Page 1


Vol : 1

Editorial

Issue : 1

OCTOBER, 2010 Publisher & Editor BHAVANI PRAMOD KUMAR Editorial Consultant KANTH.G Associate Editor V.S.VENKATESAN Director (Marketing) VEMAN KUMAR KASHA Marketing & Sales SANJEEV RAO NAGARAJU DTP & Layout Designing P.RAMBABU K.NIRMALA Manager K.SREEDHARA RAO Administration SADA LAKSHMI YADAV Circulation K.KISHORE KUMAR Web Designer THIRUPATHI BOTLA Marketing off : CITY TIMES MEDIA PVT. LTD Regd Office : # B-258, Phase - 1 Vanashalipuram, Hyderabad - 500 070 A.P., India. Admn. Office : # 46,47, Moghul’s Court Building, Basheerbagh, Hyderabad - 500001 A.P., India. www.metrocitytimes.in Ph: 040-23322258 Printed, Published and owned by B.Pramod kumar, Printed at Sri Balaji Graphics, 1-1-8/26, House Fed Bhavan, Bhaglingampalli, Hyd. Published at B-258, ph-1, Vanasthalipuram, Hyderabad, A.P. India. Editor. B.Pramod kumar.

W

hen you try to zoom in to satel lite map of a Hyderabad it would be difficult for you to assess the way it looked back four hundred years ago. A group of Italian Engineers have planned the original Hyderabad in par with the brio of European cities. Imagine a European city in Deccan with well planned wide roads, verdancy of orchids, lawns, way side plantations, columned castles, elevated arches, state of art sewage and water supply systems. It was a metropolis for the past four hundred years and has witnessed many generations of nobility and common. The city originally planned to be located on the southern side of river Musi has spread towards north like a tree with roots in its southern part. Ironically it looks in the shape of tree with old city forming the trunk. Elegance of the past still remains here and there amidst the clustered residential and commercial concrete structures. Reminiscences of historical glory will make a true Hyderabadi proud of the rich and varied heritage of the noble city. Mujras have given way to pub culture, Mushaias are confined to old shaped auditoriums, Ghajals restricted to living room stereos, while the city populace crave for privacy. Now you have a magazine that has a mixture of all the good of past and present with an ambitious look in to the future. Metro City Times is truly Hyderabadi to entertain you the way with a sensible touch

umar K d o m a r P i n a v Bha

E


CONTENTS 07

National Times Ayodya verdict has eased tensions

10

State Times Micro Finance in AP

13

Metro Times Metro Rail to Begin

17

Great Personalities Sarojini Naidu

20

Tourism Times Golconda

23

Career Times Animation

27

Fashion Times Pochampalli Sarees

29

Evening Times Night Life in Hyderabad

31

Weekend Times Dhola - ri - Dhani

33

Health Times Sexual Problems in Men

37

Fitness Times Yoga for Beginners

39

Sports Times Common Wealth Sachin Movie Times Sekhar Kammula

42 44

Future Times Horoscope


metro city times

National Times

AYODHYA

verdict has eased tensions

The Allahabad High Court ruled by a majority verdict that the disputed land in

Ayodhya

be

divided

qually into three parts among Hindus and Muslims and that the

place

where

the

makeshift temple of Lord Ram exists belongs to Hindus. These are few highlights of the verdict

of

the

Lucknow

Bench of the Allahabad high court

October 2010

07


metro city times

National Times The disputed site is the birth place of Lord Ram. Place of birth is a juristic person and is a deity. It is personified as the spirit of divine wors hipped as birth place of Lord Rama as a child. Spirit of divine ever remains present every where at all times for any one to invoke at any shape or form in accorda nce with his own aspirations and it can be shapeless and formless also. The disputed building was constru cted by Babar, the year is not certain but it was built against the tenets of Islam. Thus, it cannot have the character of a mosque.The disputed structure was constructed on the site of old structure after demolition of the same. The Archaeological Survey of India has proved that the structure was a massive Hindu religious structure. The idols were placed in the middle dome of the disputed structure in the intervening night of 22/ 23.12.1949. It is established that the property in suit is the site of Janm Bhumi of Ram Chandra Ji and Hindus in general had the right to worship Charan, Sita Rasoi, other idols and other object of worship existed upon the property in suit. It is also established that Hindus have been worshipping the place in dispute as Janm Sthan i.e. a birth place as deity and visiting it as a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since time immemorial.

The judges have also said that the status quo should be maintained at the site for three months. The full judgment runs into 8,000 pages Zaffaryab Jilani, a lawyer for the Muslim community, said he would appeal the verdict, which could delay a final decision in the case for years. “It’s not a victory or defeat for any party. It’s a step forward. We hope this matter will be resolved,” he said. Hearing in the case was taken up on a dayto-day basis from January this year and was completed on July 26. The special bench had reserved its verdict asking the parties concerned to approach the Officer on Special Duty in the case to find out if there was any scope of resolution in the case through reconciliation. The three main issues before the high court were whether there was a temple at the disputed site, prior to 1528, whether the suit filed by the Sunni central waqf board in 1961 is barred by limitation and whether Muslims perfected their title through adverse possession.The history of the dispute goes back to the year 1528 when a mosque was built on the site by Mughal emperor Babar. Hindus believe that the site was the birthplace of Lord Ram and a temple had existed there earlier.In order to settle the dispute, the British officials in 1859 erected a fence to separate the places of worship, allowing the inner court to be used by Muslims and the outer court by Hindus. This system went on till 1949 when an idol of Lord Ram surfaced inside the mosque.The authorities then declared the premises a disputed area and locked the gates, which were unlocked after 37 years by a

After the construction of the disputed structure it is proved the deities were installed inside the disputed structure on 22/23.12.1949. It is also proved that the outer courtyard was in exclusive possession of Hindus and they were worshipping throughout and in the inner courtyard (in the disputed structure) they were also worshi pping. It is also established that the disputed structure cannot be treated as a mosque as it came into existence against the tenets of Islam.

08

October 2010


metro city times

National Times

district judge in 1986 to allow darshan. With the passage of time the dispute took on political colour. The Babri Masjid was demolished in 1992 in the presence of senior leaders of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad, the Shiv Sena and the Bharatiya Janata Party. The demolition of the mosque triggered communal riots in several parts of the country in which more than 2,000 lives were lost.The high court verdict assumes significance as an amicable solution to the centuries old dispute over a piece of land has not been achieved through negotiations between the two religious groups.Repeated attempts were made by former prime ministers P V Narasimha Rao, V P Singh and Chandra Shekhar to persuade the two sides to reach a compromise but there was no success. The Ayodhya dispute has been an emotive issue for decades and mired in a slew of legal suits involving Hindu and Muslim religious groups.The first title suit in the case was filed in 1950 by one Gopal Singh Visharad, seeking an injunction to permit pooja (worship) of Lord Ram at the disputed site. The second suit was filed by Paramhans Tamchandra Das, also in 1950, seeking the same injunction, but it was later withdrawn.The third suit was filed in 1959 by the Nirmohi Akhara, seeking a direction to hand over the charge of the disputed site from the receiver. The fourth one was filed in 1961 by the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Board of Waqfs for declaration and possession of the site. The fifth suit was moved on July 1, 1989 in the name of Bhagwan Shree Ram Lalla Virajman, also for declaration and possession.Through an application moved by then advocate general of UP, all the four suits were transferred to the high court in 1989. Out of the 94 witnesses in court, 58 appeared from the Hindu side and 36 from Muslim side and their statements run in more than 13,000 pages.Earlier this month, R C Tripathi, one of the parties to the suit, moved a plea in the high court seeking deferment of the verdict to make fresh attempts for an out-ofcourt settlement through negotiations.

October 2010

On September 17, the high court refused to defer pronouncement of the verdict, following which the matter reached the Supreme Court.An apex court bench of Justices Altamas Kabir and A K Patnaik refused to take up the case and referred it to another bench.Difference of opinion between two Justices R V Raveendran and H L Gokhale, before whom the matter came up for hearing on September 23, surfaced on entertaining the petition. However, the court issued notices to the parties.The matter was finally heard by a special three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of India S H Kapadia on September 28 and it dismissed the plea for deferment of the verdict by the high court.

09


metro city times

State Times

THE MICRO FINANCE Scenerio in Andhra

Pradesh

icro Credit is defined as provision of thrift, credit and other financial services and products of very small amount to the poor in rural, semi-urban and urban areas for enabling them to raise their income levels and improve living standards. Micro Credit Institutions are those which provide these facilities.

M

The reform of the interest rate regime has constituted an integral part of the financial sector reforms initiated in our country in 1991. In consonance with this reform process, interest rates applicable to loans given by banks to micro credit organizations or by the micro credit organizations to Self-Help Groups/member-beneficiaries has been left to their discretion. The interest rate ceiling applicable to direct small loans given by banks to individual borrowers, however, continues to remain in force.

10

October 2010


metro city times Banks have been given freedom to formulate their own lending norms keeping in view ground realities. They have been asked to devise appropriate loan and savings products and the related terms and conditions including size of the loan, unit cost, unit size, maturity period, grace period, margins, etc. Such credit covers not only consumption and production loans for various farm and non-farm activities of the poor but also include their other credit needs such as housing and shelter improvements. A Self-Help Group (SHG) is a registered or unregistered group of micro entrepreneurs having homogenous social and economic background voluntarily, coming together to save small amounts regularly, to mutually agree to contribute to a common fund and to meet their emergency needs on mutual help basis. The group members use collective wisdom and peer pressure to ensure proper end-use of credit and timely repayment thereof. In fact, peer pressure has been recognized as an effective substitute for collaterals. An economically poor individual gain strength as part of a group. Besides, financing through SHGs reduces transaction costs for both lenders and borrowers. While lenders have to handle only a single SHG account instead of a large number of small-sized individual accounts, borrowers as part of a SHG cut down expenses on travel (to & from the branch and other places) for completing paper work and on the loss of workdays in canvassing for loans.

October 2010

State Times A Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) is a voluntary organization established to undertake social intermediation like organizing SHGs of micro entrepreneurs and entrusting them to banks for credit linkage or financial intermediation like borrowing bulk funds from banks for on-lending to SHGs. With a view to facilitating smoother and more meaningful banking with the poor, A pilot project for purveying micro credit by linking Self-Help Groups (SHGs) with banks was launched by NABARD in 1991-92 with a view to facilitating smoother and more meaningful banking with the poor. RBI had then advised commercial banks to actively participate in this linkage programme. The scheme has since been extended to RRBs and co-operative banks. The number of SHGs linked to banks aggregated 4,61,478 as on March 31, 2002. This translates into an estimated 7.87 million very poor families brought within the fold of formal banking services as on March 31, 2002. More than 90 per cent of the groups linked with banks are exclusive women groups. Cumulative disbursement of bank loans to these SHGs stood at Rs. 1026.34 crores as on March 31, 2002 with an average loan of Rs. 22,240=00 per SHG and Rs. 1,316=00 per family.

11


State Times

As regards model-wise linkage, while Model I, viz. directly to SHGs without intervention/facilitation of any NGO now accounts for 16%, Model II, viz. directly to SHGs with facilitation by NGOs and other formal agencies amounts to 75% and Model III, viz. through NGO as facilitator and financing agency represents 09% of the total linkage. While 488 districts in all the states/UTs have been covered under this programme, 444 banks including 44 commercial banks (including 17 in the private sector), 191 RRBs and 209 co-operative banks along with 2,155 NGOs are now associated with the SHG-bank linkage programme. While the SHG-bank linkage programme has surely emerged as the dominant micro finance dispensation model in India, other models too have evolved as significant micro finance purveying channels. (a) An Intermediate Model that works on banking principles with focus on both savings and credit activities and where banking services are provided to the clients either directly or through SHGs; (b) There is also a Wholesale banking Model where the clients comprise NGOs, MFIs and SHG Federations. This Model involves a unique package of providing both loans and capacity building support to its partners; (c) Further, there is an Individual Banking-based Model that has its clients as individuals or joint liability groups. While programme management and client appraisal in this Model may be a challenge, it is best suited to lending to enterprises. Keeping these validated models for delivery

12

metro city times of credit to the poor and the unorganized sector in view, RBI is moving towards a systems perspective for providing effective policy support not only because a number of different institutions, viz. banks, MFIs, NGOs & SHGs are involved, but also because these institutions have very different institutional goals. With this in view, a series of initiatives is being planned in the coming months for putting in place a more vibrant micro finance dispensation environment in the country where complementary and competitive models of micro finance delivery would be encouraged to co-exist. Govt.of India vide their notification dated August 29, 2000 have included ‘Micro Credit/Rural Credit’ in the list of permitted nonbanking financial company (NBFC) activities for being considered for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)/Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCB)/Non-Resident Indians (NRI) investment to encourage foreign participation in micro credit projects. This covers credit facility at micro level for providing finance to small producers and small micro enterprises in rural and urban areas. There is an urgent need for micro credit providers to shift from a minimalist approach – that is offering only financial intermediation – to an integrated approach to poverty alleviation taking a more holistic view of the client including provision of enterprise development services like marketing infrastructure, introduction of technology and design development. In this context, the setting up of the Micro Finance Development Fund marks an important step. Pursuant to the announcement of Union Finance Minister in his budget speech for the year 2000-01, this Rs. 100 crore Fund has been created in NABARD to support broadly the following activities: (a) giving training and exposure to self-help group (SHG) members, partner NGOs, banks and govt. agencies; (b) providing start-up funds to micro finance institutions and meeting their initial operational deficits; (c) meeting the cost of formation and nurturing of SHGs; (d) designing new delivery mechanisms; and (e) promoting research, action research, management information systems and dissemination of best practices in micro finance. This Fund is thus expected to address institutional and delivery issues like institutional growth and transfor mation, governance, accessing new sources of funding, building institutional capacity and increasing volumes. RBI and NABARD have contributed Rs. 40 crore each to this Fund. The balance Rs. 20 crore were contributed by 11 public sector banks. October 2010


metro city times

G

overnment of Andhra Pradesh has signed the Concession Agreement with L&T Hyderabad Metro Rail Pvt.Ltd for develop ment of Hyderabad Metro Rail project in public private partnership (ppp) mode. As required by the bid condition, L&T has formed this special purpose vehicle company for developing the project on design, build, finance, operate & transfer (dbfot) basis. The Agreement was signed by Urban Development Principal Secretary Mr.T.S.Appa Rao and the Managing Director of the newly formed L&T Hyderabad Metro Rail Pvt.Ltd Mr.V.B.Gadgil in the presence of Chief Minister Dr.K.Rosaiah, Municipal Administration Minister Mr.Anam Rama Narayana Reddy, Ministers from the city Mr.D.Nagender, Mr.Mukesh Goud and Mrs.Sabita Indra Reddy, Chief Secretary Mr.S.V.Prasad and Chairman of L&T Financial Services Mr.Y.M.Deovasthalee.

Metro Times Presiding over the function, Chief Minister Dr.K.Rosaiah has stated that with 71 km taken up in one go, Hyderabad Metro Rail project is one of the world’s largest metro rail projects and in fact the largest one in ppp mode. Out of the total project cost of ‘12,132 crore, L&T sought a grant of ‘1,458 crore (12%) and this entire grant amount will be borne by government of India. Thus, over ‘12,000 crore will come to the state as investment from private sector and central government. This is the single largest investment in the state, the Chief Minister has said.

METRO RAIL TO BEGIN

October 2010

13


Metro Times

metro city times

Thanking UPA Chairperson Mrs.Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh for sanctioning such a large project for solving the traffic problems of Hyderabad city, the Chief Minister has mentioned that the Prime Minister and the Planning Commission have appreciated the transparent and successful bid process for the project. The mammoth size of the project will generate employment for about 5000 engineers and about 45000 skilled and unskilled workers. The project involves consumption of 26 lakh tons of cement; 2 lakh tons of steel; and 58 lakh cubic meters of concrete and this will result in establishment of many ancillary industries around Hyderabad and will give a big fillip to developmental activities in various parts of Telangana region. Appreciating the engineering skills, financial resources and the quality work for which L&T is known, Chief Minster Dr.Rosaiah exhorted the L&T officials to achieve Financial Closure early and complete the project ahead of schedule. He has also advised them to make it a model metro rail system by incorporating the best features of various modern metro rail systems in the world and make Hyderabad the best city for living and for investments.

14

Hyderabad Metro Rail Ltd Chairman Dr.C.V.S.K.Sarma, Managing Director Mr.N.V.S.Reddy, Advisor Mr.T.Stanley Babu. CM’s Special Secretary Dr.K.S.Jawahar Reddy and other senior officials of government and Larsen & Toubro were present during the Agreement signing ceremony.

October 2010


metro city times

Metro Times

Salient features of Concession Agreement The project covers 3 high density traffic corridors of Hyderabad viz., i)Miyapur-LB Nagar (28.87 km); ii)JBSFalaknuma (14.78 km); & iii) Nagole-Shilparamam (27.51 km); Development of elevated metro rail system on design, build, operate, finance and transfer (DBFOT) basis in public private partnership (PPP) mode; Implementation of the project under AP Municipal Tramways Act, 2008; Concession Period is for 35 years (5 years construction period +30 years of operations period), with a provision of extension for another 25 years, provided the Concessionaire discharges it’s obligations without any material breach or default; Estimated Project cost is ‘12,132 crore. Any increase in cost shall also be borne by the Concessionaire; Estimated traffic demand is 15 lakh passengers per day in 2014 and 22 lakh passengers per day in 2024; Concessionaire can undertake Real Estate Development upto a maximum of 18.5 million sft subject to the municipal bye laws, through utilization of air space over the 269 acres of land earmarked for Rail facilities at their own cost. However, ownership of land and assets remains with Government and Concessionaire cannot sell the developed assets;

Intermodal integration with rail terminals, bus depots, MMTS stations and feeder buses;

Concessionaire can rent out the air space after commencement of operations of the Rail system and shall handover all the assets and the Rail system to Government at the end of the Concession Period;

Concessionaire shall pay to the Government from 21st year onwards 0.5% of the Realizable Fare net of taxes and increasing it additionally 0.5% every year, subject to a ceiling of 10%.

The Concessionaire shall provide the Government “Golden Share”, which requires an affirmative vote of the Government Director for passing any resolution on any of the “reserve matters”;

Way Forward: L&T has to submit bank guarantee for ‘360 crore as Performance Security to government and achieve Financial Closure for the project within 6 months. It has to complete geophysical and traffic surveys, freeze metro rail viaduct alignment and various facilities of the stations and depots and submit thousands of detailed designs and drawings for approval of Hyderabad Metro Rail authorities, Indian Railways, National Highways and other connected government agencies.

Cost of shifting the utilities shall be borne by Government; Concessionaire is responsible for safety of operations and shall obtain permission from the Commissioner of Railway Safety for opening the System for traffic; Key performance indicators include provision of enough air conditioned coaches and a number of other provisions to make the Rail System a state of the art world class Mass Rapid Transit System; System shall be designed for two minutes frequency but trains can initially be run with three to five minutes frequency; Fail-safe signaling system with latest features; Automatic Fare Collection system with smart cards and other devices;

October 2010

Fare structure consists of a minimum basic fare of ‘8/ - and a maximum fare of ‘19/- in 2014;

L&T has started shifting its key engineering experts from different parts of the country to Hyderabad. It has appointed it’s construction veteran Mr.V.B.Gadgil as the Managing Director of the new special purpose vehicle company to execute the Hyderabad Metro Rail project on fast track. Simultaneously, Hyderabad Metro Rail Ltd is also vigorously pursuing with various government agencies and private individuals for acquisition of land and properties, widening of roads and identification of utilities for starting the ground works in January 2011

15


metro city times

Great Personalities

Sarojini Naidu The Nightingale of India

Born on* 13 February 1879 *Born in* Hyderabad, India *Died on* 02 March 1949 *Nationality* India *Works & Achievements* First Indian woman president of Indian National Congress and first woman to be appointed Governor of any state in India. Sarojini Naidu Sarojini Naidu, also known as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya, was a famous Indian poet and a major freedom fighter who went on becoming the first Indian woman to be appointed the president of the Indian National Congress and the Governor of any state in India. Most of all, she was a noted child prodigy and a master of the children’s literature. Naidu was given a sobriquet Bharat Kokila (The Nightingale of India) on account of her beautiful poems and songs. Some of her best books that established her as a potent writer include The Golden Threshold, The Gift of India, and The Broken Wing. An active participant of the Indian Independence movement, Naidu joined the national movement taking Gandhi’s call and joined him in the popular Salt March to Dandi. With the Indian Independence in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement. arojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, India to the scientist, philosopher and a politieducator Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and Barada Sundari Devi. She was the eldest daughter of her parents. A political activist, her father was a co founder of the Nizam College and the first member of the India National Congress in Hyderabad. Chatto padhyaya was removed from his position as a penalty for his active participation in Indian Indepen dence movement. Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, Sarojini’s brother, was a political activist who played a key role in establishing the Berlin Committee and was influenced by Communism. He was allegedly killed by the Russian troops in 1937. Sarojini’s second brother Harindra nath Chattopadhyaya was a noted poet and playwright.

S

October 2010

17


Great Personalities

metro city times

A brilliant student, Sarojini won appreciation and fame by being selected in Madras University at just 12. In 1895, she went on to study at King’s College in London and later at Girton College, Cambridge University. She developed a liking and passion for reading and writing poems whilst still in college where she became proficient in many languages including Urdu, English, Persian, Telugu and Bengali. Whilst still in college, Sarojini met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu and both grew closer by the end of her college. Upon finishing her studied at age 19, she married him in 1898 during a period when inter-caste were marriages were rare and considered a crime in the Indian society. Nonethe less, the successful marriage of the couple prevented people from intervening into their personal life and taking it onto another stage. The couple had four children; Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leelamani. Her daughter Padmaja followed in to her footprints and became the Governor of West Bengal. In 1961, she published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn.

ambassador to England. In 1924, she became a delegate to the East African Indian Congress.

Sarojini Naidu had many credits to her, including a notable contribution to the Indian Independence Moveme nt. She joined the moveme nt at the rear of Bengal partition in 1905 and since then, she stuck to her commitment to the cause. While working for the Indian National Congress, she was introduced to many eminent personalities such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi with whom she shared a special bond and a very good rapport. During 1915-1918, she traveled across the India lecturing on social welfare, women empowerment, emancipation and nationalism. Inspired by Jawaharlal Nehru, she embarked on providing help and support for the indigo workers in Champaran who were being subjected to violence and oppression. In 1925, Naidu was appointed the President of the National Congress thus making her the first Indian women to hold the post. With the introduction of the Rowlett Act in 1919, Sarojini joined the Non-Cooperation Movement organized and led by Mahatma Gandhi. In the same year, she was appointed the Home Rule League’s

biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah entitled as The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Other acclaimed poems that came following are The Wizard Mask and A Treasury of Poems. Other selected works written by her include The Magic Tree and The Gift of India. She was given the name Bharat Kokila on account of the beautiful and rhythmic words of her poems that could be sung as well.

18

The Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu was a prolific writer and poet. The first volume of her poetries The Golden Threshold was published in 1905, after which two more collections The Bird of Time and The Broken Wing arrived in 1912 and 1917 respectively. Meanwhile in 1916, she authored and published a

In her last years, Sarojini actively participated in the freedom movement and was a part of the Round Table summit held in 1931. In 1942, she was arrested along with Mahatma Gandhi for her involvement in the Quit India movement and was jailed for almost 2 years. After her release from the jail, she presided over the Steering Committee at the Asian Relations Conference. With the independence of India in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement. She was the first woman to become the governor of a state. She died of a heart attack while working in her office on 2 March 1949. October 2010


metro city times

Great Personalities

Nightfall In

The City Of Hyderabad

Sarojini Naidu

October 2010

SEE how the speckled sky burns like a pigeon's throat, Jewelled with embers of opal and peridote. See the white river that flashes and scintillates, Curved like a tusk from the mouth of the city-gates. Hark, from the minaret, how the muezzin's call Floats like a battle-flag over the city wall. From trellised balconies, languid and luminous Faces gleam, veiled in a splendour voluminous. Leisurely elephants wind through the winding lanes, Swinging their silver bells hung from their silver chains. Round the high Char Minar sounds of gay cavalcades Blend with the music of cymbals and serenades. Over the city bridge Night comes majestical, Borne like a queen to a sumptuous festival.

07


metro city times

Tourism Times

GOLCONDA an icon of

DECCAN

20

October 2010


metro city times

Tourism Times

G

olconda Fort is famous for its military archi tecture. The defenses of this fort were so strong that no known attack of the time could penetrate its strong ramparts. No wonder, its downfall could only be engineered by the guile of a traitor. Though in an advanced state of decay, the fort still conveys the majesty of its heydays. Golconda Fort is a marvelous piece of military architecture. It was one of the most defensive and impregnable strongholds of its time with massive ramparts, bastions, and gateways. The fort also reflects the architectural skill of its builders, who built it atop a rugged boulder-strewn terrain. The marvelous acoustic features of the fort speak highly of technical achievements of the builders of that time. The architectural skill of the Qutab Shahi rulers of Golconda Fort is further reflected from the waterworks seen in the premises of the fort and below it. People living within the precincts of the fort, the royal baths, both residential and administrative buildings, received their due share of water, through a maze of well-laid clay pipes fed by Persian wheels (located below the fort). As Golconda is strategically located in the peninsular part of India, it acquired prominence on the political map of India when the Kakatiya rulers built Mangalawaram or Mankal, a mud fort in Golconda in 1143. The glory of the Golconda fort grew under the rulers of the Bahamani kingdom when they took over this fort in 1364. In 1507, Quli Qutab Shah founded the kingdom of Golconda and turned the mud fort into a strong fortress. Golconda Fort has a strange savage grandeur to which the mammoth boulders on the surrounding hills contribute a rugged and eerie charm. From the top of the acropolis, the walls of Golconda Fort appear meandering nearly four miles in circumference with 87 semi-circular bastions, eight gateways and four drawbridges, further secured by a deep moat running below the awesome ramparts. Later on, an irregular rhombus with a rough pentagon (known as the Naya Quila) was added to its northeastern side. Aurangzeb completely destroyed the fort in 1687 and left it in a heap of pathetic ruins. Huge cannons can still be seen mounted at a few vantage points. The defense architecture at Golconda Fort was so strong that it could face any known artillery attack of the 17th century. Golconda Fort actually consists of four distinct forts joined together. The lowest of these is the outermost enclosure that can be entered through the Fateh Darwaza (victory gate, so called after Aurangzeb’s triumphant army marched in through this gate and destroyed the entire fort in 1687) near the southeastern corner. It is a vast tract covered with mansions of nobles, bazaars, temples, mosques, soldiers’ barracks, powder magazines, stables, etc.

October 2010

21


Tourism Times Golconda fort has a number of imposing gateways. The Fateh Darwaza (victory gate) is a marvel of architecture and is known for its acoustics. A clap of hands at the portico is heard at the Balahisar Baradari (a wind-swept pavilion) on top of the acropolis. This acted as the warning note to residents in case of danger, though it is now a mere amusing diversion to visitors. Most of the massive bastions still uphold cannons left behind by the Qutab Shahis and Mughal forces. The Fateh Rahbir canon (guide to victory) was mounted by Aurangzeb on the Pethla Burj where it stands as reminder of the Mughal emperor’s determination to conquer Golconda.

The Balahisar Darwaza is the most impressive gateway of this fort and is guarded ‘;by statues of mythical beasts and lions. From the Balahisar Darwaza starts the uphill ascent of some 380 uneven stone steps. The main structure of the Golconda fort is laid out in a sequence of enclosures that provide a transition from public and administrative structures to the royal residences and halls. The mortuary baths lie to the right of the portico. Earthen pipes fed the large cisterns here, the source of hot and cold water. The baths were meant for the deceased harem ladies who were given the ritualistic bath before burial outside the Banjara Gate. Nagina Bagh, now in complete

22

metro city times ruins, lies within an enclosed area. The offices of Akanna and Madanna, two important Hindu officials in the Qutab Shahi court, are further up. The large iron weights, half buried in the ground, are curious relics of the past. Ruins of the Ambar Khana and Bari Baoli (step well) are close to the upper terrace. One can also see a Hindu temple belonging to the Kakatiya period carved out of a huge boulder. It has colorful murals of the Goddess Kali on the white-painted façade. Another important structure is the mosque built by Tara mati. As one continues to move up, one is bound to see the unu sual clay pipes fitted into the wall planksevidence of an efficient water supply arrange ment to the uphill residential area. A series of Persian wheels carried water from the reser voirs to upper terra ces from where the pipes channe lized it into baths, cister ns, gardens, and kitchens. This is a sixteenth-century engineering marvel. Promi nent corner min arets disti nguish the small mosque built by Ibrahim Quli Qutab Shah. The c o u r t y a r d extends up to the ramparts provi ding spectacular views of the landscape below for miles. Close to the mosque lies a small Ram Mandir. Steep narrow steps descend to the zenana quarters (residence of women belonging to the royal household). These palaces, built on massive platforms, had high ceilings and walls covered with decorative niches, alcoves and cornices, essentially Persian in design. The tall wooden columns, now lost, reveal the bare structure of the triple-vaulted hall. Delicate arabesques in the roundels above the side arches constitute the elegant ornamentation on stucco. The great Golconda fort is located on the western side of the city of Hyderabad.

October 2010


metro city times

Career Times

Animation

he word animation is derived from a Latin word anima breathes into characters. The art of animation started with the cavemen who used to draw pictures on the rocks surfaces. Then who can forget Walt Disney for the creation of his cartoons especially the Mickey Mouse! In the present sense it means linking the series of drawings and simulating their movements together. It is a rapid display of 2D or 3D images to create an illusion of motion. It is an art form in which inanimate objects are brought into life by sequencing the drawn images.

T

October 2010

23


Career Times

Animation is emerging a special form of media now days. Animation is growing into a multi-billion dollar industry generating a great scope of employment for those who ready to try their skills into it. From a simple flick book to the computer 3D animation of stories, animation involves a lot of hard work and long hours of meticulous planning. This field being new to the Indian sector has a lot of hidden potential and talent, which needs to be properly groomed and exploited according to the international standards. There are many companies like Walt Disney, I Max and Sony who are ready to outsource their cartoon characters and are ready to invest heavily in this sector in India. Nature of Work 3D animation is a complete teamwork and works on the creative ideas.3D animation itself is a combination of wide variety of career combinations. The various steps included in the making of a 3D animation movie consists of: Story,Story Boarding,Character Sketch,Concept creation,Modeling,Environments, Rigging, Character and Mechanical Animation, Storyboard Animation, Lighting, Texturing, Dynamics, Voice Recording, Digital Editing, Vfx, Final Film So one can work as a Modeler , Layout artist, Clean-up artist , Scanner operator , Digital ink and paint artist, Compositor, Key frame animator, Background artist, In-between animator Every role is crucial for the successful creation of the Animated project. Personality Animation is a creative thing and one needs to have creativity while handling it. It not being a mechanical subject needs lot of passion and

24

metro city times imaginative skills. One should have flair for sketching/ drawing. It needs long hours of continuous work with a whole lot of dedication. One should be good at visualizations, choice of colors and acting too. Though this profession seems to be quite unglamorous, yet it is very exciting and unless one has the complete dedication and interest in it one should not enter this field. Educational Qualifications For a diploma and for a bachelor degree in animation one needs to have passed 12th standard from any recognized board with minimum of 45% marks. For postgraduate program one should have a bachelor’s degree in any discipline preferably arts. One should have a basic knowledge of handling computers. Some of the institutes like Industrial Design Center (IDC), Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and Indian Institute of Design (NID) have a strict eligibility criterion-only graduate of architecture, technology and engineering, fine arts can apply for this course. Professional Courses There are various diploma and degree programs in animation and multimedia.

October 2010


metro city times These courses focus on teaching and equipping a person in various styles and techniques of animation, which may include: *Traditional animation * Stopmotion animation * Rotoscoping * Computer generated 3D and 2D animation * Clay-mation * Photoshop * Human anatomy * Drawing Colleges, Institutions and Universities * National Institute of Design (NID (www.nid.edu.com) * J.J School of Arts. * Zee Institute of Creative Arts (ZICA) (www.zica.org) * Industrial Design Center (IDC), IIT Mumbai and Guwahati * Arena Multimedia (www.arena-multi media.com) * Maya Academy of Advanced Cinematics (www.maa cindia.com) * TOONZ Animation India Pvt. Ltd. (www.toonz anim ationindia.com) * Academy of Digital Arts and Communication (www.killickchallenger.com) * RAI University (www.raiuniversity.edu) * ANIMASTER (www.animaster.com) Specialization One can specialize as a 3D or 2D modeler, special FX Creator, Animator, Character Designer, Games Designer, Interaction Designer. Career Prospects NASSCOM says that India’s gaming industry (computer games and mobile games) is expected to generate $424 million by the 2010. There has been a US$14 million deal between Italy’s Mondo TV, Europe’s No 2 cartoon producer and distributor, and India’s Padmalaya Telefilms. This is expected to boost India’s creative reputation. NASSCOM has projected a creation of an additional 300,000 jobs in this sector in next few years. Indian animation industry though a late starter is on the threshold of a boom period and so has a great career potential. India has great mythological stories and characters, good artists and technicians. Animation application areas include myriad avenues in the following areas * Entertainment (movies and television) * Business (product promotions and marketing demos) * Sales (presentations) * Education (Computer Based Tutorials/Web Based Tutorials) * Publishing (graphics and printing) * Virtual reality in Defense * Web designing * Engineering * Advertising (commercials and print ads) * Fashion designing and interior designing * Development of computer games/ mobile games * Medical, legal and insurance industry (presentations and models) * Leading studios and training institutes Remunerations Animation is a sparkling career option even though it is at its nascent October 2010

Career Times

stage in India. It is rightly said that animation is a career where one can literally ‘draw’ ones salary. The training institutes help the candidates in their placements. After finishing the in-house training in some leading animation production studio, you can be a junior animator and can start earning between Rs.12000 to Rs.14000. A senior animator with an experience of 3 to 5 years can take home a sum of Rs.25000 to Rs.35000. But if you have a portfolio of some good and outstanding animation work you would even be able to earn more than Rs.50000 to Rs.60000.So in just a few years one can draw a salary of six figures. Arena Animation Ameerpet Arena Multimedia is Asia s leader in Multimedia Education, and is spread across 11 countries. It provides professionals courses in the latest Multimedia industry relevant courses backed by alliances with world leaders, a world-class Multimedia technical education tools. Understanding the industry requirement from well-trained animation professionals, with the knowledge of animation techniques to fit into world-class standards, Arena launched the Arena Animation Academy in the year 2000. The Academy has, since its launch, pioneered the Multimedia animation-training front in India, helping the Multimedia industry leverage the potential advantages being offered by the expanding avenues. The Academys focus has been to make its programs an exact and relevant match with the Multimedia animation industrys demands.

25


metro city times

Fashion Times

P

ochampally Ikat Sarees, Sarees of South India Pochampally Ikat sarees are distinguished for their unique designs and fine fabrics. The manufacturing history of Pochampally Ikat sarees dates back to 1970. It has been said that at that time, some village headmen of Pochampally decided to weave silk along with cotton to make a better living. Two young weavers were sent to learn the secrets of the art to Bangalore. This was the beginning of a revolutionary era in the Pochampally handloom industry. Unlike the Orissan industry, the weaving of Pochampally sarees appears to be a modern development without strong indigenous roots. Most evidences suggest that Ikat weaving began in the late nineteenth century, when most of the original textiles were large scarves (rumal) made for export to Arabia. Only poor local fishermen and the people of low classes wore these cloths. In present times, the weavers are employed from Dravidian (Teluguspeaking) Hindu communities, namely Padmasalis and Devangs.

October 2010

27


Fashion Times

Pochampalli, in Nalgonda district, is famous for its Ikat sarees. It is not the only town where Ikat sarees are woven, however, as many towns in Nalgonda, Hyderabad and Guntur districts, such as Chirala, Golgonda and Jalna are some of the known centres of Pochampally Ikat sarees. The Ikat weaving is called by the name of ‘chit-ku‘ in these places. Overall, Ikat sarees do not appear to have been made in the Pochampalli area until the 1950s. The earlier Pochampalli Ikat sarees show designs closer to the Siddipet khans rather than the Ikat rumals. Like the khans, the borders of these early Pochampalli Ikats were only embellished with supplementary-warp patterns. The endpiece of the sarees consisted of a series of bands of different widths descending in size from the large central band. Unlike the khans, these bands were only embellished with weft-Ikat dyed threads. The 8-metre (26-foot) saree called zjanani, has Ikat bands in the endpiece and it was one the woven in Pochampally. Even it has also been proved that the north in Bastar, the Dhurua tribal saree incorporated Ikat checks in its body. The Pochampally involves about 5000 handloom weavers who create sarees in traditional Ikat work. Following the present trends, Ikat silk sarees are created with design layouts similar to the old khan style. This is the indication of a possible link between the much older supplementarythread Siddipet khan sarees woven in this area and today‘s Ikat industry. Gradually, as the history of the Pochampally tradition proceeded, the Pochampalli‘s Ikat saree industry had progressed. In the meantime, the patterns of the sarees had been changed and had evolved into what are now recognized as the characteristic sarees of this area. The characteristic features of Pochampally Ikat sarees lie in the big, bold and bright patterning. The modernization of thought and choice has inspired the artisans to create modern motifs that are abstract, modernist and geometric, with plenty of brilliant colours. The most modern Pochampalli Ikat designs have origins in the rumal. The majority of Pochampally Ikat sarees are vibrantly coloured, however, and although there is a wide range of modern designs. Most of the designs still follow the rumal layout with wide plain borders, one or two plain bands marking the endpiece, and a field covered with Ikat-created designs. As per the history, the Ikat sarees of Andhra Pradesh appear to have closer ties with Gujarat than Orissa. Two brothers from one of the original rumal-weaving families in Chirala are believed to have trained in Gujarat in the early years of the twentieth century. Today the Pochampalli and Chirala areas specialize in creating imitation patola sarees and some of these imitations are very close to the originals although the weaving is often less fine. The characteristic patolu motifs are often

28

metro city times

interspersed within the rumal format, leading to the typical patolu elephants (enuga), parrots (ciluka), dancing girls (annu) and flowers (poovu) being placed within the geometric grid of the rumal-style field. Other imitation patola have purely geometric forms within the field, something not seen in the traditional Gujarati versions. Most of these imitation patola sarees are also embellished with Ikat borders and endpieces. The designs of the imitation sarees are usually less complex than the multiple bands found in the originals. They are woven in silk, cotton and silk-cotton mixes. The Pochampally Ikat sarees have a good market in India and abroad because the weavers use modern synthetic colours and create exclusive designs that are typical of the saree tradition. As per the history, the weavers of Pochampally Ikat sarees were influenced by the Paolu designs of Gujarat. The weavers, who are involved in creating Pochampally sarees, follow a particular way for weaving the sarees. At first, the yarn for the warp and weft is stretched on warping blocks in the form of quarter circle. They consist of one strong peg connected with a circular segment of a wooden plank. These are studded with about 35 pegs. Then the thread is stretched on it and divided into a number of sets. After the weaving is done, the artisans go for dyeing the fabric. The dying process is repeated several times. The process of dyeing involves taking off the yarn and stretching it. Them it is partly opened and tied again for dyeing. The method of weaving the Pochampally sarees is similar to the tieand-dye method, but the yarn is dyed before weaving. All Andhra Pradesh Ikat sarees are sold in major urban centres. Like the older rumal trade goods, its Ikat sarees are primarily made for export rather than for local markets. The weavers of Andhra Pradesh create Ikat sarees that are simple and geometric designs are incorporated in the good quality Ikat sarees. Apart from Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Orissa are the hubs for creating the Pochampally Ikat sarees.

October 2010


metro city times

Evening Times

Hyderabad Night life Parties & Entertainment.

HYDERABAD NIGHT yderabad has an energetic and a cosmo politan nightlife. There are many pubs and bars in Hyderabad that are open till the wee hours. The nightlife offers some popular entertainment with nightclubs, theaters and live music that attracts young adults. Banjara Hills, Begumpet and Somajiguda are always buzzing with excitement.You can sit and listen to the sounds of live entertainment, or dance the night away at one of the hottest clubs. Regardless of your pleasure, you are sure to have the time of your life.

H

Popular Spots...

LIFE FEVER

As the sun goes down Hyderabad Nightlife heats up. Prepare yourself for a great nightlife in Hyderabad! There are plenty to choose from. Popular nightspots in Hyderabad include Zouk, 10 Downing Street, F Bar & Lounge, Bottles & Chimneys, Touch, Liquids and Coco's. Some popular nightspots are within hotels and others are independent. Few Nightclubs are limited to the five-star hotels, which all have their own discos, bars and sometimes gaming rooms. As you'd expect, these are mainly frequented by hotel guests - well heeled Indian and foreign tourists - but they're open to any reasonably dressed patron. partygoers can find a variety of upcoming events at local hotspots that may be of interest. You can find few discos and all-night joints further out of the city. Most of them have couple-entry. The city comes alive during the night and these places tend to shut early in the morning. Few places have restrictions where you are allowed only with your partner. October 2010

29


Evening Times

metro city times

Ladies Night... Our Hyderabadi ladies are not left behind, one can find 'Ladies Night' on every Wednesday or Thursday where only ladies are allowed to shake their long legs and have fun & masti. Few clubs arrange 'Ladies Night' on other days of the week too. Now with so many pubs to choose from, the party circuit has just got hotter for youngsters. Youngsters are always full of energy and don't shy away from the dance floor either. It is nice to see all fresh faces.

List of Hyderabad Pubs, Clubs & Bars 360 Degrees Club, Bleu-Lounge & Dine,Coco's, F Bar & Lounge, Firangi Paani, Liquids Again, Myst, Rio,Touch, Venom, Xtreme Sports Bar, Zouk Lounge, Spoil, 10 Downing Street, 99 Mhz, Bottles and Chimneys, Dublin, Sparks, Block Buster, Enigmaa, Levitate, Outswinger, Xtreme Sports Bar, Escape The Fun Place, Ullasa, Ebony Lounge, Golkonda Resorts & Spa,Fifth Element, Unwind, H2 The Pub,Hydrate, Hampshire Plaza Hotel, Lounge Bar and many more

30

October 2010


metro city times

Weekend Times

DHOLA

RI - DHANI

"An Ethnic Rajasthani Village" M/s.Gupta's Hotel & Motels have created "An Ethnic Rajasthani Village" at Kompally on Medchal Highway under the banner of "DHOLA-RI-DHANI" just 11km away from Secunderabad. The Majestic entrance opens the door to a word of folk love and culture, an Ethnic fantasy a culmination of the images and dreams of a visitors to experience the true Rajasthani life style. In the evening the whole village is lit up with 2000 lanterns and village fair goes on with complete zest. Introducing Dhola-ri-Dhani to explore the concept of 'Film Shooting'. Dhola-ri-Dhani is an ideal place for film shooting too. We have perfect settings with beautiful locations as required for a good film. Many super hit films like Kanyadanam, Sivayya, Suryavansham, Chandralekha etc. people and is also a major locate for film shooting.

October 2010

31


Weekend Times

metro city times

POOL SIDE A grand pool angle with beauty of Rajasthan spread all around you. The beautifully laid out swimming pool with cool breeze invites you to splash off this summer in style. PANCHADEVA MANDIR The open-air temple quadra angle providing a serene atmosphere. Specially made Chhatris at corner and center. Best for holding Religious Festivals. Wedding Ceremonies. Jagarans & Pooja. MAAN MANUHAR You can get a taste of Royal Rajasthani Chowki style Dining Hall. And a tastefully decorated restaurant SANGRI on the top floor, specially Designed to host kitty Parties, Family, Get-Together. Club Meetings & Informal Gatherings. COTTAGES Designed especially for Get togethers,Parties, Weddings and Receptions. Cottages for staying purpose are being constucted, thereby making this place a complete Resort. TAKSHILA The Conference Hall with the perfect anbience for making your Meeting, Seminars, AGM's, Parties, or Just Get together a great sucess. GHUMAR JHUMAR A large open air amphitheatre. And an in-built-stage. Can be used for Fund Raising show. Seminars Conferences, Competitions performing plays, Dances, Puppet shows and other variety Programmes. KATHPUTLI The Amphitheatre is well Designed for performing plays, Dances, Puppet shows and other variety Programmes JODHPUR HUT A mini handicrafts mela with crafts depicting the Rajasthani culture. You will really be amazed at the range of products on display. The member are also allowed to display their handicrafts. LAKE SIDE An enchanting view of the lovely lake side. Enhancing your joys of celebrations. Ideal Corparate Picnics. School / College Picnics. Staff Picnics & Delegate Dinners. Dinners, Boating facilities also available. LAWNS The lush green large spacious & cool lawns at once floor you. Suited for Wedding Reception. Large Banquets AGM & Melas.

32

Contact Address Dhola-ri-Dhani, Ethnic Rajasthani Village, Kompally Village, Medchal Road, (11kms. from Secunderabad) Ph : 7866019, 7866020, City Office. Ph : 7845453 October 2010


metro city times

Health Times

Sexual Problems in

MEN

A sexual problem, or sexual dysfunction, refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle has four phases: excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), it is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss. Fortunately, most cases of sexual dysfunction are treatable, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.

October 2010

33


Health Times What causes sexual problems? Sexual dysfunction can be a result of a physical or psychological problem. Physical causes : Many physical and/or medical conditions can cause problems with sexual function. These conditions include diabetes, heart and vascular (blood vessel) disease, neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and alcoholism and drug abuse. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressant drugs, can affect sexual desire and function. Psychological causes : These include work-related ,stress and , anxiety, concern about sexual perfor mance, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, and the effects of a past sexual trauma.

metro city times ejaculation, the most common form of sexual dysfunction in men, often is due to nervousness over how well he will perform during sex. Certain drugs, including some anti-depressants, may affect ejaculation, as can nerve damage to the spinal cord or back. Retrograde ejaculation is common in males with diabetes who suffer from diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). This is due to problems with the nerves in the bladder and the bladder neck that allow the ejaculate to flow backward and into the bladder. In other men, retrograde ejaculation occurs after operations on the bladder neck or prostate, or after certain abdominal operations. In addition, certain

Who is affected by sexual problems? Both men and women are affected by sexual problems. Sexual problems occur in adults of all ages. Among those commonly affected are those in the geriatric population, which may be related to a decline in health associated with aging. How do sexual problems affect men? The most common sexual problems in men are ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunction, and inhibited sexual desire. What are ejaculation disorders? There are different types of ejaculation disorders, including: Premature ejaculation — This refers to ejaculation that occurs before or soon after penetration. Inhibited or retarded ejaculation — This is when ejaculation is slow to occur. Retrograde ejaculation — This occurs when, at orgasm, the ejaculate is forced back into the bladder rather than through the urethra and out the end of the penis. In some cases, premature and inhibited ejaculation are caused by a lack of attraction for a partner, past traumatic events and psychological factors, including a strict religious background that causes the person to view sex as sinful. Premature

34

medications, particularly those used to treat mood disorders, may cause problems with ejaculation. This generally does not require treatment unless it impairs fertility. October 2010


metro city times What is erectile dysfunction? Also known as impotence, erectile dysfunction is defined as the inability to attain and/or maintain an erection suitable for intercourse. Causes of erectile dysfunction include diseases affecting blood flow, such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries); nerve disorders; psychological factors, such as stress, depression, and performance anxiety (nervousness over his ability to sexually perform); and injury to the penis. Chronic illness, certain medications, and a condition called Peyronie’s disease (scar tissue in the penis) also can cause erectile dysfunction. What is inhibited sexual desire? Inhibited desire, or loss of libido, refers to a decrease in desire for, or interest in sexual activity. Reduced libido can result from physical or psychological factors. It has been associated with low levels of the hormone testosterone. It also may be caused by psychological problems, such as anxiety and depression; medical illnesses, such as diabetes and high blood pressure; certain medications, including some anti-depressants; and relationship difficulties. How Are Male Sexual Problems Diagnosed? The doctor likely will begin with a thorough history of symptoms. He or she may order other tests to rule out any medical problems that may be contributing to the dysfunction. The doctor may refer you to other doctors, including a urologist (a doctor specializing in the urinary tract and male reproductive system), an endocrinologist (a doctor specializing in glandular disorders), a neurologist (a doctor specializing in disorders of the nervous system), sex therapists and other counselors What tests are used to evaluate sexual problems? Several tests can be used to evaluate the causes and extent of sexual problems. They include:

Health Times How is male sexual dysfunction treated? Many cases of sexual dysfunction can be corrected by treating the underlying physical or psychological problems. Treatment strategies may include the following: Medical treatment : This involves treatment of any physical problem that may be contributing to a man’s sexual dysfunction. Medications : Medications, such as Cialis, Viagra or Levitra , may help improve sexual function in men by increasing blood flow to the penis. Hormones : Men with low levels of testosterone may benefit from hormone supplementation (Testosterone replacement therapy). Psychological therapy — Therapy with a trained counselor can help a person address feelings of anxiety, fear or guilt that may have an impact on sexual function. Mechanical aids — Aids such as vacuum devices and penile implants may help men with erectile dysfunction. Education and communication — Education about sex and sexual behaviors and responses may help a man overcome his anxieties about sexual performance. Open dialogue with your partner about your needs and concerns also helps to overcome many barriers to a healthy sex life Can sexual problems be cured? The success of treatment for sexual dysfunction depends on the underlying cause of the problem. The outlook is good for dysfunction that is related to a treatable or reversible physical condition. Mild dysfunction that is related to stress, fear, or anxiety often can be successfully treated with counseling, education, and improved communication between partners.

Blood tests — These tests are done to evaluate hormone levels. Vascular assessment — This involves an evaluation of the blood flow to the penis. A blockage in a blood vessel supplying blood to the penis may be contributing to erectile dysfunction. Sensory testing — Particularly useful in evaluating the effects of diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage), sensory testing measures the strength of nerve impulses in a particular area of the body. Nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity testing — This test is used to monitor erections that occur naturally during · sleep. This test can help determine if a man’s erectile problems are due to physical or psychological causes.

October 2010

35


Health Times

metro city times Can sexual problems be prevented? While sexual problems cannot be prevented, dealing with the underlying causes of the dysfunction can help you better understand and cope with the problem when it occurs. There are some things you can do to help maintain good sexual function: Follow your doctor’s treatment plan for any medical/ health conditions. Limit your alcohol intake. Quit smoking. Deal with any emotional or psychological issues such as stress, depression, and anxiety. Get treatment as needed. Increase communication with your partner. When should I call my doctor? Many men experience a problem with sexual function from time to time. However, when the problems are persistent, they can cause distress for the man and his partner, and have a negative impact on their relationship. If you consistently experience sexual function problems, see your doctor for evaluation and treatment.


metro city times

Fitness Times

YOGA for BEGINNERS

oga, while existing for over 5,000 years, is getting a newfound popularity world wide. People are flocking to yoga classes and buying books about this ancient science which is said to “remove the root cause of suffering” according to Patanjali, the first person to write down the principles of yoga. Yoga is translated to mean to “yoke” or to “join”, can be defined as a union with all. There are many different paths of yoga, ranging from service to science.Hatha yoga, which is the type which is popular today, comprises the postures and exercises that most people associate with the term yoga, and can be complemented by various techniques of breathing of meditation and breathing, as well as philosophy. Celebrities and yoga teachers alike are writing books and making videos which extol the myriad benefits of practicing hatha yoga, as in the new book Living Yoga. Hatha yoga is considered a scientific path because the results of the techniques are consistent. It is said to be a path to obtaining inner peace along with lots of other good things

Y

October 2010

The following represents some of the questions that students ask when they are starting a yoga practice. What should I consider when starting yoga? When starting yoga, you may want to do an assessment of your goals for yoga, the amount of time you are interested in spending on it, and your current physical condition. While these are important considerations, don’t worry too much about them because chances are, once you begin a yoga practice, all these factors will begin to change.

37


Fitness Times

Should I go to classes or learn at home? You will want to consider the availability of classes for you. While it is great to use books and tapes, at some point it is important to work with a good teacher to help you to refine your poses. Many of the tapes available today are done by the leaders in the field of yoga and are excellent examples. There is a relationship of feedback in the classroom that is invaluable, but don’t be discouraged if you don’t have access to good classes. One of the yoga teachers I met through my yoga teachers training had only done video classes before starting her yoga teachers training. She lived in a very rural area and is now introducing the only yoga classes within a hundred miles. Should I have a physical exam before starting a yoga practice? In yoga, one of the objectives is to gain selfawareness. While we are cultivating this from within, it is still useful to start with a really good physical exam to benchmark our state of our health. While yoga is known for its excellent results in treating certain conditions and as a preventative tool, there after often contraindications for the same conditions. So, while one pose may be very helpful for someone with a certain condition, another pose could be detrimental.

metro city times How do my yoga teacher, my healthcare practioner and I work together? It is important that the yoga practitioner be aware of any limitations that she needs to put on her yoga practice, and be able to relay these conditions to the yoga teacher. I see the relationship between the yoga practitioner, the yoga teacher, and the health care practitioner as three legs of a triangle that need to balance, as follows: 1. It is critical that an individual be aware of his or her own needs and limits, and understand how to incorporate them into his or her practice, to express them to the yoga instructor and to inform the health care practitioner with relevant data. 2. The health care practitioner can utilize diagnostic tools and provide suggested guidelines of safe practices for the individual. 3. The yoga teacher can use the information provided to him or her regarding the student’s conditions to modify the student’s routine and or poses to suit the situation. What do experts suggest my physical exam should include? While it is important to find the right yoga teacher to modify the practice, we need the in-depth diagnostics we need to stay on top of our health needs.. Harvard-trained M.D. and Integrative Medicine expert, Dr.Andrew Weil suggests the following elements as a part of a physical exam that one might encounter in mid-life. Full medical history and physical exam Complete blood count, general blood chemistry, and serum lipid profile Urinalysis and stool sample , Electro cardiogram and baseline screening tests , Many holistic practitioners are highly attuned to the subtle changes in the individual before actual illness manifests and may have many additional diagnostic tools and analyses to add to this list. Some specific conditions that extremely critical to be aware of when doing yoga include: cardiac conditions, high- or low- blood pressure, pregnancy, osteoporosis, ulcers or eye and ear conditions, and many poses are contraindicated during menstruation.

38

October 2010


metro city times

Sports Times

Big hands in

“COMMON WEALTH”

he contempt letters of forgery and fraud in Commonwealth Games resulted in an abnormally affliction of our nation’s picture. The bulk of finances used up on modernizing the venues for Commonwealth Games acco mmodate a prima facie affirmation of ample calibration enticement in the alignment of Commonwealth Games. The abstracts accessible on the Commonwealth Games website reveals that the amount of refurbishing the JNU stadium was USD 215 million; the IGI Stadium USD 150 million; the Hockey stadium (named after Dhyan Chand) USD 60 million; and the Shooting Alleys USD 35 million. An absolute sum of USD 10150 million was spent on renovations. The costs incurred in the advance of the lone cricket stadium in Delhi were USD 20 million. For the LBS stadium in Hyderabad was USD 18 million, and architecture of a contem porary and technology studded stadium in the city of oranges amounted USD 19 million. It is acute that the Central Government anon adjustment a

T

October 2010

top akin analysis into this arrangement and the dealings embarked on. It is abominable that such all-embracing abusage of communal resources has taken abode in the name of the Commonwealth Games. The accusations of inducement ambit from favoritism in accolade of affairs to big-ticket appoint of accessories for training and abrupt accretion in the costs of architecture treaties.

39


Sports Times

metro city times

B r i d g e Collapses; Casualties cross double figures: Reportedly not less than 27 people were afflicted afterwards an under-construction foot over bridge burst within the close proximity of the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the capital area of the Common wealth Games, bidding the Organizing Commi ttee (OC) to awning up by giving a statement or in other words a false sense of complacency and assurance that everything is being taken care of. The arch was to hotlink the amphitheater to parking for delegates and athletes. The Urban Development Minister, Jaipal Reddy has dismissed the pressures by quoting it is a negligible incident. The Public Works Department (PWD) has urged for an acoount of the structure from the builders. Later the aforementioned day, Organizing Committee Secretary General Lalit Bhanot addressed reporters: “We will put up a great show. He said the venues will be all set in the days to come and there would be added sprucing to accommodate top notch standards. However, the mishap is a concern to the CWG organizers, who are already nabbed amidst accuse of laziness and fraud for the XIX Edition. Previously, Mike Hooper, the main controller of the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), remarked on the condition of hygiene at the Games Village as “dirty.” At least 23 construction workers and throwing further doubt on the viability of next month’s multination games.The injured people, five of them in serious condition, were taken to hospitals. The overhead bridge was to connect a parking lot with the main Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, which is to host opening and closing ceremonies as well as showpiece athletic events for the October 3-14 games.Alarming delays in completion of the athletes’ village has prompted fresh fears about the viability of the Commonwealth Games, with a New Zealand delegate saying on Tuesday that next month’s event “may not happen.” Even before New Zealand said it may be impossible to make the full village habitable in the two days before it officially opens to the first of 7,000 athletes and officials, Commonwealth Games

40

Federation chief Michael Fennell had contacted the Indian government urging immediate action to finish “seriously compromised” accommodation that had shocked foreign visitors. New Zealand, along with Canada, Scotland and Ireland, described the accommodation as “unlivable” and the 300-strong New Zealand contingent of athletes and officials had been allocated new quarters.Fennell said advance parties from the international Commonwealth Games Associations had been impressed with the international zone and main dining area within the village, “however, the condition of the residential zone has shocked the majority of CGAs that are in Delhi. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key was hopeful games organisers would be able to remedy the outstanding issues but did not rule out a withdrawal from the event.The buildup to the games has been plagued by problems with construction of venues and infrastructure falling well behind schedule, causing concern over the safety and quality of the buildings and speculation of corruption in the awarding of contracts and structural compliance certificates.But the delays in construction have been overshadowed more recently by safety concerns, heightened on the weekend after two unidentified gunmen on a motorcycle shot and wounded two tourists near the Jama Masjid, one of India’s biggest mosques.Police patrols have been increased and a massive hunt for the gunmen launched. The two injured tourists were recovering from their injuries and were expected to leave the hospital soon.

October 2010


metro city times

I would like to do better Sachin Te n d u l k a r achin Tendulkar has said his decision to skip India’s last three one-day assignments was not p r e d e t e r mined, and that he had no difficulty i n switching across the three versions of the game. It has been eight months since Tendulkar’s last ODI, in which he scored the format’s first double-century. Since then, he has missed the Asia Cup and the tri-series in Sri Lanka, as well as the home one-day series against Australia. In the meantime, he has been in top form in Test cricket, where he is currently ranked No. 1 in the world, and in non-international Twenty20s for the Mumbai Indians franchise.

S

Sports Times

good to be No. 1, but we want to continue playing well to stay there. “I would like to do better, would like to work harder. I don’t like to count the numbers. The closer I look at the ball is more impor tant than the num bers.” Tendulkar will seek to score his 50th Test century during the series against New Zealand, which begins in Ahmeda bad on Nov. 4.

“The decision to skip the last two ODI series was taken at the last moment and was not predecided. My kit always contained coloured pads,” Tendulkar said. “I have been playing cricket for some time now. If I was not playing cricket there would be something to think about. Having been around for some time, I know how to adjust to the formats. I know my body. I would do whatever is needed for the World Cup and it won’t be pre-decided.” Tendulkar was guarded against losing sight of the upcoming New Zealand series by focusing on the potentially bigger challenges that lie ahead. “It’s tough to talk now about the South Africa series and the World Cup. The focus is on the Test series against New Zealand. We have got three Tests to play before South Africa. When we go there the focus would be on that. Before the World Cup, there’s lot of cricket to be played.” Tendulkar’s form in Test cricket has coincided with India’s rise to the top of the world rankings, and he cherished being a part of it. However, he was keen to keep improving as a batsman. “What we have been able to achieve as a team in the last few years is remarkable. We want to continue doing this. It feels

October 2010

41


metro city times

Movie Times

Sekhar

K.A.M.M.U.L.A

SOFTWARE TO

Filmfare I

t was more or less than two decades ago, a huge class of middle class patrons patronized passionate directors who are well aware of the feelings of middle class society. As times went on trends have changed. There was a sect of crude directors who were rather from a rugged wealthy rural back ground or from a neo rich backward sects had no idea of a refined culture of middle class have made a mess out of mass movies. Mass movies production has become the mantra of Tollywood. Blood spilled out of silver screen, heads rolled out, vengence mixed with muscle power love stories have become order of the day. Middle class has no passion for this blood lust movies, which rather believed in blood relationship. They were confined to tv sets where they have a choice to choose the best. Middle class youngsters have found a entertainment solace in the form of internet. It was after a long gap young director dragged middle class elite to theatres. Sekhar Kammula a middle class soft ware professional had a flair for movies. Sekhar Kammula The director who won a national award for his first movie. The director who won tons of awards including the best director Nandi. The director who’s third movie is one of top 3 grossers of the year 2006. Born in Hyderabad, Raised in Hyderabad. He did his Engineering in Osmania University with a Bachelors degree in Computer Engineering. As, so often seen in most hyderabadis the US of A bug bit him too. He had to go the US of A to pursue his career in the Graduate program for Computer sciences. Sekhar says he always used to see something in a movie which many common movie-goers would not even notice. The intricacies. So, after graduating he got enrolled in

01 42

October 2010


metro city times

Movie Times

a film-making course in Howard University. Made numerous short movies, worked as a clap-man, lightsman, coninuity person, editor, screenwiter, director.. almost every field that is associated with in bringing a movie to light.

movie was lapped by youngsters more. Then he had distributors queued up. He made a small amount of profit on the movie. the movie won him the prestigious National award for the best debutant director. Sekhar has arrived.

One scene in the movie which will definitely make you to take notice of CHARACTER is when one couple who are expecting a baby in 2 months are frantically trying to get a visa so that the baby is born in USA and become a citizen. Forget the production value, this is a must watch movie. The language used is so common man’s language. The group of friends calling themselves Lafoot Gang (Fit-for-nothing). Sekhar had no idea of post-production, he had no idea as to where he should register his movie, he had no idea how to find a distributor and whom to show the screening to get a distributor to buy it. The movie has more of English than Hindi/Telugu and he thought of registering the name under a English movie. Now he didnt know that if he had registered the movie as a Telugu movie he would have cut a lot of cost, but he learnt. He learnt the hard way. He did not get distributors who would buy the reels. But, the fighter that he is.. he did not loose hope. He went to the manager of Sangeet theatre and paid money to the theatre owner to rent his theatre for one show a day for three days. One noon show for three days. He was pretty damn sure that if atleast 100 people watch his movie, by the word of mouth it would run. that is exactly what happened. people loved the movie, the

ANAND 2004 The punchline for the movie: Manchi Coffee Lanti Cinema (Cinema like a good Coffee). It couldnt have been better. The punchline defined it all. Wonderful movie, beautiful music, beautiful editing, spectacular directon. Super performance by the lead actress Komalinee Mukherjee. The movie did not boast of any huge superstars, or any foreign locales. A very low budget movie. Sekhar did it again. Even after the moderate success and high critical acclaim of Dollar Dreams Sekhar had to start th journey from the scratch. No investors, no producers. But, he wanted to make this movie right from his student days when he was studying Cinema. As mentioned earlier he had written the script of Anand as his final thesis. He was passionate about this movie, he believed in this movie. The movie if made would be released into Telugu movie Industry when the movie which were ruling were factionist movies, teenage movies and mindless comic movies. But, that had to stop according to Sekhar. Though his next ventures ‘Godavari’ and ‘Leader’ haven’t made much money he is still regarded as a Star Director. But Sekhar feels he is a good dreamer and he finds his own way to visualize them for those who have a real passion for movies.

October 2010

43


Future Times

metro city times

HOROSCOPE In a gregarious return to form after the fall out of the events of the last few months, October looks set to be the month that you’ll be able to return back to your usual fine ARIES form. Social settings will be the Mar 20 - Apr 20 perfect backdrop to test drive your new and improved self-confidence kick, however rather than your “leap before you look” approach, you’ll temper the waters with a bit more caution than usual.For the first time in a while, you’ll feel as though you have all the tools at your disposal to launch into your next campaign and bolster your bank balance while you’re at it. The New Moon on the 7th could help you get a stronger handle on your personal relationships as you’ll be at your most diplomatic helping with any compromising and co-operation that needs to take place in order to strengthen your connection. Relationships – not just those of the romantic nature – will take precedence this month as you go about forging stronger bonds and deeper levels of trust with those in TAURUS your inner circle. In a bid to sort the Apr 20 - May 20 wheat from the chaff, you’ll be most comfortable spending time with those you feel you can let in to your life leaving the others hanging on the periphery.This becomes altogether more apparent when Venus, your chart ruler goes retrograde on the 8th making you open your eyes to symbolic gestures. Actions speak louder than words and whether you realise it or not, many of your relationships will be put under the microscope between now and mid November. It’s about quality, not quantity which may make some people in your life feel alienated if they feel you are pushing them aside. Its not that you have a big secret to hide, but you’ll prefer to keep your distance. Lately you may have been thinking about, or at least wondering how you can stretch yourself beyond your limits. In a lot of ways its likely that you feel that you’ve reached GEMINI the ceiling of opportunity in your current working situation and after May 21 - Jun 21 recent events you’re beginning to question whether you should be doing something different altogether. You may feel as though you’re

44

on shaky ground at the moment so could you be so brave as to enter a whole new ball game? The stellium of Mercury, Saturn and the Sun offers a glimpse into what could be from the 5th to the 10th when the path you’d like to take becomes more apparent. You’ll be shown how much time, effort and patience a new venture will be but it will also test your inner resolve and bring you right in line with the level you’ve been day dreaming of For months you’ve likely been feeling as though a breakthrough is just around the corner. Intuitively, you know it’s a gradual transformation but as you’ve been CANCER feeling the build up for some time, Jun 22 - July 22 you feel as though you’re in command of the flight you’re about to take. Personal relationships may feel challenging but it will give you a glimpse your own behaviour and make you see what changes you need to make in your life and your attitude towards those you are closest to. The very people who challenge you the most will be instrumental in taking you one step further along your personal journey. The push they give you will help take you beyond your comfort zone forcing you to stand up and be counted. You’ll be put to the test with the Full Moon of the 23rd when your professional reputation will be on the line. Do you fight or take flight. The heat has been on since July and if you’ll stop at nothing to get ahead of the game, you could soon feel on the verge of burning out. While it feels as though you’re LEO living in a pressure cooker, you’ll do July 23 - Aug 22 well to approach things in a more measured and calculated way taking bite sized chunks instead of swallowing things whole. Forming a masterplan for the long term and taking things through in stages will give you a better overall picture of the voyage you are about to take.From the 5th to the 10th, a promising stellium will give you the resources to pull off a big task as your determination to make it successful will keep you going. You may have to call in a favour from a friend or delegate some of the minor tasks as you’ll need to focus on steering this ship through choppy waters and back on course.

October 2010


metro city times Keeping the peace in a tricky situation is usually a good idea, but over the course of the month you may find yourself visiting and revisiting a situation until you’re blue VIRGO in the face. When it comes down Aug 23 - Sep 22 to finding a balance between twoopposing parties you’ll have to put your rational mind to good use to negotiate your way through without compromising any of your own values.While you may spend considerable time hammering out a fair deal, it will be worth it in the long run as you’ll be able to reap the benefits for years to come. One the bright side, by the time you reach a resolution, your diplomacy skills will be well honed. A striking planetary connection between Mars and Uranus allows you to take anything that comes your way from the 15th onward and you’ll easily be able to find solutions to life’s little quandaries. With so many balls to juggle at one time, you’ll be pleased with yourself for your ability to hang in there and persevere until the end. You’re only just beginning to see the light at the LIBRA end of the tunnel and that glimmer Sep 23 - Oct 23 of hope will help keepyour eye on the ball. The pressure may have eased off from the intensity of a few months back so now it’s a matter of staying focused on the end result while beginning to look at the small print and fine tune the details. When Venus, your chart ruler goes retrograde on the 8th, you’ll find yourself assessing your financial position and eyeing up the value of your possessions to get a clear picture of your overall worth. As there’s been a major shift in all other areas of your life, you’ll want to be certain of your stability in case you need to make any further changes. You’re on a mission. That is to uncover all of your personal taboos and break down your personal mental barriers. In true “all or nothing” style, you’re not likely to SCORPIO leave any stone unturned as you Oct 24 - Nov 21 seek to understand yourself better. Don’t be surprised, however if you come face to face with some unexpected demons along the way as you may uncover a few ugly truths that could be harder to deal with than you anticipated. Being a hearty character, you’ll be able to take things on board and integrate the lessons as part of your personal evolution.From the 23rd, once the Sun moves into your sign and joins Mercury and Venus, you’ll be analysing all of your interactions with x-ray vision to see who is sincere or not. Outwardly, your demeanour will be charming and a little bit frisky even but secretly, you’ll be testing those around you with your new findings. October 2010

Future Times With Jupiter, your planetary ruler dancing with innovative Uranus through the celestial sky its no doubt you’ve been having the ride of your life! Sometimes bumpy but never SAGITTARIUS boring, your experience of the world Nov 22 - Dec 21 is growing in such a way you never thought possible. New occasions, strange occurrences and off the wall people are opening your mind to possibilities which may have never occurred to you.Getting in touch with your spirituality helps define who you are and the path you’re on but the interesting twists that unfold along the way will keep a smile on your face and a twinkle in your eye. An additional connection with Mars for the last half of the month will give you an adrenaline boost making you want to take on several projects at once. While they may all seem interlinked, be sure not to over extend yourself as your ambitions may not be as feasible as they seem. As you make the slow but steady climb to the top, you’ll begin to feel all of your hard work is about to pay off. However, the closer you get to reaching the summit, the more you CAPRICORN feel you have to take on in order to Dec 22 - Jan 19 get there. While you have a strong enough constitution to maintain this level of output, you have to ask yourself whether your efforts could be better suited in another capacity. Back in the summer, you may have felt that you were hanging on for dear life. But now that the feeling has passed, you can begin to ease up – especially on any unnecessary responsibilities. This will give you some breathing space to start planning your next move. Luckily with a little help from the conjunction of Venus and Mars, your social life should pick up fantastically for the first part of the month giving you a schmoozy diversion to lift your spirits. Keeping on top of your finances for the last few months may have been a difficult task as unexpected windfalls may have been met with unexpected costs. The whole AQUARIUS unpredictability of it all may feel Jan 20 - Feb 18 quite unsettling for a steady characterlike the waterbearer although all the anomalies have likely kept you on your toes and opened your eyes to any deep seated patterns. Now would be a good time to take a moment to examine your attitude towards money and making any changes, even small ones to the way you spend, earn and save. Feisty Mars makes a powerful connection throughout the month enabling you to put some of your far fangled ideas into action. With a bit of imagination, a sprinkle of luck and a whole lot o f

45


Future Times With all the upheaval as of late, finding a way to get in touch with your inner self will be central to finding steady ground as its likely you’re feeling displaced. A deep PISCES longing to connect with your Feb 19 - Mar 20 spiritual beliefs and a desire to feel whole will be met with a willingness to take charge of the direction you’re heading on. As the process unfolds, it will have a healing effect on you which will feel cathartic in the process but it won’t happen overnight. With several positive aspects to Neptune, your planetary ruler this month, you’ll instinctively know you’re on the right path at the right time as you’ll let yourself be led by your instincts. With all the noise going on on the outside, it will be nice to finally reach a state of inner calm and be yourself instead of trying to be what everyone else wants you to be

metro city times


RNI NO.APENG03154/01/1/2010-TC

Metro City Times - Oct2011  

Metro City Times Magazine May 2011 Edition

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you