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Group of the Initial Series Kilmartin & O’Neill map (detail), Ruppert 1952:Fig. 151

The Group of the Initial Series developed around the House of the Phalli, a structure clearly of the Pure Florescent period at Chichén Itzá on the basis of floor plan and features of construction. Some stratigraphic evidence indicates that the building predates any structure built on the present plaza level. One of Vaillant’s trenches sunk through the courtyard to bedrock exposed a portion of the basal terrace upon which rests the House of the Phalli, revealing that the present court level was an extension from the initial basal terrace supporting the House of the Phalli (Ruppert 1952:157-162). The only other possible Pure

Ruppert 1952:Fig. 93

Florescent structure in this group is the House of the Shells (5C5), the building adjacent to the House of the Phalli to the south. This edifice is much in ruin, but the engaged columns at the corners of the building suggest it was built during the same period as the Temple of the Three Lintels and the House of the Phalli. Unfortunately the Initial Series lintel, which bears the only long count date from Chichén Itzá, and after which this group is named, is not in association with a building of the Pure Florescent period, and its original context is unknown. Vaillant’s excavations revealed the building sequence around the courtyard south of the House of the Phalli (Ruppert 1952:157-162). The first construction certainly of the Modified Florescent period is the colonnade attached to the House of the Phalli. No colonnades are known from Pure Florescent Chichén Itzá, and the sculpture on the columns is clearly from the later period. Three of the eastern columns 100

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Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán  

Architecture and Chronology at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán