Despite numerous Oscar nominations and its status as the only Latin American country and one of two Spanish-speaking nations to win the Academy Award for %HVW )RUHLJQ /DQJXDJH )LOP $UJHQWLQD¡V Ă€OP LQGXVWU\ LV GHFOLQLQJ GXH WR OLPLWHG distribution, low national viewing rates DQG VPDOO SURĂ€WV In an attempt to generate revenue and SURWHFW QDWLRQDO Ă€OPPDNHUV WKH $UJHQWLQHDQ )LOP ,QVWLWXWH LPSOHPHQWHG D SURWHFWLRQLVW DFW WKDW VHWV Ă€QHV RQ IRUHLJQ Ă€OPV 7KH WD[ ZKLFK FDQ EH DV KLJK DV URXJKO\ LV LQWHQGHG WR KHOS WKH WR GRPHVWLFDOO\ SURGXFHG Ă€OPV WKDW VWUXJJOH WR Ă€QG WKHDWHUV WR VFUHHQ WKHLU productions because they must compete against the more popular Hollywood blockbusters. However, this tax will also impact the VKRZLQJ RI VPDOOHU LQGHSHQGHQW Ă€OPV from other countries by making it too H[SHQVLYH IRU WKHVH Ă€OPV WR EH SXW LQ Argentinean theaters. Since the law does not emphasize restricting the number of VFUHHQV WKDW LPSRUWHG Ă€OPV FDQ EH VKRZQ on, in the end it may not even help the naWLRQDO Ă€OPPDNHUV WU\LQJ WR FRQWHQG ZLWK $PHULFDQ PDGH Ă€OPV The act is part of Argentina’s greater protectionist policies that have been levied in an effort to make the number of goods and services imported match the number of those exported. Many ArJHQWLQHDQ Ă€OPPDNHUV VXFK DV 0D[L 'Xbois, the creative force behind the newly UHOHDVHG Ă€OP GĂźelcom, are in support of the act as a way to balance the “unfair Ă€JKWÂľ EHWZHHQ $UJHQWLQHDQ Ă€OPV DQG Hollywood productions like Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides and Kung Fu Panda 2, which sold over 500 copies to Argentinean theaters.

Yet others, like Julio Raffo, a prominent $UJHQWLQHDQ Ă€OPPDNHU DQG D SURIHVVRU at Cuba’s esteemed International Cinema and Television School, think that the government measures will have an adverse effect by “mixing a revenue-raising policy with a protectionist policy.â€? Since there is no guarantee that the act will increase attendance at showings of domestic films, Raffo believes that it will “help raise more money for the Institute, but it won’t help national cinema.â€?

Argentinean audiences could experience DQ DOO $UDE ÀOP VKRZFDVH ,Q DGGLWLRQ WR WKH ÀOP VKRZLQJV WKH HYHQW LQFOXGHG co-production forums and networking workshops geared toward facilitating industry relationships and future collaboraWLRQ HIIRUWV $UJHQWLQHDQ ÀOP SURGXFHUV were also able to present and share coSURGXFWLRQ DQG VXVWDLQDEOH ÀOPPDNLQJ techniques with their Middle Eastern colleagues.

The positive impact of showing smaller LQGHSHQGHQW DQG IRUHLJQ Ă€OPV LV H[HPSOLĂ€HG E\ WKH SRSXODULW\ RI WKH 6XQGDQFH $UJHQWLQD¡V Ă€OP SURWHFWLRQLVW DFW FRXOG )LOP )HVWLYDO DQG VLPLODU HYHQWV $OVR LQ also limit the continuance of cultur- WKLV YHLQ LV WKH DQQXDO 0DXL )LOP )HVWLYDO ally enriching events, like Arab Cinema which focuses on increasing understandWeek, which took place in Buenos Aires ing of native island culture by dedicating this past June. The event was intended to D SRUWLRQ RI WKH Ă€OPV WR RQHV ZLWK LQGLJHfoster “cultural exchange and increasing nous Hawaiian themes. These events have XQGHUVWDQGLQJÂľ DQG ZDV WKH Ă€UVW WLPH WKDW SURYLGHG DQ DXGLHQFH IRU PDQ\ LQĂ XHQWLDO DQG HQWHUWDLQLQJ Ă€OPV WKDW RWKHUZLVH PD\ have been lost among mainstream blockbusters. “I think that college campuses, especially those as diverse and tolerant as the 5Cs, can be true breeding grounds for LQGHSHQGHQW Ă€OPV Âľ FRPPHQWHG 'DQLHO /D3RRN 32 Âś $ 0HGLD 6WXGLHV PDMRU and resident of the Oldenborg Center for Modern Languages and International Relations, LaPook describes himself as a Ă€OP HQWKXVLDVW “It’s of course fun to see those entertaining Hollywood hits,â€? LaPook said, “but WKH JUHDW WKLQJ DERXW Ă€OP LV WKDW \RX FDQ immerse yourself in a world that is completely different from your own and learn about different cultures in a way that you wouldn’t get from something like Transformers or The Hangover.â€? The Oldenborg Center is one of many ways that students at the Claremont Colleges can experience other cultures. The center requires students living there to attend certain cultural events each semester,

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a dimension that LaPook has enjoyed so far. “We just watched Aparte last week and it opened me up to some of the hardships in Uruguay that I would have never otherwise have had a perspective on. I also liked that it was in the native language because it created a level of authenticity and really made me focus on the high quality RI WKH Ă€OP Âľ Argentina is not the only country attempting to use protectionist policies WR SURPRWH ORFDO Ă€OP SURGXFWLRQ %RWK South Korea and China have implemented similar taxes and quotas on foreign Ă€OPV ZKLFK KDYH EHQHĂ€WHG WKHLU QDWLRQDO Ă€OP LQGXVWULHV QRW RQO\ HFRQRPLFDOO\ EXW also creatively by improving the quality of Ă€OP SURGXFWLRQ Additionally, the United Nations EduFDWLRQDO 6FLHQWLĂ€F DQG &XOWXUDO 2UJDQL]DWLRQ 81(6&2 LV LQ WKH SURFHVV RI ratifying an international treaty that will establish trade laws intended to protect LQGLJHQRXV Ă€OPV 7KH WUHDW\ KDV PHW much controversy over the economic and social implications of legal measures that could both foster and limit cultural exposure. Timothy Craddock, the United Kingdom

Ambassador to UNESCO and an advocate of the treaty, stated, “this convention is to‌help countries promote their own culture and creative industries in a way WKDW¡V VHW GRZQ LQ ODZ IRU WKH Ă€UVW WLPH Âľ

there, I started getting into other foreign ÀOPV WKDW KDYH D QLFKH LQ $PHULFDQ LQGLH culture, like Amelie, and I was opened up to a whole network of new movies and cultures.�

National Public Radio correspondent Elizabeth Blair further explained that the WUHDW\ ´FRGLĂ€HV RQ DQ LQWHUQDWLRQDO OHYHO a belief that culture is not only about economics, but also about international identity.â€? Nevertheless, Blair went on to say that “culture and commerce are intertwined.â€?

Kyl has found that there is a divide among students at the Claremont Colleges reJDUGLQJ IRUHLJQ ÀOPV 7KHUH DUH PDQ\ students, she said, who are willing to put WKH HIIRUW LQWR ÀQGLQJ DQG ZDWFKLQJ IRUeign features, but many students are also discouraged by the assumption that these ÀOPV DUH KDUGHU WR HQMR\ EHFDXVH RI VXEtitles or a slower pace.

:KLOH LW LV HVVHQWLDO IRU Ă€OPPDNHUV WR EH able to relate their stories to the nations that they are connected to, it is also important to give people the opportunity to learn about and gain an understanding of other cultures through a medium DV VWURQJO\ LQĂ XHQWLDO DV Ă€OP 6WHYH 6RORW the head of the Latin America branch of the Motion Picture Association, argues that “entertainment product must be‌ GLYHUVLĂ€HGÂľ DQG LQWHUQDWLRQDO SDUWQHUships are key in achieving such goals.

´$V VRSKRPRUH FODVV SUHVLGHQW , DP GHĂ€nitely interested in promoting greater cultural awareness through media at Pomona and at the 5Cs as a whole,â€? Kyl went on to say. She emphasized the need to build a foundational desire to see non-American SURGXFWLRQV E\ Ă€UVW VKRZLQJ PRUH IRUHLJQ Ă€OPV ZLWK JUHDWHU UHFRJQLWLRQ OLNH Oscar-winners.

Overall, Kyl argued that “if there’s a VWURQJ GHVLUH IRU PRUH IRUHLJQ Ă€OPV WR Thus, aside from their economic effects, be shown on campus, students can absoWKH Ă€OP SURWHFWLRQLVW DFWV LQ $UJHQWLQD lutely work with ASPC, or their respective and the UNESCO treaty on indigenous Senates, to make that happen.â€? Efforts Ă€OPV UDLVH EURDGHU TXHVWLRQV DERXW WKH to expose students to other ways of life value of cultural awareness. These poli- are undoubtedly taking place across the FLHV JUHDWO\ DIIHFW WKH UROH RI Ă€OP LQ SUR- Claremont Colleges. With Pomona’s Inviding viewers with new insights on alter- ternational Relations Colloquium, Pitzer nate lifestyles, such as what we experience &ROOHJH¡V 6SDQLVK /DQJXDJH )LOP 6HULHV here at cultural events at the Claremont Claremont McKenna’s Athenaeum speakColleges. ers and the International Place banquet at the end of each year, it is clear that op)UDQFHV .\O 32 Âś QHZO\ HOHFWHG 3RPR- portunities to learn about different culna College Sophomore Class President tures exists. But we can always do more. DQG DQ DYLG 6SDQLVK Ă€OP IDQ WKLQNV WKDW students are receptive to other cultures )RUHLJQ Ă€OPV DOORZ YLHZHUV WR H[SDQG but still wants to incorporate more for- their knowledge and reassess the condieign events to the 5C social scene. tions of their lives. Hopefully, the ArgenWLQHDQ Ă€OP SURWHFWLRQLVW DFWV ZLOO VXFFHHG ´, Ă€QG D ORW RI YDOXH LQ IRUHLJQ Ă€OPV Âľ .\O DW SUHVHUYLQJ D QDWLRQDO Ă€OP LGHQWLW\ ZLWKsaid, “After seeing Pan’s Labyrinth, I be- out undercutting the understanding of FDPH UHDOO\ LQWHUHVWHG LQ 6SDQLVK Ă€OPV HV- other cultures that can be forged through SHFLDOO\ WKRVH RI 3HGUR $OPRGyYDU )URP Ă€OP n g d m e ] A P a k k m ] ) t [ d Y j ] e g f l h g j l k a \ ] & [ g e t g [ l g Z ] j ) ) t h Y _ ] ) 1


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:]qgf\ l`] :]dloYq Inspiration to innovate trickles down to the 5Cs By Mark Munro Sen i o r Writer, CMC ‘ 1 2

directed Google.org’s development initiatives.

'HSDUWPHQW RI (GXFDWLRQ (' $V RQH RI KHU IRUPHU LQWHUQV +DQQDK /DXEHU &0& ¡ Jonathan Greenblatt traces his commitment to UHĂ HFWHG RQ KHU WLPH DW (' ´7DU\Q FKDOOHQJHG It is not often that government captures our public service back to then-Governor Clinton’s me to think outside the box about my own imagination. President Barack Obama may not FDPSDLJQ LQ $UNDQVDV ZKLFK OHG WR professional path and to be open to unexpected have saturated the economy with jobs, but he a job as an aide in the Clinton White House opportunities. Working at ED helped me to has inspired me to change the way I think about and Department of Commerce, focusing on better understand the relationship between the private sector’s role in delivering social SRVW FRQĂ LFW HFRQRPLHV *UHHQEODWW ODWHU FR the different players in the public sector, and services. Along with the President’s proposed founded Ethos Waters with Peter Thum CMC encouraged me to think about how I could Ă€QDQFLDO \HDU EXGJHW WKH DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ ’90, and went on to serve as vice president of improve those relationships by fostering allowed agencies to issue contracts for “pay- consumer products after Starbucks acquired communication and development of shared IRU VXFFHVV ERQGV Âľ ZLWK XS WR PLOOLRQ IRU WKHLU Ă€UP goals.â€? pilot initiatives across areas such as education, juvenile justice and childcare. While Shah and Greenblatt represent just a fraction of the fervent leaders working across Pay-for-success bonds aim to enhance the the public and social sectors on innovations performance of government services, allowing like pay-for-success bonds, we should also look private investors to pay for the start-up costs to our peers at the Claremont Colleges. Harvey of an innovative take on a social program. The Mudd’s chapter of Engineers for a Sustainable government then repays the investors based on World has applied their technical expertise social improvement, but only if the program to harnessing solar energy, which powers the meets the desired social target. Crippled by secondary school and hospital in the village of the risk that early interventions will not elicit Ngomano, Kenya. the desired outcomes, the public sector largely focuses its resources on treating the symptoms Young alumni offer us examples in which of social inequality rather than the underlying leadership and a willingness to take the road causes. less travelled literally pays off. Each year, Pilgrim Place, a local retirement community, Who are the social innovation bad-asses behind RIIHUV WZR 1DSLHU $ZDUGV IRU &UHDWLYH pay-for-success bonds? Jonathan Greenblatt /HDGHUVKLS WR JUDGXDWLQJ VHQLRUV DW WKH Ă€YH UHFHQWO\ MRLQHG WKH :KLWH +RXVH 2IĂ€FH RI Claremont Colleges. Last year, Jacob Cohen Just as the Obama administration has bolstered Social Innovation and Civic Participation as its PO ’11 won for his work with the Vietnamese social innovation, the 5Cs and each student director, replacing Sonal Shah, who resigned in Americans in New Orleans, launching the body have a responsibility to promote social $XJXVW DIWHU IRXQGLQJ WKH RIĂ€FH LQ Raise Your Hand Campaign, which engages sector work. Individually, the colleges should high school youth to form a collective voice strive to break down their own institutional After graduating in 1990 with a degree in and advocate for solutions to lessen the EDUULHUV EHWZHHQ WKHLU DOXPQL RIĂ€FH DQG economics from University of Chicago, achievement gap. career services center, and give students more Shah took a year to trek through Kenya, opportunities to learn from alumni who have Mozambique and India. She later spent six Aside from providing us with an exemplar SURVSHUHG LQ WKH VRFLDO VHFWRU )LQDOO\ VWXGHQWV years at the Treasury Department, taking to follow, alumni across the Claremont particularly upperclassmen, should share their roles ranging from an attachĂŠ in Bosnia sent Colleges are eager to share their own career knowledge with their peers interested in careers to restore the central banking system to a debt paths. In the past two years, four Claremont within the social sector. The social sector has negotiator for African nations. Goldman Sachs McKenna students – including myself – have captured my imagination, and I hope it inspires HYHQWXDOO\ WDSSHG KHU WR GHYHORS WKHLU Ă€UP interned with Taryn Benarroch CMC ’05, the more 5C students to follow in the footsteps of wide environmental strategy, and afterward she TEACH campaign project director at the U.S. the alumni who have gone before us.