Page 1

Kinnected

A modular and eusociality structure of a future community.

Project by Clara Wu & Sony Chen


Table of Contents Introduction

1

Preface Prologue Manifesto

1-1 1-2 1-3

Case Study

2

The Richy Imagined Future

3

Reference

4

Introduction Ideology Economy System

Kinnected Behind the Communities Community Between Mars and Earth Scenario Conclusion

2-1 - 2-2 2-3 - 2-14 2-15 2-16 - 2-28 3-1 - 3-6 3-7 - 3-9 3-10 - 3-12 3-13 - 3-17 3-18


Introduction

1


Preface In this report, we are deconstructing human society into taxonomy as a tool for the framework to understand the outcome of the world. We study the cultural, social, and economic consequences of adapting or not adopting the values of socially responsible design through case histories and propose alternatives. To categorize the classifications of the systemic structure, the framework will act as a tool to help us to design future guidelines that improve human society. We look at the past with all its successes and failures to create a future with the respectful mind and value toward the past.

1-1


Prologue We study the cultural, social, and economic consequences of adopting or not adopting the values of a socially responsible design on the basis of case histories and proposed alternatives. We realize that human society was constructed in a complex world of mixed ideologies and economic systems. We will try to determine why humanity finds it difficult to live in harmony with nature in this complex system.

1-2


Manifesto

Based on previous research, we realized that the human community was constructed from chaos and it evolved and transformed over time. We have been through failure and success, and transformation and adaptation are still present today. We endeavor to find a balance between nature and humanity within this complex system of ideological and economic diversity, and it might eventually lead us to more complexity and conflict and ultimately create more problems. From the context, we seek to create a framework that will act as a tool to help us design future guidelines that improve human society. We look at the past with all its successes and failures in order to create a future that respects and values the past. It is therefore sought to find a balance between people and nature while showing respect to our mother nature. The modular approach to designing a structural context is a process whereby each element is characterized in detail, and a highefficiency system is created. Our richly imagined future will aim to create a highly efficient system, and the idea is to get rid of complexity and create an environment with a modular system in which people could build and establish their outlook on values. In the future, you will no longer need to adapt to the past; you will be given a tool that empowers you to build anything.

1-3


Case Study

2


Human System Symbiosis Nature

The amazing thing about Homo sapiens is that they live on the planet among diverse species, and they are the only species that constantly study others and innovate themselves to adapt to the changing environment. Humankind is capable of analyzing and constructing a variety of complex systems for their everyday life. Each ideology is the value system of an individual, while the economic system sometimes lies on the ideological concept and forms the trading system from a macroeconomic to a microeconomic scale. Whereas humans are a symbiosis with different types of systemic frameworks. We can define each economic system and ideological concept to the symbiont notion to an evaluating system similarly to the manner in which clownfish live in harmony with sea anemone as they are both beneficial to each other. By evaluating the human social system, we are able to take the good thing out from each concept value in order to construct our richly imagined future of modular value units.

2-1


Ideology

Human System Economy Symbiosis Nature

System

The amazing thing about Homo sapiens is that they live on the planet among diverse species, and they are the only species that constantly study others and innovate themselves to adapt to the changing environment. Humankind is capable of analyzing and constructing a variety of complex systems for their everyday life. Each ideology is the value system of an individual, while the economic system sometimes lies on the ideological concept and forms the trading system from a macroeconomic to a microeconomic scale. Whereas humans are a symbiosis with different types of systemic frameworks. We can define each economic system and ideological concept to the symbiont notion to an evaluating system similarly to the manner in which clownfish live in harmony with sea anemone as they are both beneficial to each other. By evaluating the human social system, we are able to take the good thing out from each concept value in order to construct our richly imagined future of modular value units.

2-2


lism

ism ar ch an ist iv ct lle Co

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ana

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N

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Jewis

Insurre

Anarchism

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Ana

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Anarcho-communism

co ic

rat

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Anarc

wit ism rch a n A ipalism munic arian Libert

lis era d nfe ism h rc na

st chi nar

s ali

Co

Individualist anarchism

Participatory economics

Mutua

lism

Islamic anarchism Buddh

ist ana

Chr

Veg a

Qu

ee

nar chis

m

ra

na

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ism

Incl

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Post-anarchism

Anarc

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Platfo

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Po

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ital

p -ca

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Ana ism

chis nar

ta

ta

m

na

rch

y

na

h rc

ism

Anarchism is a political theory and a set of value systems in political philosophy that is suspicious and skeptical about the justification of authority and power mostly concerning governmental or political power. The belief lies on the cancellation of all government and the organization of society on a voluntary and cooperative basis without resources to force and pressure. It stands on the concept of a self-governed society based on voluntary regulations. The ideal of anarchism is a community in which all individuals are able to do whatever they want without any governmental power. This concept is called anarchy and it stems from Greek meaning the absence of government. The ideal of anarchism is social disorder and the overthrow of authoritative power, the freedom of the individual without any political force may often form the ideology of terrorism. Terrorism has been used by anarchists, for example, it has been used by Catholic Christians, Protestant Christians, Mohammedans, Hindus, Sikhs, Marxists, fascists, nationalist, patriots, loyalists and republicans. The economic system of anarchism is called anarchist economics and it is also known as the anti-capitalists, instead of private and state property; they prefer the self-management of production.

in w

ft-

Le

Parasitism

Inc lu

cy

cra

- No taxes to be paid - No government service - No punishment for crime - Life would turn into survival of the fittest - Anarchism and Terrorism

em o

- Seeking for complete freedom -“Power for the people� - Free from any authority - Equal to everyone else

tua Mu

es ctiv

dje

Effect on Y

ta hou

Effect on X

c mo

Harm

m

Benefit

Anarchist economics

Anarchism

2-3


Centrism

No Effect

Effect on X

Effect on Y em

ocr

trism

nD

al Cen

istia

Chr

Centrism

Radic

- Radical change needs - Seeking social balance radical solutions - Opposed to biases - Doing what is right - Political ideology based on reason - Maintain Efficiency

acy

Pr og

re s

siv

ism

Ec

on

om

y

Benefit

Centrism

al igit

y

nom

Eco

D

Purple Economy

Commensalism Centrism is a political outlook, and it is opposed to biases. It believes solutions are more significant than positions. It is also a representation of social balance and finding equality, i.e., maintaining an egalitarian society. There is no exact rule for being a Centrist, but it is a political ideology based on reason without any compromise or moderation, but considerate thereof. The economic system of centralism is a mixture of everything and the focal point is to maintain efficiency in achieving goals without any biases. The main idea is to be neutral and only do something that is beneficial.

2-4


Conservatism

Harm

Effect on X

Effect on Y m

de e ns

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Pa

m

tis

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Ch

ris

Ci

vic

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Pro

Right-libertarianism

Protec

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Libert

vat ser on al c

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Reacti onary Soc ia l c ons Tra erv dit atis m

tism

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Co

rvative

Conse

Conservatism

Liberal Conservatism

Legitimism Comm

unitari

sm

liberali

Cultural conservatism Libera

Com

l cons

Agr

ervatis

aria

An

ti-

Co

M

m

nism

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Non-interventionism

Bioco

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Federa

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- Avoiding destruction ic F

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Parasitism

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ry na io

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o

tc

lis

ion a

m

tis

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- Leaving what is success

- Opposed to any innovative change (Not dealing with new problem) - Too radical (avoiding change)

ns e

- Stability (Tradition is a known quantity) - Keeping heritage

conse

ism

rvatis

m

Benefit

M t

ke

ar

ism

atis m

Fiscal Conservatism

mic Co nse rv

ital

Cap

y

no

m

no

Eco

Ec o

Conservatism is a political philosophy that stands opposed to any innovative change; it will likely maintain the traditional system. This ideology holds the traditional values and supports conventional social organizations in the context of culture and civilization. Its economic system relies on the political views of free enterprise and private ownership and socially conservative ideas.

2-5


rise erp

l Ent

Effect on Y

nta

Effect on X

e onm nvir

No Effect

scism

po

en Gre

e Gr

en G

le

h

Gre

ism

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Green syndicalism Social ecolog y

Eco-c arc

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Dee

Bri

lism

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Bio

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m m alis lis ent na nm io iro eg env or en e Bi t gr y olog p ec

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Eco-socialism

Green cons ervatism G r e en a narc En hism vir o n Fr me e nta e m lism ar ke t

re e

ing

y

Environment:

nom

Eco

d Tra en

Gre

s

ic

Gre en

m

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un

on o

Environmentalism is a set of philosophies held by people who have an awareness of environmental protection. It is a social movement to improve the health of the planet. Environmentalism is a set of philosophies held by people who have an awareness of environmental protection. It is a social movement to improve the health of the planet. The structure of environmentalist economics is based on green business; they prefer everything related to sustainable structures such as sharing economy, local economy, socially responsible businesses, green enterprise, etc.

An

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Eco Commerce

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Environmentalism

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m

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Mutualism

Ecofa

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lib n

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- Green consciousness - Environmental Protection - Green Business - Social Responsibility - Environmental Friendly

ism

Fi

sc

al

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nm iro

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E

lis ta

m

Benefit

Environmental Finance

Environmentalism

2-6


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Ec m

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Po

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Re

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fem

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Ma

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minis

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Athe

minism

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Feminist econom

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Islam An

Feminism Socialist fe

minism

Ps

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Indiv

Parasitism

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Cap

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sm ni

Ge m(

ity ual

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fe

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ral fe Libe

Ma

Atheist feminism

nism a Wom

ra pa

Se

ck a Bl

Lesbian fe

sm ini fem tist

ism in m fe

n

tia

ris

Ch

sm

ini

m

- Some Feminism is too radical (Fascist Feminism) - Fascist Feminism opposite men’s rights

fe

- Women’s rights - Gender Equality - High Inclusive - Diversity

minism

of

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Ec

on

Fre

om

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Effect on Y

con

Effect on X

E lism era Lib

No Effect

(G my

Benefit

Feminist Economic

end

er E

lit qua

alu yV

ed)

Feminism

ism

emin

ian f

Lesb

Feminism is an awareness of women’s rights and seeks equality between genders. It is a social movement, a political movement, and a value system that believes in finding fairness between the sexes. Feminism is an awareness of women’s rights and seeks equality between genders. It is a social movement, a political movement, and a value system that believes in finding fairness within the sexes. The feminist economic system is constructed based on a complex structure that is clearly analyzed in detail in relation to patriarchy, masculism, and androcentrism. As they see patriarchy and capitalism as interrelated forms of dominance. They are looking for gender equality within the economic system in various factors from income, gender pay gap, female labor demand to political/social movement, women’s enterprise, etc.

2-7


- Adaptable - Highly Inclusive - Diversity - Social equality - Human rights

ic Eco nom

LG

BT

In

cl

us

io n

LGB T

Effect on Y

minism

Effect on X

LGBT Social Movements

No Effect

Transfe

Benefit

LGBT Business Organization

LGBT

L

T GB

ting

rke

Ma

LGBT

Mutualism LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. It describes the diversity of sexual orientations/gender identities other than just female and male.. LGBT economics are not constructed in a complex manner, rather it is just a system that seeks inclusivity within a business and organization.

2-8


y Eco nom

Ci

Classical liberalism Minarchism Civil li Rad bertarian ical ism L Rigiberal centrism Ind ht-li femin b is A Re uta ividu ertari m ani pu rch alis sm t bl ism fe ic mi an nis ism m

lism l socia Libera

te L

Lib

ert

e Fre

ma

rke

ter pa e lib

nl ib

Ec

Knowledge Economy

tia

ris

Ch

nism

obi

Jac

m

rianis

berta

Geoli

Neolib

Georgism

Mercantilism

Marke

t libera

Lib

Lib

eralism

erta

Cu

rian

ltu

ism

lib

era

lis

m

Info

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ism

m

at

rv

se

on

lc

ra

tion

Eco

nom

y

m

alis

ber

ic li

vis

ssi

gre

Pro

be

ism

nom

Eco

Green liberalism

Agon

Co

l na

ns

be

ra

lism

era

tion

erv

ati

ld

ve

em

oc

ra

alis

lib

era

m

lis

Priv

m

ate

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L

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Libera

lism

era

sm

ral i

e

lib

olib

Ord

al

ati on

N

Li

ral

ita

ig

D lE

ple

Pur ic

nom Eco

Neoliberalism Economic

sm

tali

Cap i

y m

no

co

Go

od

ire

Liberalism is a state of equity and being free within society’s views. It advocates exempting political power over individuals from the governmental system. It seeks to protect individual thought and restrict the use of force by the government with legislative regulation and laws (It includes freedom of speech, economic freedom, supporting capitalism, etc.). Capitalism is an economic system that is close to the value system with the liberalism ideology as an individual rather than as a collective institution or organization. It also includes the freedom of individual economy, the freedom of movement that supports the market economy and private property.

N

my

ono

l Ec

ra atu

en rv te in sm sm sm on li N bera taryi ariani Li olun libert V een Gr icalism Rad ualism Individ Panarchism Social liberalism

Liberalism

Li

m

alis

ber

ic li

ono m

tar

er

tef

ism

n tio

ai ss ez -fa

Parasitism

an ari

sm ni

r rta

ia

m

- Less regulation in economic practices - Growth Cannot be control easily

ian is

- Large growth - Less government regulation - More individual liberty

li na

sm

on nvir

me

rc u

la

nta

rE

co

lism

no

m

y

Virt

te Sta

ual

Effect on Y

lism

Effect on X

ata

No Effect

cap

Benefit

New Economy

Liberalism

2-9


Effect on X

Effect on Y

- Men’s rights - Gender equality - Social diversity

- Some Masculism ideology radically opposite to women rights

lism

No Effect

Mascu

Benefit

Antifeminism

Masculism

Masculism

Parasitism

Masculism, similar to feminism, is a movement that speaks out for the rights and coordination of men in the egalitarian framework. It is a symbol of patriarchy and opposes matriarchy. There is no particular economic system within this ideology. However, it used to be the dominating concept of thinking in many cultural systems, and it is still the primary ideology in some country such as India.

2-10


i lit

ic p atri otis m

sm

nali

atio

al n

Na

zism

m

Inte gr

British

m

fascis

Italian fascism

Japanes

e fascis

Me

Ch

ism

ile

Au

m

tax

st

an

f ro

as

ci

fas

cis

m

sm

m

alis

lE ca

m lis lism cia na so atio ism al ab n ism Ar indu ation tional H o n e na sm e N hines nationali C istian m s r li h a n C l natio Libera Gaullism Labor Zionism Irreden Religio tism us Zio Ne nism Rig o-Zion Iris ht-wi ism Ch h n ng p opu Re ris atio lism lig tian nali sm io Z i us on is na tio m na lis m

ism sm at ni m or Zio s lism rp en ptici iona t e a Co e Gr rosc tic n Euomanntism rate R rede fede Ir -Con Neonationalism Eco Gaullism National Bolshevism Patriotism Span Lef ish natio An t-wing n nalism atio Zi ti-fa nalis S oni scism m Ke can sm m d ali inav sm ian ism

m

ion

adic

ofascis

al r

tion

Christ

Na

scism

ism

fasc

Clerical fascism

Ecofa

D

tic

cra

ism

an

ari

em o

tit

Ide n

Parasitism

Nationalism

Lo

r Co

po

co

ra

no

t tis

m

ic

Po

Eco nom

ys lS ca N

Fascis

scis

o-fa

zis Na

oNe

N

e

Ne

m

m ry na tio

c ea or

Anti-liberalism

m archis

m

l an ationa

t en em ov na

m

lis

ica

nd

ls y

tio

Na

Nationalism Fascism

ism ism l al ci na so tio an na ric se Af hine lism C a ism Odordic ght m N w Ri t Zionis Ne ionis Revis m Baathisrkism Pan-Tu Nationalism Muslim na tio na lism Ultra Pro nationalis m P ducer Di an-So ism R asp ma Pa aci ora lism a n n a tio -S l se g na l a lism v ism rega tio n

- Gives a nation a position - Fascism - Leading to separation of strength - Leading to wars - Inspire citizen - Socioeconomic cliques

Economic Nationalism

ora

Effect on Y

rp Co cism s a F

Effect on X

m lis m na lis io ona t ism m na ti nal k r na nalis tio a c n a e o Bl ue -nati pean ism Q an uro nal P n-E natio Pa hite W -Islamism Pann-Celticism Pa Pan-Iranism Civic nationalism Nasserism Pan-A Pan- rabism Asia N Pe ation nism Be roni al con sm ser P n vat Pa an- gali ism n- na na t Af io tio ric na na an lism lism ism

No Effect m te

Benefit

tism

Nationalism

Nationalism is a set of values that shares the interests of a particular nation or ethnic group and the loyalty to a country. It means the pride of being in one specific type of ethnic assemblage with the same nationality. Economic nationalism is the economic system based on the nationalist ideology and favors state interventionism in the economy as opposed to globalization. Most of economic policies emphasized the movement of civic labor, goods, and capital.

2-11


s

me

nt

nism

ove

us Zio

tm

sm ni io

in

om

Isl

am

ism

lafa Khi

Christian anarchism

Religio

ertari an lib Christi

Je

w

B

Bu

ist ddh

ts

d ud

his

in m fe

ish

it

D

m

cis

fas

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Un

Is

m

inis

em

us f

io elig

m

mis

isla

Pan

R

ialism

us soc

Religio

lism

menta

funda

Islamic

Religious Ideologies

Christofascism Libera

tion th

Islamic socialism Islamic The

Pol

eolog

itica

Ch

ris

l Ca

tia

nc

tia

y

tho

licis

m

om

mu

nis

n

ris

Ch

ris

Ch

cy

ra

oc

m

de

m

ism tion

ruc

nst

ism

o rec

ion

ian

fascism

nZ

tia

rist

Ch

Christian libertarianism

Islamo

inism

an fem

Christi

C

Je al

mo

sh

ist

racy

ode

wi

Kh

an

Arthashastra

democ cra

an

arc

cy

his

m

m

Cu

ov

ltur

em

en

t

ism

cial

n so

hris tia

ap

ro p

sa

Ca e

ism

Ec ic

on om Im ona l Ec

i

itut

lis m

Inst

pe ria mic

ono

al E

con

om

ics

Religious ideologies partake the content of the same belief in divinity. Religion usually refers to a superhuman controlling power respected by a group of believers with a system of faith and worship. It is also related to economic, political, and social movements in this ideology system. The religious economy system refers to religious persons and organizations which interact within a market framework in which the religious suppliers are serving the demands from religious consumers with the offering of religious products, activity, etc. For example, Buddhist economy is more of a philosophical approach that is concentrating on the spirit of life and meaning of work without stress. It explores the psychological determinant of the human mind and the emotion toward economic activity, with the notion of aspirations and the self-actualization principle.

o

l cia ism

r

Or de

(Some religious ideologies)

Parasitism

ed

m

utis

trib

(Some religious ideologies)

- Engage in intense brainwashing

ana

ism

- Bureaucracy - Legalism - Violence and oppression towards other religions

Dis

- Positively Impact people’s well being - A sense of belonging

is rch

m

a Isl

anism

m

ic

E

n co

om

ic

Bud

d

Effect on Y

mic

Effect on X

ono

No Effect

Ec hist

Benefit

Religious economy

Religious Ideologies

2-12


m t So cial is rke

at ism

Ma

Eco

t gh ou cy t Th h gh cra in ou mo i M Th y de Ch ping nar o o H i Jin luti sm X vo ni Re visio m sm Re calis ciali Fo ese so sm Chin tarian sociali Authoritionary socialism Revolu Socialist feminism Socialist na tionalism Tito Par ism Fa ticipa Af bian tory eco nom A rica ism ics Ar ust n so ab rom cia so arx lism cia ism lis m

siv

s re

og Pr y

om

on

Ec

sm

uni

my b

(Pu lic a nd te)

Priv a

Participatory economy

ed Eco no

mm Co

Peer-to-peer economy

Ma

rxis

y

Mix

m

no

ism

Ec o

t Ec

ono

mic

s

Socialism is a political and economic system, and it means common ownership; the resources of the world are owned in common by the entire population. It is mainly concentrating on the equality of citizens in which universal healthcare is included in the system. Socialist economics focuses on social ownership and the government owns the means of production, but private property and private markets are allowed in this system. Labor/workers will eventually receive what they need to produce and survive, but no incentive achievement is involved. Scandinavian countries are mostly in the socialism structure also known as the Nordic Model while the United States highly rejects this ideology.

Socialism

y

om

con

et e

rk ma

t ialis m Soc xis r a M al ism sic ssiv alism s i a e Cl rogr l soc alism P era soci sm Libhical ciali Et ic so Islam ist socialism Buddh n socialism Christia Digital Economy Liberation theology Revolu Stalinis tionary democracy m So So cialism Ol cialism with C hine M dL in o se c ne In aois eft hara cou te cter ntry rn m istic at s io na Pur lc ple om Eco m nom un y ism

n ism tio arx iza M ism un ist an m m m no um rxism Couto xist h x Ma A r o Marthotdionism Oitua nism S evisio r evism Anti-onal Bolsh Nati mmunism National co Agrarian socialism Market socia lis m Libe A rtarian M n a rx ism Re archoA ligio commu nism N nti- us c Eu eo- liber omm ro Sta alism unism co lin m i m sm un ism

ism

ia l

So c

Parasitism

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- No citizen owns and operate the means for production

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- More equality - People helping each other - Involving a little self- achievement

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Socialism

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Communism

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- No motivation on self- achievement Leninism

- Eliminate social classes - Social equality - Community

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Marxis

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Communism

Eurocommunism

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Communism

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Communism was expressed by Karl Marx and opposed the freedom of the individual by Adam Smith and inequality from capitalism. It is a political, social ideology, and economic system that seek the equality of people by eliminating private property. In the communist society, the working class owns everything, and people work toward the same common goal; there are no rich nor poor people in this system. They are looking for complete equality and the community distributes what it produces based on what they need, they do not work more than what is required, so nothing is extra.

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Mainstream Economy

Monetarism

New Macroeconomic

Neoclassical Synthesis

Keynesianism

The mainstream economic system is constructed based on the ideas of both classical economy including Monetarism (money supply) and Keynesian economy (macroeconomic theory) coming together form a New Neoclassical Synthesis. Keynesian economy is also called Keynesianism and it is a theory by John Maynard Keynes referencing total spending in the economy and the effects on output and inflection. Output in the economic system is determined by the aggregate supply and aggregate demand within an economy and things that affect labor, capital or efficiency to go up and down result in fluctuations. In addition, the theorist John Maynard Keynes also supported the idea of capitalism in which people are motivated to work because of money and achievement.

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Modular Economy Modular economy refers to the economic system in which small units from an organization collaborate and create a highly efficient business-sharing module. It is like breaking down the large organizations’ business process into smaller components and each element is redefined and revalued for successful implementation. In this process, everything is outsourced as to approach in which each part of a business process could be performed to be executed most efficiently. For example, reference may be made to Nintendo’s “fabless” concept; since the company does not have a facility to produce their products, they outsource these tasks to a collaborate partner who shares the same value with them. Each one of then performed to their best ability.

Economic System Nintendo is good at product and system design, while their production partner is good at the manufacturing process, while ultimately their development partner is the most efficient in terms of increasing efficiency during the production/ distribution process. Their retail partner helps them sell their product, and this party monitoring helps them perform each stage sustainably. The main part of modular economy is the social collaboration, everything is being done in a connected system where each element acts as a significant part in that stage and helps the whole system achieve success.

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Modular Ideology Ideology is a set of value systems with a name tag; each group of people share the same mindset with each other. It is also a system of ideas or even single ideas that could form a basic theory and policy in economics and politics. Ideology can be a belief that an individual, group or society has. It is also the reinforcement of the existing domination and a manner in which authority is given a sense of the meaning. Each ideology refers to a particular power in charge and it cannot be doubled-layered in the sense that a capitalist structure cannot live within a communist structure. However, they both have different beneficial components that are positive toward the human society and the environment that surrounds us.

Ideology System

“The structure of a modular ideology is double-layered: an ideational frame which includes the fundamental principles and sub-ideologies which coexist within the ideational frame.” Gayil Talshir

The modular ideology was introduced by Gayil Talshir in the Journal of Political Ideology in 1998. The author is a researcher and professor in the Israel Institute with a focus on democratic theory, the party system, and the civil society. Modular ideology is the implication of the Green theory for a reconceptualization of ideology and an ideology structure of The Green party in Israel. The Greens are a minor political party in Israel founded in the 1997s and led by Pe’er Visner. Their main goal is to improve the environmental policy in Israel by preventing any environmental destruction, preserving the land and promoting a green economic structure, emphasizing the individual’s environmental action, etc. The modular ideology has been developed since the late 1970s. The main feature of this ideology resembles a mechanism that allows differ sub-ideologies and modules to coexist within the same ideological structure, providing a certain ideological principle accepted by all the collective participants.

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Modularity in Chemistry Modularity is a system in which each component can be described separately, whereas it could also be recombined into a complete functional system and used in the bar context. The main advantage of the modular system is that each component is interchangeable, each individual unit works separately to increase the efficiency of the whole network activity, and if any part of the component malfunctions it could be fixed and reintegrate a new component and replace the non-functioning part. Everything start with small units, protons, electrons, and neutrons that come together form an atom, atoms join together to form molecules, molecules then join again to form cells in which eventually the structure forms a huge modular working network to compose the human body. The biological system is construct in a diverse network of interaction and the system is mostly modular. The evolutionary process in the new environment proves that evolvability is the widespread modularity of biological networks, which are able quickly adapted to the unknown environment.

Scientific System

A chemical bond is formed by the attraction between atoms, ions/molecules. It is modular in which from the periodic table, each component can be combined into various bonds, such as the ionic bond, covalent bond, and coordinate ionic bonded. For example, ethylene is a covalent bond formed with two carbon atoms and four hydrogen atoms, whereas methane is also a covalent bond formed with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms. The various organic compounds can be relocated and revalued into a system of bimolecular networks, a more complex structure such as deoxyribonucleic acid/DNA, a chain of nucleotides which carry the genetic instruction. From the complex system in the context, atomic elements are the basic rule to form a life, this includes carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus and sulphur. Molecules then composited into cells such as DNA, RNA, Glucose, etc. In fact humans are composed from cells and cells are made up of molecules in which a huge network of complex modular systems may be found.

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Community & Topography Each two villages produce their products mainly depending on their terrain condition. Each of them work in different systems then they trade with each other according to what they need. By doing so they create a network of self-sufficiency. For example village A is located in flatlands with lots of rivers surrounding it, so their main products are animal base as meat, milk, egg, cheeses, wool, etc. Whereas village B is in the hills which are suitable for various agricultural purpose like tea, fruit, rice/paddy, etc.

Society System From the case study we came out with a direction about the possibility of taking the topographic map as the dependent variable and fitting the designed system unit according to that physical condition. Imaging when you are making your own community in a flatland, a system helps you to scan the surrounding environment and select the most suitable system unit from the service system, economic structure, ideological concept, to the academic topic. This will possibly maximize the overall efficiency with the natural resources and also a tool to make human lives balance with nature.

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Community Ontario Government Structure In order to understand what made up a community, we took Ontario’s council departments as a framework and further analyzed the factor chart to see the basic service/system in need to construct a society.

Intergovernmental Affairs

Citizen & Immigration International Trade

Environment & Climate Change

Economic Development & Growth

Energy

Children & Youth

Community & Social Services

Senior Citizens

Natural Resources & Forestry

Labour

Northern Development & Mines

Advanced Education & Skills Development

Health & Long term care

Community Safety & Correctional Service

Francophones

Agriculture Food & Rural Affairs

Small Business

Government & Consumer Services

Accessibility

Status of Women

Municipal Affairs

Housing

Transportation

Digital Government

Research & Innovation

Education

Finance

Tourism,Culture & Sport

Indigenous Relations & Reconciliation

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Community Ontario Government Structure In order to understand what made up a community, we took Ontario’s council departments as a framework and further analyzed the factor chart to see the basic service/system in need to construct a society.

Environment

Human Right

Vulnerable & Dependents

Technology

Intergovernmental Affairs

Citizen & Immigration International Trade

Environment & Climate Change

Economic Development & Growth

Energy

Children & Youth

Community & Social Services

Senior Citizens

Natural Resources & Forestry

Labour

Northern Development & Mines

Advanced Education & Skills Development

Health & Long term care

Community Safety & Correctional Service

Francophones

Agriculture Food & Rural Affairs

Small Business

Government & Consumer Services

Accessibility

Status of Women

Municipal Affairs

Housing

Transportation

Digital Government

Research & Innovation

Education

Finance

Tourism,Culture & Sport

Indigenous Relations & Reconciliation

Economic

Community & Culture

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Topographic The study of the different features and shapes of an astrological object’s surface. There are natural features (such as lakes and land) and man-made features (such as schools) on a topographic map. It is a two dimensional representation of three dimensional spaces. The purpose of topography is to determine the position of a location by reading the longitude, latitude, and altitude. An example is a high elevated surface, such as a mountain.

Geological System Due to the elevation, there are different resources because of the weather and temperature and this can impact how organisms live in this area. Because it is colder, it can be harder to grow harvest on the terrain and causes the organisms to adapt to a different way of living. Topography impacts the way organisms live and requires them to adapt to different lifestyles. Taiwan for example can be the best tool to study, with its diverse topography, different aboriginal group living in differ terrains and the condition of the geological factor affecting the lifestyle of each group of communities.

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Community in Temperate Zone Africa/Kenya Topographical conditions and weather elements are factors that affect the country’s economic system and lifestyle. Whereas developing countries are somewhat having a better terrain condition then in the underdeveloped ones. For example, the geological factor of Africa is mainly plateau and this makes it limited to certain type of crops (cotton, coffee bean, maize, cassava, etc.). However, the topography and geography of Africa result in the sufficiency of the mining condition, but it eventually results in lots of problems such as labor issues, child labor, colonization, etc. As Africa is in the temperate zone, weather conditions are extremely hot and arid there and this has led to pest infection in all seasons. The weather conditions are also causing different type of illness for example, Ebola, Giardiasis, etc. While in a disadvantaged terrain condition, there are still lots of indigenous groups in Africa who are able to sustain their life in the self-sufficiency structure. Maasai are one of the indigenous groups inhabiting the South of Kenya; they have a huge population within the community of roughly around 840,000 people. They live a nomadic life and they constantly relocate seasonally. Their houses are constructed based on the resources surrounding them, and are made of mud, sticks, grass, cow’s dung, annd cos’s urine. Maasai’s social structure is based on taxonomizing gender and age.

Indigenous System

Women are responsible for most of the house work such as collecting firewood, collecting water, milking, and cooking for the family. Warriors are mostly men, and their job is to be in charge of security and making sure the community is safe. Boys are the ones herding livestock (sheep and cattle). While in the rough season, both warriors (men) and boys are working together to herd livestock. Whereas elders are always the directors/advisors of the whole community, they plan the everyday activities, schedules and orders for people to follow. In the healthcare aspect, due to the illness in Africa according caused by weather conditions, the Maasai also have traditional medicine recipes that pass on to each generation, people in the community remove their deciduous canine teeth during childhood for the purpose of “easily drinking the medicine” when they are sick. Their economy system is toward the concept of a barter system, and focuses on livestock such as cattle, goats, and sheep, they trade their livestock for other livestock or they exchange specific livestock products with others to get a different animal product that their village is not able to produce. However, nowadays, the Maasai also trade their products and livestock with outsiders using physical money.

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Community in Polar Zone North America/Arctic Inuit are an indigenous group thriving in the extreme cold weather around the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska. The community located around the Northern side of Canada is known as a branch of Eskimo. They live around harbor fronts and their main method of survival is based on hunting sea fish (salmon, cod, shark, etc.), marine mammals (walrus, whale, etc.), and land mammals (duck, dear, white bear, polar bear, etc.). Due to the weather conditions and the food resources, their lifestyle has been nomadic and they moved from one cap to another according to the seasons; their lifestyle is shaped by terrain conditions and weather conditions.

Indigenous System The economy system of the Inuit is about sharing and interdependency, the camp equally shares food with different people in the camp, they are able to share diverse skills with each other, for example, a person with good hunting skills, a person who is good at making clothing, and a person who is good at making tools will work together to meet the need for the camp to survive. Rather than making one person know all the skills, individuals specialize in a particular skill and each specialist sharing their technical ability is more efficient within the modular system.

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Community in Tropical Zone East Asia/Taiwan Taiwan is a small island located on the southeast coast of China. The geography of Taiwan is complex with various different terrain conditions from mountains with heavy forests, flatlands, basins, hills, to tablelands. The island contain sixteen First Nation groups located in different terrain condition from harbor-fronts, forests, river-sides, to even wetlands. Their system is based on land conditions, for example, the group around the sea, their education is mainly on the knowledge about marines, and their survival depends on the fishing conditions. The main economic system here is the barter economy rather than monetarist economy (Even after different colonization powers invading the country, their economic system is yet to adopt currency, while some of the groups are still using the barter system). Atayal are one of the indigenous groups structured based on the sharing and barter system with outsiders, they share their hunting area with other groups based on the “gifting system” as anyone who wants to hunt in their area, all they need to bring is a valuable thing from one’s community (e.g. a Plains Indigenous Group who mainly harvest yam could share their crops). Their economic system is based on a mixture of kinship, religion, and politics, where each group is connected to others like small units coming together onto a modular system and network.

Indigenous System

Plains Indigenous People Groups include the Kebalan, Ketagalan, Taoka, Papora, Babuza, Pazeh, Kahabu, Hoanya, Siraya, Makatao, Qauqaut, Kulon, and Taivoan. People who live in flat area are perfect to plant more diverse crops and they mainly focus on agriculture and fishing. Other than harvesting, wild vegetables are also the main food resource for First Nation people, they determine each eatable wile vegetable and record information and pass on to each generation. They have sufficient knowledge about the environment around them. High-Mountain Indigenous People Groups include the Atayal, SaySiyat, Bunun, Tsou, Rukai, Payuan, Pinuyimayan, Pangcah, Tao, Truku, Sakizaya, Thao, Seediq, Kebalan, Hla’alua and Kanakanavu. People who live in the mountain area use shifting cultivation as their main method for agriculture, and they mostly harvest crops that survive drought like yam, taro, millet, etc. As the resources are abundant thanks to forests, they also do a lot of hunting and fishing around the river/ lake. In addition, First Nation people also established hunting/fishing rules to prevent each group from overhunting the amount of resources, and to make sure their resources stay abundant. They only hunt as much as they need, and they do not over take the resources to make sure each animal species stays in the same amount and will not go extinct.

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Nature Eusociality System A eusociality system is a system which has an animal and insect living in highly socializing and collaborative systems, such as the ant and bee. They have three characteristics: cooperative brood care in caring for offspring from another individual, overlapping generation within a colony adduce, and distribution of labor into reproductive and non-reproductive groups. They are working toward the same goal by contributing to help the community without any reciprocation.

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Ant The ant is an insect living in the highly collaborative social system. It has a systematic network in which different teams of ants’ work in a specific way to maintain the whole system. These teams include workers (ergates), soldiers (dinergates), queen (gynes), and drones (aner) as well as other specialized groups. Worker ants are in charge of maintaining the basic living conditions of their environment, such like food sourcing, taking care of larvas and eggs, etc. Soldier ants are the fighters and the military system of the ant community. They protect their home, defending it from any potential enemy. Drone and queen ants are the ones to spawn.

Eusociality System

An ant does not have a lead, but instead, the systems are constructed with the individual wills of each ant, and they together form a large collaborative system. The ant lives in an ant colony, which is a nest constructed by ants. It is made up of a lot of different rooms and each room has different functions, such as food storage, room for sleep, room for larva, room for spawning, and even room to put trash. They constantly dig for new room to expand their community.

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Bee The social classes of bee include the queen, male, and drones. The queen is in charge of spawning, male bees are in charge of producing offspring with queen bee, and drones are like the workers, who are in charge of gathering nectar and protecting their honeycombs. In fact, in the whole community only allow one queen at a time. The queen bee develops from larvae and is selected by the worker bees. It is fed with royal jelly to become sexually mature. Furthermore, the whole system of the bees is separated into age groups, and each age group is in charge of different jobs to maintain the whole ecosystem.

Eusociality System

Worker bees in their early life are called house bees as they take care of everything inside the honeycomb, such as protecting the hive and baby-sitting the larvae. During the later-half of their lives, they shift into filed bees that take care of things outside of the beehive such like gathering honey. Younger house bees manage to clean rooms inside the hive for the queen to spawn or provide a place for storing food. Mid-young bees help feed older larvae with their brood-food glands. Nurse bees are a type of house bees acting as a teacher. They are not only responsible for baby-sitting larvae but also help in orientating the flight. Mid-aged bees take care of heavy workloads like cleaning beehives, carrying out dead bees, cleaning trash out of hives, loading/ unloading pollen, brewing nectar, etc. Mid-age bees also produce wax gland to build honeycombs and secure/protect their nests. Older bees are the field bees who mainly focus on the work outside the honeycomb like gathering pollen and nectar.

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The Richy Imagined Future Introducing “Kinnected�; a system/formula of community guidelines that maintain human and nature in balance with a modular system whereby each component is always connected to each other and moving forward into a positive and peaceful future.

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Kinnected Kinetic The main concept of our richly imagined future is to construct a tool that makes humanity balance with nature and also focus on inclusivity within the human society by designing a framework as a guideline for humans to construct communities in different locations. The idea is to make everything into a modular system with a diverse economic structure, ideology concept, and services that can be deconstructed into small units and taking terrain conditions as the dependent factor and finding the best fit unit to build the community.

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Kinnected Connected Comparing human nature in contrast to the future system. We take the human body as an inspiration to create our richly imagined future. The interactions between human nature reflects in the system and the future is one where everyone and everything is connected in order to function. The modular formula is constructed in the structure of chemical compound, it is like when you need water you are actually taking two hydrogen and one oxygen. The structure is made from small elements that allow people to iterate into a molecule then to a cell and eventually to a complex system such as the human body that has various systems to maintain the perfect working conditions.

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It’s All About Sharing

Kinnected Kinetic

Connected

Sharing

Our environment is constantly shifting over time. As a consequence, humans are creating new systems and adopting diverse schemes. We create differing ideologies and divergent economic systems that cause further conflict and contrast between liberalism’s freedom of individual concept colliding into communism’s collective approach, where different ethnical, cultural, and religious ideologies stand against each other. In order to create an efficient community, we consider creating a universal structure and monocultural system that takes advantage of specific topographic conditions and constructs a special system of culture within that ecological factor. Further, we take into consideration the fact that everyone cannot be an expert in all fields, but the person we desire for a particular skill must be an expert in that. From each community, we take experts from different fields in order to have a diverse core of skills and community can come together to create the most efficient structure.

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Do What You're Passionate About

Kinnected Economy

Ideology

Equality & Happiness

While researching different ideologies and economic structures, we take into account the past successes with the intention of creating a new ideological concept. This would be a system that consider monetarism as only a small part of it and mainly focuses on a barterbased nomadic structure, where people can constantly move around, share their skills, and contribute to each other’s well-being. Eliminating class and each special community is what they are doing with passion. People can choose which community they are going to live in. This will lead to the ultimate equality with no separation or borders; just one huge community, where everyone is equal within the structure.

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Space Science Community

Geology Community

Environment Consulting Community

Meteorology Community

Biotechnology Community

Mechanical Community Earth Science Community

Biology Community

Community Product Soft Goods

Energy Developing Community

Zoology Community Ecology Research Community

Oceanography Community

Animal Husbandry Community

Engineer Community

Agroecology Community

Urban Planning Community Bio Engineering Community

Food Science Community

Clean Technology Community

Orchard Community

Community Product Hard Goods

Aquaculture Community

Agriculture Community

Medical Community Agriculture Community

Environmental Science Community Electrical Engineering Community

Mines Community

Climate Science Community

Botany Community

Design Community

Nuclear Engineering Community

A huge eusociality system form by small units of modular network and branches.

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Space Science Community

Geology Community

Environment Consulting Community

Meteorology Community

Biotechnology Community

Mechanical Community Earth Science Community

Biology Community

Community Product Soft Goods

Energy Developing Community

Zoology Community Ecology Research Community

Oceanography Community

Animal Husbandry Community

Engineer Community

Agroecology Community

Urban Planning Community Bio Engineering Community

Food Science Community

Clean Technology Community

Orchard Community

Community Product Hard Goods

Aquaculture Community

Agriculture Community

Medical Community Agriculture Community

Environmental Science Community Electrical Engineering Community

Mines Community

Climate Science Community

Botany Community

Design Community

Nuclear Engineering Community

Each small unit is continuously linking to each other in a barter system as they share what they have to each other.

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Behind the Communities The communities from Earth and Mars were inspired by growing organisms. As space is becoming more limited on earth, communities on Earth are growing upwards and hence the concept of Vitis community was created. Mars is still a new planet that was discovered recently, so there are a lot of spaces to explore and hence the concept of Algae community was created.

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Algae A community structure for a wide spacious space; the composition of this type of community is expanding. The inner core is the power generation section to power up one Alga. Each Alga contributes a different job to the whole community on Mars, and each layer represents a different role in the same field. An organism that grows horizontally according to the shape of the surface. They need sunlight, water, carbon dioxide, chlorophyll, and the correct environment in order to survive. The community was inspired by this name because the Algae community expands on the X axis.

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Vitis A community structure for an environment that has limited space, the composition of this type of community is like a skyscraper. Each Vitis contributes to a particular skill and job for the Earth community. The upper level is the core of the energy generation; each level represents a different role in the same field. A vine plant that grows vertically and against surfaces according to its shape and the earth’s gravity. Vitis grows towards the sun and requires well drained soil. The community was inspired by this name because the Vitis community expands on the Y axis.

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The Richy Imagined Future "Kinnection" between Mars and Earth

A potential kinnection between Mars and Earth in the solar system, where each community is a huge linking network that produces different essentials for living and greatly supports the other. Due to climate change, Earth’s environment has been damaged and most of our land affected; acid rain causes high soil pH levels, melting ice causes rising sea levels, extreme weather affects crop production, etc. The community in Mars could act as a support point – a whole new way of producing crops using the large amount of empty space, which can act as a food supply chain link to the community on Earth.

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Community Between Planets Potential Possibility What could be the potential of the modular system that we are trying to design with, we think of the structure of the earth geography, but the complexity of human society makes it difficult to reconstruct a new community. As humans have been living on the planet earth for a decade, the structure that we are living in has evolved and transformed many times to come to represent the way we live now. The complexity of ideology and economic systems make it difficult to start a village type of society with the system of a completely innovative idea that might be a contract to the economic system that we have right now.

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Community Between Planets More Connection The emerging technology makes humans want to colonize new planets. Existing companies such as SpaceX and NASA are looking to establish a permanent human society on Mars. Where this is the potential area to use the systems and tools that we have acquired from earth and take all the positive components to a complete new space with a value system and establish a new homestead. The idea is not to abandon the planet earth, but to take what we have in order to establish a healthy community that will eventually support the living conditions on Earth. Imagine the future of Earth’s environment no longer being suitable for agriculture and having a community outside in the solar system send back resources in exchange of other resources in order to help each other survive.

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Scenario Story About Vitis & Algae To finalize our idea, we have constructed a storyline to give the best scenario of our design concept. We plot two different characters from each community to image the real living atmosphere of the vast community we designed for our richly imagined future.

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Vitis is a community structure on Earth, where people live happily in a collaborative environment and do not need to experience a competitive lifestyle. There is peace everywhere, and people in the community take care of each other. Each community is an expert in one particular skill – for instance, there are communities for people specializing in biology, computer science, community design team, food scientist, etc. Small communities then come together to form a large network resembling a molecular system in chemistry, where each community acts like the nucleus and the linking network like the electron. The first group of people get to choose which community they want to live in. The next generation onwards, at age fifteen, people can choose which community they want to transfer to. The linking network acts like a supply chain, where the bio community sends their supply to the medical community, who then send their resources to the food community, and so on. People in the community work towards earning tokens instead of money and have basic living supply consisting of essential elements. They can redeem these tokens for food and to entertain themselves (like using tokens to pay for movie tickets, etc.). The system function as a barter structure, where each community exchanges their resources.

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David was born in the food community and because of his parents’ influence and the atmosphere of the community, he is passionate about genetically modified organisms and becoming a food scientist. He chose not to move to any other community like some of his friends at age fifteen. He is extremely enthusiastic about the scientific theory of modifying crop genes to produce the most nutritional products for the communities in this system. People in the community are also passionate about what David does, which gives him a sense of belonging in the community. David often visits the collective event every Sunday to share what he learns from his research, funny occurrences during the week and to hear people share the books they had read recently, etc. On Wednesday, he also participates in a hackthorn activity, where people from different labs come together to solve a particular problem and challenge themselves to think more innovatively, which will eventually make the whole system better.

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Many years ago, when humans colonized Mars, people started a community structure similar to Vitis on Mars. However, because they had more space, they created a new building structure called Algae, where each layer of every community was surrounded by the power core (power generator). Unlike Earth, Mars used Martian soil to grow their crops, as they found out that Martian soil was better than the nutrient-lacking soil on Earth, which allowed them to grow their crops faster and better. They had a largely similar community as on Earth, but they did not mine. Instead, they collected iron meteorite as the basic raw ore. The Martian community mainly used solar energy to power their community even though they were distant from sun. However, since the planet has a thin atmosphere, it allows the solar and cosmic radiation to penetrate the protective layer, which is ideal for solar power generation.

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Martin was born into the food community on Mars. his parents were food scientists and used to live in the food community on Earth but decided to join the Martian community created to initiate human colonization on the planet. Martin works in the soil-testing team that contributes towards experimenting on the material property of Martian soil and its properties that aid in planting various crops. However, recently they received a mission from earth. Because of human activity, climate change has impacted Earth, anthropological activity, and the Earth’s environment can no longer produce enough crop to sustain the planet’s population. Whereas, people in Mars can produce an abundance of food resources owing to the Martian soil. The Martian community then starts sending food resources to Earth. However, they can only use the soil to produce two types of crops, which has made the food supply chain undynamic. The food community on Earth sends some help from the GMO faculty team. David is the representative scientist who has been sent to Mars, as he had won the Hackthron event and provided a great solution concerning GMO crops to suit the conditions of martian soil. This huge linking system between Algae to Algae, Vitis to Vitis, and Algae to Vitis make the entire system more effective and collective, which creates great living conditions for humans and nature.

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Conclusion Kinnected is based on the concept of community and bringing our differences together. Why be a single atom when you create a bond to be a molecule? Water does not exist without Hydrogen and Oxygen. Everyday, we are growing and sharing a piece of us through exchanging skills and knowledge to others. We believe that to create a harmonious future is to work together and staying Kinnected.

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Reference

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Anarchism https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-pros-and-cons-of-anarchy https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/donald-rooum-and-freedom-press-ed-what-is-anarchism-an-introduction https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/anarcho-anarchist-economics Centralism http://quillette.com/2017/08/29/centrism-moderate-manifesto/ http://uscentrist.org/about/party/what-is-centrist https://medium.com/@willcash/the-problem-of-centrism-483c9eed5b04 https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-pros-and-cons-of-conservatism-and-liberalism-I-have-an-exam-and-for-the-life-of-me-I-cant-seem-to-come-up-with-good-pros-and-cons Religious Ideology http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/edumat/sustecon/others/buddhist.htm https://sites.hks.harvard.edu/fs/rmcclea/docs/working_papers/JEP_relandecon.pdf Liberalism https://www.quora.com/What-are-some-pros-and-cons-of-classical-liberalism Nationalism http://visionlaunch.com/pros-and-cons-of-nationalism/# http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/economic-nationalism/ Socialism https://www.investopedia.com/video/play/difference-between-communism-and-socialism/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZvjh1dxz08 Communism https://www.investopedia.com/video/play/difference-between-communism-and-socialism/ https://www.livescience.com/42980-what-is-communism.html Feminism https://www.exploring-economics.org/en/orientation/feminist-economics/ Modular economic https://www.acuitymag.com/technology/the-future-of-business-in-a-modular-economy Modular Ideology https://en.idi.org.il/israeli-elections-and-parties/parties/greens/ https://israelinstitute.org/recipients/gayil-talshir-dphil https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13569319808420775 Mainstream economic https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-economics/chapter/introducing-aggregate-demand-and-aggregate-supply/ https://www.investopedia.com/terms/k/keynesianeconomics.asp Modularity https://members.loria.fr/JBMouret/bio.html http://discovermagazine.com/1992/nov/howdoesasinglece146 https://www.britannica.com/science/chemical-compound Nervous system https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPix_X-9t7E Topography and Economy http://www.econ.yale.edu/~ka265/research/Topography/AllenArkolakis.pdf Taiwan - Aboriginal https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/first-nations-taiwan-special-report-taiwans-indigenous http://www.tlsh.tp.edu.tw/~t127/topographytaiwan/tai01.htm http://www.ntcu.edu.tw/AEC095182/final/c.html http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~anthro/download/article/mswang/2009_mswang.pdf http://homepage.ntu.edu.tw/~anthro/download/article/mswang/2009_mswang.pdf Canada - Inuit http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/inuit/ http://www.learnalberta.ca/content/ssognc/inuitLifestyle/index.html Africa http://www.worldwatch.org/system/files/NtP-Africa%27s-Indigenous-Crops.pdf Mars https://www.nasa.gov/content/nasas-journey-to-mars https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/index.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XcVpMJp9Th4 https://www.vox.com/2014/9/20/6532299/mars-farming-soil Vitis/Algae https://www.gardenia.net/plant/Vitis-Coignetiae-Crimson-Glory-Vine http://www.biomara.org/schools/Lesson%202%20-%20how%20algae%20grow.pdf https://www.terminix.com/blog/education/what-is-an-ant-colony http://www.bee-careful.com/bee-life/bee-community/ Image https://www.thoughtco.com/cash-is-king-when-selling-a-used-car-3308509 https://phys.org/news/2017-09-ice-mars-humans-exploring-space.html http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/mars/ https://www.wired.com/2016/10/how-we-will-get-to-mars/

4-1

The Richly Imagined Future  

Term Project Phase 3 for the course Activist Design Winter 2017 (INDS-3006-001) with Alexander Manu. Created by Clara Wu & Sony Chen

The Richly Imagined Future  

Term Project Phase 3 for the course Activist Design Winter 2017 (INDS-3006-001) with Alexander Manu. Created by Clara Wu & Sony Chen

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