Page 1

WHEN IT’S HOT, LOCAL MEDIA REMINDS READERS THAT THEY LIVE IN WILDFIRE COUNTRY. IN WILDFIRE COUNTRY “IT’S NOT RETREAT- IT’S FIGHT BACK”


EARLY FIRE HISTORY FOR THE EAST BAY HAS NOT BEEN ARCHIVED, BUT WE KNOW ABOUT THE BIG ONES

EVERYONE IN BERKELEY WAS SURPRISED ON SEPTEMBER 17, 1923 WHEN A FIRE APPEARED ON THE RIDGE AND RACED DOWNHILL FOR TWO HOURS THROUGH 584 HOMES THE BERKELEY FIRE WAS CALIFORNIA'S MOST DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRE FOR THE NEXT 67 YEARS


AFTER THE BERKELEY FIRE, TWO REGIONAL AGENCIES WERE FORMED. BOTH MANAGED LAND AND PROVIDED EARLY RESPONSE FIRE FIGHTING EAST OF THE HILLS. EBMUD IN 1923- TO FIND A RELIABLE WATER SUPPLY FOR GROWING EAST BAY CITIES, AND TO OWN 24,000 ACRES OF LOCAL WATERSHED IN 1928. EBRPD IN 1934- TO EVENTUALLY OWN 13,000 ACRES OF PARKLAND EAST OF THE HILLS.

1923 FIRE


NO MAJOR FIRES OCCURRED UNTIL THE FISH FIRE

CALIFORNIA AFLAME 1970 FIRST CALIFORNIA SIEGE OF FIRES OVER 13 DAYS. 733 FIRES DESTROYED 722 HOMES, 580,000 ACRES BURNED, AND 16 LIVES LOST

EVERYONE IN OAKLAND WAS SURPRISED ON SEPTEMBER 22, 1970 WHEN A FIRE DESTROYED 36 HOMES AND DAMAGED 37 HOMES IN 70 MINUTES


FOUR CORNERS

1970 FISH FIRE

FISHRANCH ROAD

PARKWOODS APTS.

CLAREMONT CANYON

GARBER PARK

WIND DRIVEN, 70 MINUTE FIRE SPREAD


FOUR CORNERS

1970 FISH FIRE

FISHRANCH ROAD

PARKWOODS APTS.

CLAREMONT CANYON

GARBER PARK

WIND DRIVEN, 70 MINUTE FIRE SPREAD


1972 FREEZE A NINE DAY NOVEMBER FREEZE KILLED OR DAMAGED THOUSANDS OF EUCALYPTUS TREES WITH 800 ACRES CLEARED IN 3 YEARS BY EBRPD, EBMUD, UC, AND OAKLAND. THE FIRST HILL FUELBREAK IS CREATED ALONG THE HIGH RIDGE. STUMP SPROUTS WERE BEING CONTROLLED BY TWO EUC CREWS UNTIL HERBICIDE OPPOSITION AND PROP. #13 RESULTED IN CREW REASSIGNMENT. COPPICE SUCKERS ARE NOW 50’ TREES


1972 EUCALYPTUS FREEZE IMPACTS


5 HOMES WERE LOST IN A WIND-DRIVEN FIRE AT 2 PM ON DECEMBER 2. 1980 FROM A POWERLINE IGNITION ON WILDCAT CANYON ROAD THAT SPREAD UNDER EUCALYPTUS TREES 5 MAYORS DEMANDED THAT A BLUE RIBBON COMMITTEE BE FORMED TO DEVELOP A NEW FIRE PLAN


1. FIRES WOULD START EAST OF THE RIDGE IN PARKLAND 2. FIRES WOULD BURN FAST UPHILL

3. FUELBREAKS AND QUICK FIREFIGHTING AT THE RIDGE WOULD STOP PARK FIRES BEFORE HOMES ARE INVOLVED

4. THE "E" CITY ZONE DESIGNATION WOULD RESULT IN FIRE READY INTERFACE RESIDENTIAL AREAS

5. FORM A JOINT POWERS AGENCY TO MANAGE THE HILL FIRE HAZARD PROBLEM

A PAPER PLAN WITH LITTLE AGENCY IMPLEMENTATION

106 PAGES


9 YEARS LATER

OAKLAND WAS SURPRISED ON OCTOBER 20, 1991 BY A RAGING FIRESTORM IN TUNNEL CANYON


IT BEGAN HERE

SATURDAY FIRE- NO WIND. SUNDAY REKINDLE- 40MPH DIABLO WINDS.


MANY RESIDENTS HAD JUST MINUTES TO FLEE FOR THEIR LIVES.

NEXT 5 MINUTES

AND, THEY HAD TO EVACUATE WITHOUT A WARNING OR A CLEAR PLAN ! 25 FATALITIES HERE. ONLY 3 WAYS OUT

FIRST RESPONDERS WERE TOTALLY INVOLVED IN EVACUATING RESIDENTS, AND COULD NOT FIGHT FIRE UNTIL THE WINDS CHANGE

NEXT 25 MINUTES


TRYING TO STOP THE FIRE IN THIS AREA WAS FUTILE

O

M

IT BLEW ONE MILE THROUGH 790 HOMES IN LESS THE ONE HOUR ONE HOUSE IN EVERY 11 SECONDS

10-12 NOON

G IN RN

D IN W


1:00

N O O N ER ND FT WI

A


5:00

450 ENGINES AND 1,500 FIREFIGHTERS RESPOND BY DAYS END

25 DIE, 3,000 HOMES LOST, 1,520 ACRES BURNED, AND 10,000 PEOPLE EVACUATED


A WOOD HOUSE SURROUNDED BY PINE AND EUCALYPTUS BEFORE THE 1991 FIRE- LOST IN THE FIRE


PINES ALONG OAKLAND’S OPEN SPACE HILLSIDE


TUNNEL CANYON HOMES WITH TALL EUCALYPTUS AND PINE TREES


TUNNEL CANYON EUCALYPTUS, PINE, FLAMMABLE HOMES, AND DIABLO WINDS


PINES AND EUCALYPTUS NEAR TUNNEL HOMES AND PARKWOODS APARTMENTS


EUCALYPTUS ABOVE HWY #24, AND PINE HILLSIDE NEAR HILLER HIGHLANDS


TUNNEL CANYON TUNNEL CANYON AFTER THE 1991 WILDFIRE TUNNEL CANYON 2 YRS AFTER WILDFIRE


HILLER HIGHLANDS


NORTH THORNHILL CANYON


ROCKRIDGE


ALVARADO AND VICINTE


CLAREMONT CANYON


HOW COULD THIS HAPPEN ? NO ONE TOLD US !

WHO'S AT FAULT ?

NEVER AGAIN !


AFTER THREE YEARS OF WORK, THE 1995 HILLS EMERGENCY FORUM FIRE HAZARD MITIGATION PROGRAM & PLAN WAS ACCEPTED BY ALL AGENCIES…..NO EIR !

430 PAGES


THE 1995 PLAN IDENTIFIED WHERE THE FIRE HAZARDS ARE

D NE BI HI

ON

T EN S ID RE

TI TA GE VE

M CO

AGENCY FUEL MANAGEMENT

LL EH FIR D

AR

D

AR

D

AR

AZ

AZ

AZ

EH

IR

EH

LF

FIR

IA


DIABLO WINDS

WE KNOW THE EAST BAY HAS A HISTORY OF DIABLO WIND FIRES WITH REPEATS IN SEVERAL AREAS


1980

1923

1953

WE NOW KNOW HOW INCREASINGLY DANGEROUS FIRES HAVE BEHAVED

1905

1970

1991


WE NOW KNOWKNOW WHERE THE FIRE THREAT IS THE WE NOW

MOST SERIOUS, WHY, AND WHO IS RESPONSIBLE


THINGS WE CAN’T CHANGE THE REALITY OF CALIFORNIA’S MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE

ONLY FIVE AREAS IN THE WORLD

MEDITERRANEAN

CALIFORNIA

CHILE

S. AFRICA

COOL-WET WINTERS, HOT-DRY SUMMERS, FLAMMABLE FALL VEGETATION COASTAL FOEHN WINDS

AUSTRALIA

AUSTRALIA’S BLACK SATURDAY FIRES OF 2009


THINGS WE CAN’T CHANGE

CURRENTLY UNSTOPPABLE EARTHQUAKE ZONE- GRAY


THINGS WE CAN’T CHANGE

WILDFIRE ZONE

EARTH QUAKE ZONE

POTENTIALLY UNSTOPPABLE DIABLO WIND WILDFIRE ZONE- RED


THINGS WE CAN’T CHANGE 40 MPH DIABLO WINDS AND 40% SLOPES


THINGS WE CAN’T CHANGE

PG&E FIRES AND BANKRUPTCY- CAN UTILITIES PREVENT ALL IGNITIONS ?


THERE WAS A STRATEGY IN THE 1995 HEF PLAN

DIABLO WIND FIRES WILL OCCUR HERE THAT FIRE DEPARTMENTS MAY NOT BE ABLE TO STOP

AN 8’ MAXIMUM FLAME BUFFER (500’) INSTALLED HERE BETWEEN WILDLAND VEGETATION AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS

EUCALYPTUS AND PINE ARE MANAGED OR REMOVED TO REDUCE EMBERS BLOWING OVER THE BUFFER INTO HOMES

FIRE FIGHTERS WOULD WORK TO SAVE EMBER RESISTANT HOMES WITH DEFENSIBLE SPACE IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS


THE JOINT AGENCY 1995 HEF PLAN WAS DEBATED FOR 5 YEARS AND EVENTUALLY TOSSED REGIONAL FIRE MITIGATION PLANNING 1995- FOUR YEARS OF SERIOUS DEBATE RAGE ON ABOUT THE HEF PLAN FOCUSING ON ENVIRONMENTAL DETAILS, EUCALYPTUS TREES, THE 500’ BUFFER ZONE, LANDSLIDES, SPECIAL RESOURCE PROTECTION, PROJECT COSTS, AND THE LACK OF AN EIR. 2000- A TEMESCAL 40 MEMBER WORKING GROUP IS FORMED BY STATE ASSEMBLYMAN TOM BATES, FEMA URBAN WILDFIRE SPECIALIST LEO LEVENSON, AND EBRPD AGM JERRY KENT. THEY ARE ABLE TO REACHED AGREEMENT ON AN UPDATED JOINT AGENCY FIRE PLAN OUTLINE AND AND OUTLINE FOR A PROJECT EIR. THE PARK BOARD AGREED TO SUPPORT THE PLAN OUTLINE AND TO SEEK FUNDING FOR REQUIRED CONSULTS. 2004- EBRPD MEASURE CC PASSES WITH $1 MILLION FOR AN UPDATED JOINT AGENCY PLAN AND PROGRAMMATIC EIR WITH $9 MILLION FOR PARK DISTRICT FIRE MITIGATION PROJECTS. 2005 HEF AGENCIES DECIDE NOT TO DO A JOINT PROGRAMMATIC EIR AND TO GO IT ALONE WITH INDIVIDUAL VEGETATION MANAGEMENT PLANS AND EIRS. CITY FIRE MITIGATION PLANNING OAKLAND AND BERKELEY APPROVE PARCEL TAX FUNDING FOR THEIR CITY FIRE MITIGATION PROGRAMS. CITIES DEVELOP AND RUN THEIR OWN LOCAL CITY PROGRAMS FOR DEFENSIBLE SPACE, EMERGENCY EVACUATION, AND FOR UPDATED FIRE SUPPRESSION CAPABILITY. THE EAST BAY HILLS EMERGENCY FORUM HAS CONTINUED TO PROVIDE ACTIVE LEADERSHIP FOR MEMBER AGENCIES FOR THE PAST 27 YEARS.


THE BERKELEY LAB ADOPTED ITS OWN WILDLAND FIRE REDUCTION PROGRAM IN 2000


EBMUD ADOPTED ITS FIRE MANAGEMENT PLAN IN 2000

ORIGINAL PLAN- 2000 UPDATED PLAN- 2017

ORIGINAL PLAN -2000 UPDATED PLAN- 2018


2005- USING MEASURE CC FUNDING, THE PARK DISTRICT BEGAN WORK ON ITS WILDFIRE HAZARD REDUCTION, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN, AND EIR FOR HILL REGIONAL PARKS

AFTER 5 YEARS AND $1 MILLION, THE PLAN IS COMPLETED IN 2010


ALAMEDA AND CONTRA COSTA COUNTIES BOTH PRODUCED CWPP’S MAJOR PROJECTS REQUIRE CEQA COMPLIANCE, AND CWPP’S ARE NOT READY FOR LARGE GRANTS

2012

2014


IN 2006, OAKLAND, UC, AND EBRPD WERE AWARDED GRANTS TOTALING $5.6 MILLION. FEMA THEN LAUNCHED A 9 YEAR EIS PROCESS COVERING 2,059 PROPOSED ACTION AND CONNECTED ACRES. A USFWS BIOLOGICAL OPINION COVERED 3,152 ACTION AND CONNECTED ACRES.

COSTS ARE UNKNOWN, BUT GUESSES ARE ABOVE $10 MILLION


OPPOSITION TO EUCALYPTUS AND PINE TREE PROJECTS HIGH JACKED THE FEMA EIS PROCESS

Clear-cutting will kill 500,000 trees The fire hazard claim is a nativist myth- leave forests alone Eucalyptus have naturalized- “no xenophobia” Eucalypts stop fires. Just clean up the debris Eucalyptus and pine will be replaced by grasslands and shrubs, and fire risks will be increased Eucalyptus are being scapegoated, and are not a fire problem It’s a pro eradication and pro herbicide plan We like living in the hills and accept the fire risk

“I want to live in the urban/wildland interface, and want everyone to respect my right to put myself in harm’s way”


OAKLAND AND BERKELEY AND OTHER AGENCIES PREPARED LOCAL HAZARD MITIGATION PLANS

2016

2014 “THE CITY WILL PUT THE WPAD ON THE BALLOT AGAIN”

“Berkeley is most vulnerable to a winddriven fire from land owned by UC Berkeley, the East Bay,Regional Park District, and the City of Oakland”


OAKLAND’S $650,000 DRAFT PLAN FOR 1,900 ACRES OF CITY PARKLAND IS CURRENTLY BEING REVIEWED AND REVISED. NEXT DRAFT DUE IN MARCH OF 2019

600 PAGES


AS WE STRUGGLED IN THE EAST BAY, THE SCIENCE OF FOREST MANAGEMENT CHANGED, WITH IMPACTS FOR MANAGING CALIFORNIA’S FORESTS NEAR OR IN HIGH RISK WUI’s. WE ARE NOW TOLD THAT100 YEARS OF FOREST MANAGEMENT WAS WRONG AND THAT HOUSES CAN BEST BE PROTECTED IF HOMES ARE EMBER RESISTANT AND VEGETATION IS MANAGED IN HOME IGNITION ZONES (HIZ)

100 YEARS OF FIRE EXCLUSION WAS WRONG

THINNING AND PRESCRIBED FIRE IS RIGHT THIS IS TRUE TODAY FOR DENSLY DEVELOPED WUI AREAS, BUT SOLUTIONS ARE DIFFERENT


!

% OF HOMES DESTROYED

EARLY SCIENCE FOR PROTECTING HOMES (AFTER 1990 PAINT FIRE)


NOT VERY USEFUL FOR THE EAST BAY HILLS

GRAPHIC FOR PROTECTING EMBER PROOF HOME WITH 100’ OF DEFENSIBLE SPACE ON FLAT LOTS


AND, WE KNOW THAT AN UNPREPARED HOME CAN REPRESENT 90% OF THE FUEL ON A LOT BURNING EMBERS WILL QUICKLY SPREAD FIRE INTO DEVELOPED AREAS WHERE HOME HARDENING WILL HELP RESIST THE INITIAL IGNITION AND REDUCE HOME TO HOME IGNITIONS


STANDARDS FOR HOMES THAT CAN RESIST FLAMES AND BURNING EMBERS ARE AVAILABLE FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION, REMODELLING, AND FOR RETROFITTING OLDER HOMES BEST CURRENT INFORMATION TODAY


SOME GROUPS ARE LOBBYING FOR HOME HARDENING AND DEFENSIBLE SPACE ONLY ! NO FUELBREAKS, NO FOREST THINNING, AND NO OPEN SPACE VEGETATION MANAGEMENT

“START FROM AN EMBER PROOF HOME AND WORK OUT 5/30/100 FEET”

SACTO. 2019

RICHARD HALSEY- CHAPARRAL INSTITUTE, CHAD HANSON- THE JOHN MUIR PROJECT, BRIAN NOWICKI- CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, KATHRYN PHILLIPS- SIERRA CLUB CALIFORNIA


THEY AND MANY FIRE BEHAVIOR SCIENTISTS NOW SAY THAT MANAGING THE HIZ WITH AN EMBER PROOF HOUSE AND THINNED TREES IS THE BEST METHOD FOR SAVING HOMES


IF THEY ARE RIGHT- SHOULD THINNING OF TREES AROUND HOMES IN HOME IGNITION ZONES BE REQUIRED WITH LITTLE MANAGEMENT IN OPEN SPACE AREAS ?

MANAGING HOME IGNITION ZONES IN THE HILLS SOUNDS ATTRACTIVE.

TREES ON ROUNDTOP ABOVE THORNHILL AND SHEPHARD CANYON’S WOULD NOT NEED TO BE MANAGED.


EAST SIDE OF CALDECOTT TUNNEL CANYON

TREES AND SHRUBS ABOVE OAKLAND’S CALDECOTT PARK MIGHT NOT NEED TO BE MANAGED


EAST SIDE OF CALDECOTT TUNNEL CANYON

OAKLANDS DENSE SUCKER BASHED EUCALYPTUS MIGHT NOT NEED TO BE MANAGED

EUCALYPUS SUCKERS AND SEEDLINGS COULD BE LEFT TO BURN AGAIN IN THE NEXT FIRE

COPPICE EUCALYPTUS ABOVE THE OAKLAND SPORTS COMPLEX


BUT, THOSE THOUGHTS ALONE ARE UNREALISTIC. WE WILL NEED TO MANAGE VEGETATION AND APPLY THE NEW FOREST SCIENCE IN THE WUI. BUT, WILL IT WORK WITH EAST BAY EUCALYPTUS, PINE, AND NATIVE TREES ?

GOOD FORESTRY


3.

2.

1. 4. A FORESTRY MANTRA 1. 2. 3. 4.

REDUCE SURFACE FUELS (RAKE OR PRESCRIBED FIRE ?) INCREASE HEIGHT TO BASE OF LIVE CROWN (3 TIMES SHRUB FLAMES ?) DECREASE CROWN DENSITY- (20% TO 50% ? ) THIN TO KEEP LARGE FIRE RESISTANT TREES (30 PER ACRE ?)


EAST SIDE OF CALDECOTT TUNNEL CANYON

CAL TRANS THINNED ITS 1991 BURNED EUCALYPTUS FOREST IN 2014


EAST SIDE OF CALDECOTT TUNNEL CANYON

FIRE SAFE WITH 40 MPH DIABLO WINDS ??

BUT THE CANOPY CLOSED BY 2019. SHOULD ADDITIONAL THINNING OCCUR OR PRESCRIBED FIRE USED EVERY 5 YEARS ?


FEMA with EPA’s help vetted EIS reviewed herbicides, and determined that licensed operators could safely use them without environmental impact when Best Management Practices mandated in the final Federal Record of Decision are followed.

GARLON STUMP TREATMENT TO PREVENT SPROUTS. AGENCIES THAT USE GARLON BELIEVE IT’S A CONTROLLED AND SAFE APPLICATION, BUT GARLON AND ROUNDUP REMAIN CONTROVERSIAL FOR SOME GROUPS AND INDIVIDUALS


29 LARGE HAZARD EUCALYPTUS TREES WERE REMOVED AT A COST OF $3,000 EACH


HOW MANY ACRES OF EUCALYPTUS AND PINE ARE SUSTAINABLE, AND AT WHAT COST ?

LARGE AND DANGEROUS EUCALYPTUS TREES ARE REMOVED AT $3,000 EACH. $150,000 PER ACRE TO EVENTUALLY REMOVE 50 OLD TREES WHEN THEY BECOME HAZARDS


CHABOT CAMPGROUND THINNED OF ALL STEMS <8” TO SAVE LARGER TREES IN 2012


URBAN GARDNERS KNOW THINNING IS NECESSARY. THIS THINNING SHOULD NOT BE VIEWED AS KILLING TREES

OVERLY DENSE AND SMALLER STEMS WERE REMOVED FOR FOREST HEALTH AND FIRE SAFETY


THERE IS A NATURAL, FIRESAFE, AND COST CYCLE FOR EAST BAY PLANTED EUCALYPTUS AND PINE FORESTS

1900

2050

100 TO 150 YEARS NATIVE WOODLANDS

$1 PER TREE

$2 PER TREE

$8,OOO PER ACRE $1,5OO PER/YEAR PER/ACRE

$3,000 PER TREE


FOR LAND OWNING AGENCIES, ALL OPTIONS FOR CONTROLLING COSTS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED

FOREST

FUELBREAK

WOODLAND


THERE ARE AT LEAST TWO OPTIONS BASED ON STANDARD OF CARE AND COMMON PRACTICE FOR THE EAST BAY HILLS

$200,000 PER ACRE TO MANAGE FOR MATURE EUCALYPTUS AND EVENTUALLY REMOVE HAZARD TREES

SIBLEY ISLAND RIDGE TOP FUELBREAK TILDEN THINNED EUCALYPTUS GROVE

$20,000 PER ACRE TO REMOVE 1972 FREEZE COPPICE EUCALYPTUS AND MANAGE FOR OAKS AND NATIVE SHRUBS


THERE ARE AT LEAST TWO OPTIONS 600 FOR PINES A FIRE-SAFE REMOVEDSTANDARD OF CARE FOR TREES IN THE EAST BAY HILLS

WEST SIDE OF CALDECOTT TUNNEL CANYON

NOT VERY FLAMMABLE

HILLER HIGHLANDâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S MANAGES 16 ACRES OF OAK GRASSLAND AS DEFENSIBLE SPACE FOR $1,000 PER ACRE


VERY FLAMMABLE WITH 1,000 STEMS/ACRE ON WINDY 40 % SLOPES

THE CLAREMONT CANYON CONSERVANCY URGES UC TO REMOVE 1972 EUCALYPTUS COPPICE SUCKERS ON THE RIDGE TO RELEASE UNDERSTORY NATIVE WOODLAND TREES AND SHRUBS


SIGNPOST #29 NORTH SIDE OF CANYON

1972 FREEZE EUCALYPTUS BEFORE REMOVAL TO RELEASE UNDERSTORY NATIVES


SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF EUCALYPTUS UNDERWAY IN 2006 TO RELEASE NATIVE OAKS AND BAYS


SIGNPOST #29 CENTER OF THE CANYON

RESTORED NATIVE FOREGROUND AND FLAMMABLE EUCALYPTUS BACKGROUND


EUCALYPTUS REMOVED

SIGNPOST #29 SOUTH SIDE OF THE CANYON

NOT VERY FLAMMABLE

UC- RESTORED CLAREMONT CANYON AREA AT AN AVERAGE COST OF $4,000 PER ACRE


EBMUD GRIZZLY RIDGE FUELBREAK FIRE MITIGATION PROJECT UNDERWAY

EBMUD REMOVAL AND THINNING OF SUCKERS AND SEEDLINGS ABOVE EVACUATION ROUTE AND PG&E LINES

NOT VERY FLAMMABLE

CNPS AND EBMUD JOINT SKYLINE GARDENS FUELBREAK PROJECT WITHOUT USE OF ROUNDUP


NOT VERY FLAMMABLE

SIBLEY ISLAND RIDGETOP FUELBREAK WITH EUCALYPTUS AND PINE REMOVED


WHERE COULD A WIND DRIVEN FIRE BE STOPPED HERE ?


WHERE COULD A WIND DRIVEN FIRE BE STOPPED HERE ?


WHERE COULD A WIND DRIVEN FIRE BE STOPPED HERE ?


WHILE WE ARGUED FOR 26 YEARS, WE THOUGHT NOTHING COULD TOP THE 1991 OAKLAND TUNNEL FIRE- SO WRONG !!

THREE OF THE MOST DESTRUCTIVE WILDFIRES IN CALIFORNIA HISTORY

$16.5 BILLION

18,804 STRUCTURES 86 FATALITIES 153,400 ACRES BURNED $16.5 BILLION IN COSTS PG&E BANKRUPTCY


WE KNOW CA. HAS EXPERIENCED 14 OF ITâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S MOST DESTRUCTIVE FIRES IN THE LAST 15 YEARS. 2 FIRES IN ALAMEDA COUNTY HAVE HELD THE STATE RECORD FOR MOST DESTRUCTIVE FOR 94 YEARS. SANTA BARBARA, NAPA/SOLANO, AND BUTTE COUNTIES HAD THE RECORD FOR ONE YEAR EACH 14 MAJOR FIRES DURING THE PAST 15 YEARS

14 13

MOST STATE RECORD YEARS FOR DAMAGE

1 YEAR 27 YEARS

12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 1 YEAR

2 67 YEARS

1


WE KNOW THERE WILL BE AN INCREASING FIRE PROBLEM

MORE PEOPLE + HEAT + WILDFIRE + NO STRATEGY = MORE HOMES LOST JON KEELY, UCLA FIRE ECOLOGIST Increasing concentration of humans on the landscape is the underlying culprit behind the overall uptick of wildfires in California. "Climate change is exacerbating the problems, but population growth is a more direct causeâ&#x20AC;?. More people living in wildland areas means more potential ignition sources.

THE NEW REALITY


THESE FIRE SPEED AND FLAME HEIGHT DESCRIPTIONS HAVE CONFUSED THE PUBLIC

REALLY ?

Rich McClure, Facilities Department planner, spearheaded the Berkeley Labâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s fire mitigation effort, and provided the more realistic description a major Diablo Wind fire in the East Bay Hills. To recall the intensity of this threat, consider the observations of a San Francisco firefighter who helped stop the 1991 fire in a stand made behind the Claremont Hotel. "Rising and erratic firedriven winds in excess of 65 mph preheated structures and foliage, and temperatures approached 2,000 degrees F. Large homes and large trees exploded in flame, and they would then generate firebrands (airborne embers) which were picked up by the fierce, hot winds -- which in turn ignited other structures and trees -- and soon they too would explode. In some places aluminum engine blocks and parts of burning automobiles melted and ran into the gutter."

FIRE SPEED FLAME HEIGHT


FLAMES ABOVE 8â&#x20AC;&#x2122; AFFECT FIREFIGHTING STRATEGY AND CAN ALSO MAKE CONTROL IMPOSSIBLE

FIRE CONTROL BASED ON FLAMES

OKAY MAYBE

SERIOUS

IMPOSSIBLE


HOW THE MEDIA AND AGENCIES ARE DESCRIBING FIRE AT FOOTBALL FIELD SPEED AND HEIGHT

CAL FIRE AND THE MEDIA SAY BIG FIRES NOW MOVE BY FOOTBALL FIELD SPEED

1971- MISSION VALLEY FIRE- 6 FBF/Hr. 1991- OAKLAND TUNNEL FIRE- 11 FBF/Hr. 2017- TUBBS FIRE- 60 FBF/Hr. 2018- CAMP FIRE- 3 FBF/Sec.

s FBF/10 Sec.

RESIDENTS AND POLITICIANS MIGHT PAY ATTENTION IF THEY KNEW

up to 150â&#x20AC;&#x2122; of flame and 2000 degrees of heat that can ignite your house and melt your car


EVACUATING EVERYONE IS THE NEW STRATEGY CALIFORNIA DUMPED “PREPARE, STAY AND DEFEND, IF YOU ARE ABLE”. AFTER 179 LIVES WERE LOST IN AUSTRALIA’S 2009 BLACK SATURDAY FIRES.

NOW IT’S “READY-SET-GO”

WHEN ORDERED BY POLICE OR FIRE FIGHTERS WHEN TO GO ON YOUR OWN • • • • • • • •

IGNITION ON A RIDGE ABOVE RED FLAG WEATHER TEMP’S ABOVE 85 HUMIDITY BELOW 10 DIABLO WINDS ABOVE 30 mph NO PUBLIC WARNING SYSTEM UNSAFE EVACUATION ROADS SURROUNDED BY FIRE HAZARDS


EVERYONE WILL BE EVACUATED EARLY WHEN A WILDFIRE GETS HOT. THEN FIRE FIGHTING WILL HAPPEN WHEN PEOPLE ARE SAFE AND ACCESS IS POSSIBLE.

RESIDENTS SHOULD KNOW THAT THEIR HOME WILL BE ON ITS OWN. 1. THEY MUST GET IT READY NOW TO POTENTIALLY SURVIVE A WILDFIRE 2. HOPING THEIR HOME WILL BE THERE WHEN THEY RETURN 3. IF NO ONE IS THERE, A 3â&#x20AC;&#x2122; FLAME CAN DESTROY AN UNPREPARED HOME


WHAT IS THE STRATEGY FOR PREPARING THE WUI FOR THE NEXT BIG FIRE ??

ABAG WHITE PAPER 2018

CODES EXIST FOR

HOME HARDENING

DEFENSIBLE SPACE

HOME HARDENING


THREE ADDITIONAL KEY STRATEGIES WERE LISTED IN THE ABAG WHITE PAPER BUT NO CODES

1

TO PROTECT COMMUNITIES

2 3


RIDGE’S AND RESIDENTIAL EDGE’S

TILDEN/BERKELEY RESIDENTIAL EDGE FUELBREAK


RIDGE’S AND RESIDENTIAL EDGE’S

REDWOOD- SERPENTINE PRAIRIE FUELBREAK


“NONE OF THE OTHER STATEWIDE PROJECTS HAD AS BIG A POTENITAL IMPACT”

CAL FIRE 45 DAY COMMUNITY WILDFIRE PREVENTION & MITIGATION REPORT


CONFLICTING VIEWS ABOUT TREE SAFETY DURING WIND DRIVEN FIRESTORMS?

CEDAR FIRE 2003. THE HOUSES BURNED BECAUSE OF EMBERS, AND NOT BECAUSE OF THE EUCALYPTUS TREES

PARADISE FIRE 2018. TREES AND HOUSES BOTH BURNED. TOO MANY PINES, AND PINE NEEDLE CASTING PROVIDED UNEXPECTED FUEL AND EMBERS TO EXPAND THE FIRE AND COMPLICATE EVACUATIONS BECAUSE OF SPOT FIRES.


THE SIERRA CLUB EAST BAY CHAPTER ADVOCATES FOR 3Râ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s AND NATIVE SPECIES THAT ARE LESS RISKY THAN PLANTED SPECIES OR INVASIVES THAT ARE MORE FLAMMABLE

SUPPORTED BY:


15 YEARS OF WILDFIRE MITIGATION GENERATED A CALIFORNIA WILDFIRE SUCCESS


THERE ARE AT LEAST 11 SMART WUI VEGETATION MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES TO CONSIDER TO PROVIDE FOR SAFE EVACUATION ROUTES

TO PLAN BASED ON THE LAST BIG FIRE AND HOW THAT FIRE COULD POSSIBLY BEHAVE TODAY IN THE EAST BAY

TO SAVE PEOPLE AND HOMES TO PROTECT VALUES AT RISK TO PROVIDE SAFE SPACE FOR FIRE FIGHTERS AT THE WUI COMMUNITY EDGE TO REDUCE FIRE HEAT AND EMBER SPREAD NEAR COMMUNITIES TO MANAGE OR REMOVE HIGH-FIRE RISK PLANTED OR NATIVE VEGETATION TO MANAGE OR REMOVE HIGH-FIRE RISK FLAMMABLE INVASIVEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S TO PROVIDE AND MAINTAIN BEAUTIFUL, FIRE-SAFE AREAS WHERE PEOPLE CHOOSE TO LIVE TO ASSIST FEDERAL AND STATE LISTED SPECIES SURVIVE WILDFIRE TO COMPLY WITH STATE ADOPTED WUI CODES, AND TO SATISFY CEQA AND EIS MITIGATION REQUIREMENTS


THE RESIDENTS OF SANTA ROSA AND SONOMA COUNTY WERE SURPRISED ON OCTOBER 8, 2017

10:30 pm 11 pm DIABLO WINDS 30 mph DIABLO WINDS 60 mph

12 pm

3,837 HOMES BURNED 73 BUSINESSES BURNED 43 FATALITIES 12,000 EVACUATED 36,800 ACRES BURNED

1 am

2 am 3 am FIRE RUNS 12 MILES TO HERE AT 4:40 AM

4 am

CAL FIRE SPENT 2 DAYS SAVING LIVES BEFORE FIREFIGHTING COULD BEGIN

N. BAY SIEGE OF FIRES


COULD A 12 MILE LONG DIABLO WIND FIRE OR SIEGE OF FIRES OCCUR HERE ? DURING THE NEXT 50 YEARS OF NEW NORMAL ??

1991


PARADISE KNEW ANOTHER FIRE WOULD HAPPEN, AND THOUGHT THEY WERE READY BUT PARADISE WAS SURPRISED BY A RAGING FIRESTORM ON NOVEMBER 8, 2018 AT 6:30 AM


PARADISE KNEW THEY HAD A PROBLEM. THEY WERE A VERY ACTIVE COMMUNITY AND THOUGHT THEY WERE READY.

CAL FIRE SPENT 24 HOURS SAVING LIVES BEFORE FIREFIGHTING COULD BEGIN

• • • •

IN 2008, A BIG FIRE OCCURRED ABOVE PARADISE BUT IT DIDN’T REACH THE TOWN. FIRE MODELING INDICATED THEY HAD 6 HOURS TO EVACUATE THE TOWN DURING THE NEXT BIG FIRE. THE TOWN WAS “RAKED” TO REMOVE EXCESSIVE FUEL, BUT EMBER CAST FROM DROPPED PINE NEEDLES PROVIDING NEW FUEL TO CREATE SPOT FIRES THAT IGNITED HOMES AND HAMPERED EVACUATIONS. FIRE FIGHTERS WENT IN DURING THE FIRE, BUT WERE NOT SURE THEY COULD GET OUT !


AFTER 26 YEARS, WUI RISKS ARE KNOWN. BUT, AGENCIES HAVE YET TO DEVELOP A JOINT STRATEGY BASED ON PROTECTING HOMES AND COMMUNITIES USING THE BEST AVAILABLE FIRE AND RESOURCE SCIENCE


WHO OWNS THE PROBLEM IN THE EAST BAY. WHO'S IN CHARGE ?

The high-risk wildfire area of the East Bay Hills is relatively small, but its political landscape is complex in terms of fire and pre-disaster planning and implementation with the following agencies involved: • Two state agencies (California Emergency Management Agency [CAL EMA] and the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection [CAL FIRE], • ABAG (the association of Bay Area Governments), • The State’s UC Berkeley campus and the UC Federal Lab, • Two counties (Alameda and Contra Costa), • Two regional agencies (EBRPD & EBMUD), • 32 cities (Oakland, Berkeley, Piedmont, Kensington (unincorporated), and El Cerrito) • 30 local Fire Departments within Alameda and Contra Costa Counties who will be called upon for mutual aid in a major fire. Plus 100,000 residents living in 30,000 homes in just the Oakland/Berkeley Hills


THESE AGENCIES HAVE TRIED DURING THE PAST 26 YEARS. BUT, OUR CURRENT SYSTEM HAS NOT MADE HOMES OR THE EAST BAY HILLS WILDFIRE-SAFE. WE BELIEVE A NEW AGENCY SHOULD BE CREATED TO OVERSEE WUI FIRE HAZARD MITIGATION


WE WILL ALWAYS THANK OUR FIREFIGHTERS AND ADMIRE OUR LEADERSHIP TEAMS BEFORE AND AFTER EVERY FIRE YESTERDAY, CAL FIRE ALONG WITH OTHER AGENCIES WERE RECOGNIZED ON THE CALIFORNIA SENATE FLOOR FOR THEIR EXTRAORDINARY EFFORTS IN RESPONSE TO THE OCTOBER 2017 WILDFIRES

BEST STATE MUTIAL-AID FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM IN THE WORLD

BUT, WE DONâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;T NEED MORE SUPRISES. THE STATE SHOULD FUND AND ORGANIZE TO MITIGATE FIRE HAZARDS WITH CLEAR WUI CODES, MORE PREVENTION, AND EFFECTIVE INSPECTION.


POWER LINE IGNITIONS AND FOREST TREE MORTALITY DOMINATED STATE ATTENTION IN 2018 WE BELIEVE THE STATE SHOULD GIVE EQUAL ATTENTION IN 2019 TO WHERE VOTERS LIVE- THE WUI

WUI FIRE MITIGATION SHOULD GET $1 BILLION IN 2019 TREES AND FORESTS GOT $1 BILLION IN 2018 THE BIG FIRES HAVE BEEN IN THE WUI

PG&E WAS BAILED & THEN WENT BANKRUPT IN 2019


EAST BAY STATE LEADERSHIP IS URGENTLY NEEDED TO REDUCE FIRE EXPOSURE IN BAY AREA AND ALL STATE CAL FIRE MAPPED VHFHS ZONES

THESE ARE THE BAY AREAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S VERY HIGH FIRE HAZARD SEVERITY ZONES

BAY AREA

Profile for Claremont Canyon

Wildfire History in East Bay by Jerry Kent  

Annotated slide show of wildfire in the East Bay Hills, historical responses/analyses by blue ribbon panels, and recommendations for prevent...

Wildfire History in East Bay by Jerry Kent  

Annotated slide show of wildfire in the East Bay Hills, historical responses/analyses by blue ribbon panels, and recommendations for prevent...

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