The psoriasis treatment is aimed at helping overcome the symptoms of the condition. Note however that this condition has no known cure but it can be managed possibly throughout the entire life of a person. It is important to note that; while some forms of treatment may work well in some people, they may not work well in others. Only a doctor or other skin specialist can help determine the best and most effective form of treatment for the condition.
Some of the popular methods of psoriasis treatment include the following
These are creams or ointments that may contain one or combination of the active ingredients. These include the prescription retinoids, coal tar shampoos and ointments, calcipotrene, salicylic acid or steroid-based creams.
The prescription retinoids contain vitamin A in one of its synthetic forms. They may cause the side effect of irritation and dryness of skin.
The coal tar shampoos and ointments are made from coal tar. They work by decreasing the growth of the skinâ€™s cells and thus reducing symptoms of psoriasis.
Calcipotrene is very similar in chemical structure the vitamin D that is naturally found in the skin. It works best if it used together with corticosteroid cream.
Salicylic acid ointments work by smoothing the skin and hastening the shedding off of the skinâ€™s psoriatic cells.
Steroid based creams are the most effective topical treatments. They work by blocking the process of overproduction of psoriatic cells while at the same time decreasing the inflammation and itching of the skin.
The exposure to the regular doses and amounts of sunlight can help reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. The exposure of the sun should be limited such that it does not cause sun burn. According to reviews in most doctors and health blogs, it works for most of the people it is practiced consistently. The PUVA (Psolaren and Ultra Violet A light) has especially shown great effectiveness in managing the condition. Despite its effectiveness as psoriasis treatment method, the practice is not very much recommended nowadays because research has shown that it increases the risk of the development of skin cancer. The cancer may develop many years after the therapy was stopped.
Most doctors will recommend the Ultra Violet B (UVB) light therapy treatment by use light box only or by combining it with some other therapies such as the coal tar. There is another equally effective as PUVA but less carcinogenic targeted UV (Ultra Violet) light treatment therapy which is referred to as the narrow-band Ultra Violet B therapy and which is now the mot recommended for the light therapy psoriasis treatment.
If the other methods fail, or they do not cause the expected relief, oral drugs may be prescribed. Examples of such drugs include methotrexate and cyclosporine. Sere psoriasis may need to be treated with oral retinoids. The oral retinoids have similar properties to vitamin A. They are however associated with risk of birth defects in women within the child bearing age.