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row of longitudinal chambers entered through a single long parallel chamber, the Red House and structure 5B25. Although the buildings in the Southwest Group are not built upon large platforms like the House of the Deer and the Red House, similarities in plan and orientation are too similar to be fortuitous, and the two groups of buildings may have served similar functions.

Florescent period. The Xtoloc Cenote, which has easy access to water level, is located about 275 meters directly east of the courtyard of the Red House and House of the Deer complex. One cannot separate the chronology of the Chichén Itzá Pure Florescent from the general chronological problems of Pure Florescent Yucatán, and this discussion is more properly conducted in the final chapter of this monograph. The architectural changes are well defined between Pure Florescent and Modified Pure Florescent times, and although there is some general continuity through the two styles, one can usually identify buildings as from one or the other period based on recognized architectural features. Chichén Itzá was a site of respectable size during the Pure Florescent period, but it was a massive site that dominated the peninsula in Modified Florescent times. Study of Modified Florescent architecture will help elucidate the archaeological history of Yucatán.

The Pure Florescent nuclear area at Chichén Itzá includes the Monjas and its associated structures, Akab Dzib, Red House and House of the Deer. Other Pure Florescent constructions cluster in the south and west portions of the site, and there are no demonstrable Pure Florescent structures north of the House of the Deer. Since the cenotes of Chichén Itzá were presumably a significant if not preeminent reason for first settlement at this location on the peninsula, the lack of Pure Florescent construction in the area of the sacred cenote, or at least further to the north, must call into question the importance of the “cenote cult” before the Modified


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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán