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CITIZENS

&

C O.

Sally Al-Ejeilat Giancarlo Muñoz Mauricio Estrada Juan Sebastián Benítez

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WHO WE ARE AND HOW WE WORK?

WHERE HAVE WE WORKED?

ACTIVATION OF UNUSED & PUBLIC SPACES

? P. 5

P. 6

P. 8 •   U r b a n F a r m i n g. E n h a n c i n g s o c i a l l i f e i n K e r n e r v i e r t e l p. 1 0 •   F r a m e t h e N e c k a r. p. 1 4 •   N e c k a r L a b p. 1 6 •   S e l f i e a m N e c k a r p. 2 0 •   “ O p e n m e ” - Ö f f n e n m i c h p. 2 2 •  Neckar lower your fences 2.0. p. 2 4 •   C o m m o n d r e a m s p. 2 6 •   P i c n i c a t t h e r i v e r p. 2 6

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WORKSHOPS & CITIZENS PARTICIPATION

P. 3 0 •   S t u t t g a r t a m N e c k a r. P u b l i c S y m p o s i u m . p. 3 2 •   Wa s t e m a n a g e m e n t s t r a t e g y f o r E l - M a l a ’ a . p. 3 4 •  Climate change resilient p r o d u c t i v e l a n d s c a p e s p. 3 8 •  Pedestrianazing streets in Amman. Criteria for optimum s e l e c t i o n p. 4 0

SPACE BRANDING

P. 44

LIST OF PROJECTS

P. 56

•   T h e r o l l i n g b o t t l e. p. 4 6 •  A new transport map for S t u t t g a r t . p. 4 8 •   S a r c a s t i c s i g n a g e. p. 5 0 •   E x t r a b r a n d i n g m a t e r i a l . p. 5 2

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Sally Al-Ejeilat

Giancarlo Muñoz

Mauricio Estrada

Juan Sebastián B e n í t e z B.


WHO WE ARE? C i t i z e n s & C o. i s a n e w l y - f o u n d e d s o c i a l e n t r e p r e n e u r i a l practice established by four urbanists: A Jordanian, a C o s t a R i c a n , a n d t w o C o l o m b i a n s. T h e f o u n d e r s h o l d a c o m m o n M S c. D e g r e e i n I n t e g r a t e d U r b a n i s m & S u s t a i n a b l e Design, offered by the University of Stuttgart (Germany) in collaboration with Ain Shams University (Egypt), and come from diverse architectural and civil engineering bachelor’s b a c k g r o u n d s. A main passion bringing them together and governing their design approach is the full involvement and participation of citizens in decision-making processes affecting their livelihoods; turning the citizen into both the designer and the beneficiary of any project. Their specialty lies in creating detailed development strategies and testing their applicability to cities through e x p e r i m e n t a l p i l o t p r o j e c t s, p a r t i c i p a t o r y a n d t r a i n i n g w o r k s h o p s. T h r o u g h o u t t h e i r p r o j e c t s t h e y h a v e c o v e r e d a v a r i e t y o f s p a t i a l , s o c i a l a n d e n v i r o n m e n t a l t o p i c s, i n u r b a n a n d r u r a l c o n t e x t s a l i k e.

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Stuttgart

5, 6, 7

Belgrade 8

Cairo 9 Alexandria 1

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Nicoya San Juan2 Bogotá 3 Medellín 4

WH ER E H AVE WE W O R KED ?

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1 2

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A m m a n 11, 12

4 5 6

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8 9

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B u i l d i n g r u r a l r e s i l i e n c e. N i c o y a , C o s t a R i c a . Master Thesis Activation and upgrading of public space through c i t i z e n s p a r t i c i p a t i o n . S a n J o s é, C o s t a R i c a . Architecture competition S o c i a l R e s i l i e n c e t h r o u g h I n f o r m a l E c o n o m y. B o g o t á , Colombia. Master Thesis The Sponge Network. Medellín, Colombia. Urban Ecology Design S t u t t g a r t a m N e c k a r. S t u t t g a r t , G e r m a n y. Activation of public spaces and city-river linkages E n h a n c i n g s o c i a l l i f e t h r o u g h u r b a n f a r m i n g. S t u t t g a r t , G e r m a n y. Participator y urban planning strategy S t r a t e g i e s f o r a s u s t a i n a b l e m o b i l i t y. S t u t t g a r t , G e r m a n y. Participator y urban planning strategy C o m m u n i t y - l e d p l a n n i n g s t r a t e g y. B e l g r a d e, S e r b i a . Participator y urban planning strategy Wa s t e - m a n a g e m e n t s t r a t e g y f o r E l - M a l a ’ a i n f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t . C a i r o, E g y p t . Planning strategy and citizens participation Seasonality and climate-change mitigation. Alexandria, Egypt. Master Thesis Street pedestrianization. Amman, Jordan. Master Thesis Flood management. Amman, Jordan. Urban Ecology Design

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A C T I VAT I O N O F PUBLIC & UNUSED SPACES

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URBAN FARMING ENHANCING THE SOCIAL LIFE IN KERNERVIERTEL, STUTTGART. Kernerviertel is a neighborhood located in a very centric l o c a t i o n i n S t u t t g a r t , G e r m a n y. Its urban fabric is characterized by dense blocks with mostly residential buildings and very few streets with high levels of activity in the ground level. After decades of expansion of t h e c i t y, i t s p r o x i m i t y t o m a i n highways has turned it also into one of the most polutted areas o f t h e c i t y. L a c k i n g s o c i a l l i f e a n d e n v i r o n m e n t a l q u a l i t y, t h e neighborhood has lost its ‘touch’

EXPERIMENTING

and a t r a c t i v e n e s s. Current inhabitants do not perceive any pleasure on walking its streets and very few places are r e c o g n i z e d a s s o c i a l a t t r a c t o r s, making them move much more to get recreation, sometimes even i n c r e a s i n g t h e c a r u s e. I t s s e m i public and semi-private spaces are also easily recognizable by the presence of car parking s p a c e s, t r a s h c o n t a i n e r s, a n d e m p t y s p a c e s w i t h n o u s e. Through

PILOT & EVALUATION

urban

e x p e r i m e n t s,

IMPLEMENTATION

m a p p i n g t e c h n i q u e s, s u r v e y s a n d i n t e r v i e w s, a n a l t e r n a t i v e vision and planning strategy was produced aiming to reactivate the social and spatial fabric of the neighborhood by introducing u r b a n f a r m i n g a s m a i n s t r a t e g y. Urban gardening offers a new purpose to otherwise abandoned a n d u n d e r u s e d s p a c e s. B e s i d e s creating a pleasant atmosphere and giving aesthetic qualities to t h e s p a c e s b e t w e e n b u i l d i n g s, urban farming contributes

GROWTH

EXPANSION

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to the enhancement of the environmental qualities on a micro level. The linkage of eventual productive clusters with the existing vehicular and pedestrian flows allows the creation of a network that facilitates the exchange of knowledge and goods between neighbours and e x t e r n a l p a r t n e r s. t h i s c o u l d lead to a diverse range of activities like urban gardening w o r k s h o p s, s a t u r d a y m a r k e t s, c o m m u n a l k i t c h e n s, f a r m i n g related conferences or seasonal neighbourhood Festival.

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Google Earth Pro 7.1.5.1557

Base map source: Google Earth Pro V 7.1.5.1557. (23 June, 2016). Kernerviertel, Stuttgart. 48º47’11.79” N, 9º11’37.89” E , Eye alt 1352 feet. Image Landsat, Copernicus. http://www.earth.google.com [February 26, 2017].

Urban gardening

Local market

Workshops 13


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FRAME THE NECKAR URBAN EXPERIMENT AND ACTIVATION W h a t d o P a r i s, B e r l i n , L o n d o n , P r a g u e, B u d a p e s t a n d C o l o g n e have in common? If you do a quick search in Google you will n o t i c e a c o m m o n f e a t u r e, a r i v e r. R i v e r s s o r r o u n d e d b y n e a t p r o m e n a d e s, r i v e r b a n k s a n d m o s t i m p o r t a n t l y, l i f e ! S t u t t g a r t a l s o h a s a r i v e r, t h e N e c k a r, b u t s o m e p e o p l e d o n ’ t e v e n k n o w. Mainly used as a waterway for cargo transportation, the river is characterised by very narrow b i k e a n d p e d e s t r i a n p a t h s, factories and highways in both sides and almost no attractive f a c i l i t i e s. H o w e v e r, b e i n g t h e r e

is not unpleasent at all. The river offers a landscape which is equally brutal and c h a r m i n g. F a r from being n e g a t i v e, i t o f f e r s a u n i q u e n e s s not easily seen in other river c i t i e s. T h e N e c k a r i n S t u t t g a r t has a hidden beauty waiting to be unveiled. By framing it with what might seem like a trivial intervention, a debate was triggered on principles about the value of appropriation and highlighted the hidden potential of the river to become the city’s i d e n t i t y.

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NECKAR LAB URBAN EXPERIMENT AND ACTIVATION The day started more colorful than usual in a small part of the r i v e r s i d e t h a t S u n d a y. T h e p l a c e, unknown or unnoticed to many S t u t t g a r t e r s, i s u s e d a s a c c e s s to the water for members of the KGS Kanuklub (Canoe club). Facing a gas tank, it is one of the few points where the view of the riverside is not blocked by d e n s e v e g e t a t i o n . C y c l i s t s t h e r e, usually with their heads down in high speed, were surprised, sometimes annoyed, to slow down and share the riverside with some curious people taking a m o m e n t t o e n j o y t h e s p a c e. Intended to break the monotony of a linear asphalt path, an alternative use of the space for a day was proposed. The stairs normally used for bringing the canoes to the water turned into

improvised bleachers where onlookers could enjoy the view o f t h e r i v e r. F o r t h e m o r e c u r i o u s o n e s, c h a i r s w e r e p l a c e d o n t h e p l a t e a u r i g h t n e x t t o t h e w a t e r, as people could also dip their t o e s. T h e v i e w w a s n o t t h e o n l y a t t r a c t i o n t h e r e. O n t h e o t h e r side of the cycle path, on the u p p e r s i d e, a r u s t i c l o u n g e w a s set. Pallets and cushions formed furnitures and large baskets with fruits invited passersby to e x p e r i e n c e t h a t p l a c e. The intervention aimed to raise public space awareness and instigate people to discover the potential of their neighborhood. As their event motto “Hi, I’m your neighbor!”, the visitors could know a little more about the two neighbors brought together

to promote this event, two companies of the Grossmarkt, Andretta Fruchtimport GmbH. and Gemüsering Stuttgart GmbH, were interested in connecting w i t h t h e i r c o n s u m e r s, p r o v i d e d fresh fruits and information about their p r o d u c t s. T h e information was tailored by the NeckarLab so people could have a first glimpse of how steps of the food production chain are closer than they thought.

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SELFIE AM NECKAR URBAN EXPERIMENT AND SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN What the citizens want...

Beach and Swimming facilities Gastronomy Sport Facilities Selfie am Neckar consisted of a set of playful frames located in different spots along the Neckar river in Stuttgart. The t a s k w a s s i m p l e : “ Ta k e a s e l f i e with the Neckar”. For doing that, the dareful citizens were asked to answer one question: “What would you like to do in the Neckar?”, then to choose one or many actions from a wide range of options and take a photo with t h e r i v e r. W i t h t h e c o n s e n t o f t h e u s e r s, s o m e o f t h e p h o t o s were uploaded to social media as engagement strategy to a b r o d e r p u b l i c.

We w a n t e d t o s t a r t a c o n v e rsation with the citizens about the things that for them, were n e c e s s a r y t o r e v i t a l i z e t h e r i v e r, but also to show to the public that the river itself has a hidden beauty waiting for somebody to unveil it.

Green spaces along the River Improve Infrastructure Improve visibility of river banks Accomodation near the Neckar Events near the river Experience the industrial heritage Playgrounds for Children

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N E C K A R : L O W E R YO U R FENCES 1.0 URBAN EXPERIMENT & ACTIVATION In the first part of this urban experiment and activation, called ‘ N e c k a r : L o w e r Yo u r F e n c e s 1.0’, we built a door out in the open air leaning on one of the fences close to the river bank. The message on the closed door reads “Open me”. When opened, the user is offered an alternative view of what the Neckar could

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b e. We c r e a t e d a v i s u a l i z a t i o n t h a t c o v e r s t h e f e n c e, w i t h i m a g e s o f p e o p l e s u n - b a t h i n g, reading a book, playing ball, or simply having a good time on the riverbank with their feet in t h e w a t e r. O n t h e o p e n l e a f o f t h e d o o r, we had a blackboard where we


asked people to write what they wished to have there if the fence didn’t exist. People participated actively and their interactions w e r e v e r y r e w a r d i n g. T h i s w a s w h a t u r g e d u s t o t a k e t h i s f u rther to a second part for this experiment.

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N E C K A R : L O W E R YO U R FENCES 2.0 URBAN EXPERIMENT & ACTIVATION I n ‘ N e c k a r : L o w e r Yo u r F e n c e s 2’, carried out three weeks after the first part of the experiment, we decided to challenge the n o r m s. W h a t i f w e i n v i t e p e o p l e t o c r o s s t h e f e n c e s, a n d h a v e their weekend picnic on the riverbank instead of elsewhere? We d e s i g n e d i t a s f o l l o w s : We told people to bring their food a n d p i c n i c g e a r, a n d f r o m o u r s i d e, w e p r o v i d e d t h e m w i t h riverbank accessibility by using e m p t y b e e r b o x e s. T h e b o x e s were arranged in a way to create a stair which could be climbed t o t h e o t h e r s i d e o f t h e f e n c e, where they form an amphitheatre t o s i t a n d e n j o y t h e r i v e r. F o r the promotion of the event, we produced a video which can be found on our facebook page Stuttgart am Neckar 2017, in addition to flyers we gave out on a mass activity organized by a collective cyclists promoting the use of the bicycle in Stuttgart (Critical Mass).

The “Stairs/Amphitheatre” were built in the same location where the previous door was installed. The fence leading to the site was decorated by postcards o f o t h e r r i v e r c i t i e s - C o l o g n e, P a r i s, Berlin, Tü b i n g e n , B e l g r a d e, e t c. - ( s e e p. x x ) t o show people the potentials and make them wonder “Could this be the Neckar?”. Neckar information maps w e r e i n s t a l l e d c l o s e - b y, a n d sarcastic signage and chalk spray on the floor led people to the installation. “Many people interacted with the postcards on t h e f e n c e s, b u t o n l y f e w d a r e d to cross the fence to enjoy a r i v e r b a n k p i c n i c.

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I M P L E M E N TAT I O N O F S H A R E D S PA C E S I N KERNERVIERTEL. PARTICIPATORY PLANNING STRATEGY

The movement along and across the neighbourhood demand different means, this section, across the Stäffele, shows why old people have to walk around the neighbourhood to reach the higher streets

OBJECTIVE

VISION

A

B

EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE BASED ON S P E E D & S E G R E G AT I O N Most of the Stäffele in Kernerviertel are designed for specific physical conditions, even with demographic factor as an important matter in the neighbourhood. The green spots along the stairs are leftover spaces instead for stay or for different activities apart from climbing.

The movement along and across the neighbourhood demand different means, this section, across the Stäffele, shows why old people have to walk around the neighbourhood to reach the higher streets

A

DIFFERENT NEEDS FOR DIFFERENT USERS

Stäffele Section

This Stäffele was equipped with infrastructure for cyclists to carry their bikes uphill, however the space was not thought for users of different ages and physical conditions. Two cyclists may ride the same bike but it does not mean they have the same strength.

Kernerviertel is located in a step neighbourhood, whose pedestrian infrastructure was not planned in an inclusive f a s h i o n . Ta k i n g i n t o a c c o u n t all the different users and their n e e d s, a i m i n g t o i m p r o v e t h e pedestrian mobility should result i n m o r e i n c l u s i v e p a t h w a y s. T h e stairs are always present when users describe their mobility e x p e r i e n c e, e i t h e r c o m p l a i n t s about the low maintenance and also pointed as the fastest w a y t o c l i m b t h e h i l l . Ta r g e t i n g

B

This Stäffele was equipped with infrastructure for cyclists to carry their bikes uphill, however the space was not thought for users of different ages and physical conditions. Two cyclists may ride the same bike but it does not mean they have the same strength.

a scenario where pedestrians s u r p a s s c a r d r i v e r s, i t i s o n l y natural to target the stairs as a strong element. It is envisioned that the strip of land between the stairs is used as an alternative path. The current state of the mobility infrastructure of the neighbourhood shows that such was thought for people with t h e s a m e m o b i l i t y c o n d i t i o n s. The aim of this strategy was to diversify it.

A

B

I N C L U S I V E PAT H S F O R A DIVERSE SOCIETY

B

A

A D D I N G E X P E R I E N C E S A L O N G T H E W AY 27


METHODS & TOOLS

INFERENCES & FINDINGS OPINIONS WANTING CHANGE

Location: Kernerplatz Analysis

Incentive: Muffins

MODERATE OPINIONS

Conversation

Notes

NO OPINION

- Do you fell safe when you cross the street? - How would you cross to reach the statue? - Do you find the neighbourhood pleasant for walking? 28


UPGRADING/ REDESIGNING THE MOBILITY INFRASTRUCTURE Paved Parking Ramps Paths

Traffic Lights

Trash Cans

Soft Open Surface Spaces

Rest Stops

The livelihood of some spaces in the city depend of how welle q u i p e d t h e y a r e. T h r o u g h s o m e specific interventions these city pockets can be transformed i n t o a m u l t i - f u n c t i o n a l s p a c e. F o r t h i s, i t i s m o s t l y r e l e v a n t t o understand that people are the c e n t e r o f m o b i l i t y n o t c a r s. U s i n g t h a t p r i n c i p l e, o n e c a n r e a c h t h e conclusion that mobility is not a b o u t s p e e d b u t a b o u t s p a c e.

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WORKSHOPS & CITIZENS PA RT I C I PAT I O N

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STUTTGART AM NECKAR “OPEN AIR” AND PUBLIC SYMPOSIUM

Just a few meters away from t h e N e c k a r r i v e r, a s f a m o u s a s neglected, the Hall of Fame (as it is known) under the König Karls Bridge in Bad Cannstatt, is a symbol of the street art in S t u t t g a r t . D e s p i t e o f i t s i m p o rt a n c e f o r s o m e, t h e p l a c e h a s a negative connotation for many: u n s a f e, u g l y, d i r t y, d a r k . Do you wonder about the beach chairs and the ‘classroom’ environment in front of these graffit i - p a i n t e d w a l l s, a l l a t t h e s a m e time? The main idea was to use a neglected or forgotten place a n d g i v e i t a n o t h e r m e a n i n g, u s i n g i t f o r a n o t h e r p u r p o s e. I n o u r c a s e, w e w a n t e d t o t r a n s form this place into a public exchange room next to the river in which we could present our ideas but also open a common ground for discussion.

We i n v i t e d s o m e o f o u r p a r t n e r s, c i t i z e n s, f r i e n d s, r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f t h e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f t h e c i t y, l e c t u r e r s. P l u s, b y d o i n g i t i n a public space we intended to also gather some passers-by who could feel attracted by the a c t i v i t y. Besides the purpose of opening up a fruitful discussion on the N e c k a r a n d i t s i s s u e s, o n e o f the main messages we wanted t o s e n d t o t h e p e o p l e, i s t h a t everything you perceive as ugly o r n o t a t t r a c t i v e, m i g h t e a s i ly and cheaply be transformed i n t o s o m e t h i n g e l s e, s o m e t h i n g you want, something you need, s o m e t h i n g y o u l o v e, y o u j u s t need an idea and tons of good energy to make it happen.

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WA S T E - M A N A G E M E N T S T R AT E G Y F O R E L - M A L A ’ A . H E LW A N , E G Y P T WORKSHOP

This workshop was held in Helwan, an informal settlement loc a t e d i n t h e o u t s k i r t s o f C a i r o. Aiming to make of this area a more resilient R-Urban commun i t y, t h e p l a n f o r i m p r o v i n g t h e waste management was selected a m o n g s e v e r a l o t h e r s. A s s h o r t term project, the establishment of an association for the control of the solid waste in this area w a s c a r r i e d o u t , s p e c i f i c a l l y, r e garding to alternative usage of p l a s t i c b a g s. T h i s a p p r o a c h w a s relevant as this material is accumulated in the water system, which leads to contaminate it. I n t h e Wo r k s h o p t h e a t t e n d e e s were informed about the situation in the neighbourhood and the consequences for the local

n a t u r a l s y s t e m s. A f t e r t h a t , t h e y were introduced to different ideas on how to use the plast i c b a g s o f t h e z o n e, c u r r e n t l y s e e n a s l e f t o v e r s. E x p l a n a t i o n on how to collect them, wash them and prepare them was developed. Four main techniques for achieving different outcomes were explained. After the explanation and a few hours of work, some first samples of possible products to do with recycled plastic bags were shown, from which many attendees got inspiration for keep working and for trying the different techniques introduced in t h e w o r k s h o p.

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With this is was clear for them how to deal with some of the waste accumulated in Helwan, clean the environment, and at the same time to have economic benefits from it. Part of the macro-strategy was to contact those interested in developing expertise with the treatment of plastic bags with shops specialized in selli n g t h i s s o r t o f p r o d u c t s. F o r this task, a market research in Cairo was developed, in which several potential stores were found and contacted, such as:

Turath

Fair Trade Egypt

Yadawee

Trochet

Khyameya

Up Fuse

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CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENT PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPES. AN ASSESMENT OF THE CLIMATE ADAPTATION FOR THE COMMUNITY OF CERRO NEGRO, NICOYA. COSTA RICA AUTHOR: Giancarlo Muñoz

TOOLS USED: •  •  •  •  •  • 

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Video beam presentations Relation matrices Timelines Mapping Open discussions Questionnaires


As part of the thesis field research visit, a participatory workshop of two days was held in the house of one of t h e c o m m u n i t y l e a d e r s, w i t h the purpose of conducting an initial vulnerability assessment ( I VA ) e x e r c i s e. E v e n t h o u g h the number of participants v a r i e d e a c h d a y, i n a v e r a g e 1 5 people participated (10% of the community population). T h e m a i n p u r p o s e o f t h e I VA i s for the participants to analyse the exposure and sensitivity of a social group or a livelihood in relation to existing issues o r h a z a r d s, a s w e l l , i t a i m s at developing a “common understanding of the hazards that have posed and are likely to pose the highest risk to groups of community members in a landscape and their livelihoods� ( O X FA M 2 0 1 6 , p. 9 ) .

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PEDESTRIANIZING STREETS IN AMMAN, JORDAN. CRITERIA FOR OPTIMUM STREET SELECTION AUTHOR: Sally Al-Ejeilat The focus group discussion was part of a bigger research project. The research started with gathering global and local criteria for selecting the best streets for pedestrianization f r o m d i f f e r e n t l i t e r a r y s o u r c e s, as well as interviews with local m u n i c i p a l i t y p r o f e s s i o n a l s. I n a s e c o n d s t e p, a n d i n o r d e r n o t t o limit this criteria to top-down, p r o f e s s i o n a l o p i n i o n s, a s a m p l e of 25 locals and street activists was invited to participate in a focus group discussion (FGD). A s a f i r s t s t e p, a n d t h r o u g h an activity triggering the imagination, the participants defined the 3 most important motis for pedestrianizing streets in Amman in their opinion. These motifs were:

1. Pedestrianization to Enhance A c c e s s t o P u b l i c Tr a n s i t ( F u t u r e BRT Stations) 2. Pedestrianization to Enhance Recreation Options (at a Central City Scale) 3. Pedestrianization to Enhance Recreation Options (at a Local Neighbourhood Scale) I n a s e c o n d s t e p, p a r t i c i p a n t s were divided into three working g r o u p s. E a c h g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d one of those pedestrianization m o t i f s, a n d s o r t e d o u t t h e previously-collected top-down criteria for pedestrianization into “obligatory” and “complementary” criteria, then arranged them in an order of most to least relevant based on the degree at which they affect t h e s t r e e t s e l e c t i o n p r o c e s s. The 3 criteria lists resulting from this FGD were further validated t h r o u g h a l o c a l s u r v e y, a n d c a n b e f o u n d i n t h e p u b l i s h e d t h e s i s. They can now be used for the selection of optimum streets to be pedestrianised in the city of Amman, with a balanced combination of top-down and b o t t o m - u p o p i n i o n s.

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INFORMAL ECONOMY IN THE PUBLIC SPACE AS A DRIVER OF SOCIAL RESILIENCE. CASE STUDY ON INFORMAL WORKERS IN T H E P U B L I C S PA C E O F B O G OTA , C O L O M B I A . MASTER THESIS RESEARCH The informal economy accounts for more than 50% of the nonrural working population in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South and East Asia. From t h i s g r o u p, t h e i n f o r m a l w o r k e r s in the public space (IWPS) are some of the most affected not only by being constantly exposed to the environment but also being subject of neglection from sectors of the society that perceive this practice as negative or illegal. It is often disregarded their great capacities to respond, recover and prevent in the face of social disturbances and t h e r e f o r e, t h e i r l e v e l o f s o c i a l r e s i l i e n c e. As a component of resilience o f c o m m u n i t i e s, t h e s o c i a l resilience has raised attention of researchers across a multitude of academic discipline but has been highly associated with e n v i r o n m e n t a l s t u d i e s. H o w e v e r, there is a growing need to articulate the resilient practices in the face of other stressors like social, political or economic d i s a s t e r s. U s i n g t h e c a s e s t u d y

of IWPS of Bogotรก, this research will provide empiric evidence of the adaptation and survival mechanisms of the IWPS and the inexorable relation between those and the production of s o c i a l r e s i l i e n c e. Te n a t t r i b u t e s clustered in five sub-dimensions of Social Resilience were mutually associable with the field of Informal Economy in order to contrast them with the r e a l i t y o f I W P S. F o r t h i s, 1 4 semi-structured interviews were conducted to IWPS in two d i f f e r e n t l o c a l i t i e s o f t h e c i t y. Field observations and analysis of institutional reports also complemented the qualitative a n a l y s i s. W i t h t h e e x c e p t i o n of one attribute (Community Engagement), evidence showed positive characteristics of the other nine attributes which can be associated with the production o f s o c i a l r e s i l i e n c e. T h r o u g h synthesizing the observations a n d t h e i r r e s p o n s e s, a s e t o f recommendations are raised to articulate the findings with u r b a n r e s i l i e n c e a g e n d a s.

For full access to the research, please follow this link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327656553_Informal_Economy_in_the_Public_Space_as_a_Driver_of_ Social_Resilience_Case_Study_on_Informal_Workers_in_the_Public_Space_of_Bogota_Colombia

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PLACE BRANDING

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“THE ROLLING BOTTLE” AWARENESS CAMPAIGN

Have you ever imagined that a b o t t l e c o u l d t r a v e l ? We f o l l o w e d the trail of this water bottle born in Stuttgart and filled with a small reserve of mineral water f r o m o n e o f i t s m a n y f o u n t a i n s. The idea was to share the story behind Stuttgart am Neckar around this beautiful world. The rolling bottle began its trip by the end of 2017 and we can’t be more jealous about the places it has visited. H o w e v e r, w e k n o w t h a t w e a r e being very well represented. From places like the Neckar or K ö n i g s t r a s s e, t o B r a z i l , E g y p t , G r e e c e, I n d i a a n d m a n y m o r e !

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A NEW TRANSPORT MAP FOR STUTTGART? LARGE SCALE CONNECTIVITY: FROM THE CITY TO THE RIVER

L o o k s f a m i l i a r ? I t s h o u l d . Yo u have probably noticed that most cities incorporate the river into their public transport network m a p ( e. g. P a r i s, L o n d o n , e t c. ) . The river is often at the heart of the city’s recreational center and the city makes effort to draw people towards it. Why is Stuttgart rejecting the Neckar? Why is it marginalized, u n d e r- d e v e l o p e d , and not inviting for visitors? Students created their own vision of Stuttgart’s public t r a n s p o r t m a p, t h i s t i m e w i t h t h e N e c k a r, a n d i t s e e m s t o f i t r i g h t in!

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“Next exit in just 1100m. Good Luck”

“ YO U C A N L O O K B U T YO U C A N ’ T TO U C H ” - N E C K A R 50


SARCASTIC SIGNAGE MEDIUM SCALE CONNECTIVITY: FROM THE CITY TO THE RIVER

Have you ever decided to venture to walk beside the Neckar? If s o, y o u m u s t h a v e g o n e t h r o u g h infinite and long stretches w i t h o u t f i n d i n g a c h a i r, a p u b l i c b a t h r o o m o r a n y s e r v i c e, e v e n the desperation and craving that is caused by the continuous walk without knowing where the next e x i t i s, f o r m a n y u s e r s r e s u l t t o b e a n i g h t m a r e. Sometimes it is difficult to realize what is wrong in our context because we spend every day in the same place seeing t h e s a m e p r o b l e m s, s o w e g e t used to the shortage and not having enough or efficient

“Holy fence. Please do not cross”

s e r v i c e s. W h i l e o b s e r v i n g e v e r y day deterioration, Stuttgart and its citizens seem to have accepted and surrendered to the appropriation of spaces a r o u n d t h e N e c k a r, a s w e l l a s the abandonment and lack of m a i n t e n a n c e. B u t t h e r e i s a l w a y s a turning point when something m a k e s y o u t h i n k m o r e, a f a c t , a situation; just a simple message can spark the light in some m i n d s, o r e n c o u r a g e t h o s e w h o felt they were fighting alone for t h i s p u r p o s e.

Loaded with humor and sarcasm, signs were hung along the riverbanks aiming to tackle five main issues: lack of services or u r b a n f u r n i t u r e, a m o u n t o f kilometers to reach a restroom, guidance for riverbank users c o n c e r n i n g e x i s t i n g e x i t p o i n t s, barriers and borders along the riverbank and clues of which activities can be done on abandoned places or where n o t h i n g i s h a p p e n i n g n o w.

“What if?...Neckar river bath”

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E X T R A B R A N D I N G M AT E R I A L ADVERTISEMENT MATERIAL

Event promotion material

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Event promotion material


Promotional postcards of ‘river-cities’ to contrast with current situation of Stuttgart’s river

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FU L L L IS T O F W O R K S •

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“Stuttgart am Neckar” Research Project; drawing strategies for transforming Stuttgart into a river city and handling free land r e s u l t i n g f r o m t h e m o d e r n i z a t i o n o f e n e r g y i n f r a s t r u c t u r e f a c i l i t i e s a t t h e b a n k s o f t h e r i v e r N e c k a r, S t u t t g a r t – G e r m a n y. A u t h o r s : G i a n c a r l o M u n o z R a m i r e z , A n d r e s M a u r i c i o E s t r a d a B o l i v a r, S a l l y A l - E j e i l a t , J u a n S e b a s t i á n B e n í t e z B u s t a m a n t e. A p r. 2 0 1 7 – S e p. 2 0 1 7 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . c o m / c i t i z e n s c o / d o c s / s t u t t g a r t _ a m _ n e c k a r _ f i n a l _ 2 4 0 Master Thesis on “Pedestrianizing Streets in Amman, Jordan: Contextualized Criteria for Optimum Street Selection”. Author: S a l l y A l - E j e i l a t . A i n S h a m s U n i v e r s i t y. J a n . 2 0 1 8 – J u l . 2 0 1 8 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . c o m / c i t i z e n s c o / d o c s / p e d e s t r i a n i z i n g _ s t r e e t s _ i n _ amman__j Master Thesis on “Climate Change-Resilient Productive Landscapes: An Assessment of Climate Adaptation for the Community o f C e r r o N e g r o, N i c o y a , C o s t a R i c a ” . A u t h o r : G i a n c a r l o M u ñ o z R a m i r e z . A i n S h a m s U n i v e r s i t y. J a n . 2 0 1 8 – J u l . 2 0 1 8 . h t t p s : / / issuu.com/citizensco/docs/climate_change-resilient_productive M a s t e r T h e s i s o n “ S e a s o n a l C i t i e s : Te m p o r a l C h a n g e s i n t h e U r b a n M e t a b o l i s m o f A l e x a n d r i a , E g y p t ” . A u t h o r : A n d r e s M a u r i c i o E s t r a d a B o l i v a r. A i n S h a m s U n i v e r s i t y. J a n . 2 0 1 8 – J u l . 2 0 1 8 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . c o m / c i t i z e n s c o / d o c s / m a s t e r _ t h e s i s _ m a u r i c i o _ e s trada_to_p M a s t e r T h e s i s o n “ I n f o r m a l E c o n o m y a s a D r i v e r o f S o c i a l R e s i l i e n c e. C a s e S t u d y o n I n f o r m a l i n t h e P u b l i c S p a c e o f B o g o t a , C o l o m b i a ” . A u t h o r : J u a n S e b a s t i á n B e n í t e z B u s t a m a n t e. U n i v e r s i t y o f S t u t t g a r t . F e b. 2 0 1 8 – S e p. 2 0 1 8 . h t t p s : / / w w w. r e s e a r c h g a t e. n e t / p u b l i c a t i o n / 3 2 7 6 5 6 5 5 3 _ I n f o r m a l _ E c o n o m y _ i n _ t h e _ P u b l i c _ S p a c e _ a s _ a _ D r i v e r _ o f _ S o c i a l _ R e s i l i e n c e _ C a s e _ S t u d y _ o n _ I n f o r m a l _ Wo r k e r s _ i n _ t h e _ P u b l i c _ S p a c e _ o f _ B o g o t a _ C o l o m b i a “Mapping Opportunities for a Resilient Community in the Informal Settlement of El-Mala’a”; drawing strategies for waste m a n a g e m e n t a n d e s t a b l i s h i n g “A l - S h a r q C r a f t s a n d R e c y c l i n g ” N. G. O, H e l w a n – E g y p t . A u t h o r s : G i a n c a r l o M u n o z R a m i r e z , A n d r e s M a u r i c i o E s t r a d a B o l i v a r, S a l l y A l - E j e i l a t . S e p. 2 0 1 7 – F e b. 2 0 1 8 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . c o m / c i t i z e n s c o / d o c s / m a p p i n g _ o p p o rtunities_for_a_resilie “Rainwater Management in Amman” Urban Design Proposal; using flood management as a tool for resolving water scarcity in A m m a n – J o r d a n . A u t h o r s : G i a n c a r l o M u n o z R a m i r e z , S a l l y A l - E j e i l a t , S a u m i l P a t e l . S e p. 2 0 1 6 – A p r. 2 0 1 7 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . com/citizensco/docs/rainwater_management_in_amman “Mapping Opportunities for Kernerviertel” Research Project; proposing an urban farming strategy in the semi-public spaces of K e r n e r v i e r t e l n e i g h b o r h o o d , S t u t t g a r t – G e r m a n y. A u t h o r s : G i a n c a r l o M u n o z R a m i r e z , S a l l y A l - E j e i l a t , J u a n S e b a s t i á n B e n í t e z B u s t a m a n t e. S e p. 2 0 1 6 – A p r. 2 0 1 7 . h t t p s : / / i s s u u . c o m / c i t i z e n s c o / d o c s / u r b a n _ f a r m i n g _ s t r a t e g y _ i n _ k e r n e r v i e “Common Dreams” Floating Island; building a floating structure to function as as an alternative public space for artistic exhibitions and public lectures in the docklands of Ghent – Belgium. Authors: Giancarlo Munoz Ramirez, Sally Al-Ejeilat, as part o f “ M E D S ” M e e t i n g o f D e s i g n S t u d e n t s Wo r k s h o p, J u l . 2 0 1 7


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C O N TA C T citizensnco@gmail.com +49 1783011932 Germany & Jordan. citizensnco@gmail.com

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Profile for Citizens & Co.

Portfolio of Projects - Citizens & Co.  

This portfolio contains an overview of the projects in which we have been involved in the last years. Our motivation is always driven by the...

Portfolio of Projects - Citizens & Co.  

This portfolio contains an overview of the projects in which we have been involved in the last years. Our motivation is always driven by the...

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