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Tozzer called The Upper Temple of the Jaguars the most beautiful building at ChichĂŠn ItzĂĄ (1957:138), and indeed the structure commands respect. Like the Castillo, the heavy serpent columns, with little vertical distance between the massive heads and tails, create the impression and underscore the reality that they bear a heavy load. The complex ornamentation of the upper facade adds to the impression of weight, presenting a ponderous overall effect. The ornate, heavy design contrasts with the light simplicity of the North Ball Court Temple, where the greater effective length of the columns creates the impression of a strong, but light, building.

Upper Temple of the Jaguars Marquina 1964:Pl. 267

The Upper Temple of the Jaguars, unlike the North Temple and the Lower Jaguar Temple, is a two-chambered structure, without sculptures on the rear or side walls. Interior decoration consists of murals on the walls, a sculptured lintel, sculptured jambs on the inner door, and 61

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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán