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Adventures with Nature


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Contents Map of Malaysia

4

Introduction

6

Jungle Trekking

9

Mountain Climbing

15

Rock Climbing

19

Cave Exploration

23

River Cruising

29


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White-water Rafting

33

Mountain Biking

37

Bird Watching

41

Useful Contacts

45

Malaysia at a Glance

46

Tourism Malaysia Offices

47


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Tanjung Datu National Park

Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Tanjung Leman

Tanjung Kupang

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Bay of Bengal

Mountain / hill

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

(map is not drawn to scale)

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Adventure and Nature Lovers’ Paradise Since ancient times, adventurers and explorers have come to Malaysian shores, attracted by its diverse natural wealth and embraced by its gentle people. Today, Malaysia is known around the world as a destination for a host of nature-based activities and ecotourism. From challenging rock climbing or crossjungle trekking at different mountain zones to wild rafting in frothing rivers, or diving in calm seas to parasailing in the multihued skies – it’s all here. More than half of Malaysia’s 329,758 sq km surface is covered by tropical rainforests that host a bewildering array of

formations such as Mulu Caves. Even

exotic and protected plants and animals.

Taman Negara, the world’s oldest

There are treasures such as rare species of

rainforest, estimated at 130 million years

flora and fauna found only at Mount

old can be found here.

Kinabalu or wondrous geological

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Malaysia offers varied experiences to satisfy the adventure and nature lovers’ quest. There is an exciting choice of activities for all ages and groups - from amateurs and families to the serious enthusiasts and professionals.

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The country is becoming increasingly popular as a venue for international nature-based competitions. Even international adventure-themed reality shows or films have found their perfect locations in Malaysia. Adventure and nature are all here in the tropical kingdom of Malaysia. Come and enjoy it to the fullest.

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Jungle Trekking

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JUNGLE DISCOVERIES With its glorious vistas, verdant undulating terrain and varied tropical landscapes, Malaysia’s beautiful rainforests offer vast possibilities for trekking and camping. The country’s extensive array of national parks

For the uninitiated, having a trained local

and wildlife reserves are ideal for

guide is necessary to ensure safety and to

communing with nature and discovering

learn about the amazing and precious

her secrets.

diversity of flora and fauna in the ecosystem. Tropical rainforests are dense,

From the primordial rainforest of Taman

and the thick vegetation provides

Negara to the wildlife sanctuaries at

camouflage for the jungle denizens. It

Danum Valley and the Kinabatangan

takes patience and a trained eye to see

floodplains, some of Asia’s well-preserved

them.

environments offer nature lovers a wealth

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of experience.

DIVERSITY OF ENVIRONMENT

While amateurs may try Malaysia’s many

Swampy mangroves, extensive river

easily accessible recreational forests near

floodplains, dipterocarp rainforests and

urban centres, seasoned explorers can go

montane hillscapes are among the varied

for challenging week-long treks up

environments that can exist even within

mountains such as Gunung Tahan, the

trekking distance of each other. Each

tallest peak in Peninsular Malaysia.

possesses its own ecosystem and wildlife.


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The tidal mangrove forests act as vital

Further up the hills and mountain slopes,

buffers against coastal erosion as well as

montane forest environments take over

protective breeding and nursery zones for

with their cooler ambience and presenting

numerous fish and aquatic species.

spectacular views that are well worth the

There are mangrove belts along most of

trek.

Peninsular Malaysia’s west coast as well as in Sabah and Sarawak. Some, such as in

Jungle trekking can take an hour or more

Kuala Selangor Nature Park, have

and, with camping, as many days as

boardwalks for the safety and convenience

desired. Among the best periods to go

of visitors.

trekking in Peninsular Malaysia is in the ‘dry season’ from March to September

The most common type of rainforest is the

when the rainfall is less. In Sabah and

dipterocarp forest. It is one of nature’s

Sarawak the ‘wet season’ is from July to

most complex ecosystems, a habitat for

October.

thousands of plant species ranging from tiny lichens to exotic palms, ferns and vines

In many areas, jungle trekking can be

and huge trees rising well over 50m to the

combined with other interesting activities

heavens. Each has its own role in the

such as river expeditions.

jungle’s cycle of life.

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SITES FOR NATURE AND RAINFOREST ADVENTURES • Royal Belum

Perak

Mixed dipterocarp forest

• Kuala Selangor Nature Park

Selangor

Mangrove forest

• Templer Park

Selangor

Mountain forest

• Ulu Bendol

Negeri Sembilan Mountain forest

• Endau-Rompin National Park

Johor

Lowland rainforest

• Gunung Ledang

Johor

Highland rainforest

• Cameron Highlands

Pahang

Highland and mountain rainforest

• Taman Negara

Pahang

Lowland and hill rainforest

• Tasik Chini

Pahang

Freshwater swamp forest

• Tasik Bera

Pahang

Freshwater swamp forest

• Genting Highlands

Pahang

Highland rainforest

• Fraser’s Hill

Pahang

Highland rainforest

• Tasik Kenyir

Terengganu

Freshwater swamp forest

• Danum Valley

Sabah

Highland and mountain forest

• Kinabalu Park

Sabah

Highland and mountain forest

• Kinabatangan Floodplain

Sabah

Freshwater swamp forest

• Gunung Emas

Sabah

Highland rainforest

• Bako National Park

Sarawak

Mangrove and mixed forest

• Lambir National Park

Sarawak

Lowland rainforest

• Mulu National Park

Sarawak

Hill rainforest and limestone pinnacles

• Niah National Park

Sarawak

Lowland rainforest

TREASURES AND SENSES OF THE RAINFOREST

Endau-Rompin in Johor is a rare milieu of lowland and mountain forests, which is home

Malaysia’s primeval and unexplored

to the largest population of endangered

rainforests offer intrepid trekkers great

animals in the country. The Sumatran

opportunities to observe tropical flora and fauna.

rhinoceros, tigers and elephants are among the

The wilds of Malaysia overflow with fantastic plant

protected species in Endau-Rompin.

and animal diversity that can be found in the competitive conditions of the ecosystem. Many

Generally, most rainforest animals are shy or

species are exotic, rare or even endemic to the

camouflage themselves to avoid

particular region and are protected.

predators or to hunt. ‘Bumbun’ or tower hides and canopy walks, such as at Taman Negara, aid those searching to spot the inhabitants.

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RAINFOREST ADVENTURE TIPS

Take the time to spot the many insects and butterflies flitting about in the forests of

1. Find out about the trail and surroundings, be sure that you have enough time to complete the entire route before darkness falls. Do not stray off the path to chase after animals. 2. Use good judgment regarding the fitness level required for the trek, and know your

Peninsula Malaysia. Marvel at the pendulous nose of the proboscis monkeys found at Sukau in Sabah and Bako in Sarawak. Listen to the swooshing wingbeats of colourful hornbills in the vales of Sarawak or the call of gibbons echoing at dawn in Danum Valley in Sabah.

physical limits. 3. Always inform the park officials or let someone know of your plans and destination for the day, especially if going alone. 4. Take plenty of water and pack a few easy to eat snacks to keep energy level up. Unless trekking with a local guide, it is not

Besides wildlife, the natural terrain features cool rivers to ford across and enchanting waterfalls to splash around amidst the natural surroundings. A visit to the rainforest requires the full use of one’s senses to discover all its features and creatures.

advisable to eat jungle fruit or drink from any water source. 5. In the highlands try to trek on the ridge

Part of the adventure is to discover how they all fit together.

tops to save energy traversing the steep slopes and to catch a cool breeze.

CAMPING

6. Be as quiet as possible to avoid scaring any wildlife. Getting an early start during the dawn provides the best chance to sight animals seeking food and the warmth of the early morning sun. 7. Wear thin, loose, preferably cotton clothing to remain comfortable. 8. Cover arms and legs with long trousers and long-sleeved shirts to ward off mosquitoes and to provide protection against thorny plants.

Most national parks in Malaysia provide camping sites. There are also many mountain and beach sites which are suitable for camping. In picking a camping site, always take note of the weather conditions. The rainy or monsoon season during December to February renders some camping sites along the river trails of Taman Negara inaccessible. Always check with relevant park authorities first.

9. Wear leech socks or long socks to prevent leeches from finding an entry way. 10. Choose sturdy footwear with proper ankle support and good traction. 11. Be prepared for sudden rain showers by carrying a poncho that wraps over both body and your carrying pack to keep everything dry. 12. A wide brimmed hat helps to shade a trekker from the heat of the tropical sun.

The lower altitudes of primary jungles like Taman Negara and Kenong Rimba Park in Pahang; Endau Rompin in Johor; Mulu and Lambir National Parks in Sarawak are humid, so your choice of tents should allow for good ventilation. All-enclosed nylon tents with sewn-in groundsheets are not recommended as they tend to condense air inside. Cotton tents get heavy after absorbing water.

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When camping on high altitude locations

Cherating in Pahang and Tunku Abdul

such as Gunung Jerai in Kedah; Gunung

Rahman Park in Sabah. A hammock or

Korbu in Perak; Gunung Tapis and Gunung

sleeping bag may do very well.

Tahan in Pahang, choose a site sheltered from the wind and avoid the higher peaks

Although most of the national parks and

when thunderstorms occur. A self-contained

private tourist facilities furnish and rent

tent with aluminium poles and stakes is

out camping gear, it may be wiser to bring

best for mountain camping.

along basic camping necessities.

Only a basic set up is needed when

Remember to check on restrictions which

camping at the marine parks or beaches in

may apply due to ecological or other

the country, such as Pulau Payar in Kedah;

reasons. If unsure, contact the park

Port Dickson in Negeri Sembilan; Pulau

authorities.

Redang in Terengganu; Pulau Tioman and OTHER CAMPING SITES IN MALAYSIA

CAMPING TIPS

• Gunung Jerai - Kedah

Whether camping in the damp rainforests,

• Pulau Payar Marine Park - Kedah

on sunny beaches or atop mountain peaks,

• Gunung Korbu Park - Perak • Port Dickson beaches - Negeri Sembilan

there are a few easy environmental tips to keep in mind to protect and preserve Malaysia’s campsites.

• Mersing Marine Park - Johor • Redang Marine Park - Terengganu

• Never cut down vegetation in order to

• Kenong Rimba Park - Pahang

make way for a campsite

• Gunung Tahan - Pahang

• Always choose a clear campsite free of

• Gunung Tangga Lima Belas - Pahang

debris and away from rotting trees

• Tioman Marine Park - Pahang • Cherating beach - Pahang

• Nights in the rainforests may get cooler than expected so bring along a waterproof jacket to keep you warm as well as provide

• Gunung Tapis - Pahang

protection from the rain

• Gunung Alab - Sabah

• During rainy periods, do not camp too

• Tuanku Abdul Rahman Park, Sabah

near a river or at low areas

• National Parks around Kuching area

• Whenever possible, try to avoid

(lowland and hill forests) - Sarawak

overusing popular camping areas and select an alternative location in order to minimise soil disturbance • Bring along reusable plastic cups and plates • Rubbish is to be collected and carried away when you leave, not simply buried

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Mountain Climbing

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MOUNTAIN CLIMBING Climbing up mountains is a wonderful way

trips take several hours to a day to

to discover the diversity and uniqueness of

complete. These are easily accessible and

Malaysia’s natural landscape, starting from

guides are not compulsory. Gunung

the tropical rainforest in the lowlands to

Berembun and Gunung Brinchang in the

the mountain vegetation in the high

Cameron Highlands offer sweeping views of

elevations. River crossings and gushing

tea and vegetable plantations and are ideal

waterfalls along the way add to the

for those who prefer light trekking. The

adventure.

latter at 2032m is the highest point that can be reached by road in Peninsular Malaysia.

From easier walks in the cool comfort of Peninsular Malaysia’s Main Range to the

Those who want more than a leisure

more challenging peaks of Malaysian

outing can choose a summit that requires a

Borneo, there are mountains to tempt

journey through the wilderness first.

every level of climber. Be it high or low,

Gunung Gagau in Taman Negara is a day’s

with each ascent you make, you will be

climb, but to reach the base you need to

rewarded with awe-inspiring sights and

traverse lake, river and jungle and throw in a

discoveries that will expand your mind.

cave or two along the way before the peak rewards you with a view of three states.

MOUNTAINS IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA For a bigger challenge, head to Gunung The peninsula has a range of scenic

Tahan, the highest point in the peninsula.

accessible heights as well as steep

The 130km return journey takes up to eight

shrouded mountains.

days and traverses over rainforests, tricky rivers and mountain ridges in the unspoilt

For starters, there are less arduous climbs

heart of Taman Negara. It is compulsory to

with well-marked trails at popular sites

hire an experienced guide.

such as the legendary Gunung Ledang in Johor, historic Gunung Jerai in Kedah or Gunung Angsi in Negeri Sembilan where

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MOUNTAINS IN SABAH AND SARAWAK

Most other mountains can be reached in two days as long as you are fit enough to

Some of the world’s most unique mountain

tackle any steep terrain.

environments can be found in Malaysian Borneo.

In Sarawak, Gunung Santubong is one of the most popular mountains with its

Gunung Kinabalu, one of the highest

spectacular view of Kuching. Guides will be

peaks in Southeast Asia at 4095.2m is located

needed on the tough trek to Gunung

in the World Heritage Site of Kinabalu

Penrissen, but the 1329m vertical scramble

Park, Sabah. Accessible to all trekkers, the

to the top can be completed in a day or

Summit Trail leading to Low’s Peak has

two.

clear paths and ropes at steep, rocky sections. Exotic plant life found only in the

The long uphill trek to the sandstone

area such as the Necklace Orchid can be

summit of famed Gunung Mulu takes four

seen on the climb.

days and passes through primary jungle, with swampy patches and huge clumps of

Nearby Gunung Trusmadi is a more

colourful rhododendrons before the white

adventurous week-long trail through

clouds disperse to reveal the massive

mossy forest, steep hills and rain-swollen

limestone outcropping of Gunung Api just

rivers. The summit will reward you with

across the valley.

one of the best views of Gunung Kinabalu and a chance to see the remarkably large and rare pitcher plants found only on the ridges of Trusmadi.

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MOUNTAIN CLIMBING TIPS While many mountains, especially those located in the national parks, have overnight camping facilities and provide some equipment for rental, it is always wise to plan ahead and make enquiries for bookings, weather conditions and other current information. Some remote or protected sites may even require special permits from the authorities It is best to hire a guide for the trip, unless the CLIMBING SITES IN MALAYSIA

trail is well marked. Besides guiding you to the best campsites and rest spots, local guides

• Bukit Bendera (Penang Hill)

821m

Penang

• Gunung Jerai

1217m

Kedah

• Gunung Korbu

2183m

Perak

• Gunung Bubu

1568m

Perak

• Gunung Angsi

825m

Negeri Sembilan

The exertion of carrying a heavy pack is

• Gunung Ledang

1276m

Johor

compounded by the altitude, so it is always

• Gunung Belumut

1010m

Johor

best to choose to climb mountains within your

• Gunung Tahan

2187m

Taman Negara, Pahang

ability. Do not overload yourself with camping

• Gunung Gagau

1376m

Taman Negara, Pahang

equipment. As a rough guide, the weight of

• Gunung Brinchang

2032m

Cameron Highlands, Pahang

your pack should not be more than a quarter

• Gunung Berembun

2075m

Cameron Highlands, Pahang

of your body weight, the lighter the better for

• Gunung Jasar

1696m

Cameron Highlands, Pahang

• Gunung Perdah

1529m

Cameron Highlands, Pahang

• Gunung Stong

1422m

Kelantan

• Gunung Chamah

2171m

Kelantan

• Gunung Silam

883m

Lahad Datu, Sabah

• Gunung Lotong

1667m

Maliau Basin, Sabah

elements

• Gunung Kinabalu

4095.2m

Kinabalu Park, Sabah

• A hat with a wide brim against intense

• Gunung Tambuyukon

2580m

Kinabalu Park, Sabah

sunshine and light rain

• Gunung Trusmadi

2643m

Sabah

• A poncho or rain cape

• Tama Abu

2113m

Kelabit Highlands, Sarawak

• A pair of gloves and a balaclava will help

• Bukit Batu Buli

2082m

Kelabit Highlands, Sarawak

protect you from cold summit winds

• Bukit Batu Lawi

2046m

Kelabit Highlands, Sarawak

• Wear roomy lightweight jungle boots with

• Bukit Batu

2092m

Sarawak

good ankle supports and a deep-ridged sole,

• Gunung Penrissen

1329m

Sarawak

• Gunung Santubong

810m

Sarawak

• Bukit Batu Iran

2018m

Sarawak

• Gunung Mulu

2376m

Mulu National Park, Sarawak

know the natural history and folklore of the area and are invaluable when plans change and alternative routes need to be taken.

longer journeys. CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT ADVISORY • Comfortable long-sleeved shirts and pants for protection from leech bites, abrasions and the

and wear two pairs of socks to prevent blisters • A comfortable rucksack with padded shoulder straps, hip belt and internal frame is a must • A map and compass for navigating jungle trails; under some dense jungle canopies the sun might not be clearly seen • A whistle is a useful tool for attracting attention and signaling others • A basic first aid kit for the treatment of abrasions, insect bites and wounds • Extra batteries for your torchlight; candles and matches

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Rock Climbing

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ROCK CLIMBING Rock climbing enthusiasts will enjoy

enjoyed, potentially hundreds more are

conquering Malaysia’s rock faces and cliffs,

waiting to be found. Much of Malaysia is

of which there are many to choose from

still covered in dense rainforests, hiding

around the varied landscape. Limestone

many good rock climbing sites.

outcrops dot many areas of Peninsular Malaysia with limestone crags and

The most popular climbing sites are still

sandstone mountains in Sarawak and

near or around Kuala Lumpur and

some big alpine granite walls in Sabah.

Selangor state, namely the famous Batu

Other mountainous areas have various

Caves and Bukit Takun to the city’s north.

rock faces waiting to be discovered.

Huge potential lies further north and east, in the states of Perak (around the scenic

Rock climbing as a publicly accessible sport

limestones of Ipoh and beyond), Perlis,

is relatively new in Malaysia, nevertheless,

Kelantan and Pahang where hundreds of

there is a small local community of

limestone crags await exploration. With a

aficionados. Thus, there are still many

few well known exceptions such as Gunung

potential climbing venues to be explored.

Kinabalu in Sabah and Gunung Mulu in

The same goes for rock climbing’s sister

Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo offers

sport activity, abseiling or rappelling.

enormous untapped opportunities for rock climbing.

ROCK CLIMBING SITES IN MALAYSIA Most of the known climbing routes in Malaysia has it all: from small limestone

Malaysia are bolted sport climbs on

hills and crags to mountains with

limestone crags, with some exceptions on

sandstone or granite walls, and with all

granite walls. The French grading system is

levels of difficulty. While an increasing

commonly used here.

number of sites are being discovered and

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Indoor climbing gyms are increasingly

As many sites involve some trekking

popular, either at government youth and

beforehand, wear light attire and good

sports complex facilities or private

hiking shoes. Bring a change of clothes in

operators.

case it rains. Some local tour operators organise rock climbing expeditions

WEATHER AND EQUIPMENT

throughout the country.

The tropical weather is hot and humid all year long, making climbing possible anytime of year. While the normal monsoon season especially on the peninsula’s East Coast is from December to February, rains elsewhere are less predictable and in any case usually fall later in the day. Rock faces, especially limestone, dry fairly quickly even after torrential storms. Climbers used to moderate climates should be prepared for the high heat and humidity here. In Malaysia, standard ascents use ropes, harnesses, belay devices (ATC) and karabiners for protection. For abseiling from the top of the face, individuals control their own rate of descent using the figure of eight and suspended by a controlled safety line. Other necessary items are sun block, insect repellent and plenty of water.

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LIST OF POPULAR ROCK SITES AND INDOOR CLIMBING GYMS JOHOR • Air Papan Beach, Mersing • Pulau Pemanggil, off Mersing coast KEDAH • Gunung Kerbau, Alor Setar • Gunung Keriang, Alor Setar KELANTAN • Cattle Ranch, Gua Musang • Ethnobotany Camp, Gua Musang KUALA LUMPUR AND SELANGOR • Batu Caves, Selangor • Bukit Takun, Templer Park, Selangor • Kramat Valley, Kuala Lumpur • Boulderwall SS3, Kuala Lumpur • Camp 5, Kuala Lumpur NEGERI SEMBILAN • Gemas Rock Face, Gemas • Kampung Keru, Tampin • Tebong Palm Oil Estate, Tampin

PAHANG • Teluk Cempedak Beach, Kuantan • Petronas Highway Stop, Bentong • Dragon, Kampung Mukut, Pulau Tioman • Genting Beach, Pulau Tioman • Kampung Juara, Pulau Tioman • Nazri’s Place Beach, Pulau Tioman PENANG • In front of Beach Cafe, Batu Feringghi • Jesselton Heights, Penang • Penang Hill, Air Itam • Jerejak Spa Resort, Jerejak Island, Penang PERAK • Lost World of Tambun, Ipoh • Gua Cheroh, Ipoh • Various other limestone hills and cave sites around Ipoh PERLIS • Gua Kelam, Padang Besar SABAH • Gunung Kinabalu SARAWAK • Batman Wall, Bau, Kuching • Gunung Mulu / Mulu Caves, Miri

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Cave Exploration

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CAVE EXPLORATION Caving or spelunking enjoys a good

Caves come in various levels of accessibility.

following in Malaysia. The country is

Some caves even have walkways to ease

endowed with vast numbers of limestone

your touring, while others require visitors

caves, including a World Heritage Site.

to rough it out and crawl on all fours.

They are home to amazing wildlife such as fruit bats, birds with edible nests or

CAVES OF MALAYSIA

attractive stalagmites and stalactites. In the Malay language, cave is ‘gua’, with Many are surrounded in mystery and

the majority being limestone and are

legends. Archaeological research has found

above ground level. In the peninsula, the

evidence of early man in many of these

list features Gua Kelam in Perlis, Gua

cave sites.

Tempurung and Kundu in Perak, scattered historic caves around Lake Kenyir in

Although major expeditions have been

Terengganu and Gua Ikan in Kuala Krai,

carried, many caves are still not fully

Kelantan. Famous caves in Sarawak include

explored and remain an alluring adventure

Niah and Mulu as well as Fairy Cave at Bau.

for the nature explorer. Repeat visitors

Gua Gomantong, where bird’s nests are

marvel at how a cave can change within

collected, is the most well known cave in

months as the naturally wet Malaysian

Sabah

weather promotes faster stalagmite and stalactite formation.

Underwater or river caves can be found in the Kinta Valley, making up less than ten

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per cent of local caves - and are to be

LIST OF MALAYSIAN CAVES

avoided during rainy periods. There are also dolomite and sandstone caves

• Gua Kelam, Perlis

scattered around the country.

• Gua Tempurung, Kampar, Perak • Gua Kundu, Gopeng, Perak

Caves can be divided into two categories:

• Gua Harimau, Perak

adventure and show caves. Adventure

• Batu Caves, Selangor

caves such as Drunken Forest Cave and

• Gua Ikan, Kuala Krai, Kelantan

Legan’s Cave in Gunung Api, Sarawak

• Gua Taat and Gua Bewah at Tasik Kenyir,

remain close to their natural state. Show caves such as Deer, Lang and Clear Water Caves in Mulu National Park are those that

Terengganu • Gua Telinga, Gua Daun Menari and Gua Luas, Taman Negara, Pahang

are equiped for public visit, with lights as

• Gua Gomantong, Sandakan, Sabah

well as clearly marked paths and

• Fairy Cave, Wind Cave and Jambusan

explanatory notes.

Cave, Bau, Sarawak • Great Cave and Painted Cave, Niah

CAVE ATTRACTIONS

National Park, Sarawak • Sarawak Chamber, Deer Cave,

Malaysian caves are home to many exotic

Green Cave, Clear Water Cave,

creatures. Notable are the blind catfish of

Moon Cave and Turtle Cave, Mulu

Loagan’s Cave and the Trapdoor Spider of

National Park, Sarawak

Batu Caves.

• Gua Madai, Lahad Datu, Sabah

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Gua Gomantong near Sandakan, Sabah,

world’s largest cave passage and at 108km,

houses thousands of swifts in the two large

Clearwater Cave is the longest cave in Asia.

caverns, which produce birds’ nests, an

An estimated four million bats live in this

exotic Chinese delicacy.

cave system.

The skeleton of a big cat fossilised in the

GOING CAVING

roof of Gua Harimau in Kinta Valley makes an intriguing sight. Perak is also famous

There are seasoned cavers who will be

for its cave temples, the most well known

willing to act as guides. They may be

are Perak Tong and Sam Poh Tong, which

contacted through the Malaysian Nature

contain many Buddha statues and religious

Society and adventure clubs or operators.

cave murals. The Hindu cave temple in Batu Caves have shrines to the Hindu

Most caving expeditions are day trips

deities and is the site for the colourful

although a visitor can choose to stay

religious festival of Thaipusam.

overnight. No overnight camping is allowed within most caves but room

The Painted Cave in Gua Niah in Sarawak

accommodation is usually available around

has walls displaying unique prehistoric

most cave districts.

paintings including boats that point to early man’s local civilisation. Its chambers have hundreds of fascinating formations. The Mulu Caves in Sarawak has some of the biggest and longest networks of caves in the world. Although 195 kilometres of cave passages have already been surveyed, these represent just 30% of the estimated total. Here the Sarawak Chamber, 600m by 415m and 80m high, is the largest known cave chamber in the world. The Deer Cave measuring 120 to 150m in diameter is the

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Caving is normally done in the relatively dry season from March to October, but be prepared for rain anytime. Permits may be required when exploring some caves. These are available from the respective state forestry departments and cost from RM10 to RM40. Tropical caves are not as damp as those in Europe and the Americas but they are chilly at times especially during storms and heavy rain. A light jacket is recommended. As with all nature adventures, conservation of stalagmites, stalactites and all cave wildlife are of utmost importance. In caves with known inhabitants, avoid flash photography as the light frightens the cave-dwelling life forms. Note the possibility of encountering potentially dangerous creatures around caves such as snakes or scorpions.

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CAVING - PRACTICAL TIPS 1. Always take a reliable guide, who can be hired from the national parks or from caving clubs. Many of Malaysia’s caves are unmapped and not even an experienced caver should go exploring alone. Groups of four are optimum. 2. Although some operators offer cave diving, it is a highly specialised sport and should only be undertaken by professional divers and cavers. 3. Always check equipment before venturing into a cave especially when abseiling. 4. Experienced cavers recommend a maximum of eight hours in a cave at a stretch but most caves take less than three hours to explore. 5. Plan how much lighting you will need. One kilogramme of carbide will give enough illumination for approximately six to eight hours. 6. Cavers should always carry back-up torches and extra batteries. 7. Heart patients and those suffering from claustrophobia should limit themselves to show caves where guides take in groups of 20 to 40 people. Cavers should be free from allergies related to limestone and bat guano.

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River Cruising

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RIVER CRUISING

day, mid-evening or night depending on the type of fauna targetted for viewing.

For nature lovers who wish to experience wildlife adventure as an alternative to

‘Sungai’ is the Malaysian word for river,

trekking, river cruising is the perfect

and one of the more established sites for

choice. In Malaysia, there are many rivers

cruising is Taman Negara in Pahang. The

and mangrove areas where wildlife

approximately 2-hour upriver cruise from

viewing is possible from the water. Riverine

the Tembeling Jetty to Kuala Tahan offers

and mangrove habitats are home to large

nature lovers the opportunity to observe

amounts of indigenous flora and fauna;

wildlife such as monkeys, monitor lizards,

and by nature many animals are drawn to

kingfishers as well as buffaloes along the

water sources for drinking and cooling.

banks. The park is home to more than 14,000 species of flora.

Whether for serious exploring or just a leisurely outing, a river cruise is an escape

Sungai Kilim on Langkawi Island is where

to another world. Glide beneath large

tree crabs, iguanas and macaques are seen

overhanging trees with the rustle of

among the trees and mangroves. A

animals, the call of birds and look out for

thrilling highlight is watching the eagles

creatures below the surface. Be rewarded

swoop down on the feed thrown into the

with scenic hill views or spectacular

water.

limestone formations on the way, and end the cruise at a waterside stop for a meal

Sungai Selangor, just two hours from Kuala

amidst the splendour of nature.

Lumpur, is famous for its firefly colonies that flicker together like festival lights.

WILDLIFE CRUISING AROUND MALAYSIA

A similar fireflies cruise is found in the Santubong area in Sarawak and Kampung

There are navigable rivers in all parts of

Ibok in Terengganu.

Malaysia as well as swampy mangroves

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along much of the coasts. The most

In Sarawak, there are also riverine or

suitable for wildlife exploration are those

coastal cruises outside Kuching where one

with calmer waters where the observer can

can watch crocodiles along the riverbanks

look out patiently with binoculars and

or venture a little further out of the

cameras ready. Cruises can be early in the

estuaries to see dolphins.


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Borneo, with its dense jungles and sparse

river cruise in this mangrove forest reserve

population, is home to an amazing variety

and watch out for feeding primates. As

of wildlife. River cruising on the

night falls, you might catch a glimpse of

Kinabatangan in Sabah, one of the longest

beautiful lights displays as fireflies

rivers in Borneo offers some of the best

converge at riverbank trees near the jetty.

opportunities to observe Bornean fauna. Of specific interest is the rich primate

The Sukau river village area is located on

family; this is one of only two areas in Asia

the boundary of an important

with 10 primate species. These include

protected area in Sabah, the

those endemic to Borneo such as the

Kinabatangan Wildlife

proboscis monkey, maroon langur and the

Sanctuary.

Bornean gibbon. Klias Wetlands is home to the unique Proboscis Monkeys, Long-tailed Macaques, Silver Languor Monkeys as well as a host of birds and riverine creatures. Sign up for a

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As a protected wetland site in Sabah, Kinabatangan is a conservation area for species such as the orang utan, Borneo elephant and other wetlands animals including Storm’s stork and the Flat-headed wild cat. RIVER CRUISING TIPS Some river cruise boats have canopies while some don’t in order to afford unobstructed views, especially local boats. Bring along sun cream or a wide-brimmed hat for sun protection. Binoculars are most handy and zoom cameras will afford sharp photos. Insect repellant is useful for evening and night tours. Cruises at estuaries or coasts depend on the tides. For example, crocodiles are easier to spot at low tides when the mud banks are exposed. Check with the operator for exact departure times for your preferred cruise. Observing wildlife needs patience, a keen eye, common sense, good timing and luck. Monkeys, crocodiles, dolphins, fireflies and so on are wild creatures, therefore sightings are unpredictable. Hiring a knowledgeable guide will increase your chances of seeing what the lesser trained eye might miss, since tropical animals are masters at camouflage. Lastly, river cruises are rarely done midday, as it gets too hot for both human and other wildlife.

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White-water Rafting

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WHITE-WATER RAFTING Rivers have long been the life blood of the

Sungai Sungkai in Perak and the Grade 3

indigenous people of Malaysia. They have

Sungai Selangor in Kuala Kubu Baru, which

served as a means of transport, a source of

flows from Fraser’s Hill. Sungai Endau,

food and now, a resource for ecotourism.

Jeram Besu and Sungai Lipis in Pahang as well as Sungai Tembeling in Taman Negara

The native groups of the Malaysian interior

are also popular rafting sites.

have been using rafts for thousands of years, but white water rafting has only

As it is now a popular adventure sport,

been popularised since the 1980s.

there are rafting operators for all the popular sites, who provide the necessary

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WHITE-WATER RAFTING SITES

equipment.

Sabah has two main rivers for rafting, the

In Sabah, rafting operators will arrange

Padas and Kiulu rivers, which are certified

transport from Kota Kinabalu to Padas

as Grade 3 and Grade 2 respectively in the

Gorge through which the Padas River

international white-water rafting grading

flows. A novelty is to go by railway from

system. Under normal weather conditions,

Pangi Railway Station, where an antique

the two rivers are relatively constant in

train will take you on a scenic journey

depth and speed. However, heavy rains can

through the Padas Gorge. Then comes the

cause them to swell into Grade 4 rivers.

thrill of riding rapids with names like the

During this time rafting activities may be

Headhunter, Adrenaline Flow and Merry-

called off temporarily.

Go-Round.

Peninsular Malaysia has its share of good

Kiulu River is closer to Kota Kinabalu but is

rafting sites. These include the Grade 2

less gut-wrenching. Successful rafters at


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Padas will be presented with a certificate

RAFTING PREPARATIONS

of accomplishment at the end of their adventures.

The best time to raft is after a downpour when the water level has risen and there

Peninsular Malaysia’s rafting sites are easily

are some good rapids. However, the dry

accessible by car or bus. The Selangor River

season is a good time for rafting novices to

is reached via Kuala Kubu Bharu town,

get acquainted with the sport without

about 90km from Kuala Lumpur. A single

having to fight the currents. Smaller rafts

rafting trip on the Selangor River will take

may be used in the dry season. In Sabah,

approximately half a day.

only the Padas River is recommended during dry months as the water level is too

The Telom River in Cameron Highlands and

low for rafting on the Kiulu River.

the Tembeling River in Taman Negara, Pahang, are approximately four hours from

The rafting expeditions usually take

Kuala Lumpur. More time is needed to raft

between 45 minutes to two hours

the Grade 5 Telom River in Pahang as it is a

depending on the water level.

much more challenging site. Operators will ensure that each group is Changing rooms, toilets, showers or camp

always accompanied by two professional,

sites are available in or near most rafting

certified rafters. A minimum of three

sites. Some operators also offer kayaking

persons is needed to stabilise a raft.

courses and a white-water rescue module.

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PRACTICAL RAFTING TIPS All rafters will be given a safety briefing before the ride and will be shown paddle-handling, basic backward and forward paddling techniques and other safety precautions. Paddles, life jackets, safety helmets, life-lines, first aid kits and rescue bags are provided by the operator. The rafter only needs comfortable clothing, which does not hinder movement. Always ensure that the helmets and life jackets provided fit you well and are not too tight or too loose. If you have over-turned close to the river bank, don’t use your raft paddle, as you may hit someone else. Never attempt to use the paddle as a lever against rocks as you risk getting hit by it. ADDITIONAL POINTERS: • Bring a change of clothes and a jacket • Wear secure, well-fitting shoes or diving booties • Jewellery which cannot be secured firmly should not be worn while rafting • Those wearing glasses should use an elastic sports holder to anchor their spectacles • Contact lens users are advised to wear spectacles instead, in order to cut down the risk of lenses getting contaminated

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Mountain Biking

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MOUNTAIN BIKING The exhilaration of speed using solely

BIKING SITES IN MALAYSIA

human power on a machine, and on a raw trail amidst open nature, can only be

Malaysia has both road and off-road biking

achieved by mountain biking. With its

routes. There are many cycle-friendly road

innumerable jungle and rural trails all over

routes around Malaysia. Traffic is normally

the country, Malaysia is truly a mountain

less heavy along rural roads and the views

bikers’ paradise.

are stupendous.

Mountain biking has long been a popular

Around Kuala Lumpur, these routes are the

sport in Malaysia, with its own legendary

old Gombak Road, Ulu Yam interior routes

trails and stories. It is said that ever since

and to the south, the Ulu Langat interior

bicycles were introduced into the land, the

via Cheras or Ampang. Beyond Kuala

inland villagers who embraced it were the

Lumpur there are the rolling hill roads

first mountain bikers - having to traverse

around Seri Menanti and Kuala Pilah in

the challenging trails to and from their

Negeri Sembilan as well as numerous East

remote settlements. Today, the challenge is

Coast routes with Sungai Lembing as an

still there, but it is one of adventure and

accessible site from Kuantan city.

discovery.

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As for Sabah and Sarawak, most rural road

Dam, Kampung Pusu and the Hulu Gombak

areas are scenic and provide ideal routes

Forest Reserve with its water catchment

for adventure biking.

areas.

But for the hard core enthusiasts, it is the

Further afield, there is the popular Sungai

challenging off-road sites that count. In

Dua site near Karak in Pahang. This is a

Kuala Lumpur, the ‘urban legend’ route is

strenuous 40km trail that reaches into the

the Bukit Kiara jungle trail for its

Lentang Forest Reserve. As in many routes

accessibility and easy opportunity of

in Malaysia, this trail leads to a nice river

meeting friendly fellow aficionados.

or even waterfall – in this case the

Around Kuala Lumpur, there are the Batu

impressive 30m-high Kerau waterfall located at its end. As with this site, a notable feature of most of these rainforest sites is the numerous stream crossings. Many recreational forest reserves in Malaysia are suitable for off-road cycling. Check with the local authorities for conditions.

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MOUNTAIN BIKING TIPS 1. Find out about the trail and surroundings, be sure that you have enough time to complete the entire route before darkness falls. Do not stray off the path. A compass would be handy, just in case. 2. Use good judgment regarding the fitness level required for the trail, and know your physical limits. 3. Always let someone know of your plans and destination for the day, especially if going alone. 4. Bring enough water and pack some light snacks to keep your energy level up. Unless biking with a knowledgeable partner, it is not advisable to eat jungle fruit or drink from any water source. 5. Be prepared for sudden rain showers by carrying appropriate rain gear. 6. Always check your bike before starting out. Pay special attention to tyres, which can damage more easily due to the rough terrain. 7. If you wish to camp overnight as part of your biking expedition, read the ‘Camping’ section under ‘Jungle Discoveries’ for camping tips.

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Bird Watching

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BIRD WATCHING From muddy mangroves to misty mountain

AVIAN HABITATS

ranges, Malaysia’s diverse tropical landscape teems with hundreds of resident

Many birds are common to both Peninsular

bird species. The country’s location on the

Malaysia as well as Sabah and Sarawak but

Australasian cross-migratory paths also

some species, known as endemics, are

makes it a host to 120 or so migratory

unique to a certain location, such as the

birds. All in all, with over 600 species to be

Malayan Whistling Thrush in the peninsula.

seen in the peninsula and about 580

On Borneo, there are over 30 endemics

species in Malaysian Borneo, Malaysia has

including the Borneo Blue Flycatcher and

emerged as a bird watching haven.

Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker in Sabah.

Well over half of Malaysia’s land mass is

The Malaysian rainforests can be generally

covered in rainforest environments or at

divided into three distinctive habitat types -

least plantations. With the diversity of

coastal mangroves, lowland rainforests and

habitats, there are many places having

montane or mountain forests.

abundant bird life to choose from. As the various bird watching and nature sites

Swampy mangrove forest ecosystems where

around the country are easily accessible, it

salt and freshwater environs meet on the

is easy to understand why bird lovers are

coastline fringe are home to birds such as

drawn to Malaysia.

the Common Kingfisher. Lowland rainforests, including freshwater swamp,

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peat and hill dipterocarp forests, remain the

Sarawak, Kinabalu Park and Danum Valley in

most extensive habitat for over 200 birds

Sabah.

and are crucial to Storm’s Stork and Green Imperial Pigeon.

For beginners or those who stay around Kuala Lumpur, there are several excellent

Mountain forests generally occur above an

bird watching sites within a few hours’ drive

elevation of 900m, where species such as the

from the city. A new area that has made a

Mountain Peacock-Pheasant and Mountain

name for itself in birding circles is Putrajaya

Blackeye thrive in the cool damp climates

Wetlands, a human-enhanced wetland

and stunted trees of these high altitude

environment. Less than an hour south of

regions.

Kuala Lumpur, it has begun to attract both birds and bird watchers.

While each habitat provides an excellent concentrated birding experience, in Malaysia

For a pleasant day trip, check out the Kuala

it is not difficult to visit several sites in

Selangor Nature Park, a mangrove swamp

different ecological zones to enjoy the

along the west coast that supports 130 bird

variation in birdlife.

species and some seasonal migrants including the rare Spoonbilled Sandpiper.

POPULAR BIRDING SITES

Fraser’s Hill and Cameron Highlands both offer lush green hill surroundings with

With the increase in nature and

panoramic views and hiking trails where

environmental awareness, more and more

bird life abounds.

sites have been identified where birds can be observed and there are also bird

Those with more time may want to travel

sanctuaries designated around the country.

further inland into Malaysia’s premier national park, Taman Negara, where dense

For the serious enthusiast, a comprehensive

ancient lowland forests are home to over

itinerary spanning the peninsula and Borneo

300 bird species. Another popular site is

could include: Kuala Selangor, Fraser’s Hill,

Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary on the Perak

Taman Negara, Bako National Park in

coast, where endangered Milky Storks congregate.

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Over in Borneo, the Kota Kinabalu City

PRACTICAL TIPS FOR BIRD WATCHERS

Bird Sanctuary, a feeding ground for many species of resident birds and several

1. Read or find out as much as you can

migratory species from Northern Asia is

about both the site and the bird species

easily accessible from the capital of Sabah.

likely to be found in it before hand.

Kinabalu Park, a World Heritage Site with

2. A pair of binoculars helps to locate and

its own endemics such as the Kinabalu

identify distant and high flying birds.

Warbler, is just a two hours’ drive away

3. Most birds are active in the morning and

from the city. Many good birding sites can

late afternoon when the temperature is

be found in Sarawak, such as Gunung Mulu

cooler. Consult your guide book as to

National Park. Sarawak endemics such as Hose’s Broadbill can also be found in the Kelabit Highlands.

the best times to spot a particular species. 4. Many birds have regular feeding habits and patterns. A good place to watch for shorebirds is at mudflats during low tide.

BIRD WATCHING SEASON AND ADVISORY

5. When photographing birds, use long range lenses and flash equipment as there may not be sufficient natural light.

Malaysia’s tropical climate allows bird watching to be a year-round activity. Take

BIRD WATCHING SITES

note of the rainy season when planning excursions and bring along rain gear or a poncho. In the West Coast of the peninsula, rain usually falls heaviest from September to December. There is a distinct monsoon in the East Coast from December to February, while the rainy season occurs

• Bukit Larut (Maxwell Hill)(Mountain forest), Perak • Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary (Mangrove forest), Perak • Kuala Selangor Nature Park (Mangrove forest), Selangor

a bit earlier in the year in Borneo.

• Cameron Highlands (Mountain forest),

Migratory birds use Malaysia’s West Coast

• Genting Highlands (Mountain forest),

Pahang flyway to travel to Sumatra and beyond

Pahang

with peak movements in April and October.

• Taman Negara (Lowland rainforest),

As with all wildlife, all possible care and

• Fraser’s Hill (Mountain forest), Pahang

respect is to be given to the birds and their

• Kinabalu Park (Mountain forest), Sabah

habitats. It is illegal not only to shoot or

• Kota Belud Bird Sanctuary (Lowland

Pahang

capture any bird in a gazetted bird

rainforest), Sabah

sanctuary, but even to harass or disturb

• Danum Valley (Lowland rainforest), Sabah

them. Trafficking in protected species is

• Bako National Park (Lowland rainforest),

also prohibited under the Protection of Wild Life Act 1972 in Peninsular Malaysia, with separate acts enforced in Sabah and

Sarawak • Gunung Mulu National Park (Mangrove forest), Sarawak

Sarawak. Entry permits from the Forestry Department of the various states may be

For more information, please view our

needed at some bird sanctuaries. Bird

‘Bird Watching in Malaysia’

watchers are advised to check with their

e-brochure at www.tourism.gov.my.

guides or tour agent.

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Useful Contacts STATE AUTHORITIES

ASSOCIATIONS

Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara (Department of Wildlife and National Parks) (PERHILITAN) Tel: 603 9086 6800 Careline 1 300 80 1010 www.wildlife.gov.my

Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) Tel: 603 2287 9422 www.mns.my

Jabatan Taman Laut Malaysia (Department of Marine Parks) Tel: 603 8886 1379 www.dmpm.nre.gov.my

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Tel: 603 7803 3772 www.wwf.org.my

Perbadanan Taman Negeri Perak (Perak State Parks Corporation) Tel: 605 791 4543 www.royalbelum.my

Malaysian Ecotourism Association (MEA) Tel: 603 4257 4688 mea.memberlodge.org

Malaysia Nature Guides Association Tel: 603 2240 3551 managa.com.my

TOUR OPERATORS

Johor National Parks Corporation Tel: 607 266 1301 johorparks.blogspot.com

Borneo Eco Tours Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6088 438 300 www.borneoecotours.com

Sabah Parks Tel: 6088 523 500 www.sabahparks.org.my

Borneo Nature Tours Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6088 267 637 www.borneonaturetours.com

Sarawak Tourism Board Tel: 6082 423 600 www.sarawaktourism.com

Wildlife Expeditions Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 603 2711 9220 / 9221 www.wildlife-expeditions.com

Sarawak Forestry Department Tel: 6082 442 180 / 319 102 / 319 103 www.forestry.sarawak.gov.my

Borneo Adventure Tours Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6082 245 175 borneoadventure.com

Sarawak Forestry Corporation Tel: 6082 610 088 www.sarawakforestry.com

Catcity Holiday Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6082 414 200 www.catcityholidays.com

Ping Anchorage Travel & Tours Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 609 626 2020 www.pinganchorage.com.my NKS Hotel & Travel Tel: 609 266 4488 / 4499 www.taman-negara-nks.com Asian Overland Services Tours & Travel Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 603 4252 9100 www.asianoverland.com.my Tabin Wildlife Holidays Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 603 267 266 www.tabinwildlife.com.my Sutera Sanctuary Lodges Tel: 6088 308 914 / 308 915 / 308 916 www.suteraharbour.com suterasanctuarylodges.com Mountain Torq Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6088 268 126 www.mountaintorq.com Kingfisher Tours Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 603 2142 1454 Junglewalla Tours Tel: 6019 590 2300 / 012 584 6184 www.junglewalla.com

Tropical Adventure Tours & Travel Services Sdn. Bhd. Tel: 6085 419 337 www.borneotropicaladventures.com

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T

H M 9 E

MALAYSIA AT A GLANCE

S

COUNTRY

BANKING HOURS

The federation of Malaysia comprises Peninsular Malaysia, which is made up of 11 states, three Federal Territories as well as the states of Sabah and Sarawak situated in Borneo.

Kuala Lumpur

Banks in most states are open from Mondays to Fridays. The operating hours are generally from 9.15am to 4.30pm. Some branches operate on Saturdays or extend their working hours on weekdays. In Kelantan and Terengganu, banks are closed on Fridays and Saturdays. Check the websites of the relevant banks for more details. Online banking services are provided by most banks.

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

POST OFFICES

Lying 2 to 7 degrees north of the Equator, Peninsular Malaysia is separated from Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. The Peninsular shares a common border with Thailand in the north, while its southern neighbour is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak share a common border with Indonesia while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei Darussalam.

Most post offices are open from 8.30am to 5.00pm daily except on Sundays and public holidays. In Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu, they are closed on Fridays and public holidays.

CAPITAL CITY

AREA 329,758 sq km

POPULATION

WORKING DAYS Government offices in all states, with the exception of Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu, operate on a five-day week from Monday to Friday. Some private establishments are open for half a day on Saturday. Government offices in Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu are open from Sunday and Thursday. They are closed on Friday and Saturday.

28 million

TIME PEOPLE Malays make up about 57% of the population, with Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups making up the rest.

The standard Malaysian time is eight hours ahead of GMT and 16 hours ahead of the U.S. Pacific Standard Time.

ELECTRICITY LANGUAGE Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) is the national language but English is widely spoken. Malaysians also speak various languages and dialects.

The voltage used throughout Malaysia is 220 - 240 volts AC, at 50 cycles per second. Standard 3-pin square plugs and sockets are used.

MEASUREMENT SYSTEM RELIGION

Malaysia uses the metric system.

Islam is the official religion but all other religions are practised freely.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS GOVERNMENT Malaysia practices parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The Head of State is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the Head of Government is the Prime Minister. The country has a bicameral legislative system.

CLIMATE Malaysia has a tropical climate and the weather is warm all year round. Temperatures range from 21ºC to 32ºC and the annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm to 2,500mm.

ECONOMIC PROFILE Manufacturing constitutes the largest component of Malaysia’s economy while tourism and primary commodities such as petroleum, palm oil, natural rubber and timber are major contributors to its economy.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS Visitors must be in possession of a valid passport or travel document with a minimum validity of six months beyond the intended visiting period. Citizens of most countries do not require visas for social or business visits. For further information, please visit or call the nearest Malaysian diplomatic mission or Tourism Malaysia office.

CURRENCY The unit of currency is the Malaysian Ringgit, which is denoted as RM. Foreign currencies can be converted at banks and money changers.

Malaysia is linked nationally and internationally by telephone, facsimile and via the Internet. Most hotels provide International Direct Dial (IDD) telephone services and Wi-fi Internet connection.

GETTING TO MALAYSIA The main gateway to Malaysia is through the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) at Sepang, which is located approximately 50km south of Kuala Lumpur. Other major international airports that serve as entry points are situated in Penang, Johor Bahru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu and the island of Langkawi. Malaysia has two low cost carrier terminals (LCCT), which are situated in Sepang and Kota Kinabalu. Over 40 international airlines fly into the country while the national carrier, Malaysia Airlines, has a global network that spans six continents. The airline is a full-fledged member of oneworld, one of the world’s top three airline alliances. The national carrier is complemented by its subsidiary, Firefly, and the budget airline, AirAsia. The main entry point by sea is at Port Klang, about 50km away from Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia is also accessible by rail and road from Singapore and Thailand.

GETTING AROUND Malaysia has excellent domestic air links serviced by Malaysia Airlines as well as carriers such as AirAsia and Firefly. The country has a well-developed and efficient public transportation system served by buses, taxis as well as trains.

ACCOMMODATION Malaysia has a wide range of accommodation with competitive rates. International star-rated hotels, boutique hotels, beach resorts, chalets, youth hostels and timeshare apartments are among the types of accommodation available.

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TOURISM MALAYSIA OFFICES HEAD OFFICE Malaysia Tourism Promotion Board (Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Malaysia) 9th Floor, No. 2, Tower 1, Jalan P5/6, Precinct 5, 62200 Putrajaya, MalaysiaͻTel: 603 8891 8000ͻ Tourism Infoline 1 300 88 5050 (within Malaysia only)ͻFax: 603 8891 8999 E-mail: enquiries@tourism.gov.myͻWebsite: www.tourismmalaysia.gov.my

STATE OFFICES JOHOR L3-26, Aras 3, JOTIC Building 2, Jalan Ayer Molek 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor Tel: 607 222 3590 / 3591 t Fax: 607 223 5502 E-mail: mtpbjhb@tourism.gov.my KEDAH Kompleks Pelancongan Negeri Kedah Seksyen 20, Jalan Raja, 05000 Alor Setar, Kedah Tel: 604 731 2322 / 730 1322 t Fax: 604 734 0322 E-mail: mtpbkdh@tourism.gov.my KELANTAN Ground Floor, Kampung Kraftangan, Jalan Hilir Balai 15300 Kota Bharu, Kelantan Tel: 609 747 7554 t Fax: 609 747 8010 E-mail: mtpb.kelantan@tourism.gov.my MELAKA Lot 02, Ground Floor Bangunan Lembaga Tabung Haji Jalan Banda Kaba, 75000 Melaka Tel: 606 288 3304 / 3785 / 1549 t Fax: 606 286 9804 E-mail: mtpb.melaka@tourism.gov.my NEGERI SEMBILAN 1st Floor, Seremban Plaza, Jalan Dato’ Muda Linggi 70100 Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Tel: 606 763 5388 / 762 2388 / 4488 Fax: 606 763 8428 E-mail: mtpb.negerisembilan@tourism.gov.my PAHANG Lot G.01, Mahkota Square Jalan Mahkota, 25000 Kuantan, Pahang Tel: 609 517 7111 / 7112 / 7115 Fax: 609 517 7114 E-mail: mtpb.pahang@tourism.gov.my PENANG No. 11, Lebuh Pantai, 10300 George Town, Penang Tel: 604 261 0058 / 263 4941 t Fax: 604 262 3688 E-mail: mtpbpen@tourism.gov.my PERAK No. 12, Medan Istana 2 Bandar Ipoh Raya, 30000 Ipoh, Perak Tel: 605 255 9962 / 2772 / 1012 t Fax: 605 253 2194 E-mail: mtpbperak@tourism.gov.my PERLIS No 19, Ground Floor, Jalan Pengkalan Indah Pengkalan Asam, 01000 Kangar, Perlis Tel: 604 978 1235 / 1213 t Fax: 604 978 1143 E-mail: mtpb.perlis@tourism.gov.my SABAH Lot 1-0-7, Ground Floor, Block 1 Lorong Api-Api 1, Api-Api Center 88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Tel: 6088 211 732 / 248 698 / 242 064 Fax: 6088 241 764 E-mail: mtpbbki@tourism.gov.my SARAWAK Parcel 297-2-1, Level 2, Riverbank Suites Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman 93100 Kuching, Sarawak Tel: 6082 246 575 / 775 t Fax: 6082 246 442 E-mail: mtpbkch@tourism.gov.my SELANGOR/PUTRAJAYA 6th Floor, Wisma PKPS Persiaran Perbandaran Seksyen 14 40675 Shah Alam, Selangor Tel: 603 5510 9100 t Fax: 603 5510 9101 E-mail: mtpbselangor@tourism.gov.my TERENGGANU No. 11, Ground & First Floors Pusat Niaga Paya Keladi, Jalan Kampung Daik 20000 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Tel: 609 630 9433 / 9093 t Fax: 609 630 9091 E-mail: mtpbkt@tourism.gov.my

OVERSEAS OFFICES AUSTRALIA Perth Ground Floor, 56 William Street Perth WA 6000, Australia Tel: 00 61 8 9481 0400 t Fax: 00 61 8 9321 1421 E-mail: mtpb.perth@tourism.gov.my / tourmal@iinet.net.au Website: www.tourismmalaysia.com.au Sydney Level 2, 171 Clarence Street Sydney NSW 2000, Australia Tel: 00 61 2 9299 4441 t Fax: 00 61 2 9262 2026 E-mail: malaysia@malaysiatourism.com.au Website: www.tourismmalaysia.com.au BRUNEI High Commission of Malaysia Unit No 1.14 - 1.15 First Floor, The Rizqun International Hotel Gadong BE3519 Brunei Darussalam Tel: 00 673 238 1575 / 1576 t Fax: 00 673 238 1584 E-mail: mtpb.brunei@tourism.gov.my CANADA 1590-1111, West Georgia Street Vancouver, British Columbia, anada V6E 4M3 Tel: 00 1 60 4689 8899 t Fax: 00 1 60 4689 8804 E-mail: mtpb.vancouver@tourism.gov.my / info@tourismmalaysia.ca Website: www.tourismmalaysia.ca

CHINA Beijing Tourism Section, Embassy of Malaysia Room 506 - 507, Air China Plaza No. 36, Xiaoyun Road, Chaoyang District Beijing 100027, People’s Republic of China Tel: 00 86 10 8447 5056 t Fax: 00 86 10 8447 5798 E-mail: mtpb.beijing@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.cn Guangzhou Consulate General of Malaysia (Tourism Section) Unit 3216, 32nd Floor CITIC Plaza Office Tower, No. 233, Tianhe Bei Road Guangzhou 510610, People’s Republic of China Tel : 00 86 20 3877 3691 t Fax : 00 86 20 3877 3692 E-mail: mtpb.guangzhou@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.cn Shanghai Consulate General of Malaysia (Tourism Section) Unit 1109, Level 11, CITIC Square 1168 Nanjing Road West, Jing An District Shanghai 200041, People’s Republic of China Tel: 00 86 21 5292 5252 ext 201 / 205 / 206 / 207 Fax: 00 86 21 5292 5948 E-mail: mtpb.shanghai@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.cn FRANCE Paris 29 rue des Pyramides, 75001 Paris, France Tel: 00 33 1 429 741 71 t Fax: 00 33 1 429 741 69 E-mail: mtpb.paris@tourism.gov.my GERMANY Frankfurt Weissfrauenstrasse 12 - 16 D-60311, Frankfurt am Main, Germany Tel: 00 49 69 460 923 420 t Fax: 00 49 69 460 923 499 E-mail: mtpb.frankfurt@tourism.gov.my / info@tourismmalaysia.de Website: www.tourismmalaysia.de HONG KONG Ground Floor, Malaysia Building 47-50 Gloucester Road, Hong Kong Tel: 00 85 2 2528 5810 / 5811 Fax: 00 85 2 2865 4610 E-mail: mtpb.hongkong@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.com.hk INDIA Chennai 4th Floor, Vijaya Towers No. 4, Kodambakkam High Road Chennai 600034, Republic of India Tel: 00 91 44 4506 8080 / 8181 / 8282 Fax: 00 91 44 4506 8383 E-mail: mtpb.chennai@tourism.gov.my Website: www.malaysiajao.com Mumbai 123, Jolly Maker Chamber II 12th Floor, Nariman Point Mumbai 400021, Republic of India Tel: 00 91 22 6635 2085 t Fax: 00 91 22 6639 0702 E-mail: mtpb.mumbai@tourism.gov.my Website: www.malaysiajao.com New Delhi C 3/13, Vasant Vihar New Delhi 110057, Republic of India Tel: 00 91 11 4601 1677 (DL) / 1674 (GL) Fax: 00 91 11 4601 1676 E-mail: mtpb.newdelhi@tourism.gov.my Website: www.malaysiajao.com INDONESIA Jakarta c/o Consulate General of Malaysia Jalan H.R Rasuna Said, Kav.x/6 No. 1-3, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12950 Republic of Indonesia Tel: 00 62 21 522 0765 / 4947 Fax: 00 62 21 522 0766 E-mail: mtpb.jakarta@tourism.gov.my Medan c/o Consulate General of Malaysia 43, Jalan Diponegoro, 20152 Medan Sumatera Utara, Republic of Indonesia Tel: 00 62 61 452 3192 t Fax: 00 62 61 452 3179 E-mail: mtpb.medan@tourism.gov.my ITALY Milan Via Privata della Passarella 4, 20122 Milan, Italy Tel: 00 39 02 796 702 t Fax: 00 39 02 796 806 E-mail: mtpb.milan@tourism.gov.my / info@turismomalesia.it Website: www.turismomalesia.it JAPAN Osaka 10th Floor, Cotton Nissay Building 1-8-2 Otsubo-Honmachi, Nishi-ku Osaka 550-0004, Japan Tel: 00 81 66 444 1220 t Fax: 00 81 66 444 1380 E-mail: mtpb.osaka@tourism.gov.my Website:www.tourismmalaysia.or.jp Tokyo 5F Chiyoda Building, 1-6-4 Yurakucho Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0006, Japan Tel: 00 81 33 501 8691 / 8694 t Fax: 00 81 33 501 8692 E-mail: mtpb.tokyo@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.or.jp

KOREA Seoul (2nd Hansan Bldg., Seosomun-dong) 115, Seosomun-Ro, Chung-Gu Seoul 100-813, Republic of Korea Tel: 00 82 2779 4422 / 4251 t Fax: 00 82 2779 4254 E-mail: mtpb.seoul@tourism.gov.my Website: www.mtpb.co.kr NETHERLANDS The Hague c/o Embassy of Malaysia Rustenburgweg 2, 2517 KE The Hague, Netherlands Tel: 00 31 70 350 6506 t Fax: 00 31 70 350 6536 Visiting Office: Regus, The Hague Equinox 3rd Floor, Jan Pieterszoon Coenstraat 7 2595 WP Den Haag, Netherlands Tel: 00 31 70 799 9172 / 9173 Fax: 00 31 70 799 9370 E-mail: mail@tourism-malaysia.nl NEW ZEALAND Auckland Level 10, DLA Phillips Fox Tower 205-209, Queen Street Auckland 1010, New Zealand Tel: 00 64 9 309 6290 t Fax: 00 64 9 309 6292 Website: www.tourismmalaysia.co.nz PHILIPPINES Manila Embassy of Malaysia Tourism Office (Tourism Malaysia) 16th Floor, Picadilly Star Building 4th Avenue, Corner 27th Street Bonifacio Global City (BGC) 1634 Taguig City, Philippines Tel: 00 632 846 2697 t Fax: 00 632 846 1213 E-mail: mtpb.manila@tourism.gov.my RUSSIA Moscow c/o Embassy of Malaysia Mosfilmovskaya Ulitsa 50 Moscow 117192, Russian Federation Tel: 00 7 495 933 5748 / 5747 Fax: 00 7 495 933 5749 E-mail: mtpb.moscow@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysia.ru SAUDI ARABIA Jeddah 2nd Floor (upper parking), Mega Business Centre Serafi Megamall, Tahlia Street c/o Consulate General of Malaysia (Tourism Section) P O Box 593, Jeddah 21421 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: 00 966 2 286 7333 Fax: 00 966 2 286 7444 E-mail: mtpb.jeddah@tourism.gov.my SINGAPORE #01-01B/C/D, No. 80, Robinson Road Singapore 068898 Tel: 00 69 6532 6321 / 6351 t Fax: 00 69 6535 6650 E-mail: mtpb.singapore@tourism.gov.my

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dubai Lot 3, Ground Floor (facing Zabeel Road) Al Safeena Building Oud Mehta, Near Lamcy Plaza P.O Box 124096, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Tel: 00 971 4337 7578 / 7579 Fax: 00 971 4335 3318 E-mail: mtpb.dubai@tourism.gov.my UNITED KINGDOM London 57 Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DU United Kingdom Tel: 00 44 2 079 307 932 t Fax: 00 44 2 079 309 015 E-mail: info@tourism-malaysia.co.uk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Los Angeles 818 West 7th Street, Suite 970 Los Angeles, CA 90017, United States of America Tel: 00 1 213 689 9702 t Fax: 00 1 213 689 1530 E-mail: mtpb.la@tourism.gov.my Website: www.tourismmalaysiausa.com New York 120 East 56th Street, 15th Floor New York, NY 10022, United States of America Tel: 00 1 212 754 1113 t Fax: 00 1 212 754 1116 E-mail:mtpb@aol.com Website: www.tourismmalaysiany.com VIETNAM Hanoi Embassy of Malaysia (Tourism Malaysia Office) Unit 401, 4th Floor, HCO Building Melia Centre, 44B Ly Thuong Kiet Street Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi Social Republic of Vietnam Tel: 00 844 3734 3837 / 3938 8464 Fax: 00 844 3734 4679 E-mail: mtpb.hanoi@tourism.gov.my

MARKETING REPRESENTATIVES BANGLADESH Dhaka d/a Malaysian High Commission in Bangladesh House No. 19, Road No. 6 Baridhara, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh Tel: 00 880 2882 7759 / 7760 / 2885 8394 Fax: 00 880 2882 7761 / 3115 CAMBODIA Phnom Penh c/o Embassy of Malaysia 220-222, Preah Norodom Boulevard Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamkarmorn Phnom Penh, Cambodia Tel: 00 855 2322 1593 t Fax: 00 855 2322 1594 E-mail: tourismmalaysia@online.com.kh CHINA Chengdu Level 18, The Office Tower Shangri-La Centre 9 Bingjiang Road (East), Chengdu 610021 People’s Republic of China Tel: 00 8628 6606 5230 t Fax: 00 8628 6606 5231

SOUTH AFRICA Johannesburg 1st Floor, Building 5, Commerce Square 39, Rivonia Road, Sandhurst Johannesburg, South Africa Tel: 00 27 11 268 0292 / 0295 t Fax: 00 27 11 268 0296 E-mail: mtpb.johannesburg@tourism.gov.my

IRAN Tehran Malaysia Embassy in Tehran No.6, Changizi St., Alef St. Mahmoodieh St., Tehran, Iran P.O.Box 1986673654 Tel: 0098 21 2621 9055 / 9056 Fax: 0098 21 2204 6628

SWEDEN Stockholm Klarabergsgatan 35, 2tr, Box 131 Stockholm 10122, Sweden Tel: 00 46 8 249 900 t Fax: 00 46 8 242 324 E-mail: mtpb.stockholm@tourism.gov.my Website: www.malaysia.se

IRELAND Dublin Level 3A Shelbourne House, Shelbourne Road Ballsbridge, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland Tel: 00 353 1 237 6242 / 6243 E-mail: info@tourism-malaysiadublin.com

TAIWAN Taipei Suite C, 8th Floor, Hung Tai Centre 170 Tun Hwa North Road, Taipei, Taiwan Tel: 00 88 62 2514 9704 / 9734 Fax: 00 88 62 2514 9973 E-mail: mtpb.taipei@tourism.gov.my Website: www.promotemalaysia.com.tw THAILAND Bangkok Unit 1, 3rd Floor, Zuellig House 1-7, Silom Road, Bangrak Bangkok 10500, Thailand Tel: 00 662 636 3380 - 3 t Fax: 00 662 636 3384 E-mail: mtpb.bangkok@tourism.gov.my Website: www.sawasdeemalaysia.com Phuket 98/2 Sino South Building, Krabi Road Amphur Muang, Phuket, 83000 Thailand Tel: 00 667 622 0192 / 0193 t Fax: 00 667 622 0196 E-mail : mtpb.phuket@tourism.gov.my / tmphuket@gmail.com TURKEY Istanbul Harman Sokak Hamanci Giz Plaza, No.5, Floor:20 34393 Esentepe, Sisli Istanbul, Turkey Tel : 00 902 12 284 4436 Fax: 00 902 12 284 4437

KAZAKHSTAN Almaty c/o Embassy of Malaysia 9A Rubinshtein Str., 050051 Almaty Republic of Kazakhstan Tel: 00 7 727 333 4485 / 4487 t Fax: 00 7 727 837 0333 LAOS Vientiane c/o Embassy of Malaysia 23 Sing Ha Rd, Phonexay P.O.Box 789, Vientiane, Lao P.D.R Tel: 00 85 6 2141 4205 / 4206 t Fax: 00 85 6 2141 4201 E-mail: mtpb.laos@tourism.gov.my / mtpbvte_laos@yahoo.com VIETNAM Ho Chi Minh City Consulate General of Malaysia (Tourism Malaysia Office) Mezzanine Floor, Pasteur Tower 139 Pasteur Street District 3, Ho Chi Minh City Socialist Republic of Vietnam Tel: 00 848 3825 8011 / 8036 Fax: 00 848 3825 8037 E-mail: mtpb.hochiminh@tourism.gov.my


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May 2013 (0513)

(TRAFFICKING IN ILLEGAL DRUGS CARRIES THE DEATH PENALTY)


Adventures with Nature