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sculptured pilasters on both doors. Maudslay numbered the pilaster sculptures of the entrance H1 through H6, and the sculptures of the inner doorway K1 to K1O (3:Pl. 27). Each sculptured face of the jambs and pilasters has a minor panel above and below a central major panel (Maudslay 3:Pls. 36-38; Seler 5:Figs. 110-115, 117, Pls. 24, 25).

The fairly standardized attire does little to distinguish individuals, but identification glyphs above the heads of the warriors may identify specific persons. The table below gives a descriptive name to the glyphs above each of the figures. Upper Temple of the Jaguars: Identification Glyphs

Dress varies little among the central figures on the jambs and pilasters of the Upper Temple of the Jaguars. Almost every figure wears a body shield and carried an atlatl and darts. Several individuals carry a curved stick in addition to their darts, and figure H4 holds a curved

H1 Flower or lily


H2 Four part scroll

K4 Quadruped

H3 Frog

K5 Two feathers

H4 Head or mask

K6 Spear point with flower inscribed

H5 Variation of serpent?

stick in each hand, rather than the atlatl and darts. Most of the figures carry a small bag or

H6 Animal

K7 Bird

pouch in their left hands, with their darts, and

K1 Spear point with flower inscribed

K8 Goblet

K2 Serpent?

K1O Two feathers

almost every person wears either banded or matted armor on the left arm or a cape over his left shoulder. The figures wear a beaded chest

K9 Serpent

Figure K3 does not have a specific glyph; rather, a large serpent in a curve arches behind his back, and the head and part of the body of the serpent emerge over the shoulders and head of the figure. The glyph for figure H5 is difficult to assess. Possibly it is a creature similar to the “sea serpent” associated with figure A12 in the Lower Jaguar Temple. Figures K1 and K6, and K5 and K10, share the same glyphs. These four figures are on the jambs of the inner door, the only clear correspondence of glyphs and positions among the sculptures (Seler 5:281). At least some of the figures from the South Temple have identification glyphs between the two feathers of their head-dresses. It would be interesting to

collar, and four have a beaded neck collar as well. On the chest collar is usually a pectoral, normally the bird-butterfly type, but in three cases it is a small quadruped, perhaps a jaguar (H5, H6, K7). Cuffs, knee circlets, and sandals vary little among the figures, and usually there is a single standard type. Most figures, for example, wear a sandal with crossed straps covering the ankle, but figure K1 has a heeled sandal. All of the individuals wear variations of a simple headdress with two feathers. Fourteen of the sixteen figures have pendant nose beads, and ten of these have a nose plug as well. Notably absent is the tubular nose bead worn by so many other figures at Chichén Itzá.


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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán