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Civitas May 2011 • Vol. 3, no. 4


Legislation Requires Photo ID to Vote



he road has been rocky, but the Republican majority has voted Voter Photo ID legisla-

they attempted to re-write House Bill 351 to appease House Democrats and avoid a possible gubernatorial veto. Their first bill substitute eliminated the requirement for

a photo ID to access a ballot and would have allowed a voter to use their voter registration card, utility bill or bank statement among other documents to cast a ballot. Almost immediately after

Would you favor or oppose a law that requires voters to show government-issued photo identification, such as a driver’s license or passport, before being allowed cast a vote in an election? Strongly Favor Somewhat Favor Somewhat Oppose Strongly Oppose

72% 12% 4% 12%

Civitas Poll December 2010

tion (House Bill 351, “Restore Confidence in Government”) out of House Committee on Elections. The bill is now headed to House Committee on Appropriations before moving to the full House for a vote in the coming weeks.Republicans on the Elections Committee veered off course when

Voter ID Continued on Pg. 9

Legislators debate the merits of the voter ID bill. Proponents say it will bring needed integrity to elections. Opponents worry about voter disenfranchisement. Photo: Jana Benscoter

Citizen of the Month: Lisa Marley

Outer Banks Blogger and Volunteer

NON-PROFIT ORG. US POSTAGE PAID Permit #144 Reidsville, NC

Outer Banks blogger Lisa Marley is being interviewed by Mary Helen GoodloeMurphy of the Coastland Times during an Outer Banks Tea Party rally. Marley is a town crier, Tea Party leader and precinct chair. Photo: Frank Warnecki

In This Issue 1

Legislation Requires Photo ID to Vote NCAE Executive Compensation Citizen of the Month


Veto-proof House Budget From The Editor


Local Leaders Make Call on Gun Laws Accuracy Lacking in New Jobs Numbers


Smart Start Could Face Budget Knife Lawmakers Try to Fix State Health Plan


Tobacco Settlement Funds Shuffling Drilling Would Create Jobs Unborn Victims Recognized


NCAE Rally Annexation Reform Nears Deal


Unemployment Maps


Washington County Sheriff Run-off Election


100 South Harrington Street Raleigh, N.C. 27603-1814

Global TransPark a Money Pit


it. Acknowledging that she felt conservative “voices had been silenced for far too long and that it was time to do something,” she decided to speak up. “There are only two buses that go to Washington DC, the Democrat bus and the Republican bus,” Marley said. “If you’re not on one of those buses, you’re not going to be able to affect public policy.” Attending Civitas Institute watchdog training in November 2009 taught by Trent Seibert of Houstonbased Texas Watchdog, Marley said she was inspired to set up a blog immediately while participating in the class. Her blog, www.truthordarenc. com, an investigative journalism blog focused on Dare County politics, has helped to unfold corrupt actions made by state leaders. Just as importantly, it

Contact Your Legislator



NCAE Executive Compensation Soars During Recession BY BOB LUEBKE

Salary and compensation for the top four North Carolina Association of Educators (NCAE) executives increased on average 24 percent between 2006 and 2009. Over the same time period, the average teacher salary and compensation in North Carolina increased 12 percent. Top paid NCAE executives’ salary including compensation are listed below. For more on NCAE compensation and political contributions, go to:


One thing Lisa Marley definitely does not have is time. In addition to her role as town crier, Tea Party leader and precinct chair, in her own words, she said she is also a wife, a care-taker of “not a few cats” and a full-time employee in a job that is “just plain fun.” “Everything else is a challenge that can be overcome,” Marley said. Lured into the role of activist when President Barack Obama introduced in 2009 a federal law mandating that every American be covered by health insurance, which has become known as Obamacare, Marley and a group of other activists went to work on organizing a local Dare County Tea Party rally. The rally attracted 300 people to

the compromise bill was announced, liberal special interest groups made it clear that they would oppose any bill that would require an ID to cast a ballot – photo or no photo. Republicans quickly went back to the drawing board and produced another substitute that was virtually the same as HB 351, with a few adjustments. House bill 351, is not a perfect Voter Photo ID bill - but it is a beginning. It is the beginning of much needed election reform in a state that only requires a voter to state their name and address in order to receive a ballot. North Carolina, opting for the honor system instead of ballot security in the polling place, has some of the most relaxed election laws in the na-


2009 Salary + Comp = Total $135,000 + $94,120 = $229,120

Scott Anderson Exec. Director

$134,547 + $55,813 = $190,360 Kelvin Spragley Assoc. Exec. Director

$127,860 + $56,108 = $183,788 Jacqueline Vaughan Comm. Director



Continued on Pg. 3

Continued on Pg. 6


May 2011


House Budget Trims, Cuts, Consolidates Passes with a Veto-Proof Majority BY ANDREW HENSON

Over the course of rectifying the $2.4 billion budget shortfall, the North Carolina House was forced to explore a wide variety of means to cut back, consolidate, and eliminate many bureaucratic functions – culminating in the recently passed fiscal year 2011-13 biennium budget. This budget, which for fiscal year 2011-12 totals $19.3 billion – plummeting state spending $1.5 billion lower than the previous fiscal year – exceeds even Governor Perdue’s recommended cuts by $600 million. The Republican-written House budget carried a number of Democratic votes, passing the budget on a 72-47 vote and giving the House a veto-proof majority. The surprising Democratic support in the House expedited the budget writing process – and may quicken the pace of the N.C. Senate, which is controlled by a vetoproof majority of Republicans. The Senate majority may try to tailor their goals towards the House’s plan in order to preserve the veto-proof support of the budget plan. Representing more than half of state government expenditures, the House’s education budget saw a number of prioritized cuts and maneuvers to reach the state’s budget balancing needs. In its most controversial move, the House budget nearly halves funding for Teacher Assistants, cutting funds for 2nd and 3rd grade assistants. The House, however, took a firm stand on fully funding teachers, appropriating an extra $55.8 million to fully support the expected enrollment growth for the coming year. This move means that if additional teachers are needed to accommodate a growing student population, the money will be available. Early education programs were also the subject of substantial changes, as the House budget consolidates More at Four – North Carolina’s pre-kindergarten program tailored to at-risk four year-olds previously administered by the Department of Public Instruction (DPI) – under the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The overall enrollment for More at Four – soon to be named the pre-kindergarten program – will drop from 31,000 to 29,000 and participants will submit to a 10 percent co-pay to enroll. The consolidation cuts an overall amount of $16 million, or 20 percent from the total budget. Civitas



Jana Benscoter Editorial & Advertising 100 S. Harrington Street Raleigh, NC 27603 919-834-2099 (phone) 919-834-2350 (fax) All non-advertising content published in Civitas Capitol Connection may be republished as long as appropriate credit is given and it is published in its entirety. Copyright 2011


Cuts in Education: An Overplayed Politically Divisive Tool BY JANA BENSCOTER

F R O M T H E E D I T O R “Cuts in education” is a phrase that often draws a gasp without knowing the full story. The story often told is one that imposes fear and a free-for-all way of thinking that there won’t be enough money to adequately educate children in each school system across the state. The phrase, which implies there will be cuts that directly affect the classroom, is a politically divisive tool that is overplayed during budget negotiations. Let’s remove the emotion that swells from the phrase and ask: how has spending more money worked in favor of educating North Carolina kindergarten through grade twelve students? The answer is not very well. Looking at test scores alone, a Civitas Institute review of spending in education matched up with annual state exams shows that money has not solved an academic algorithm. In a report published less than a year ago and using North Carolina Department of Public Instruction Data, Education Policy Analyst Bob Luebke reported that spending has not been the silver bullet. “Since 2000, state support per pupil has increased 35 percent. However, over the same period the percentage of schools making expected growth under the state’s ABC Testing Program has only averaged 36 percent per year. In no year has the percentage of schools making expected growth exceeded 48 percent of all Adjustments to Medicaid provider rates together exceeded $100 million budget savings. The House budget stipulates a moratorium on inflationary increases on reimbursement rates paid to healthcare providers from Medicaid, which totaled $62.8 million. Additionally, the House budget reduces the overall reimbursement rate for Medicaid by 2 percent, with exceptions made for physician and hospital in-patient services. Further provisions include directing DHHS to revise its pharmacy dispensing fees to encourage a greater number of generic medicine prescriptions – a cost-saving maneuver that would yield $15 million. House leadership seems poised to make good on a promise of no new taxes and to let a temporary sales tax expire – in contrast to Perdue’s insistence on a sales tax increase. Perdue’s increase of ¾ of a cent would cost taxpayers an estimated $826 million. The House’s promise of no new taxes, however, has put the chamber in a strenuous position of making deeper cuts in state services. While Governor Perdue’s recommended budget sheds around 10,000 state jobs, N.C. House’s budget eliminates around 18,500 positions. Many of those positions, however, are currently vacant or will be lost due to employees retiring or otherwise leaving their jobs. Despite many tough decisions made, House Republicans emerged optimistic about their performance throughout. “This was not an easy budget. We knew it would be difficult,” Rep. Barnhardt (R – Cabarrus) told the Raleigh News & Observer, “I think what we’ve got is a good product overall.” w

schools.” Just because public education has become accustomed to receiving everincreasing levels of taxpayer funding, does that mean public schools in North Carolina must continue to function in a way that we can all see is not working? If we want to improve education, and be fiscally responsible, lawmakers and educators should think creatively. One such example of creative thinking is the use of voucher schools and their option of instructional methods. A recent Wall Street Journal article reported that while the White House came out against vouchers, there was much evidence to support their effectiveness. “A recent study of Milwaukee’s older and larger voucher program found that 94 percent of students who stayed in the program throughout high school graduated, versus just 75 percent of students in Milwaukee’s traditional public schools” according to the Wall Street Journal. Greg Forster of the Foundation for Educational Choice, in a paper released in March, wrote that “every empirical study ever conducted in Milwaukee, Florida, Ohio, Texas, Maine and Vermont finds that voucher programs in those places improved public schools.” The article also reports, “Such results might influence the thinking of an objective observer primarily interested in doing right by the nation’s poor children. But they are unlikely to sway a politician focused on getting re-elected with the help of teachers unions.” Outside of vouchers, 22 states are currently operating on a four-day week. Data collected by the National Conference of State Legislatures and the Education Commission of the States reveals, “With strapped state budgets and allur-

ing promises of significant reductions in overhead and transportation costs, the four-day school week has been an increasingly attractive option for legislators seeking to cut education costs. For small, remote school districts, instituting a four-day school week may provide a savings by reducing transportation, heating, and staff costs. Supporters of the shortened week also boast of improved morale and increased attendance (by both students and teachers), open Fridays for sporting events and doctor appointments, and more time to spend with loved ones. Opponents of the fourday school week cite problems with long, exhausting class days and finding day care for children whose parents work outside the home. Additionally, educational experts worry longer weekends could lead to a regression in learned concepts while also making it more difficult to offer elective classes. However, the jury is still out on many of these issues, as there is a lack of comprehensive studies.” Two main points addressed in a Center for American Progress report highlight, “Many school districts could boost student achievement without increasing spending if they used their money more productively.” And, “Low productivity costs the nation’s school system as much as $175 billion a year.” During such tough economic times we don’t need more irresponsible spending. Rather, we need to find strategic reductions that allow us to educate our children more economically or more efficiently. Creative measures are an important component for ensuring the academic success of all children. After all, shouldn’t that be the goal of public education? w

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May 2011


Local Leaders to Make Call on Proposed New Gun Laws BY KATIE TROUT

Raleigh City Council in March voted unanimously to approve a resolution that opposes House Bill 111, “Handgun Permit Valid in Parks & Restaurants.” They are the first local municipality to stand on a provision that law enforcement hopes remains in the bill. Filed by four Republican lawmakers, the bill would allow concealed carry handgun (CCH) permit owners into both restaurants where alcohol is served and state parks. Sponsored by Reps. Jeff Barnhart (R-Cabarrus), Kelly Hastings (R-

Gaston), Mark Hilton (R-Catawba), and Fred Steen (R-Rowan), this bill would overturn current state law, which bans any concealed carry handgun owner from consuming alcohol. Forty-two other states allow CCH permit owners in restaurants that serve alcohol. “Already, 40 other states allow concealed carry permit holders to carry in restaurants that serve alcohol with no problems. There is no reason to believe those that carry in North Carolina restaurants will be less responsible than the 40 other states that allow them,” Hilton said.

Believers in the 2nd Amendment gathered in Greensboro National Park for the Armed Open Carry “Restore the Constitution Rally.” The event was held in August 2010. Photo: Randy Dye

“There is nothing in state statute that prevents those [concealed carry holders] from carrying in state parks; this just says that it is permitted by law. In local parks, why should the criminals be the only ones that are carrying guns? Why should we not allow law abiding citizens to protect themselves from rape, robbery and murders?” According to, among several items, “individuals covered by HB 111 have been verified by their sheriff as law-abiding citizens who have proven they are trained in the law and proficient with their weapons; (handgun permit owners) have passed criminal background checks and had their fingerprints cleared by the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation); the sheriff has verified they are not alcoholics or substance abusers, and in the case of veterans, were honorably discharged; and this class of people – who number approximately 2% of North Carolinians – have proven, over the past 16 years, to be responsible, prudent, safe, and overwhelming law-abiding.” Reported by, “Raleigh City leaders said they wanted to be on the record with their opposition to the bill, which would take effect in December if it becomes law.” The bill passed in the House with a 74 to 42 vote, primarily along party lines with nine Democrats vot-

ing with Republicans. The President of the North Carolina Association of Chiefs of Police Patricia Norris told The Daily Southerner, “I think that was the biggest issue, that municipalities have a sayso in how they could run business in their cities.” As long as that provision stays in the legislation, police chiefs will salute and enforce the law, she said. Rep. Hilton is also a sponsor for House Bill 650, “Amend Various Gun Laws.” The changes include: - Lowers penalty for knowingly possessing or carrying a weapon on educational property from a Class 1 felony to Class 1 misdemeanor - Allows CCH owners to keep unloaded guns locked in their vehicles on educational property - Permits CCH owners to carry at parades and demonstrations - Removes the financial institution carry restriction - Establishes that all valid handgun permits from other states are valid in North Carolina With this broad set of rule changes, the Legislature hopes to create a uniform system of rules for carrying a concealed handgun in North Carolina. And while public sentiment appears mixed on what sweeping new gun legislation should entail, these bills have certainly brought new attention to Second Amendment rights in our state. w

Accuracy Lacking in “New” Jobs Numbers BY MATT WILLOUGHBY

There was a lot of talk about lost jobs at dueling press conferences by Gov. Beverly Perdue and Republican Senate President Pro Tem Phil Berger recently. Berger said over 100,000 jobs had been lost since Perdue took office. Perdue didn’t dispute that but said she has worked to create more jobs and claimed many successes. The actual numbers portray a scenario even worse than what Berger mentioned. Statistics from the Employment Security Commission show in February of this year compared to January of 2009 there were 222,016 fewer people employed in North Carolina. January 2009 - 4,101,316 February 2011 - 3,879,300 Those totals reflect the number of those employed in non-farm jobs. The drop in the employment number came at the same time the U.S. Census Bureau indicated a continued positive growth in the population of North Carolina. The employment dip came also after the former Gov. Mike Easley administration, and Perdue’s administration, approved millions of dollars of incentives to convince businesses to come to North Carolina or expand. The One North Carolina Fund, which is controlled by the governor, has disbursed nearly $46 million to companies since

Easley started using the fund. The latest quarterly report claims the incentives from the governor’s fund created 38,580 jobs since 1993. But that number is difficult to nail down because some have been lost since then and some are yet to be created. Furthermore, the tax incentive program called the Job Development Investment Grant (JDIG) just this past year obligated $16.3

Do you approve or disapprove of the job Bev Perdue is doing as Governor? Approve 40% Disapprove 52% Not sure 8% Civitas Poll March 2011

million in tax breaks to five companies. The most recent quarterly report indicates 584 jobs would be created by those companies. That is a promise stretched over the course of several years. For example, SPX Corporation vowed to create 180 jobs but it’s over a period of now and 2015. Much like the One North Carolina Fund, many companies receiving JDIG support fail to deliver on their promises. The 2009 JDIG annual report notes 13 companies withdrew from the program or the deals were terminated. Lawmakers are apparently having trouble compiling accurate numbers of

new jobs involved in these “economic development” schemes. The Republican House budget, however, contains a provision requiring the Department of Commerce to compile a database tracking incentives and real jobs creat-

ed and make it available to the public. Political meddling in the economy is a bad idea to begin with. But at minimum the government owes the public more transparency regarding the promises being made with our tax dollars. w


she is also a precinct chair with the Dare County Republican Party. “We are finding that as the local GOP is asserting itself and showcasing its victories, future conservative leaders are starting to come out of the closet,” Marley said. “They know it’s ok to talk about their values, that they are not alone and that, if they run for office, they will have a strong machine to help get them elected.” Where does she get this energy? Marley said she derives her inspiration from the Revolutionary War military and its humbled beginnings. When she thinks of struggle, she thinks of the extreme challenges, hardships and sacrifices the soldiers endured to forge ahead in establishing the United States of America. “Our founders gave up so much to give us this country; the most prosperous, freest country ever to exist on the face of the Earth,” Marley said. “The founders pledged and gave their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor.” Read both www.truthordarenc. com and to keep up with May Civitas Citizen of the Month Lisa Marley. w


has become a community forum for providing information not found in mainstream media. “We’ve seen two of Marc Basnight and Gov. Beverly Perdue’s deep-pocket donors brought up on criminal charges related to illegal campaign donations,” Marley said. “One donor, Fred Hobbs, was fined by the State Board of Elections $150,000, the largest fine ever levied by that body.” Basnight is the former state Senate President Pro Tempore, who represented a Dare County-based district, and held the leadership position for 18 years before Republicans swept the state in the November 2010 elections. While he retained his seat, Basnight resigned the day before the 2011 long session began. Marley’s success with her blog made matters easier for her when she founded the Outer Banks Tea Party. She is heavily involved with organizing the OBX Tea Party and also writes for And if that wasn’t enough involvement,


May 2011



Smart Start Funding Could Face the Budget Knife BY ANDREW HENSON

Several weeks ago, the N.C. House rolled out their preliminary options for balancing the biennium budget. Included in their options were sweeping structural and monetary changes for a significant number of state programs, including some common-sense reforms for Smart Start, North Carolina’s non-profit childcare vehicle. The original proposal for Smart Start included a series of important changes to its administrative structure – a system renowned for encumbering overhead – by reducing overhead expenditures and allowing the program to be more locally funded. Since its debut, however, the Smart Start reform package has incrementally lost most of the arrows in its quiver, leaving the final product a shell of its former self. Noteworthy reforms not

making it into the House’s final budget plan include a change that would more strictly limit Smart Start administrative expenses, and a mandate for Smart Start to double its reliance on private support. The House’s original proposal made positive in-roads toward curbing excessive administrative costs from the Smart Start organization – including removing childcare subsidy funds from counting under Smart Start’s 8 percent administrative formula. That provision would have prevented millions of dollars of critical funding from being tied up in administrative costs, allowing more funding to be delivered to needy children. This provision was cut from the final version of the House’s budget bill. Smart Start routinely receives money from the state government and returns that money to the state government’s Departments of Social Services (DSS)

to administer childcare subsidies, enabling Smart Start to take more than 8 percent of that funding as overhead. The local DSS administers identical childcare subsidies at a considerably lower administrative rate (5.33 percent compared to Smart Start’s 8 percent). Curiously, while Smart Start’s 8 percent administrative formula was maintained, the county Departments of Social Services had their administrative budget reduced from 5 to 4 percent, saving over $3 million. Another provision in the original House budget proposal included increasing Smart Start’s private matching component by 10 percent. Currently, Smart Start gets 90 percent of their funding from the government and 10 percent from private donations. The original proposal would have increased the private donations match to 20 percent of the

Smart Start budget, allowing Smart Start to become less reliant on the government and get local organizations more involved in its funding. The final budget proposal, however, reduced the private matching increase down to just 13 percent. A seemingly positive reform that was included in the House’s final budget is a salary cap of state funding of $80,000 for North Carolina Partnership for Children administrators and $60,000 for Local Partnership administrators. However, Smart Start administrators will still be able to supplement their funding with private contributions, making it relatively easy for these salary caps to be circumvented. Overall Smart Start would receive a 20 percent reduction in funding under the final House budget plan, a reduction amounting to about $36 million for fiscal year 11-12. w

State Lawmakers Take Another Swing at State Health Plan Fix BY BRIAN BALFOUR

In mid-April Gov. Perdue vetoed a sensible bill aimed at helping to shore up North Carolina’s financially-strapped State Health Plan. The State Health Plan is the health insurance plan that covers state employees and retirees. Currently, active and retired state employees are enrolled into the State Health Plan at no cost to them. Their premiums are completely covered by taxpayers. Senate Bill 265, “State Health Plan/Appropriations and Transfers,” would have required state employees and retirees to contribute a small amount to help finance their enrollment in the State Health Plan, which is currently deeply under water financially. According to the bill’s fiscal note, asking state workers and retirees to contribute about $11 or $22 per month (depending on their level of coverage) along with mild increases in co-pays would save taxpayers more than $400 million over the next two budget years. Gov. Perdue, however, decided instead to continue to burden taxpayers for this generous benefit for state workers and retirees. Perdue defended her veto in a press release by comparing the minor contribution to health insurance premiums to a “tax on teachers.” According to Perdue: “This bill is in effect a tax on teachers, who have not received a pay raise – and have effectively seen their pay drop – for the past three years. In 2008, North Carolina ranked 25th in the nation in teachers’ salaries. By 2011, we have dropped to 45th. Now is simply not the time to cut teachers’ pay yet again. To do so would be a tremendous step backward for North Carolina, and we know clearly that teachers will flee the profession at a time when education is most critical to the future of this state.” The State Health Plan has been in dire straights the last few years, and it is projected it will need to be bailed out by taxpayers again to the tune of an additional $515 million over the next two years to cover benefits. SB 265 would

have saved taxpayers from shouldering the load again, but Perdue vetoed the bill to side with a special interest group she wants to make sure continues to support her re-election campaign. Furthermore, the commitment to fully subsidize the premiums of retirees on the State Health Plan has resulted in a massive, and growing, $33 billion unfunded liability that will need to be addressed in future years. This unfunded liability represents the present value of benefits that

Currently, the state pays for all of the state employees’ and teacher’s health insurance costs. This year, the state legislature passed a bill requiring state employees and teachers to pay between $11 and $22 each month for their health insurance. Do you think state employees and teachers should continue receiving free health insurance? Or pay between $11 and $22 a month? Continue receiving free 35% Pay between $11 and $12 62% Not sure 3% Civitas Poll March 2011

will need to be paid out over the next 30 years to state retirees. The $33 billion amount was calculated as of the end of 2009, and is up almost $10 billion from the $24 billion calculated in the first report on the liability as of the end of 2005. That’s a stunning 38 percent increase in this massive liability in just four years, and it is sure to continue growing unless the Legislature and Governor address it. In response to Perdue’s veto, the state Senate crafted Senate Bill 323, “State Health Plan/Appropriations and Transfers II,” which included similar provisions with only a few minor changes to HB 265. The most notable change is a slight reduction in the premium co-pay for Medicare eligible state retirees. As this paper went to press, a conference committee compromise version of the bill was just approved by the House. The House approval means the

bill moves to Gov. Perdue’s desk for approval or veto. It is quite clear that the State Health Plan is on an unsustainable path and requires sensible reforms including cost sharing by state employees and retirees to avoid countless taxpayer bailouts in the future. Gov. Perdue’s rejection of HB 265, however, signals her willingness to merely kick the can further down the road. Legislative leaders were right to take another swing at reforming the State Health Plan in the form of SB 323.

Recent polling by the Civitas Institute reveals that 62 percent of North Carolinians would like to see state employees and retirees contribute a share towards their health insurance premiums, with only 35 percent opposed to the idea. Time will tell if Perdue will approve sensible State Health Plan reform in line with the will of a majority of North Carolinians, or if she will opt for scoring more political points with an influential special interest group at the expense of taxpayers. w

IN FAVOR OF STATE EMPLOYEES PAYING PREMIUMS SB 323 House Republicans (66) Avila Brown, L Cook Faircloth Hastings Hurley Justice McElraft Murry Sanderson Stevens

Barnhart Brown, R Current Folwell Hilton Iler Langdon McGee Pridgen Setzer Stone

Blust Brubaker Daughtry Frye Hollo Ingle LaRoque McGrady Randleman Shepard Tillis

Boles Burr Dixon Gillespie Holloway Johnson Lewis Mills Rhyne Stam Torbett

Bradley Cleveland Dockham Guice Horn Jones McComas Moffitt Sager Starnes Warren, H

Brawley Collins Dollar Hager Howard Jordan McCormick Moore, T Samuelson Steen West

House Democrats (0)


House Democrats (52) Adams Brisson Faison Goodman Harrison Lucas Mobley Rapp Weiss


Alexander, K Bryant FarmerButterfield Graham Hill Luebke Moore, R Ross Wilkins

Alexander, M Bell Carney Cotham

Bordsen Crawford

Brandon Earle





Hackney Insko Martin Owens Spear Womble

Haire Jackson McGuirt Parfitt Tolson Wray

Hall Jeffus McLawhorn Parmon Wainwright

Hamilton Keever Michaux Pierce Warren, E


ABSENT (1) Killian (R)

Sponsors Roll Call Apodaca (R) House #450 This compromise bill was approved by the House as this edition of Capitol Connection went to press. It is up to Gov. Perdue to sign it or veto it.


May 2011



Tobacco Settlement Funds Shuffling BY MATT WILLOUGHBY

The spending plan written by House Republicans would significantly change who would make the decisions about how the proceeds from the national tobacco settlement are used. The Health and Wellness Trust Fund and the Tobacco Trust Fund were set up to use funds from the settlement to help communities that were dependent on the tobacco industry and address health problems associated with tobacco. There have been plenty of complaints the commissions overseeing those funds were not doing enough. The House budget would abolish those trust funds and commissions and turn the oversight over to the state Board of Agriculture under the

leadership of Agriculture Commissioner Steve Troxler. Part of the proceeds would be earmarked to pay off state debt. Some would go to the University Cancer Research Fund. The House budget would also direct the new board to make sure those “engaged in tobacco-related businesses” and communities are compensated for losses from the demise of the tobacco industry – continuing the focus of the currently existing Funds. The Golden LEAF Foundation – which receives and spends the other half of the settlement payments – would still exist but millions of dollars would be diverted to the General Fund to make up for a budget shortfall. The budget also would shift the

Division of Forest Resources from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources to the Agriculture Department. The regulation of milk products would also go to the Agriculture Department. A number of environmental regulation jobs would be eliminated. The Board of Agriculture would take over many of the duties of the Environmental Management Commission. There were complaints the commission was overreaching and stifling growth in areas such as agriculture. A new Department of Public Safety would be established with the consolidation of the Departments of Correction, Crime and Public Safety and Juvenile Justice. That move would eliminate nearly 1,200 positions but

over 600 new positions would be created for expanding prisons. Fifteen new administrative jobs would also be created for the new department. This may not be the end of the reorganization of state government. There will be studies during the period between sessions of the General Assembly to look at changing the public education sector and whether continued funding is justified for state programs or even some agencies. The reviews will be done by the same lawmakers who write the budget so this expanded process of scrutiny could be pre-cursor to the zero-based budgeting promised by Republicans. Look for many more changes coming in the next legislative session. w

Offshore Natural Gas Drilling Unborn Victims Recognized Would Create 6,700 New Jobs in General Assembly BY MATT WILLOUGHBY

The North Carolina Senate passed Senate Bill 709, “Energy Jobs Act,” in early May, with a bi-partisan majority vote. The act directs Gov. Bev Perdue to enter into an energy compact with neighboring states Virginia and South Carolina. The compact would develop strategies for exploring offshore and inland renewable energy sources.

Do you support or oppose drilling for oil and natural gas off the coast of North Carolina? Strongly Support Somewhat Support Somewhat Oppose Strongly Oppose

24% 27% 11% 27%

Civitas Poll August 2010

Announced in April, the bill’s sponsors acknowledged that exploration of renewable energy sources would take up to 10 years before any production occurs. The exploration is estimated to make a $500 million impact on the state’s economy and create thousands of jobs.

Bill sponsor, Sen. Bob Rucho (R-Mecklenburg), said on the day the bill was filed, which happened to be the one year anniversary of the BP Gulf oil spill, “what we did learn from this disaster is we learned from our mistakes. The industry found ways to make sure that oil exploration and production can be done in a very safe manner.” A couple of Democrats, because of the oil spill in the Gulf, opposed the idea once it made its way to the Senate for a floor vote. Rucho countered, “you don’t shut down airlines because of one accident.” Based on research conducted by the Legislative Research Commission’s Advisory Committee and a report conducted by the Southeast Energy Alliance, North Carolina has ample natural gas offshore that would create long-term jobs and bring significant revenue to the state. The act explains other sources of energy that have been studied, Drilling Continued on Pg. 8


Any criminal defendant who injures or kills a fetus at any stage of development will now face separate criminal charges for both the mother and fetus in North Carolina. The Unborn Victims of Violence Act (UVVA), or Ethen’s Law (HB 215) passed both chambers and was signed into law on April 29, 2011 by Governor Perdue. While the bill does not apply to legal abortions, it conveys legal status to any fetus unable to survive outside their mother’s womb. Ethen’s Law was named after the unborn son of Jennifer Nielsen, who was murdered along with her unborn baby in 2007. “This bill was about the invisible: the women of NC who have been murdered — some high profile, some not — in many cases because they were pregnant,” Rep. Dale Folwell (R-Forsyth) stated. “We know that Ethen’s law will punish, and if it prevents one death, it will be worth it.”

Under the state legislation, the killing of an unborn child at any stage of development will be defined as murder, a Class A felony, punishable by life in prison without parole. The UVVA also includes provisions for acts in which the unborn child is harmed during the commission of a crime against the mother but do not result in death. Furthermore, the bill does not require that the attacker know the woman was pregnant in order to face criminal charges for the fetus’ injuries. The House voted 62-47 to pass the measure in April. For the House vote box, read the April Civitas Capitol Connection. Ethen’s Law will take effect Dec. 1, 2011 when North Carolina will join 35 other states and the federal government in recognizing a fetus as an additional victim of crime. North Carolina will be the 26th state to include complete coverage, providing legal status to the fetus at any time after conception. w

IN FAVOR OF RECOGNIZING UNBORN VICTIM RIGHTS HB 215 Senate Republicans (30) Allran Brown Forrester Hunt Rouzer

Apodaca Brunstetter Goolsby Jackson Rucho

Berger, P Clary Gunn Meredith Soucek

Bingham Daniel Harrington Newton Stevens

Blake Davis Hartsell Pate Tillman

Brock East Hise Rabon Tucker

Dannelly McKissick

Garrou Purcell

Graham Robinson

Senate Democrats (15) Berger, D Jenkins Vaughan

Blue Jones Walters

Clodfelter Mansfield White

AGAINST RECOGNIZING UNBORN VICTIM RIGHTS Senate Republicans (0) Senate Democrats (4) Atwater




Senate Roll Call Senate #185


ABSENT (1) Preston (R)


May 2011



NCAE Rally: The Left is Still in Charge BY BOB LUEBKE

On a bright May afternoon the North Carolina Association of Educators (NCAE) gathered hun-

Which strategy do you think would be more effective at improving public education in North Carolina? Increasing government spending on the current system 31% Allowing parents more choice over which school their child can attend 55% Other 6% Not Sure 8% Civitas Poll March 2011

dreds of teachers for a rally across from the General Assembly building to protest passage of a $19 billion House budget plan. The plan fully funds teacher positions, and calls for $759 million in budget reductions for K-12 public schools.

NCAE members, many wearing red t-shirts with the words “Unite. Organize. Empower,” heard from politicians and union leaders, who encouraged them to fight against job losses and budget cuts. Remarks by government officials and representatives of left-leaning groups trumpeted NCAE’s message of government control, focus on money, staffing , and inputs, and strident opposition to school reform efforts. Speaking about how the history of North Carolina is still being written, Gov. Perdue told NCAE members, “This chapter belongs to us. These chil-

NCAE Comp Continued from Pg. 1


2009 Salary + Comp = Total


$111,696 + $59,666 = $171,362 Rodney Ellis Vice President

2009 Salary + Comp = Total

dren belong to us. … You their educators belong to us.” Trying to calm fears about the budget situation, and its impact on public schools, Perdue told the crowd, “Don’t worry about this mess in Raleigh … Don’t worry about this mess in Raleigh … Pick up your phones, families out there and moms and dads out there and call your legislators and let them know that you want the legislature to stand up for the educators of North Carolina.” William Barber, President of the North Carolina Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), urged the crowd to fight back against anyone who supported current policies that cut budgets or layoff teachers. He made no mistake over who

he considered to be the cause of all the current troubles. “Today, in our General Assembly, a political extreme right wing ultra conservative tea party, Art Pope -financed wants to go backwards,” Barber said. Barber even questioned legislators who dare to question the direction or funding of public schools. “Legislators who come from poor communities that got the nerve to cut public education – it’s wrong and backwards and we must fight it.” The rally provided NCAE a chance to flex its political muscle and attempt to display a broadening base of support. A number of Rally Continued on Pg. 8

The North Carolina Association of Educators represents public school employees and is affiliated with the National Association of Educators, the national teachers union. In 2008 the N.C.A.E and N.E.A spent millions of dollars supporting Bev Perdue for Governor and are now criticizing the North Carolina legislature’s current attempts at education reform such as increasing the number of public charter schools available in the state. With that in mind, please tell me which of the following comes closer to your own opinions: Trust the NCAE to do the right thing and give both educators and our children a strong voice. 31% Not Sure 16% Civitas Poll March 2011

Do not trust the N.C.A.E. because they are making too many demands and seem to be more concerned with increasing their membership and raising their political clout, not with educating our children. 53%

$109,879 + $48,048 = $157,927 Angela Farthing Teach & Learn. Mgr.

$119,122 + $50,409 = $169,530 John Ferguson Memb. Mgr.

$143,607 + $7,227 = $150,834 Sheri Strickland NCAE President

$112,430 + $49,020 = $161,450



Hundreds of North Carolina Association of Educators supporters gathered in the Legislative Mall to rally troops in favor of maintaining and increasing spending for North Carolina Public Schools. Photo: Raleigh News & Observer

Claudia Williams Legal Serv. Mgr.

Annexation Reform is Close to Being a Done Deal BY MATT WILLOUGHBY

House Finance Committee members recently approved an annexation bill that took a long time in the making to please all parties involved. In terms of what is in it and who it will affect, House Bill 845, “Annexation Reform Act of 2011,” a Republican sponsored bill, went through a lot of negotiations between sponsors, Democrats and the League of Municipalities before it gained the traction to go forward to Legislators for a full vote. The latest hurdle to advancing the bill was an argument broached by Democrats that low-income communities – distressed areas – were being neglected water and sewer services. In North Carolina, when an area is annexed, state law requires that cities provide water and

sewer services within two years of the annexation. Annexed residents are the ones who foot the bill for installation of services, and “hook up” fee to new water and sewer lines. The annexation reform act, supported by grassroots activists, now requires annexation if 51 percent of households in a community next to a city are 200 percent of the federal poverty level, then the city could be required to annex that community. Before the annexation, however, there would have to first be a study to determine if the city could afford the addition. That language was introduced by Rep. Angela Bryant (D-Nash). She had submitted House Bill 907, “Community Inclusion and Development Act,” which defined annexation in cases of

distressed areas. A provision that still remains in the bill is the provision that if 60 percent of property owners in a community reject an annexation, then the city would have to hold off for at least 36 months. A city would also have to pay the full cost of providing services to the property owners who request them early in the annexation process. Annexation reform started with requiring a referendum on any annexation and approval by county commissioners. It would have also required cities to pay the cost of providing services. That language was quickly withdrawn, and then brought back. As the debate played out, Rep. Steve LaRoque (R-Lenoir), HB 845 bill sponsor, negotiated with the League of Municipalities – a non-partisan federation

of more than 540 cities, towns and villages in North Carolina – and eventually settled on a compromise. Democrats in the House Finance Committee wanted to add a provision in the bill to force cities to annex low income communities so those areas would receive city services they wanted. The Democrats claimed cities purposely bypassed distressed areas. Instead of just property owners, a couple of Democrats said residents who don’t own their property should also be able to petition for annexation. LaRoque’s compromise bill still faces scrutiny in the Senate where a bill proposing a flat out moratorium on any annexations sits waiting in a committee. No annexation reform votes had been cast by the time this publication went to print. w


May 2011



Unemployment Declining while Unemployment Insurance Debt Continues to Increase BY MARIANNE SUAREZ

The latest Statewide Unemployment Report from the North Carolina Employment Security Commission paints a rosy picture of declining unemployment rates across the state. In March, the unemployment rate decreased in 99 out of the state’s 100 counties. The only county experiencing a percentage gain in unemployment was Greene County. Unemploy-

ment rates also decreased in all 14 of the state’s metropolitan areas for the second month in a row. Orange County had the state’s lowest unemployment rate at 6.1 percent, while Graham County had the highest at 16.4 percent. These numbers definitely highlight a positive trend toward diminishing unemployment figures. However, of the 100 counties in North

Carolina only 35 were at or below the state’s average unemployment rate of 9.7 percent, which is a stark reminder that we still have a long way to go. The good news is the state unemployment rate is slowly decreasing, by 0.4 percent from the previous month and by 1.8 percent in the last year. It is important to note that although the unemployment rates seem to be on a steady track in the right di-

rection, the same cannot be said for North Carolina’s unemployment insurance debt. Unemployment insurance claims totaled 33,203 in March, which is an increase of 1,339 since February. Total statewide Unemployment Insurance Benefits reached $5 billion in North Carolina in March, adding substantial stress to the state’s already strained budget. w

State Unemployment Rates, March 2011 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Alleghany 12.2

Camden Gates Northampton VanceWarren Stokes 8.4 Currituck Caswell Person 6.8 11.3 12.5 Hertford 7.8 9.7 Rockingham 10.4 12.5 10.4 Pasquotank Halifax Granville Wilkes 11.5 9.4 Chowan 8.9 12.0 9.5 Yadkin Forsyth 12.0 10.5 Perquimans Orange Avery Franklin Guilford Bertie 10.2 Mitchell 11.4 10.2 6.1 9.2 Caldwell Durham 9.9 9.9 Alamance 11.7 11.5 Nash Alexander Davie Edgecombe Madison 12.4 7.4 Tyrrell 11.4 9.9 Yancey Washington 10.7 Iredell 9.7 Martin 14.5 9.7 11.6 Davidson 11.4 11.5 10.5 Burke 10.6 Wake Wilson 10.9 Randolph Chatham Dare Catawba Buncombe McDowell 12.0 7.4 Rowan 10.3 Haywood 11.8 15.3 6.5 Pitt 11.7 12.3 7.7 10.9 10.1 Swain Johnston Lincoln Greene 9.5 Beaufort Lee Hyde Graham 16.3 Rutherford 8.9 11.1 Cabarrus 10.2 Jackson 11.8 Harnett Henderson 11.0 Montgomery Wayne 10.5 16.4 13.9 ClevelandGaston 9.8 9.2 7.9 Polk Stanly Moore 11.7 10.6 8.2 Lenoir 11.7 Craven Cherokee 7.8 Macon Transylvania 11.1 Mecklenburg 10.7 8.7 9.7 10.2 12.9 Clay 11.9 9.0 Pamlico 10.0 10.0 Jones Sampson 9.4 Hoke Union AnsonRichmond 9.0 Duplin 9.3 Cumberland 8.3 8.8 12.5 12.3 9.1 8.5 Scotland Carteret 15.9 Onslow 8.8 Bladen Robeson 8.4 Pender 11.4 12.2 10.2 March 2011 Ashe 12.3 Watauga 8.1

Surry 10.7

6.1 - 8.1 8.2 - 9.5

Columbus 12.0

New Hanover 9.0

Brunswick 10.9

9.6 - 11.1 11.2 - 12.9 13.0 - 16.4

14.0% 12.0%   10.0%   8.0%  

9.7% 7.1%  

8.4% 7.7%   8.1%   8.2%  

9.7% 9.1%   9.4%   9.6%  

12.5% 11.9%   9.9%   10.1%  10.4%  

6.0% 4.0%   2.0%  


No rth C rh ar am ol /C i ha na   pe ll  H Ra i le igh ll   /C ar y   As he v Go ille   ld sb or Ja o   ck so n Fa ville y   W eKe in vil st on le   -­‐S al em Gr ee   nv ille W i   lm Ch i n ar Gr gt lo ee on Ke B n u   /G sb rli ng or as o/ to to n H Hi igh n   ck ia/R  P or oc oi y/ k nt  H Le i ll  N   no ir/ C/  M SC or   ga nt Ro on ck y  M   ou nt  



May 2011





yet those sources – such as wind – do not supply a quantifiable result of reliable energy. The research conducted on offshore natural gas drilling includes: 6,700 new jobs created $659 million annually to the State’s Gross Domestic Product over three decades $10 billion in cost sharing of government revenues at an average of $484 million per year to the State The act recommends that North Carolina participate cooperatively with Virginia and South Carolina. Royalties and revenue would be divvied up in North Carolina as: 25 percent credited to General Fund 20 percent credited to Highway Trust Fund 15 percent transferred to Community Colleges System Office to establish and manage a fund for curriculum development and implementation as well as financial assistance for students attending community college to receive vocational

training through this curriculum in fields directly related to energy exploration and development and related energy infrastcture 15 percent transferred to the UNC Board of Governors to establish and manage research and development fund for programs directly related to energy research and development 15 percent transferred to Department of Environment and Natural Resources for coastal conservation, including, but not limited to, beach and inlet management projects, channel navigation and maintenance, public beach and water access, water quality management, as well as fisheries and shellfish restoration 5 percent transferred to State Port Authority for expansion and maintenance of State Port infrastructure associated with energyrelated commerce 5 percent transferred to the Department of Commerce for recruitment of energy-related industries to the State The bill passed 38-12. It now goes to the House for a vote. w


Senate Republicans (31) Allran Brown Forrester Hunt Rabon Tucker

Apodaca Brunstetter Goolsby Jackson Rouzer

Berger, P Clary Gunn Meredith Rucho

Bingham Daniel Harrington Newton Soucek

Blake Davis Hartsell Pate Stevens

Brock East Hise Preston Tillman




Senate Democrats (7) Atwater Walters



AGAINST CREATING ENERGY JOBS Senate Republicans (0) Senate Democrats (12) Berger, D Mansfield

Blue Nesbitt

Sponsors Rucho (R)

Dannelly Purcell

Graham Robinson

Brown (R)

Tucker (R)

Jones Vaughan

Kinnaird White

Roll Call Senate #294

Know someone who’s

Made A Difference?

The Civitas Citizen of the Month is an award given to recognize a person who has had an impact on state or local policy debate, provided information to the public, or otherwise had a noteworthy accomplishment. The Citizen of the Month will be recognized at our monthly poll luncheons and honored with a gift. If you know someone who fits the definition and has given of their time for a constitutional, free-market society based on liberty, please email

Washington County Votes in New Election for Sheriff BY SUSAN MYRICK

As of print, so far 600 people have voted in Washington County in the new election for sheriff called for by the North Carolina State Board of Elections. One-Stop voting began on Thursday, May 5, 2011. The new Election Day is May 24, 2011. In the November General Election, a total of 4,578 people voted in the sheriff ’s race. 2,291 votes were cast for incumbent sheriff, James (Smiley) Ross (Dem), and 2,287 votes went to the challenger, Gregory (Greg) Hassell (Rep). Only four votes separated these two candidates. On February 24, 2011, the State

ballots; • Considerable confusion of seven (7) voters’ eligibility that appeared on voter history list after the election; • Considerable confusion in the reconciliation of voters voting to ballots cast and some records apparently were not scanned and did not appear on the voter history records. • Considerable confusion about identified deceased voters and the county board of elections’ voter registration records; • Questions regarding reported improper assistance to residents at a disability center;

Greg Hassell (R, left) and James Ross (D, right) are squaring off this month in a new election for County Sheriff. Board of Elections held a teleconference and “acknowledged that there are sufficient irregularities to taint the results of the election and removes all doubts of the fairness of the election,” ordering a new election. Here are a few of the irregularities in the Washington County Sheriff ’s election of November 2, 2010 found in the teleconference official minutes. • Three weeks after the election an absentee ballot was found that had not been counted previously; • Fifteen (15) absentee ballots were mishandled being placed in a lock box left out on a shelf and not counted until after the Washington County Board of Elections had adjourned the meeting on Election Day for the counting of absentee



self-identified Republicans, including Don Martin, Superintendent of the Winston-Salem Forsyth County Schools, spoke at the event. Before the program began, a contingent of up to 40 activists from the radical youth socialist group, “Raleigh F.I.S.T,” were cheered as they marched onto bicentennial mall. shouting “stop the cuts to public education and fully fund all of NC’s schools.” Several Civitas Institute staff also attended the rally and distributed copies of a flier titled: “NCAE: Looking out for Children, Members or Itself?” The document reported how from 2006 to 2009 compen-

• Provision voter Michelle Armstrong was not on listed on the poll book and fed her provisional ballot into the tabulator at the polling place. Liberals and Progressives like to argue that there is no voter fraud in North Carolina – especially no voter impersonation fraud. Of course this is a silly argument because it is impossible to prove (or disprove) the presence of voter impersonation fraud without a photo ID requirement. The 2010 Washington County election for sheriff is a great example of why we need voter photo ID legislation. It is also a good illustration of how the State Board of Elections avoids investigations into apparent voter fraud, thus perpetuating the myth that there is no voter fraud in North Carolina. w

sation for top NCAE executives increased at a rate twice that of the average North Carolina teacher. Civitas staff members were told by police that fliers could only be distributed from locations outside the perimeter of the mall where the rally was held. Staff continued to distribute fliers to teachers making their way to the rally. Several NCAE officials confiscated information from participants as soon as they entered the main rally area. w



May 2011


Global TransPark – Money Pit for North Carolina BY KAREN DUQUETTE

The General Assembly’s Program Evaluation Division recently revealed its report findings on the Lenoir County Global TransPark (GTP) industrial complex. The report suggested North Carolina has two options – either continue to fund it based on a demonstration of results or begin incrementally divesting funds from the park. GTP has received nearly $250 million from local, state, federal and private sources since it began in 1991 but has yet to make a profit since opening its doors 20 years ago. According to report estimates, the state’s investment will surpass the park’s “value,” primarily through expected job income taxes, until at least 2025. Until then, the costs will continue to exceed its benefits and will require additional funding each year just to remain operable. The report also confirmed the GTP is unlikely to be self-sufficient with its operating expenses still exceeding operating revenues. As a result, it will continue to rely on state appropriations into the foreseeable future in addition to its inability to

Voter ID


tion. We do not require identity verification when one registers to vote; we vote in remote locations far from our homes and the people who know us; we begin voting two and one half weeks before Election Day; and we allow people to register and vote on the same day (Same-Day Registration). The State Senate will have an

pay its escheat fund debt, forcing the state to absorb these costs. Furthermore, the report found the GTP lacks a clear measurable results and performance program. The GTP doesn’t have an internal management system that monitors whether progress and goals are being

met. And although the N.C. Department of Commerce and the regional economic development board market the GTP, less than 10 percent of its own staff focuses on economic development. Currently, the GTP has only 14 tenants who supply roughly 400

The Global Transpark has received nearly $250 million to get the longest runway East of the Mississippi up and running. They have yet to turn a profit since it opened 20 years ago. Some job growth is expected from Spirit AeroSystems in the next few years. Photo: Don Carrington.

opportunity to fine-tune the voter ID bill and perhaps make the ID requirements less ambiguous and at the same time remove the language that awards so much power and freedom to the State Board of Elections to interpret and develop the law to suit the majority on the State Board of Elections. As expected, the vote to give a favorable report to House Bill 351 went along party lines - 18 Republicans voted for the bill while 14

Democrats voted against it. Though this vote and probably all subsequent votes on voter ID legislation will probably follow the party line, it is anything but a partisan issue to the voters of North Carolina. In poll after poll, national and state, the voters overwhelmingly support voter photo ID legislation in order to protect the integrity of our elections. A Civitas Poll conducted in December 2010 showed that an amazing 84 percent of North

jobs. Some job growth from Spirit AeroSystems is expected in the next few years, due largely in part to the $100 million in incentives from the state’s share of tobacco settlement funds for onsite building upgrades. These numbers fall significantly short of the 1994 master plan to create 3,600 jobs within five years. The report claims part of this shortfall is due to a lack of accessible transportation infrastructure, which would necessitate additional taxpayer money to improve the roads and rails leading to the park. With the results of this report, it’s hard to justify GTP’s continued state financial support given the exorbitant costs currently being thrown at it. Unfortunately, even if North Carolina decides to incrementally divest funds from the GTP, the state may have some financial obligations until 2019 due to existing contracts with Spirit AeroSystem and the Federal Aviation Administration. This seems like a raw deal and money pit for North Carolinians. The sooner we can begin the divestment process, the better. w

Carolina voters favored legislation that would require voter photo ID. Broken down, 96 percent of Republicans, 86 percent of Unaffiliated voters and 73 percent of Democrats support a voter photo ID to vote. The Republicans in the State House and State Senate promised to pass voter photo ID legislation in the first 100 days of the 2011 session – they have moved one step closer to their goal. w

Please feel free to cut this out and send to your legislator. Your legislator’s contact information can be found on pages 10-11.

10 February 2011



How do I Contact My Legislator? House 1 Camden, Currituck, Pasquotank, Tyrrell Bill Owens (D) Rm. 611, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-0010 2 Chowan, Dare, Hyde, Washington Timothy L. Spear (D) Rm. 402, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3029 3 Craven, Pamlico Norman W. Sanderson (R) Rm. 306A2, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5853

16 New Hanover, Pender Carolyn H. Justice (R) Rm. 420, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-9664

This legislative directory provides legislative phone number and legislative address. Jones St. zip code is 27601. The Salisbury St. zip code is 27603.

4 Duplin, Onslow Jimmy Dixon (R) Rm. 1002, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3021

17 Brunswick Frank Iler (R) Rm. 632, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-301-1450

5 Bertie, Gates, Hertford, Perquimans Annie W. Mobley (D) Rm. 501, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5780

18 New Hanover, Pender Susi H. Hamilton (D) Rm. 1319, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5754

6 Beaufort, Pitt Bill Cook (R) Rm. 1303, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5906 7 Halifax, Nash Angela R. Bryant (D) Rm. 542, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5878 8 Martin, Pitt Edith D. Warren (D) Rm. 1323, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3023 9 Pitt Marian N. McLawhorn (D) Rm. 1217, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5757 10 Greene, Lenoir, Wayne Stephen A. LaRoque (R) Rm. 635, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3017

19 New Hanover Daniel F. McComas (R) Rm. 506, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5786 20 Brunswick, Columbus Dewey L. Hill (D) Rm. 1309, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5830 21 Sampson, Wayne Larry M. Bell (D) Rm. 606, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5863 22 Bladen, Cumberland William D. Brisson (D) Rm. 1325, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5772 23 Edgecombe, Wilson Joe P. Tolson (D) Rm. 608, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3024

11 Wayne Efton M. Sager (R) Rm. 416B, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5755

24 Edgecombe, Wilson Jean Farmer-Butterfield (D) Rm. 631D, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5898 Jean.Farmer-Butterfield@ncleg. net

12 Craven, Lenoir William L. Wainwright (D) Rm. 613, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5995

25 Nash Jeff Collins (R) Rm. 1006, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5802

13 Carteret, Jones Pat McElraft (R) Rm. 637, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-6275

26 Johnston N. Leo Daughtry (R) Rm. 2207, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5605

14 Onslow George G. Cleveland (R) Rm. 417A, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-6707

27 Northhampton, Vance, Warren Michael H. Wray (D) Rm. 502, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5662

15 Onslow Phil R. Shepard (R) Rm. 301N, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-9644 Phil.

28 Johnston, Sampson James H. Langdon, Jr. (R) Rm. 417B, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5849

29 Durham Larry D. Hall (D) Rm. 1015, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5872

45 Cumberland Rick Glazier (D) Rm. 1021, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5601

30 Durham Paul Luebke (D) Rm. 513, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-7663

46 Hoke, Robeson, Scotland G.L. Pridgen (R) Rm. 2223, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5821

31 Durham Henry M. Michaux, Jr. (D) Rm. 1220, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-2528

47 Robeson Charles Graham (D) Rm. 1315, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-0875

32 Granville, Vance James W. Crawford, Jr. (D) Rm. 1321, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5824

48 Hoke, Robeson, Scotland Garland E. Pierce (D) Rm. 1204, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5803

33 Wake Rosa U. Gill (D) Rm. 1305, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5880

49 Franklin, Halifax, Nash Glen Bradley (R) Rm. 536, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5860

34 Wake Grier Martin (D) Rm. 1219, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5758

50 Caswell, Orange Bill Faison (D) Rm. 405, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3019

35 Wake Jennifer Weiss (D) Rm. 1109, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3010

51 Harnett, Lee Mike C. Stone (R) Rm. 1008, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3026

36 Wake Nelson Dollar (R) Rm. 307B1, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-0795

52 Moore James L. Boles, Jr. (R) Rm. 503, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5903

37 Wake Paul Stam (R) Rm. 2301, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-2962

53 Harnett David R. Lewis (R) Rm. 534, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3015

38 Wake Deborah K. Ross (D) Rm. 1023, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5773

54 Chatham, Moore, Orange Joe Hackney (D) Rm. 612, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-3451

39 Wake Darren G. Jackson (D) Rm. 1019, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5974

55 Durham, Person W. A. (Winkie) Wilkins (D) Rm. 1301, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-0850

40 Wake Marilyn Avila (R) Rm. 2217, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5530

56 Orange Verla Insko (D) Rm. 603, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-7208

41 Wake Tom Murry (R) Rm. 2121, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-0010

57 Guilford Pricey Harrison (D) Rm. 1218, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5771

42 Cumberland Marvin W. Lucas (D) Rm. 607, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5775

58 Guilford Alma Adams (D) Rm. 604, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5902

43 Cumberland Elmer Floyd (D) Rm. 1311, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5959

59 Guilford Maggie Jeffus (D) Rm. 1307, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5191

44 Cumberland Diane Parfitt (D) Rm. 1017, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-9892

60 Guilford Marcus Brandon (D) Rm. 1209, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5825

70 Randolph Pat B. Hurley (R) Rm. 532, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5865

61 Guilford John Faircloth (R) Rm. 306A3, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5877

71 Forsyth Larry Womble (D) Rm. 510, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5777

62 Guilford John M. Blust (R) Rm. 1229, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5781

72 Forsyth Earline W. Parmon (D) Rm. 509, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5829

For additional information on finding your legislator by county or to see how they vote, please visit 63 Alamance Alice L. Bordsen (D) Rm. 602, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5820 64 Alamance Dan W. Ingle (R) Rm. 530, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5905 65 Rockingham Bert Jones (U) Rm. 306A1, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5779 66 Montgomery, Richmond Ken Goodman (D) Rm. 1111, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5823 67 Montgomery, Stanly, Union Justin P. Burr (R) Rm. 538, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5908 68 Union D. Craig Horn (R) Rm. 1010, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-2406 69 Anson, Union Frank McGuirt (D) Rm. 1015, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3007

73 Davidson, Forsyth Larry R. Brown (R) Rm. 303, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5607 74 Forsyth Dale R. Folwell (R) Rm. 301F, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5787 75 Forsyth Wm. C. “Bill” McGee (R) Rm. 634, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5747 76 Rowan Fred F. Steen, II (R) Rm. 305, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5881 77 Rowan Harry Warren (R) Rm. 533, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5784

WHY WE GIVE PARTY AFFILIATIONS: The Legislature is managed as a partisan institution. Lawmakers segregate themselves by party in matters from daily meetings to electing leaders. They have separate and taxpayer-financed staffs. As such, gaining a full understanding of the vote of an individual lawmaker requires knowing his or her partisan affiliation.



78 Randolph Harold J. Brubaker (R) Rm. 302, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-4946

92 Iredell, Surry, Yadkin Darrell G. McCormick (R) Rm. 2119, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5654

109 Gaston William A. Current, Sr. (R) Rm. 418B, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5809

79 Davie, Iredell Julia C. Howard (R) Rm. 1106, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5904

93 Ashe, Watauga Jonathan C. Jordan (R) Rm. 418C, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-7727

110 Cleveland, Gaston Kelly E. Hastings (R) Rm. 2123, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-2002

80 Davidson Jerry C. Dockham (R) Rm. 2204, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-2526

94 Wilkes Shirley B. Randleman (R) Rm. 531, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5935

111 Cleveland Tim Moore (R) Rm. 1326, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-4838

81 Davidson Rayne Brown (R) Rm. 638, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-0873

95 Iredell Grey Mills (R) Rm. 2221, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5741

112 Cleveland, Rutherford Mike Hager (R) Rm. 306C, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5749

82 Cabarrus Jeff Barnhart (R) Rm. 304, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-2009

96 Catawba Mark K. Hilton (R) Rm. 1227, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5988

This legislative directory provides legislative phone number and legislative address. Jones St. zip code is 27601. The Salisbury St. zip code is 27603. 83 Cabarrus Linda P. Johnson (R) Rm. 301D, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5861 84 Avery, Caldwell, Mitchell, Yancey Phillip Frye (R) Rm. 639, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5661 85 Burke, McDowell Mitch Gillespie (R) Rm. 307B2, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5862 86 Burke Hugh Blackwell (R) Rm. 541, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5805 87 Caldwell Edgar V. Starnes (R) Rm. 419A, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5931 88 Alexander, Catawba Mark W. Hollo (R) Rm. 633, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-8361 89 Catawba, Iredell Mitchell S. Setzer (R) Rm. 1206, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-4948 90 Alleghany, Surry Sarah Stevens (R) Rm. 416A, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-1883 91 Rockingham, Stokes Bryan R. Holloway (R) Rm. 529, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5609


19 Bladen, Cumberland Wesley Meredith (R) Rm. 2106, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5776

35 Mecklenburg, Union Tommy Tucker (R) Rm. 311, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-7659

20 Durham Floyd B. McKissick, Jr. (D) Rm. 520, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-4599

36 Cabarrus, Iredell Fletcher L. Hartsell, Jr. (R) Rm. 300C, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-7223

21 Cumberland Eric Mansfield (R) Rm. 1119, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-9349

37 Mecklenburg Daniel G. Clodfelter (D) Rm. 526, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-8331

5 Greene, Pitt, Wayne Louis Pate (R) Rm. 406, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5621

22 Harnett, Moore Harris Blake (R) Rm. 408, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-4809

38 Mecklenburg Charlie Smith Dannelly (D) Rm. 1127, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5955

113 Henderson, Polk, Transylvania W. David Guice (R) Rm. 528, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-4466

6 Jones, Onslow Harry Brown (R) Rm. 300B, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3034

23 Orange, Person Eleanor Kinnaird (D) Rm. 628, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5804

39 Mecklenburg Bob Rucho (R) Rm. 300A, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5655

97 Lincoln Johnathan Rhyne, Jr. (R) Rm. 2208, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5782

114 Buncombe Susan C. Fisher (D) Rm. 504, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-2013

24 Alamance, Caswell Rick Gunn (R) Rm. 312, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-301-1446

40 Mecklenburg Malcolm Graham (D) Rm. 622, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5650

98 Mecklenburg Thom Tillis (R) Rm. 2304, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5828

115 Buncombe Patsy Keever (D) Rm. 1317, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5746

7 Franklin, Granville, Vance, Warren Doug Berger (D) Rm. 516, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-8363

116 Buncombe Tim D. Moffitt (R) Rm. 1025, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3012

25 Anson, Richmond, Scotland, Stanly William R. Purcell (D) Rm. 517, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5953

41 Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln James Forrester (R) Rm. 2108, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3050

99 Mecklenburg Rodney W. Moore (D) Rm. 1211, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5606

8 Brunswick, Columbus, Pender Bill Rabon (R) Rm. 2108, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5963

100 Mecklenburg Tricia Ann Cotham (D) Rm. 403, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-0706

117 Henderson Chuck McGrady (R) Rm. 418A, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5956

9 New Hanover Thom Goolsby (R) Rm. 2115, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-2525

26 Guilford, Rockingham Philip Edward Berger (R) Rm. 2008, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5708

101 Mecklenburg Beverly M. Earle (D) Rm. 610, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-2530

118 Haywood, Madison, Yancey Ray Rapp (D) Rm. 1013, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5732

10 Duplin, Lenoir, Sampson Brent Jackson (R) Rm. 525, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5705

27 Guilford Don Vaughan (D) Rm. 515, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5856

102 Mecklenburg Becky Carney (D) Rm. 1221, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5827

119 Haywood, Jackson, Macon, Swain R. Phillip Haire (D) Rm. 609, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3005

11 Nash, Wilson E.S. Newton (R) Rm. 410, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3030

28 Guilford Gladys A. Robinson (D) Rm. 1120, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3042

12 Johnston, Wayne David Rouzer (R) Rm. 523, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5748

29 Montgomery, Randolph Jerry W. Tillman (R) Rm. 627, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5870

45 Alexander, Ashe, Watauga, Wilkes Dan Soucek (R) Rm. 310, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5742

13 Robeson, Hoke Michael Walters (D) Rm. 1118, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5551

30 Alleghany, Stokes, Surry, Yadkin Don W. East (R) Rm. 522, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5743

46 Cleveland, Rutherford Debbie A. Clary (R) Rm. 314, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3038

14 Wake Daniel T. Blue, Jr. (D) Rm. 1117, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5752

31 Forsyth Peter S. Brunstetter (R) Rm. 2022, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-7850

15 Wake Neal Hunt (R) Rm. 308, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5850

32 Forsyth Linda Garrou (D) Rm. 620, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5620

47 Avery, Haywood, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Yancey Ralph Hise (R) Rm. 1026, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-3460

16 Wake Joshua H. Stein (D) Rm. 1113, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-6400

33 Davidson, Guilford Stan Bingham (R) Rm. 2117, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5665

17 Wake Richard Y. Stevens (R) Rm. 309, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5653

34 Davie, Rowan Andrew C. Brock (R) Rm. 623, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-0690

103 Mecklenburg William Brawley (R) Rm. 1313, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5800 104 Mecklenburg Ruth Samuelson (R) Rm. 419B, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3009

120 Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Macon Roger West (R) Rm. 1004, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5859


105 Mecklenburg Ric Killian (R) Rm. 2219, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5886

1 Beaufort, Camden, Currituck, Dare, Hyde, Pasquotank, Tyrrell, Washington Stan White (D) Rm. 1121, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-8293

106 Mecklenburg Martha B. Alexander (D) Rm. 1213, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5807

2 Carteret, Craven, Pamlico Jean R. Preston (R) Rm. 629, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5706

107 Mecklenburg Kelly M. Alexander, Jr. (D) Rm. 404, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5778

3 Edgecombe, Martin, Pitt S. Clark Jenkins (D) Rm. 621, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3040

108 Gaston John A. Torbett (R) Rm. 537, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5868

4 Bertie, Chowan, Gates, Halifax, Hertford, Northampton, Perquimans W. Edward Jones (D) Rm. 518, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3032

May 2011

For additional information on finding your legislator by county or to see how they vote, please visit

18 Chatham, Durham, Lee Robert Atwater (D) Rm. 519, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-3036

42 Catawba, Iredell Austin M. Allran (R) Rm. 625, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-733-5876 43 Gaston Kathy Harrington (R) Rm. 2113, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5734 44 Burke, Caldwell Warren Daniel (R) Rm. 411, 300 N. Salisbury St. 919-715-7823

48 Buncombe, Henderson, Polk Tom M. Apodaca (R) Rm. 2010, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5745 49 Buncombe Martin L. Nesbitt, Jr. (D) Rm. 1129, 16 West Jones St. 919-715-3001 50 Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Haywood, Jackson, Macon, Swain, Transylvania Jim Davis (R) Rm. 2111, 16 West Jones St. 919-733-5875

12 May 2011

Civitas •


NCAE Rally Tells One Story - Executive Compensation and Political Contributions Tell Another BY BOB LUEBKE

On Tuesday, May 3, the North Carolina Association of Educators (NCAE) – the largest teachers association in the state – held a rally across from the General Assembly to protest the House’s $19 billion budget plan. The House plan fully funds all teaching positions but also calls for $760 million in budget reductions for K- 12 public schools to help meet the state’s $2.4 billion budget deficit. Gov. Bev Perdue and NAACP President William Barber were among the speakers who urged teachers to fight budget cuts and encouraged them to tell their lawmakers to maintain current spending levels for public schools funding. One thing NCAE members didn’t hear about at the rally was compensation increases for NCAE executives. An analysis of federal tax forms by the Civitas Institute reveals NCAE executive compensation increased 24 percent between 2006 and 2009. Over the same time period, average teacher compensation in North Carolina increased 12 percent. When asked to comment on findings in the Civitas report, Tom

Herbert, NCAE business manager, said the numbers were accurate but misleading. Herbert explained, “As the stock market went down in 200809, we were required to pay in additional monies to make up the difference in what the stock market took away from our [employees].” Huh? The numbers are simply higher because NCAE executives evidently had guaranteed rates of return on their retirement programs. Additional payments were needed to compensate for the declines in the value of the stock market. The additional compensation payouts reflect the true costs of goldplated retirement programs available to NCAE executives, but not available to rank-and-file teachers. While it’s not surprising to learn NCAE executives have higher average total compensation, I wonder if teachers are happy to know the average total increase in compensation for NCAE executives is twice the compensation increase for the average North Carolina teacher during the same period. In 2009, average total compensation for the eight highestpaid NCAE executives was a whopping $176,796.

Teachers rallied with alliance North Carolina Association Educators (NCAE) at a recent rally, where the battle cry was to fully fund public education. NCAE executives don’t have the same fear of not being funded, considering they have received pay raises for their advocacy work. Photo: Raleigh News & Observer

It’s curious, while rally speakers bemoaned declining average teacher salaries, falling state support for public education and the lack of raises for teachers, it appears NCAE executives are immune rom fallout from the recession. In 2009, NCAE took in $8.8 million in membership dues and paid out $7.9 million in salaries compensation and employee benefits. While teacher salaries have remained flat, membership dues to NCAE have been rising. Last year NCAE members paid an average of $370 in annual dues. This year while schools are struggling to save teacher jobs, NCAE membership dues have increased to $415. That includes $237 for NCAE and $178 for the National Education Association (NEA) dues. Since NCAE is an NEA affiliate, members are required to pay dues to both organizations. In some counties, NCAE members are asked to support county NCAE chapters. For example NCAE members in Wake County will pay $86 in dues for the

local, county chapter. I wonder if teachers are happy watching NCAE executives receive lavish compensation packages while they face budget reductions at their schools, a third year with no salary increase and further declines in their retirement accounts? w To read more about NCAE, visit The Civitas Institute offers training in investigative journalism and exposing government corruption. We hold monthly meetings for those who want to learn more and connect with others to combat public corruption. For more information contact Bob Luebke at 919834-2099, Ext. 135. Scandal is a regular column in Capitol Connection that will explore public corruption in NC Government. Have a local corruption story? Email us at : or call 919-834-2099.

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Photo ID legislation progresses, and the budget fight continues.