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and feel insecure in geo-political terms, their attitudes also reflected a growing aversion to reading books and gathering deeper knowledge. These youth are products of neo-liberalism that generates a market-driven attitude, a greater militarism, and ignorance of societal or cultural traditions. Reading books, which is one means of acquiring knowledge and information, has reduced dramatically and is replaced with modern gadgetry such as computers, mobile phones, etc. While embracing new technology is necessary, it has generally changed the thinking pattern of youth all over the world. The negative impact of reduced reading habits becomes even more serious in societies facing conflict. This lack of knowledge feeds into building barriers between individuals. The sample exhibited greater sense of nationalism and affinity with their religious identity. Such attitudes were linked with their perception of their country and religion being under attack from outside. The majority identified the threat to the country and the Muslim world as coming from outside, particularly the West. Nationalism meant that they were unwilling to be introspective and look at domestic reasons behind the problems being faced by the state and society. As for the attitude towards religion, a general affinity for religious identity did not necessarily indicate greater knowledge or understanding of religion. Irrespective of the fact whether an individual actively embraced religious values and rituals, most respondents were keen to own the politics of religion. Their attitude towards religion, religious identity, politics of the state or geo-political issues was quite conservative. In fact, it reflected almost the same bias as one would find amongst less privileged youth. Such bias does not necessarily come from knowledge of religion. In fact, like majority of Pakistanis the elite youth are ignorant about religion. The politics of religious identity does not

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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