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Muslim Ummah. Majority considered Muslim Ummah as a concrete reality which could also mean that they felt connected with the conditions of Muslim in other parts of the world (see more discussion on this in the later section). Figure 15: Is Muslim Ummah a Concrete Reality or an Abstract Idea?

The response to another question regarding if they considered their national identity as dependent or independent of Islamic identity further confirmed a bias towards religion.

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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