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two other Modified Florescent structures at

The Castillo-sub shares more specific elements with the buildings of the Pure Florescent period at Chichén Itzá than it does with Modified Florescent structures at the site. Four design elements of the upper facade, for example, are the same types as those used on Pure Florescent structures. A guilloche design on the facade is similar to one from the East Wing of the Monjas (Erosa Peniche 1947:Fig. 1), and the “I” type lattice stones decorating the facade of the Castillo-sub were a favorite facade decoration of Pure Florescent architects. The diagonally placed saw-toothed elements on the facade of the Castillo-sub also occur on some early period buildings, and the Greek key element, associated with the saw-toothed elements at the Castillosub, was also a Pure Florescent decoration. Chichén Puuc buildings provided much of the inspiration, if not the actual material, for the facade decoration of the Castillo-sub. Two other architectural features are characteristic of the earlier period. First is the single step up from outer to inner room of the superstructure, a trait characteristic of Pure Florescent structures at Chichén Itzá (Ruppert 1952:2). A feature as subtle as this step suggests that the persons who built the Castillo-sub were well acquainted with the earlier methods of building, and may have worked on some of the Pure Florescent structures themselves. The second feature is the lack of the basal batter on the outer facade, a trait usually but not always present on Modified Florescent structures and always absent on Pure Florescent buildings. The single doorway is also most likely a design feature of the earlier period. Although

Chichén Itzá have single doorways (1D2 and 5B1), the triple doorway was by far the most common type of entrance into two-chambered structures. With the possible exception of the Temple of the One Lintel, all Pure Florescent structures at Chichén Itzá were entered through a single, rather than triple doorway. Some features clearly link the Castillo-sub with Modified Florescent constructions. For example, no known Chichén Puuc structures rise from a high pyramidal substructure as does the Castillo-sub (Ruppert 1952:2). The shield elements and prowling animals on the upper facade, decorations not used previously at Chichén Itzá, also occur on the Upper Temple of the Jaguars at the Great Ball Court. Finally, the lintel over the outer doorway was of wood (Erosa Peniche 1947:238), a characteristic of the Modified Florescent period. Two important points emerge from examination of the Castillo-sub. First, the Castillo-sub, one of the two earliest structures in the stratigraphic sequence on the main plaza, also appears to be early in the Modified Florescent period on the basis of style. In the Castillo-sub, there is a concurrence of stratigraphic position early in the Modified Florescent period with architectural traits derived from Puuc buildings mixed with features fully developed later in the Modified Florescent. The stratigraphic record on the main plaza, beginning with the Castillo-sub, apparently dates to the earliest days of the Modified Florescent period. 26

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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán