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OHIO

WESTERN KNOLLS DESIGN CHARRETTE


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS CHARRETTE PARTICIPANTS John Barnhart Marilyn Barnhart Robert Bell Carla Blackmar Norman Butt Vicki Cheng Prue Dana Steve Dana Richard Daniels John Faries Jessica Greene Carole Katz Jeffrey Kruth Alan Kyger Sherry Lind David Prytherch Etta Reed Shana Rosenberg Steve Schnabl Christopher Skoglind Bill Snavely Kay Snavely Scott Webb David Wespiser Sam Wespiser Ann Whelpton Andrew Wilson

UNIVERSITY SUPPORT

STAFF SUPPORT

Kathleen Knight Abowitz

Zachary Moore, AICP

Professor, College of Education, Health and Society Miami University

Elena Arduin Evan Bowman Shelby Deakyne Lauren Doepke Cody Frizzell Aaron Garner Jordan Gifford Emily Kizior Rachel Klass Julia Koenig Emma LaGuardia Caitlyn Laney Matias Guiraga Laney Rupert Michael Seidensticker Robin Sligar Molly Smith Cara Snider Genesis Snyder Kendall Swanson Bradyn Tedesco John Usher Adam Vuth Claudia Zaunz Chenlei Zhu

Planner, City of Oxford

Sam Perry, AICP

Community Development Director, City of Oxford

Andy Meyer, AICP

Senior Planner OKI Regional Council of Governments

Travis Miller

Regional Planning Manager OKI Regional Council of Governments

VENUE John Richter

Pastor, Oxford Vineyard Church

TRANSPORTATION Tim Fritsche

Driver, Butler County RTA

John Gardocki

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Planning & Special Projects Manager, Butler County RTA


INTRODUCTION WHAT IS A CHARRETTE? A charrette is a planning intensive event that is designed to solicit as much input as possible in a short amount of time. Charrettes usually place a large emphasis on drawings and visual concepts to help demonstrate possible solutions to key issues or to help visualize a community’s desired future and goals. The word charrette is French for cart or chariot.

EVENT DETAILS The event was held on November 13, 2019 with 28 participants, including City staff. Oxford Vineyard Church, located on SR 732 across from the subject site, served as the venue. The day began with a short introductory presentation and a site tour provided by BCRTA. Following the tour, participants were split into 5 groups and given 4 hours to develop their own desired vision for developing the site. Each group was equipped with an appropriate set of materials, including land use, transportation and amenity cut-outs, basemaps and reference maps, coloring utensils, and tracing paper. Some groups chose to rely solely on the feature cutouts, while others employed their artistic skills to refine their concepts. The day concluded with group spokespersons presenting their visions to the entire host of participants.

Groups spend their morning brainstorming and recording ideas for the site.

Group D members Vicki Cheng, David Prytherch, and Shana Rosenberg work on adding color and finishing touches to their plan.

WORLD TOWN PLANNING DAY The Western Knolls event served as Oxford’s 2nd Annual Charrette in celebration of World Town Planning Day (WTPD). The international organization for WTPD was founded in 1949 by the late Professor Carlos Maria della Paolera of the University of Buenos Aires to “advance public and professional interest in planning both locally and abroad” and to create “a special day to recognize and promote the role of planning in creating livable communities.” WTPD celebrations are growing worldwide and promoted each year in the United States by the American Planning Association (APA).

Group B member Bill Snavely presents a summary of his team’s vision.

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ial Map

CONTEXT HISTORY & PAST PLANS

EXISTING CONDITIONS

The City of Oxford has an opportunity to assist in the sale and redevelopment of a large 47 acre property adjoining the Western Knolls subdivision. The City had purchased the land from Western Knolls Inc. in December 2008 as part of a legal settlement, and has remained the owner ever since. Around that time, the City’s Comprehensive Plan was also adopted which envisions the site as Traditional Neighborhood Development, exemplified by a variety of housing types, a distinct center, and well-designed walkable streets. Although some interest in the site was expressed by multiple developers in the 2010s, ultimately a concrete proposal has yet to materialize. Site Boundary

The 47-acre site is currently zoned R-1B Residential Single-Family Medium Density, which has a minimum lot size of 7,500 square feet (5.8 du/ac). The property fronts on two major thoroughfares: Brookville Road to the north and Oxford Reily Road (SR 732) to the east. In addition, two local streets in the existing Western Knolls subdivision stub into the property from the west. Water and sewer utility line connections are also nearby. Collins Run, a tributary of Four Mile Creek, runs to the south of the site and is a blue-line intermittent stream. Topographically, the site slopes downhill from west to east, with a notable ravine/drainage 0 to150 300 600 Feet channel the north.

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A GUIDE TO THE RESULTS

Western Knolls Group A Design Western Knolls Western Knolls Western Knolls Group A Design Western Knolls Group A Design Site Boundary LAND USES Western Knolls Group A Design Western Knolls Group A Design Parcels Boundary Below is A aSite list of land use types utilized in the 5 scenarios to follow. Single-family lot categories (R-1A, Group Design Boundary Group ASite Design Western Knolls R-1B, R-2A and Cottages) are original to the charrette materials, while others such as Attached Units and Site Boundary Water ParcelsFeature SiteCare Boundary Residential were self-generated by group discussions. It is important to note that many scenarios Parcels Group AParcels Design Site Boundary Western Knolls Public Streets Water Feature Site Boundary also integrated bike paths within land use areas; these connections can be viewed in the Appendix. Brookville Rd

Brookville Rd Brookville Rd Brookville Rd Brookville Rd Brookville Rd Brookville Rd Brookville Rd

Parcels

Feature Parcels Group AWater Design Water Feature Public ParcelsStreets

Melissa Dr Melissa Dr Melissa Dr Melissa Dr Melissa Dr Melissa Dr

Melinda Dr Melinda DrMelind Melind Dra Dra DrMelinda Dr DraMelind aMelind DraMelind DraMelind

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Water Feature Site Boundary Public Streets Green/Open Space Green/Open Space | Spaces devoted to active & passive recreation, conservation, or stormwater Water Feature Public Streets Water Feature Public Streets management. Parcels Site Boundary R-1A Green/Open PublicResidential StreetsSpace Public StreetsSpace Green/Open WaterResidential Feature Parcels Green/Open Space R-1B R-1A Residential R-1A Residential | Single-family residential lots, 15,000 square feet minimum Melissa Dr Green/Open Space R-1A Residential Public StreetsSpace Green/Open Water Feature R-1A Residential R-2A (duplexes) R-1B Residential Green/Open Space Melissa Dr R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential | Single-family residential lots, 7,500 square feet minimum R-1A Residential Public Streets R-1B Residential Residential Care (duplexes) R-2A Residential 7 32 U R-1A Residential Residential R-1B Green/Open Space R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) (duplexes) | Single- & two-family residential, 6,000-7,000 square foot lots Residential Cottages R-2A Residential Residential Care R-1B Residential 7U 32 R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-1A Residential Care Green/Open Space 7U 32 R-2A Residential (duplexes) r Residential Care n Attached Units (e.g. Condos) D L 7 32 ll Residential Cottages U e R-2A Residential da Residential Care (duplexes) Ran Residential Care | Shared housingJosi arrangement providing specialized care and services R-1B Residential 7U 32 Residential Cottages R-1A Residential Residential Cottages Care Residential Multi-Family Residential 7U 32 r n Attached Units (e.g. Condos) D L Residential Care ll e a i d 7U 32 Residential Cottages R-2A Residential (duplexes) Jos Ln Attached Units (e.g. Condos) R-1B Residential Ran all Dr e i d Residential Cottages Residential Cottages | Smallest single-family residential lots, 3,800 square foot minimum. Attached Units (e.g.Use Condos) Jos e Ln Commercial/Mixed Ran all Dr Multi-Family Residential i d s Residential Cottages Jo Ln Attached Units (e.g. Condos) Ran all Dr Residential Care Multi-Family Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) ie 7U 32 d Jos Ln Attached Units (e.g. Condos) Ran all Dr Multi-Family Residential ie s Commercial/Mixed Use r o n Attached Units (e.g. Condos) and ll Dcontaining J eL R Attached Units (e.g. Condos) | Structures approx 3-5 dwelling units, each accessed Multi-Family Residential a i Residential CottagesUse d Commercial/Mixed Residential Care Jos 500 Ran 7U 32 Multi-Family Residential Commercial/Mixed Use from the exterior Feet Multi-Family Residential Commercial/Mixed n Attached Units (e.g.Use Condos) Dr Residential Cottages ie L r dall 500 Commercial/Mixed Use Jos Ryan D Ran 500 Feet Commercial/Mixed Use Multi-Family Residential Multi-Family Residential | Structures usually containing more than 5 dwelling units, with shared r n Attached Units (e.g. Condos) D 500 L Feet r Ryan D r Ryan D r D n Rya r Ryan D r Ryan D r Ryan D

Use | Structures containing a mix of commercial, residential, or specialized uses

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R Following the event, staff engaged planners at the OKI Regional Council of Governments to run each of the five produced scenarios through their agency’s Fiscal Impact Analysis Model (FIAM). The model estimates the real life impacts of development on a community, including tax revenue and service expenditures, based on a series of assumptions/averages generated from researching a large sample of communities in the region. Each scenario returned a negative net impact on City finances. This is not unexpected due to the scenarios consisting primarily of residential uses, which tend to incur more expenses than revenue produced. However, it is important to note that new residential development can create other positive financial impacts for the community, such as increased spending power at local businesses and housing supply relief to drive down costs. Although beyond the scope of this report, these impacts could be assessed at a later point in time once anticipated incomes are determined.

FISCAL IMPACT COMPARISON CITY BUDGET NET DEFICIT Scenario A Scenario B Scenario C Scenario D Scenario E

SCHOOL DISTRICT NET SURPLUS

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SCENARIO

GROUP A

GROUP MEMBERS

DESCRIPTION

John Barnhart Rich Daniels Alan Kyger Sherry Lind Etta Reed Christopher Skoglind

Group A’s Scenario includes a mix of various residential character types along with roughly a fourth of the site devoted to green/open space. No commercial or mixed use is proposed. Residential uses gradually intensify moving from west to east, with multi-family development situated along Brookville Road and State Route 732.

LAND USE MIX Green/Open Space

R-1A Residential

11.27 ac | 23.05%

7.87 ac | 16.09%

R-1B Residential 8.75 ac | 17.89%

Public Streets 6.86 ac | 14.03%

R-2A Residential 3.47 ac | 7.10%

Multi-Family Residential

Residential Cottages

7.82 ac | 16.00%

2.86 ac | 5.84%

ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT REVENUE Property Tax Income Tax Charges for Service, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures Intergovernmental Revenue Other Revenues EXPENDITURES Public Safety Infrastructure Public Health and Welfare Community Development Parks and Recreation General Government

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CITY BUDGET NET IMPACT SCHOOL DISTRICT NET IMPACT


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Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) 32 Residential 7U Care

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Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Site Boundary

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Western Knolls Group A Design LEGEND

Site Boundary Boundary Site

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Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature

Brookville Rd

R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units(e.g. (e.g. Condos) Attached Units Condos)

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R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Commercial/Mixed Use

Green/Open Space

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Site Boundary Site Boundary Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature Public Streets Public Streets Public Streets

Brookville Rd Brookville Rd

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SCENARIO

GROUP B

GROUP MEMBERS

DESCRIPTION

Marilyn Barnhart Prue Dana John Faries Hueston Kyger Bill Snavely Scott Webb

Group B’s Scenario presents a layout similar to Group A, offering the addition of Attached Units to complement the existing Cedar Creek Condos to the north. There is also a greater degree of green/open space. Strong public street connectivity is proposed, with the street network resembling a grid, as well as an additional entrance off of Brookville Road.

LAND USE MIX Green/Open Space

R-1A Residential

15.22 ac | 31.13%

1.76 ac | 3.59%

R-1B Residential 8.59 ac | 17.57%

R-2A Residential

Public Streets

4.96 ac | 10.15%

6.82 ac | 13.95%

Residential Cottages 2.32 ac | 4.75%

Multi-Family Residential

Attached Units

4.29 ac | 8.78%

4.93 ac | 10.09%

ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT REVENUE Property Tax Income Tax Charges for Service, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures Intergovernmental Revenue Other Revenues EXPENDITURES Public Safety Infrastructure Public Health and Welfare Community Development Parks and Recreation General Government

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CITY BUDGET NET IMPACT SCHOOL DISTRICT NET IMPACT


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Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) 32 Residential 7U Care

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Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Site Boundary

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Western Knolls Group A Design LEGEND

Site Boundary Boundary Site

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Brookville Rd

R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units(e.g. (e.g. Condos) Attached Units Condos)

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R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Commercial/Mixed Use

Green/Open Space

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Site Boundary Site Boundary Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature Public Streets Public Streets Public Streets

Brookville Rd Brookville Rd

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SCENARIO

GROUP C

GROUP MEMBERS

DESCRIPTION

Carla Blackmar Jessica Greene Jeffrey Kruth Kay Snavely Andrew Wilson

Group C’s Scenario showcases a unique layout of streets as well as a relatively denser mix of residential uses and a portion near State Route 732 devoted to commercial/mixed use. This proposal exemplifies the qualities of a conservation subdivision, allocating the greatest percentage of land to open space out of all five scenarios.

LAND USE MIX Residential Cottages 5.95 ac | 12.17%

Green/Open Space

Attached Units

22.32 ac | 45.64%

4.60 ac | 9.40%

Multi-Family Residential 5.96 ac | 12.19%

Public Streets 6.36 ac | 13.01%

Commercial/Mixed Use 3.71 ac | 7.59%

ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT REVENUE Property Tax Income Tax Charges for Service, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures Intergovernmental Revenue Other Revenues EXPENDITURES Public Safety Infrastructure Public Health and Welfare Community Development Parks and Recreation General Government

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CITY BUDGET NET IMPACT SCHOOL DISTRICT NET IMPACT


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Group A Design

Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Site Boundary

Multi-Family Residential

Parcels

Western Knolls Western Knolls Group A Design

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Group A Design

Western Knolls Group A Design LEGEND

Site Boundary Boundary Site

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Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature

Brookville Rd

R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units(e.g. (e.g. Condos) Attached Units Condos)

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Green/Open Space Green/Open Space Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1A Residential

R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Commercial/Mixed Use

Green/Open Space

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Site Boundary Site Boundary Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature Public Streets Public Streets Public Streets

Brookville Rd Brookville Rd

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SCENARIO

GROUP D

GROUP MEMBERS

DESCRIPTION

Norman Butt Vicki Cheng Carole Katz David Prytherch Shana Rosenberg Sam Wespiser

Group D’s Scenario has the widest variety of individual land use types out of all five scenarios, and offers Residential Care as a unique land use type. The existing residential lots adjoining the site are buffered by plentiful green space. The “pull-off” roadway on State Route 732 is meant to serve as a BCRTA bus stop serving the site.

LAND USE MIX R-2A Residential

R-1B Residential

2.26 ac | 4.62%

3.21 ac | 6.57%

Residential Care 1.71 ac | 3.50%

Residential Cottages

Green/Open Space

1.58 ac | 3.24%

19.43 ac | 39.74%

Attached Units 7.68 ac | 15.70%

Multi-Family Residential 2.43 ac | 4.97%

Public Streets 6.19 ac | 12.67%

Commercial/Mixed Use 4.39 ac | 8.99%

ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT REVENUE Property Tax Income Tax Charges for Service, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures Intergovernmental Revenue Other Revenues EXPENDITURES Public Safety Infrastructure Public Health and Welfare Community Development Parks and Recreation General Government

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CITY BUDGET NET IMPACT SCHOOL DISTRICT NET IMPACT


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Group A Design

Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Site Boundary

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Parcels

Western Knolls Western Knolls Group A Design

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Western Knolls Group A Design LEGEND

Site Boundary Boundary Site

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Brookville Rd

R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units(e.g. (e.g. Condos) Attached Units Condos)

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Green/Open Space Green/Open Space Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1A Residential

R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Commercial/Mixed Use

Green/Open Space

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Site Boundary Site Boundary Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature Public Streets Public Streets Public Streets

Brookville Rd Brookville Rd

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SCENARIO

GROUP E

GROUP MEMBERS

DESCRIPTION

Robert Bell Steve Dana Sam Perry Steve Schnabl Ann Whelpton

Group E’s Scenario takes an alternative approach to vehicular connectivity by creating a series of dead end streets supporting individual land use “pods,” though the site is intended to have pedestrian and bicycle connectivity linking the areas together. The mixed use area toward the center is proposed to support senior apartments and day care services.

LAND USE MIX Green/Open Space

R-1A Residential

15.70 ac | 32.11%

6.18 ac | 12.63%

R-1B Residential 4.30 ac | 8.80%

R-2A Residential

Public Streets

1.68 ac | 3.43%

4.96 ac | 10.14%

Residential Cottages 6.34 ac | 12.98%

Commercial/Mixed Use

Attached Units

6.15 ac | 12.58%

3.58 ac | 7.33%

ESTIMATED FISCAL IMPACT REVENUE Property Tax Income Tax Charges for Service, Fees, Fines, and Forfeitures Intergovernmental Revenue Other Revenues EXPENDITURES Public Safety Infrastructure Public Health and Welfare Community Development Parks and Recreation General Government

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CITY BUDGET NET IMPACT SCHOOL DISTRICT NET IMPACT


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Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) 32 Residential 7U Care

Western Knolls n

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Group A Design

Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Site Boundary

Multi-Family Residential

Parcels

Western Knolls Western Knolls Group A Design

Water Feature Public Streets

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Group A Design

Western Knolls Group A Design LEGEND

Site Boundary Boundary Site

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Parcels Parcels Water Feature Water Feature

Brookville Rd

R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units(e.g. (e.g. Condos) Attached Units Condos)

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Multi-Family Residential Multi-Family Residential Commercial/Mixed Use Commercial/Mixed Use

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Green/Open Space Green/Open Space Green/Open Space R-1A Residential R-1A Residential

R-1A Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-1B Residential R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) R-2A Residential (duplexes) Residential Care Residential Care Residential Cottages Residential Cottages Attached Units (e.g. Condos)

Commercial/Mixed Use

Green/Open Space

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HOUSING GOALS COMPREHENSIVE PLAN The Oxford Comprehensive Plan adopted in 2008 touches on a number of goals for improving and expanding housing options within the City. Although this report estimates net negative impacts to the City budget, there is great potential for many positive economic and social benefits to result from the construction of additional housing units. Additional commentary is provided below on Housing Chapter objectives which could influence the characteristics of future development at the Western Knolls site.

OBJECTIVE 2 | Expand housing options The Comprehensive Plan encourages the construction of a variety of housing types, including units for low to moderate income residents, as well as mixed-use development. The issue of affordable housing is one frequently discussed as part of the public discourse in Oxford. The Zoning Code defines such housing as costing less than 30% of an annual household income which is 80% or less than the Butler County median income. The City’s ownership of the Western Knolls property presents an opportunity to provide a mix of housing types, at varying price points and/or rental rates, and by doing so expand housing supply in the City which should have a positive effect on affordability overall.

OBJECTIVE 4 | Expand senior housing options The Comprehensive Plan further encourages the development of affordable senior housing and assisted living developments, as well as building accessible units which comply with ADA requirements. Expanding on this, an opportunity exists to develop housing utilizing the principles of universal design, thus allowing residents of all ages and abilities to live in the same housing units and remain in place for much longer. Several of the scenarios touched upon providing community resources and services tailored to seniors as part of the development plan.

OBJECTIVE 6 | Provide diverse housing opportunities Housing can be catered to a variety of different lifestyles and household sizes. The Comprehensive Plan recommends diverse choices above and beyond single-family, including condos, apartments and livework units. Smaller units may appeal more to young singles or those looking to downsize.

OBJECTIVE 7 | Encourage and utilize sustainable building practices The Comprehensive Plan also encourages residential units to utilize green building practices and energy efficient systems. Affordability can be observed not only in terms of final sale prices, but also in terms of lower energy cost burden over time, which can be leveraged through a larger upfront investment. Additionally, the Plan promotes low-impact conservation development, natural stormwater management, and street tree plantings.

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APPENDIX

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GROUP A SCENARIO PHOTO

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GROUP B SCENARIO PHOTO

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GROUP C SCENARIO PHOTO

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GROUP D SCENARIO PHOTO - NAMED “COLLINS RUN”

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GROUP E SCENARIO PHOTO

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Aerial Map High Meado

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Profile for City of Oxford Ohio

Western Knolls Design Charrette  

A publication by the City of Oxford detailing the results of the November 13, 2019 charrette event for the Western Knolls site on Oxford Rei...

Western Knolls Design Charrette  

A publication by the City of Oxford detailing the results of the November 13, 2019 charrette event for the Western Knolls site on Oxford Rei...

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