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2 Desencuentros 3 Where is the World in Popular


4 5 6 7 8

9 10 Music? 11 Visiting Brazilian Scholars 12 Cabezas Negras 13 Latin American Research Forum 14 Efraín Kristal Luis Cárcamo-Huechante 19

The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Indiana University A US Department of Education Title VI National Resource Center

Music, Food, and Sustainability Tinker Field Research Grantees Día de los Muertos Imported Magic/Anna Babel Stephen Ferry Faculty and Student Accomplishments Saludo del Director

Desencuentros Sovereignty, Revolution and Neo-anarchism in Latin America Indiana Memorial Union - Dogwood Room April 20-21, 2012 On April 20th and 21st, 2012 a group of a dozen invited scholars from the US, Canada, Latin America and the UK met with IU faculty and graduate students at the Indiana Memorial Union for the “Desencuentros: Sovereignty, Revolution and Neo-anarchism in Latin America” conference. The conference was organized by Patrick Dove (Spanish and Portuguese), Lessie Jo Frazier (Gender Studies), Jeff Gould (History) and Danny James (History). The general topic of the meeting concerned antagonisms, disagreements and misunderstandings that have accompanied many sociopolitical struggles in Latin America during the 20th century and which, in one way or another, divide the Latin American political left from within. The idea of “desencuentros” within the left is consistent with a growing body of scholarship and criticism that documents and reflects on how insurgencies and revolutions, rather than resolving ingrained problems of inequality and domination, have often reproduced old structures of exclusion and subalternity. The conference thus aimed to provide a critical reassessment of social movements and their local histories as well as of the general political vocabulary and conceptual framework in which programs for social change in Latin America have been anchored—such as “sovereignty,”

“revolution” and “hegemony.” Although the meeting invited historical analyses dealing with earlier periods and contexts, the hope was that the discussion would not only provide new knowledge about the past but also be an occasion for critical reflection and debate about social and political processes of the present moment, at a time when left populism and “Bolivarian” regionalism are making comebacks in much of Latin America. What is past may or may not be prologue, but both the past and its missed opportunities constitute part of the archive of historical possibility. Invited participants included Jon Beasley-Murray (University of British Columbia), Ben Cowen (Dalhousie University), Raymond Craib (Cornell University), Alexandre Fortes (Duke University), Laura Gotkowitz (University of Pittsburgh), Charles R. Hale (University of Texas), John Kraniauskas (Birkbeck College, London), Brett Levinson (State University of New York at Binghamton), Alberto Moreiras (Texas A&M), Carlos de la Torre (University of Kentucky), Erna von der Walde (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia), Gareth Williams

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(University of Michigan). From IU, Shane Greene (CLACS) and Micol Seigel (American Studies) also participated as respondents. The conference was made possible through generous support from The College Arts and Humanities Institute (CAHI), the Institute for Advanced Study, the Multidisciplinary Ventures and Seminars Fund of the Office of the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs, the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies and the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. The organizers would also like to thank Jon Warner and Richard Valdez for their invaluable assistance in logistical planning.

On September 28 and 29 of this year CLACS played the lead role in organizing a major conference on the study of popular music in and well beyond Latin America after having secured funding from IU’s College of Arts and Humanities Institute and a number of other co-sponsors (Center for the Study of Global Change, African Studies, American Studies, and Folklore and Ethnomusicology). The purpose of the conference was to bring IU faculty working on popular music into direct dialogue with some of the best music scholars from all over the US. Tom Turino, Professor Emeritus of the University of Illinois Urbana Champaign and well-known ethnomusicologist, was the keynote speaker. The papers covered topics as diverse as punk in Peru and narco-corridos in Mexico to hip-hop in Cape Verde and jazz in the mid-twentieth century US. Overall, the aim was to

question the increasingly global trends, and examine the various circuits, of production circulation and consumption of these various musical forms. In doing so, the participants also began to identify the multiple stakeholders in popular music genres, ranging from musicians and fans to corporations and government entities, actors who involve themselves in constant negotiations over the meaning, boundaries, and social import of musical practice. Following the two days of papers and discussion major conceptual themes emerged, including problems of scale, layers of mediation, and the ways in which popular musical forms, inevitably connected to larger fields of practice, help reconfigure our understanding of social space and temporality.

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Visitng Brazilian Scholars

Lorena Sales dos Santos

Jaison Castro Silva Jaison Castro Silva is a historian and his area of interests include the possibilities of using movies and images as documents about the past. Castro Silva obtained his Master’s Degree in Brazilian History, at the Federal University of Piaui, with a thesis about melancholy and the city in the movies of Walter Hugo Khouri, a Brazilian filmmaker. At the moment, he is developing research about Urban and Cosmopolitan images in visual realism of Brazilian cinema of the 1960s, at the Federal University of Ceará. In 2012, he was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to carry out Ph.D. dissertation research at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he is being supervised by Dr. Darlene Sadlier from the Department of Spanish and Portuguese.

Lorena Sales dos Santos is a graduate student pursuing her doctoral studies at the University of Brasilia, Brazil. She was awarded a Fulbright scholarship to spend 9 months at Indiana University, under the supervision of Dr. Darlene Sadlier from the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. Ms. Santos’s thesis is entitled Growing up at the Margins – Trajectories of Black Girls in post-colonial Bildungsromane, and she describes as a starting point to understanding her studies, an entry on Feminism and post-colonialism in the book Key Concepts in Post-colonial Studies, by Ashcroft et al, Routledge, 1998. This entry first presents a parallel between the oppression of the patriarchal system and colonialism also pointing to the fact that women in colonialism find themselves in a situation of double oppression. It also establishes an analagous parallel between feminism and post-colonial studies, since they are both discourses of reaction against oppression.

Xavier Vatin

Ethnomusicologist, Professor of Anthropology at the Federal University of Recôncavo (UFRB), Visiting Scholar (2012/13) at the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Indiana University Bloomington. Diasporic Memories: The Historical Recordings of Lorenzo Turner in Bahia, Brazil (1940/41) In October 1940, Lorenzo Dow Turner (1890-1972), an African-American linguist well known for his seminal studies on the Gullah language, disembarked in Bahia, accompanied by sociologist Franklin Frazier. His research included recording and studying samples of the African languages spoken and sung in Afro-Bahian religions, known as candomblé. Two years before the work of Melville Herskovits, Turner spent seven months recording in the famous Gantois terreiro (cult house), located in Salvador, and in Cachoeira, a small town in the Bahian Recôncavo. He captured the most eminent cult leaders of candomblé, including Martiniano do Bonfim, Menininha do Gantois, and Joãozinho da Goméia. Seventy-two years later, Turner’s

original recordings are carefully preserved at the Archives of Traditional Music (ATM) at Indiana University Bloomington. This extraordinary corpus, however, has never before been studied for its ethnomusicological aspects. As part of a project supported by the Brazilian federal government, my objective is to understand the scientific context of Turner's research within the construct of Afro-American studies (combining the United States, Africa, the Caribbean, and Brazil), connecting it to the works of Melville Herskovits, Franklin Frazier and Donald Pierson. I will undertake an ethnomusicological analysis of the material collected by Turner to establish a dialogical and diachronical connection between past and present diasporic memories. As a result of this project, I hope to publish and release a portion of Turner's Bahia collection in a 2 CD set which will include anthropological information and musical transcriptions.

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Eric Carbajal - Cabezas Negras

Eric Carbajal, doctoral student from the Department of Spanish and Portuguese with a CLACS minor, recently published Cabezas negras (Grupo Editorial Mesa Redonda, 2012), a novel which narrates the story of three individuals with different mental disorders who meet each other as they struggle to escape from the places they call home. The book, which took the author over four years to complete, also deals with contemporary global issues of immigration, religious beliefs, and terrorism.

An admirer of the Latin American Boom and contemporary novelists, Carbajal intentionally pushed his novel toward the literary technical side to represent and portray different registers of the protagonists’ inner voices and various manifestations of their unconscious. As a result, the first part of the novel transports the reader to the inner worlds of Evaristo Ramos Fernández and Julián Quispe Huamán as they cope with their psychological disorders and pursue their own utopian desires. The fictions of their insanities and the cruelties of the cities from which they escape are interwoven throughout the novel and ultimately culminate in the conscious of a Latin American immigrant in the US who is then forced to deal with his own world, full of secrets and insecurities. The novel was published this past August and presented in two separate book release events in Peru: Lima, at the XVII FIL (Feria Internacional del Libro) Lima 2012, and Ayacucho, at the Cultural Center of the UNSCH (Universidad Nacional San Cristóbal de Huamanga). As Carbajal explains, a major objective of his project was to publish the novel in Peru, and not in the US or Spain, because he wanted to assure that the book would be available to the Peruvian audience first. In this way, Cabezas negras has been received with positive feedback in Lima, and is already being used as part of the curriculum for three different college courses at the Department of Languages and Literatures of the UNSCH in Ayacucho.

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Latin American Research Forum Fall 2012

September 7 Luis Gonzalez (IU Libraries) - “Introduction to Latin American Library Resources” September 14 Efraín Kristal (UCLA) - “From Utopia to Reconciliation in Mario Vargas Llosa’s Novels” September 21 Quetzil Castañeda (IU CLACS) - “Universal Citizenship, Heritage and the Neoliberal Imperative of Tourism” September 28 Thomas Turino (U. Illinois) - “World Music and the Locally Popular” October 5

Luciana Namorato (IU Spanish and Portuguese) - “‘I write with Tied Hands’: Migrating Identities in Contemporary Brazilian Fiction”

October 19

Luis Cárcamo-Huechante (U. Texas - Austin) - “Conflicting Sounds: Mapuche Struggles for Territories in southern Chile”

October 26

Catherine Tucker (IU Anthropology) - “Coffee Production, Environmental Conservation, and Alternative Markets: Perspectives of Small Farmers in Mesoamerica”

November 2

Josh Malitsky (IU CMCL) - “Non-Fiction Film of Post-Revolutionary Cuba”

November 9

Andrae Marak (Governors State University) -”Latin America and China: Primary Goods, Populism, and Political Leverage”

November 16 John McDowell (IU Folklore) - “Mirth and Reverence in Otavalo Runa Mountain Worship” November 30 Lessie Jo Frazier (IU Gender Studies) - “More than Mojo: Gender, Sex, and the Racialized Erotics of Global ’68” December 7

Arlene Diaz (IU History) - “Artisans of Nationalism at the Margins and Abroad: Cubans and Puerto Ricans in New York City at the end of the Nineteenth Century”

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Efraín Kristal “From Utopia to Reconciliation in Mario Vargas Llosa’s Novels” On September 14th CLACS hosted a lecture by Efraín Kristal, UCLA Professor of Comparative Literature, as part of the Latin American Research Forum series. The event titled “From Utopia to Reconciliation in Mario Vargas Llosa’s Novels” traced the evolution of the Peruvian Nobel prize winner’s artistic literary development in parallel with the changes in his political convictions. Kristal’s talk discussed changes in the themes explored in Vargas Llosa’s early novels to his more recent ones. His early novels focused on the effects of corruption on individuals, communities, and the entire social world. By the 1980s, he abandoned and rejected his socialist vision in favor of free-market democracy, as well as the belief that revolutionary violence can lead to the elimination of the causes of political dissatisfaction. He argued that social utopias are a delusion and that these delusions can be traced back to political unrest itself. He develops the view that societies are fragile and that the idealization of violence prevents comprehending the true nature of war as a devastating collective experience. However, he remained optimistic that social unrest and political instability could be effectively diffused. By the 1990’s, his writings reveal a less optimistic vision particularly after his defeat in the Peruvian election of 1990. During the 1990s, his literary characters are presented as imperfect beings, misguided utopians, revolutionaries fighting for their ideas, and fanatics that he no longer deplores but treats with compassion. This represents a shift from the terrible consequences of fanaticism to an exploration of the trauma and suffering that transform individuals into these sorts of beings. Kristal also points out that Vargas Llosa abandons his 1980’s view that our most irrational desires may be temporarily satisfied through the literary and erotic imagination. In a recent novel, “The Bad Girl”, the main character’s fantasies do not turn out to be compensations for the insufficiencies of life. In his latest book, “The Dream of the Celt” and in “The Bad Girl”, as well, the main characters move from a utopian mindset of dreams and fantasies to a confrontation with sober reality. These novels also reveal Vargas Llosa as more reserved, for he no longer is a militant intent on defending a political program. He is now a moralist concerned with injustice, maintaining the belief that evil is an ineradicable, real thing in us and around us. In these latests novels, the belief that evil is a real presence creates a need for reconciliation among flawed human beings. Nevertheless, for Vargas Llosa the fulfillment of humanity can never take place as is revealed by his characters’ spiritual longing and embracing of fatalism. Contributed by Dayna Cueva Alegria

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Luis Cárcamo-Huechante “Indigenous Airwaves: The Mapuche Struggle against Acoustic Colonialism” Dr. Luis Cárcamo-Huechante, Associate Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Texas at Austin, visited IU on October 19, 2012 to give a presentation entitled, “Indigenous Airwaves: The Mapuche Struggle against Acoustic Colonialism.” This talk is part of a broader research project that he is currently engaged in that analyzes the linkages between the performance of sound identities and the politics of Mapuche nationhood (wallmapu) that constitute the metanarrative of Mapuche radio programs in both Chile and Argentina. Dr. Carcamo-Huechante’s presentation focused on how radio is used among indigenous Mapuche people in Argentina and Chile to strengthen conceptions of Mapuche identity, build ties across urban-rural as well as national divides through shared listening experiences, and to challenge, albeit in an episodic, performative manner the acoustic colonialism of radio in Argentina and Chile.

He emphasized that radio plays a central role in struggles to preserve and revitalize native forms of oral communication as well as the more explicitly political objective of “voicing” indigenous rights. His talk focused on two radio broadcasts: Wixage anai!, a program which airs on Radio Tierra in Santiago, Chile and the radio shorts created by the Mapurbe Communication Team from Bariloche in Argentina’s Río Negro province. The radio program, Wixage anai!, which can be translated in a variety of ways, such as “Stand up!” and “Rise up!” was created by Mapuche educators and cultural promoters in Santiago in 1993. This program compiles and broadcasts oral Mapuche testimonies and music and airs weekly. The Mapurbe Communication Team formed in 2003. Unlike Wixage anai!, it does not have a radio program of its own. Rather, Mapurbe produces radio shorts,

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Los Micros, of 3-5 minutes that are distributed to various radio programs. These radio shorts serve as “interruptions” in the neoliberal radio climate of Argentina. The radio shorts appropriate the mixed style of a video clip, interweaving several themes, such as ancestral legends, family stories, music, political struggles, land rights, and community activism into a polyphonic assemblage of narratives and voices. Dr. Carcamo-Huechante concluded that both radio programs are drawing upon native oral traditions in an effort to create an indigenous public sphere of radio. These radio programs interweave political activism with cultural revitalization and thus perform a dissonant note in the colonized acoustic sphere of Chilean and Argentine radio.

Music, Food, and Sustainability Gabriela Vargas-Cetina On Monday, October 22nd, Gabriela Vargas-Cetina, Professor of Anthropology at the Universidad Autónoma del Yucatán, presented on “Technology, Society, Sound: Music in Contemporary Yucatán.” The development of electronic and digitized modes of music composition and distribution in Mérida, México has transformed the local music production and culture. Specifically in the Heavy Metal, Ska, and Hip Hop music scenes, analog and instrumental music composition has been replaced with dibujando, the digital composition, editing, and distribution of music through

readily accessible composition software and the Internet as well as a high level of computer literacy. The technology, as the instrument of music production and consumption, acts a sociocultural network and its usage reflects the city’s sociocultural norms. Through memory, defined by Vargas-Cetina as “putting past practice to use through the coming together of deference and difference,” this new generation is characteristically Yucatecan. Musicians draw on the region’s history of collective action, traditional music styles such as Cumbia, Jarana, and Trova, and the integration of information technology into governance and cultural production in their creative processes and modus operandi. Professor Vargas-Cetina’s lecutre was sponsored by the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, the Department of Anthropology, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Sawyer Seminar on Food Choice, Freedom, and Politics.

Igor Ayora-Diaz On Thursday, October 25th, Igor AyoraDiaz, Professor of Anthropology at the Universidad Autónoma del Yucatán, presented on “Gastronomic Inventions and the Aesthetics of Yucatecan Food.” Food is experienced as an expression of a national heritage when the aggregation of a dish’s taste, smell, presentation, and seasonality coincides with a socially constructed gastronomic ethos.

This synesthesia, sensory perception correlated to an unrelated stimulus, informs the codification and maintenance of this ethos. Although it is by definition dynamic, Ayora-Diaz connected the formalization of food norms in the Yucatan Peninsula to increased migration within Mexico to the region. This ethos, however, is only enforced as a norm within the gastronomic – or public – presentation of food. Privately, traditional Yucatecan dishes such as Poc Chuc, Cohinita Pibil, and Queso Relleno, can be made and presented to taste, but tend to follow the cultural norms associated with the particular dish. Professor Ayora-Diaz’s lecture was sponsored by the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, the Department of Anthropology, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Sawyer Seminar on Food Choice, Freedom, and Politics. The event opened a new avenue of collaboration between food studies at IU and the ongoing CLACS Sustainable Development Initiative.

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TinkerFaculty Field Research Grantees Spotlight

Eric Bindler

This summer, I spent six weeks in Costa Rica investigating local adaptations of Afro-Caribbean popular musics, as well as their implications for broader questions of Costa Rican national identity, cultural heritage, and racial politics. Indeed, while reggae, calypso, and other musical traditions brought into the nation by its black population—which is composed primarily of the descendents of Afro-Caribbean migrant workers—have slowly become recognized amongst the white/mestizo majority as key elements of Costa Rican cultural patrimony, this contemporary acknowledgement of blackness belies a much longer history of rejection, repression, and segregation. Reggae in particular is one of the most popular and prevalent musical genres in the national capital of San José today, but the Afro-Costa Rican population with which it is primarily associated was legally forbidden from entering the city in the first place for over a decade in the mid-twentieth century, and racial tensions clearly persist (albeit in more subtle forms) in contemporary Costa Rica. As I soon discovered, furthermore, the discursive recognition of Afro-Costa Rican musical heritage and the actual participation of Afro-Costa Rican people are two different things entirely; while symbols of blackness feature prominently in the San José reggae scene, the majority of its performers and fans are white or mestizo. These differences become all the more striking in light of the shared goal of several of the scene’s major artists to use reggae as the basis for a new form of distinctively ‘Costa Rican’ popular culture, in a deliberate attempt to put their nation—which is known for its surf and its rainforests rather than its cultural or musical practices— ‘on the map’ of the world’s popular musics. As I continue my research, I will focus on these grassroots efforts to generate an internationally-renowned national cultural form, as well as the roles that both symbolic blackness and Afro-Costa Ricans themselves play in the process. Many thanks to CLACS for the support!

David Nemer My research critically investigates Brazil’s digital technology programs and illuminates the complex relationship between digital and social inclusion. My research seeks to determine whether A San José lamppost covered with flyers advertising live reggae such programs actually performances. lead to the social inclusion of the marginalized; if they do, then my research will determine how do these programs achieve this inclusion and in which dimensions (health, education, democracy, financial, etc.)? This past summer I performed an exploratory study in my hometown, Vitoria, Brazil. I spent one month gaining familiarity with the culture of the Gurigica slum complex. I visited and analyzed several digital inclusion units there: three LAN Houses (cy-

bercafes) and three Telecentros (state-owned computer labs). I spent most of my time talking with the Inclusion Agents (mentors) at the Telecentros and the owners of the LAN Houses and observed the users of both. This exploratory study gave me an amazing opportunity to meet fantastic people from a community in my hometown that I had no knowledge of. I got a good notion of how the Telecentros and LAN Houses work and of how they may help the individuals and communities located at the Gurigica slum complex. For example, the users were seeking such units to type their curriculum vitae, look for jobs posted online, access eGoverment services, print flyers for their small businesses. At the Telecentros, the Inclusion Agents promoted workshops according to the community necessities, such as “basic computing” and even a knitting workshop in which the students learned lessons from YouTube videos. This was my first experience, and I can’t wait to go back, spend more time with the people and learn from them.

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Tinker Field Research Grantees David Nemer

Featured Graduate Student Research

Día de los Muertos/Halloween Family Fun Fest On Sunday, October 28th, the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies co-sponsored the Día de los Muertos/Halloween Family Fun Fest at the Mathers Museum/Glenn Black Laboratory. The event was designed to teach children in the Bloomington community about Day of the Dead. The community altar, on display from October 17th to November 2nd, incorporated pictures and other items honoring members of the Bloomington community who have passed away with traditional symbols of holiday – flowers, candles, food, pictures of saints, and incense. It was curated by Rachel DiGregorio and Michael Redman with support from Wandering Turtle Art Gallery On-Line. During the event, children between the ages of three and twelve enjoyed arts and crafts activities while learning about the holiday. The arts and crafts activities were decorating sugar skulls and votive candle holder and making papel picado, paper flowers, and calaca puppets. Enfoque - Page 11

Beyond Imported Magic Scholars from around the globe met Friday and Saturday, Aug. 24 and 25, at the Indiana Memorial Union and the School of Informatics and Computing to examine and challenge the widely held view that science and technology in Latin America are like “imported magic,” powerful, mysterious and foreign. They shared research that highlights the ways in which innovation, invention, and discovery occur in multiple contexts. Conference papers also drew attention to the importance of local adaptation and reinvention, and not just acts of invention, in the production and dissemination of scientific and technological knowledge. Eden Medina, Associate Professor of Informatics and Computing, Adjunct Associate Professor of History, and CoDirector of the Rob Kling Center for Social Informatics at Indiana University, was the principal organizer of the conference. Other organizers were Shane Greene, director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, and Deborah Cohn, chair of the Department of American Studies.

scholars from universiBeyond Imported Magic ties in the U.S., Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, France, Mexico, Norway and Switzerland, as well as an interdisciplinary group of Friday August 24, 2012 IU faculty members and IMU Dogwood Room graduate students. Papers and talks addressed topics including the “invisibility” of female forensic scientists in Colombia, the implementation of the One Laptop per Child program in Peru and Paraguay, and nuclear energy programs in Chile and Argentina. Studying Science & Technology in Latin America:

In discussions of Latin America, a frequent perception is that science and technology come from elsewhere. Join us for an event that challenges these assumptions and demonstrates why Latin American experiences are central to understanding processes of global scientific and technological knowledge production.

10:00–11:00 a.m. Ivan da Costa Marques, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, "Ontological Politics and Latin American Local Knowledges"

11:15 a.m.–12:15 p.m. Julia Rodriguez, University of New Hampshire, "Study the Skulls and Bones: Latin America as a Site of Inquiry into the Origins of Humanity"

2:00–3:00 p.m. Dominique Vinck, University of Lausanne, "Adaptation and Local Innovation: Connecting Innovation Concepts to Science and Technology Policies"

3:15–4:15 p.m. David Hess, Vanderbilt University, "The New Developmentalism: Brazil, the U.S., and Green Transitions"

Funding came from the National Science Foundation with support from IU’s School of Informatics and Computing, Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Department of American Studies, Department of Anthropology, Institute for Advanced Study, College Arts and Humanities Institute, Office of the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs and Office of the Vice President for International Affairs. This workshop has been made possible with generous support from the

National Science Foundation

Additional funding has been provided by the Mellon Foundation as well as the Indiana University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, School of Informatics and Computing, Department of American Studies,

Department of Anthropology, Institute for Advanced Study, College Arts and Humanities Institute, Office of the Vice

The workshop brought together scholars in the discipline of Science and Technology Studies, which uses methods from the humanities and social sciences to examine how social, political and cultural factors influence scientific research and technological innovation. Participants included

Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs, & Office of the Vice President for International Affairs.

Anna Babel On September 7, 2012 CLACS and the CLACS Minority Languages & Cultures Program sponsored a visit from Dr. Anna Babel, Assistant Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at Ohio State University. Her talk drew a diverse crowd of faculty and students from various academic disciplines including linguistics, romance languages, anthropology, folklore, and education. Dr. Babel is a sociolinguist and a linguistic anthropologist whose research draws on quantitative and qualitative data from a Quechua-Spanish contact region in central Bolivia. Dr. Babel investigates how linguistic features are linked to social representations and the way that complex social factors are integrated into language structure. In her talk entitled, “The Social Construction of ‘Foreign’ Sounds in Quechua-Influenced Spanish” Dr. Babel explored questions of language contact, foreignness, and social context. She focused on research conducted in the valley region of central Bolivia among Spanish speakers who speak little or no Quechua. Dr. Babel discussed how and why

speakers of Andean Spanish use aspirates and ejectives of Quechua origin despite their dissimilarity to the canonical Spanish sound system. She played several recorded examples of both of these linguistic features to illustrate their use, attention-grabbing quality, and dissimilarity to Spanish. Dr. Babel suggested that Spanish speakers use these Quechua origin sounds and loanwords consciously to index ideologies linked to Quechua and Quechua speakers as well as a general concept of ‘foreignness.’ She noted that under this construction many dissimilar elements are lumped together: a foreign sound could be classified as Quechua sounding, from La Paz, or English. Dr. Babel also demonstrated comically that when people wish to mimic English, they fill their speech with these Quechua origin aspirates and ejectives, which are not present in English. Dr. Babel’s research also suggests that Spanish speakers are more likely to utilize these Quechua origin loanwords and sounds in familiar contexts as opposed to official or institutional contexts, further reinforcing the notion that these sounds are used consciously to draw a particular affective stance.

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Stephen Faculty Ferry Spotlight - Violentology Photographer Stephen Ferry’s career has ranged widely across Latin America, bringing visibility to the region in publication formats as diverse as The New York Times, The New Yorker, and National Geographic. Running throughout Ferry’s work, however, is an interest in local people’s experiences within contexts of economic and political subordination. His first book, I Am Rich Potosí: The Mountain That Eats Men (Monacelli Press, 1999), offered a poignant, up-close view of the lives of Quechua-speaking miners in Bolivia. Ferry’s more recent project moves northward to Colombia, where he has spent well over a decade in close proximity to that country’s armed internal conflict. His work in this vein was published recently in the book Violentology: A Manual of the Colombian Conflict (Umbrage Editions, 2012), about which Ferry lectured on the IU-Bloomington campus on October 23, 2012. Sponsored by an array of IU units (see below) and introduced by Christiana Ochoa, Professor in the Maurer School of Law, Ferry’s presentation offered a photographic retrospective of

the complex, decades-long conflict involving the Colombian government, leftist guerrillas, and right-wing paramilitaries. Eschewing facile attributions of blame, Ferry worked toward deeper, structural explanations of violence in Colombia, while maintaining a focus on this violence’s catastrophic effects on non-combatants. It is in local communities’ efforts to declare themselves truly outside the conflict, oftentimes at tremendous risk, that Ferry discerns glimmers of hope for the ultimate cessation of violence. The desire to support these modes of local resistance, Ferry explained, led his work in Colombia to move from an initially artistic, introspective orientation to a more journalistic approach that sought to document the largely invisible tolls of the conflict. In addition to his lecture, Ferry spoke with WFIU’s Profiles program during his visit to the Bloomington campus. Stay tuned for details on the initial airing of that interview. This programming with Stephen Ferry was sponsored by the Center for Integrative Photographic Studies, the Center for the Study of Global Change, the Film and Media Studies Program of the Department of Communication and Culture, the International Studies Program, the Lilly Library, and the School of Journalism. CLACS is grateful to all of these sponsors, as well as to the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs for support through the Horizons of Knowledge lecture fund.

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Faculty and Student Accomplishments The following is just a small sampling of each individual’s noteworthy activities over the past year. Felicitaciones a tod@s…and many thanks for sharing your news! FACULTY Herman Anguinis (Business, IUB) Performance Management, Third Edition. Prentice Hall, 2012. Distinguished Career Award, awarded by The Academy of Management. Robert Arnove (Education, IUB) Talent Abounds: Profiles of Master Teachers and Peak Performers. Rowman & Littlefield, 2009. Interview featured in El Comercio. (See inset) Anke Birkenmaier (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) Havana Beyond the Ruins: Cultural Mappings after 1989 (with Esther Whitfield). Duke University Press, 2011. “Alejo Carpentier, El reino de este mundo.” In Cuba. People, Culture, History. Alan West and Víctor Fowler, eds. Gale Publishers, 2011. Eduardo Brondizio (Anthropology, IUB) Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions (with E.F. Moran). Springer Scientific Publishers, 2012. “Local food preference and global markets. Perspectives on açai fruit as terroir and a Geographic Indicator product” (with A. Siqueira). Appetite 56, no. 2 (2011). Deborah Cohn (American Studies/Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) The Latin American Literary Boom and U.S. Nationalism during the Cold War. Vanderbilt University Press, 2012. Della Cook (Anthropology, IUB) “Dentes intencionalmente modificados e etnicidade em cemitérios do Brasil Colônia e Imperio” (Andersen Liryo and Sheila Mendonça de Souza). Revista do Museu de Arqueologic e Etnologia 21 (2011). “Cemitério dos Pretos Novos: questões da escravidão revisitadas” (with Sheila Mendonça de Souza, Murilo Quintans Bastos, Ricardo Ventura Santos). Ciencia Hoje 49 (2012). Patrick Dove (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) “Contratiempo literario: geografías de la historia del presente en Boca de lobo.” In Sergio Chejfec: Trayectorias de una escritura. Dianna Niebylski, ed. University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012. “El trabajo vivo, la historia y el significante. La vida nuda y la soberanía en Mano de obra.” In Exclusiones: Reflexiones críticas sobre subalternidad y hegemonía. Felipe Victoriano and Jaime Osorio, eds. Anthropos, 2012. Kimberly L. Geeslin (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) Selected Proceedings of the 14th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium (with Manuel Díaz-Campos). Cascadilla Press, 2012. “Assessing the use of multiple forms in variable contexts: The relationship between linguistic factors and future-time reference in Spanish” (with A. Gudmestad). Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 4, no. 1 (2011). Enfoque - Page 14

Faculty and Student Accomplishments Jeffrey Gould (History, IUB) La Palabra en el Bosque (documentary film), with Carlos Henriquez Consalvi. 2011. Multiple domestic and international screenings, including the Embassy of El Salvador in Washington, D.C. “Notes on Costeño Cultural Politics.” Dialectical Anthropology, 2012. Member, School of Historical Studies, Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, 2012-2013. Kelly Hayes (Religious Studies, IUPUI) “Intergalactic Space-Time Travelers: Envisioning Globalization in Brazil’s Valley of the Dawn.” Nova Religio (forthcoming). “Transformative Action in the Classroom: Tips and Techniques for Using Multimedia Resources to Teach Africana Religions.” Journal of Africana Religions, forthcoming. Stephanie Kane (Criminal Justice, IUB) Where Rivers Meet the Sea: The Political Ecology of Water. Temple University Press, 2012. (See inset) “Water Security in Buenos Aires and the Paraná-Paraguay Waterway. Human Organization 71, no. 2 (2012). “Drawing Violence” (with artist C.K. Michler). Anthropology News 53, no. 7 (2012). Stacie King (Anthropology, IUB) “Thread Production in Early Postclassic Coastal Oaxaca, Mexico: Technology, Intensity, and Gender.” Ancient Mesoamerica 22, no. 2 (2011). “Soundscapes of the Everyday in Ancient Coastal Oaxaca, Mexico” (with Gonzalo Sánchez Santiago.)  Archaeologies 7, no. 2 (2011). Bradley Levinson (Education, IUB) A Companion to the Anthropology of Education (with M. Pollock). Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Beyond Critique: Exploring Critical Social Theories and Education. Paradigm Publishers, 2011. Michael T. Martin (Communication and Culture/American Studies, IUB) “Constituents of a Cinematic Formation & Enduring Tradition: The Los Angeles School of Black Filmmakers.” L.A. Rebellion: Creating a New Black Cinema (Symposium at the UCLA Film & Television Archive), 2011.   Appointed editor of Studies of Cinemas in the Black Diaspora, a new book series with Indiana University Press. E. Angeles Martinez Mier (Dentistry, IUPUI) “Retention of dental sealants placed on sound teeth and incipient caries lesions as part of a service-learning programme  in rural areas in Mexico” (with A.E. Soto-Rojas et al). International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry, February 6 2012. “Caries Prevalence in Mayan 6-12 years old in Yucatan” (with A.E. Soto-Rojas et al). International Association for Dental Research General Session, 2012. Gerardo Maupome (Dentistry, IUPUI) “Influence of predisposing, enabling, and need variables over dental health services utilization in Mexican adolescents in a semi-rural area” (with A.P. Pontigo-Loyola et al). Gaceta Médica de México 148, no. 3 (2012). “Socioeconomic, sociodemographic and clinical variables associated to root caries in a group of Mexican elders aged 60+” (with H. Islas-Granillo et al). Geriatrics & Gerontology International 12, no. 2 (2012). Enfoque - Page 15

Faculty and Student Accomplishments Eden Medina (Informatics, IUB) Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende’s Chile. MIT Press, 2011. (See inset) Edelstein Prize, Society for the History of Technology. Computer History Museum Prize. Kathleen Myers (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) “Spanish Catholicism in the Post-Columbian New World (1500-1680s)” (with Pablo Garcia). In Cambridge History of Religions in America. Stephen J. Stein, ed. Cambridge University Press, 2012. “In the Shadow of Cortés: From Veracruz to Mexico City.” In Memorias del Seminario de Historiografía de Xalapa, “Repensar la Conquista.” Universidad de Xalapa, Mexico, 2011. Luciana Namorato (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) Diálogos borgianos: Intertextualidade e imaginário nacional na obra de Jorge Luis Borges e de Antonio Fernando Borges. Editora 7Letras, 2011. La palabra según Clarice Lispector: Aproximaciones críticas / A palavra segundo Clarice Lispector: Aproximações críticas / The Word According to Clarice Lispector: Critical Approaches (with César Ferreira). Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos—Ediciones del Vicerrectorado Académico / Centro de Estudios Literarios Antonio Cornejo Polar, 2011. Oana Panaite (French and Italian, IUB) Des littératures-mondes en français. Écritures singulières, poétiques transfrontalières dans la prose contemporaine. Rodopi Press, 2012 Alfonso J. Pedraza-Martinez (Business, IUB) “Research Challenges in Transportation and Vehicle Fleet Management in Humanitarian Logistics” (with L.N. Van Wassenhove). EURO Journal on Transportation and Logistics, 2011. “Managing Projects in Decentralised Organizations” (with O. Stapleton and L.N. Van Wassenhove). European Case Clearing House, 2011. Irene Queiro-Tajalli (Labor Studies, IUPUI) “From Sensitivity to Competency: Building a Global Society.” Indiana Conference on Transforming Communities: Reducing Disparities, 2012. “The Impact of Socio-Economic, Cultural, Political, and International Factors on Latinos/Latinas in United States” (special issue). Advances in Social Work (forthcoming). Anya Peterson Royce (Anthropology, IUB) Crónicas Culturales: Investigaciones de Campo a Largo Plazo en Antropologí [Spanish translation of Chronicling Cultures: Long-term Field Research in Anthropology]. Universidad Iberoamericana/CIESAS, 2011 Travis Selmier (Political Science, IUB) “International Business Complexity and the Internationalization of Languages” (with Chang Hoon Oh). Business Horizons 55, no. 2 (2012). “International Trade, Foreign Direct Investment, and Transaction Costs in Languages”(with Chang Hoon Oh and Donald Lein).  Journal of Socio-Economics 40 (2011).

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Faculty and Student Accomplishments Pravina Shukla (Folklore and Ethnomusicology, IUB) The Individual and Tradition: Folkloristic Perspectives (with Ray Cashman and Tom Mould). Indiana University Press, 2011. Michael Snodgrass (History and International Studies, IUPUI) “Patronage and Progress: The Bracero Program from the Perspective of Mexico.” In Workers Across the Americas: The Transnational Turn in Labor History. Leon Fink et al., eds. Oxford University Press, 2011. “The Bracero Program, 1942-1964.” In Beyond the Border: The History of Mexican-U.S. Migration. Mark Overmyer Velásquez, ed. Oxford University Press, 2011. Michael Spiro (Music, IUB) Ida Beam Distinguished Faculty Award, University of Iowa. Cantigas e Ritmos dos Orixas (CD). Producer and artist, with Mestre Jorge Alabe. Samba Rio Records, 2011. C. Denise Stuempfle (Wells Library, IUB) “Voices from the Margin: An Exploration of Themes in the ‘libros cartoneros’ of the Indiana University Libraries’ Collection and their Subject Treatment.” Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials, 2012. Daniel Suslak (Anthropology, IUB) “Ayapan echoes: Linguistic persistence and loss in Tabasco, Mexico.” American Anthropologist 113, no. 4 (2011). Rosa Tezanos-Pinto (World Languages and Cultures, IUPUI) El exilio y la palabra. La trashumancia de un escritor argentino-estadounidense. Editorial Vinciguerra, 2012. Symposium co-organizer, “Human Rights and Literature.” 54th International Conference of Americanists, University of Vienna, Austria.  Catherine Tucker (Anthropology, IUB) Nature, Science and Religion: Intersections shaping society and the environment School for Advanced Research (SAR) Press, 2012. (See Inset) “Building Sustainability in Mountain Ecosystems in Central America” (sponsored presentation). MRI Synthesis Workshop on Building Resilience of Mountain SocialEcological Systems to Global Change, 2012.  Albert Valdman (French and Italian and Creole Institute, IUB) “Toward the standardization of Haitian Creole” (Keynote address). Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics Annual meeting, 2012. Médaille d’Or du Mérite Francophone, awarded by La Renaissance Francaise (2012). Ben Van Wyke (World Languages and Cultures, IUPUI) “Borges and Us: Exploring Translation Theory in the Classroom,” The Translator 18, no. 1 (2012). “Encounters in and of Translation: Latin America finds itself in Translation.” International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, 2012. Reyes Vila-Belda (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) “Antonio Machado y su reconocimiento como maestro del simbolismo en La corte de los poetas.” Bulletin of Spanish Studies 89, no. 2 (2012). “Poetic Forms and Ideology in the Poetry of Gloria Fuertes.” In In Her Words. Critical Studies on Gloria Fuertes. Margaret H. Persin, ed. Bucknell University Press, 2011. Enfoque - Page 17

Faculty And Student Accomplishments

Richard Wilk (Anthropology, IUB) “Belize” (with Lyra Spang). Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia, vol 2. Ken Albala, ed. Greenwood Press, 2011. STUDENTS Alex Badillo (Anthropology, IUB) “Recent archaeological investigations in the thNejapa Region of Oaxaca, Mexico” (with Elizabeth Konwest and Stacie M. King.) Society for American Archaeology, 77 Annual Conference, 2012. “Archaeological Survey in the Nejapa Region, Oaxaca, Mexico,” (with Eli Konwest). Branching Out: Anthropology and Interdisciplinary Approaches (AGAS Symposium), 2012. Eric Bindler (Folklore and Ethnomusicology, IUB) Review of Man Vibes: Masculinities in Jamaican Dancehall by Donna P. Hope. New West Indian Guide 86, no. 1&2 (2012). Album review of Reggae’s Gone Country by Various (VP Records/Warner Nashville). Black Grooves; review posted November 1, 2011: Evelyn Dean-Olmsted (Anthropology, IUB) “Shamis, halebis and shajatos: Labels and the dynamics of Syrian Jewishness in Mexico City.” Language and Communication 31, no. 2 (2011). Stephen Fafulas (Spanish and Portuguese, IUB) “Nuevas perspectivas sobre la variación de las formas presente simple y presente progresivo en español y en inglés.” Spanish in Context 9, no. 1 (2012). “Spanish in Contact with Bora and other Amazonian Languages” (invited lecture). Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 2012. Anne Marie Guerretaz (Second Language Studies, IUB) “Materials in the Second Language Classroom Ecology” (with B. Johnston). Modern Language Journal (in press). “If not us then who? Yucatec Teachers and Maya Language Revitalization” (lecture, with M.O. Chan Dzul). Valladolid English Library, Valladolid, Mexico, 2012. Juan Sebastían Rojas (Folklore and Ethnomusicology, IUB) Rojas, Juan Sebastián. 2012. “Afro-Colombian Music”. In Celebrating Latino Folklore. An Encyclopedia of Cultural Traditions. Maria HerreraSobek, ed. ABC-CLIO, 2012. “Cumbia y música parrandera. Desde el Magdalena Grande hasta el Urabá.” Liner notes for the CD Juicio Mi Tía - Tamborito Alegre. Reef Records, 2012. Heather Vrana (History, IUB) “Revolutionary Tran(substantiations), or Guatemalan university students as Street-walking Theorists.” Radical History Review 114 (2012). “Revolutionary Transubstantiation, or the Ruins of Living Memory: Cyclical Time in Urban Ladino Guatemala.” Central American Business Meeting, American Historical Association, 2012. Juan Eduardo Wolf (Folklore and Ethnomusicology, IUB) Inga Rimangapa!Samuichi! Vengan a aprender la lengua inga (Inga Quechua textbook, with Fransisco Tandioy and John H. McDowell). (See Inset) Enfoque - Page 18

Saludo del Director Saludos nuevamente from the CLACS Director’s seat: Year II. There seemed no better way to start off the academic year 2012-2013 at CLACS than with lots of food and music. Surely these are things that Latin Americanists of all persuasions can appreciate, as much in theory as in practice. The excellent attendance at our various Fall 2012 events would suggest as much. Following the incredibly successful Desencuentros conference held in late Spring of 2012, an event organized primarily by our close colleagues in History and Spanish and Portuguese, CLACS planned to “ease into” Fall 2012 with a major conference on the global circulation of popular music in and well beyond Latin America. It included participation from 8 visiting scholars as well as local IU faculty working at the intersection of music, language, politics, and society. Held at the end of September, the conference was made possible with a generous grant from the College of Arts and Humanities Institute and included co-sponsorship from multiple other departments and centers around campus. CLACS also decided to combine efforts with the current Mellon Sawyer Seminar titled “Food Choice, Freedom, and Food Politics,” run by Prof. Rick Wilk of Anthropology and Prof. Peter Todd of Cognitive Science/Psychology. This recent and on-going collaboration – during the fall it resulted in the visit of Igor Ayora Diaz talking about Yucatecan food and identity - has allowed CLACS to begin focusing one of the themes in the Title VI grant (“Sustainability”) around the burgeoning food studies program at IU. Food and music were of course only two of many themes this fall. In fact, the line-up for our weekly Latin American Research Forum, scheduled for every fall semester, was truly representative of a great diversity of research in and about Latin America. This included everything from the impact of tourism on the Yucatan peninsula (Quetzil Casteñada, IU CLACS) and post-revolutionary film in Cuba (Josh Malitsky, IU Communication and Culture) to Mapuche radio in Chile (Luis Cárcamo-Huechante, University of Texas) and a look at the longue durée of Mario Vargas Llosa’s fiction (Efraín Kristal, UCLA). Finally, it is also well worth highlighting here that CLACS in fact kicked off the semester with two conferences, not just one. The semester had barely begun when CLACS, working in direct collaboration with the primary organizer (Prof. Eden Medina of Informatics) hosted a conference called “Beyond Imported Magic.” This event, with participation from nearly two dozen scholars from the US and Latin America, critically examined contemporary debates at the intersection of Science, Technology and Society in Latin America. Moving toward the Spring of 2013, and having already launched another Call For Papers with the theme of “Shifting Social Landscapes,” we anticipate a second iteration of CLACS’ Graduate Student Conference on Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Scheduled for February 15-16, we eagerly await this event, confident it will constitute one of the highpoints of the Spring calendar. Así que, desde ya, por favor apúntalo en la agenda y ahi nos vemos despues de un debido descanso.

Shane Mariátegreene

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The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Indiana University 1125 E. Atwater Ave. Bloomington, IN 47401 Phone 812.855.9097 Fax 812.855.5345 Email: Visit:

Please help support CLACS today! Your support helps maintain and enhance our efforts in teaching, research, and outreach related to the Latin American region. Gifts are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Name: _________________________________________ Email: _________________________________________

The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Indiana University

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Enfoque - Fall 2012  
Enfoque - Fall 2012