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no emphasis, for instance, on the importance of changing the national narrative and making it more tolerant. Since the peculiar narrative is same in both the public and private sectors, it might not make a lot of difference even if foreign governments partnered with the private sector instead. In a nutshell the earlier studies link extremism in youth being caused by the following factors: 9 Lack of education both in quantitative and qualitative terms  9 Socioeconomic factors such as poverty and unemployment  9 Problematic governance and rampant corruption  Since assessing the attitude of the youth is a fairly new subject, the existing  studies tend to use a simplistic framework. The analysis is reductionist as it tries  to establish a linear relationship between poverty and radicalism or lack of  education or poor standards of education and extremism. Nor is there any  analysis of what aspect of the education system breed extremism. Furthermore,  researchers tend to draw a linear linkage between social conservatism and  extremism. So, if respondents make socially conservative choices such as  preferring hijab, believing in God or observing religious rituals then they are  deemed as politically conservative with a likelihood of becoming extremists. The  present study aims to analyze the question of whether extremism or radicalism  can be defined so narrowly. More important, there is no definition of radicalism  given in any of the studies. What are the perimeters used to label an attitude as  extremist or its opposite.    

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Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

Red Hot Chilli Peppers Islam – Is the Youth in Elite Universities in Pakistan Radical?  

This is a study, by Ayesha Siddiqa, of the socio-political attitudes amongst youth in elite universities in the three major cities in Pakist...

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