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India – Viewing the Enemy Being Pakistan’s traditional enemy, India or anti-Indianism is well entrenched in the country’s national narrative. This was most obvious from the question regarding the threat to Pakistan in which India figured significantly. 69% were of the view that India is the greatest threat to Pakistan’s security. Figure 52: What’s a bigger threat to Pakistan’s security?

Hence, it was not a surprise that the majority considered the two-nation theory, which had caused the seperation of Pakistan from India, as being valid. This is despite the fact that the seperation of East Pakistan in 1971 partly challanged the assumption which created Pakistan. Perhaps, the reason for such political conservatism is owed to the nature of education of history, particularly relating to the state itself. The curriculum of history taught at schools or the media images over-emphasize the twonation theory. For instance, the history of the people of Pakistan is actually about the advent of Muslims in the region in 718 BC. Similarly, the 1971 breakup of Pakistan is explained primarily as a Hindu conspiracy to breakup the country.

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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