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time elapsed between the two buildings. The Chac Mool Temple probably was not in use for more than fifty years, and thus the maximum time between the construction of the Castillo and the Temple of the Warriors likely was not more than about a century.

Temple of the Warriors, with Temple of the Big Tables (2D7), left; and West and North Colonnades, right

The Temple of the Warriors is one of the most imposing buildings at Chichén Itzá. It is most similar to the Chac Mool Temple, which it covers, but the Temple of the Warriors was a more ambitious undertaking than the earlier structure. It was both larger outside and roomier inside. To cover this large interior space, while maintaining the basic twochambered design, a second row of rectangular columns was added lengthwise to both the inner and outer rooms. The outer chamber contained six columns in each of the two rows, while the inner room was built with two rows of the traditional four columns. In no other two-chambered structure of this type at Chichén Itzá did more than four columns in a row support the vaults. The two extra columns in each row in the outer chamber were not

essential to hold up the vaults, because both chambers are the same width and four columns in each row supported the vaults of the inner chamber. Builders added the extra columns purely as a matter of design. Whatever were the effects of this arrangement, the architects responsible created a building unique at Chichén Itzá. Unlike the Chac Mool Temple, whose substructure was designed to complement the Castillo pyramid, the substructure of the Temple of the Warriors did not replicate the design on the Castillo. Instead, distinctive talud-tablero profiles contrast dramatically with the sloping lines of the Castillo pyramid (Kubler 1962:181). Craftsmen sculpted the panels in the lower three compound zones (tableros) of the platform in low relief. 31

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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán