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have liberal views on certain issues, they could confine themselves to  conservative or even radical perspective in regard to other matters. The  emphasis in this type is the relatively greater choice an individual can exercise in  forming opinion. The upper class, upper‐middle class and a select segment of the  middle class belong to this category. At the opposite end of the spectrum are the  latent‐radicals whose social choices are pre‐formed with lesser space to exercise  choice. The lower class, lower‐middle and bulk of the middle class are situated at  this end of the divide.   Attitude towards Religion and Religious Identity  Representing the affluent segment of the society the respondents were  deeply connected with their religious identity and took religion seriously which  is not the norm of western‐liberalism. Majority of the respondents believed in God and religion and 56% were opposed to the idea of Pakistan becoming a secular state. Figure 7:  Are you believer or non­believer? 

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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