Page 1

amixa-ray calzado + clara too

C U R LY CHRONICLES ON CURLY HAIR CARE + HISTORY


A B O U T C U R LY C H R O N I C L E S

Here we intend to provide a snapshot of curly hair care information and history. We conducted informal interviews to gather insight about curly hair, and compiled it with secondary research in this e-book. Our aim is to educate those who do not yet know how to care for their hair.

Please note that we are not scientists or hair care experts, so what you will find in this booklet is less of an instruction manual than a story interwoven from our own experiences and those of our participants.

It’s a story that is incomplete, so we encourage our readers to keep learning and exploring. We want to remind you, reader, are beautiful - no matter what your hair texture is, or how you choose to style it.


TABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT THE AUTHORS CLARA’S STORY

i

AMIXA’S STORY

iii

CURLY HAIR CARE HAIR TYPES

3

HAIR POROSITY

5

HAIR OIL & TREATMENT

7

HAIR CARE TIPS

10

CASE STUDY SANDRA OH

11


HISTORY OF HAIR TAMING CURLS THROUGH THE AGES

15

BLACK PANTHER PARTY

17

CASE STUDY DIANA ROSS

21

APPENDIX SOURCES

22

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

23


ABOUT THE AUTHORS


C L A R A’ S

STO RY

My hair is wild, sensitive, and

Eventually a lightbulb turned on

carefree. I was born with

when a friend told me that my hair

stereotypical Asian straight hair, and

was probably curly, since her other

when I was young, I was taught to

friend with frizzy hair actually had

simply shampoo and condition it, and

naturally curly hair. Through

always comb it out after showering.

obsessive Internet research and constant experimentation, I learned to care for it, and I am still learning. I’ve learned that I am more than just Chinese - I have some Indian and African ancestry as well, which may have influenced my hair type.

I now see that my hair is a gift, not a curse, and I thank God for its beauty. Sometimes it’s still a pain to take care of, but I appreciate it so much more now than ever before, and for me it’s come to

Me with baby bowl cut

represent the fact that who I am is alright - that I don’t need to change myself to be beautiful.

My mom gave me coconut oil to apply after showering when my hair mysteriously got frizzy in middle school. It stayed frizzy for a long time - my friends encouraged me to straighten it, as they said it would look better.

I have also come to see that many girls of different hair types want what they don’t have - curly girls want straight hair, and girls with straight hair want curly hair. My wish is for my friends and everyone around me to see the

I felt embarrassed about my hair - one time my friend said my hair was weird as she was styling it. I kept it up in a bun or ponytail all the time.

ii

beauty of their natural hair.


2 0 1 5

2 0 1 3

2 0 1 6

2 0 1 8

2 0 2 1

2 0 1 9

2 0 2 0

Photo by Julia Chao

iii


A M I X A - R AY ’ S

STO RY

It was difficult to manage my hair

I disassociated myself from being

growing up. I loved brushing my hair, but

Filipino with my appearance and fell into

it created frizz and damage. Tied up and

the emo/alternative subculture. I fell in

hidden away to be forgoten about until I

love with the look and tamed straight

had to shower. Which I would dread, the

hair, fun colors, and all surrounded in

thought of waiting for my hair to dry and

black colors. It fit with my music taste

get tangled when I sleep. The only

and I didn’t know many people of color

person who took the time and care to

in the genere, but the aesthetics and

deal with my hair was my mother. Even if

sounds of the up and coming bands. I

she would tease that I had such a lion’s

personally wouldn’t say I denounced

mane. She would twist, tie up, and braid

being Filipino as I had and still have a

my hair out of my face.

healthy relationship with my family. However, in the image of general Filipinos, I wasn’t interested in fitting into. Eventually, I got into damaging my hair with straight perming my hair, bleaching and dying it fun colors, and using hot tools.

In 2014, it all started to break and become weak with years to come, so I eventually chopped it off into a pixie cut. This became a revitilization with my hair. Being a little more natual with my hair, less bleaching, and cooler temperatures with styling tools. I still prefer my hair Mum fixing my hair, Christmas ‘97

straight, but now I’ve become more accepting of my curls. Being

I didn’t feel pretty, I didn’t look like other

knowledgable in keeping my hair happy

Filipino girls, and I definitely did not feel

and healthy on days I don’t style it.

Asian. As a child I looked really Chinese with my baby hairs and fair skin and

It’s been a love-hate relationship, but I

aged looking Polynesian as my curls set

appreciate the identity and freedom my

in and darkened skin as the melanin set.

hair has given me to this day.

Which personally I don’t mind now, but when you’re profiled for everything but your exact ethnicity feels invalidating.

ii


2008

2010

2012

2013

2014

2016

2019

2021

v


It’s crazy and wild in a good way since it's hard to tame. I think the idea with my hair is to keep it wild and keep it maintained and “good towards other people” just so you seem approachable. - Jay

Filipino male


Doodle by Jay


C U R LY H A I R C A R E


Do you know your hair type?

TAKE THE QUIZ

HAIR TYPES The Hair Typing System was created by a Black American hairstylist, Andre Walker, in 1990.

The more oval and asymmetrical the shape of your hair follicle is, the more curly your hair type is.

The scale ranges from:

Straight - 1

Wavy - 2

Curly - 3

Coily - 4

Hair is classified in alphabetic order from A-C to understand how textured the hair is. For example, 2B is a medium patterned wavy, and 4C is very coily tight curls.

3

This is a basic understanding of hair pattern. However, your hair type can change depending on external heat styling, coloring chemicals, and treatments. Internal hormones and medications can also have an impact, but your basic hair pattern is based on your genes.


1A

Straight, Fine Soft, shiny, hard to curl, hair tends to be oily, hard to damage

1B

Straight, Medium Has body, volume and fuller than 1A

1C

Straight, Coarse Hard to curl, resistant to curly styling: bone straight

2A

Wavy, Loose Waves Fine and thin, relatively easy to style. Loose ‘S’-shaped pattern

2B

Wavy, Defined Waves Defined waves, tends to be frizzy and a bit resistant to styling

2C

Wavy, Wide Waves Wider and defined waves, will frizz easily and fairly coarse

3A

Curly, Loose Curls Thick and full with body, frizzy. Definite curl pattern with combination texture

3B

Curly, Tight Curls Bouncy ringlets to corkscrew spiral shaped curls

4A

Kinky, Defined Full of tight coils, very defined ‘O’-shaped pattern

4B

Kinky, Z Coil Little less defined kink pattern, has more of a ‘Z’-shaped pattern 4


HAIR POROSITY Hair porosity is about the health of your hair: how it retains moisture (holds onto water) and how oil treatments and hair dyes react to your hair. Being able to profile the porosity of your hair can also help with determining a proper hair care wash and treatment routine. Of course, there is no absolute method for determining your hair porosity, as results may vary on sensitivity and ingredients. It may take some trial and error; however, understanding the basics will help determine a pathway to your hair goals.

There are three levels of hair porosity.

Low Porosity: These cuticles are closed and lay flat against the hair follicle. Low porosity hair is very smooth and has a very nice sheen in darker colors. This level of porosity may be deemed visibly healthy, but it is not well moisturized. 
 Low porosity hair can be prone to being dry and tangled easily. The lack of moisture in low porosity hair can be remedied with oil treatments, used before a wash or in your wash products.

Low Porosity

5

Medium Porosity: These cuticles are slightly open. This is the easiest porosity to manage and maintain. If you use any treatments, be sure to use a clarifying shampoo up to twice a month.

High Porosity: These cuticles are widely spaced. High porosity hair is prone to being extremely dry, frizzy, and tends to snap easily. It takes in treatments well, but it will not be able to retain products to help the follicle. To treat high porosity hair, use protein treatments, moisture-rich products and oils before washes, or try hair masking.

Medium Porosity

High Porosity


All hair types and hair porosity can benefit from remembering that hair is dead and we should aim to prevent further damage by doing the following

Oil treatments before hair washe Use non-sulfate shampoo Use deep conditioners or post-wash leave-in conditioner Get regular hair trims, bi-yearl Reduce heat with any hot tool Switch hair ties and pillow cases to those made of silk or satin materials

Hair Porosity Test Here are two methods to test your hair in determining your hair porosity.

Float Test Take a few strands of hair from your brush/comb or from various parts of your head. Drop them in a bowl of water. Let it sit for 5-10 minutes. If your hair floats, you have low porosity hair. If it sinks, you have high porosity hair.

Slip’n’Slide Test Take a few strands of your hair and slide your fingers towards your scalp. If you feel little bumps along the way that means your hair cuticles are open, you have high porosity hair. If it’s met with no bumps, you have low porosity hair.

WALKTHROUGH Photo by Samantha May

6


HAIR OIL & TREATMENTS Fractionated coconut oil is different from your standard table coconut oil, due to the fractionating process that refines the long chain of fatty acids to a medium chain. This form of coconut oil penetrates and grants benefits to your hair and skin.

The fractionating process helps the oil to retain a liquid state even at room temperature, unlike cooking coconut oil. If it smells like coconut and looks like coconut, it’s meant for consumption. If it looks like oil and does not have a scent, it’s meant for external use only meaning hair, skin, and body.

Argan oil, also known as Moroccan oil that is extracted from the seeds of the argan tree, absorbs into the skin with ease. It is high in Vitamin E, and known for healing scars, sun damage, irritation, or aging as its a natural antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory polyphenols promote healing and have protective UV properties when used on your skin and hair. On top of sun damage prevention, argan oil can help with hair loss, and helps hydrate and lock moisture in.

For hair, argan oil can play various roles, including treating from the scalp, conditioning the hair, and aiding protective styling.

7

Oil Treatment Tip When oil treating your hair be sure you liberally coat your hair section by section. Leave it in for 30 minutes or wrap it up over night. Wash it out.

As for scalp treatments, leave it in no more than 30 minutes.


Oil + Wash Product While this is not the most common way to oil treat your hair, it can deposit nutrients.

Add in a few drops of your choice of oil in your conditioner, then lather it from the mid shaft to your hair ends.

CHEMISTRY + OILS

Jojoba oil is very similar to the sebum (natural scalp oil) we produce. Therefore, it doesn’t interfere with the scalp’s natural balance. This helps with possible dandruff issues from the scalp while working on the the body of the hair. It deeply penetrates the hair follicle, functioning as a treatment from the inside out and promoting thickness. It’s a great leave-in conditioning treament before your wash or as an additive booster to your wash products.

Sweet almond oil comes from almonds specifically grown for sweetness. It is filled with Vitamin E, fatty acids, protein, antioxidants, and magnesium, which all helps with reducing breakage and helps the hair growth. It’s ideal for treating dry hair, dandruff-prone scalps, slow growth, or hair-loss.

One ideal usage is to warm it up in your hands and rub it into the scalp, leave it in for 15-20 mins or overnight, then wash it out. You may also add a few tea spoons to your shampoo and or conditioner. You can also use it as a post wash conditioning oil, followed by brushing it out and air drying.

8


HAIR CARE TIPS These are primarily suggestions about how to change your habits and be more cautious with your hair care. Topics this section will cover range from hair tools, bedding, hair ties, hair brushing, and wash day routines.

Be aware of the temperature of your styling tools. From flat irons, hair dryers, to hair curlers, it is extremely important to keep the heat under 200º C / 400º F to avoid damaging hair. One method to keep your curls intact is to apply heat and then give them a cool shock with the cold setting.

For nightly hair care, as mentioned before, switching your pillow sheets and hair ties to silk or satin materials can reduce the friction that breaks up the curl pattern. Another method of keeping your curls intact is by tying it up into the ‘pineapple bun’. This is where you gather all of your hair and place the ponytail at the crown of your head. This way, only the nape of your neck will have contact with the pillow. Other items such as a night cap or bonnet can help cover your entire head. Lastly, consider Dutch or French braiding your hair down in two to four sections.

9


Hair brushing should be limited to times before or in the shower. It can also be used as a method to help reshape and redefine your curl pattern while your hair is wet. Consider a wide paddle brush if you have long hair and oval brush for shorter hair. Brushing your hair from the ends of your hairs to the base of your scalp can help reduce tangles and damage. A boar bristle brush can help distribute hair oil if you wash your hair every other shower day.

Having specific wash days rather than shampooing daily can prevent the over stripping of natural oils your scalp produces to keep your hair healthy. Consistently washing your hair can be the reason why your hair feels extremely oily without a wash everyday, as your scalp is overcompensating for the oil being stripped from it. Having a set amount of days between washes can also help the scalp with any irritation.

A wide tooth comb will detangle your hair without tugging at any knots. Your hair is the most vulnerable when its wet. Use any leave-in conditioners, moisturisers, and gels at this point. Then, plop your hair in a cotton t-shirt or microfiber towel. This will help with holding your curl pattern, and will reduce frizz once fully dried.

10


Doodle by Kevin


I make the front look nice, but the back is just curlpocalypse... Parents would make snide comments about it in Korea. ‘Oh, he has curly hair. He probably needs a haircut’. - Kevin

Filipino male


CASE STUDY


SANDRA OH Star of “Killing Eve”

Sandra Oh is a Canadian American actress known for her roles on Grey’s Anatomy and Killing Eve. Her naturally curly hair defies the stereotype of sleek, straight Asian hair. Elle writer Andrea Cheng, who grew up being ostracized for her curly hair in Hong Kong, notes that Oh helped her accept her own Asian curly hair.

In East Asia, curly hair is considered more messy and unpresentable, due to association with Southeast Asian hair. Because there are many Southeast Asian laborers in these countries, it is considered to be a sign of lower class status. By wearing her hair curly, Oh makes the statement that being a curly-haired Asian woman can be glamorous too.

“For the first time in my life, thanks to Oh, I’ve begun to embrace my hair in all of its wild, unruly glory.”

- Andrea Cheng, Elle 13


HISTORY OF HAIR


TAMING CURLS THRO

A brief look at natural hair supp

1400s

African hair, which was often elaborately styled, was shaved by slave traders in order to humiliate them & alienate them from their culture and identity.

1786

New Orleans enacted the Tignon Law, prohibiting Black and Creole women from wearing their natural hair uncovered, resulting in use of head wraps.

1800s

Female slaves used butter knives to curl their hair to look ‘more presentable’.

1860s

Even after the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, a mixture of lye, potato, and egg was used to straighten Black hair, which could cause burning of the scalp.

15


O U G H T H E AG E S

pression in America

1 9 0 6

The first patented flat iron was invented by Simon Monroe - a prototype for the hot combs that would be prevalent in Black America up until the 80s. They could easily cause accidental burns, and were later linked to hot comb alopecia.

1 9 5 0 s - 6 0 s

Use of clothing irons to straighten hair becomes popular among both Blacks and whites.

1 9 5 7

Ultra Sheen, an alkaline hair-straightening treatment for afro textured hair, is invented by Johnson Products.

1 9 6 9

Afros become popular with the Black Panther movement, which encouraged Black people to wear their hair naturally.

16


B L AC K PA N T H E R PA R T Y Embracing Natural Hair

The radical Black Panther party arose

While the afro was a powerful

during the 1960s, decrying the use of

symbol, it ran the risk of trivializing

straighteners and relaxers as a form of

the movement. Activist and icon

oppression against Black people, who

Angela Davis, the Black Panther

were being forced to change their

member pictured below, is

appearance to fit into white society.

remembered largely for her

They used afros as a “middle finger to

unapologetic afro. She laments that

white beauty aesthetics” (Wheeler).

her legacy has been boiled down to

Kathleen Cleaver, a prominent Black

a hairstyle.

Panther Party member, viewed the rise of the afro as “a new awareness among

Bobby Seale, another party member,

black people that their own natural

decried the profit that white

physical appearance is beautiful and is

corporations made from selling

pleasing to them.”

Black hair products during this era.

“The pertinent history of my legal case is empty of all content so it can be [made into a commodity] for the advertising industry”.

- Angela Davis, 1994

17


"This was my first really big step toward self-degradation: when I endured all of that pain, literally burning my flesh to have it look like a white man’s hair. I had joined that multitude of Negro men and women in America who are brainwashed into believing that the black people are “inferior”—and white people “superior”—that they will even violate and mutilate their God-created bodies to try to look “pretty” by white standards.”

WATCH VIDEO

- Malcolm X on getting his hair straightened with potato, eggs, and lye

from The Autobiography of Malcolm X, 1965

18


Curls always bounce back. There’s this airiness, this positivity vibe to having curly hair. When we have a good hair day, and our curls are just amazing, it makes your whole mood better.

-

Mika

South African-Indian female


Doodle by Mika


CASE STUDY


DIANA ROSS Nickname: “The Boss”

Diana Ross is one of the most iconic Black entertainers in American history. As the lead singer of The Supremes, Ross is well-known for her beautiful, voluminous, and versatile hair. She wore many hairstyles throughout her career, ranging from bobs to her signature afro to free-flowing curly hair and many more.

Despite her fame and status, Ross insists on doing her own hair and makeup without the assistance of a glam squad. Her daughter, Tracey Ellis Ross, launched curly hair brand Pattern Beauty. Ross was awarded a Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama, who said “Diana Ross’ influence is as inescapable as ever”.

Diana’s hair sparked a recent wave of fervor for natural hair in Hollywood. However, with the appreciation of natural hair comes the downside of appropriation. Khloe Kardashian wore a kinky hair wig to a party celebrating Ross, which caused a controversy about whether or not it constituted cultural appropriation. For a white woman to mimic black hair is a deep insult to the long-suffering of those who have fought for the right to wear their natural hair.

WATCH VIDEO

22


SOURCES

Hair Care

Videos

https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/types-of-hair

https://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=BfFYsmARnjE

https://www.byrdie.com/hair-porosity-test-5070329

https://www.youtube.com/wat https://beautycrafter.com/fractionated-coconut-oil-for-hair-and-skin/

ch?v=hLbAbrmwwak

https://beautycrafter.com/argan-oil-benefits-beauty-uses/

https://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=PzkxGWshu2w

https://latourangelle.com/general/8-best-oils-for-hair-health/

https://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=6bFJY73Ry4s

History

https://www.naturallycurly.com/curlreading/curls/history-of-natural-ha

Images

ir-and-how-it-reflects-black-history

https://www.elle.com/culture/ https://www.bustle.com/articles/189044-a-brief-disturbing-history-ofmovies-tv/a20111146/sandra-o all-the-times-society-straightened-afro-textured-hair

h-killing-eve-interview/

https://i-d.vice.com/en_us/article/zmn454/the-radical-politics-behindhttps://www.quora.com/Is-strai afros

ght-hair-a-lot-more-like-wavyhair-than-curly-hair

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/48824723.pdf

https://www.smithsonianmag.c https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-1994-12-04-199433806 om/smart-news/harvard-new7-story.html

home-angela-davis-papers-18 0968191/

Case

Studies

https://www.britannica.com/on -this-day/February-21

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Diana-Ross

https://www.bbc.com/news/en

https://www.essence.com/celebrity/diana-ross-hair-journey/

#60580

https://www.cheatsheet.com/entertainment/diana-ross-hair-makeup.

tertainment-arts-50169234

https://oz.fandom.com/wiki/Di ana_Ross

html/

https://www.elle.com/beauty/hair/a27076665/sandra-oh-hair-routine

https://www.essence.com/cele brity/diana-ross-hair-journey/

-ted-gibson-curly-hair-tips/

https://www.elle.com/beauty/hair/a26063838/how-sandra-oh-curly-h air-helped-me-love-my-hair

23

/

i


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thank you to our participants, who shared their stories and insight with us and provided the inspiration for this booklet.

Thank you to our professor, classmates, and alumni for the constant critique and encouragement.

Thank you to our friends and family- we couldn’t have made it all this way without you and your love and support.

And thank you, reader, for taking the time to engage with our work.


Profile for Clara Too

Curly Chronicles  

Curly Chronicles  

Advertisement

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded