IJB Thinks #24 - Generations

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Blame it on the youth! Editor's note

Looking forward: making the best out of the Millennial generation Ale Pfund

Generations in 280 characters Flora Gurgel and Luísa Perdigão

A mixtape of generations Pipa Raimundo

Hope for the New Kids on the Block Mark Rhodes

Talkin' 'bout my (the) generation(s) Paula Hernández Quijano

Three Years of Reaching: Why Commentary and Debate Beyond Formal Organizational Channels is Good Anjo Peez Zvetiva, Jess Wanless and Marvin Vertein

5 Child-Focused Movies to Screen this Camp Season Natasha Clarita

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Is Speaking Generational? Tita Couto

The paradigm of Anxiety Pedro Nordskog

Time Together Lyna Iguertsira

On the Challenges That Define a Generation Viktor Sundt

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Me vs. my grandparents Ewa Laskowska

IJB Thanks... Marcos Tourinho, for creating IJB Thinks 12 years ago; All contributors, for sharing your thoughts; All readers, for giving a purpose to this project; Agus Cuadra, for designing the beautiful cover; Ale Pfund, for assisting with thoughtful insights; Floripa (IJRs 2017-2018), for bringing back this project!

Image on cover: David Bowie by Eduardo Kobra

Listen to the "IJB Thinks #24" playlist and get in the mood!

All images on the headers were placed by the editor and not by the authors.

Everybody needs a place to think, by Maurizio Nannucci


Mobstr thinks too much and questions everthing.

Blame it on the youth! Editor's note, by Flora Gurgel

On the past weeks, there was no single topic in a conversation that I couldn't relate to the theme of this IJB Thinks edition: Generations. Education, music, movies, football, cities, work, relationships, the way we communicate, the way we consume… Everything seems to be very much influenced by the characteristics that we have for being born in a certain period of time. Despite the uniqueness of each generation, there are a few aspects that seem to be continuous. One of the most remarkable is the way that older generations tend to look at the youth and point out their weaknesses. With a blink of an eye, young generations can go from the promising future of the world to the naive and offensive group that ruins traditions. If you are a Millennial, for example, you are likely seen as part of a generation of murderers.

M: Daddy, when you were young the seniors were scandalized by your generation? D: Ohhh… They used to say anything!

"How awful, dressing like that! I don't know where we're going! Back in my times we didn't see these things!"

M: Wow, incredible! Just like the adults nowadays! D: See?!

D: And that's because in my times we didn't dress like girly clowns, neither we watch the things that they show today, nor we were lazy…

Young people represent new behaviors, hence they are usually held responsible for the main changes that society faces. We are an easy target to blame. But looking back in history, this doesn't necessarily mean that it is for the worst. Many important conquers were possible due to our willingness to change the world, which is something that all youth generations have in common.

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Changing the world! LOL! Young people stuff!

I also had those ideas when I was young, and now you see…

We're screwed, guys! Turns out that if we don't hurry to change the world, then it's the world that will change us!

Junior Branch allows us to constantly share many experiences with people from our generation, making it easier for us to understand that our fears and expectations are familiar to many other teenagers and young adults from all over the world. For many CISVers, Junior Branch is still often seen as the "kinder" (in a reference to 'kindergarten'). Unfortunately, the potential that lies in our hands is frequently underestimated by our "lack of experience". On the other hand, it is important to understand that this perspective comes from a generational issue too, making this interaction with the "adult" boards of the organization even more challenging. If we are striving for youth integration, it is crucial to take into consideration the characteristics of these different generations and figure out how they can play together. Our constant attempt to establish our goals also relates to the fact that we, Millennials and "GenZers", are purpose-driven generations. Whatever we do, aside from being pleasant, needs to make sense to ourselves and to the world, otherwise, there are several of other groups and causes that we can focus our efforts on. CISV has an ambitious vision for 2030. As Junior Branch, we're focusing on understanding what are the biggest contributions that we can bring to the table, so then we can get involved on the processes that are shaping the future of the organization and share responsibility of whatever comes next. In the meantime, we honor the JBers that came before us by bringing IJB Thinks back a project that was created back in 2006 but got interrupted 4 years ago. This IJB Thinks edition is a celebration of generations, from the ones that were here before to the ones that are still to come! Enjoy your reading! ••• Comics: Mafalda is probably the most famous intellectual character from Argentina. Created by the cartoonist Quino, the first time she appeared in a comic strip was in 1964 and despite that, her ideas about the world remain relevant to younger generations.

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Hope for the New Kids on the Block by Mark Rhodes

Perhaps the most consistent feature between each generation is that they can expect to be typecast by the generations preceding and following them. We've all heard the molds before. Baby Boomers were the 'Me' generation and are now the 'We Hate Change' generation. Gen Xers are cynical. Millennials are entitled. It should be as expected that the sun will rise in the morning that generations will be labeled and stereotyped. While these stereotypes cannot adequately describe everyone born between two specific years, it makes sense that such labels should occur. According to the Center for Generational Kinetics, these similarities appear on a large scale due to shared general trends at roughly the same stages of life through similar channels. This means many people born in Generation X can be expected to have grown up viewing similar media, learning similar content in schools, and being exposed to similar news and interpretations of said news. It isn't surprising then that general trends in attitudes and beliefs tend to appear in people born close together. Shared experiences lead to shared outcomes. What often gets forgotten in conversations about the generations is how fast culture, technology, and public opinion has begun to change in the past two decades, and the effect this has on the iGeneration, or anyone born after around 1996. Today's youth have been shaped by change, it is their constant. A fifteen-year old in 2018 has already seen the world altered in ways that would have seemed unimaginable only 50 years ago. The United States elected its first person of color president. They've witnessed the births and deaths of dozens of popular social media platforms. The United Kingdom is in the process of leaving the European Union. Around the world gay people have slowly been granted the right to marry and the "Me Too" movement has changed the conversation around sexual harassment seemingly overnight. The Arab Spring has had effects so far reaching and complicated we still aren't exactly certain if it was for the better or worse and nations all over the globe seem willing to strip their old ways of governance for something, anything, new. This age of radical change has led to concerns about today's youth, as it always does, and the values they hold.

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Philistines, 1982, by Basquiat

Older generations don't seem to know what to make of the iGeneration. There are fears the new kids on the block have been raised in a world without foundations and with values bordering on self-obsession and nihilism. It seems to them that today's young people just don't care. To an extent they have a point. The world is changing fast and the iGeneration recognizes the impermanence of institutions and beliefs once thought to be constants. I don't choose to see this as all doom and gloom however. Right now there is deep seated angst and existential fears among young people who recognize that the old way of doing things is breaking down, but I also see there is tremendous potential in them to rebuild a better, different kind of global society. The iGeneration has plenty of problems: emotional problems, social problems, and problems with identity. But, given the circumstances, how could they not? More importantly the problems they have aren't unique to them nor are they permanent themselves. The world is changing but it is also growing, and fast growth is always accompanied by growing pains. Given enough time, a little help, and lots of understanding, the iGeneration can use its innate understanding of change to create a world of acceptance and tolerance deemed impossible not even a century ago.

Mark Rhodes was born in 1997. He is from the United States, a country where the discussion about "generations" is all around. What Mark appreciates most about Millennials is their strong sense of what they feel is right and wrong with the world. What he would most like to change about Millennials is their tendancy to value right thought over right action.

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Looking forward: making the best out of the Millennial generation by Ale Pfund

‘You say entitled, I say improvers’ ‘you say lazy, I say enjoyers’ ‘you say narcissistic, I say self-confident’; among some other reasons why millennials might be driving us a step forward. Elder generations once again blame their youths for things we haven’t, at the very least, fulfilled yet. It looks much more as speculation about the effects uprising generations will have on society, than evidence-based conclusions on what we might or might not be capable of doing. This can easily be attributed to a loss of the willingness elder generations once had, or rejection to the outcome from their very own generation; especially considering they appear to blamelessly pass on an inheritance, which is not precisely renowned for its merits. Now, this raises the questions, are we evolving from generation to generation? What’s the impact a generation has on its following? Our favorite consultant (PwC)1, on an internal research, has pointed out that there are several aligned interests from baby boomers to millennials, but my generation is just more willing to insist and take risks in order to achieve them. 1

Accused of feeling entitled, what I understand is that millennials claim social conquers that have long been achieved, but not always seem to be guaranteed. Thus, rather than starting all the way from the bottom up, as some previous generations were raised to do, we’d would better build upon what’s already been reached and consented. However, this must not be mistaken with our eagerness to challenge the status-quo, and question traditions and methods we deem backward or exhausted. Following this premise, and in line with PwC findings, one of the top priorities for the ‘millennial agenda’ consists of not only a better work-life balance, but worklife integration; which comes by with a key characteristic of our generation ‘purposedriven’. Millennials seek to combine what we believe in, our convictions, with what we do on a daily basis. Finding a purpose in our main activity, which comes in line with our life goals, is what will keep us focused and engaged; hence enjoying our work-life. If it does not match the job we’ve got, we are not very hesitant to change direction. Millennials will keep better interest on why we are doing things, rather than how or for whom we are doing them.

PwC is the consultant company hired by CISV International for the Programme Review and the last IO location study.

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New ideas for other times, 2005, by Maurizio Nannucci

This very same purpose-driven orientation is perhaps what got us accused of being narcissists, but how is this that much different from having a very strong confidence in what we are capable of doing? This enhanced self-confidence lays in our belief for the cause we are working for; but if this cause loses credibility, becomes overwhelming or is not enough for us, there are other interests in place and other purposes we can find appealing. We are willing to lead society into what we believe is a better path, but not at the expense of our own happiness and selfrealization. In fact, this personal satisfaction might be what millennials place at the top of the pyramid. Now, what’s at stake here, is if we can agree that happiness is the ultimate goal for every human being; or maybe, how should happiness be constructed in an inequitable society. If you are still uncertain that alleged selfconfidence is no other than a euphemism to our selfishness, or that, far from enjoying what we do, we just want to exploit living from our parents; check out

which generation has the highest rates in entrepreneuring, volunteering and civic engagement, and working and studying at the same time. Or also, take a look at the result of some initiatives that have largely spread, mainly, among millennials: Ice-bucket challenge, Movember, Me Too, among others. The challenge is to cross the bridge with elder generations, we are there. Should history repeat itself, we’ll face this again with generations to come; at that time, we will hopefully be able to look back at how we did it before. Acquiring ‘generational consciousness’, by accepting and embracing each generation characteristics rather than complaining about flaws and differences, can be what drives us to a better integration. We are still facing the same structural challenges as a society, but we’ve got different perspectives and different approaches. We ought to push aside misguided perceptions, generational competition, and start figuring out how we can ‘play together’.

Ale is (more or less) an optimistic Argentinean. He believes that IJB Thinks has been one of the most relevant projects from International Junior Branch and by saying that, he motivated its return. Ale works as a lawyer in a criminal court, where a fax machine is one of their main tools. Proud to be a Millennial, he is not so sure about what's coming next in his life, but that's ok, as long as he enjoys the path. 9


Talkin' 'bout my (the) generation(s) by Paula Hernández Quijano

When I heard IJB Thinks was back and I saw the topic was "Generations", I got really excited and started reflecting on what we usually hear about this, specially the generation that I was born in. This lead me thinking about the news I read about Millennials and conversations I had about the stereotypes of each generation based on people’s birth year.

and that were influenced by the history, education, and socio-political context.

After this theory, Mannheim established that generations were the result of history discontinuities and change, this means that a generation is not determined by the year we were born but the historical process that young people of similar age share. So, for people like me that didn’t I had mixed feelings about it because feel generations were accurate, this gives a personally I do not feel I fit into this different perspective. generation and it didn’t make sense for me to set generations by years since it’s To be a little more boring about this too broad and doesn’t consider too many topic, an English sociologist named factors. I realized that a very important part Philip Abrams developed a new theory of generations is the partial coexistence based on Mannheim’s that broaden the social-historical concept and related it to between them and how they overlap. identity. This is where it got interesting for To understand more about it I read the me because he said that new generations roots and theories of the concept and create new identities and new possibilities its meaning from the loop of sociology, to act. This means that there is not a where there are many interpretations of standard time to measure or predict generations. The first one comes from the the temporality of generations, they are beginnings of sociology and it’s based on marked by important events and are finding a quantitative space to determine related to the context and the process of when it’s time for a generation to substitute change. another one, which is 30 years. This One of the things that caught my attention sounded strict to me. the most is the partial coexistence between Later I found out that an author named generations and how the context and life Dilthey said this was not relevant and that experiences interact to determine them. generations were defined by people that This made me think how JB is one of the shared the same experiences and time scenarios where this coexistence happens.

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When I started in Junior Branch and became NJR I felt that I didn’t know as much as the people that were there before me. At first, I thought there were too many reasons that separated myself from former NJRs or people with big roles like the IJRs and it was hard for me to think that I could know as much as them or be involved on the different levels that JB has. Time passed by and I didn’t realize how quick I got attached to what JB does and how much I learnt for my personal life thanks to people that were older or younger than me but that had something in common, being a JBer. It doesn’t matter

when they were involved or how, but I have learned the most from them and I can see how I can easily look up to people from JB and it’s because it transcends the spaces of temporality in which generations are categorized and allows coexistence in which our contexts and our life experiences interact. For me this is the great meaning of a generation, it is not determined by our year of birth but by the identity that links our personal and social context, and in this case for me and for many people, that identity is being part of Junior Branch.

References: Carmen Leccardi y Carles Feixa (2010): The concept of generation in youth theories. Revista de Pedagogie, 58 (4) Bucarest. Mannheim, K. (1993): «El problema de las generaciones». Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 62. Dilthey, W. (1989): Selected Works, Volume I, Introducción to the Human Sciences. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Comte, A. (1830-1842): Cours de philosophie positive, vol. 1-2. Paris: Hermann. Abrams, Philip (1982): Historical Sociology. Shepton Mallet: Open Books.

Paula is an adorable Colombian. She has recently got her degree on Polical Science and started to work at UN Women in Bogotá. Pau prefers to call people over sending audios, she is not that good with technology and she doesn't really like Pinterest, but she is a fan of Instagram. In her opinion, these are examples of characteristics that identify her better than the year she was born in. 11


#Generations in 280 characters by Flora Gurgel and LuĂ­sa PerdigĂŁo

For younger generations, it is almost impossible to imagine a world without Internet. While Millennials got used to it as they grew, having to face the annoying sound of a dial connection or making agreements with their parents on when and for how long they could use their ICQs, GenZers have never experienced a world without this "global system of interconnected computer networks" (thanks Wikipedia for this definition). Internet has become an important aspect of our lives - regardless the generation we belong to - and a big part of that is due to social media. For young kids, it is cool to be online and to keep up with the new trendy memes - isn't that a way of building global friendship after all?

Without further ado (or before we find 7 new hyperlinks we want to attach to this article), the question we would like to raise is: what is being said about Millennials and GenZers on social media? To help us with this answer, we collected tweets between July 2 and 12 of 2018 using two keywords: #millennials and #genz. The data mining process was done through the Ford script, technology developed by researchers at the Laboratory of Studies in Image and Cyberculture (LABIC), located at Federal University of EspĂ­rito Santo (UFES). In total, 13.701 tweets were counted within 10 days of collection. To visualize this amount of data, we used Gephi, an open source software for exploring and manipulating complex networks.

#Millennials In this collect, 11.384 tweets from 8196 users were analysed in 23 different countries, the main one being United States. The collection was delimited to tweets in English only, and this also maybe the reason why the US is the most present country in the dataset. The time span was 10 days, which makes it an average of 1.138 tweets using the #millennials per day. The graph on the following page shows the top hashtags used in tweets connected to the hashtag #millennials. By analysing that, it is evident that a diverse number of topics are associated to the generation that is obsessed about avocado toasts. Politics (#democrats, #trump, #progressives, #left, #resistance), other generations (#genz, #babyboomers, #boomers, #genx), career (#business, #entrepreneur, #money, #jobs) are the most current themes. Between them, the top 10 hashtags were: #millennials, #genz, #genx, #marketing, #democrats, #business, #walkaway, #boomers, #socialmedia and #fintech. 12


This graph shows the top hashtags used in tweets connected to the hashtag #millennials. The data visualization software used, Gephi, allows us to choose metrics, layouts and algorithms to build graphs in many possible ways. Here, the colors represent clusters (or communities) formed by strongly connected nodes in a network (in this case, each node correspond a hashtag). For this result, we applied the modularity class algorithm. Also, the average weighted degree metric was used to change the size of a node according to the frequency that a hashtag in mentioned in Twitter (the more mentioned, the bigger the node is). 13


Here are some of the most retweeted tweets using the #millennials between July 2 and 12:

Available at: https://twitter.com/MorganStanley/status/1014888895799005185

Available at: https://twitter.com/ALLUXE_/status/1016733363447754756

The hashtag #SignsYouAreAMillennial is also interesting to see what people are saying about millennials and what are their feelings on it.

Available at: https://twitter.com/HRC/status/1015304555460997121

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Available at: https://twitter.com/HRC/status/1015305182610186240


#GenZ For the #GenZ collect, 2.317 tweets from 1.709 in 5 different countries were identified. The main country of tweets was also the United States. The collect covered the same 10 days, which can tell us that millennials are still the generation that people tweet more about. For the data visualization using Gephi, we applied the same setting as above. The graph below shows that both generations are associated to similar themes. The top hashtags were #genz, #millennials, #lgbtq, #demographics, #gop, #karma, #genx, #marketing, #boomers and #resisting and the most used words were "gen", "generation", "changing", "study" and "ready".

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Some of the top tweets:

Available at: https://twitter.com/TheAdvocateMag/status/1015360361094975489

Available at: https://twitter.com/juanblanco76/status/1015927290998517765/photo/1

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#SoWhat For the better or for the worse, people are talking about generations. Though the topic is still more current in the United States, this is a discussion that goes beyond frontiers - we are a globalized youth after all. Without any doubts, social media is the best way to reach these generations and it can be a very useful tool to understand the biggest desires and concerns of #millennials, #genzers and the upcoming generations.

The question that remains unsolved is: when will we realise that understanding generations and its particularities goes way beyond marketing, business or politics strategies, but it is a crucial step to comprehend how we are evolving and shaping the world?

Luisa and Flora are Brazilians who were born in the mid90s. According to Facebook they are friends since 2011, which makes it a 11-years difference compared to the real facts (#SorryMarkZuckerberg). Luisa just graduated in Communication and she works with social media data analysis at LABIC, right next to the Architecture building, where Flora studies. Every now and then, they text each other on Telegram and meet at the cafeteria to catch up.

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Three Years of Reaching: Why Commentary and Debate Beyond Formal Organizational Channels is Good by Anjo Peez Zvetina, Jess Wanless and Marvin Vertein Hi! We – Anjo, Jess, and Marvin – have run an anonymous blog about CISV called Twice the Reach since Autumn 2015. It’s had a decently large following, and sparked some interesting discussions.

and attempted to avoid buzzwords. We also did longer research-based pieces, discussed Governing Board and IJR elections, wrote listicles (for the sharez), and published to-thepoint pro-and-con bits.

After about three years of Twice the Reach, 1.5 of them active, we want to share what it was about, why we did it, why we did it anonymously, and why we think informal blogging is healthy and important for CISV.

Importantly for us, we chose to run the blog anonymously because we wanted it to be judged by the merits of the ideas we discussed, not by the volunteer roles we had recently held (NA Rep, IJR, JB Regional Team Member, and so on).

The idea for Twice the Reach came after Global Conference 2015, when the ambitious 2030 vision statement that “[b]y 2030 we will (…) reach at least twice as many people as we do today (2015)” was approved. The statement had no set indicators at the time. The advantage of using quantifiable language like this, we thought, was that the organization can measure whether the vision is indeed being achieved. We felt that this fairly obvious point was not being discussed (enough)1, and decided to take it online. The format of the blog was straightforward: most of our substantive articles posed clear “research questions” which we attempted to answer using the quantitative CISV data available. We placed little emphasis on prose

So why did we do this and why do we think independent commentary and blogging is healthy for CISV? Starting in the early 2000s, the internet has given CISV the space for informal debate and exchange. Nick Trautmann’s CISV Devils2 was a platform for discussing controversial or outlandish proposals to change CISV. On CISV from the Balcony, Nick later discussed personal ideas and musings on the organization. On the more humorous side, Karo and Paul’s When You’re A CISVer tumblr kept it , as the kids say. Far earlier, an e-mail list called CISV-L encouraged people to share ideas on how to improve the organization.

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Interestingly, our posts relating specifically to the vision and doubling CISV’s reach were consistently viewed and shared less than our more lighthearted or less substantive posts. 2

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Which is apparently now fully offline as it was hosted by cisv.org, which has been restructured.


The Story, by the Mobstr

When we started to become involved with Junior Branch and the wider organization (beyond participating in programmes), all three of us regularly read CISV from the Balcony and thought “This is the kind of organization I’d like to be involved in” – One with volunteers so dedicated that there is constructive public debate outside the formal organizational channels, open to anybody willing to engage.

Twice the Reach is not ending, we want to keep the platform up encourage a debate on the growth of the organization. We will continue to present numbers, words and stuff. However, we would like to encourage more guest contributions to our blog or quietly fall into the shadows as another JB-led initiative fills this space. We look forward to whatever comes next to keep CISV reflective!

This brings us to ‘generations’. It is no coincidence that all these online projects came from active or recent JBers. Being critical is in JB’s blood! We think having a space like this helps keep CISV accountable to itself, breathes in fresh air and gives us a place to bounce ideas around. Informal commentary and debate beyond the formal organizational channels is healthy for CISV.

Peace out, Anjo, Jess and Marvin Twice the Reach twicethereach.wordpress.com facebook.com/TwiceTheReach twitter.com/twicethereach

Jess, Anjo and Marvin share their passion for numbers, words and stuff, among other things (the photo gives a hint!). Growing up without Internet is one of the things that Anjo dislikes about his generation, while Jess is confident that this is a perk of being born before the late 90s. Marvin's self-burned CD collection is one of the reasons that makes him proud to be a millennial.

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A mixtape of generations by Pipa Raimundo

Standing up at Caetano Veloso’s concert back in July 2018 in Paris, during the Leãozinho song, I felt goosebumps. There are several factors for this to have happened - yes, he is Brazilian and I am Portuguese, he was singing in our language, the room was full of Brazilians which made me feel at home and I’ve known his wonderful music for as long as I can remember. Above all of those elements, I especially remember my Mum listening to it in our living room, my siblings and I singing along. I remember growing up with his songs filling our house and making me feel like we shared something special, all of us. I remember the smiles, the laughs, the singing off-tune, the long afternoons and the car rides spent listening to him.

candid, the scenery was beautiful and his voice flawless. On top of that, standing with him were his three sons. In fact, Moreno (45 years-old), Zeca (26 years-old), Tom (21 yearsold) and Caetano (75 years-old) are touring together in Europe. On stage, their complicity, their respect for each others’ art (as they sang songs written by each of them) and for each other, filled up the room with a feeling of harmony and importance of each of them, as individuals. Singing both in portuguese and english, only accompanied by their own instruments, these four artists go back in time to the 1960’s with Caetano Veloso’s first songs and back to 2018 with his sons’ latest songs. After the concert, and while reflecting on what I had just listened and experienced, I started thinking about how this represented an important example for generations and the understanding of others. With this artistic demonstration, they acknowledged and cherished their father’s life and experiences, while adding their own to the mix. And with these shared memories, something unique was created: a powerful combination of three generations who shared the same passion and brought to others something which will be passed onto the next generation. As for music, the same happens with literature, dance, philosophy, history or cinema - we learn, either consciously or unconsciously, about what makes generations different or similar.

He is not the only artist to which my parents and us listened to when we were kids. Other artists, from other decades, from all around the world, would come into our house and would fill our mornings, afternoons and evenings with stories and memories from another time. Now, when I listen to those songs, I do not only recall my own memories but I am also more aware of other generations’ fears, hopes and dreams: what they were living at the time, their feelings towards it, what they agreed with or fought for. Music has a timeless presence and a very particular way of crossing generations while providing us with a certain sense of belonging and understanding. In the train, at a club, on the radio or through our computers’ speakers, music transports us to We are constantly surrounded and shaped by another reality. how generations are closely linked. We live Caetano Veloso’s concert was wonderful in in a society where generations interact daily every sense: the acoustic of the room was - within our families, at school, work, public 20


transportation or others - as well as help us embrace the different experiences that shape our own existence and jointly contribute to our perception of reality. Could we live without our Mum’s favorite book or our Dad favorite record? Could we live in a world where there are no Caetano Veloso, Pablo Picasso or Gabriel García Marquez to tell us how they lived their lives and what they have achieved and endured? We could, but it would not be the same. Generations are not about who does it better or worse, who had it easier or harder, who should respect the other more. Generations should aim at mutually respecting one another, complementing each others’ realities and learning from each other’s experiences. Although we live in an era where information

is at a click away, we must value what really makes us unique: the people who have been here before us, who surround us, who we are lucky to cross paths with and who will live after us. Shall our life always be filled of curiosity towards the person next to us, their knowledge and story and shall we appreciate and respect what each of us brings to the era in which we are currently living. May diversity be our superpower and may it shape our generation and contribution to this incredible world of ours. And may those creators like Caetano Veloso, who give this life a meaning through any form of art, continue giving us the memories we can hold onto and share with the ones who will come after.

Pipa is a lovely Portuguese who lives in Paris, where she is finishing her master degree and working at UNESCO. Pipa often says she was born in the wrong generation. She is not active on Social Media and she won't charge her phone more than once a day. On the other hand, she is a purposedriven young adult who believes it's crucial to define why we are doing whatever we do. #PipaIsAMillennial #PipaChargeYourPhone Ofertório concert, Caetano Veloso and his sons, 2018

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Five Child-Focused Movies to Screen this Camp Season by Natasha Clarita There is a popular saying that “kids grow up too fast.” We often look to childhood as a fleeting phase that children take for granted as they busy themselves wanting to be seen and treated like an adult— emphasised by the excitement to drive, date, drink, move out, among other things. Like any attitude or behaviour, the sense of urgency to experience adulthood must be learned. One powerful influence to start thinking about is the entertainment that children consume. Even the most childcentric family movies I grew up watching do not have children as main characters (e.g. Finding Nemo, Ratatouille, Monsters Inc, or any of the Disney Princesses). While it is not wrong to introduce children to elements of adult lifestyle as jobs, parties, or parenting, the child’s perspective is often missed or discounted in these movies, resulting in content that is inapplicable to

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the everyday reality of children, and sends the message that a child’s opinion and struggle is less important to an adult’s. As CISV is an inter-generational organisation that aims to empower children through learning-by-doing, it should mean that learners play an active role in shaping and influencing, not only receiving, their education. In majority of CISV programmes, our learners are children! Movie screening is a classic at CISV camps and can be a fantastic method of education. At the very least, let’s make sure that using this tool does not go against our educational approach. Below, I list 5 great movies with one thing in common: a diverse range of strong kids as main characters that portray the complexities of childhood.


Pixel Forrest at the New Museum, 2016, by Pipilotti Rist

Sanjay’s Super Team (USA, Pixar Animation Studios/ Walt Disney Pictures, 2015) Content area: Diversity Theme: first-generation/” immigrants,” parenting, pop culture versus traditions This short movie is one of the first that made me think of intergenerational gap. It opens with a scene of a first-generation Indian-American boy playing superhero video games. The central conflict lies in Sanjay’s worshipping of the culture he was brought up into, Western pop culture, and his disconnection and irritation about his father’s Hindu traditions. The ending is an example of a thought-provoking and creative resolution to conflicts, and being 7 minutes long, it is suitable to follow the screening with some discussion or use this to complement a related activity Possible discussion questions: What things make you feel connected to your older/younger relatives? What things make you feel disconnected to your older/younger relatives? What are effective ways to educate children about their traditions/culture/heritage? Kulari Ke Pantai (I Run to the Beach) Indonesia, Miles Films, 2018 Content area: Conflict-resolution Theme: Generation Z and social media, urban versus rural lifestyle, girl friendship drama Being Indonesian, of course I must include an Indonesian reference! However, I find this movie refreshing for a universal audience, for a simple reason that there are currently very few movies with not one, but two girls as main characters. Moreover, boys are not the only thing they talk about (making it one of the very few movies that pass the Bechdel test), and they do all the problem-solving throughout the plot. As the story follows their family road-trip through Indonesia, you are guaranteed to be mesmerised by the beautifully-shot diverse communities within the archipelago, and to reflect upon conflict-resolution in the context of such intersectional diversity.

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Inside Out USA, Pixar Animation Studios/Walt Disney Pictures, 2015 Content area: Diversity, Conflict-resolution Theme: emotions, growing up, mental well-being This story probably needs no introduction. It is set mostly inside the mind of an 11-year-old using different emotions as living characters—making it suitable to show to Village kids or to prompt discussions on CISV’s earliest audience. This movie has been celebrated for its realistic, intimate focus on the different emotions children deal with while growing up. The children perspective used is important in challenging “adultcentrism;” the subconscious but prevalent tendency to view children and their problems from a biased, adult perspective—and serves as a self-examination for CISV in our capacity to nurture, instead of discount, the approach children use in navigating and understanding the world. The Story of Tracy Beaker UK, Jacqueline Wilson, 1991 Content area: Human Rights, Conflict-resolution Theme: children “behavioural problems,” imagination, familial neglect, growing up I grew up with Jacqueline Wilson’s works and her “ordinary” girl characters, and looking back, I am very thankful for their influence. I remember picking up this book (which has been adapted into a TV series) randomly because I was attracted to its edgy illustration, but I quickly became obsessed with how “normal” her characters are: girls struggling with peer pressure, divorce, body image, envy, etc. The adults view Tracy as a troubled kid with “behavioural problems” as she is always telling “lies.” Upon reflection, viewers will understand that her imagination provides her sense of security and comfort that she lacked due to neglect by her adult guardians. Her complex mind and circumstances is captured so subtly through her own perspective, making it an enjoyable and accessible read for kids, and a space to confide in for those who deal with similar problems in their daily life.

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Pixel Forrest at the New Museum, 2016, by Pipilotti Rist

Princess Mononoke Japan, Studio Ghibli and others, 1997 Content area: Sustainable Development Conflict-resolution Theme: nature vs technology, progress and greed Discussing children movies is incomplete without mentioning Studio Ghibli, the acclaimed anime film and animation studio which recurrently places children as protagonists and highlights important values of humanity. A celebrated and distinct feature of their movies is their complex conflicts and characters—the lines between good and evil are never shown to be straightforward. Prince Ashitaka, like all their protagonists, has misjudgements and wrong intentions, but is also hardworking and develops himself throughout the movie. Without judging or concluding, the movie raises pressing questions of our world today through portraying conflict between the forest gods and humans who consume resources from the forest. This approach is handy to nurture critical thinking, curiosity and values in children, all while presenting a more realistic, complex and applicable problem-solving in real life.

Natasha is a sweet and very intelligent woman. She was born in Indonesia in 1997. Her passions are education and youth empowerment, and she has faith in the critical thinking practised by the generation she belongs to.

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The Paradigm of Anxiety by Pedro Nordskog

Have you ever wondered why Millenials are the generation with highest rates of anxiety among all others? Oh wait.. you didn’t know this? Well, I know it’s a bummer, but it’s true. We are actually TWICE as likely to develop both depression and anxiety disorders and………... THAT’S INSANE.

a matter of seconds be the ones that can best understand things and better predict their possible outcomes? The fact is: the more you know about something, the less that thing can surprise you - right? And because of this lack of “ability to surprise” you with it’s outcomes your interaction with this thing won’t trigger your anxiety And since we can know A LOT about A LOT of things (tks google btw) the question that I still haven’t wrapped my head around is WHY ARE WE THEN THE MOST ANXIOUS GENERATION?

And if you’re like me you’re probably wondering why is this so (and if you’re not wondering... well…. we’ll start talking about it anyway). And as the detective I am (not) I decided to investigate, and And then it hit me, and boy it hit hard. Step 1 was understanding what actually is Anxiety. The big uncertainties that our generation lives nowadays aren’t related to lack of This is what I found on the dictionary - information regarding external aspects anxiety is a feeling of worry, nervousness, like it was 30 years ago. What does a or unease, typically about something with lawyer do, or what are the careers that an uncertain outcome. allow more flexibility, or how to get from Ok, this does make sense on how to define one place to the other in the city, or what it (course, it’s the dictionary dumbass) but are stable companies to work for, or what wait.. according to this should we be the does a good CV look like, etc. - all of these most anxious generation? In my opinion were questions of the past generated this says we should be the one with LESS anxiety, but nowadays are outdated - their answers are easy now because they rely of it. Ok, let me explain on external information that has already If anxiety is related to worrying about been mapped and is a fact for anyone who an uncertain outcome of something, wonders about it. shouldn’t us, the generation that grew with Internet, that has unlimited access Millennials uncertainties are related to lack to all data, information and knowledge in of information of INTERNAL aspects, which can’t be found on google because they are 26


Haikus by Rafaël Rozendaal

100% individual. What does this mean? It means that we lack self knowledge to decide between the million options that we have on a daily basis! We know the facts because they’re out there, but we can’t weigh the facts to actually decide if something is more or less important for us.

and since they aren't your answers you don’t feel comfortable deciding on it - and this indecision brings (and is in a way) uncertainty. DAMN.

We have all the knowledge in the world about everything outside us, but we Asking the internet if you should go right lack knowledge on the one thing that is or left in your life won’t give you the literally the entire time with us: ourselves. answers you expect, because everyone So what can be done to revert this? has their own objective on where to get in life and for some going right can be the Maybe looking inwards for our own best choice while for others left is a better answers of who we are and what we option. The point is: you’ll get answers, want, experimenting new thoughts and but not YOUR answers to your questions perspectives can be a good first step.

Pedro doesn't doubt for a second about the strenght that youth has. He frequently shares his thoughts on a Facebook page, in an attemp to encourage other young Brazilians to reflect about life. As a typical Millennial, Pedro enjoys exploring the world of opportunities around him and he understands the potential that change has.

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Is Speaking Generational? by Tita Couto

Talking about generations is a challenge. So I had to ask some friends for help and through extremely enriching and extremely deep conversations I was able to understand certain things I would like to share. This subject came out during a conversation about a Facebook post from a friend of a friend of mine who posted his family history within a final reflection on it about our generation. His grandmother died and it was only after that that he discovered that his exaggerated preoccupations with locks and closed doors were because his grandfather beat her up a lot when he drank.

that suffering from silence does not make anyone stronger or less sick". During this same conversation, a friend exposed her questioning about how each generation loves and is loved. We realize that there is much of this ideal of happiness in monogamous couples who have been married for more than fifty years. And that there is a great movement of questions transforming this stereotype of happiness. There are many forms of love being placed as polyamory, homosexuality, nonmonogamy. And this often disturbs the older generations who understand this moment as a phase. But I can not see it like this. I think the world has always wanted to try new things, but no one has ever had the courage to express that desire before us. Just as there is much desire in dividing a life with a person. And our generation does not deny it. Just ask and experience other patterns of relationships.

Some time later, he discovered that his grandfather drank too much, because he had anxiety attacks due to a childhood full of beatings and almost nobody knew. In addition, he has an uncle who died of an ulcer after having drunk problems hidden We also raise the idea that other generations during a long period of depression after discriminate against our exaggerated use the divorce. of social networks. We do not deny at any He concluded the post by saying: moment the evils caused by them. But "They say our generation is the weaker we like to think about how you approach psychologically that has ever existed. But us, how we can accompany the life - even the problems have always been there. We superficially - of some distant friend and are the first generation who had the courage we can see them happy and that makes us to talk about it and touch the wound and happy too, how we can express ourselves then heal it. The first generation who felt and expose the anguish we feel in the 28


Graffit by Banksy

process of growing up and become adult, in which we question what we believe to be wrong in the world and feel ourselves to belong to a community that questions and is greater than we imagine.

that it is the movement to educate our children to continue placing themselves in the world in a respectful way that we will continue in this process of communicating more and more what we feel, what we think and what we want to change in the Other generations believe that denying world. technology will make it no longer affect us. I believe that our generation, because it needs to communicate, understands

Tita is a brave young Brazilian who has always a smile on her face. The way Tita expresses herself demonstrates that she has a lot to share with the world. She was born in 1999 and regarding her generation, she is worried about how fluid things can be and how hard it is to get attached to something. On the other hand, she admires how young people break paradigms nowadays.

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Time Together by Lyna Iguertsira

“A generation is a sociological concept that designates a sub population whose members, being close together in age or having lived in the same historical period, share a certain number of practices and representations.", says the Psychomedia, an online newspaper. It explains the classification that had been made and the names that had been given to the last few generations. Baby-boomers are people born between 1946 and 1964, followed by Generation X which extends from 1965 up until 1980; Generation Y (or Millennials) carries on from 1981 to 2000; at last, Generation Z that started in 2000. A new word recently emerged for individuals born in 2010 or later, they are called Alpha Generation. I personally feel really identified with my generation. I think that everyone feels (at one time or another in life) involved in the generation in which they lived, live and will live. The period of human existence in which we are born will have an impact on the way we evolve and grow as individuals. This can come from the cartoons we watched, the music we sang out loud, or even the education we received as children/ teenagers. Yes! Even school has a lot to do with reinforcing our sense of belonging

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to this or that generation since learning is in constant motion and educational techniques are changing too. I dare to believe that the environment in which we grew up greatly determines who we are, and that the generation that is attributed to us will leave us with memories, even if they are not very significant. How many times have we attended family dinners where we were looking for our cousins who were about the same age as us? And once they arrived, we felt like we belonged to a definite group where we could finally play, have fun and discuss things that were considered exciting and interesting as a band of trend music, or the TV series of the moment. Unconsciously, we feel closer to people who belong to our generation, but that does not prevent us from appreciating all the same things that other generations bring as intellectual, cultural and even artistic baggage. And, knowing that people from different generations are brought to live together and live together, this is the perfect opportunity to achieve diversity. Now, let's talk about my favorite topic, CISV! The problematic of the generations is well reflected by our organization, let us take example on a summer camp (more


Same Words Different Thoughts/ Same Thoughts Different Words, 2012, by Maurizio Nannucci

precisely a Village), where we find small cabbages aged 10-11, their JCs aged 16, leaders and staffs aged 21 years old minimum. It's two generations that will spend a month together, and it's inevitable: one will learn from the other. CISV creates an atmosphere of diversity within its camps, but this diversity is not just cultural, it’s also generational. The lullabies also highlights the importance that is given to the generations that preceded us, and allows us to value, appreciate and over all respect people with their similarities, even if they are older or younger, from a different culture and nation.

made. And this same awareness allows us to realize and be conscious of the world around us (with all that it bears as problems and issues) but above all to act and change things. Peace is spread in an original and different ways and I think there is no better impact than this one. As a conclusion, the generation helps defining a person and putting it in a certain context, but everybody can’t be totally defined by the generation they belong to.

The generation we belong to is affected by our volunteers. Through peace education, many people are inspired by the awareness that is

Lyna is a sweet Algerian who was born in 2000. She grew up in a connected world because of Internet. During her Seminar Camp on the past weeks she didn't have access to social media though and we had to communicate through the typical Staff email. What she likes the most about her generation is the awareness they have regarding global issues.

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On the Challenges That Define a Generation by Viktor Sundt

"What even are generations? And what is their relevance?" are questions I asked myself when I first saw the theme of this issue of IJB Thinks. My scepticism stemmed from a dislike of the way I’ve most often seen the term used in western popular culture: • bashing youth for not perfectly fitting into a system built without flexibility for a changing world and demographic (e.g. ”Millennials are so spoilt and have no work ethics”), • placing unreasonable importance in a year here and a year there when dividing generations, though never agreeing on the definition (which is why I am both a millennial and Gen Z:er)

Looking forward, I think it is already possible to predict some of the challenges that will define our generation. Here is my outlook: Climate change will be the biggest challenge of our generation (and we will need help from all other generations alive in facing it). Climate change is still accelerating, and its effects have started to be noticed all over the world. Most of you are probably aware of global warming and what it’s consequences might be, but the world is not yet doing enough to break free from fossil fuels. Global greenhouse gas emissions are still growing, despite a new international climate deal having been signed as late as in 2015.

• generalizing the character of a two decades- I want to illustrate to you how critical the situation worth of human individuals based on a humanity finds itself in is, and how we don’t have stereotypical idea of an upbringing environment. any more time to lose before we act on the crisis, by taking you back a bit in time. Though I agree that studying how culture and society shifts over time, and how the circumstances Environmental and climate scientists have been of a certain group of people at a certain point aware of the way that human activity affects the in time affects their perspectives, is interesting, climate for several decades. 97% of published I don’t think any long-lived conclusions about climate researchers agree to the fact that human the perspectives of our generation can be made, greenhouse gas emissions are causing the global now that we live in the age of information. Our warming that we’re observing, by letting fewer perspectives will grow and shift all our lives, as sun rays leave the atmosphere after bouncing will our knowledge. off the earth, and therefore trapping more heat energy. Together with activists, scientists have I also believe it rather to be the actions of a person been trying to mobilize us on the issue for a long – or a generation – that defines them, rather than time. Already in 1992, an international climate their environment. convention was signed in Rio de Janeiro through a United Nations initiative, which established the Looking back in history, what we tend to remember framework through which all later international about previous generations is the challenges they climate deals have been negotiated (UNFCCC), met, with what spirit they faced them, and how that also asked for each country to decrease their their actions stamped their present and formed carbon dioxide emissions by 2% annually until the world we know today. (Did they dare to make 2005. It was considered a demand that would their dreams a fact?) give them plenty of time to transform their energy production and consumption away from fossil 32


the world is ours, 2015, by Verena Smit

fuels towards renewable energy. At this point in time we released ~20 gigatonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere annually. Evidently, politics decided to continue to turn a blind eye, and since 1992 our carbon dioxide emissions have only increased. It is partly due to industrial development in developing countries, but mainly due to globalization and free trade agreements, further increasing the living standard and emissions of already developed nations. While there are still humans living in extreme poverty, the average Swede consumes so much of our planet’s resources that if everyone lived like us, we would need 4 of the Earth. The entire human population, worldwide, is predicted to in 2018 consume 1,7 times the amount of resources the Earth can regenerate in a year, making Earth Overshoot Day fall on August 1st. When you are reading this, you are living off of resources borrowed (or one might say stolen) from coming generations. While the industrialized world have fled reality and ignored climate change it has increasingly made the lives of our most vulnerable even more difficult. As you may know, or have guessed from the numbers above, the existence of extreme poverty is not due to there being a lack of resources in the world to distribute, but an unfair distribution. Similarly, the continued dependency on fossil fuels to power the overconsumption in western societies is not due to a lack of alternative energy sources – the technology and research to guide a societal transformation towards renewable energy has been available for a long time – but to a lack of political will, in some cases even to recognize the existence of climate change. Today, the green revolution has started somewhat. The population has a bigger awareness of climate change than ever. (A poll in Sweden has shown that 80 percent of Swedish youth, age 15-25, have what is called ”climate anxiety”, meaning intense worry

for how climate change will affect their and the world’s future.) (Some) governments are starting to act on and taking the problem seriously. The newest international deal on combating climate change, the Paris agreement, which was signed in 2015 gathered 195 signatories, of which 178 later have become party to it; it entered into force in November 2016. However, two of the worlds largest economies, and consequentially two of the largest contributors to climate change, are not joining us in the fight. Russia has only yet signed but not become party to the treaty. USA became party to the treaty under President Obama but has announced it’s intention to withdraw from it under President Trump. For a few years it looked like green house gas emissions had halted on a global scale. This was a false hope, and in 2017 the emissions rose again by 2%. The most important thing to understand is however that the effect of greenhouse gas emissions is accumulative – meaning that the gases we emit stay in the atmosphere for a long time. Even if we stopped emitting greenhouse gases tomorrow, the temperature of the earth would still continue rising for a while. Current CO2 levels in the atmosphere are at 408 parts per million (ppm), which is the highest they have been for at least 650,000 years. And so far, this has caused a global average temperature rise of 0.9 degrees Celsius. [Source: NASA]

The temperature rise is changing weather patterns, 33


making weather less predictable and more extreme – floods and hurricanes are expected to become more common. It causes rising sea levels that poses an existential threat to some nations. Moreover, it is a huge threat to human food production and safety. A 5-year-drought is (among other things) what induced the civil war in Syria, which escalated to an international proxy war, and launched a global refugee crisis like noone we’ve ever seen before. Climate change is a threat to human rights.

A second challenge of our generation also has to do with human dignity. I’m talking about a certain human right that is in the midst of being undermined, when what it actually needs is to be expanded: the right to asylum.

For further reading on climate change, you could check out these infographics and the book ”This Changes Everything” by Naomi Klein.

Concurrent with this, a contrasting development appeared in other parts of Europe, where countries began closing their borders with barbwire fences in attempt to divert the streams of refugees through a different country. The great trust between the

The undermining of the right to asylum is a multi-faceted problem. A part of the issue is that climate change is causing geopolitical tension that leads to conflict, which forces civilians in the conflict zone to flee their homes and seek refuge elsewhere. Another part of the issue, and a more Since we have let our climate problem boil for so direct cause to why rich countries and regions long, reality now demands of us drastic action. that should offer asylum to refugees ignore their Though every individual for sure need to do responsibility is, however, racism, xenophobia their part, a bet on just individual action will fall and nationalism. short. What we need is brave, political action that creates systemic change all throughout The past few years of Swedish political society. Our economic system, today built for development have been difficult to stomach for short-term profit, needs to be rebuilt for long- any Swede with a humanitarian interest. In 2015, term sustainability. Investments need to be made 160,000 refugees found their way to the Swedish into renewable energy, our transport and food border. (A small number in relation to the 65.8 production need to be transformed, and taxes million people currently forcibly displaced in the should divert citizens from green house gas- world, but about an order of magnitude larger than what the Swedish asylum reception system emitting consumption, etc. was built to handle.) They came from Syria, As a citizen, do not settle for just changing Iran, Afghanistan, Eritrea, Somalia, they were your own habits as far as you can go – for in all stateless. Many had crossed the Mediterranean by likelihood, the change you can perform for the unsafe boats and then walked across the whole climate is not enough. You must demand political European continent. Some had lost their families action from your leaders, or become one yourself. among the way, and 35,000 of the 160,000 were Collective action is the only way forward in facing unaccompanied children. The Swedish Migration climate change. Agency had difficulty organizing the reception, but where their resources fell short, the Swedish civil Combating climate change is the most critical society was ready to step in. Refugees Welcome challenge of our generation. How we face it found an abundance of volunteers to help them will define how the people of our time are welcome those who had fled, 24 hours a day at remembered. But more importantly, it will define train stations in major cities in Sweden. A friend the possibilities of generations after us to live of mine took part in child care team, that helped dignified lives. parents get some rest after their long journey.

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new year revolution, 2015, by Verena Smit

countries of the European Union, which was personified in the Schengen Agreement – an agreement to abolish national border controls within the union – began breaking down, and eventually the migration cooperation crumbled. Seeing the unwillingness of our partners to take responsibility over the refugees, politicians in Sweden began to fear for a continually large inflow of asylum seekers and the ”unsustainable” situation that would put the country in. (I’ve put unsustainable in quotation marks because it, in relation to this issue, in Sweden is a politicized description.) The fear won over solidarity, and in 2016 the asylum laws of Sweden were changed to only fulfill the minimum requirements found in EU and international law. This means, among other things, that only temporary residencies are granted and that family reunion is now heavily limited. Of course, the nationalist party of Sweden found themselves very happy with this development and have since this monumental confirmation of their policy from the political establishment risen to have the highest level of confidence from the Swedish populace in regards to migration policy, among all Swedish parties. I heard, in an audio book on the topic of solidarity, a story of how it was conceived that a right to asylum was of paramount importance to include in a universal declaration on human rights. The inspiration supposedly came from a conference held during WW2, when Jews began fleeing from the prosecution they faced in Nazi Germany to neighbouring European states, where the European states met to discuss how to handle the issue. No one knew fully yet just how cruel and horrific the destinies met by Jews in the Nazi state were, though stories that gave a clue were told by the refugees themselves. The initiative of the conference was to divide the Jewish refugees between countries evenly. However, just like we see with 65.8 million refugees today, no state was very interested in taking more in. Some even outright expressed that they were afraid of catching ”a Jew problem”. A conclusion was made

by someone that it would be necessary to write in international law the collective responsibility of humanity, and of each and every state, to offer asylum from persecution to all humans in need of it, or else it would not happen. The current definition of the right to asylum was adopted in the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951) which builds upon Article 14 in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). Article 14 states that ”Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution” and the Refugee Convention defines a refugee, i.e. a person legally entitled asylum, as the following: A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it. Though a great effort, I think we can say today that this piece of law has not been enough. The world’s countries (or at least those of the European Union) are still not willing to properly cooperate and take common responsibility for refugees. And cooperation is for this issue of utmost importance. We need to build a global system for asylum reception that can stand more strongly against the waves of nationalism that, it seems, may rise in any century. We need to recognize the human dignity of each and every refugee and help them find their way to dignified living conditions. We are also standing at a point in time where it is incredibly relevant to extend the right to asylum itself, as it is written in international conventions: we live in a world where other reasons than 35


The future is one, 2016, by Verena Smit

persecution from other humans may force you to leave your home. Namely, climate change is such a reason, and currently climate refugees have no source in international law (that I know of, correct me if I’m wrong!) that guarantee them right to asylum. It may also be time to specify some of those social groups mentioned, such as genders and non-genders, sexualities and disabilities, to ensure a modern interpretation of the law text worldwide.

Check out this cool Sustainable Development Goals tracker. •••

Finally, a challenge that is fundamental for our generation is the need to reinvent democracy. For some threats towards democracies there is a given response, a recipe for stable democracy – let the media free, fund civil society organizations, educate on human rights and fight discrimination P.S. I saw right after finishing this text that there is and hate speech (etc.). But there are certain issues a new initiative within the UN to create a Global where you need to think outside the box, maybe Compact for Migration, that looks like its heading question the structures of the parliamentary in the right direction! It’ll be up to our generation system. Like, if the population has changed and is to carry it through, and to fill the world with as unwilling to participate in it. much medmänsklighet (a great Swedish word In Sweden, such a development has taken place. that means ”co-human-ness”) as we possibly can. Yes, our voters’ turnout is still high, and yes, civil society is still thriving (although is not quite Further reading: Statistics from UNHCR properly funded). But the political behaviour ••• of the population is changing: fewer and fewer want to get involved with political parties, which The key to widening the right to asylum is the most active form of participation in the constitutes the third challenge on my list: global parliamentary section of our democracy, yet the cooperation. It is up to our generation to turn young have an increasing interest in politics. back the trend from protectionism toward There are a few interesting studies on the political international love. behaviour of Swedish youth whose results are No, I’m not saying that global cooperation is not being actively discussed in Sweden. A major one happening right now, but what I’m saying is that has been performed by professor of political we need more of it, and that our cooperation is science Erik Amnå, and he found that a majority not growing quickly enough. Rather, in recent of Swedish youth have greater political interest, years, it has seemed that strongman leadership, knowledge and confidence than previous national interests and competition (especially in generations, but when they express themselves the form of militarism) have gained status. I don’t politically they do it in untraditional ways. Instead think we can take a cooperative world order for of joining political parties, they prefer manifesting granted, but a global minded generation like ours political opinions on the internet, through oneshould hopefully want one. And we need one to time involvements like a demonstration, or face the two challenges listed above. The strife of through conscious consumption. If they do join our generation will be to maintain and strengthen a political movement, it is more likely to have global cooperation. Let’s begin by getting active a narrow focus and revolve around a specific on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals political issue than to be founded on an ideology. – together. 36


the time has come, 2018, by Verena Smit

Another study found that 1/3 of Swedish youth are hesitant or unwilling to join a political party because of fear of becoming a target of hatred and threats, mostly through social media. This is something that politicians today have to withstand to an unacceptable extent (especially women and people of color) and is causing selfcensorship among them. There is nothing wrong with the kind of political behaviour shown to be preferred by youth in this study, but it is disturbing that young citizens and citizens in general stay away from involvement in political parties. Involvement in a political party is the most direct way to affect decision-making in a parliamentary democracy. I therefore think it is of fundamental importance that we take a critical look at the system and environment of political parties today, so that the system is welcoming, grows involvement from all citizens in decision making, and houses sustainable conditions for the politically active. Parties need to stand stable and be a continually integral part of democracy.

If you are young, live in a democracy and have a decent idea of where your political compass is pointing, I urge you to consider joining a political party. Democratic stability is in your hands. If you could not or would not join a political party, due to the way the system and climate of political parties are shaped today, then take part in the conversation on how to reinvent democracy. Or if you live somewhere where the conversation isn’t happening – start it! It is probable that we will face many great challenges in our lifetimes, as a generation and as individuals. One way to be proactive about it is to not only think ahead, but to think beyond. Let’s form ourselves a vision, as a generation. What do we want the world to look like in 80 years, when all the challenges of our generation have been faced? What are the fundamental values of our generation that we hope will leave a lasting imprint on the world? What really is positive peace – to us?

International Junior Branch is a great platform There may also be other changes to the for us to answer these questions together, to gain parliamentary system that are necessary, that strength and get prepared to facing our common can help more effectively include and reach out challenges, to get mobilized, to get organized. If to citizens. I’m really interested to hear what parts you ever run into me in CISV (I will be at GloCo!), I of the democratic system function poorly in your would love to hear your reflections on my text and country! to start specify with you what positive peace is to the Millennial/Gen Z generation. Ironically, any change to the current system will probably have to be decided upon by the parties, the establishment in parliament. But as young people, we can lead the way.

Viktor is a Swedish guy who will start his bachelor in Peace and Conflict studies really soon. He was born in 1998 and what he likes the most about his generation are the memes. Surprisingly, what he dislikes the most about his generation are also the memes. ¯ \ _ ("/) _ / ¯ 37


Me vs. my grandparents by Ewa Laskowska

I took a dictionary of the Polish language to find out what Generations means from a scientific point of view. Generations – people or animals born and lived in one period of time. Of course, there are different meanings of Generations, it depends on the context. Generally, people who live in one period of time are connected by the same world history, needs and problems. When I am talking with my grandparents about the world and about the time when they were young, it is shocking how different their point of view is when compared to mine. In the last 50 years the world has changed a lot and people from my country – Poland – see these changes very intensively. Going back to my grandparents and their view on the world, they were focused on learning, working, starting a family and living in their country. On the other hand, when I am talking with my friends and classmates they have a very different point of view. They want to travel, learn useful things, learn languages, meet a love of life, move to different countries. A lot of them get married when they are over 30, in the generations of my grandparents most people got married under 25. I would like to focus on my generation. I was born in 2001. I feel very glad that I can live in this century. People born in the 21st 38

century in a industrialized country can do many things their grandparents could not do, they have access to international things, they can learn new things from the Internet or from people from other countries. Recently, I have talked with my grandmother and my conclusion is that it is very hard for them to understand people of my generation. They say we have so much of everything and they did not have basic things to live because they lived in a different political system. I think that CISV has changed over the years. It was different when it was founded because people were different. It is obvious that the Internet has an influence on CISV, but the main impact have had people. Because of their changes, the world and CISV are being changed. But the main values of CISV are still valid all the time. It can be seen that there has always been a generation gap and it is difficult for different generations to understand one another. It is caused by a very different way of thinking about a lifestyle, the world and priorities. But, at least, despite the differences all generations in a single family are connected by emotions and love.


Ewa is a Polish girl who was born in the begining of the 21st century. She is happy that her generation can enjoy some social conquers such as the independence of her country, the fact that women can vote, being able to travel everywhere and basically try out whatever they want for their lives. On the other hand, she dislikes the fact that even in the 21st century there are still a lot to fight for when it comes to basic Human Rights. She worries about the fact that the world faces an ecological crises and that there are still a lot of serious conflicts going on.

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