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ACCESSING VLE You can access VLE through a web browser on any internet-connected computer. For the best result, VLE are best viewed with: I.

Google chrome


Mozilla Firefox




Internet explorer.

1. To access VLE, open a web browser and go to the VLE portal which is https://vle.unikl.edu.my. Use your Student ID and password to login.

2. Click the E-Learning link under the Links section.


1. After logging in, you should see your name at the top of the screen.

2. You will see (A) Main menu block , (B) navigation block and (C) Online user on the left side of your screen.

3. If you prefer working on a larger screen, you can dock these blocks by clicking on the all the blocks appears as tabs at the upper left corner of the screen.



4. You will see list of courses listed on the main page.


To access a course in VLE, just click on the name of the in the ‘My Courses’ list. This should take yo to the home page of the course.

Two main navigation parts of the course page 1.

The navigation bar

VLE page has a horizontal navigation bar at the top. The navigation bar tells you where you are in the course and it allows you to return to the course page (if you click the short name for the course) at any time. 2. Breadcrumb bar This is a menu which shows your position in the course. The notes below will make this clearer. Home link: Clicking on this link will take you back to the homepage of the course. Course id: This is the resource currently being viewed.


3. Course contents area This is located in the middle of the screen and consist of course sections. The first section usually has general information about the course. The remaining sections contain course resources (such as text documents, PowerPoint slides, HTML pages, images, etc.) and activities ( such as forums, quizzes, etc.).

A) Resources Meant to be perused or read without further interaction. The icon by the side of the resources title indicates what type of file it is. You simply click on the title (or icon) of a resource and , depending on the file type, it will either open directly in the web browser, in a separate browser window, or you may be given the option to download the file directly to your computer.

You will need to have the relevant software application installed on your computer to access the files. The resources in course can include: 1.

Web pages

6. Word documents.


PowerPoint slides

7. Excel spread sheets.


PDF slides

8. Image files


Sound files

9.Flash files (e.g. animations)


Video clips

10. Zipped files


B) Activities Your lecturer may include a number of activities in your course. The common VLE activities include:

Forum This is like a bulletin board that allows users to post messages and respond to each other’s contributions.

Chat Allows for real time text exchanges between users.



Can be used to list difficult terms

A group work tool that allows students to work with the lecturer or with classmates on the creation of documents, such as project reports or papers

related to the subject of a course and Choice Used for simple polls consisting of a question with multiple answers. No grade or feedback is given. Lesson This presents learning material (e.g. text, pictures or sound/video) which is linked to a question. If you answer the question correctly, you move on to the next part. If you answer incorrectly, you return to the lesson material or to a page with additional information.

Quiz On-line tests, which can consist of various questions types. Survey—a means of getting statistical feedback about the way VLE courses are received and experienced by students. Survey A means o getting statistical feedback about the way VLE courses are received and experienced by students.



Used to send assignments to your lecturer.

To view the SCORM package uploaded by your lecturer.



Once you have logged into VLE, you can access your profile from almost anywhere, by clicking on the administration tab, then My profile setting > Edit profile.


You can upload a photo or picture that represent you so that this image will appear next to your postings in the forums.

3. To add a picture click on the Edit Profile.

4. Just drag and drop the picture in the space given.

5. When you have finished making changes to your profile, click on “update profile” at the bottom of the screen. 6. This will return you to your profile summary page. You should now see the changes you have made, but if you can’t, just use the “Reload/refresh” button in your web browser.

SUBMITTING AN ASSIGNMENT You will be required to submit a number of assignments throughout a term/ semester. To ensure that you receive proper credit for your assignments, please follow all instructions given by your lecturer.

Assignment Format In order to give you credit for your assignment, your lecturer must be able to open and view it. In the case of word processed files, this USUALLY means saving in .DOCX, .DOC or .RTF format. If you are not using Words, use the Save As Command in your word processor to save in DOCX, .DOC or .RTF format. Of course, you should verify the format required by your lecturer for each course. Naming Your File To prevent possible problems, use only alphanumeric characters (letters and numbers only) when naming your files. Avoid using special characters such as # or %. VLE will replace these characters with an underscore when you upload the file. Types of assignments

To see what types of assignments are in your course, click on the assignments link in the Activities block on the left side of the course. Visible assignments will be listed and may include the following: 

Files submissions -allows you to upload one or more files and/or comments.


Online text - text that is entered directly into VLE

SUBMISSIONS PROCEDURE FOR ASSIGNMENTS 1. To open the assignment, click on the assignment title in the current module.

2.Click on the Add submission button at the bottom of the page.


Submitting Online Text:


In the “Online Text” box, enter (or copy and paste) your answer or other text.


Click on Save Changes to submit.

B. Submitting a File: 1. In the “File Submissions” box, click Add.

2. Then choose Upload a file. 3. Click browse. Navigate to your file and double click on it. 4. Click on upload this file.

5. You can also use drag and drop features to add to your files. 6. Click on Save Changes to submit.

ONLINE TESTS AND QUIZZES Follow these recommendations when taking a test or quiz in VLE: 

Plan your test taking in VLE carefully. Note the closing date and time as well as the time limit for the quiz. The test will automatically close at which ever time comes first, even if you have not reached the other time limit. For example, if you have a test that closes at 10pm, the test WILL CLOSE AND KICK YOU OUT AT 10pm regardless of how much time you have left to complete the test.


The speed of your computer as well as your connection will determine how quickly the test is displayed and answers are saved/ or submitted. If taking timed test, be sure to save and submit before the time runs out.


Taking tests and quizzes.

1. Click on the quiz title in the current module. Quizzes are identified by a clipboard with a red checkmark.

2. Click on the Attempt quiz now button and then Start Attempt to confirm that you want to start the quiz.


3. Note any special instructions, including the time limit (if applicable).

4. Select or enter the best answer to the questions. NOTE: Your lecturer can set the quiz to display all questions on one page or to display them one time. If the questions appear one at a time, use the Next button (or click on a page number ) to move from question to question.

5. If you are not sure of the answer, you can flag the question first and come back to the question later. Click the flag question icon if you would like to flag a question. Once you flag a question, the question will be marked with a red indicator.

ONLINE TESTS AND QUIZZES 4. You can go back to the questions you have flagged and review them from the “Summary of Attempt� page after the last question but before submitting the quiz.

7. When you have attempted all the questions, click on submit all and finish to confirm your submission.

Checking Your Grade 1. To view your grades, click on the Grades link in the administration block on the left side of the course.

2. Clicking on Grades will bring you to your gradebook.

If your lecturer has chosen online assessment and has made the marks available to you, you would be able to view your grades and percentage in your gradebook.

COMMUNICATION IN VLE There are two main types of communication in VLE: Forums and Messages. Messages posted to forums may be sent to course participants via email, depending on how the forum has been set up. If you receive an email message from a forum, you will see that the short name of the course is shown at the beginning of the email subject line, e.g. PSYC0103, this is you can identify which course/forum the message has come from. If you click on the Reply link at the bottom of the message, you will be prompted to log into VLE and taken to the reply section of the forum. A.


Forums enable all course participants to communicate with each other. Any forum in which you can post messages also allows you to attach files to the message. There is no limit to the number of forums which can be in a course. Students enrolled on a VLE course can be divided into groups. For example, accordingly to tutorial group. This enables forum postings to be targeted to a specific group.


Understanding Forum 1. When you enter a forum, you will see a list of discussions topics. To start a new discussion, click on “Add a new topic�. Each message will have a subject heading so that the reader will know what the discussion is about. Clicking on a subject heading will open the original message where you can view the message and any replies (replies to a message are known as a thread).

2. The front page of a forum also gives details on the name of the person who started the discussion, the number of replies and the date on the last posting. This is useful when checking to see if there are new messages. 3. When you view a message, you will see the replies. You can click on the dropdown menu at the top of the screen to determine the order in which you would like to view the thread. 4. To add your own reply to a thread, click on the reply link at the bottom of the message you are replying to.

Dropdown menu.



5. This will open the HTML editor, Type your reply to the message.


Post to forum

6. If you want to attach a file to your message, there is an option at the bottom of the page. You can also select whether you want replies emailed to you.

7. When you have finished, click on Post to forum. You will then see a message informing you that you have 30 seconds before it is posted to the forum and emailed to everyone who subscribed to the forum.


8. HTML Editor Toolbar

Collapsed view

Expanded View Some of the icons are similar to those found in most word processing programs. However if you are not familiar with any icons you can always roll over the icon and the description of the icon will pop up.

9. Replying to forum messages received via email When you receive a forum message via email, it will contain the text of the message and any attachments. The example below Is a message from a course called MD 101. The various elements of the message are explained below.


Note: Your email software may not display your messages exactly the same as the one below. Your email account or operating system may want to block some content of the message. This can happen if the message contains a picture or an attachment. Clicking on the security link will unblock the content.

If you click on the Reply link at the bottom of the message, your web browser window will open and you will have to log into VLE. This will then take you to the forum from which the original message was posted.

Show parent - this will display the parent message to which this reply relates. Reply – this will open the message you are viewing with a reply box below the message, where you can post your reply to this message. See this post in context — will display the whole thread of message relating to this topic It is important to remember that when replying to forum message you should use the reply link at the bottom of the message. This will take you to the original message in VLE from where you can post a reply. Do not use the normal reply button in your email software on the toolbar as this will send you reply to the personal email address of the person who posted the message, which means that your reply will not appear in the forum.

COMMUNICATION IN VLE B. MESSAGING IN VLE You can send a message to another person who is online within your course. This is carried out by clicking on an icon under the Online Users block.

1. Clicking on an icon adjacent to someone’s name will open up his or her message dialogue box. This is similar to instant messaging. You will not see an envelope next to your name as you cannot send yourself a message . If the person you send a message to goes offline, they will see it waiting the next time they login to VLE. It will also be emailed to them.


2. This is an example of a message. If the user is online, the message dialogue box will pop up on his screen (if you have a pop-up blocker running, this may not happen). If the user is offline, the message will be sent to his email address (if he has enabled this option in his message preferences). The message dialogue box can be displayed using JavaScript or without JavaScript (see message preferences below on how to set this.)

3. Other than that, the next time the user logs in, he will also see the message waiting for him in the My Menu box on the VLE front page. Beside the My Messenger Link, the number of messages will be displayed. Clicking on the My Messenger link will open the message dialogue box.

COMMUNICATION IN VLE 4. The messages dialogue box shows who the messages are from on how many messages there are.

5. Clicking on the contact pic/name will display message. 6. Clicking on the icons next to the name will perform the following: Add contact Block contact Message contact

7. The message history holds a record of all of the messages you have sent and received from that individual. Sending a message using participants 1.You can also send a message to another student by clicking on Participants block or in the a. Navigation bar, b. Course id> d. Participants. You will get a listing of students enrolled in the course.



2. Click on the name of the student to view their profile. B C

2 D

3.At the bottom of the profile page, click on Send Message.


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