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The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation Institute of Architecture and Technology


Contents

CITAstudio / Page 2 – 3


Introductions page 4 / Acknowledgements page 10 / Aggregations page 14 / disContinuities page 38 / Interrogations page 60 / Dissipative Architectures page 84 / Reciprocities page 102 / scalarHierachies page 122 / Temporalities page 138 / Credits 168


I

Introduc


tions


A Changing Practice…

Over the last 30 years the introduction of digital design tools has exerted a profound impact on architectural design practice, fundamentally changing the ways in which the built environment is designed, communicated and realised. Today, architecture is almost entirely produced using digital tools. The development of programmed information models has created a new generation of dynamic representations in which complex environmental and material simulations, structural analyses and fabrication data can be directly interfaced with the architectural design space. In these models the act of drawing has become entangled with the ability to calculate. Creating a new site between tool and representation, architects are given a new opportunity to design for, and with, a higher degree of complexity. By devising new environmental, material and structural solutions we can radically challenge the way we design our built surroundings.

It is this context and potential which ‘CITA Studio: Computation in Architecture’ investigates. Our ambition is to understand Information Technology as a fundamental shift in architecture’s representational and conceptual traditions. In architecture our representations; drawings and models are not only systems of notation but also speculative sites of design investigation and discovery. As our representations develop, the possibility for architectural expression changes - not only with respect to its formal or structural thinking but also with respect to its spatial, social and experiential potential.

CITAstudio: Computation in Architecture CITAstudio provides a Masters level architectural design programme that places special focus on examining architectural issues

through critically situating computation and digital technologies in the processes of thinking, forming and producing architecture. The programme fosters a dynamic, creative, experimental and rich intellectual environment supported through direct contact with the research centre CITA (Centre for Information Technology and Architecture). The CITAstudio programme equips students with core knowledge and understandings for addressing site, complex building programme and related architectural issues through computational design methods. Our goal is to provide a creative framework for the active and critical thinking of the spatial, theoretical and technological consequences of digital design practice. We encourage students towards their own critical reflections on how these tools are used, how they are developed and how they interface with the knowledge fields of other disciplines.


Relation to Research The changes to the profession and practice outlined above are also eroding many of the traditional boundaries of the profession, altering its scope, values and mixing disciplinary demarcations – all of which drives a need for the conceptualisation and invention of alternatives to traditional practice. A principle location for such alternatives to be investigated is within research. CITA is a research body with an international presence that is investigating the implications and potentials of digital technologies in Architecture. Over the last ten years it has established itself as a leading international research environment, disseminating its work through numerous exhibitions, publications, conference presentations and scholarly papers. The study programme continuously develops insight into key concepts of research, providing students with the conceptual tools

to understand and develop their own research practice. Students are placed into direct contact with the expertise of CITA’s research environment and extensive international network of collaborators and industrial partners. The teaching focus is tightly linked to CITA’s core research practice, which is established upon the internationally recognised Research-by-Design methodology. Through ongoing interaction with and tracking of CITA research projects, students are introduced to core aspects of this methodology, through which they develop the critical capacities, advanced skills and new creative frameworks relevant to a contemporary practice that is in a state of continual transformation. In 2015, CITAstudio has extended its engagement with research practice by further developing three themes: collaborations with academic research groups (both internal and external), collaborations with research groups embedded within architectural practices,

and the making of research with practice and industrial partners. CITAstudio students have attended the Design Modeling Symposium 2015, drawing insight, inspiration and networks from state of the art academic and practicebased modeling and simulation approaches. CITAstudio has hosted workshops with external research groups including Bau Kunst Erfinden (Universität Kassel) examining force based strategies for material organisation within thin concrete shells, as well as with Philip Beesley and Living Systems Architecture Group (University of Waterloo) implementing emerging technologies for responsive architectures. Through the Velux Guest Professorship programme, Billie Faircloth -leader of the transdisciplinary research group at Kieran Timberlake Architects – is currently leading a series of workshops into the multiscale design and registration of thermodynamic systems. The semester culminates in a permanent built work, a research pavilion undertaken with Søren Jenson engineers and EHLERT GmbH steel fabricators.


Structure and Content of the Course

throughout design, and across scales. By interrogating the notion of material energies at different scales, through design, simulation and empirical testing, projects have developed The CITAstudio masters programme is specific contexts, refined understandings and organised across 2 years (4 semesters), and is based around project-based experimentation and explore architectural implications. In the Spring semester students are inquiry in order to stimulate and sharpen creative given the freedom to unpack and explore their and critical abilities. Year 1 and 2 run in parallel to encourage mutual exchange and peer support programme of study through a personally directed project. While these explorations take through the experiences, knowledge and skills developed by each student. The 2014-15 Autumn point of departure in, and motivation from, the year’s thematic and the skills, tools and personal semester thematic is Material Energies. The interests developed in the previous semester(s), studio has explored and developed expanded the opportunity is to focus more fully on models for thinking about associations between identifying and pursuing personal agendas and material and energy within architecture. This methods of study within the field. book documents some of those explorations. At present, energies such as thermal variation, air velocity, and magnetic fields remain a largely Resources untapped source of innovation and inspiration for architects. We have sought to go beyond The CITAstudio programme provides standardisations, and to use material energies students with resources that complement the as a formative and transformative process concerns of the programme. Courses such as

Design-led Coding, which run over the two years, introduce a fundamental basis of programming theory, concepts and techniques in both abstract and applied contexts. Students move through basic to advanced knowledge of python coding and parametric modeling, developing skills in problem decomposition, awareness of suitable computational models, and investigate the productive application of programming to aspects of speculation, making, representational practice and design. Operational knowledge of digital fabrication machinery is provided continuously, as these techniques offer a key means to readdress the way we understand, use and make systems and materials. CITAstudio’s fabrication resources include a robot laboratory, as well as 3D printing, laser cutting and milling facilities.


Internal academic research

External academic research

Bau Kunst Erfinden

CITA Emanuele Naboni

External practice-based research

Billie Faircloth - Keiran Timberlake Architects

Living Systems Architecture Group

Philip Beesley

External practice

Søren Jensen Engineers EHLERT GmbH steel fabricators

Daniel Lee Design Modeling Symposium (DMS 2015)

Activities

workshop: heterogenous printed materials

workshop: magnetic structuring of thin shells

workshops: thermodynamic design of materials, surfaces & spaces

crit presentations tracking CITA research projects

workshop & seminar: machine learning

workshop: dissapative architectures

project: built demonstrator

workshops: DMS 2015

External dissemination

Internal dissemination

built prototypes

guest professorship: multiscale thermodynamic systems

portfolio

public exhibitions paper and journal articles

permanent built work book publication


CITAstudio / Page 12 – 13


Acknowledgements

Student Workshop leader Guest professor Teaching team Sofia Adolfsson, Jon Andersen, Miguel Ruiz-Rivas Avendaño, Phil Ayres, Lina Baciuskaite, Tore Banke, Philip Beesley, Giselle Bouron, Corneel Cannearts, Joao Paulo Carrascoza, Terry Chun Yin Chan, Brian Cheung, Alice Choupeaux, Lisbet Fritze Christensen, Jens Jacob Jul Christensen, Anders Holden Deleuran, Oskar Edström, Bau Kunst Erfinden, Jonas Ersson, Marie Houmann Erstad, Henrik Leander Evers, Billie Faircloth, Sebastian Gatz, Christoph Gengnagel, Hollie Gibbons, Ana Goidea, Anders P Hansson, Magdalena Haslinger, Ivan Heitmann, Vibber Hermansen, Che Ying Huen, Isabel Huszar, Zeliha Asya Ilgün, Anders Ingvartsen, Mads Johnsen, Hulda Jonsdottir, Ricardo Landulpho Justi, Jens Ulrik Jørgensen, Dongil Kim, Tadeas Klaban, Inès Klausberger, Thorsten Klooster, Rafael Kölmel, Olga Krukovskaya, Katre Laura, Scott Leinweber, Mathias Lindskog, Chen-Chi Lo, Daniel Sang-Hoon Lee, Henrik Litske, Timothy Lyons, Janusz Maczewski, Henrik Malm, Francesco Matteo Marchese, Lars Tingskov Mikkelsen, Jonas Weis Mortensen, Nicholas Mostovac, Emanuele Naboni, Darius Narmontas, Julien Nembrini, Paul Nicholas, Jesper Nislev, Johan Lund Pedersen, Gina Perier, Teodor Petrov, Lyn Seung Poon, John Reynders, Annika Nora Richmond, Jacob Riiber, SCANLAB, Claudia Schmidt, Mandeep Singh, Julie Cathrine Sonne, David Stasiuk, Martin Tamke, Ida Friis Thinning, Anders Boel Tversted, Jesper Wallgren, Yasemin Yilmaz Yilmaz, Kristjana Ósk Sigurdardottir, Eduardo De Francisco Del Saz, SuperformLab, Cecilie Schjetlein Sundt, Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen, Torben Valerius, Adam Vukmanov, Thyge Dahlgaard Wahrens, Ryan Welch, Mark West, Lukasz Wlodarczyk, Karoline Wæringsaasen, Wenyu Wu, Zeynab Zaghi, Mateusz Zwierzycki


How to read this publication

CITAstudio / Page 14 – 15

Resources demonstrate fundamental concepts that are introduced via coursework for the purpose of possible translation into experiments


Experiments draw upon resources. Experiments are design explorations, here collected into seven thematics, that are conducted either as group or individual work. Experiments include prototypes, speculative representations, simulations and built demonstrators


II

Aggrega CITAstudio / Page 16 – 17


tions


Resources

Experiments

Design Led Coding: growth algorithms. Olga Krukovskaya

Aggregations are exploratory modular systems made from discrete elements. Digital techniques offer a means to extend the way we understand, design, use and make these systems. The introduction of precision and controlled variability through digital design and fabrication challenges any assumption of an average or repeated condition by supporting the modulation of components within an aggregation to steer local and global behaviours. CITAstudio / Page 18 – 19

The complexities arising from module variation and assembly methods are explored in both rigid and indeterminate, non-stationary systems. This introduces a parallel concern of structural properties and performance, which are investigated alongside spatial and architectural interests. Aggregation strategies can be aligned to a variety of digital design methods. For example, parametric and scripted tools allow the exploration of nested and recursive structures; rigid-body simulation permits the study of indeterminate assemblies that are ‘poured’ and settle by gravity; physical structures explore questions of tectonic and junction and lead to an appreciation of the architectural qualities that can arise from aggregated systems.


Adaptive Aggregations: prototyping inflatable aggregating elements.


Robot command and control using HAL

CITAstudio / Page 20 – 21 Opposite page Incremental robotic forming of clay


Design Led Coding: fractals. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 22 – 23


Simulating Rigid Body Aggregations. Workshop with Corneel Cannearts.


Design Led Coding: Cellular Automata. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 24 – 25


Aggregating multi-scale components using nested packing geometries. Lisbet Fritze Christensen, Mattias Lindskog, Henrik Malm, Anders Tversted, Yasemin Yilmaz


Design Led Coding: Cellular Automata. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 26 – 27


Testing the implications of module variation on the flexibility of an aggregate. Lisbet Fritze Christensen, Mattias Lindskog, Henrik Malm, Anders Tversted, Yasemin Yilmaz


Design Led Coding: Cellular Automata. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 28 – 29


Time-based aggregations testing interaction with underlying objects.


Workshop: Corrugated lightweight structural skins.

CITAstudio / Page 30 – 31


Aggregating patterns of rigid bodies


Design Led Coding: physics-based simulation. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 32 – 33


Pre-calibrated illumination effects are achieved through the designed distribution of transparent surfaces. Lisbet Fritze Christensen, Mattias Lindskog, Henrik Malm, Anders Tversted, Yasemin Yilmaz


Design Led Coding: Fractals. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 34 – 35 Modular graded spatial structure. Sebastian Gatz


Exhibition: Adaptive Aggregations. A restless shelter for R책bjerg Mile.


Design Led Coding: populations. Inès Klausberger

CITAstudio / Page 36 – 37

Image credit: Anders Ingvartsen


Image credit: Anders Ingvartsen


Design Led Coding: Force-based simulation. Jesper Nislev

CITAstudio / Page 38 – 39


The point cloud as site for ongoing design speculation. Adaptive Aggregations workshop with ScanLab.


III

disConti CITAstudio / Page 40 – 41


nuities


Resources

Experiments

CITA Robot Lab

disContinuities describe experiments that seek out opportunities for steering towards specificity and heterogeneity by means of design interventions that operate across scales and system boundaries.

CITAstudio / Page 42 – 43

Directed towards both material and immaterial systems, these experiments are critically aware that geometry is often not representative of the boundaries under consideration, nor is geometry able to capture the dynamics of temporally sensitive conditions. This demands appropriate methods of registration, representation and interpretation as a precursor to developing attitudes towards intervention and steering. Methods of registration supporting these interests include thermal and electrical sensing of designed graded materials, data gathering from sensing arrays at urban scale and physical simulation of dynamic systems. These registrations feed into experiments aimed towards making other kinds of boundary observable, malleable and controllable. These experiments cultivate territories beyond notions of efficiency and optimisation and include the use of magnetic fields to spatially distribute material constituents and open up possibilities for anisotropy, functionalisation and tailored thermal and electrical conductivity. Through the highly specified control of toolpaths, further experiments steer continuous material depositions as a means to create graded structures that aim towards modulation and participation within dynamic environments.


Tracking graded thermal conductivity over time. Jens jacob jul christensen, Darius Narmontas, Lina Baciuskaite, Teodor Petrov

Steered conductivity within thin concrete shells. Workshop with Bau Kunst Erfinden. Ana Goidea, Alice Choupeaux, Johan Lund Pedersen


Design Led Coding: surface-adaptive instantiation. Lyn Poon

CITAstudio / Page 44 – 45


Conductive iron rich concretes. Workshop with Bau Kunst Erfinden. Ana Goidea, Alice Choupeaux, Johan Lund Pedersen


Design Led Coding: information-based surface mappings. Lyn Poon

CITAstudio / Page 46 – 47 Opposite page Robotically moulded concrete. Using sandcasting as a remouldable material. Rafael KÜlmel


Flexible full scale mould for a thin-shelled vault. Workshop with Mark West

CITAstudio / Page 48 – 49 Robotically moulded concrete. Rafael Kölmel


Fieldtrip: Junkers Factory, Dessau

24.5 23.5 22.5 21.5 20.5 19.5 18.5 17.5 16.5 15.5 14.5 13.5 12.5 11.5 10.5

10/05/2015 17:00

10/05/2015 13:00

10/05/2015 09:00

10/05/2015 01:00

CITAstudio / Page 50 – 51

10/04/2015 21:00

8.5

10/05/2015 05:00

9.5

0.6 m 0.3 m + _ 0.0 m - 0.05 m

Ivy

A B3 B2

Stone tiles

B1

B B3

C B2

Sand

C3

B1

D

C2 C1

Grass

D3

HDF

2.0 m

E

D2 D1

E3

1.6 m E1

1.9 m

1.9 m

Identifying and registering microclimates. Workshop with Billie Faircloth.


20

rs

yea

300

10

s

ter

me

rs

yea

rs

ete

m 150 s

ear

5y

s

ear

1y

Slow moving sand

Fast moving sand

0

Projecting landscape at R책bjerg Mile. Ida Friis Thinning

5years

30 years

0

15m

75m


Opposite page

Design Led Coding: anamorphic projection. Giselle Bouron

Physical simulations register the interaction of a moving architecture upon a moving landscape. Ida Friis Thinning

CITAstudio / Page 52 – 53

Fieldtrip: Junkers Factory, Dessau


EROSION along edge

SHELTERED by the curve

ACCUMULATION

BAG/EDGE

SLOBE


Opposite page

Geometry/flow interactions: simulation studies. Lina Baciuskaite, Ana Goidea, Magdalena Haslinger, Nicholas Mostovac

Marking the landscape: traces of a moving architecture. Ida Friis Thinning

CITAstudio / Page 54 – 55 Materially graded sail. Ida Friis Thinning


Performance-based evolutionary design strategies. Ida Friis Thinning

CITAstudio / Page 56 – 57


Synthetic 3D printed weaves: gravitational and toolpathing studies. Zeliha Asya Ilg端n


Design Led Coding: conic orientations. Terry Chun Yin Chan

CITAstudio / Page 58 – 59


Synthetic 3D printed weaves: variation of fabrication parameters as a means for differentiation. Zeliha Asya Ilg端n


CITAstudio / Page 60 – 61


Spatial studies of locally differentiated disruptive elements for a unified space-frame field. Jonas Ersson


IV

Interrog CITAstudio / Page 62 – 63


ations


Resources

Experiments

Performance-based evolutionary design strategies. Ida Friis Thinning

Interrogations explore physical and databased operations that produce experimental transforms, reconstructions and manipulations, in ways that introduce new spatial and dynamic narratives.

CITAstudio / Page 64 – 65

Digital modelling tools can be used to extract and encode measured material behaviour, allowing deformation to be studied, varied and specified as part of the design process. State of the art 3D laser scanning and data processing offers the ability to capture large scale environments with millimetre accuracy. The ability to search these digital resources opens up new possibilities for combinatoric operations, more informed resource use, and the specification of material, light and acoustic performance.

Opposite page Floating Space: exploratory surface studies in etched brass. Jonas Ersson


Simulation of fabric behaviours and mesh parameterisation. Olga Krukovskaya

CITAstudio / Page 66 – 67


Subtractive grading of timber to control bending in and out of plane. Miguel Ruiz-Rivas Avenda単o


Simulation of fabric behaviours and mesh parameterisation. Olga Krukovskaya

CITAstudio / Page 68 – 69 Graded flexibility in timber: registering bending radius and behaviour. Miguel Ruiz-Rivas Avendaùo


Simulation of fabric behaviours and mesh parameterisation. Olga Krukovskaya

CITAstudio / Page 70 – 71


LIDAR scanning as a basis for long-term resource maintenance and design resource. Anders Per-Kristian Hansson


Fieldtrip: Ferropolis.

CITAstudio / Page 72 – 73 Opposite page Automated shape recognition of resources from 3D point cloud. Anders Per-Kristian Hansson.


Design Led Coding: Recursion. Wenyu Wu

Identification of desired timber vectors and geometries from 3D point cloud. Anders Per-Kristian Hansson.

CITAstudio / Page 74 – 75


Calibrating robotic programming for the manipulation of soft materials

CITAstudio / Page 76 – 7 7 CNC hot wire cutting: studies in channeling light. Mathias Lindskog


Design Led Coding: surface populations. Inès Klausberger

CITAstudio / Page 78 – 79


Light channeling column: details and fabrication logic for extending beyond the rule surface method. Mathias Lindskog

LIGHT SLITZ

WATER CHANNEL

LIGHT CHANNEL


Design Led Coding: surface populations. Inès Klausberger

CITAstudio / Page 80 – 81 Themal [Mass] Customisation: designing the thermal characteristics of an urban public space. Site plan, showing thermal gradients. Lyn Poon


Digital draping: form-finding vaulted structures. Mathias Lindskog


Codiing logics for space-frames and panelisation. Jonas Ersson

CITAstudio / Page 82 – 83


Free fabrication facility for Wolfsburg: plans and section. Ana Goidea, Anders Per Kristian Hansson, Janusz Maczewski, Wenyu Wu


CITAstudio / Page 84 – 85


V

CITAstudio / Page 86 – 87

Dissipat Architec


ive tures


Resources

Experiments

CITAstudio / Page 88 – 89

Led by Philip Beesley, this research workshop implements emerging technologies for responsive architecture. Capable of sensing, actuation and learning, emerging technologies make it possible to rethink architecture not as something static, but rather as entities and environments able to respond and adapt to changing conditions, and capable of mutual exchange with their occupants. This shift poses new considerations and opportunities for architectural design - how can these ‘living’ systems function, and how can they be designed and adapted within architecture? The research workshop develops an installation that includes LED lighting, infra-red sensors, acoustic and physical actuators and shape-memory alloys. It pursues three lines of exploration: the aggregation and distribution of kinetic mechanisms and assemblies into interactive networks; the clarification of new possibilities for acoustic response, which emerge from a temporal sampling of the environment; and the use of machine learning algorithms – specifically Curiosity Based Learning Algorithms – to allow for constantly evolving responses to occupants exploring the environment.


CITAstudio / Page 90 – 91 Kinetic frond with LED, elevation


Design Led Coding: cellular automata. Anders Per-Kristian Hansson

CITAstudio / Page 92 – 93


Kinetic frond, axonometric


Design Led Coding: branching. Anders Per-Kristian Hansson

CITAstudio / Page 94 – 95 Nesting for CNC fabrication


CITAstudio / Page 96 – 97


Installation configuration and rigging


Progression of a machine learning algorithm. Workshop with Mateusz Zwierzycki. Ana Goidea

CITAstudio / Page 98 – 99 Image credit: Anders Ingvartsen


Progression of a machine learning algorithm. Workshop with Mateusz Zwierzycki. Ana Goidea

CITAstudio / Page 100 – 101 Image credit: Anders Ingvartsen


Progression of a machine learning algorithm. Workshop with Mateusz Zwierzycki. Ana Goidea

CITAstudio / Page 102 – 103


Image credits: Anders Ingvartsen


VI

Reciproc CITAstudio / Page 104 – 105


cities


Resources

Experiments

Robotic programming and simulation using HAL

Reciprocities explore how productive interdependencies between material, fabrication process and environment can be sites for design. These experiments develop strategies that distribute the location of design parameters and behavioural intelligence across these boundaries. They investigate how the precision of robotics can provide new means to engage with impreciseG materials, and how control mechanisms for \\ CLAY ROCKIT form or movement might be placed into either environments or material ecosystems.

IP2 \ ROBOT AND TOOL \ MAKING AN ARTEFACT \ \ CLAY ROCK.IT

\\ CALIBRATING THE PRESSURE \TesT 02

conTAining The clAy

CITAstudio / Page 106 – 107

P RessuRe : 1 bAR no P lAsTic bAg

rouP

\ GiseLLe Bouron \ JoAo PAuLo CArrAsCozA \ Wenyu Wu

6mm holes attachment to robot

160MM

Gripper

70MM DIM steel cylinder

Converter for air compressor attachment 210MM

Container Barrel

30MM

Pusher

Nuts welded onto ‘L’ brackets for securing changeable profiles Screw to guide pusher to and act as stopper

Changeable profile designs

6MM bolts to attach profile

Profile


Robotic clay extrusion: mapping results from variable nozzel configurations. Lyn Poon, Zeliha Asya Ilg端n


Digital fabrication direct from physics-based form-finding.

CITAstudio / Page 108 – 109


Simulating resistance and behaviour of clay under force. Chen-Chi Lo, Eduardo De Francisco Del Saz, John Reynders, Miguel Ruiz-Rivas Avenda単o.


CITAstudio / Page 110 – 111


Simulating resistance and behaviour of clay under force. Chen-Chi Lo, Eduardo De Francisco Del Saz, John Reynders, Miguel Ruiz-Rivas Avenda単o


Drone-based 3D scanning and point cloud registration

CITAstudio / Page 112 – 113 Displaced environmental intelligence for real-time control: Jonas Ersson


Adaptable responsive component: study of membrane restrained, bending active deflection under loading. Ida Friis Thinning, Inès Klausberger, Tadeas Klaban


Flexible digital moulds for complex, thin-shelled vaults. Workshop with Mark West

CITAstudio / Page 114 – 115


Adaptable responsive component: Built prototypes. Ida Friis Thinning, Inès Klausberger, Tadeas Klaban.


Design Led Coding: 3D cellular automata. Lukasz Wlodarczyk

CITAstudio / Page 116 – 117


Reciprocal behaviours: form-finding of tensile and space-frame hybrids. Jonas Ersson


Recursion mapped onto a complex surface. Jonas Ersson

CITAstudio / Page 118 – 119 Opposite page Refractive geometries: lens studies. Jonas Ersson


Adaptable responsive component: simulation of actuation. Ida Friis Thinning, Inès Klausberger, Tadeas Klaban

CITAstudio / Page 120 – 121 Opposite page Soft Envelope: animating supple architectural surfaces. Olga Krukovskaya


Soft Envelope: animating supple architectural surfaces for a site on the west coast of Jylland. Olga Krukovskaya

Steering thermal microclimates: simulation studies. Lina Baciuskaite, Ana Goidea, Magdalena Haslinger, Nicholas Mostovac.

CITAstudio / Page 122 – 123


VII

scalarHi CITAstudio / Page 124 – 125


erachies


Resources

Experiments scalarHierachies collects digital and physical experimental approaches to the programming of a substrate so as to activate desired behaviours at larger scales of material, element or building.

CITAstudio / Page 126 – 127

Digital tools provide new opportunities to explore specification at a small scale and to extrapolate specific ranges of behaviour at a larger scale. Materials with programmed porosity, found through the use of simulation and search algorithms, can be designed to exhibit desired deformations or resistances under loading. Localised control of positioning can be linked to global refractive effects, while the designed aggregation of units determines degrees of freedom for physical and digital form finding processes.


Robotic Clay: recursive, nested impressions. Magdalena Haslinger, Rafael Kรถlmel, Miguel Ruiz-Rivas, Wenyu Wu


Flexible moulds for thin-shelled vaults and complex wall geometries in masonry. Workshop with Mark West

Unit topologies and physical behaviours.

CITAstudio / Page 128 – 129 Opposite page Cellular Automata as means for material grading. Jens Jacob Jul Christensen


Design Led Coding: branching algorithms. Eduardo de Francisco del Saz

CITAstudio / Page 130 – 131 Opposite page Refraction studies. Sofia C. Adolfsson, Oskar A .S. Edström, Margarita Isabel Huszár, Jonas Ersson, Jesper Wallgren, Ida Friis Tinning


Design Led Coding: branching algorithms. Eduardo de Francisco del Saz

CITAstudio / Page 132 – 133 Physics-based form-finding for materially graded vaulting structures. Jens Jacob Jul Christensen


Structurally informed material design through evolutionary optimisation


Design Led Coding: branching algorithms. Eduardo de Francisco del Saz

CITAstudio / Page 134 – 135


Opposite page Nesting studies: synclastic and anticlastic forming. Sofia C. Adolfsson, Oskar A .S. Edstrรถm, Margarita Isabel Huszรกr, Jonas Ersson, Jesper Wallgren, Ida Friis Tinning


Design Led Coding: surface populations. Magdalena Haslinger

CITAstudio / Page 136 – 137 Cascading Luminescence: tensile formfinding of pathways. Sofia C. Adolfsson, Oskar A .S. Edström, Margarita Isabel Huszár, Jonas Ersson, Jesper Wallgren, Ida Friis Tinning


Design Led Coding: surface populations. Magdalena Haslinger

CITAstudio / Page 138 – 139

Image credits: Anders Ingvartsen


Cascading Luminescence: installation. Sofia C. Adolfsson, Oskar A .S. Edstrรถm, Margarita Isabel Huszรกr, Jonas Ersson, Jesper Wallgren, Ida Friis Tinning

Image credits: Anders Ingvartsen


VIII

Tempora CITAstudio / Page 140 – 141


alities


Resources

Experiments

Design Led Coding: adaptive surface instantiation

Investigating the possibilities of an architecture that incorporates time as a fundamental forming element, these experiments look to the productive engagement of temporalities associated with material behaviour, thermal conductivity and biological growth processes.

CITAstudio / Page 142 – 143

Simulation provides a means for design to escape the static and engage with dynamic, temporal requirements. The experiments collected here speculate about seasonal accommodations designed through an intimate knowledge of bending behaviour, as well as structural skins programmed to optimally diffuse daylight for Nordic environments. Temporal simulation allows them to also probe the limits of what we make architecture with, by predicting the growth processes of urban façade farming, and the processes of thermal energy transfer by which multi-material structures can condition public spaces.


Tracking continuous change of natural aggregrates at multiple scales.

Multiscale mesh refinement. Giselle Bouron


LIDAR registration and point cloud analysis tools

CITAstudio / Page 144 – 145


Form-finding of bending active structures using physics-based simulation. Lukasz Wlodarczyk


Coding thermal conductivity tools

CITAstudio / Page 146 – 147

Simulating thermal conductivity through bi-material spatial units. Lyn Poon


0.3 m

Metal internal pipes Epidermis

Dissipation/Absorption - Lower surface area

Concrete mass

External heat source 1.5 m

Tertiary paths Secondary paths

Dissipation/Absorption - Greater surface area

1 hrs 2 hrs 3 hrs

Primary paths

Internal heat source 3 hours


Coding thermal conductivity tools

CITAstudio / Page 148 – 149


Prototyping convective surfaces: studies in surface modulation. Lyn Poon


Cloth simulation: predicting pressed surfaces

CITAstudio / Page 150 – 151 Prototyping fabrication: complex porous geometry to be filled through additive metal casting. Lyn Poon


Cloth simulation: predicting pressed surfaces

CITAstudio / Page 152 – 153 Adaptive systems for temporary inhabitation. Lukasz Wlodarczyk


CITAstudio / Page 154 – 155 Adaption based on local climatic and topographic specificities. Lukasz Wlodarczyk


Adaptable public inflatable structure responding to solar conditions. Eduardo De Francisco Del Saz


Design Led Coding: anamorphic projection. Tadeas Klaban

CITAstudio / Page 156 – 157


Raytracing studies of spacer geometries to specify the transmission of diffuse light through a stuctural shell. Hulda Jonsdottir

100%

100%

100%

100%

70% 45%

45%

22%


Design Led Coding: surface-based mapping. Lyn Poon

CITAstudio / Page 158 – 159


Simulation of tensile fabric behaviour using dynamic relaxation. Lukasz Wlodarczyk


CITAstudio / Page 160 – 161


Testing the implications of variable seed distribution and growth direction. Magdalena Haslinger


Generative thermal manipulation using Cellular Automata. Johan Lund Pedersen, Jonas Weis Mortensen

CITAstudio / Page 162 – 163 Inflation as means to adaptively regulate interior an microclimate. Lukasz Wlodarczyk


Workshop: Arduino and electronics

CITAstudio / Page 164 – 165


Growing guided and dynamic green boundaries. Magdalena Haslinger

Opposite page Abstracted growth logics are the basis for a generative design process. Magdalena Haslinger


CITAstudio / Page 166 – 167


Credits

Print

Editor

Text

CITAstudio / Page 168 – 168

Paul Nicholas Phil Ayres Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen Martin Tamke

Clausen Grafisk Copies 500 Paper Munken Lynx 150g Gallerie Art Silk 300g

Paul Nicholas Phil Ayres Design

Isbn 978-87-7830-381-3

NR2154 Layout

Daniel Siim

© 2016 Published by The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation Institute of Architecture and Technology IBT Philip de Langes Allé 10 DK-1435 Copenhagen K Denmark +45 41701515


ISBN 978-87-7830-381-3

ISBN 978-87-7830-381-3

The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation Institute of Architecture and Technology

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CITAstudio: Computation in Architecture is a two year International Master’s Programme at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture. With a focus on digital design and material fabrication the programme questions how computation is changing our spatial, representational and material cultures. Through hands-on experimentation and production the programme emphasises learningthrough-doing as a principle method for exploring computation as a means to pursue speculative design, experimental fabrication, material actuation and complex modelling.


CITAstudio 2015 yearbook