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Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 2012-2013 Annual Report


Director’s Report I am pleased to share the 2012-2013 Annual Report of the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies at the University of Illinois. It has been a busy and productive year, with the continuation of many programs and the launch of several new initiatives. The Lemann Institute continued to expand its scope and reach during the past year. Brazil continues to be a country on the rise, which means increased interest in Brazil on the part of University of Illinois students, faculty, and administrators. Highlights of the academic year included a visit by Chancellor Phyllis Wise to Brazil along with state of Illinois Governor Patrick Quinn, a visit to campus by the President of Brazil’s Central Bank, Alexandre Tombini, a visit to campus by Director Denis Mizne of the Fundação Lemann, and the development of the Brazil Scientific Mobility Program (BSMP) on campus. The Lemann Institute led campus efforts to engage with BSMP, and with the help of an enthusiastic team of faculty and staff, found ways to improve the program at Illinois. As a result, the University of Illinois had the fifth-largest number of BSMP undergraduate students in the U.S., with 39 undergraduates, 12 Ph.D. students, and 4 post-doctoral scholars. The Institute supported efforts to strengthen the BSMP by providing funding for faculty to build links with Brazilian researchers and institutions and by developing webpages with information about BSMP intended for Illinois faculty and Brazilian undergraduate and graduate students. The Institute is reaching its planned capacity as new programs have been initiated. The Lemann Chair in Brazilian History, Dr. Jerry Dávila, assumed his position in fall 2012. The Lemann Leadership Scholarship program for Central Bank of Brazil employees also began last fall. The Lemann Institute sponsored many successful scholarly and cultural events during the 2012-2013 academic year. In September 2012, the Institute hosted the BRASA XI Congress at the University of Illinois, which drew over 350 Brazilianist scholars from all over the world. During the academic year, the Institute organized twenty-three lectures given by scholars and graduate students from Illinois, the U.S. and Brazil. Other events co-sponsored by the Lemann Institute included the Latin American Film Festival, the Mostra Brazilian Film Series, the Joint Area Centers Symposium on “The Future of Waste” and a Brazilian Film Night during the 2013 International Week. The following report describes in greater detail the many accomplishments of the Lemann Institute during 20122013. Through new courses and programs, research and exchange, lectures, conferences, and cultural events, the Institute is having a major impact at the University of Illinois. Mary Arends-Kuenning Director


Faculty Leadership Report from the Chair Holder, Dr. Jerry Davila Lemann Institute Distinguished Visiting Brazilian Scholars


Lemann Chair in Brazilian History

Report from the Chair Holder, Dr. Jerry Davila I arrived at the University of Illinois last summer and have been delighted by the support and enthusiasm for Brazilian Studies I have encountered across campus. This interest manifested itself from the outset in opportunities to participate in planning both for the Department of History and the Lemann Institute. Within the Department of History, I served on the Graduate Admissions Committee, and am pleased that we have recruited an incoming student studying Brazil, and that a student admitted the previous year has changed her field of study from Russia to Brazil, establishing a cohort in this area. I also participated in the department’s planning committee for future faculty hiring. Here the Department of History’s commitment to building on its legacy of scholarship and training in Brazilian history has been explicit. The year ended with the recruitment of Dr. Marc Hertzman from Columbia University, who is a specialist in Brazilian cultural history and music. In addition, the department’s request for new faculty positions for next academic year focuses on two areas that are critical for building the context for Brazilian Studies: a historian of Latin America during the colonial era, and a historian of West Africa with an interest in the slave trade and Atlantic connections. Should the positions be approved, I will chair the West Africa search and serve as a member of the Colonial Latin America search committee. The Department of History’s commitment to being a national leader in Brazilian History, demonstrated by its allocation of faculty and graduate student lines, has exceeded my expectations. Within the Lemann Institute, I have served on the Faculty Advisory Committee and the Subcommittee on Study Abroad and have chaired the books in translation committee. I have been impressed with Mary Arends‐Kuenning’s leadership, and the effectiveness with which she has worked to invest faculty in the work of the Institute. Over the course of the year, my book Dictatorship in South America was published by Wiley Blackwell, and my recent book Hotel Trópico: Brazil and the Challenge of African Decolonization, was awarded the Latin American Studies Association Brazil Section Book Prize. I also edited and wrote the introduction to a special issue of the journal The Latinamericanist, drawing together scholars from Brazil and the United States to examine new tendencies in the study of Brazilian race relations in the context of rapidly changing racial politics. In January, I delivered the keynote address for the Midwest Latin American History Conference. In addition, I lectured at the Universidade Federal do Estado de São Paulo (UNIFESP) and Michigan State University, and presented or commented on papers at the

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conferences of the American Historical Association, the Brazilian Studies Association, the Southeastern Council on Latin American Studies, and the UC Berkeley Big‐H Conference. I am delighted to be at Illinois as the Lemann Chair in Brazilian History and look forward to another productive year in 2013‐2014.    

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Lemann Institute Distinguished Visiting Brazilian Scholars   

The Lemann Institute Distinguished Visiting Brazilian Scholars Program enables leading Brazilian intellectuals to pursue research and writing at the University of Illinois and enrich campus Brazilian Studies through their interactions with students and faculty, teaching, collaborative research, conference participation, and lectures.

Júlio César Bicca‐Marques During spring 2013, the Institute hosted Professor Júlio César Bicca‐Marques, a leading scholar in ecology, conservation biology, animal behavior, and primatology who conducts research on non‐human primates. Bicca‐Marques is a professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul. He is also a Research Fellow of the Brazilian National Research Council, Research Associate in the Department of Anthropology at Illinois, member of the Primate Specialist Group of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and of several Brazilian primate‐ and conservation‐related committees, consultant for Brazilian and international funding agencies, editor and member of the editorial board of four international journals, and referee of many international and Brazilian journals. He has a B.Sc. in Biology from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, a M.Sc. in Ecology from the University of Brasília and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from the University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign. In 2012 he was awarded the 3rd Ecofuturo Prize of Education for Sustainability, Brazil. During his semester at Illinois, Professor Bicca‐Marques taught "Primate Conservation Biology and Ecosystem Health", a graduate course in the Department of Anthropology and advised a student in the Anthropology Senior Capstone Project. He also gave two lectures:  March 26, 2013: “Monkeys, humans and yellow fever: a case of lethal and costly misinformation in southern Brazil”  April 30, 2013: “Infectious diseases and primate conservation: an outbreak of yellow fever in southern Brazil”

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Dr. Carlos R. Azzoni Dr. Carlos R. Azzoni was the Lemann Distinguished Visiting Scholar in fall 2012. Dr. Azzoni is a professor of economics at the University of São Paulo, where he obtained his M.S. and Ph.D. He was chairman of the Department of Economics, associate dean and dean of the School of Economics, Administration and Accounting of USP. He has been a visiting professor at Cornell University, the Ohio State University and the University of Illinois. His area of research is regional inequality. He has chaired the Regional Planning Division of the State of São Paulo Secretary of Planning for seven years and has worked as a consultant for many Brazilian and International organizations, both in the private and public sector. He is one of the founders of the Brazilian Regional Science Association. He served in the scientific council of the Regional Science Association International. Professor Azzoni taught a graduate course through the Department of Urban and Regional Planning. He gave two lectures at Illinois: “Regional Disparities in Brazil: Evolution, Consequences, and Policy Alternatives” in the Lemann lecture series and “Higher Education and Inequality in Brazil” at the College of Education.

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Research Collaborative Research Grants Lemann Research Fellowships Scholarly Research Activities and Publications


Collaborative Research Grants

The objective of the Collaborative Research Grant program is to support joint research on Brazilian topics by Illinois and Brazilian scholars. Grants provide up to $20,000 for one year. The recipients of the Collaborative Research Grants in 2012‐13 were as follows:  Principal Investigator: Elvira DeMejia, Associate Professor, Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign Collaborative Research Project title: Functional Properties of Beans Selected and Grown in Brazil  Principal Investigator: Andiara Schwingel, Assistant Professor, Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign Collaborative Research Project title: Project Via (Via Ativa): Active Living Everyday in Brazil The investigators will provide an update on their funded projects in September 2013 for inclusion in next year’s annual report.

Lemann Research Fellowships

Lemann Research Fellows 2012‐2013 Lemann Research Fellowships support research by University of Illinois faculty on any aspect of Brazilian culture and society, including business and economics, history, political science, language and literature and other topics. Three faculty members received awards in 2012‐2013 Hayri Onal, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics An Economic Analysis of the Biofuel Mandats in the U.S. and Brazil and Intensification of the Brazilian Livestock Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Matthew Winters, Department of Political Science Rouba, maz faz or not? Corruption, Information, and Accountability in Brazil Marcelo Bucheli, Departments of Business Administration and History National Elite, Multinational Corporations and Oil Policy in Brazil Lemann Research Fellows 2011‐2012 Like the recipients of Collaborative Research Grants, Lemann Research Fellows submit a report on their research at the beginning of the academic year following their award year when they have made significant progress on their work. Brief synopses of the work of the 2011‐2012 Lemann Research Fellows appear below.

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CARLA ALMEIDA SANTOS Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies Co‐Director, Tourism Lab for Economic and Social Behavior Research Department of Recreation, Sport and Tourism, College of Applied Health Sciences Tourism And Socioeconomic Realities In Brazil: A Framing Analysis This project analyzed articles on Brazil in the business and travel sections of the New York Times, USA Today, and The Wall Street Journal from 2005 through 2011. The purpose of the study was to examine how Brazil is portrayed in contemporary media as both a competitive global economy and a tourism destination and understand the socio‐cultural dimensions embedded in these newspapers’ representations. Dr. Santos identified, read, and coded 900 articles and examined relevant literature in the field. The study uses recent literature that describes how different levels of frames, known as micro, meso, and macro, convey different information but interact to produce messages for readers. The meso‐frame, consisting of the frequently repeating characterizations about Brazil, serves as the point of departure for uncovering the micro‐ and macro‐frames whose presence is not necessarily as overt. The micro‐frames surface when considering the different attitudes that are demonstrated towards the characterizations, and the macro‐ frames emerge through a synthesis of the characterizations revealing contradictory, yet meaningful portrayals of Brazil. The preliminary study revealed contradictory messages about Brazil as a business versus a tourist destination. On the one hand Brazil is portrayed as having a rapidly‐changing dynamic economy, great for doing business, and on the other as being an eternally fun destination where nothing changes and the people are always friendly and laid‐back. These portrayals seem to devalue the people of Brazil by characterizing the as being assets for the tourist industry but not contributing to the economy in a meaningful way. Dr. Santos presented preliminary findings at the BRASA XI conference, where it received positive initial feedback and suggestions for future development. She is currently in the process of revising her study for submission to one or two tourism conference and ultimately to a journal for publication in 2013. A benefit of Dr. Santos’s research has been connecting with scholars in Brazil. She will now actively pursue research relationships there. She believes her research activities have enhanced her value to her department, college and University by increasing her knowledge of Brazil, as well as of media theory and practice, cultural identity, and tourism. Beyond contribution to the literature, such knowledge also enhances her effectiveness in serving on the boards of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS), and the Human Dimensions of Environmental Systems (HDES) and supports campus priorities of strengthening international ties, engaging in interdisciplinary scholarship, and increasing international visibility.

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DAVID WRIGHT Associate Professor Department of English – Creative Writing And in the Ruined Houses, a novel Research support from the Lemann Institute was instrumental in enabling Professor Wright to complete his novel, And in the Ruined Houses. Prior to receiving the grant, he had to put his work on the novel on hold, because he needed resources that were unavailable here at the University. Through the Lemann Institute grant, Professor Wright was able to spend three weeks in Bahia, the site of his novel, where he completed his research. He interviewed Louis Do Sacramento, a descendant of the slave brothers he writes about in Ruined Houses and reviewed 1930s correspondence between the Dahomean and Bahian branches of the family. He also reviewed documents and resources in Salvador, primarily at the City Museum and at the Nautical Museum.

During his time in Brazil, he completed the first half of the manuscript and finished it upon returning to the U.S. Completion of the novel would not have been possible without the research and experiences Professor Wright gained through the Lemann Institute grant. He is now in the process of working with a literary agent to approach New York publishers with the book. Additionally, the Lemann Institute grant enabled Professor Wright to make significant contacts in Brazil to present and get feedback on the manuscript. Most notable among these was Fabio Durão of the Universidade Estudual de Campinas (UNICAMP), who invited Professor Wright to present on Ruined Houses to his graduate students and arranged a lecture at the Universidade Federale de Juiz de Fora (UFJF). Some 200 professors and students attended the lecture. Both events were important, because they took place at a crucial phase of the writing process. This collaboration has encouraged Professor Knight and Professor Durão to work together on other projects, in particular the teaching of creative writing in the university. Plans are being developed for Professor Knight to conduct a month‐long symposium for literature professors from UNICAMP and UFJF on the teaching of creative writing, which does not exist as a course of study in Brazil.

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IRENE V. SMALL Assistant Professor of Art and Archaeology Princeton University Situating Transmission: Hercule Florence and the Invention of Photography in Brazil The 2011‐2012 Lemann Faculty Fellowship enabled Professor Small to conduct extensive research related to her work on Hercule Florence and the invention of photography in Brazil. As a case study of "situated" technological innovation, the project stands to offer both important historical insight and a compelling model for thinking about both the possibilities and limits of the dispersed and globalized nature of communication technology today. The funds provided by the Lemann Fellowship enabled Professor Small to hire a researcher to conduct extensive bibliographic research and to acquire research materials that are unavailable or hard to find in the United States. She was also able to travel to Brazil to conduct research in public and private archives in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and meet with specialists and historians who have worked with the primary and/or historical material at stake. Archival materials at the Instituto Hercule Florence have been particularly important in conceptualizing the project. Among the valuable contacts she made in Brazil were Professor Rosana Horio Monteiro (through a research assistant), a historian of visual culture and research methods at the Universidade Federal de Goiás; Professor Felipe Toledo, zoologist at Universidade Estadual de Campinas and director of the Fonteca Neotropical Jacques Vielliard; Dirceu Franco Ferreira, historian of 19th century European expeditions in Brazil and director of the Instituto Hercule Florence; and Boris Kossoy, Professor at the Universidade de São Paulo and historian of photography at the Escola de Comunicações e Artes, Departamento de Jornalismo e Editoração. These latter two meetings were especially fruitful in terms of establishing research relationships; Professor Kossoy particular was especially interested in further collaborations with the Lemann Institute, perhaps as a visiting scholar.

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WAÏL S. HASSAN Associate Professor Program in Comparative and World Literature Arab Immigration to Brazil The Lemann Faculty Fellowship enabled Professor Hassan to spend a month in Rio de Janeiro during the period July 6‐August 5, 2010 to pursue Portuguese language study and research on Arab immigration to Brazil. He enrolled in a three‐week intensive Portuguese language course at PUC‐Rio that is widely considered to be the best program of its kind in Brazil. The rigorous course, which consisted of six hours of instruction per day, enabled Professor Hassan to improve both his reading ability and speaking fluency in Portuguese to a greater degree in a shorter amount of time than any previous language courses. The second objective for Professor Hassan’s visit to Rio was to interview some writers and scholars who focus on Arab immigration to Brazil. He was able to interview the novelist Alberto Mussa, acclaimed author of three novels, a short story collection, and a book on Tupi mythology and translator of pre‐Islamic Arabic poetry into Portuguese. Each one of his works has won a national or international prize. The information gleaned about his background and his work will form the basis of an article Professor Hassan is writing and possibly a chapter in a book on Arab Brazilian literature. Professor Hassan was also able to conduct research on early Arab immigration to Brazil at the Biblioteca Nacional, where he had access to materials that are unavailable in the U.S., such as several volumes of the collected works of Jamil Safady, the pioneer of Arab and Arab Brazilian studies at the University of São Paulo and the doctoral dissertation on Arab immigration to Brazil of his brother Salim Safady.

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FLAVIA C. D. ANDRADE Assistant Professor Kinesiology and Community Health, College of Applied Health Sciences Life Expectancy and Healthy Life Expectancy in Brazil The Lemann Faculty Fellowship was instrumental in helping Professor Andrade build research collaborations in Brazil, and she continues to collaborate with a group of scholars from Universidade de São Paulo. Through this collaboration, she has gained access to important data collections on older Brazilian adults (SABE data), which her Brazilian collaborators have been collecting since 2000. Having access to the 2006 and 2010 data collections in Brazil has been particularly important. Since 2010, Professor Andrade has been using longitudinal data from SABE to estimate the influence of health conditions on total and disability‐free life expectancies. The specific aims of Professor Andrade’s proposal were to assess the impact of chronic conditions and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals and states on the well‐being of adults aged 60 and older in Brazil as measured by disability‐free life expectancy. Since 2010, she and her colleagues have published two manuscripts in peer‐reviewed journals, with a third under review, and two manuscripts in conference proceedings. Four additional manuscripts are in preparation. The research team has presented its work at six international and national conferences, and they have been invited to present at the Gerontological Society of America conference and the American Public Health Association meeting. Professor Andrade has mentored and collaborated with two students as well. She has worked with a Ph.D. student in Anthropology to publish two articles with the Brazilian team and also with a Master of Public Health student worked on a paper that has been submitted for publication. She is currently developing a working paper with a Brazilian Ph.D. student in the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, as well as collaborating on work with a visiting scholar from USP. As a follow‐up to this work, Professor Andrade has applied for a fellowship in the University of Illinois Center for Advanced Studies. If selected, she will work with the Brazilian team on four papers:  Disability trajectories and mortality in Brazil  Exploring the long‐term consequences of diabetes on disability and mortality in Brazil and Mexico  Trajectories of body mass index in Brazilian and Mexican older adults and their impact on disability  The role of depressive symptoms on health behaviors, disability and mortality among older adults in Brazil and Mexico

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MERLE L. BOWEN Associate Professor Department of Political Science Economic Development in Brazil’s Quilombos Professor Bowen’s study examines the relationship between communal land entitlement, economic development and government policy in quilombos, African descent communities in rural Brazil. The hypothesis is that secure property rights (i.e., the acquisition of formal land titles) are a necessary condition for stimulating economic development in quilombos. Professor Bowen is working on a book manuscript entitled, For Land and Liberty: Black Struggles in Rural Brazil, which draws on extensive ethnographic research, interviews and surveys. The Lemann Faculty Fellowship, combined with other funds, enabled Professor Bowen to conduct field research and employ survey assistants in Bahia and São Paulo between August 2011 and January 2012.

Working collaboratively with institutions in Brazil, she implemented the surveys in 12 quilombo communities, encompassing approximately 450 families in the states of Bahia and São Paulo. The grant was instrumental in helping her build research relationships in Brazil. Through a Brazilian Fulbright Fellow at the University of Illinois who is a doctoral student at the University of São Paulo and a lecturer in the School of Accounting at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Professor Bowen met Dr. Cintia Mueller, an anthropology professor at UFBA who identified four graduate students to assist with the surveys. For three months (August‐October 2011), the team worked in six rural communities in the district of Cachoeira in Bahia. Professor Bowen trained students on survey implementation, completed the community surveys with local leaders, oversaw the application of 200 family and agriculture surveys, and interviewed NGO personnel and state officials working with development projects in the communities. Before leaving Bahia, she presented preliminary findings at Professor Mueller’s seminar at UFBA, with the objective of developing collaborative projects in the future. Professor Bowen returned to Brazil in January 2012 to complete the field research in rural São Paulo, collected the remaining 250 surveys, and debriefed officials at the Social Environment Institute (ISA‐São Paulo), a Brazilian non‐governmental organization, which provided logistical support for her work through their Ribeiro Valley program. She continues to work on the project processing and summarizing the data and is working on two scholarly articles related to the research. Professor Bowen’s research in Brazil has also enhanced her teaching. She is able to integrate current data into the non‐Western culture courses she teach for her department’s undergraduate curricula as well as into the interdisciplinary graduate seminar, “Global Africa.”

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Scholarly Research Activities and Publications 

The Regional Impact of National Policies: The Case of Brazil, edited by Werner Baer, was published by Edward Elgar press. The book featured papers presented at a conference sponsored by the Lemann Institute.

Former Institute Director Joseph Love wrote Revolt of the Whip, which was published by Stanford University Press. The topic was the 1910 Brazilian sailors’ revolt, in which Navy sailors took control of combat vessels. The mutineers demanded the abolition of flogging in the Brazilian Navy. The book received very positive reviews.

Werner Baer and Atilio Elisagaray are editing papers that were presented at a conference in La Plata, Argentina on the topic “Twenty years of Mercosul.” Werner Baer also recently submitted his manuscript for the seventh edition of The Brazilian Economy.

Under the leadership of former Institute Director Joseph Love, the Institute started a translation series in collaboration with the University of Illinois press. Publication of the first book, Bosi’s Dialética da colonização is moving forward. A second book has been identified, Gilberto Hochman's A Era do Saneamento, a book on public health and sanitation programs after the 1918 flu pandemic. The Institute will pay for a translation into English and provide a subvention.

Two working papers were added to the Institute’s Working Papers series. They are “White skin, black masks: Brazilian performances of Africanness in the South Atlantic” by Jerry Davila and “Intrahousehold bargaining and the demand for consumer durables in Brazil” by Ana Fava and Mary Arends‐Kuenning.

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Graduate and Undergraduate Education Lemann Graduate Fellowships Travel Grants Brazil Initiation Scholarships Short Courses Brazil Scientific Mobility Program


Lemann Graduate Fellowships  The Lemann Institute awarded seven graduate fellowships for students researching Brazil during the academic year 2012‐13. Their reports appear below.

PAMELA CAPPAS‐TORO Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese Race under Dictatorship: The Political Articulation of Blackness in the Dominican Republic and Brazil My research examines literary and journalistic representations of blackness under the authoritarian regimes of Rafael Trujillo (1930‐61) in the Dominican Republic and the Ditadura Militar (1964‐85) in Brazil. My critical approach is guided by a theoretical framework grounded in cultural analysis, visual studies, and concepts of coloniality, commodity racism, marginality myth, and gastronomic identity. Research Activities This academic year (2012‐13), I defended and deposited my dissertation, Race under Dictatorship: The Political Articulation of Blackness in the Dominican Republic and Brazil. As stated above, it examines representations of blackness under the Trujillo regime in the Dominican Republic and the Ditadura Militar in Brazil. I argue that these discursive representations offer important insights into how dictatorships manipulated local, regional, and transnational notions of blackness in an effort to create an idealized—but often contradictory—racial citizenry. At the same time, these discursive venues contribute to our understandings of dictatorships by drawing attention to how Afro‐descendants resisted the states’ racial projects. I argue that the instruments of control adopted under colonial rule, especially those implemented during slavery, were preserved and rearticulated during these dictatorships to politically oppress and subjugate black subjects. I also discuss the main theoretical concepts that frame my discussion. Chapter one examines visual representations of black bodies in newspapers such as La Nación (1945) in the Dominican Republic and Acervo Folha (1975) in Brazil. I show how black bodies are depicted as foreign subjects through demarcations of difference, exoticism, and objectification. Chapter 2 explores literary constructions of Afro descendants through state approved newspapers, radio, and television communications in the novels Massacre River (1989) and Cidade de Deus (1997). In these novels, mass media is an essential tool for the regimes to project black subjects as criminal and undeserving citizens. Chapter 3 studies cultural citizenship through music in El hombre del acordeón (2003) and Tenda dos Milagres (1969). These authors explore the ways in which Afro descendants used music to articulate new forms of politicized black identity. Chapter 4 examines Afro descendants’ religious practices in Del rojo de su sombra (1992) and Sangue de Coca Cola (1985). Afro descendant religions in these novels are represented as crucial cultural manifestations whereby black populations can openly denounce economic exploitation and demand equal citizenship under dictatorial regimes. Finally, the epilogue offers insights into how the

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historical legacies of race and dictatorship in Brazil and the Dominican Republic are still being fought over. Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations “Narrating Bahia’s Racial Past and Present through Corporeal Expressions in Tenda dos Milagres,” submitted for publication to Afro‐Hispanic Review “The Rhytms of Race, Nation, and Resistance under dictatorship in the Dominican Republic and Brazil,” presentation at the University of Illinois Department of Spanish, Italian and Portuguese Open House). “The Dictator's Beat: Music, Dance and the Contested Realm of Brazil's "Racial Democracy, presented at the "Mid‐America Conference on Hispanic Literature) Lincoln, Nebraska “El Corte, Afoxé and Carnaval: Re (imagining) Afro‐descendant Music under Dominican and Brazilian Dictatorships," presentation at the University of Illinois Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, September 2012.

“I would like to take this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude for all the support the Lemann Institute has offered me as a graduate student. I am extremely thankful for the diverse opportunities that the center provided me in presenting my work, as well as learning from the various presentations hosted by the institute, and the Dialogue held at Harvard. My affiliation with the Lemann Institute has been such an enriching and rewarding experience. This semester I successfully defend my dissertation and have accepted a tenure track position at Stetson University in the Modern Languages and Latin American studies department. I plan to take all the great lessons learned from the Institute to my future institution.”

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LAURA CHINCHILLA Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Comparative & World Literature Networks of Paranoia: Crime and Detection in the Americas I am currently writing my dissertation titled "Networks of Paranoia: Crime and Detection in the Americas", a comparative study of how paranoia (as both form and content) functions in contemporary crime fiction and cinema from Latin America. The research draws on works by writers from Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and Martinique. Research Activities I successfully passed my preliminary examinations, which included extensive reading lists on Spanish‐American and Brazilian literatures from the nineteenth century to the present, and defended my dissertation proposal. Research activities included archival research on filmmaker Beto Brant at the Cinemateca Brasileira in São Paulo and on the work of Lourenço Mutarelli at the Gibiteca Henfil in São Paulo. I conducted bibliographic research on authors Marcal Aquino, Rubem Fonseca, and Patricia Melo at the Centro Cultural São Paulo and Centro Cultural do Banco do Brasil in Rio de Janeiro. In addition, I conducted filmographic research on early Brazilian crime cinema at the Videoteca at the Centro Cultural do Banco do Brasil in Rio de Janeiro and the Cinemateca Brasileira in São Paulo, specifically on films that are not available in the United States. Finally, I completed an intensive course of advanced Portuguese language at the PUC‐Rio during the fellowship year. Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings and Presentations Transamerican Networks of Paranoia: William S. Burroughs in Brazil (accepted for presentation at the American Comparative Literature Association conference) Dissertation chapter on paranoia, domesticity and communication networks in Brazil. This chapter takes the films Os Inquilinos (2009) and O som ao redor (Kleber Mendoca Filho, 2012) to argue the ways in which technologies of sound (television, cameras, cellular phones) work as paranoid devices in Brazilian culture. My analysis of the films is complemented with journalistic accounts, more specifically, the newspaper reporting by A Folha de São Paulo on the PCC attacks in 2006, an event that Os Inquilinos takes as its setting.

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REJANE DIAS Ph.D. Candidate in Bilingual Education, Division of Language & Literacy, Department of Curriculum and Instruction Teachers’ Perception of Bilingualism and Biculturalism: The Case of Brazilian Borderlands After presenting my Early Research Paper in the end of Spring 2012, my doctoral committee recommended that I gained a deeper understanding of the context in which the schools and the bilingual program being investigated were immersed (i.e. the borderlands), especially due to the complexity embedded in doing research in the education field in a multifaceted area such as the borderlands. Also, a new methodological approach was recommended as most suitable to a multisited educational research on teachers and the classroom that would also meet my research interests, discourse analysis within ethnography of communication. Research Activities and Coursework Thus, during the Fall semester of 2012, I took courses (ANT472, CI562) that enabled me to improve my knowledge in borderland research and theory and discourse analysis. As part of my research, I was able to take advantage of these classes to build a strong body of literature and make important decisions about the direction of my research. During the Spring/2013, I was able to study for my qualifying exams in international bilingual education to address the context of Brazil and in second‐language acquisition and instruction. The texts of these exams were meant to be used as part of the literature review and methods chapters of the dissertation. During this semester, I also worked on dissertation proposal for the preliminary exam. Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings, and Presentations Paper presented at the Eighth International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, Urbana, IL. Teachers Perception of Bilingualism and Biculturalism: The Case of Brazilian Borderlands. Paper presented at the 11th International Conference of the Association for Language Awareness. Montreal, QC. Teachers’ Perception of Bilingualism and Biculturalism: The Case of Brazilian Borderlands.

“I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude for the academic year fellowship I received from your institute at the University of Illinois Champaign‐Urbana. It greatly helped me to advance my work related to education and language education in Brazil. I am sure the work I have built so far will bring important 24   


scholarly contribution in these areas. Thank you for this wonderful and very much needed initiative to support students conducting research related to Brazil as well as aiding us improve academically.�

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VIVIAN FELICIO Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education Linguistically and Culturally Relevant Literacy Practices for Speakers of Brazilian Portuguese Language The title of my research project is “Linguistically and Culturally Relevant Literacy Practices for Speakers of Brazilian Portuguese Language. My goal for the 2012‐2013 academic year was to use the Lemann Graduate Fellow funds to support my fieldwork research, data collection, data analysis, and, thus the completion of my thesis work. Research Activities The Lemann Graduate Fellowship allowed me to spend the academic year of 2012‐2013 conducting fieldwork research, collecting data, doing data analysis and participating in the annual conference of the National Conference of Teachers of English (NCTE). Field research involved observations in mainstream and ESL classrooms at the third and fourth grade level, as well as school‐related contexts such as Girl Scouts, computer labs, and cultural events. Artifacts were also collected and field notes were taken in order to register each classroom practices. Out‐of‐school observations included in the home setting, after school programs), the public library, and other literacy‐related extra‐curricular activities involving literacy. I conducted interviews with teachers, the school principal, a social worker, the focal child participating in this study and five peer children from the elementary school who were participating in literacy activities with the focal child, as well as with the participating child, her parents, and the coordinator of the after‐school program. During the home visits, I interviewed the parents and their child informally in order to gather initial information about them, capture their perspectives on literacy and get insights into the literacy practices that took place at home. I transcribed and analyzed data, which I presented at the NCTE conference in November 2012. A proposal to present this work at the 42nd Annual NABE Conference next February has been accepted. I am currently writing up a chapter of my dissertation related to the in‐school data analysis, and I anticipate completing the dissertation by the end of this year. Publications, working papers, conference proceedings and presentations Conference proposal submitted to NCTE, 2013. “Parents and teachers’ perspectives on literacy practices: A case of a Brazilian immigrant child.” Working paper, “Connecting the Word and the World: Brazilian Emergent Bilingual Experience with Literacy at Home.” Conference presentation, the National Council of Teachers of English, NCTE, 2012, November 2012.

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ERIN MCKENNA Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Recreation, Sport, and Tourism Converging Cosmopolitanism in Salvador's Alternative Tourism Sector My research focuses on cosmopolitanism, globalization, and poverty tourism as they relate to Brazil. Specifically, my dissertation examines alternative tourism in the city of Salvador. Research Activities During the past year, I was engaged in field research in Salvador and conducted a literature review to prepare for my preliminary exams. My field research was conducted over two separate trips, one during summer 2012 and one from November 2013‐April 2013. My research was ethnographic in nature, so I was conducting interviews and participant observation. My project involved looking at tourism endeavors in some of Salvador’s peripheral neighborhoods that are generally excluded from the typical tourist circuit. I conducted interviews of tourists engaged in educational and volunteer tourism in Salvador as well as local residents in contact with tourists or involved in tourism in different neighborhoods throughout the city. For participant observation, in addition to the mere experience of being a tourist in Salvador, I also enrolled in a Portuguese language school and worked on several volunteer projects with local NGOs during my time in the city. Publications, working papers, conference proceedings and presentations McKenna, Erin Flynn (2013) Introducing “Researcher Exceptionalism” and exploring it in the context of Global Citizenship Tourism in Salvador, Brazil. Abstract published in the TEFI 7 Conference Proceedings, April 2013. McKenna, Erin Flynn (2013) “The Tourist Exception.” (working paper) McKenna, Erin (forthcoming) “Leisure and Sport” in Brazil, Luciano Tosta and Eduardo Coutinho (eds.) Textbook to be published by ABC‐CLIO. McKenna, Erin Flynn (2013) “Introducing ‘Researcher Exceptionalism’ and Exploring It in the Context of Global Citizenship Tourism in Salvador, Brazil.” Paper to be presented at the TEFI 7 Conference in Oxford, England, April 13‐16, 2013. McKenna, Erin Flynn (2013) “Pesquisando o turismo no Brasil: várias metodologias e estratégias” (“Researching Tourism in Brazil: Various Methodologies and Strategies”). Invited presentation at UNEB, Salvador, Brazil, April 3, 2013. McKenna, Erin Flynn and Santos, Carla Almeida (2013) “Brasil para prazer ou negocio: Um Frame Análise do Destino” (“Framing Brazil for Pleasure or Business: A Destination Frame Analysis”). Paper presented at UFBA, Salvador, Brazil, March 22, 2013. McKenna, Erin (2012) “Converging Cosmopolitanism and Alternative Tourism in Salvador.” Paper presented at the 2012 Illinois Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies

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Tinker Workshop in Champaign, IL, Nov. 2‐3, 2012. McKenna, Erin Flynn and Santos, Carla Almeida (2012) “Brazil as a Tourism and Business Destination: A Framing Analysis.” Paper presented at the BRASA XI Conference in Champaign, IL, Sept. 6‐8, 2012.

“Being in Salvador for six months not only allowed me to collect data for my dissertation but also provided with invaluable experiences and understanding about community tourism and tourism policy in Bahia. I expect these insights to benefit me greatly in my professional and service pursuits.”

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BRADLEY REED SKOUSEN Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Business Administration Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Brazil My research focuses on the differences between formal and informal entrepreneurs in the Brazil context. Research Activities Over the last year I have been in contact with EGP‐RIO and Sabrae ‐ Rio de Janeiro to gain access to data on informal entrepreneurs. I envision creating multiple projects out of the data. To begin I have analyzed differences between informal and formal entrepreneurs in Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro's largest favela. Preliminary results indicate that attributes and strategic behavior between informal and formal operating within Rocinha differ significantly. These results can help predict which entrepreneurs are more likely to register their firms. Going forward I plan to study the transition of informal entrepreneurs to the formal economy given the new registration requirements (Lei do Bem) and the transformation of the favelas under the UPP policy. In addition to the above‐mentioned project, I am in the process of developing two theoretical papers that create a framework to study the differences between different types of entrepreneurs. These frameworks can then be used to explore why Brazilian entrepreneurs exhibit low levels of innovation compared to entrepreneurs from other countries with similar macro‐level characteristics. These papers are working papers with co‐authors but have been accepted for presentation at the Academy of Management Conference in August 2013 and the STAJE Conference at Stanford University in June 2013.

“The Lemann Fellowship has provided me access to an extraordinary network of scholars and professionals interested in Brazil. I am indeed grateful for the fellowship and will continue to build upon the relationships that I have formed over the last year as I continue to focus my academic research on topics that are important to the economic, political and social development of Brazil. I appreciate the generosity and vision of Mr. Lemann and all of his associates that have the foresight to invest in both the present and future of Brazil by supporting both research and academic training.

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PAULO HENRIQUE PEREIRA DE MENESES VAZ Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Economics Brazil’s Long‐Term Economic Growth: Investigating the Puzzle from a Firm‐level Perspective My research attempts to increase understanding of financial development and economic growth in Brazil by analyzing firm level data available for all manufacturing firm with more than 30 workers and employees. More specifically, most of the recent literature in economic growth, which links financial institutions, firms’ decisions and aggregate productivity, assumes that in developing economies small firms are usually financially constrained. It is believed that limited credit could explain the limited entry of productive entrepreneurs in these markets, the lack of expenditure in R&D, and the non‐adoption of new technologies. Research Activities In my project, we verify this assumption directly by exploring a change in the BNDES policy that decreased the interest rate faced by a group of firms while keeping the rest under the same regime as before. This quasi‐experiment allows us to check in fairly simple but credible way in what extent this assumption holds in the case of Brazil. Nonetheless, given the special conditions offered by this policy change, it may be useful for other countries as well. Regarding the data, I am currently negotiating with a Brazilian agency the dates and prices related to the access of the relevant database, and it is expected to be available during the summer of 2013. For security purposes, the confidential firm‐level data has to be accessed at their unit in Rio de Janeiro. Publications, Working Papers, Conference Proceedings and Presentations I presented my research in a seminar series at the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) in December 2012. This resulted in a future co‐authorship with Prof. Tiago Cavalcanti, UFPE and Cambridge, who is interested in modeling counterfactual scenarios to simulate the absence of the size‐dependent policy mentioned in my project. We have been debating strategies through e‐mail and he invited me to visit Cambridge by the end of July, 2013 in order to write the first draft. “Brazil’s Long‐Term Economic Growth: Investigating the Puzzle from a Firm‐level Perspective” i) XL Encontro Nacional de Economia ‐ ANPEC 2012 ‐ ANPEC (Associação Nacional de Pós‐ Graduação em Economia) ii) Seminar at Universidade Federal de Pernambuco ‐ Dec. 2012

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“I’m deeply grateful, once more, for the support that I have received from you to pursuit research on Brazil. I was very fortunate to have received, back in 2009, your help when I first arrived at the Department of Economics, and for being granted once again a gift last year by the Lemann Institute. The first support was fundamental for the undertaking of courses. During the research phase, the grant offered by the Lemann Institute served as stimulation for me to design a research agenda on Brazil that would analyze national problems under the scientific rigor learned in the United States. As a researcher, this agenda shall guide my work from here on. I truly hope that the institute continues to motivate research on our country; I believe that high quality diagnostics for our problems shapes the beginning for progress.”

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Travel Grants Brazil Scientific Mobility Program‐Related Travel A new initiative provided travel grants for faculty in STEM fields to make connections with Brazilian researchers and to recruit promising students to study at Illinois. The program is intended to build upon opportunities available through the Brazilian government’s BSMP. Five travel grants were awarded to Rod Mackie, Animal Sciences, Glaucio Paulino, Civil Engineering, Mary Grace Danao, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Phil Cardoso, Animal Sciences, and Joanna Shisler, Microbiology. Lemann Study Abroad Scholarships The Institute serves the undergraduates at Illinois by offering Lemann Study Abroad Scholarships designed to enable students to spend an academic year, semester, or summer term studying in Brazil. Nine undergraduate students studied in Brazil in 2012‐2013:  Tracy Woodley, Political Science, academic year in Rio de Janeiro  Manual Cardenas, Global Studies, fall semester in Rio de Janeiro  Leslie Greer, Community Health, fall semester in Rio de Janeiro  Homari Oda, Agricultural and Consumer Economics, spring semester in Rio de Janeiro  Melissa Rios Chavez, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, summer in Vicosa  Claire Everett, Agricultural Communications, summer in Vicosa  Natali Gracia, Human Development and Family Studies, summer in Vicosa  Mia Lamieu, Animal Sciences, summer in Vicosa  Matthew Nolan, Agricultural and Consumer Economics, summer in Rio de Janeiro, Mato Grosso, São Paulo

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Brazil Initiation Scholarships

The Institute collaborated with BRASA to provide Brazil Initiation Scholarships for the 2012‐13 academic year. These awards are intended for students who are starting out in Brazilian Studies and have not had opportunities to travel to Brazil. Two University of Illinois students, Laura Chinchilla and Lenore Matthew, received BIS Scholarships, which were financed by the Institute.

Short Courses

The Institute supports short‐term courses that involve travel to Brazil for 10 to 14 days. For the fourth time in the summer of 2013, the Institute provided funding to the College of Business to support the James Scholars Program, which takes sophomore students to Brazil to work with Brazilian students, using the case study method. Professor Terry McCoy leads the group. In May 2013, 13 Illinois students participated in the case study competition, on teams with Brazilian students from the University of São Paulo. Other short‐term courses that were supported by the Lemann Institute include:  Agriculture, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences 298: Brazil: Sustainable Agriculture, five students, summer 2013  Human Development and Family Studies 379/499: The Brazilian Family, six students, summer 2013  Agricultural and Consumer Economics 398/299: Brazil Agribusiness Club trip, 12 students, January 2013  Agricultural and Biological Engineering 397: Bioinstrumentation for engineering research in sub‐tropical climates, 3 students, summer 2012  Portuguese 404: Luso‐Brazilian Culture, eight students, summer 2012 Director Arends‐Kuenning accompanied a group of 26 students to Brazil as part of the International Business Immersion Program cosponsored by Agricultural and Consumer Economics and the College of Business. The group visited universities, corporations, government entities, and farms in São Paulo, Mato Grosso, and Rio de Janeiro.

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Brazil Scientific Mobility Program

In 2011, Brazil’s government launched the BSMP, which provides funding for Brazilian graduate and undergraduate students to study in world universities. The Lemann Institute took a leadership role in engaging Illinois in the Brazil Scientific Mobility Program (formerly Science without Borders). The Institute staff provided liaisons among Illinois faculty, administrators, and staff, and Brazilian universities, government agencies, and foundations. Director Arends‐Kuenning communicated with University of Illinois unit heads and professors to put together a list of faculty members in STEM fields with interests in Brazil. She traveled to Brazil twice to meet with officials in the agencies that administer BSMP, CAPES and CNPq. The Institute worked closely with the Fundação Lemann to bring graduate students to the University of Illinois through the BSMP. The Fundação Lemann will provide a stipend to Ph.D. students who study at six elite U.S. universities, including Illinois. In October, the Fundação organized an event at Harvard that brought faculty from the six universities together with Deans and academic leaders from Brazil. Professor Richard Gates of Agricultural and Biological Engineering and Director Arends‐Kuenning attended the event. The Institute is also collaborating with the Fundação on marketing efforts in Brazil. On campus, the Institute organized a series of meetings to find solutions to the administrative and cultural challenges that BSMP presents, especially during the implementation period. These meetings involved staff from the Consulate‐General of Brazil in Chicago as well as UI administrators, professors, and Study Abroad staff. The University of Illinois is fortunate to have a very strong, dedicated team that works on BSMP, which includes representatives of the central study abroad office and unit study abroad offices, the Office of International Student and Scholar Services, and selected faculty members. The Institute hosted several events for BSMP students throughout the academic year. In November, the Institute, together with ISSS, hosted a pizza night for BSMP undergraduate students to share information about how to apply for graduate studies through the Graduate College, Crop Sciences, Animal Sciences, Mechanical Science & Engineering, Civil & Environmental Engineering and Agricultural & Biological Engineering. In January, the Institute hosted a welcome luncheon for new BSMP students. Program Coordinator Brigitte Cairus led an orientation session on cultural and social challenges that Brazilians might face at an American university. The Institute coordinated lunches with various visitors to campus, including David Saide and Ambassador Paulo Camargo from the Brazilian Consulate in Chicago. To publicize BSMP on campus, Director Arends‐Kuenning gave a presentation to the Council of Deans in April 2013. Lemann Institute staff developed new webpages about BSMP containing relevant information for Brazilian prospective and current students and Illinois faculty: http://www.clacs.illinois.edu/lemann/bsmp/default.aspx. The webpages will be updated regularly.  

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Lemann Brazil Leadership Fund Lemann Brazil Leadership Scholarships


Lemann Brazil Leadership Scholarships   Lemann Brazil Leadership Scholarships enable Brazilian professionals to obtain a professional master’s degree at the University of Illinois. The University offers several graduate programs for practicing professionals, including programs designed for international professionals. One such program is the Master of Science in Policy Economics (MSPE), which is specifically designed to enable professionals in government institutions, such as central banks or finance ministries, or in private companies to gain additional skills in economic analysis. More than 1,000 professionals from 88 countries have graduated from the MSPE program since its founding in 1984, and many of them have risen to senior executive positions in the public or private sector. Last year, the Lemann Institute signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Prof. Firouz Gahvari, head of the MSPE and with the Central Bank of Brazil to formalize the participation of Central Bank employees in the program. The Institute provides tuition for up to three mid‐level administrators from the Central Bank to pursue two‐year MSPE degrees at Illinois. The Lemann Scholarship program for Central Bank of Brazil employees began this year with the arrival of André Mueller and Camila Maia, now enrolled in the MSPE program. Mueller and Maia will continue next year, and three additional students, Gabriel Heqab, Claudio Coutinho, and Luis Vissoto, will join the MSPE program in fall 2013.

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Outreach Establishing Partnerships Lectures and Presentations Annual Dialogue Joint Area Centers Symposium: “The Futures of Waste” Brazilian Art Exhibition, Krannert Art Museum Latin American Film Festival 11th Annual International Conference on Capoeria BET-USA Luncheon


The Lemann Institute had a very busy and dynamic agenda for events during the 2012‐13 academic year and promoted and sponsored 23 lectures about Brazil independently or in combination with the different departments in humanities, economics, physical and life sciences, social sciences and housing division. Two highlights were lectures by Central Bank President and Illinois alumnus Alexandre Tombini and by Fundação Lemann Executive Director Denis Mizne. Details about the lecture series are found in Appendix C. The Lemann Institute sponsored many successful scholarly and cultural events during the 2012‐13 academic year, including conferences, lectures, exhibitions, and film festivals, among other activities.

Establishing Partnerships

The growing importance of Brazil to the University of Illinois was highlighted by Chancellor Phyllis Wise’s visit with Governor Pat Quinn as part of a state trade delegation. During the visit, Chancellor Wise met with Jorge Paulo Lemann, government officials, and university officials. She signed Memoranda of Understanding with Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Universidade de Pernambuco, and UNICAMP (Universidade Estadual de Campinas) as well as with CAPES. The Lemann Institute assisted with preparations for the trip, and Lemann Chair Professor Werner Baer accompanied the group.

Lectures and Presentations President Alexandre Tombini’s lecture took place on February 21, 2013 on campus and was organized by the Lemann Institute in a partnership between the Master of Science in Policy Economics Program of the Department of Economics – Illinois and the Consulate General of Brazil in Chicago. The title of Tombini’s lecture was “Brazil: The Current Economic Situation.” Tombini’s lecture on campus attracted a large number of students, faculty and media and was very successful. As part of his visit to Illinois, Tombini met faculty and Brazilian graduate students over a well‐attended Q&A lunch at Illini Union. A second lecture by Tombini took place in Chicago on February 22, 2013 and was mainly organized by the Consulate General of Brazil in Chicago in partnership with the Lemann Institute, the Brazil‐US Midwest Business Council in Cooperation with the Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. On March 27th 2013 Denis Mizne, Executive Director of Fundação Lemann presented "The state of education in Brazil today: Challenges and innovations." The lecture was very successful and well attended. During his visit to Illinois, Director Mizne met with Laura Hahn, Director, Intensive English Institute, and Dean Mary Kalantzis and Professor James Anderson of the College of Education. He also had a Q&A lunch with the Brazilian Scientific Mobility Students at Illinois.

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The Institute co‐sponsored an Expert Roundtable, “Physical Activity, Health, and Well‐ Being in Brazil” together with the Center on Health, Aging, and Disability. The Roundtable was organized by past Lemann faculty grant recipient Professor Andiara Schwingel. Scholars attended from Brazil and U.S. universities.

Annual Dialogue The Lemann Institute continues to work together with Harvard, Columbia, and Stanford to sponsor an annual Dialogue on a topic relevant to contemporary Brazil. The location of the Dialogues rotates among the universities. The second Annual Dialogue, entitled “Brazil and the Future of the Global City” focused on urban policy and occurred at Harvard on October 25‐26, 2012. From Illinois, Professors Arends‐Kuenning, Love, and Baer served as panelist, chair and discussant. Professor Jerry Davila and Lemann Distinguished Visiting Scholar Carlos Azzoni also attended, together with professors from Harvard, Columbia, and Stanford. The third Dialogue, which will focus on Agricultural and Environmental Issues in Brazil, will be organized and hosted by the Lemann Institute and will take place at the University of Illinois on November 7‐8, 2013.

Joint Area Centers Symposium: “The Future of Waste”

The Institute was a sponsor of the Joint Area Centers Symposium “The Future of Waste” held March 1‐2, 2013. This symposium focused on issues of waste generation, environment and recycling. The Brazilian documentary Waste Land, was exhibited at the opening of the symposium.

Brazilian Art Exhibition, Krannert Art Museum From January 25th to March 31st 2013 the Lemann Institute sponsored a major exhibition of Brazilian art that was curated by Tumelo Mosaka and Irene Small at the Krannert Art Museum. The exhibition, “Blind Field,” featured 20 young artists living in Brazil who offer a critical perspective on processes of transition within contemporary society. The works included a wide range of media including film, video, installation, photography, performance, painting, and urban intervention. The exhibition will be at Michigan State University from June 7 to September 8, 2013.

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Latin American Film Festival

As part of the goal of promoting Brazilian culture at Illinois, the Lemann Institute co‐ sponsored again the Latin American Film Festival with CLACS in September 2012, by subsidizing the exhibition of a Brazilian film, “A Cadeira do Pai.”. In November 2012, the Institute sponsored Mostra III on campus, which was open to the public. The film “Xingu” was screened at Illinois Hillel, and artistic director Cassio Amarante attended the screening and answered questions from the audience. The event was followed by a reception. The film was among the films shown at the Brazilian Film Exhibit in Chicago, sponsored by the Partners of the Americas and the Brazilian Consulate .The Institute will host Mostra IV again this fall. As part of the International Week on campus, the Lemann Institute exhibited the film “Central do Brasil” on April 8 and participated in the event “Travel Around the World” organized by International Student and Scholars Services on April 12. Both events attracted the interest of students from around the campus.

11th Annual International Conference on Capoeria The Lemann Institute sponsored the 11th Annual International Conference on Capoeira (a Brazilian martial art set to music), which occurred on campus April 11‐14, 2013. The Conference was organized by the local Illinois Capoeira Club and attracted students from across the Midwest.

BET-USA Luncheon In February, the Lemann Institute organized a lunch with 26 High School English Teachers from Brazil, who were studying at the Intensive English Institute at Illinois under the BET‐ USA – English Language Certificate Program. BET‐USA is a collaboration among the Institute of International Education (IIE), Brazilian sponsor CAPES, the Fulbright Commission in Brazil and the U.S. Embassy in Brazil. The teachers were very enthusiastic about the program and their experiences at Illinois, and the event was very vibrant and cheerful. The Lemann Institute will organize a similar welcoming event for Brazilian teachers arriving on campus during summer 2013.

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Portuguese Language Program


Portuguese Language Program To support teaching in the Portuguese program at Illinois, the Institute funds a Portuguese Language Director position. Ms. Nola Senna currently holds this position, and under her leadership, enrollments in Portuguese classes increased from 160 in 2010‐11 to 240 in 2011‐12, a 50 percent increase. Enrollments held steady at about 240 students in 2012‐13. Students who study Portuguese exhibit a high level of satisfaction regarding all aspects of the program, with all teachers making the list of Excellent Teachers. This solidifies the teaching of Portuguese at all three levels. Student retention is increasing, allowing for the Portuguese Program to offer two courses, Advanced Grammar and Portuguese for Business, that are at the intermediate/advanced level in Fall 2013. There are new initiatives in the Portuguese Program. A new course, Introduction to Brazilian Studies, will be offered in Fall 2013. The course will be taught in English. Together with two Illinois students, Ms. Senna will start the Brazil Initiative. New ways to interact with Brazilian students will be explored through IT and study tours. A new Registered Student Organization is being launched, Consulting Brazil. Its goal is to provide cultural, language, and business consulting services to American companies looking to enter the Brazilian market or vice versa.

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BRASA


BRASA

The Secretariat of the Brazilian Studies Association continued to work at the Lemann Institute during 2012‐13. BRASA is dedicated to the promotion of Brazilian studies and has currently more than 600 members in the United States, Europe, and Latin American countries including Brazil. Every two years, the association organizes an interdisciplinary conference for Brazilianists, and last September the BRASA XI Congress took place at our campus, at the Alice Campbell Alumni Center, the Illini Union, and the Levis Faculty Center. The two‐day conference had about 80 panels and an attendance of over 350 participants from around the world. The BRASA Board members worked together with University faculty, students, and staff to organize the conference. The panels were diverse and multidisciplinary, including themes related to politics, immigration, economics, history, environment, arts and education, and the topics of gender, race, ethnicity, culture and human rights. The opening ceremony featured performances by pianist and Jazz Studies graduate student Marcelo Kuyumjian and by Desafinado, a local band that plays bossa nova, samba, and MPB. The Plenary Session focused on funding opportunities and exchange programs between Brazil and the U.S. The local capoeira school, Livre comoVento, performed in Lincoln Hall before the Plenary. Friday night featured a Gallery Reception and exhibition by painter Sergio Rabinovitz from Bahia, Brazil, and a Brazilian Independence Day Party at Jupiter’s, organized by the Luso‐Brazilian Association. The Institute provides a home for the BRASA Secretariat, a commitment that continues until December 2015. There have been some changes in administering BRASA. In March, the Executive Directorship was transferred from Director Arends‐Kuenning to Program Coordinator Cairus. BRASA signed an agreement with Conference Services, which will manage the membership database and handle membership payments. The next BRASA XII Congress will take place August 20‐23, 2014 at Kings College, London. An executive committee meeting occurred at the end of May 2013 in Washington, DC to discuss the Congress planning. Graduate Research Assistants Marcelo Kuyumjian and Marilia Correa Kuyumjian and Information Technology specialist Daniel Bacon handle the day‐to‐day tasks of BRASA and are assisting with the improvement of BRASA’s digest, website and marketing.

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Program Administration and Governance Lemann Institute Staff Lemann Institute Board of Overseers


Lemann Institute Staff

The Institute’s mission is supported by a group of dedicated staff. Dr. Mary Arends‐ Kuenning continues to serve as director. In October 2012, Brigitte Grossman Cairus joined the Lemann Institute as Program Coordinator, working closely with Dr. Arends‐Kuenning and the staff of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies Centers on the planning and execution of Institute events and projects. In March 2013, Ms. Cairus also assumed the role of Executive Director of BRASA, taking over from Dr. Arends‐Kuenning. Due to the growing number of activities and projects, the Lemann Institute has directed funds toward the salary for a part‐time secretary and two graduate research assistants. They handle day‐to‐day administrative functions of the Institute. In addition, the GRAs support the activities of BRASA. The Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences has initiated the process for conducting a search for the next director of the Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies at the University of Illinois. The Director will be a scholar‐leader with expertise related to Brazil, and may come from a field within or beyond LAS (e.g., ACES, BUS, LAW). The search will be wide‐ranging, and we anticipate identifying highly qualified candidates both among our own faculty and from institutions across the country. A search committee has been formed, with Dr. Arends‐Kuenning serving as chair. The formal search process will begin during the fall of 2013. On a related note, Dean Watkins is stepping down from her position leading the College of LAS to become the Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Utah. Dr. Brian Ross, professor of psychology, has been chosen to lead the college as interim dean.

Lemann Institute Board of Overseers

The Lemann Institute hosted the third meeting of the Board of Overseers on January 21, 2013. Mary Arends‐Kuenning, Carlos Azzoni, Werner Baer, Ambassador Paulo Camargo, Jerry Dávila, Dara Goldman, Joseph Love, Diane Musumeci (LAS Dean’s office) John Welch and Brigitte Cairus attended the meeting in person and Edmund Amann, João Castro‐Neves, Jorge Paulo Lemann attended the meeting via videoconference. Topics of discussion included the Institute’s leadership role in the Brazil Scientific Mobility Program at Illinois, planning for future activities, and ways to increase the Institute’s visibility among Brazilian institutions.                

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Future Directions Faculty and Leadership Visiting Scholars Collaborative Research Grants Lemann Faculty Research Fellowships Graduate and Undergraduate Education Brazil Scientific Mobility Program Outreach


A variety of activities have been planned for the 2013‐2014 academic year. Recipients of Lemann Institute scholarships and fellowships were selected during the past year and will undertake their prorams of research and study next year.

Faculty and Leadership During the 2013‐14 academic year, there will be a search for a new Director of the Institute. The search committee has been formed, and Professor Patrick Keenan of the College of Law will chair it. Two new Brazilianist faculty will join the University of Illinois. Marc Hertzman will join the Department of History. He was the Director of the Center for Brazilian Studies at Columbia University and is a well‐regarded scholar of race and music in Brazil. The School of Music hired an ethnomusicologist with specialization in Brazilian music, Michael Silvers.

Visiting Scholars Antonio Sergio Guimarães A Distinguished Visiting Scholar has been chosen for Spring 2014. He is Professor Antonio Sergio Guimarães of the University of São Paulo, who is the preeminent sociologist of race relations in Brazil. He will teach a course on the historical sociology of Brazil.

Collaborative Research Grants Two faculty projects were chosen to receive Collaborative Research Grants during the 2013‐2014 academic year:  Principal Investigators: Hao Feng, Associate Professor, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign and Samantha C. Pinho, Professor, Department of Food Engineering, University of São Paulo Collaborative Research Project title: Production of nanoemulsions with proteins extracted from the light speckled kidney bean: an opportunity to enhance the value of a Brazilian commodity  Principal Investigators: Roderick Mackie, Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign and Humberto Maciel França Madeira, Professor, School for Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Collaborative Research Project: Convergent evolution in foregut fermenting herbivorous mammals in Brazil  

It is noteworthy that both of these collaborative projects grew out of the BSMP program. Professor Feng hosted a BSMP graduate student in his lab, who encouraged Prof. Feng to

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hosted Prof. Madeira, who received a BSMP post‐doctoral award, in his lab. They are collaborating on grant proposals to be submitted to CAPES.

Lemann Faculty Research Fellowships

Three faculty members have been chosen to receive Research Grants during the 2013‐14 academic year:  Ruth Aguilera, Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration Project Title: The Trojan horse of Latin America: Multinational expansion into Brazil as a regional launching pad 1990‐2010.  Gisela Sin, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science Project Title: Veto bargaining and the legislative process in Brazil  Andrew Suarez, Associate Professor, Department of Animal Biology Project Title: Evolution of traits associated with invasion success in Brazilian Linepithema ants  

Graduate and Undergraduate Education Lemann Graduate Fellowships From a pool of ten applications the institute will award more six fellowships for the academic year of 2013‐14.The fellowships are open to students in all academic units that agree to provide tuition waivers. The College of Law decided this year to offer again tuition waivers to its students. Therefore, the Institute was able to accept one application from a law student that ended up receiving the fellowship in 2013‐14. The six new Lemann Fellows for 2013‐14 are: 2013‐2014 Graduate fellows

Rafael P. Ribas PhD Candidate, Department of Economics Research Title: Direct and Indirect Effects of Cash Transfer on Labor Supply and Entrepreneurship: The case of Bolsa Família in Brazil ribas1@illinois.edu9 Rafael was born in Santa Rosa‐RS, Brazil. He received his B.A. in Economics from the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS) in 2004. In 2006, he received his M.A. in Economics from the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). His Master's thesis is on measuring poverty mobility and dynamics of income inequality. From 2006 to 2008, he worked for the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC‐IG) at the United Nations. Currently, he is a PhD candidate in Economics at the Illinois. His dissertation is on the effect of the Bolsa Família program on employment decisions and entrepreneurship in Brazil.

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Marcelo Boccato Kuyumjian DMA Program in Jazz Studies. Division of Jazz Studies, School of Music Research Title: Na Cozinha de Elis: Cesar Camargo Mariano’s arrangements of samba for piano trio kuyumji2@illinois.edu10 Marcelo Boccato Kuyumjian, originally from Campinas‐SP, earned his bachelor's degree in Popular Music at UNICAMP in 2007 and a Master's of Music degree at the University of Iowa in 2010. During his tenure at U of Iowa, he was a teacher assistant in the Department of Jazz. He is currently pursuing his DMA in Jazz Studies at University of Illinois. As a performer and researcher, Marcelo is interested in different ways in which Jazz and Brazilian music interacts.

Krystal Maria Montesdeoca M.S. Program in Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics Research Title: The Economics of Safrinha Succession Cropping System kmontes2@illinois.edu11 Krystal Montesdeoca earned a B.A. in Spanish and Economics from Illinois State University. Upon graduation she received a Rotary International Ambassadorial Scholarship to study at Pontifícia Universidade Católica in Rio de Janeiro for two years where she studied Business Intelligence and conducted volunteer work. She has centered her interests on the future of agriculture and using this industry to increase the world food supply and improve the world economy. Currently she is working on her master’s degree in agricultural and applied economics at the University of Illinois. She is fluent in English, Spanish, and Portuguese and speaks intermediate Japanese. Krystal hopes to pursue a career in agribusiness and international trade.

John‐Ben Soileau PhD Student, Department of Anthropology Research Title: Tensions of Practice: Açaí and the Commodification of Subsistence Agriculture in Brazil's Lower Amazon soileau2@illinois.edu12 John‐Ben received his BA in cultural anthropology from the University of New Orleans, and his MA in Latin American Studies from Tulane University, also in New Orleans‐‐his hometown. The Lemann fellowship will support his third year of the PhD program in sociocultural anthropology, during which time he will analyze preliminary fieldwork results and prepare for long‐term ethnographic fieldwork. His dissertation project examines the participation of a rural Afro‐Brazilian community in the regional and international açaí market.

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Isabel Freitas Peres J.D. Candidate 2014, University of Illinois College of Law Research Title: Engaging the Brazilian Diaspora in Development – A Proposal for Brazilian Diaspora Bonds peres2@illinois.edu13 Isabel Freitas Peres, originally from Joinville, Brazil, earned her bachelor’s degree in Law at Escola de Direito de São Paulo da Fundação Getulio Vargas in 2010, as well as an LL.M. degree at the University of Illinois College of Law in the same year. After finishing her LL.M. degree, she also earned a master’s in Law and Economics from the European Master in Law and Economics program through studies in Italy and Germany. She is currently pursuing her J.D. degree at the University of Illinois College of Law and her current academic interests center around business law, law and development, and law and economics. In her research, she will focus on the viability of Brazil utilizing diaspora bonds and other innovative types of financial instruments to finance investments in infrastructure projects in Brazil.

Chris Wilhelmi Degree: M.S. Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering Research Title: Preventing Post‐Harvest Soybean Losses in Brazil wilhelm4@illinois.edu14 Chris Wilhelmi received his B.S. in Agricultural and Biological Engineering with a minor in Food Science from the University of Illinois in the fall of 2012. His undergraduate work concentrated on food and biological processing, with a personal interest in grains. He began his master’s work the following spring with a focus on Brazilian soybeans. He is currently working with UFMT‐Sinop on studying and preventing losses in soybean yield due to transportation from interior production areas to coastal ports. He is working on gaining proficiency in Portuguese and plans to visit Brazil in the spring of 2014 to continue his research in the field

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Brazil Scientific Mobility Program The Institute will continue to develop and expand upon the BSMP. We plan to have a welcoming orientation lunch in August 2013. We will work with the BSMP students on ways to promote Illinois as a destination for talented Brazilian students through social media and videos. We will continue to collaborate with the Fundacão Lemann to recruit Ph.D. students. We plan to expand our efforts into looking for internship opportunities with corporations that have strong ties to Illinois. One idea is to sponsor a field trip to visit corporations such as Caterpillar, ADM, and Monsanto with University of Illinois degree‐ seeking students and BSMP students.

Lemann Study Abroad Scholarships Two students received awards to study in Brazil in fall 2013: Rodrigo Acevedo, Global Studies, fall semester at Pontificia Universidada Católica (PUC) do Rio de Janeiro Jessica Ramirez, Advertising, fall semester at PUC, Rio de Janeiro

Outreach

Lemann Dialogue In November, the Institute will host the Lemann Dialogue, with the theme “Agricultural and Environmental Issues in Brazil.” The program will include 6 panels and a keynote address. The Dialogue is an opportunity to highlight Illinois’s contributions to research on agriculture and the environment. Conferences Professors Werner Baer and Carlos Azzoni of USP are organizing a conference about infrastructure in Brazil. The first conference will take place in November 2013 in Brazil. A second conference at Illinois is tentatively planned. The conference papers will become an edited volume. The Institute is planning to have a conference in the Spring 2014 semester jointly with the College of Education and UFMG. The topic will be inequality in education, comparing and contrasting Brazil and the U.S.

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Lemann Institute for Brazilian Studies - Annual Report 2013