Railway Trips Route 1 • 3 hours
Steam Locomotive Trip
Route 2 • 2 hours 30 minutes
Route 3 • 3 hours 30 minutes
The Little Ring of the Moscow Railway Locomotive Triptych Route 4 • 1 day
Moscow–Kolomna Route 5 • 1 day
Route 7 • 2 days, 1 night
Moscow–Kaluga–Smolensk Route 8 • 2 days, 1 night
11 12 14 16 18 20
Routes of the Trans-Siberian Railway (12)
The “Golden Eagle” train — a flight over rails Independent Travel Helpful Information
media. All tours are conducted by using an engine as a locomotive on the entire route or on just its specific parts. Enroute, you may choose a “standard” way of travel, with chairs and car” one, where up to four people may be seated around one table, a partment with two or four people, or a “luxury” one, traveling in a 1–2 people compartment equipped with
Route 11 • 3 days, 3 nights
To the Homeland of Ded Moroz: Moscow–Veliky Ustyug
invitation to participate in interac-
“coupe +”, for traveling in a com-
Route 10 • 3 days, 2 nights
Locomotive for Seliger: Moscow–Bologoye–Ostashkov–Torzhok
Russia and of railways, offering an
foldable tables, an “interior train
Route 9 • 2 days, 1 night
guests of Moscow about history of
tive programs using retro technical
Route 6 • 1 day
Locomotives and the Sky: Moscow–Tsiolkovsky–Monino
This Guide informs Muscovites and
a shower room. More information about tours and itineraries, duration and intensity of
21 22 24
programs, class and type of accommodation may be obtained from tour operators listed on the back cover of this Guide.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Rizhsky Railway Station (previ-
Steam Locomotive Trip
ously known as Vindavsky, Baltiysky,
Route 1 • 3 hours
Rzhevsky) is one of the most beautiful and at the same time best preserved railway buildings in Moscow. The Station opened on September 11, 1901. It is a historic architectural feature. Built upon design of the architect S. A. Brzhozovsky under tutelage of Y. F. Diederichs, this beautiful building combines elements of Art Nouveau and of the so called “PseudoRussian” style. The construction of the station has literally transformed the whole area of Moscow near the Krestovsky towers: a square was laid out, along with waterways and landscaping of surrounding streets. Today, the majority of Moscow locomotive excursions originates from here. An annex to the station building hosts Russia’s largest operating model railroad, where, like on an animated map, all types of transport are shown, from the engine to the aircraft. Also, there is a shop for Russian and foreign railway models.
“Steam Locomotive Trip” is a unique three-hour excursion on a steam-powered engine in the middle of Moscow, a lively opportunity to touch the olden days, and a participation in the life of the railway of the past. Even a few minutes on a retro train, watching those billowing steam clouds produced by the powerful engine shall become unforgettable. Hear a wonderful, authentic train whistle; admire the living, breathing steam locomotive; learn the most curious facts of Russian railway history; view its most precious masterpieces recreated on a scale of 1:1; visit a real locomotive depot — all of this will become an experience and joy for everyone who will take the trip from the former Vindavsky station in Moscow. It is unique in every respect. The “Locomotive Trip” begins at the Rizhsky Railway Station with a tour of the Railway Equipment History Museum. The story told by the guide will uncover such details which an uninitiated guest could not ever imagine: how locomotives have been fueled by salted dry fish during Civil War; how holes in the locomotive tenders were patched with wooden plugs during Great Patriotic War; why driver’s chest was called the “barrel organ”, and the tail light of the train, the “mother-in-law”; how many square feet of one furnace could be heated manually by one person; how did the VIPs of yesterdays feel traveling in those luxurious saloon cars and many, many more such facts, most of which are virtually unknown.
Soon, a real train whistle will notify you that the boarding is about to begin, and the retro train will be eagerly awaiting its passengers. During the trip, the tourists will be offered seats in the 2nd class cars of inter-regional trains, with a refurbished mid-20th century locomotive engine. Retro train will take you to an old Podmoskovnaya depot, which is of the same age as the Rizhsky Station. This is the very place where, in 2011, the first Russian locomotive repair company was established. You can see with your own eyes how water is poured into steam locomotive tender, watch the maneuvering as well as view several unique buildings awarded the status of historic importance. Along the way, you will be offered hot tea and an opportunity to buy souvenirs pertaining to the locomotive theme.
Podmoskovnaya Depot Some time ago, trains were reaching only as far as Podmoskovnaya station: the government could not solve the problem of high cost of land for laying ways through Maryina Roshcha and connections of the Moskovsko-Vindavskaya line with the station at the gates of Moscow’s Krestovskaya Zastava. Near the newly constructed Podmoskovnaya station lay an ancient village of Vsekhsvyatskoye, with its extended groves, orchards and fields. One can only marvel at the aesthetic perfection with which this lonely place was transformed by the railway architects creating buildings of purely technical purpose, such as the water tower with a pump work, a fan-shaped building, and the office of the locomotive depot. Today, tourists undertaking the “Locomotive Trip” are happy to visit those fancy buildings, viewing them not just as hallmarks of engineering but as marvels of business architecture as well. By the decision of the Moscow government, Podmoskovnaya Depot has become protected as a unique historic feature of the city.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Railway across the Moskva River
The Little Ring of the Moscow Railway
are a special poetic page in the
Route 2 • 2 hours 30 minutes
Bridges of the Moscow Ring
history of Moscow. The author of the three bridges, including Sergievsky (presently Anrdeevsky), the Bridge of the Emperor Nicholas II (presently Luzhnetsky, previously Krasnoluzhsky), and Dorogomilovsky, is a famous Russian architect L. D. Proskuryakov, with artistic design provided by Professor A. N. Pomerantsev. The author of the Danilovsky (formerly Alexeevsky) Bridge is an equally outstanding architect, N. A. Belelyubsky, with participation of N. A. Boguslavsky. Their bridges serve as beautiful decorations of Moscow in the areas of Vorobievy Gory, Novodevichy and St. Andrew Convents, and Kutuzovsky Prospekt. During reconstruction of 2001, the old spans of Krasnoluzhsky and Andreevsky bridges were shifted and turned into pedestrian bridges.
The Moscow Ring Railway was opened to train traffic in 1908. Its purpose was to connect all nine directions of the rail lines converging in Moscow. It was built under direction of the engineer and architect P. I. Rashevsky. In common parlance, it is called the Little Ring, although its form is closer to that of an oval. In the northwest of Moscow it reaches the length of 12 kilometers, and in the south, it runs just 5 kilometers away from the Kremlin. From 1917 to 1960, i. e., before the appearance of the Moscow Beltway, it was the official boundary of the city of Moscow. Despite its short length of only 54 kilometers, not counting the branches, the Little Ring of the Moscow Railway is a unique engineering construction with nothing like it in the entire world. Along with its scientific value, its cultural role is not to be underestimated. The builders of the future Ring were of the opinion that one day, the garden city will reach all the way to here, to the suburban forest trees, alleys, vacant lots, and in some places to landfills, and even to the areas of public cemeteries, and here shall continue the grand and incredible Moscow of the future! This is why everything here was built responsibly and very beautifully. It is interesting to mention that until the 1930s, traveling along the Little Ring were not just passenger trains (however,
even this fact is by now completely forgotten), but tourist ones as well. Attentive visitors were rewarded by unusual features along the road as well as by Moscow landscapes opening from this original angle. Alas, passenger traffic along the Little Ring is still not resumed, and so little is known about the Ring itself! Our tour aims to fill this unfortunate gap. The train shall cross the Moskva River four times, each time going through some famous bridge. The passengers will be able to view the most strikingly beautiful panorama of the city, with its embankments, avenues and parks. Ancient times will reappear in all their living grandess when viewing the Novodevichy Convent, and the youngest history will make itself visible in the skyscrapers of Moscow City. Presently, the Little Ring has 12 operating stations which adjoin 131 connecting track of 159 industrial enterprises in Moscow. Retro train locomotive shall be a real steam engine from the middle of 20th century, which is heated by coal. Tourists are invited to watch the maneuvers of the engine and to take a picture of this magnificent spectacle. Tourists are placed in 2nd class train cars produced in the 1980s of the 20th century, with soft chairs and folding tables or in the “interior train cars”. You will be offered delicious smoky-flavored tea and souvenirs pertaining to the locomotive theme. In addition, you may also view the photo exhibition “Industrial Antiquity”.
The style of the Moscow Ring Railway This road has a lot of paradoxical features, and one of the paradoxes is its unheard-of quality and aesthetics considering its location being far away from the center of Moscow. When the road was constructed, in several places it passed through some real thick forest, as, for example, around the Belokamennaya Station along Losiny Ostrov; somewhere else, it went through the industrial outskirts; and in the area of Kanatchikova Dacha, it even went across former burial grounds. What was it, then, that allowed the road designers, P. I. Rashevsky and A. P. Pomerantsev, create such beautiful-looking, unique, and strong structures of a uniform style? Their vision! They imagined that, with time, this road shall become a boundary of a future garden city, thus its beauty was aimed at their distant descendants. In addition, it embodied the idea of the great stately power which was reflected in the names of its majestic bridges. This road was built entirely of domestic materials.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Paveletsky Railway Station (previously known as Saratovsky) opened in 1900. Its architect is J. F. Diederichs. Initially, its trains ran only to the city of Venev, but soon, the way was extended as far as Astrakhan. The Station is known for its restoration in the 1980s, for it was the first time in the Soviet era station building history that a method of preserving ancient appearance has been partially implemented here. Frankly, the Station deserves it: its massive building with elements of pseudo-Russian style has some time ago transformed the remote Moscow Zatsepa square, which was often flooded in the spring. The history of the station is intertwined with one of the largest and most original railways in Russia, the RyazanskoUralskaya. In 1924, the funeral train carrying the body of V. I. Lenin arrived at this station. It is known for being a connection pathway to Russian grain-producing South, with its massive warehouses and elevators reminiscent of this fact. Before the October Revolution, this station was the main warehouse depot to the largest trading companies in Moscow.
Locomotive Triptych Route 3 • 3 hours 30 minutes The “Locomotive Triptych” is an opportunity to visit the exhibition of two museums at once: the Railway Equipment Museum at the Rizhsky train station, and Moscow Railway Museum at Paveletsky station, and to drive through the most picturesque places of the Little Ring of Moscow Railway. The “Locomotive Triptych” begins at the Rizhsky train station, by visiting the open-air museum of natural exhibits, i. e., locomotives and cars. Then, by the retro train, you will embark on an exciting journey along the Little Ring of Moscow railway to Paveletsky station. This is the most beautiful and fascinating part of the Little Ring, with its famous bridges over the Moskva River. The city of Moscow, appearing in the window of a steam-driven train rolling along this mysterious, unknown to many, road, will leave you with an impression to last for a long time. Upon arrival at the Paveletsky station, the tour will continue at the updated Railroad Equipment Museum belonging to Moscow Railway. Here, you can see the funeral train of V. I. Lenin, with its unique locomotive and train car, antique railroad uniform, and mannequins (whose faces resemble characters from popular movies) in train interiors. Many
unique photos shall tell you about the glorious past of the Moscow railway. At the head of the funeral train is one of the most valuable structures in the Russian technology history, the engine U127. It does not possess any outstanding performance features, but it is the only preserved example (out of thousands!) of a passenger locomotive train with a special arrangement of the wheels. In addition, this train remained virtually untouched, and since 1959, it stays inside. However, the value of this stunning monument is always somewhat overshadowed by another, equally outstanding, rarity, which is represented in the museum, namely, a baggage car from the early twentieth century, hitched to the engine, which is also the only remaining train car of this type.
Railway Equipment Museum at the Rizhsky Railway Station is one of the most unique museums in Moscow, the long-awaited dream come true for fans of the railroad history. It was opened in 2004. This museum contains more than 60 locomotives and train cars, some of them belonging to the golden collection of Russian railway equipment. Walking inside this museum, you will be paging through the live book of “Chugunka” road history: here are the “Ovechka” (“Lambsy”) locomotives built in 1903, the German military “Frau”, the domestic “Victory” and “the most of the most”— the most popular passenger locomotive of Su series, the most powerful European locomotive “Felix Dzerzhinsky”, the largest, even registered in the Guinness Book of Records, legendary “Emka”, and the most economical steam locomotive of LP series. The museum also hosts the “Teplushka” car with a real woodburning “burhzuika” stove, along with electric trains from the hub of Moscow built around 1940–1970’s, diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, enormous track machines that resemble dinosaurs, and even a former saloon car used for government’s top officials.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Kazansky Railway Station (previously known as Ryazansky) is an architectural hallmark of Moscow. Its first building, opened in 1864, it was not only tiny but also highly inconvenient, to such an extent that by the end of the nineteenth century it became an object of ridicule for Moscow’s newspaper columnists. The flow of passengers has soon grown so quickly that it became necessary to build a comletely new station. Its cornerstone was laid in 1913, based on the grand design of the famous architect A. V. Shchusev. The project impressed the Muscovites and was destined to become the largest railway station in Russia, but the World War I intervened, and the idea, conceived by the entrepreneur N. K. von Meck of a railway station as a special marvel was only partially realized. Participating in the design of this building were such artists as N. K. Roerich, E. E. Lanceray, B. M. Kustodiev, and Z. E. Serebryakova. The contemporary appearance of the station was developed only in the 1990s. The central building of the station mimicks the shape of the Söyembikä Tower from the Kazan Kremlin.
Moscow–Kolomna Route 4 • 1 day Kolomna, one of the most historically important cities around Moscow, this ancient gem at the confluence of the Moskva River and Oka River, is located 114 km to the south of Moscow. This is a unique city with well-preserved historic center. When approaching Kolomna, in the picturesque smoke clouds billowing from locomotive engine, to the right of the train, after passing the bridge over the Moscow River, a grand panorama of the old town with the onion domes of churches towering over the quiet streets, and with majestic cathedrals of Kolomna Kremlin will present itself to your admiring gaze. The panoramic view of the ancient Bobrenev monastery among vast fields in the floodplain of the Moskva River will become the beginning of a silent tale about famous events and landmarks of the glorious past embodied in the monuments of Kolomna. During the tour, please do not forget to take a walk to this monastery by crossing the Moskva River on the pontoon bridge, and enjoy the stunning look of the city from the other side of the river. And then, after bowing to the large icon of the Mother of God, embedded over the ancient gate, enter the old Kolomna through Marinkina Tower, where, at least according to the legend, Marina Mnishek was imprisoned. You will never forget what you will see there! A real olden-days city policeman will be standing near a genuine striped booth, guarding the entrance to the fairy
tale known as the Old Kolomna. One-story houses from the past two centuries will greet you with memorial plaques announcing that such writers as I. I. Lazhechnikov and B. A. Pilnyak were once living there, or with emblems of Russian insurance companies from the last century. It is impossible to visit all Kolomna temples in just one day, but their onion domes appearing here and there above the roofs of old houses will be remembered forever. A special poetry is concealed in ancient streets of Kolomna, with their wood carvings on window frames and chimneys. There are actually very few places in the vicinity of Moscow where such a complete image of a real sub-Moscow district city would be preserved just as lovingly. The program for travelers called “Kolomna, my lovely old city” is extremely diverse: it includes a walking tour through the territory of Kolomna Kremlin, visiting several mansions of nobility and merchants as well as Blyudechko (“Little Saucer”), the confluence place of the Kolomenka and Moskva river; going by the Sobornaya (“Cathedral”) Square, visiting the revived from nonexistence Novo-Golutvin monastery, the residence of the Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna, admiring Pyatnitsky gates and monuments of Dmitry Donskoy and Cyril and Methodius, viewing the wonderful church of St. Nicholas-on-Posad, enjoying delicious marshmallow-like sweets in Kolomna Museum of Pastila (with samples and tea provided), and shopping at the “Golden Hive” store where you can buy unique honey-based drinks for yourself and your loved ones as a gift.
The Kolomna Factory was founded in 1863 near the town of Kolomna, by a military engineer, A. E. Struve. The first products of this factory were bridge structures for the bridge across the Oka River in Kolomna. The factory produced a phenomenally diverse range of equipment, from the steam threshers and bridges to locomotives, ships and even submarines. Kolomzavod is a special branch of engineering in the national history of heavy machinery. In 1869, the first steam locomotive was built there; in 1907, the first ship in the world boasting a diesel engine; after the revolution, the first line of Soviet locomotive EL, as well as electric locomotives VL19. In 1956, Kolomna became the resting place of the last Soviet passenger steam locomotive P36, recognized as the best domestic locomotive. Then, passenger locomotives TEP60 and TEP70 were mass-produced here; today, it produces the most advanced diesel engines TEP70BS and electric locomotives EP2K, and it is quite possible that the engine that will bring tourists to Kolomna has been built here as well.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Sergiev Posad The first railway line from Moscow
to Sergiev Posad was by no
Route 5 • 1 day
coincidence a symbolic blessing for the future Trans-Siberian Railway. The Trinity St. Sergius Lavra is a great Russian sanctuary and at the same time a fortress spared by the Lord during tragic times. It was founded by St. Sergius of Radonezh, a great saint of the Russian land. St. Sergius Lavra has always been a bulwark of national independence, lest we forget its heroic defense during the Polish intervention in the early 17th century. Even in Soviet times, spiritual life never ceased here; although officially closed, Lavra was converted into a museum, with only its seminary being opened. Today, it is a major center of pilgrimage, which attracts the entire Russia, the most important spiritual stronghold, keeper of orthodox traditions, including church music, and also one of the most beautiful monasteries in our country. The view of the Lavra from the railway is completely unique.
Going through Sergiev Posad, the retro train will arrive in Alexandrov. Near the station, in accordance with the pre-revolutionary traditions of railways, a beautiful temple was recently built, and the station itself is an architectural monument. There will be a visit to the Alexandrov settlement, in which you can see an amazing architectural ensemble, the palace houses and even the dining menu from the table of Ivan the Terrible, including “pike heads with garlic”, view Pokrovsky temple with its bell tower, and listen to the choir. Then the train will bring the tourists to Pereslavl-Zalessky, which offers a beautiful view from the high mountain above the Pleshcheevo Lake. Next, a tour with a visit to Red Square and the Spaso-Preobrazhensky (“The Holy Transfiguration”) Cathedral (the oldest monument of Vladimir-Suzdal architecture), the ancient city walls with a story about the life of St. Alexander Nevsky, the Nikitsky monastery and St. Nicholas Convent. If weather permits, you can visit the unique Pereslavl Museum of narrow gauge railways, which is located near the town in a pine forest, and the Museum of Clothes Irons and Museum of Samovars.
Locomotives and the Sky: Moscow–Tsiolkovsky–Monino
Museum of the Air Forces in
Route 6 • 1 day
Locomotives are beautiful, but no
Monino less beautiful are airplanes. The
Early in the morning, the train with a real locomotive will go to the probably most attractive and “space-related” city of Russia, the Star City. It is located just one hour away from Moscow. It was virtually impossible to get there until recently. And even now it has a strict permit system, so that the tour is your only chance to see the legendary Cosmonaut Training Center. On the way to Star City, the guides will provide a narrative, dedicated to the “History of Space and Locomotives during 1954–1961.” Strictly according to schedule, the train will arrive at the Star City. During the tour, you can learn about the history of the Cosmonaut Training Center named after Yuri Gagarin, and about the appearance of Star City, as well as become acquainted with everyday life of the cosmonauts orbiting the Earth. Here is the world’s largest space centrifuge and the working neutral buoyancy facility — a huge swimming pool with a mockup of Space Station module where the cosmonauts can work on EVA. Only for the passengers of the retro train, the planetarium will be opened. You will be able to see the night sky at an altitude of 500 km above the Earth, and about 9000 stars, and never forget this sight.
Monino Museum hosts a worldfamous, unique collection of aircraft. The Museum is located 38 km to the East of Moscow, in one of the most beautiful places of the capital, the Chkalovsky airfield. The Museum was created by the Air Force Academy named after Yuri Gagarin, on November 28, 1958, based on aircraft repair workshops. On February 23, 1960, the Museum greeted its first visitors. It has 586 storage units, including such airplanes as «Ilya Muromets», «Voisin», Su-35, Tu-95, Po-2, Pe-2, Tu-2, DB-3, SB, IL-10, Tu-114, Tu‑144, and M-3, which are completely unique. All leading aviation powers consider it one of the largest aviation museums in the world, and find its collection of aircraft fantastic. This collection allows us to trace the development of aviation from the first aircraft and helicopters. An absolutely incredible experience!
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Kievsky Railway Station (previously known as Bryansky) is one of the most beautiful train stations of Moscow. Its first (not preserved) building was built in 1899. This inconvenient building, which was illuminated by kerosene, was a constant target of cartoonists. Nevertheless, the appearance of the railway station literally transformed the place in the Dorogomilovo region of Moscow known as Berezhkovskie Ogorody that turned from the “empty land” into a large construction site on the banks of the Moskva River. The Board of the Moscow-Kiev-Voronezh road, tired of being a permanent butt of jokes, evidently decided to impress all one and a half decades later, with a principally different building. Built in the neo-classical style with elements of Empire style, this new building of the architect I. M. Rerberg, with its famous canopy over the apron, decorated with figures of eagles and a 51 meter high tower with clocks remaining, until recently, mechanical, became a real tribute not just for architecture, but for the art of engineering as well.
Moscow–Kaluga–Smolensk Route 7 • 2 days, 1 night Just three hours of a romantic way accompanied by the sound of locomotive whistles and frequent steam engine exhausts, and the retro train shall arrive in Kaluga. In the morning, sightseeing bus tour will open to you the world of an authentic ancient Russian town: the Church of St. George “Upon the Ravine”, the Chambers of Korobov family, the Stone Bridge over Berezuysky Ravine, the ensemble of olden-day Public offices, Gostinyi Dvor, Trinity Cathedral, and much more. A lasting impression will be left by one special place, the virtually untouched world of an ancient provincial city on Voskresenskaja Street. Kaluga is the city of K. E. Tsiolkovsky. Visiting the National Museum of the History of Cosmonautics named after this great thinker and scientist, and, of course, its planetarium will become a special highlight of your Kaluga experience. Here you can see the burnt space vehicle in which Yuri Gagarin returned to Earth.The former city mansion of Zolotarev which survived during the war is presently home to the local history museum where much can be learned about the heroic past of the Kaluga region and its people, bravely guarding the frontiers of the southwestern approaches to Moscow from Tatar hordes, and much later, from Hitler’s troops. In the evening, the retro train will continue its voyage to Smolensk. Spending the night in a train
and being lulled to sleep by the busy chattering of train wheels — oh, what a romantic touch! In the morning, there will be a sightseeing bus tour of Smolensk. Afterwards, the tourists would definitely want to visit the Kremlin of Smolensk, the Assumption Cathedral where services are held on a regular basis, and the Memorial Square dedicated to heroes performing brave deeds for this much-suffering land. There will be a tour of the architectural ensemble of Soborny (“Cathedral”) Hill offering a magnificent panorama of the city and the flood plain of the Dnieper, as well as of the monuments commemorating the War of 1812 and the Great Patriotic War, reminiscent of the heroic defense of Smolensk. But Smolensk is not just a place of never-ending wars. The monument of Mikhail Glinka will remind you of the beautiful melodies created by this great Russian composer, and the museum of “Northern Silk” “The Flax of Smolensk” will offer real homespun products which can be bought as a souvenir. After lunch, a sightseeing bus tour will be conducted, showcasing such “pre-Mongol churches” as the ancient temples of Sts. Peter and Paul, St. John the Apostle, and Michael the Archangel. Their holy grandeur will remain forever in the memory of travelers. Getting to know the city shall be complete upon taking a walk through its central Street of Lenin. In the evening, the train will arrive at the Belorussky Railway Station.
Belorussky Railway Station (previously known as Smolensky, Brestsky, Alexandrovsky, and BelorusskoBaltiysky) The first building of the Smolensk station, built in 1870 near Tverskaya Zastava and several Yamskaya streets of Moscow was, in the opinion of the contemporary press, “quite pretty”, but not very large. Shortly after the extension of the railway up to Brest, the old building stopped being sufficient for the needs of passenger service. In 1896, on the occasion of Nicholas II arriving to Moscow for his coronation, the royal pavilion was built near Brestsky station; presently, the metro station “Belorusskaja Radialnaya” has been built in its place. Only in 1912, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino, a great and very origial building was erected here by the architect I. I. Strukov. Its unique design has two wings converging not directly, but at an angle. Belorussky Railway Station is covered with memorial glory as well: the first performance of the “Holy War” song, the battlehymn of Russians during the Great Patriotic War, took place here in 1941.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Kursky Railway Station Despite the advanced age of the Moscow-Kursk railway, its starting point — the Kursky Station — is relatively young. Its old aristocratic building was built in 1896. Prior to that, the station serving Kursk and Nizhny Novgorod directions was located by the Pokrovskaya (now Abelmanovskaya) Zastava (gate) of Moscow, behind the KamerKollegsky Val, i. e., outside the city limits. Today, in place of this railway station, pictures of which, alas, have not been preserved, lay urban neighborhoods. The emergence of a new station and platform at Kurskaya-Tovarnaya station near the Rogozhskaya Zastava gave City Council the reason to pave all streets in the district. Unfortunately, the historic building of the Kurskaya station which remembers the comings and goings of Leo Tolstoy has been absorbed by the newly constructed building during major repairs of 1972. Parts of its old walls are still visible from the platform, and inside, some of its interiors with noble moldings and décor have been preserved as well.
Moscow–Tula–Ryazan Route 8 • 2 days, 1 night It is not an everyday routine to ride in a train accompanied by authentic whistle signals and train windows bathed in lacy smoke clouds. The train, headed by the handsome steam locomotive, will travel from the Kursky station of the capital on a road that has become the way of fate for many Russian literary classics. Outside the window, the panorama of contemporary Moscow will become briefly visible, giving way to the majestic view of Serpukhov with its monasteries, and then to the bridge across the Oka River with the vast expanse of the surrounding landscape. Finally, the train will arrive in Tula, an ancient Russian city fanned by military and labor glory. Its unique world is eagerly awaiting tourists, with its ancient streets reminiscent of the bygone life of artisans. From the 16th century, Tula remains the forge of Russian arms. Here, you will get acquainted with the Tula Kremlin and weapon museum hosted there, the oldest one in the country. And naturally, there will be visits to the Museums of Gingerbread and of Samovars. A special and unforgettable page of this trip will be the visit to the old Kozlova Zaseka station, a unique example of a historically properly restored railway construction in Russia. Today, it looks just like during times of Leo Tolstoy. The station has a small railway museum. Five kilometers away
Moskovsko–Kurskaya and Moskovsko–Ryazanskaya railways
from Kozlova Zaseka is the world-famous estate of Yasnaya Polyana, by visiting which each traveler will be able to pay tribute to the great person as well as great Russian culture. A special impression will be left by the walk in the estate park, offering a chance for quiet meditation and carefree, relaxed stay. But now, the road is calling again! A powerful trill of the train whistle announces to the tourists that the retro train is about to depart to Ryazan. In the morning, you shall arrive in the glorious ancient Ryazan. You will be probably not able to withstand the charm of the wonderful city center with its temples, monastery, and monument to the great Russian poet Sergei Esenin. You will see the first layout of the Ryazan Kremlin, which was heroically withstood the invasion of the Mongol-Tatars. Then, you will transfer by bus to the village of Konstantinovo, home of S. A. Esenin. In addition to the impressions left by his parents’ home, the estate landowner Kashina, and the Literature Museum, incredible views of the Oka River from the height of the coastal hills will remain in your memory. Tourists will be starting their way back to Moscow from the Divovo station. S. A. Esenin would often travel by train to this station, and then walk on foot to Konstantinovo for 12 miles, as he had no money to pay cabbies demanding too much. A monument to the poet is standing at the station. In the evening, the train will arrive in Moscow at the Kazansky railway station.
Railroad construction for Kursk direction began in 1866. By accomplishing it, the First Minister of Railways, P. P. Melnikov proved the possibility of constructing railways in Russia only on state funds. It is truly a way of Russian writers: it was taken by A. P. Chekhov (the Lopasnya station was later renamed in his honor), L. N. Tolstoy, I. S. Turgenev, I. A. Bunin. This is also the most famous resort road in the country that goes to the Crimea and the Caucasus. Its large stations have locomotives put on pedestals. The Moskovsko-Ryazanskaya railway, built at the initiative of two prominent businessmen, K. F. von Meck (his wife, N. F. von Meck was a patron of the great composer P. I. Tchaikovsky), and P. G. von Derwies, is also famous for being the only part of Russian railways with left-hand traffic.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Yaroslavsky Railway Station (previously known as Severny [Northern]) was built in 1862, when the grand opening of Trinity Road, with prayer and champagne, took place. The road was nicknamed as pious by the Muscovites, because it led to St. Sergius Lavra. Following the extension of the road to Yaroslavl and Kostroma, and also because of expansive growth of factory and country homes construction near Moscow, capacities of the old station became clearly insufficient. A prominent businessman, S. I. Mamontov, involved in the design work for a fundamentally new station a very talented architect, F. O. Shechtel, who succeeded in creating a masterpiece of a new building for the Yaroslavsky railway station. It combines features of modern and ancient Russian styles. Through S. I. Mamontov’s efforts, an outstanding artist, K. A. Korovin, participated in the painting of the station. Unfortunately, not all design ideas were embodied at the station, but its façade is still reminiscent of the great times and grand ways of the Russian North.
Moscow–Vladimir–Suzdal– Kostroma–Yaroslavl Route 9 • 2 days, 1 night Early in the morning, surprising the Muscovites by a beautiful locomotive whistle, the retro train will depart from the Kursky railway station to Vladimir. Upon arrival, passengers will go to the ancient city of imperishable beauty and originality called Suzdal. A city tour will make you acquainted with its history, with the architecture of Suzdal’s Kremlin, the Krestovaja (“Cross”) Chamber and the Cathedral of the Nativity — the oldest surviving monuments in Suzdal’s gray antiquity. A lasting impression will be left by touring the Spaso-Evfimiev monastery-fortress. In the Spaso-Preobrazhensky (Transfiguration) Cathedral you shall see the frescoes of the great artists of the 17th century, Gury Nikitin and Sila Savin. The real event is a concert of bells. Equally unforgettable will become the panorama of the Pokrovsky Convent, the legendary place of lifelong imprisonment of women from Russian aristocratic families. After lunch, the group will return to Vladimir, an ancient Russian city, and the pearl of the Russian Golden Ring, founded in 1108. The tourists will always remember the wonderful panorama of the city on the hill with a lot of churches, and boundless expanse of Klyazma floodplain with monuments of 12th century, the Uspensky (“Assumption”) and Dmitrievsky Cathedrals. A typical street of the old provincial
town will lead you to its famous Golden Gate, and in old public offices you will see the local folklore exposition of “Russian House”. After dinner, you will depart by train to Kostroma. In the morning, there will be a bus tour of Kostroma, showcasing the round central square, nicknamed “frying pan” by the locals, with the ancient buildings of the last century and a fire watchtower; Art and Local History (formerly Romanovsky) museums; a unique, well-preserved Shopping Arcade; a gazebo of the writer A. N. Ostrovsky; a quiet Molochnaja Gora street, descending slowly to the Volga River, as if emerging from the plays of this great Russian playwright; and a wonderful Temple of the Resurrection-on-Debr. Definitely, there will be time for visiting the famous Russian sacred place, the Ipatiev monastery, with its architectural ensemble, chambers of the Romanov family, Trinity Church, and the museum of wooden architecture containing genuine old cottages and towers. After dinner, you will move to Yaroslavl and then transfer to a bus for a city tour and visit to the Spaso-Preobrazhensky (Holy Transfiguration) Monastery, Church of Elijah the Prophet, an art gallery in the Governor’s House, and the Museum of Icons in the Metropolitan’s Chambers. In the evening, you will depart to Moscow and arrive at the Yaroslavsky Railway Station.
The Road and the Glory of Mamontovs In the early 1860s, an entrepreneur, I. F. Mamontov, would repeatedly send his workers, and even his own children to Krestovskaya Zastava for counting pedestrians and carts going from Moscow to Trinity-Sergiev and back. Among those “statisticians” was the son of Mamontov, Savva Ivanovich (pictured), later nicknamed the Magnificent for his accomplishments in the areas of Russian culture and industry. According to the results of data gathered from those counts it was decided to invest in the construction of the railway from Moscow to the Trinity (1862), and then to Yaroslavl (1870). Thus began a glorious history of the future Moskovsko–Yaroslavsko–Arkhangelskaya (and later Northern) Railway, which, in the course of centuries, came to Vorkuta and marked the beginning of the Trans-Siberian Railway. This road is famous for its remarkable wooden architecture. As Savva the Magnificent used to say, “the railroad is not only a means of transportation, but also a means of enlightenment of the people.”
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Leningradsky Railway Station (previously known as Peterburgsky, Nicholaevsky, and Oktyabrsky) is one of the earliest surviving railway buildings in Russia. It was opened in 1851, together with the first Russian railroad between St. Petersburg and Moscow, and built by the design of the architect K. A. Ton. This station is an almost exact copy of the Moskovsky Railway Station in St. Petersburg. Initially, it was planned to build a station in the very heart of Moscow, but then, everyone agreed to put it at the empty Kalanchevskaya field. The building exhibits signs of statehood era of Nicholas I (with its characteristic turret and flagpole), as well as features of the Russian–Byzantine and Venetian styles. Its façade facing the square with the monument dedicated to the road builder P. P. Melnikov, symbolically embodies the glorious history of Russian railways. The station underwent massive reconstruction during the period of 1934–2012’s; an entirely new passenger room was built there, but its front portion remains unchanged.
Locomotive for Seliger: Moscow– Bologoye–Ostashkov–Torzhok Route 10 • 3 days, 2 nights Departing by an evening train from the Leningradsky Station of Moscow, after a few hours, at Bologoye station, the travelers will see clouds of steam billowing behind train windows, and hear the hot breath of an engine: a real steam engine would be attached to the train, and the retro voyage will start! The train will arrive at the Kuzhenkino station, an architectural monument of the early twentieth century. There will be a walking tour of “A Journey into the History of Chugunka”. You will see a unique architectural service complex: a sandy-surfaced platform station, a wooden house with mezzanine from the stories of A. P. Chekhov, residential quarters and a linear track building, a beautiful water tower, reminiscent of ancient Roman monument, and a kerosene cellar. Some lucky visitors even get to move the real manual railroad point. But soon, the whistle will call everyone back on voyage. In the morning, the train will arrive in Ostashkov. There will be a sightseeing bus tour of Ostashkov, the capital of Seliger region. The trip will definitely include a visit to the local history museum with its bell tower offering a beautiful view of the city. And then, there will be a great journey — a trip on Lake Seliger to the Stolbny island, where a functioning monastery, the Nilova Pystyn, is located, founded in 1594, which, in the early twentieth century, became the most visited holy
place in all Russia. The tourists will never forget the onion domes coming slowly into view from behind the coastal forests of the islands. There will be a picnic at the lake with the famous fish soup and special Seliger pastries, accompanied by Russian accordion music. Bus tour to the source of the Volga river will provide an opportunity to see where this great Russian river starts. In the evening, with everyone back on board, the train will go to Torzhok. As once recommended by the great Russian poet A. S. Pushkin, “you shall dine by Pozharsky in Torzhok, and taste the fried meatballs”. There is a good chance those meatballs would be served as breakfast. And then, there will be a tour of the city. Torzhok has over than 20 well-preserved churches, temples, cathedrals and monasteries. The most famous of them are the SpasoPreobrazhensky (Transfiguration) Cathedral as well as Borisoglebsky and Voskresensky monasteries. A walking tour on the embankment of the Tvertsa river is also included as mandatory part of the program. Then, in the village of Prutnya, you can visit the grave of A. P. Kern, the lady to whom the famous poem “I remember a wonderful moment” was dedicated by A. S. Pushkin. You will also create some lasting memories by touring the architectural and ethnographic open-air museum in the village of Vasilyevo. Of particular interest will be the Valunny or, as the locals call it, the Devil’s Bridge. After lunch, you will board the train, and very late in the evening, you shall arrive in Moscow at Rizhsky railway station.
Bologoye–Polotskaya is the most historically unique, miraculously preserved railway line in central Russia. Traveling it is interesting in every way, though, at first glance, it seems not so remarkable. However, its age creates a sense of some old historic charm. Regular traffic on this road was opened in 1907. Since then, its appearance was changed not as much as anywhere else in Russia. Here, you can see building complexes and travel stations built in the early 20th century in the same architectural style, and almost untouched by time. At railway stations and along the way there are monuments to World War II. On this line, semaphores and manual railway switch points from the middle of last century are still used, and platforms of some stations have kept their sandy surface. Shrouded in vast and endless forests, accompanied by the train whistle, a trip along this line will lull you into forgetting about living in the 21st century.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Veliky Ustyug is an ancient Russian city on the river Sukhona at the origins of the Northern Dvina River in the north-eastern edge of the Vologda region. It was first mentioned in sources around 1207. Over time, this famous jewel of the Russian North has unexpectedly become like a special extension of Moscow; it happened in 1999, when the Government of the capital began to
To the Homeland of Ded Moroz: Moscow–Veliky Ustyug
implement the project called “Veliky
Route 11 • 3 days, 3 nights
Ustyug is Homeland of Ded Moroz”. It is small wonder, then, that Ustyug is flooded with tourist trains in winter, at the pinnacle of the tourist time. But Ustyug is beautiful in any season. Today, it is one of the most unique cities in Russia, with its well-preserved ancient architectural appearance. The city completed restoration work and restored several temples of the two dozen churches in existence here. In addition to its antiquity and beauty of its landscape, Veliky Ustyug is well-known for its crafts, such as lace, carving on birch bark and blackened silver jewelry of the world famous works “The Northern Niello”.
The “Winter Express” awaits you at the Yaroslavsky Railway Station. It will carry its passengers all the way to meet Ded Moroz himself! On the road, the passengers will not be bored: they decorate a Christmas tree on the train, prepare gifts to the winter wizard, such as New Year pictures and Christmas wishes, and even write poems and songs. The next day, the express will reach Veliky Ustyug. But Ded Moroz (Grandpa Frost) will not yet meet the passengers by himself, he will send over his assistants. Those will take the dear guests on a tour — oh, this wonderful city has a lot to show! Here are an ancient settlement, the old merchants’ houses on Embankment Street, the ancient Sobornoye Dvorishshe, the Cathedral of St. Procopius the Righteous, and a beautiful white-stone church of the Assumption built in the 17th century. And after this marvelous trip, walking along the embankment of the Sukhona river
and trough the revived old merchant center, the guests and hosts will set the festive table together. And only then, after a meal, our dear guests will visit both urban and suburban residences of Ded Moroz. And wonderful craftswomen of Ustyug, all of them as pretty as a picture, will show you the basics of Vologda lacemaking, amazing Shemogodskaya bark carving and northern-style painting. Now, here is real fun with purpose!
The “Golden Eagle” train — a flight over rails Routes of the Trans-Siberian Railway Such a train trip, by the level of comfort and convenience provided, revives the tradition of the famous Orient Express from the beginning of the twentieth century, when the Trans-Siberian Railway was built and the trains began moving from Europe all the way to Asia. Most importantly, this unique tour will allow you to look at Russia through the train window, and at the same time introduces it with the help of tour guides at train stops. Be it the famous Kazan Kremlin with its Söyembikä Tower; Yekaterinburg, the capital of the Urals treasures and tragedies; the grand Ob River in Novosibirsk; or, finally, the pearl of Siberia, Lake Baikal, and the Mongolian steppe behind Hamar-Daban mountain range,— all this luxury will be unfolding before your very eyes as the ultra-comfortable train covers approximately one-sixth of the Earth territory. Everything shall culminate in Vladivostok, a city so far away and yet so close to the capital, thanks to the railway! In all the cities, very interesting excursions are awaiting you, while the railway journey itself represents the highest level of comfort and service. Even the ambiance of this road, so endless and quite inexhaustible for impressions and landscapes along the way, so rough yet so gentle, will remain a treasured memory for each passenger of the “Golden Eagle”.
The Trans-Siberian Railway, known as the Great Siberian Way, or, briefly, Transsib, is the longest railway in the world. In Moscow, on the Yaroslavsky station, stands a memorial, which is an exact replica of a cast iron milepost from the beginning of the twentieth century, with the numbers “0” and “9298”, indicating the beginning (zero) kilometer of the road, and its length. The Trans-Siberian Railway runs through two continents and seven time zones, connecting 87 cities in Russia. Its main part was built from 1891 to 1916. Approaching Lake Baikal from the east and from Moscow, the railway connects at the most difficult and most beautiful place — the Circum-Baikal area, called the “Golden Buckle”. Historically, several parallel paths of this road have been developed, and this is why trains depart from Moscow to the Transsib also from Kursky Station, via Vladimir, and from Kazansky Station, via Kazan and Chelyabinsk.
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Independent travel High Speed Trains Getting to St. Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod, as well as to many other remote cities, you may favor night trains. If you wish to save travel time, take advantage of “Sapsan” high-speed trains which will take you there in 4 hours. Get more information about this and purchase your tickets at www.rzd.ru
Siemens Velaro RUS train
Kursky Railway Station
Nizhny Novgorod Dzerzhinsk
Leningradsky Railway Station
Luxury Trains If you care for comfort, consider taking luxury trains, which include Compartment, sleeper and VIP cars. In terms of comfort, these trains are up to a par with many modern prestigious hotels. More on www.rzd.ru
Long distance trains Departing from Moscow to some distant cities, most likely you will use longdistance trains. Here, passengers may choose from luxury cars and the most common compartments for 2 or 4 people, as well as open-plane wagons. In all classes, bed linens and hot tea are offered. Most trains include a dining car as well. You may obtain your tickets at the ticket offices, at station terminals, or online at www.rzd.ru
Long distance trains connect Moscow with a lot of cities from Paris to Beijing, and the time spent on the road can be up to one full week.
Express trains To reach several cities located within 200 km from Moscow, you would probably want to choose the fast express trains. Without extra stops, you can get to many major cities and centers of adjacent areas within three hours. See schedules on website www.rzd.ru, www.rex-express.ru Torzhok
Moscow Railway Stations: 1. Leningradsky 2. Rizhsky 3. Savyolovsky 4. Yaroslavsky 5. Kazansky 6. Paveletsky 7. Kievsky 8. Belorussky 9. Kursky
Bolshaya Rostov Volga Chismena Klin Аlexandrov Dmitrov Podsolnechnaya (Solnechnogorsk) Sergiev Posad Kryukovo (Zelenograd) 2 3 1 4 Petushki Gagarin Vyazma Vladimir 8 9 Mozhaisk 7 6 5 88 km (Voskresensk) Balabanovo Golutvin (Kolomna) Obninskoe Serpukhov Lukhovitsy Kashira Maloyaroslavets Tarusskaya Rybnoye Kaluga
For the nearest departure time of the Aeroexpresses, send the following SMS from your mobile phone to the number 3115: «ae v» — for Vnukovo «ae s» — for Sheremetyevo, «ae d» — for Domodedovo
Do not risk being late for your plane by getting stuck in a traffic jam on a taxi cab — use high-speed trains “Aeroexpress” to all three airports in Moscow: Belorussky Station to Sheremetyevo Airport, Kievsky Station to Vnukovo Airport, and Paveletsky Station to Domodedovo Airport. Express trains are departing every hour; their travel time is about 35–45 minutes. The airport trains have their own entrances at every train station. For schedule updates and additional services, visit the site www.aeroexpress.ru
MOSCOW • RAILWAY TRIPS
Helpful Information Technical Museums Museum of the Moscow State Technical University named after N. E. Bauman 2nd Baumanskaya st., 5, building 1, Metro “Baumanskaya”. Tel.: +7 (499) 263-63-86. Mon.-Fri. from 10:00 to 17:00. By appointment only. www.museum.ru/M1743
Polytechnical Museum Novaya Ploshshad’, 3/4, entrance number 1, metro “Lubyanka”, “Kitay Gorod”. Tel.: +7 (495) 625-06-14. Tue.–Sun. from 10:00 to 18:00 (admission until 17:00), except the last Friday of the month. www.polymus.ru Railroad Museum of the Moscow Railway Kozhevnicheskaya Street, 2, Metro “Paveletskaya”. Tel.: +7 (499) 623-39-78. Wed.–Sat. from 10:00 to 19:00; Sun. from 10:00 to 17:45. Entrance only with a guided tour. Museum of Railway Equipment at Rizhsky Station of the Moscow Railway Rizhsky Station Square, 1, Metro “Rizhskaya”. Tel.: +7 (499) 266-82-08, 266-82-21. Wed.–Sun. from 10:00 to 16:00. More information about the museums of Moscow Railways at www.mzd.rzd.ru
National Museum of Wagon Depot “Moskva” of the North-West Branch of JSC “Federal Passenger Company” Komsomolskaya Square., 3/32, Metro “Komsomolskaya”, entrance from the side of the building with a wheel-and-roller production facility of the depot. Tel.: +7 (499) 260-27-48. Mon. from 11:00 to 15:00. By preliminary appointment only. www.museum.ru/M1736 National Museum of the Moscow Metro History Khamovnichesky Val Street, 36, Metro “Sportivnaya”, the south vestibule. Tel.: +7 (495) 622-73-09. Mon. from 10:00 to 16:30; Tue.–Thu. from 9:00 to 16:30; Fri. from 9:00 to 15:00; except the last Monday of each month. Advanced registration necessary for tours. www.museum.ru/M375 www.mosmetro.ru/about/history/museum/
The Operators of Tours on Railway Transport GC “Project Retro Train.” Tel.: +7 (495) 608-01-58. www.retropoezd.ru “Otechestvo” Travel Company Tel.: +7 (495) 518-36-42. www.homeland-tour.ru GC “The Trans-Siberian Express.” Tel.: +7 (495) 680-33-32, 266-57-64. www.transsib-express.ru LLC “SBE “Orpheus” Tel.: +7 (495) 925-51-25. www.orfey.net JSC “Ded Moroz”. Tel.: +7 (81738) 2-66-73, 2-23-04. www.oao-dedmoroz.ru