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¾ Radicalism is not linked with poverty alone and can, in fact, be found  amongst youth from affluent background as well. The basic conclusion  drawn from the study was that a ‘clash of civilizations’ is unfortunately a  popular notion which is not limited to the less educated, illiterate or poor  youth.   ¾ Due to lack of effort to de‐segregate political and ideological issues at a  domestic, regional and international level, even the youth from upper‐ middle class backgrounds tend to view the world from a black and white  lens in which reference to the theory of clash of civilizations becomes  prominent.   ¾ Better educational facilities and access to ‘other’ worlds does not  necessarily bridge the civilizational gap. The political ideology of the  youth from affluent social background, hence, is not markedly different  from the poor youth. While the possibility of these young and women  studying in top class universities physically joining jihad and waging war  may be less, their underlying thinking is not very different.   ¾ The views of the sample regarding domestic politics did not necessarily  indicate any difference vis‐à‐vis attitudes expressed by respondents from  lower‐middle class. The study had specifically selected two particular  samples from IBA, Karachi and Iqra University, Islamabad to assess  whether improving educational environment had any bearing on the  ideological and political mindset of students. These two samples pertain  to lower‐middle class students, who were brought to these universities to 

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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