City Acupuncture Idea
Project Background: Trešnjevka Workshop – Zagreb, Croatia
Every city consists of two basic structures, the physical and the social one. The physical structure (its buildings, streets, squares, parks, etc.) defines its look, its spatial relationships and its functionality. This is the material framework for everyday life. A city can also be viewed through its social processes, movements, habits and memories – this is the social structure of an urban space. The quality of urban life and identity is directly dependent on the ways and intensities these two structures are intertwined and connected. Cities’ turbulent history over the last few centuries has resulted in diverse structures of city fabric. Locally, the social structure and its processes have reacted differently to the physical structure through an endless number of ways of using space, both positive and negative. The main premise of the City Acupuncture methodology is a belief that one can efficiently improve the city life quality through small and precise interventions into the points where urban structures’ overlap and interact. Another necessary condition for these interventions to be successful is to have on–site decisions and their character to be made in interdisciplinary discourse with participation of citizens and local government. The methodology is applied through workshops with young professionals from different disciplines, on the topic chosen for the selected neighbourhood.
The Akcija kvart – Akupunktura grada: Trešnjevka workshop took place in CeKaTe, a local cultural centre in Trešnjevka, one of Zagreb’s most interesting neighbourhoods. Four–day workshop brought together a wide range of experts from various disciplines: architects, landscape architects, artists and anthropologists. They tried to detect local problems, define the potential and identity of public spaces, and propose precise solutions, presented at the end of the workshops in front of the interested residents and NGOs. During the workshop a strong interdisciplinary cooperation was developed between the participants: through close interaction they formed a view of the neighbourhood and its spatial and social structures. The resulting concepts and projects were joined in their aim to improve Trešnjevka’s quality of life; they ranged from wide spatial concepts to smaller, local actions as first actual steps forward.
Project Background: Goljak Workshop – Zagreb, Croatia
Project Background: Marjan Workshop – Split, Croatia
The workshop was initiated by Lijepa bolnica (The Beautiful Hospital) association and in coordination with the Special Hospital for Children with Neurological and Developmental Disorders at Goljak, which was the location for the interventions. Creative interdisciplinary team, including experts in medical science, worked on small interventions to improve the hospital environment. Simultaneously, a children’s workshop was also organized with the support of hospital’s director and its staff. An interesting dialogue developed, with children’s comments as a valuable input for the final proposals. Finally, the solution for new hospital identity included a concept of four animal friends who then guide children through space and become hospital’s protectors. The planned interventions included interior and exterior wall decorations as well as some free standing installations and pathway colouring. Part of this plan was implemented trough several volunteer actions in the autumn of 2011.
Located in the very centre of Split, Marjan park–forest has had a key role in the formation of the city’s identity. Recently, thanks to various worrisome interventions and proposals, it became a topic of many discussions and public protests. The workshop Marjan 2011 – city lungs’ pneumonia brought together various associations, public institutions, the Faculty of architecture, youth sections from both Split’s and Zagreb’s Society of Architects and around 30 students. Their goal was to understand the extent of this sensitive topic, question existing programs and general perception of Marjan, and try to improve it with the smallest possible interventions. Since the topic was somewhat too close to home for all those living and working in Split, students and young experts from the Zagreb City Acupuncture team were invited in to contribute with ideas. As being not personally involved, they brought a new perspective on the issue.
Project Background: SC Workshop – Zagreb, Croatia
Spatially, the Student centre’s (SC) is a triangular shaped complex of buildings built in the 1930s for the Zagreb Fair, surrounded by the railway tracks. The interdisciplinary teams, with a great help of the SC staff, were to re–think the visual identity of the SC, use of its buildings and its open, public space. The workshop started with a guided tour, including sightseeing through the buildings’ interiors as well as conversation with the artists in residence. The tour gave participants an insight into how space was used, helping them envision spaces for specific people and their needs. The proposals for small interventions in the SC space ranged from re–design and alternative ways of space usage to graphic signalization and recycling. Some of the ideas included first step implementations. The interventions, along with all the proposals documented, were left to the SC for future use and development.
Kristina Careva (Zagreb Society of Architects) works as a research fellow and teaching assistant at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb. Kristina has worked in the ASK Atelier, Zagreb and MOD Architects, Helsinki, and has been a licensed architect since 2010. She is an active member of the ZSA, CAA and the Croatian Chamber of Architects. She has participated in several local and international urban planning and architectural competitions, winning so far 12 awards. She has authored two scientific articles and has participated in several international scientific conferences and workshops. Kristina was born in 1976. She graduated in March 2002 at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb. In March 2007 she entered the Ph.D. Programme Architecture at the same Faculty, and in June 2012 presented her doctoral dissertation entitled Architectural model of space for interdisciplinary research in art and technology. Olja Ivanović (Zagreb Society of Architects) is a bachelor of architecture and urban planning and is currently completing her graduate studies at the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture. During her internship at the Faculty she has worked at the PlusPlus Arhitektura, expanding on her working experience there to this day. In the Fall of 2010 she has participated in the City Acupuncture Trešnjevka workshop, collaborating with the ZSA Youth section, creating a publication for the same workshop. She became an active member of the ZSA Youth section Zagreb in 2011, continuing working on the City Acupuncture project and participating in the organization and/or implementation of workshops Lijepa bolnica Goljak, Vukovar Parks and City Acupuncture of SC. Olja had attended both primary school and high school in Zagreb, and graduated with a bachelor’s degree from the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture in 2011.
Uršula Juvan (Zagreb Society of Architects) currently works as an architect at the Arhitektonski atelier Hržić, and is actively participating in creating and implementing the ZSA’s Youth Section program. She has been a member of the ZSA since 2009, and in 2010 became one of the founding members of the ZSA Youth Section, where she has worked on several projects: Zagreb – architectural pocket guide, City acupuncture and Vukovar parks. She has also participated in various workshops and competitions, both as a participant and as a member of the organizing team. During her education she has been a member of student organizations and has worked as an intern in several architectural studios, including the 3LHD studio and Dva arhitekta. Uršula finished high school in Varaždin and graduated from the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture in 2012.
Martina Kapuđija (Zagreb Society of Architects) currently works at the architectural office Atmosfera in Zagreb, where, in addition to architecture, she works on furniture design. She has been an active member of the Zagreb Society of Architects’ Youth Section since 2010. She has worked on the project City Acupuncture and has participated in the organization and/or implementation of the workshops City Acupuncture Trešnjevka, Lijepa bolnica Goljak, Vukovar parks and City Acupuncture SC. As an architect she has participated in several urban– architectural competitions and in the design festival, DanD 2012. During her studies she has participated in several student workshops. Martina was born in 1986 in Brežice. She finished both elementary and high school in Samobor. She graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at the University of Zagreb in 2011.
Rene Lisac (Zagreb Society of Architects) is an architect currently working as a research fellow and teaching assistant at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb. Rene has authored two scientific articles, two conservation studies, has participated in several international workshops and scientific conferences, and has been awarded prizes in several architectural and urban planning competitions. He is one of the founders of the international interdisciplinary project City Acupuncture. Rene graduated in July 2004 at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Zagreb. In March 2007 he entered the Ph.D. Programme Architecture and in July 2012 successfully presented his doctoral dissertation entitled Guidelines system for university campuses sustainable planning.
Davorka Perić (Zagreb Society of Architects) has been employed at the Zagreb Society of Architects since 2006 as a professional program manager. She has made numerous interdisciplinary programmes related to the issues of public space and contemporary art and everyday life. From 2000–2004 she has been a programme coordinator at the NGO Academia Moderna. She is also a curator and program manager of an international interdisciplinary festival and workshop – Vizura Aperta – in Momjan, which includes working with local residents, children, artists, architects, sociologists and students. Davorka has curated various exhibitions in Zagreb and abroad, participated in project Art for the socially responsible transformation, and has selected artists for many exhibitions and festivals. She writes regularly for artistic catalogues, writing art criticisms. Davorka was born in 1973. She graduated in art history and comparative literature at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb, in 1999.
Frane Dumandžić (Split Society of Architects) works as a head of the Split Association of Architects’ Youth Section, called MASA, and has organized a workshop Marjan 2011: City lungs pneumonia. He is currently working on several projects in DAS. In 2012 Frane graduated at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy in Split.
Vesna Vrga Perović (Zagreb Society of Architects) is a programme manager and mentor in the areas of project management and organizational development. She gained her experience in management and participation through more than 120 Croatian and international projects, within various programs and organizations. In recent years, she has held many seminars in the areas of project management and EU projects, as well as orientation seminars on EU funds in Croatia and abroad. She got her engineering degree from the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, her MBA at IEDC Bled School of Management in Slovenia and specialized in education at the J.F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in the USA, in Management Centre Europein Brussels, with Business Management Consultants, USA and at various international conferences and seminars.
Dragan Žuvela (Split Society of Architects) is currently attending postgraduate studies at the Faculty of Economics in Split. Since 2009 Dragan has been working in an architectural office VV Projekt. He is a web editor and Presidency member of the Split Association of Architects (DAS), included in various projects and activities. Dragan was born in 1984 in Split. In 2009 he graduated at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy in Split.
Mak Kapetanović (Public Room Sarajevo) returned to Sarajevo after working in the Netherlands for 15 years. Now he works on the project of cultural and urban development of his country. The potential of the cultural and creative industry in the country is a major driving force behind his involvement in the development of culture in this city. Currently he is working as a founder and general manager of Public Room, as well as an executive director of the Eastern Neighbours Film Festival in The Hague. Combining his degree in Communications and broad experience in film production and cultural management, Mak has developed a model for cultural development which combines commercial approach in management and communications with focus on respecting cultural values, diversity and international exchange. Mak has a BA in Communications (University of The Hague), and has completed 2 years of sociology studies at the University of Sarajevo.
Marijana Kramarić (Public Room Sarajevo) manages Evergreen Gallery activities with Mak and is the initiator of a Pop–Up Shop Evergreen platform that functions in cooperation with the Dutch organization Concept |NO| Store, promoting and connecting creative forces from the region and the Netherlands. With her experience of living in different cultures, working in various disciplines, from management to creative industries, Marijana forms an asset to the Public Room team. Although she is a professor of Philosophy and a graduate in Indian studies, for the last ten years she has dedicated herself to fashion design and promotion of young creatives, from fashion to product design. She is founder of a fashion atelier Citoyenne K. which creates multifunctional clothing. Marijana got her B.A. in Philosophy and Indian studies from the University of Zagreb.
Ervin Prašljivić (Public Room Sarajevo) is an architect and urban planner who lives and works in Sarajevo. Since graduation he has worked as a Research Associate at the Department of Architectural Design and Construction Technology. He has won numerous awards for design of open public spaces, and the Sixth of April Award for an architectural idea. As a president of a LIFT–spatial initiatives association, he has been involved in organizing a series of workshops, exhibitions and events related to architecture and urbanism. Ervin got his Master’s degree in 2010 in the field of urban transformations.
Goce Gligorov (Public Room Skopje) currently works in the field of design management and product design as a project manager in the organization Public Room, Skopje, Macedonia, implementing the high values and goals the organization represents into a final product. His motto is: Design your life. As an architect he has been awarded in various architectural competitions such as a competition for Small Informational Assembled Objects, competition for Theatre Building and a competition for Republic of Macedonia’s exhibition space, designed for the EXPO in Shanghai 2010. He has also won an award for the best short movie at the Manaki fest, Bitola, Macedonia, for the movie: One (directed by Vardan Tozia). He graduated from the Architectural Faculty, University of Ss. Cyril and Methody, Skopje, Macedonia.
Marija Novović Jovanovska (Public Room Skopje) has worked as a project coordinator at Public Room, Skopje for four years now. She has been researching, preparing and managing correspondence, reports and documents, organizing and coordinating meetings. From 2007–2008 she was working as an archaeologist at the archaeological excavations Kale, Skopje. Marija was born in 1979 and holds a bachelor’s degree in History of Art and Archaeology from the Faculty of Philosophy University of Ss. Cyril and Methody, Skopje.
Aleksandar Velinovski (Public Room Skopje) lives and works in Macedonia and Netherlands and has been engaged with the Public Room civil society organization since 2007. He got involved in defining new forms of government wherein civil society sector would get partnership position, assuming the role of consultant to local and European governments. The constructive workshop Structural Support – A model for Progressive Culture resulted with the first Macedonian and regional manual for the civil society organizations as well as the local and national governments recommending how to implement structural funding for the independent civil society organizations. Being earlier in charge of the first and second edition of Forum Skopje, he has gone further in analysing the attitudes of the policy makers and their readiness to cooperate with the civil society organizations.
Bojana Ljubišić (Cultural Front) works in media and public relations. She has more than 10 years of experience in various culture projects. For the past 5 years she has been working as a PR manager for various alternative culture projects at the Cultural Centre GRAD (www.gradbeograd.eu), Dis–patch Festival (www.dis–patch.org), Kids–patch (www.kids.patch. com), SHARE conference (www.shareconference.net) and many others. She works as a web administrator for the project City Acupuncture. Bojana has studied economics and informatics at the University of Belgrade, Serbia.
Maja Popović (Cultural Front) is an interior designer and architect. Since 2011 she has been a board member of an Amsterdam–based research team Failed Architecture that deals with architecture and urban environments that have been neglected, vandalized or demolished due to specific, economic, social or political circumstances. Her professional development took place in diverse Dutch architectural studios. She gave lectures on the subject of Memory and Remembrance in Architecture and exhibited her work both locally and internationally. She managed workshops, published various articles and participated as a lecturer at conferences in various European cities. Maja had studied furniture and interior design at the Academy of Applied Arts in Utrecht and architecture at the Academy of Architecture in Amsterdam.
Dejan Ubović (Cultural Front) put his know–how into practice by establishing the Cultural Front in 2000. Same year he initiated a project Cross Radio, which is the first post–war media project in ex Yugoslavia that still goes on, connecting 14 cities of the whole region. He has also launched a festival of documentary film, project of re–socialization of former prisoners through art, Festival of Light (Belgrade of Light), Nordic summer cooperation programme with five Nordic countries, Balkan Beat, a Balkan music conference, as well as the Forum Belgrade conference, in cooperation with A Soul for Europe initiative. Finally, in 2008 he initiated a European centre for culture and debate, which opened in an old industrial building in the centre of Belgrade. Dejan studied anthropology and project management in Belgrade.
DAS plays a significant role in terms of opinions and reaction to events in Split and its region. Under its wing DAS also has a Youth section (MASA) whose aim is to bring together students and young architects to implement various initiatives in the form of workshops, lectures and a variety of other activities.
Zagreb Society of Architects (DAZ/ZSA) is a professional association with a long history, dating back to 1878. Objectives of the organization are development, conservation and affirmation of Croatian architecture, urban planning, culture of built environment and protection of the environment in general. With more than 1,000 active members, prominent architects, urban planners, landscape and interior designers, DAZ is the largest society of architects in Croatia. It represents the
interests of its members, organizes and conducts competitions in the field of architecture and urban planning, prepares and organizes professional and educational programs, initiates and manages special projects and participates in preparation of laws and regulations in the field of architecture, urban planning and construction. DAZ web site is the most influential architectural portal in Croatia (www.d–a–z.hr).
The beginning of this professional association
of architects in the city of Split (via its predecessor) goes back to 1908. Split Society of Architects (DAS/ SSA) has existed under its current name since 1960, actively promoting architectural thought in the area. In addition to the regular activities, the Presidency sessions and annual meetings, DAS has been organizing exhibitions, lectures, panel discussions, seminars and professional presentations, has participated in preparation, organization and implementation of architectural competitions and has been engaged in the publishing efforts. Also, as a professional association
Public Room is a non–profit foundation active in the whole region and beyond. Activities and programmes empower the regional non–profit sector, influence national cultural policies and intensify cooperation in culture, arts, design and architecture. The Foundation has been setting up and implementing programmes and events for professionals, in order to promote an idea of open and democratic society within the region. In cooperation with well– established cultural partners Public Room also organizes and offers short–term training
courses in areas not offered by educational programmes in the region. Furthermore, they try to stimulate public debate, development and realization of ideas, as well as cultural exchange in general.
Culture is a series of solutions to problems of living in a specific time and a specific place. Through generations, these solutions are helping develop and maintain a unique vision of a civilized way of life. Culture is valued as the greatest thing we can share with others. Public Room based in Skopje is one of the fastest growing professional cultural organizations in the region. Its independence and mobility allow the organization to establish sustainable relations and realize high– level presentations in the country and abroad. Its connectivity and its network are one of its greatest assets. The 2–year data base (35 000 email
addresses from cultural sector within Europe) positions this Public Room as a main distributor of relevant news to the cultural sector. The Promo Centre, multifunctional space, is a fully equipped space where exhibitions, screenings, debates, conferences and promotions take place.
The Cultural Front started as a self–organized group of artists and cultural managers. So far, the CF has organized projects on local and regional level, dedicated to alternative and innovative approach in areas of art, culture and education, always breaking the borders of ordinary by enforcing regional co–operation and co–production, cherishing dialogue, mutual respect and
above all excellence in the arts and culture, regardless of ethnicity, religious views, sexual preferences etc. The organization has been in existence since 2000, and up until now it has developed and realized some very significant projects for both Belgrade and Serbia, as well as for the region.
Since 2008 the CF is running GRAD, The European centre for Culture and Debate in Belgrade. In the first 3 years GRAD has had around 180 000 visitors in various programmes such as debates, exhibitions, conferences, concerts, literary events, etc.
EU Project Summer 2012
The City Acupuncture is a 24 month project designed in collaboration of 5 associations from 4 different countries of Southeast Europe with the aim to improve the quality of urban life by international cultural exchange. Project will be implemented in five cities: Skopje, Belgrade, Sarajevo, Zagreb and Split, the cities with the common historical and physical heritage which require similar interventions in their structure. All the cities of South–eastern Europe consist of an old historical city core, planned sections of the city dating from both the second half of the 19th century and the modernist era, and the non–planned neighbourhoods. The City Acupuncture methodology is implemented in the framework of interdisciplinary workshops with students and young professionals – architects, anthropologists, landscape architects, artists and others. The project provides for the implementation of individual solutions obtained at the workshop and evaluation of its impact on urban life. With this project, the City Acupuncture methodology is becoming a regional co–operation, wherein the role of culture as an important element in fostering regional development and collaboration is clearly visible. Interdisciplinary and international teams of experts and students are exploring (on the ground) regional identities, urban planning, cultural,
political and economical heritage of cities, using local sites and neighbourhoods as their case studies.
PUBLIC ROOM Sarajevo
PUBLIC ROOM Skopje
Zagreb Society of Architects DAZ
Cultural Front Beograd
Small and precise interventions, thanks to their interesting nature and their being familiar with the local residents, serve as a leverage to improve the quality of urban life. During the entire project examples of such interventions in the selected (and other) European cities are to be compiled. This mapping is to be done by all participants of the project, local residents and all interested parties. The result will be an interactive map and a database of existing interventions, to be used for the final catalogue. The efficiency of acupunctural interventions depends on the level of their interdisciplinarity, openness for participation of the space users, as well as on the sensibility of governing/ civic bodies. This project wishes to bring together experiences of all the organisations (partners in the consortium) working on similar projects and workshops, in order to perfect the very City Acupuncture method. The resulting regional exchange of ideas and experiences of intervening into the urban fabric of cities with similar heritage – which is one of the main objectives of this project – will be applicable further onto the cities of other European regions.
Divergence / Analysis
Convergence / Synthesis
Exhibition / Public Presentation
Reader Lectures Discussion
Activities In Each Participating City Mapping
1 day Event
1 day Public opinion survey
Participation through surveys and
Participation through presentations
Participation through organising
research for the reader
and discussions during the workshop
Each participating city is to organize an interdisciplinary and international workshop along with mapping before and implementation of workshop results later. The objective of the workshops is to use interdisciplinary collaboration and exchange of ideas of young experts and students in order to reach actual proposals for small and precise, easy to execute interventions in the city fabric’s chosen spots. The needs of a given space will be recognized through the workshops with collaboration of the citizens, workshop participants and local government.
Young creative experts from different professions and of different interests are to participate in the workshops. The participants are invited to react creatively to the physical and social space, taking into account public opinion.
Location visit Creating concepts
Discussion Critique Participation
Team work Refinement
Discussion Critique Public opinion
Workshop phases: • 1st phase – the participants are getting familiar with the site, through introductory lectures, site visits and discussions, forming interdisciplinary teams based on affinities and the type of intervention, its micro location, etc. • 2nd phase – presentation of a basic strategy and concepts, followed by work on actual intervention proposals • 3rd phase – the workshop ends with an exhibition and presentation of the proposals, along with a discussion and creation of digital exhibition online. The intervention proposals are prepared, testing the possibilities and mechanisms of their execution. In each city where the workshop takes place 3–5 interventions are to be executed. The interventions are done through necessary coordination between the participants and the local neighbourhood capacities. The executed interventions are then followed by a grand opening along with the exhibition of local artists, performances of local music and dance groups, children’s workshops, etc. Each intervention is evaluated through public survey after its implementation. It is necessary to keep the local community involved during the entire process, from a public survey about potential locations to an evaluation of the proposed interventions. The intervention photographs are to be added online, onto the interactive map. The objective of each intervention is to apply and fit in the chosen interventions as well as the possible ones into the neighbourhood itself and thus to achieve the desired effect on social dynamics and experience of space, learning from their level of success.
Intervention Skopje Fall 2012
Debar Maalo is a district located in the Skopje City Center, covering an area of some 45 hectares (the scope will cover over 50% of the area – 24 hectares). Debar Maalo is framed by some of the city’s main streets, which played significant role in the city development (Partizanski Odredi Bul., Kliment Ohridski Bul., Ilinden Ave. and Franklin Roosevelt St.). The distance between the nearest edge of the District and the Skopje City Center Square is 300 m. The district was formed some 100 years ago, with the implementation of Skopje’s first urban plan, in 1912. The first house was built in 1918. The urban design shows an organic matrix, which got redefined, in subsequent development and city growth. Debar Maalo exhibits genesis of both the past and the present. It has been and still is developing in the City’s very center. It is a home for various social groups living in the area, a District where various programs are located. Hence the District consists of residential buildings, colleges, the City Library, primary school, local businesses, a bazaar, a lot of cafés and restaurants, civic and state institutions, as well as a few organizations (Public Room Promo Center included). The area is home for a population of some 16 000 residents of all ages and is daily visited by 10 000 more. Satellite image by GeoEye
Savamala is a district located south of the Kalemegdan fortress and the neighbourhood of Kosančićev Venac, stretching along the Sava river. Its northern section belongs to the municipality of Stari Grad, while its central and southern sections belong to the municipality of Savski Venac. This is a location where the physical meets the social, which currently happens in a very unregulated or haphazard manner: there are entertainment spots (Mladost, Hard Rock Club, Brankov), cultural institutions (Cultural Center Grad, Mikser House and Goethe Institute in the near future), the river front (where people jog or walk) and inner courtyards (the common areas for rare local inhabitants). Although considered one of the most neglected parts of the Belgrade’s downtown, Savamala is actually crossed by many important traffic lines: by the Karađorđeva street itself (with a railroad parallel to it and the tram tracks), two bridges over the Sava river (Brankov most and (Stari) Savski most), central bus station and bus station of the Lasta transportation company, Belgrade’s main train station and the Sava Port (Savsko pristanište). By placing emphasis on a sense of place and identity, we will inspire feeling of belonging within the local community. The goal is to make visitors learn to recognize these places as attractive, motivating them to visit them and feel at home
there. In the end, rather than simply crossing it for an event or a venue elsewhere, they will end up visiting Savamala instead. This is where the interaction will start to happen, making this area relevant once more and dear to both the locals and their visitors.
Satellite image by GeoEye
Intervention Zagreb Spring 2013
Open call selection process will ensure that the most interested and committed local council will end up getting these creative minds to engage with the neighbourhood, enabling them to intervene into the space and interact with the local community, attracting public and media attention and thus strengthening the districtâ€™s identity and overall visibility. Local council will provide support for the workshop and will be actively involved in implementation of the acupunctural interventions. Having longâ€“term sustainability of the project in mind, this way the organizers will also identify other interested city districts for potential future implementations of the City Acupuncture.
In preparation for the Zagreb workshop location, an open call for the cityâ€™s districts to propose a partnership will be launched, which is in line with the open and participative philosophy of the City Acupuncture methodology. In the City of Zagreb there are 17 city districts; one of them will have the opportunity to host a team of creative interdisciplinary professionals and students from the region, who will then scan the physical and social structure of the urban space, explore potential and identity of the neighbourhoods and, finally, propose and implement the acupunctural interventions and small landmarks in the district. They will interact with the local residents, civil society organizations and local committees in their quest for the most efficient and innovative way to enhance quality of urban life and foster social cohesion of the local community.
Satellite image by GeoEye
Right across the City Hall there is an area with some greenery, which used to house a kindergarten, surrounded by a playground. Unfortunately, it got destroyed during the war and attempts to revitalize the area have been unsuccessful. People interested in using the location would be associations’ members, as well as all other individuals and activists who wish to revitalize the area. Potential new users will be tourists, preschool children and associations that would like to use the location for cultural and social activities, and other purposes.
The site is located on the southern side of the river Miljacka, across the Old Town of Sarajevo. It is a mixed residential area, with different housing types and structures (about 240 individual and collective housing structures and some 720 housing units), accommodating approximately 2160 residents. Two local roads access the site from its eastern and northern side and a tram station connecting the area with public transportation system is just across the river. Some pedestrian pathways cross the site diagonally. The significant spots and landmarks in and around the area are the City Hall, Baščaršija, the Marijin Dvor Center, the Inat House and the Kemal Pasha’s Bridge in the immediate vicinity, as well as the Sarajevo Brewery, the Museum of the City of Sarajevo and the Emperor’s Mosque. Since the City Hall is one of the most beautiful and significant buildings from the Austro–Hungarian period, the area is actually a frequently visited tourist spot.
Satellite image by GeoEye
Intervention Split Fall 2013
Many architects and theoreticians wrote about the importance of Split’s negative, as a form of juxtaposing architectural periods and their interrelations, focusing mostly on Diocletian’s Palace and city’s medieval core. However, similar processes of public space formation have been taking place in almost all of Split’s neighbourhoods. Sometimes their ad hoc formation brings along the typical charm of Mediterranean public space. Recently, however, we are witnessing an almost barbarian occupation of space through illegal construction. Hence, proposed interventions should not only give function to these public spaces, but also prevent their future disappearance by envisioning activities in them, incorporating them into everyday life and connecting them with local residents’ needs.
Split is a city whose buildings and voids are equally important. Streets, squares and parks are the elements involved in creation of genius loci of every Mediterranean city, including our own. Over the years, many of these voids were created as a result of some demolition, bombing or military occupation, and less as a result of careful planning and design. Their creation is important, as is their transformation from a useless spot to public space. On one hand there’s time, and on the other the general public’s mental process; from perceiving a space as sheer emptiness to perceiving it as a public value, important for both the local residents and city’s mental mapping.
Satellite image by GeoEye
Project Outcomes Spring 2014
Main activities of this project are five workshops, implementation of 15 to 25 small interventions and the final catalogue. Other activities include kick off, visibility event, mapping, conference, web, video etc. Outcomes of the project can be divided into: • theoretical – improved, tested and documented methodology of the interdisciplinary intervening into urban fabric, entitled City Acupuncture • conceptual – all the intervention ideas and solutions made during the workshops themselves • social – improvement of the quality of life in selected neighbourhoods along with better cohesion of its residents, as well as enhancement of the environment awareness, development of organisations involved, getting younger people involved in development of the local community • physical – actual implementations of the workshop ideas and a project publication: an informative brochure about the project as well as a catalogue of both potential and already implemented interventions • virtual – web page wherein the projects and implementations are exhibited permanently, along with all the information on the project itself, its methodology, participants and activities
Aside from the cultural exchange and understanding of urban spaces and processes, this project promotes and tests interdisciplinary co–operation and dialogue through which the interventions are being planned and executed. An integral part of this communication between all the professions involved is the continuous participation of the citizens themselves, of local bodies and active organisations. An indirect aim of this project is development of the organisations, their members and all the individuals participating in this project. All the contacts and experiences gained from the City Acupuncture project are to become a basis for their actions and collaborations thereafter, turning them into generators of improvement of the quality of urban life. The continuation of the project, on a European level, is to be expected through recognition and use of the City Acupuncture methodology and its results in other European regions. Aside from the developed methodology, the project will create a publicly accessible intervention database. All the interested parties, especially the experts, professionals, organisations and local government bodies of European and other cities, will be able to use the results, profiting from the experience gained with the project.
Organizations participating in the project
• Zagreb Society of Architects, CRO – Coordinating Partner Kristina Careva, Olja Ivanović, Uršula Juvan, Martina Kapuđija, Rene Lisac, Davorka Perić, Vesna Vrga Perović • Public Room Sarajevo, BIH – Partner Mak Kapetanović, Marijana Kramarić, Ervin Prašljivić • Public Room Skopje, MKD – Partner Goce Gligorov, Marija Novović–Jovanovska, Aleksandar Velinovski • Cultural Front, SRB – Partner Nevena Janković, Bojana Ljubišić, Maja Popović, Dejan Ubović • Split Society of Architects, CRO – Associated Partner Frane Dumandžić, Dragan Žuvela
• Publisher Zagreb Society of Architects Trg bana J. Jelačića 3, Zagreb
• Visual Identity & Design Minimum d.o.o. Matej Korlaet, Marko Uremović
• Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Culture • Republic of Croatia, City of Zagreb, Office for Strategic Planning and Development of the City • Republic of Serbia, City of Belgrade, City Municipality of Savski venac • Sarajevo Center for Contemporary Arts • University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture Project’s budget is 235.000 €. EC contribution amounts 50% and the rest of the funding covered by project partners with the support of local donators and partners. This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Project duration: June 2012 – May 2014 www.cityacupuncture.org • firstname.lastname@example.org © Zagreb Society of Architects, Zagreb, 09/2012
• For the Publisher Damir Ljutić – President of ZSA • Editor-In-Chief Kristina Careva • Editorial Board Kristina Careva, Olja Ivanović, Uršula Juvan, Martina Kapuđija, Rene Lisac, Davorka Perić, Vesna Vrga Perović
• Language Editing Dominko Blažević • Typography FF Daxline by Hans Reichel Interstate by Tobias Frere– Jones • Print Printera Group Ltd., 09/2012 • ISBN 978-953-95350-8-5 • With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union