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Digital Legacy


The Digital Legacy An Introduction by Dharmachari Kovida



Sleeve Notes



Lectures by Sangharakshita New Releases Descriptions and Titles

10 12


The Mitra Study Course



Sutra and Poetry Readings






Audio Books



How to Order



Dharmachakra Online



Index of titles Order Form

85 90



the digital legacy

In the ancient tradition of Buddhism a man was considered wise not because he had read much (writing was still in a very primitive form) but because he had heard much. Nowadays, we have lost touch with the tradition of sitting at the Master’s feet being taught directly by words of wisdom that spill from his mouth. Most of our information about spiritual matters tends to come from books or journals, but the value of sitting down and listening to someone speaking should never be underestimated. The oral tradition in Buddhism is one that stretches back over 2500 years to the very founder of Buddhism itself – Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. So it should come as no surprise to us that Urgyen Sangharakshita, who learned and studied Buddhism in India, giving thousands of lectures there, should, on his return to the West, use this same traditional method to spread his own unique understanding of the Dharma (the teaching of the Buddha). Urgyen Sangharakshita was born in London in 1925, and realised he was a Buddhist at an early age. After the Second World War he travelled widely across India and was ordained as a Bhikkhu (Buddhist monk), as well as receiving various other teachings and initiations from Indian, Tibetan, and Chinese teachers. During his time in India, based mainly in Kalimpong near the Tibetan border, he lectured and wrote widely on Buddhism, including his book A Survey of Buddhism , which has become something of a classic in its field.

In the early sixties he returned to the UK for the first time in twenty years and saw a need for the Buddha’s teaching. To this end he began to give lectures and run courses and classes on Buddhism. Some of the very early lectures he gave are now preserved by the Digital Legacy project. His strong desire to make the Dharma understandable to people in the West sparked off in Sangharakshita an incredibly creative process. Towards the end of the Sixties he was speaking on a wide range of topics, striving with a clarity and precision of thought to indicate just how applicable Buddhism was for those growing up in the modern West. The impressive list of titles in the Digital Legacy catalogue shows how far-reaching his early thinking was. We can hear him speaking with a sincerity and passion that inspired many to change their life completely, to turn away from the lure of material success and devote their life instead to the practice of Buddhism, to the Way of Wisdom and Compassion. The sound of that inspiration continues today, preserved and communicated through the Digital Legacy. After it had become apparent to Sangharakshita that people in the West were not only eager to hear about Buddhism but also keen to practice it, he set up conditions to help them do so by founding, in 1967, the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO). The following year he ordained the first westerners into the Western Buddhist Order (WBO) and a new Buddhist movement was established.

Since then more and more people have decided to commit themselves wholeheartedly to the Buddhist way of life, and the Western Buddhist Order has grown into an international movement, helping, in the process, to reinvigorate Buddhism in India, the land of its birth, where it is known as the TBM (Trailokya Bauddha Mahasangha). The Friends of the Wester n Buddhist Order encompasses all those who support the principles of the Order but have not yet fully committed themselves to a Buddhist way of life, and now numbers many thousands of people. Nonetheless, many still have their first introduction to Buddhism through hearing Sangharakshita’s voice: his lectures are played and studied at FWBO Centres from Glasgow to Bombay to San Francisco, enabling all those who wish to hear the Dharma the opportunity to listen to a Master’s voice – in this case, the voice of Sangharakshita. This is the simplest indication of the inestimable value of the work being done by Dharmachakra and the Digital Legacy project. Thanks to their efforts we are still able to hear Sangharakshita directly, communicating his insights and his essential translation of the Dharma. These faithfully re-mastered and beautifully presented discs bring the oral tradition of Buddhism alive and into our own homes; they are both a potent symbol of the adaptability of the Buddha’s teachings and a necessary reminder of the timeless relevance and value his Dharma holds for the world today. Dharmachari Kovida, March 2000 CE



sleeve notes

Finding Your Way Around

What Does It Cost?


The Technical Bit

This following pages offer some brief descriptions of the material covered in each lecture. Whilst some of Sangharakshita’s lectures were given as part of a series treating a particular subject, e.g. The Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path (Nos. 47-54), in all series each individual lecture stands alone and can be listened to independently of any other. Where known, we have provided the approximate length of the lecture, the date on which it was delivered, and the numbers of other lectures on related topics. To make a detailed search of all our lectures for a particular theme, try the Dharmachakra website (details on pp.80-81). On the discs themselves, you’ll find that we’ve trackmarked each lecture to make it easier to find specific points – this should help facilitate using the lectures for study purposes. The titles for each track are printed on the inside cover of the CD jewel case.

We have sought in pricing the lectures to ensure that they remain affordable. Many of the lectures run to two discs but we have decided to keep things simple. So, with only two very long, specially-priced exceptions (lectures 161 and 171), whatever title, whatever the length, it will only cost £10. There is also, of course, a range of generous discounts available (see P.79). And look out too for regular special offers on our website!

These recordings are copyrighted to Dharmachakra. Please do not make home copies of any of our CDs that you buy except for your own use (e.g. tape copies for use on a personal stereo are fine). Most FWBO Centres will have a lending library if you wish to hear a lecture you don’t have and are unable to borrow it from a friend or purchase it yourself. Thank you.

All of the recordings in our catalogue are either digitally recorded or, as with all of Sangharakshita’s lectures, digitally re-mastered from the original source-tapes. Please note that all of Sangharakshita’s lectures were either given publicly or to an invited audience, and that none of the recordings were made in a professional studio; as a result, the quality of the original recording is not perfect and, in some cases, quite poor – particularly on older lectures and on some of those given outside the UK. We have marked where specific instances of poor quality were encountered and can be heard on the discs concerned. However, all of the lectures should now be clearly audible and we have tried to preserve as much of the ambience of the original occasion as possible. We hope everyone will enjoy and benefit from the greatly improved sound quality of our new CDs.

£ ©




title subtitle


new releases


One of the best bits about going through an old sound archive to dig out original recordings is that, now and again, you find wee surprises! We unearthed quite a bit of relatively unknown material featuring Sangharakshita, and we hope to be making use of some of it in future new titles which will feature in regular updates to supplement this catalogue. For now though, we’ve decided to add five lectures by Sangharakshita to the previous list.

Lecture 157 India Talk has featured in past catalogues as a footnote only, its absence from the list of available lectures due to poor sound quality (it is incomplete and was almost inaudible). The original recording, it’s true, is not very good, however it is now audible and we thought its historical significance (giving something of the flavour of Sangharakshita’s return to India in 1982) merited its inclusion here.

The first is No. 137, Levels of Going for Refuge , a very important lecture as it was the first occasion on which Sangharakshita drew together his thinking about this crucial area for Buddhist practice. It also features as part of the revised Mitra Study Course.

The Next Twenty Years (lecture 170) is a fascinating lecture, previously only available to members of the Western Buddhist Order. It was given on WBO Day in 1988 on the 20th anniversary of the Order’s foundation and sees Sangharakshita reflecting in intimate, impromptu mood on impermanence and his own thoughts and hopes for the future.

Given in 1979, Padmasambhava Talk (lecture. 151) has achieved near-mythical status in some quarters as a ‘bootleg’ talk by Sangharakshita. It was, rather famously, given off-the-cuff at the London Buddhist Centre and has previously been left out of Dharmachakra catalogues. We hope you’ll enjoy the chance now to hear Sangharakshita’s stirring evocation of the great Tantric Guru of Tibet.

Our last addition, Fifteen Points for Old and New Order Members (lecture 180), was one of Sangharakshita’s earliest (and still growing) list of ‘Fifteen Points’ lectures (See also 182 & 192). It was delivered on the 25th anniversary of the WBO and his lively exhortations to his fellow Order members is of relevance to anyone who takes the practice of Buddhism seriously in the modern West.

In addition to the above, we are also able to include lectures 187 to 195, all delivered since the last edition of our catalogue. And finally, news of one very special new release: S01 Readings from the Pali Canon Read by Sangharakshita


Specially commissioned to celebrate the Digital Legacy project, and read by a man steeped in the best aspects of the Buddhist tradition, these beautiful readings are taken from the oldest texts and evoke the real spirit of early Buddhism – the struggles, the joys and the triumphs of ordinary people who followed the path to Truth. Recommended for the Mitra Study Course. With booklet and presentation slipcase. 75 minutes. £10

1968 series 1-3 introducing the three jewels of buddhism 1

Who is the Buddha?

55 min After an account of the Buddha’s life, Sangharakshita asks how, if at all, such a man can be defined or categorised. 2


The Meaning of the Dharma

55 min Dharma is the experience of reality, and also the expression of that experience in the form of the Buddha’s teaching, especially the law of conditionality. It is the raft that carries you to Enlightenment, the further shore; it is whatever helps you to develop spiritually. 3

The Sangha or Buddhist Community

60 min The Sangha exists on spiritual, ecclesiastical and social levels. Members of the purely spiritual or Noble Sangha have all broken some of the ten fetters, which are explained in the lecture. Please note that the details concerning ordination in the WBO are now out of date. (See also lectures 137 and 154.) N.B. Poor original recording.


The Heights and Depths in the Spiritual Life


Buddhism and the Bishop of Woolwich

50 min Under the influence of ‘cyclic’ conditionality, we oscillate between opposite factors, particularly between our conscious ‘heights’ and our unconscious ‘depths’. In the spiritual life, it is vital that we integrate the depths and transform ourselves in the light of the heights. N.B. Poor original recording.

1965 In commenting on Honest to God by John 55 min Robinson, then Bishop of Woolwich, Sangharakshita considers the Bishop’s thinking on the issues of God’s existence, Christ, and prayer. The Bishop raises problems to which Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, has already found solutions. N.B. Poor original recording.



The Nature and Development of Buddhism

55 min Amidst the complexity of Buddhist teachings, we can discern a distinctive essence lying behind the various historical forms which developed to convey the Buddha’s oral message.

Buddhism and the New Reformation 13

1966 Both Christianity and Buddhism have been 80 min reformed more than once. Bishop John Robinson’s proposals for Christian Reformation may shed some light on how Buddhism should be presented in the West. N.B. Poor original recording. 8

Introducing Buddhism

1966 In a talk delivered to teacher-training 70 min students, Sangharakshita tells the story of the Buddha’s life, shows that there is no place for God in Buddhism, and explains the Noble Eightfold Path to Enlightenment. An excellent general introduction to Buddhism. N.B. Poor original recording.

‘65-66 series 9-12 the meaning of conversion in buddhism In Buddhism, conversion means the progressive reorientation of one’s life in such a way that all its aspects are helping work towards the attainment of Enlightenment. As such, conversion is not a once-only affair, but represents the total transformation of unenlightened into Enlightened man. These four lectures introduce different dimensions of that transformation.


Going for Refuge


Stream Entry

85 min

The endless round of the Wheel of Life can be halted by treading the spiral path to Enlightenment, represented by the twelve positive links. Progress becomes irreversible once Stream Entry is achieved by breaking three of the ten fetters. (See also lectures 80 and 139.) N.B. Poor original recording, deterioration on final track (text included with inlay).


The Arising of the Bodhichitta

50 min

Two trends are discernible in spiritual life: withdrawing from the world and compassion for it. The arising of the Bodhichitta or ‘Will to Enlightenment’ resolves this paradox. (See also lecture 66.)

1965 series 13-16 the essence of zen Unfortunately, the recording of the introductory lecture has been lost. It showed how Zen is a branch of Mahayana Buddhism, and corrected several misunderstandings about Zen still current in the West. Each of the remaining four lectures (of variable sound quality) takes for its title a line from a famous verse of Zen poetry.


A Special Transmission Outside the Scriptures

60 min

The scope of Buddhist scriptures and the fourfold nature of the transmission of Buddhist Teaching is described, followed by a working definition of Zen.


No Dependence on Words or Letters

46 min

Some things we know from experience, some things we apprehend only at secondhand. In confusing these two, we miss the essence of Zen.

14 66 min

The essential act that makes one a Buddhist is Going for Refuge to the Three Jewels: the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. Then one’s life begins to centre on spiritual, not mundane values. (See also lectures 137 and 152.) N.B. Poor original recording.


The Turning About in the Deepest Seat of Consciousness

50 min

The ‘turning about’ or paravrtti is described in the Yogachara school of Buddhism in terms of the transformation of the eight ordinary kinds of consciousness into the five Transcendental Wisdoms of the Buddhas. (See also lecture 42.) N.B. Poor original recording.


A Direct Pointing (to the Mind of Man)

49 min

What is the mind? What is projection? What higher states of mind are accessible? Zen challenges us to look directly within our own minds to find out.


Seeing Into One’s Own Nature and Realising Buddhahood

39 min

With illustrations from the Surangamasamadhi Sutra, here are some hints on where and how to find our True Mind.


1966 series 17-30 introducing buddhism A simple yet thorough guide to the essential principles of Buddhism, which can so often be obscured in discussion by detail and complexity. This excellent series has a consistently practical emphasis, leading from a consideration of the unique value of Buddhism (17-20) to an introduction to the Three Jewels: the Buddha (21-23, recorded when the lectures were repeated in 1979), Dharma (24-27) and Sangha (28-30).

The Approach to Buddhism

50 min Sangharakshita points out possible potentially misleading assumptions concerning Buddhism, and describes three principal avenues to a practical spiritual life. 20

Buddhism In England

60 min After defining what religion essentially is, Sangharakshita concludes that a religious life is for the minority who wish to follow the path of higher evolution.

75 min After a brief historical survey of Buddhism in England, Sangharakshita stresses the importance of spiritual community and concludes with some thoughts on the potential impact of Buddhism on English culture. Note: this lecture was given befor e the foundation of the Western Buddhist Order. (See also lectures 7, 141, 166.)



17 16


Is Religion Necessary?

Why Buddhism?

60 min Many religious and non-religious ‘sources of authority’ are available; Buddhism, however, does not see itself in such terms and adopts a fresh approach for those seeking spiritual guidance. N.B. Poor original recording.

Evolution: Lower and Higher

50 min The familiar principle of evolution provides the broadest possible context for Buddhism and its various doctrines; and Buddhism, in turn, reveals the far-reaching implications of the principle itself. (See also series 75-82, 83-90.)



The Buddha: Man or Superman?

50 min A discussion of the importance of the leadership of the true genius or hero as pioneer of higher evolution. (See also lectures 82, 112, 113.) 23


65 min A lecture dealing with the three marks (lakshanas) of conditioned existence and their transcendence via the three liberations (vimokshas). N.B. Brief loss of sound. (See also lecture 47.)

The Buddha, God, and Reality 26


60 min Having considered Buddhism (in the two lectures previous) in terms of process in time, and the Buddha himself as a historical figure, Sangharakshita now uses stories and quotations from the scriptures to show that the Buddha and reality are ultimately outside time. (See also lecture 72.) 24

The Dynamics of Being

65 min An explanation of the twelve links of conditioned co-production (nidanas), and how Faith (shraddha) arises in dependence on unsatisfactoriness (dukkha). N.B. Last few words missing. (See also lecture 41.) Note

The Texture of Reality

Unfortunately, there is no recording of the preceding lecture, ‘The Analysis of Man’, which dealt with the five skandhas.


80 min Practising Buddhism (so much harder than understanding it) involves breaking the chain of the twelve negative links, or nidanas, by moving onto the spiral path, here described in its twelve stages. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lectures 41, 79, 184.)

Nirvana 29

45 min Attitudes connected with goal-seeking and problem-solving are at the root of misunderstandings about the nature of Nirvana, which many consider to be Buddhism’s ‘goal’. Sangharakshita challenges us to investigate our real motives for wanting to know what Nirvana is. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lecture 119.) 27

The Stages of the Spiritual Path

The Mystery of the Void

50 min “Not just a myster y, but a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma ” – the spiritual and transcendental experience of shunyata, the ‘Void’. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lectures 47, 73, 148.)

The Spiritual Community

70 min The nature of the Buddhist spiritual community and why it is so essential to spiritual life. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lectures 3, 89, 91, 122, 133, 142, 152.) 30

The Pattern of Buddhist Life and Work

70 min An outline of everyday Buddhist spiritual practice in the framework of the five Spiritual Faculties (contrasted with the five Yogas of Hinduism). Is such a life possible in the West? (See also lectures 51, 129, 134.)



Mind: Reactive and Creative

1967 First given in the year of the FWBO’s 80 min foundation, this is a brilliant and accessible approach to the essence of Buddhism. Sangharakshita shows that Buddhism starts with the mind. Mind can be reactive, symbolised by the Tibetan Wheel of Life, or creative, as when one progressively follows the Seven Factors of Enlightenment, described here in detail. (See also lecture 103.) 32


Meditation: the Expanding Consciousness

1967 A traditional exposition of Buddhist 80 min meditation looking at why we meditate; preparation for meditation; the five meditation practices designed to counteract the five mental poisons; and the three stages of meditation. (See also lectures 54, 114, 121, 135.)

Karma and Rebirth


20 1970 Karma and rebirth are two of the most 120 min widely known teachings connected with Indian spiritual and philosophical teaching, yet they are often profoundly misunderstood. This is an excellent introduction to the Buddhist perspective. Karma, operating on the ethical level, is only one of five forms of conditionality. How then does it work? And what happens after death? (See also lectures 44 and 107.)


The Stages of the Spiritual Path (Reprised)

65 min A detailed explanation, significantly different from that given in lecture 28, of the twelve positive links (nidanas) of the spiral path leading to Enlightenment. (See lecture 182.)

series 35-39 ritual and devotion in buddhism



For many Westerners the philosophy of Buddhism has great appeal, but some ar e disconcerted to find a strong emphasis on ritual and devotion in all forms of Buddhism. Devotional practices are encouraged in the FWBO, and this useful collection of lectures and recordings of devotional ceremonies (not a formal series) illustrate why this is.


Poetry and Devotion in Buddhism


1967 The central problem of spiritual life is the 60 min mobilisation of our emotional energies, so that what we know can be put into practice. Energies may be blocked, wasted or too coarse, and the Buddhist puja takes us through a series of devotional moods to help liberate them. 36

The Psychology of Buddhist Ritual

1968 People often dismiss all ritual as irrational, 65 min yet it is universal in traditional Buddhism. The psychoanalyst Eric Fromm’s definition, ‘shared action, expressive of common strivings, rooted in common values’ is analysed to show the value of Buddhist ritual.

Buddhism and the Language of Myth

75 min Buddhism is the most rational of religions. But it appeals no less to the heart than to the head, using the language of myth to do so. Here, examples of four ‘myths’ from the Buddha’s biography are correlated with four of Jung’s archetypes. (See also lecture 43.) The FWBO Sevenfold Puja With Chanting

65 min The Sevenfold Puja in English, led by Sangharakshita, including recitation of the refuges and precepts in Pali, the Heart Sutra in English, and chanting of the Avalokitesvara, Padmasambhava and other mantras. (recorded at the WBO men’s ordination retreat, 1986.) Also features recitation by Sangharakshita of the Tiratana Vandana, Blessings, Mangala Sutta, Karaniyametta Sutta, and Ratana Sutta (all in Pali), and the Heart Sutra in Sanskrit. 39

A Western Buddhist Order Ordination Ceremony

51 min Conducted by Sangharakshita, with full explanation. Also features a Sevenfold Puja with readings from the Dhammapada.


1967 series 40-46 aspects of buddhist psychology


Both Buddhism and modern psychology ar e concerned with the human mind. In this fascinating series, given at a time when there was much interest in ‘crossfertilisation’ between western and eastern thought on the subject, Sangharakshita initiates a dialogue between the two systems.


The Analytical Psychology of the Abhidharma


The Depth Psychology of the Yogachara

75 min The Yogachara School of Indian Mahayana Buddhism and its doctrine of Mind-only (Chittamatra) crucially influenced the development of Zen. Here the doctrine is related to subjective and absolute idealism in Western philosophy. (See also lecture 12.) Archetypal Symbolism in the Biography of the Buddha



75 min According to Tibetan tradition, in the bardo, an ‘intermediate state’, we are free for an instant from the endless round of birth and death. The Tibetan book of the Dead (Bardo Thodol) describes six of these opportunities for escape from reactivity: the bardos of life, dreams, meditation, the moment of death, reality and rebirth. (See also lecture 107.) 45

70 min The Abhidharma systems classified the mind and world in terms of real, irreducible elements. Sangharakshita explains the Theravada school’s analysis of mind and the Sarvastivada school’s list of mental concomitants. 41

The Psychology of Spiritual Development

80 min A discussion of the law of conditionality and its two trends, represented by the twelve links on the Wheel of Life and the twelve links of the spiral path to Enlightenment.

75 min The human psyche is partly conscious and partly unconscious. To understand the content of our unconscious depths, we must be receptive to the non-rational language of archetypal symbolism. The lecture looks at four incidents in the Buddha’s life and their archetypal significance. (See also lecture 37.)

Psycho-Spiritual Symbolism In the Tibetan Book of the Dead

The Mandala: Tantric Symbol of Integration

65 min The Tantras are the scriptures of Vajrayana Buddhism, and they frequently refer to mandalas, circles of symbolic forms. Sangharakshita describes the mandala of the five Buddhas, a symbol of spiritual integration, and the meaning of its sexual symbolism. (See also lecture 110.) 46

Zen and the Psychotherapeutic Process

65 min An investigation of the goals of religion and psychotherapy, using a verse of Zen poetry to identify areas of common approach. (See also series 13-16, and lectures 87 and 117.)


1968 series 47-54 the buddha’s noble eightfold path One of Sangharakshita’s most popular lecture series. Each lecture covers a separate ‘limb’ of the Noble Eightfold Path, drawing out its practical significance for everyday life in the modern world. (See also lecture 185.) 47


The Nature of Existence: Right Understanding


The Ideal of Human Communication: Right Speech

55 min Language distinguishes humanity from the animals, and speech is accorded considerable spiritual significance in Buddhism. Sangharakshita explains the progressive path of truthful, affectionate, helpful, and harmonious speech, culminating in perfect communication. (See lecture 149.)


The Ideal Society: Right Livelihood

65 min Buddhism stands for the creation of an ideal society as well as ideal individuals; a society in which it is easier for individuals to grow and develop, a society based on spiritual and ethical principles. This lecture considers the substantial effect our work has on us, and applies the Buddha’s teaching to work today. (See also lectures 129 and 134.)


Levels of Awareness: Right Mindfulness

75 min Forgetfulness and distraction are the rule in ordinary life, but awareness and a ‘fullness of mind’ is at the heart of human growth and development. Sangharakshita distinguishes four dimensions of awareness, each with its own qualities: awareness of things, self, others, and reality. (See also lecture 84.)

60 min The Eightfold Path is divided into Paths of Vision and of Transformation. Sangharakshita illustrates how ‘Perfect Vision’ can arise, and concludes by showing how Buddhists have communicated their vision of reality in conceptual and imaginative terms. (See also lecture 132.) 48

Reason and Emotion in the Spiritual Life: Right Resolve

85 min We all need to find emotional equivalents to our intellectual understandings if our spiritual practice is to progress. The lecture outlines the positive emotions stressed in Buddhism, and concludes with a brief explanation of the stages of the Sevenfold Puja. (See also lecture 35.)



The Principles of Ethics: Right Action

55 min How can we decide between right and wrong? The Eastern criterion of ethics is psychological rather than theological: ethical behaviour is said to express higher orders of awareness. This lecture explains the Five Silas (ethical principles), the basic Buddhist precepts. (See also lecture 161.)


The Conscious Evolution of Man: Right Effort

75 min Discussing the evolution of consciousness, this lecture explains that at the stage of reflexive consciousness, deliberate effort is required for any further progress. ‘Perfect Effort’ is fourfold: preventing and eradicating the unskilful, and cultivating and maintaining the skilful. (See also series 75-82, 83-90.)


Samadhi, the Higher Consciousness: Right Meditation

65 min As the culmination of the Eightfold Path to Nirvana, Samadhi here is not just meditation, but establishment in Enlightenment. Intermediate between this state and meditation as tranquillity ( samatha) are the samapatti experiences. Sangharakshita discusses all three as stages in higher consciousness.

1968 series 55-62 an introduction to tibetan buddhism 55

How Buddhism Came to Tibet

70 min The lecture describes the introduction of Buddhism into Tibet in the 7th century, and the extraordinary events which culminated in its firm establishment by the eleventh century. (See also lectures 111 and 151.) 56


The Dalai Lama: His Reincarnations

65 min Sangharakshita describes the life of Tsongkhapa and the foundation of the Gelukpa School, and places the Dalai Lamas and Panchen Lamas in their historical context. N.B. Last few words missing. 58

Symbols of Tibetan Buddhist Art

80 min Every aspect of traditional Tibetan life is infused with religious significance, not least architecture and iconographical painting. 60

The Four Foundation Yogas of the Tibetan Buddhist Tantra


Breaking Through into Buddhahood

1969 At times in the spiritual life we may need 85 min considerable energy to overcome obstacles such as negative emotions, psychological conditionings, rational thinking, and even the sense of ‘time’ itself. How, when, and where can we break through?

The Schools of Tibetan Buddhism

90 min A general introduction to three of the four major Schools of Tibetan Buddhism: Nyingmapa, Kargyupa, and Sakyapa. 57


Monks and Laymen in Buddhist Tibet

80 min Here the four indispensable preparatory practices (mula-yogas) of the Vajrayana devotee are outlined: the Going for Refuge and Prostration practice, the Development of the Bodhichitta practice, the Vajrasattva practice and the offering of the Mandala. 61

95 min This lecture gives an outline of Tibetan meditation in the context of the five stages common to all Buddhist meditation systems, and concludes with a description of the Green Tara visualisation practice. 62

95 min How orthodox is the Tibetan monastic tradition? This lecture explains the grades of seniority among Tibetan monks, their dayto-day life, and their interaction with the laity. (See also lecture 92.)

Tibetan Buddhist Meditation

The Future of Tibetan Buddhism

95 min The Chinese occupation has had enormous effects on Tibetan Buddhism. What futur e does it have, and what can Western Buddhists learn from its unique heritage?


The Heroic Ideal in Buddhism

1969 Buddhism is sometimes seen as weak or 65 min negative. Using examples from the Pali Canon and Mahayana texts, this lectur e shows that, on the contrary, heroic and positive qualities are essential in the Buddhist spiritual aspirant’s quest for Enlightenment. (See also lecture 169.)


1969 series 65-72 aspects of the bodhisattva ideal This series investigates in a direct and practical manner the quest for Supreme Enlightenment for the benefit of all living beings.



The Origin and Development of the Bodhisattva Ideal

60 min The Bodhisattva ideal was emphasized by those among the early Buddhists who considered that they could learn from the Buddha’s life and activity as well as from the doctrines he taught; from his compassion as well as from his wisdom.


70 min “May I deliver all beings from difficulties; may I eradicate all passions; may I master all dharmas; may I lead all beings to Buddhahood.” This is the Bodhisattva’s resolve upon the awakening of the Bodhi Heart. 68

The Awakening of the Bodhi Heart

70 min How do you become a Bodhisattva? Upon the Awakening of the Bodhi Heart (Bodhichitt-otpada). This lecture defines the Bodhichitta, and describes how one can prepare for its arising through the observance of Shantideva’s Supreme Worship and Vasubhandu’s Four Factors.

Altruism and Individualism in the Spiritual Life

90 min The Bodhisattva reconciles the apparent antithesis between the interests of others and of self by practising the first two of the six Perfections: dana (giving) and sila (uprightness). 69


The Bodhisattva Vow

‘Masculinity’ and ‘Femininity’ in the Spiritual Life

90 min The third and fourth Perfections are ksanti (tolerance or spiritual receptivity) and virya (energy in pursuit of the good). So the Bodhisattva integrates ‘feminine’ and ‘masculine’ qualities in a perfect union.


On the Threshold of Enlightenment

85 min This lecture describes dhyana (meditation), and prajna (Wisdom), the fifth and sixth perfections. 71

The Bodhisattva Hierarchy

85 min After a full explanation of the importance of being receptive to those more developed than ourselves, we are introduced to the ten stages (bhumis) of the Bodhisattva path and to the four principal types of Bodhisattva who embody this path. 72

The Buddha and the Bodhisattva: Eternity and Time

60 min In this lecture we are given a glimpse of the very mysterious and paradoxical nature of Enlightenment: can the Eternal be reached by following a path in time?


The Heart Sutra

1967 The Heart Sutra conveys Perfect Wisdom in 75 min its most terse form, yet is still a profoundly beautiful text. Sangharakshita explains its dramatic structure and leads us through its mysterious content. 74

The Diamond Sutra

1969 If one does not want to ‘get caught in the 70 min grip of reality’, one should leave this great text alone! The Perfection of Wisdom Discourse that ‘Cuts Like a Diamond’.


1969 series 75-82 the higher evolution of man Evolution is perhaps the most important concept in modern thought. Sangharakshita uses it here to convey the timeless truths that Buddhism seeks to communicate: each human being’s innate potential for achieving Enlightenment, and the means by which this can be done. (See also lecture 21) 75


Evolution: Lower and Higher

55 min The origins of humanity may be sought in the lower evolution. The further development of human consciousness is an altogether higher kind of evolution... 76

The Axial Age and the Emergence of the New Man

65 min It was during what the philosopher Karl Jaspers called the Axial Age that ‘New Men’ emerged as pioneers of higher evolution. In this lecture, Sangharakshita explores Jaspers’ ideas and sees what relevance they hold for practising Buddhists today.


Art and the Spiritual Life


80 min ‘Art is the organisation of sensuous impressions that express the artist’s sensibility and communicate to his audience a sense of values that can transform their lives.’ Using his own definition, Sangharakshita investigates the relevance of art and the artist to higher evolution.


Religion: Ethnic and Universal

100 min After an account of the reasons for the disappearance of Buddhism from India, the chief characteristics of the world’s ethnic and universal religions are described. (See also lecture 136.) 79

Buddhism as the Path of the Higher Evolution

95 min In answering the question ‘What is Buddhism?’, Sangharakshita identifies higher evolution – the development of higher states of consciousness – with the twelve links in the progressive trend of the Buddha’s teaching of conditioned coproduction.

Stream Entry: The Point of No Retur n

85 min For most people, continual spiritual effort is required to counteract the ‘gravitational pull’ of conditioned existence. However, there is a point beyond which the Transcendental becomes the dominant influence, and one has ‘entered the stream’. The lecture locates this point on the path of ethics, meditation and Wisdom, and describes how Stream Entry can be achieved by breaking the first three fetters that bind us to the mundane. (See also lectures 10 and 139.) 81

The Cosmic Significance of the Bodhisattva Ideal

95 min Having briefly recapitulated the main points of the series on the Bodhisattva Ideal (lectures 65-72), Sangharakshita illustrates the grandeur of the Bodhisattva spirit. 82

Buddhism, Nietzsche, and ‘The Superman’

100 min As a further parallel between Buddhism and modern Western thought, Sangharakshita here looks at the controversial ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche.


1970 series 83-90 aspects of the higher evolution of the individual Following on from his previous series, Sangharakshita focuses here on the spiritual development of the individual human being, paying special attention to particular existential problems and misunderstandings that can arise in the course of our efforts to ‘evolve’. 83


50 min Tackling such terms as self, I, individual, and ego, Sangharakshita reveals that each can have both a positive and a negative connotation. What is the self, and how can we cultivate true Individuality?

60 min Higher evolution consists in the development of mind from simple consciousness to selfconsciousness, Transcendental consciousness, and Absolute consciousness. This is a useful, concise summary of points from the previous series. 84


The Problem of Human Relationships

65 min Sangharakshita presents us with a number of cases of personal relationships from his experience, and draws conclusions about the importance of healthy relationships for individual development.(See also lecture 93.)

How Consciousness Evolves 86


Individuality, True and False

From Alienated Awareness to Integrated Awareness

70 min Outlining four dimensions of awareness, Sangharakshita defines the difference between alienated and integrated awareness, and describes how alienated awareness can arise and how integrated awareness can be cultivated. (See also lecture 53.)

The Question of Psychological Types

90 min Knowing yourself is an important step in self-development. This lecture introduces a number of Western and Eastern classifications of psychological types and discusses their implications in the choice of techniques of self-development. 87

Meditation Versus Psychotherapy

65 min What are meditation and psychotherapy? In this lecture Sangharakshita appeals for a synthesis between the two approaches. (See also lectures 46 and 117.)


The Individual and the Spiritual Community

90 min As one of the Three Jewels the Sangha, or Spiritual Community, is given a place of supreme importance in Buddhism. Why is it so crucial, and how does it differ from an ordinary group or a power structure? How do we join one? (See also lectures 29, 122, 137.)



Is a Guru Necessary?

90 min In this excellent lecture Sangharakshita first establishes what a guru is not. He then explains what kind of relationship a disciple has with a guru or spiritual teacher, and draws a distinction between Eastern and Western attitudes towards spiritual teachers. (See also lectures 106 and 176.) 91

The Individual, the Group, and the Community

1971 “A Spiritual Community consists of 80 min Individuals; a group does not consist of Individuals.” What is individuality? How can an ordinary group support our efforts to transcend the group?


The Lamas of Tibet

56 min This lecture considers spiritual teachers in the Tibetan tradition within the framework of the principle of spiritual hierarchy in the Spiritual Community. (See also lecture 58.) 93

The Buddha’s Philosophy of Personal Relations

70 min The principle of non-exploitation not only underlies relations between the traditional Sangha and laity, but is also essential in relationships of all kinds, such as those between employer and employee, husband and wife, friend and friend, and so on. (See also lecture 88.) 94

Evolution or Extinction: Current World Problems – a Buddhist View

1971 Sangharakshita outlines his view of the 80 min historical background to current world problems. World problems, he says, are essentially problems within and between groups, and can only be solved by people either withdrawing support from groups or influencing them positively; and by people gaining independence and strength from Spiritual Communities. (See also lectures 136 and 162.)


1971 series 95-102 parables, myths & symbols of mahayana buddhism in the white lotus sutra 96

The Drama of Cosmic Enlightenment

100 min After considering the Sutra’s history and the meaning of its title, Sangharakshita provides an explanation of its dramatic structure, and the significance of certain details. 97

Transcending the Human Predicament

80 min In the Parable of the Burning House, we are reminded of the importance of ‘the call of the Divine’. The significance of the parable is then discussed under the headings of escapism, universalism and sectarianism.



“The White Lotus Sutra is not only a religious classic, but a masterpiece of symbolic spiritual literature.” Sangharakshita Reference for these lectures: Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, translated by L. Hurvitz (Columbia University Press).


The Universal Perspective of Mahayana Buddhism

85 min Sangharakshita explores the contrast between Hinayana (‘Little Vehicle’) and Mahayana (‘Great Vehicle’) Buddhism. He outlines the path of the Mahayana, its historical roots and its principal scriptures, particularly the White Lotus Sutra. (See also lecture 65.)

The Myth of the Return Journey

80 min The Parable of the Return Journey has a theme which resonates with similar stories in world literature. Here its elements are related to the personal quest for meaning. 99

Symbols of Life and Growth

80 min The Parables of the Rain Cloud, and the Sun and Moon, both tell us that spiritual development is an organic process of growth, and that the Dharma nourishes all impartially, though people develop differently.


Five Element Symbolism and the Stupa

85 min What is ‘The Stupa of Abundant Treasures’ in The White Lotus Sutra? Sangharakshita explains the origins of the Buddhist stupa, and its connections with the five elements and the balance of ‘yin’ and ‘yang’. (See also lecture 104.) 101

The Jewel in the Lotus

90 min The Sutra includes the story of a drunkard who is shown a jewel tied in his clothing. It also introduces us to the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara., whose well-known mantra ‘Om Mani Padme Hum’ reveals a key principle of the story and the Sutra itself 102

The Archetype of the Divine Healer

90 min The Divine Healer, identifiable in Egyptian and Greek myths, also appears in the White Lotus Sutra as both the Medicine Buddha and the Good Physician. In the Parable of the Good Physician, he leaves his sons to cure themselves...


1972 series 103-110 creative symbols of the tantric path to enlightenment A vivid and exciting exploration of some of the symbols of Vajrayana (Tantric) Buddhism, the phase of Buddhism concerned especially with direct experience. 103

The Symbolism of the Tibetan Wheel of Life

90 min The Wheel of Life, described here in all its wealth of detail, is not really a painting but a mirror, giving you successively more profound insights into yourself, and revealing the next step in escaping the endless round. 40



The Symbolism of the Sacred Thunderbolt or Diamond Sceptre of the Lamas

85 min The vajra (Diamond Thunderbolt) symbolises the union of opposites and the ‘power’ that breaks through all obstacles to Enlightenment. The vajra came to represent reality itself, so that Tantric Buddhism is also known as the Vajrayana, or path of reality. N.B. This recording has a few minutes of poor sound quality.


The Symbolism of the Cremation Ground and the Celestial Maidens

90 min Are we ready to face our own death and the total transformation it symbolises? Here Sangharakshita describes the practice of the Ten Stages of the Decomposition of the Corpse, the Mandala of the Eight Cremation Grounds and the Dakinis who dance there. 108

The Symbolism of Offerings and Self-Sacrifice

105 min In this lecture we are shown how the symbolism of ritual offerings originated in the Hinayana and Mahayana, and later flowered with the Tantric offerings, particularly the offering of the Mandala.

The Tantric Symbolism of the Stupa

110 min Revered by Buddhists from earliest times, the stupa is here explained in terms of the five elements, the ‘Vase of Initiation’, and the ‘Flaming Drop’. (See also lecture 100.)



The Symbolism of the Cosmic Refuge Tree and the Archetypal Guru

105 min Revealing the Three Esoteric Refuges of Tantric Buddhism, this lecture then describes the practices of Prostration and Guru-Yoga. (See also lecture 90.)

The Symbolism of Colours and Mantric Sound

95 min In this lecture Sangharakshita explores the rich symbolic significance of colour and sound, highlighting their role as crucial agents of transformation. The lecture concludes with a brief introduction to the figure of Manjughosha, the Bodhisattva of Wisdom.


The Symbolism of the Five Buddhas, ‘Male’ and ‘Female’

95 min The Buddha was born as we are born and, through his achievement, symbolises human Enlightenment as a possibility for us all. But the Buddha is also said to have three ‘bodies’ (trikaya), and one of these bodies multiplies in Tantric Buddhism into numerous symbolic forms, notably the five Buddhas of the Mandala. Sangharakshita explores...



Padmasambhava: Tantric Guru of Tibet

1972 Padmasambhava, often known as the 80 min ‘Second Buddha’, is famous for converting the demons of Tibet. In this lecture we are given a brief biography of Padmasambhava and an outline of the progressive Nyingmapa practices attributed to him. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lecture 151.) 112 42

The Way to Enlightenment

1972 In a lecture to celebrate the anniversary of 90 min the Buddha’s Enlightenment, Sangharakshita tells the story of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha-to-be, up to the time of his Enlightenment, drawing out the significance of some of the key events. N.B. 3 episodes missing from original recording. 113

The New Man Speaks

1971 This lecture celebrates the anniversary of the 70 min Buddha’s decision to teach, with an account of the events just after his Enlightenment.


The Word of the Buddha

1972 This lecture describes the various levels on 85 min which Enlightened Consciousness seeks to communicate itself to those who ar e unenlightened. 115

The Meaning of Parinirvana

1972 A lecture celebrating the anniversary of the 90 min Parinirvana or ‘death’ of the Buddha. It outlines six basic meditation practices crucial to the attainment of the ‘Deathless’: Enlightenment. N.B. Last few words missing. (See also lecture 135.) 116

The Buddha’s Philosophy of Right Speech

50 min The lecture takes us through the four positive and progressive speech precepts, and is a statement of what rigorous spiritual practice really entails. (See also lectures 49 and 149.)

1975 series 120-122 human enlightenment 117

Buddhism and Psychoanalysis

70 min Investigating the relationship between basic Buddhism and the principles of the major schools of psychoanalysis, Sangharakshita concludes that though there is much in common, psychoanalysis is limited in its understanding of human potential, often seeking only to return patients to ‘normality’. (See also lectures 46 and 87.) 118

The Path of Regular and the Path of Irregular Steps

44 1974 Reading books, sporadic meditation, flitting 92 min to new teachers, picking at the profusion of goodies in the ‘transcendental sweet shop’ – this does give some experience of Buddhism, but eventually leads to stagnation. A path of regular steps starts with Going for Refuge to the ideals of Buddhism, and then pursues ethics, meditation, and Wisdom as natural steps in spiritual growth.


Enlightenment as Experience and as Non-Experience

These three lectures, given in New Zealand, provide a clear, concise and jargon-free introduction to the essence of Buddhism: the ideal of Enlightenment, meditation as the way to that ideal, and the free association of committed individuals as the best context in which to pursue the ideal.

1975 Exposing a modern disease of frustrated 90 min craving for experience, Sangharakshita shows how spiritual life is better seen in more concrete ways: as growth, work, and duty. 120

The Ideal of Human Enlightenment

65 min What is the ideal human being? This lecture introduces the ideal of human Enlightenment as an ideal springing from one’s true nature and deepest yearnings. 121

What Meditation Really Is

85 min Meditation comprises all those methods that raise one’s level of consciousness and transform one’s life by acting directly on the mind itself. N.B. Very poor recording 122

The Meaning of Spiritual Community

75 min Who are the members of the spiritual community? Where is the spiritual community to be found? What do the members of the spiritual community do for themselves, for one another, and for the world?


1976 series 123-130 transformation of life and world in the sutra of golden light Attempting to enter the rich, colourful world of a Mahayana Sutra without guidance can be a disorientating and baffling experience. Sangharakshita here shows how one of the most popular of Mahayana Sutras takes as its theme the idea of transformation, approaching it with the use of both concepts and images. N.B. Reference for these lectures: The Sutra of Golden Light , translated by R.E. Emmerick (Pali Text Society, London, 1970). 123

The Growth of a Mahayana Sutra

46 80 min Sangharakshita introduces the universal perspectives and historical precedents which form the basis of the sutra, and offers a brief résumé of its contents. 124

The Bodhisattva’s Dream

85 min The Bodhisattva Ruchiraketu dreams of a golden drum radiating golden light which fills a totally transformed world...


The Spiritual Significance of Confession

90 min “And there he saw a man beating that drum. Then from the sound of the drum he heard these confessional verses.” This lecture establishes the importance of the spiritual practice of confession and concludes with a description of the Bodhisattva Vajrasattva.


75 min We seek happiness, but often we find that our desires and aspirations are in conflict. This struggle and its resolution are symbolically portrayed in the sutra by the figures of the Monk and Drdha, the EarthGoddess. 129


Buddhist Economics

The Protectors of the Dharma

70 min Indian cosmology provides the glorious mythological figures who are the chief actors in the sutra. In this lecture we meet the Four Great Kings, who promise to protect the sutra. They symbolise the world’s need for transcendental nourishment, and the Transcendental’s ‘need’ for a channel of communication with the world. 127

Nature, Man, and Enlightenment

Buddhism and Culture

80 min By looking at the figure of Sarasvati, the Indian Goddess of Culture, as she appears in the Sutra of Golden Light, Sangharakshita illustrates how it is only possible to change the world fundamentally when we are receptive to the influence of higher spiritual dimensions.

80 min This lecture lays down the principles underlying the creation and use of wealth, and explores the principles of generosity and right livelihood as signified by the Goddess Sri’s promise to give everything needed for spiritual life. (See also lecture 51.) 130

The Moral Order and Its Upholders

85 min Chapter 12 of the Sutra concerns divine kingship, setting out the origins and duties of those who govern. The emergent theme is that the social order should also be a moral order in which people take responsibility for their actions and the consequences of their actions.


1976 series 131-134 buddhism for today and tomorrow One of Sangharakshita’s main concerns in founding the FWBO was to revive the fundamental teachings of the Buddha, making them relevant to modern Western life. In doing so, the FWBO has four things to offer to the modern man and woman.



A Method of Personal Development

90 min In Buddhism, the method par excellence is meditation, and Sangharakshita describes the superconscious states (characterised in turn by integration, inspiration, permeation, and radiation), the practice of developing universal friendliness, and the distinction between calm and Insight.


1978 three lectures to order members

A Vision of Human Existence

65 min In this lecture the Buddhist distinction between wrong views, right views, and ‘Perfect Vision’ is explained. The Buddha communicated his Perfect Vision of existence both in conceptual terms – the law of conditionality – and also in symbols such as the Wheel of Life and the Path. 133

The Nucleus of a New Society

75 min Sangharakshita describes his life story and the events that led him to found the Western Buddhist Order, and explains how an individual joins this Order. He then discusses its relation to the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order and introduces the idea of the nucleus of a new society. (See also lectures 153, 166, 174.) 134

A Blueprint for a New World

60 min Is it possible to create a society in which all social, economic, and political arrangements will support the development of true individuality? This lecture considers a number of principles essential to the successful transformation of our current society. (See also lectures 127, 129, 130.)


A System of Meditation

70 min A survey of the progressive sequence of meditations followed in the FWBO and their place in the complete spiritual path. N.B. Poor original recording. 136

A Vision of History

60 min Commenting on the significance of spiritual communities throughout history, Sangharakshita brings a much-needed Buddhist perspective to bear. N.B. Poor original recording. 137

Levels of Going for Refuge

91 min Previously unreleased, this important lecture introduces and explores further Sangharakshita’s distinctive and visionary ideas on the subject of Going For Refuge, drawing out the real meaning of this central act of the Buddhist life. (See also lectures 9 and 154.) N.B. Poor original recording.


1979 series 140-142 a new buddhist movement: the meaning of the fwbo 138

Authority and the Individual in the New Society

1979 85 min

In creating a spiritual community people need to eschew completely the use of the ‘power mode’ in interacting with each other. This contrasts strongly with ordinary ‘groups’, where relationships are often based on authority, sometimes the authority of a personal God.


The Taste of Freedom


1979 70 min

‘Just as the mighty ocean has but one taste, the taste of salt, even so the Dharma-vinaya (Buddhism) has but one taste, the taste of Freedom.’ (from ‘The Udana’). This brilliant and rousing tour-de-force is one of Sangharakshita’s best-loved lectures. He explains how Transcendental Freedom is gained by breaking the three fetters, recasting these traditional terms as, respectively, habit, superficiality, and vagueness.

70 min This lecture emphasises the importance of distinguishing Buddhism as a universally applicable path of development from the specifically Eastern cultural forms that it has been associated with in the past. Sangharakshita explains why an authentically Buddhist movement is needed in the West, accepting everything of value in all the Eastern Buddhist movements. (See also lecture 166.)

Three lectures given in New Zealand to explain the purposes of the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order – how it is Western, in what way it is Buddhist, and what we mean by ‘Friends’ and ‘the Order’.



The Individual and the World Today

65 min Having first corrected two common misunderstandings arising from use of the term ‘individual’, Sangharakshita argues that a number of modern trends are submerging the individual in ever larger group situations. He traces how this can lead to frustration and a sense of powerlessness and asserts that only a spiritual solution, such as Buddhism, can overcome these trends, explaining why he believes that Christianity, in its present form, is not the answer.

Western Buddhists and Eastern Buddhism

51 142

Commitment and Spiritual Community

65 min Why is the WBO an Order, and not just a Buddhist organisation? Sangharakshita her e emphasises commitment to the Three Jewels of Buddhism, and indicates historical reasons for the degeneration of past spiritual communities in the East. (Note: the FWBO has grown considerably since this lecture was given.)

1979 series 143-150 the inconceivable emancipation, themes from the vimalakirti nirdesa “Whilst the spiritual and doctrinal content of the Vimalakirti Nirdesa is ultimately identical with that of the Perfection of Wisdom corpus, so far as literary form is concerned it resembles the White Lotus Sutra. The prevailing impression is one of balance, proportion and harmony.” (Sangharakshita) N.B. Reference for these lectures: The Holy Teaching of Vimalakirti, translated by R.A.F. Thurman (Pennsylvania University Press, 1976).

52 143

The Magic of a Mahayana Sutra

75 min The Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra is also known as the Inconceivable Emancipation. Sangharakshita reminds us that the aim of spiritual life is complete emancipation, but that this aim – and in fact the whole of existence – is inconceivable. There then follows a survey of this remarkable sutra.


Building the Buddha Land

75 min This lecture deals in depth with what a Buddha Land is, how and by whom it comes to be built, and what all of this has to do with us. 145

On Being All Things to All Men

75 min The Sutra’s hero, Vimalakirti, was a master of the Bodhisattva’s ‘Skilful Means’, discussed here in terms of the Four Analytical Knowledges, the Four Elements of Conversion, and the Magical Formulae. 146

The Transcendental Critique of Religion

70 min The professed aim of the great religions is emancipation, yet religion can inhibit one’s freedom. To guard against this one needs a critique of religion which transcends religion, and this is what Vimalakirti provides in his startling encounters with his fellow Buddhists.


History Versus Myth in Man’s Quest for Meaning

75 min The momentous meeting between Vimalakirti and Manjusri, the Bodhisattva of Wisdom, represents the importance of the encounter between historical and archetypal realities in one’s imaginative and day-to-day life.



The Four Great Reliances: Criteria for the Spiritual Life

80 min Concluding his exposition of the sutra, Sangharakshita explains that traditionally one should rely on: the Dharma, and not on any person; the meaning, not the expression; the discourses of explicit, not implicit meaning; Transcendental Awareness, not discriminative consciousness.

The Way of Non-Duality

75 min “How do the Bodhisattvas enter the Dharma door of non-duality?” Sangharakshita explains some of the dualities listed in the Sutra, gives some examples of his own (with tips on how to transcend them), and concludes with Vimalakirti’s ‘thunder-like silence’. 149

The Mystery of Human Communication

70 min Providing an extraordinary meal for his guests by means of his magical powers, Vimalakirti demonstrates that the Dharma can be communicated in all sorts of ways, not just by words.


Padmasambhava Talk

1979 Previously unreleased and, rather famously, 80 min given off-the-cuff at the London Buddhist Centre, this is an enjoyable and stirring evocation of the great Tantric Guru of Tibet.

82-83 five lectures to members of the western buddhist order

Although delivered to Order Members, these lectures will be of great interest and value to anyone concerned to discover the nature of commitment in Buddhism. 152, 153, and 156 form a collection of talks on incidents from the Buddha’s life as recorded in the Pali Canon. N.B. References for these lectures: Some Sayings of the Buddha, translated by F.L. Woodward (Buddhist Society, London, 1973). 152 54


A Wreath of Blue Lotus

65 min The Buddha’s foster-mother asked him to let her go forth into homelessness like the existing monks, and she became the first Buddhist bhikkhuni (nun). In considering the eight special rules which she accepted, Sangharakshita discusses the danger of what William Blake called the ‘Female Will’.

A Case of Dysentery

70 min The Buddha and Ananda once tended a sick monk, neglected by his companions because of his ‘uselessness’. Sangharakshita shows that people cannot be treated as ‘things’ in the spiritual community.

55 154

Dimensions of Going for Refuge

60 min First given in Bombay, this lecture outlines the stages of progressive involvement within the FWBO and how this revolves around the pivotal activity of Going for Refuge. The teaching of the Five Eyes is then correlated with the progressive stages of Going for Refuge. (See also lectures 9 and 137.) 155


85 min Showing fidelity to be an aspect of true individuality, Sangharakshita discusses the objects of fidelity, the obstacles to its development, and the tests of fidelity.


Between Twin Sala Trees

90 min This lecture is a series of reflections based around the Buddha’s Parinirvana (‘death’), stressing the importance of impermanence and explaining episodes recorded in the Mahaparinibbana Sutta. (See also lecture 114.)

1983 two lectures to a conference on reality, consciousness and order 157

India Talk


The Bodhisattva Principle

1982 This ‘lost’ lecture has featured in past 81 min catalogues as a footnote only, due to unacceptable sound quality. Newly restored, it gives the flavour of Sangharakshita’s visit to India in 1982. N.B. Poor original recording with brief interruptions; incomplete at end.

82 min In a paper of great clarity and insight, Sangharakshita introduces the figure of the Bodhisattva, who embodies the principle of perpetual self-transcendence, and who reveals the meaning of life itself seen in process of evolution towards Enlightenment. N.B. Poor original recording. (See also lectures 75-82.)



56 The Launching of the New Mitrata

1983 A delightful informal talk to mark the re60 min launch of Mitrata, a journal (now discontinued) which helped develop the systematic study of Buddhism in the FWBO and was especially intended for ‘mitras’. The talk includes some valuable tips on enjoying meditation, and the story of Meghiya and his attempts to go it alone in his spiritual life.

The Ex-Untouchable Indian Buddhists

70 min This informal talk outlines the three great periods of spiritual development in Indian Buddhism, and the historical background of the Indian caste system. It then tells the story of the Mahar community and their leader Dr Ambedkar: an example of the possibilities that modern Buddhism provides for individual development and mass social uplift.

1984 lectures on the world of images


The Ten Pillars of Buddhism

1984 The Ten Pillars are the ten precepts or 195 min ethical principles, which together provide a comprehensive guide to the moral dimension of human life. This lecture, given to members of the WBO but of general interest, provides us with a thorough introduction to Buddhist ethics. Note: the second half of this long lecture was read by Dharmachari Devamitra. (See also lecture 50.) 58

N.B. 3 discs. Special price £15 162

Buddhism, World Peace, and Nuclear War

1984 The Buddha’s solitary voice of sanity and 110 min compassion once prevented a war. But modern warfare is on a far larger scale, and could involve nuclear weapons. We are faced with a choice between world peace and eventual disaster, and Sangharakshita discusses realistic courses of action for peace activists and others. He suggests that true peace must involve a commitment to the principle of non-violence and a solution to the problem of death. (See also lecture 94.)

Two papers delivered at Il Convento in Tuscany, the home of WBO men’s ordination retreats from 1981 to 1986.


The Journey to Il Convento

75 min With a restored introduction by Vessantara, this well-loved paper describes the journey as pilgrimage through the ruins and broken images of Christian civilisation and culture, progressing through a world of archetypal forms, and potentially taking us to the very threshold of Enlightenment. N.B. A few words missing (text included with inlay). 164

St. Jerome Revisited

90 min Sangharakshita reveals his personal connection with the archetypal image represented by the figure of St. Jerome. Such images can help to open up our spiritual nature, so that we can fathom the mystery of existence, even in the shadow of time and death. N.B. Poor original recording.

St. Jerome, left


The Glory of the Literary World

70 min We live, perhaps, at the beginning of a second renaissance, sparked off by the translation of the immense riches of oriental literature into Western languages. In this lecture, Sangharakshita demonstrates the spirit with which to approach Buddhist canonical literature in order to appreciate its full significance. N.B. Poor original recording.


two linked lectures to members of the western buddhist order


Buddhist Dawn in the West

1986 Sangharakshita outlines what led him to 120 min found the FWBO, and the form ordination takes in the WBO. He then discusses three recent developments: new facilities for women, ordinations by senior Order Members, and a new Buddhist magazine. 167


Discerning the Buddha

1986 In trying to discern the Buddha, we are 70 min trying to discern the highest kind of being: an Enlightened One. The Buddha, it seems, considered that the Dharma – the truth – is higher still. Does this mean that there were reaches of the spiral of development that he had not yet explored? 168

Twenty Years on the Middle Way

1987 To mark its twentieth anniversary, 65 min Sangharakshita shows how the FWBO has attempted to follow the Buddhist ‘Middle Way’, learning from the mistakes and discoveries of others. The FWBO tries to rise above such extremes as rigid monasticism and lax ‘laicism’; submission to and rejection of one’s parents; and unthinking acceptance or unthinking rejection of Western culture.


The Buddha’s Victory

1987 The full moon day in May is celebrated as 70 min the anniversary of the Buddha’s Enlightenment and his victory over the demon Mara. Sangharakshita explains what Mara represents and how he can be overcome, and describes the other great victories won by the Buddha. As well as containing much that will help and fascinate experienced Buddhists, this is an excellent introductory lecture, requiring no prior knowledge of Buddhism. 61


The Next Twenty Years

1988 A fascinating lecture, previously only 84 min available to members of the Wester n Buddhist Order. It was given on WBO Day on the 20th anniversary of the Order’s foundation and sees Sangharakshita reflecting in intimate, impromptu mood on impermanence and his own thoughts and hopes for the future.


The History of My Going for Refuge

1988 An excellent and often inspiring 220 min autobiographical paper taking up Sangharakshita’s story from his earliest experiences of Buddhism and giving an account of how he came progressively to appreciate and understand the centrality of Going for Refuge in the Buddhist life. Note: parts of this long paper were read by Dharmachari Ratnaprabha and Dharmacharini Srimala. (See also lectur e 152.) N.B. 5 discs. Special price £15


My Relation to the Order

1990 Making good his intention to follow up ‘The 100 min History of My Going for Refuge’ with another lecture looking at his relation to the rest of the Order, Sangharakshita considers his position as the WBO’s founder and first preceptor, responsible for the ordination of others. And he asks what his continuing role will be, as others take on the responsibility of conferring ordinations themselves.


The Message of Dhardo Rimpoche

1991 Sangharakshita’s lecture on the anniverasry 45 min of his friend and teacher Dhardo Rimpoche’s death explains the hidden meanings of the motto of Dhardo’s school: ‘Cherish the Doctrine, Live United, Radiate Love’. 174


My Eight Main Teachers

1990 The FWBO’s ‘lineage’ includes teachers 90 min from Theravadan, Chinese, and Tibetan traditions, and is described here in a fascinating series of memories and stories given in the USA. N.B. Poor original recording, low audibiliity in places.

The Five Pillars of the FWBO

1991 In what has been described as a landmark 70 min talk, Sangharakshita evokes the five fundamental things that lie at the heart of the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order: Ideas, Practices, Institutions, Experiment, and Imagination. 175


Dilgo Khyentse Rimpoche

1991 Reminiscences by Sangharakshita on one of 70 min his teachers, the renowned Tibetan Lama who died in 1991. Also includes an introduction to his life and character by Suvajra.

Correction: In speaking of Dhardo Rimpoche, Sangharakshita says that the 13th Dalai Lama encouraged the previous Dhardo Tulku to study at Drepung monastery in the Gelugpa tradition. It was in fact a renowned Gelugpa Lama, Lobsang Khyenrab Wangchen, later Head of the Gelugpa Order and Regent of Tibet, who invited him to stay at Drepung.

1992 two lectures given in germany


with german translation


The Meaning of Friendship in Buddhism

1993 In this lecture to launch his book on the 71 min prajna-paramita (Perfection of Wisdom) tradition, Sangharakshita explores hierarchy in Buddhism, and particularly the distinction between vijnana (Discriminating Consciousness) and jnana (Transcendental Awareness).

65 min In the modern West, friendship is probably the most often neglected of all the primary relationships. During a visit to Berlin, Sangharakshita explains the five duties of a friend and emphasises how friendship is of vital importance in the spiritual life.



The Integration of Buddhism into Western Society

51 min What are the psychological, socio-economic and intellectual transformations that must take place if Buddhism is to be integrated into Western society? Speaking before the European Buddhist Union Congress, Sangharakshita discusses the roles of the individual Buddhist and of the Sangha in bringing this integration about.


Wisdom Beyond Words


Fifteen Points for Buddhist Parents

1994 Should you teach your child Buddhism? 67 min Should you restrict their T.V.? How do you let them go when it’s time? What to do if you’ve made mistakes? Sangharakshita deals with these and many more issues in this entertaining, thought-provoking talk.

Fifteen Points for Old and New Order Members

1993 This previously unreleased lecture is one of 90 min Sangharakshita’s earliest (and still growing) list of ‘Fifteen Points’ lectures. It was delivered on the 25th anniversary of the WBO and his lively exhortations to his fellow Order members are relevant to anyone who takes the practice of Buddhism seriously. 181

The Rain of the Dharma

1994 Just as plants need soil, warmth, light and 67 min rain to grow, so we need health and leisure, spiritual friendship, intellectual clarity and the ‘Rain of the Dharma’. This is the lesson Sangharakshita draws from the Parable of the Rain Cloud in the White Lotus Sutra. N.B. Poor original recording.



The Disappearing Buddha

1994 The Buddha adopted the appearance and 82 min speech of his different audiences, and gave discourses on the Dharma which instructed, inspired, fired, and delighted. Then he would just disappear leaving them wondering, ‘Who is the Buddha?’

1994 two lectures to a conference on the nature of reality – buddhism as transformation 184

The Twenty-Four Nidanas

100 min In this masterly lecture to an American conference audience, Sangharakshita reminds us that conditionality (or ‘conditioned co-production’), is the basic conceptual formulation of the Buddha’s enlightenment experience; the twelve negative and twelve positive nidanas (‘links’) representing the two basic trends – cyclic and spiral, reactive and progressive – within that same conditionality. 66


The Transcendental Eightfold Path

85 min Following on from his previous lecture, Sangharakshita turns his attention to the distinction between the mundane Eightfold Path and the transcendental Eightfold Path. This must be grasped if we are to move from the level of ‘Effective’ Going for Refuge to that of ‘Real’ Going for Refuge. This path of self-transformation begins with ‘Perfect Vision’ – a glimpse of reality – and culminates in the complete transformation of society.


Great Buddhists of the Twentieth Century

1995 We all need heroes to admire and emulate, 125 min and here Sangharakshita discusses Anagarika Dharmapala, Alexandra DavidNeel, Dr B.R. Ambedkar, Lama Govinda, and Dr Edward Conze, explaining why he regards them as Buddhist pioneers for our age.


Intellect, Emotion, and Will

1996 On the occasion of the opening of the 78 min Manchester Buddhist Centre, Sangharakshita presents some of his latest thinking. With his usual clarity and good humour, he discusses intellect, emotion, and will as aspects of the individual who Goes for Refuge and how all three are essential in order to live the spiritual life.


Extending the Hand of Fellowship

1996 What is the basis for relations between the 105 min WBO and the rest of the Buddhist world? Essentially it is only possible to have fellowship of the highest order between individuals who also recognise the centrality of Going For Refuge to the Three Jewels. Sangharakshita explores the common scriptural basis with the Theravada, Pureland, Zen, and Tibetan schools and discusses the question of ‘orthodoxy’ in Buddhism. He concludes by making three points for Order Members to bear in mind on the subject, underlining the fundamental importance of metta (‘loving-kindness’) in all relations. 189

Reflections on Going Forth

1997 Marking the 50th anniversary of his own 90 min ‘Going Forth’ in India, Sangharakshita offers us his thoughts on the significance this adventure had for him and reflects on its relation to the Buddha’s search for Truth – with particular regard to actions of body, speech, and mind.


1999 three lectures to the friends of the western buddhist order


A Life for the Dharma


98 min A moving, often beautiful evocation of the great Indian teacher Atisha, whose ceaseless work had a profound influence on the development of Buddhism in Tibet. Sangharakshita cites the example of Atisha’s life as both a challenge and an inspiration to all who wish to practice the Dharma and discover its relevance in the world today.

Looking Ahead – a Little Way

1999 At the last Western Buddhist Order 70 min convention of the 20th Century, Sangharakshita reviews the road travelled thus far and offers some further thoughts on the future; looking ahead, in particular, to an important change in the formal organisation of the WBO: his passing-on of the Headship of the Order. Note: with an introduction and concluding remarks by Dharmachari Subhuti, and chanting by Order Members from India.


69 195 191

Standing on Holy Ground

87 min In this second lecture, by using his own poem ‘The Scholars’ as a reference point, Sangharakshita presents us with some valuable tips for navigating the sea of Buddhist literature currently flooding through the West; and makes some sharp observations on contemporary cultural and social values.


Looking at the Bodhi Tree

75 min Celebrating Wesak (Buddha Day) Sangharakshita reflects on the Buddha’s achievement of Enlightenment. He draws our attention particularly to an often overlooked feature of the accounts of this great event – the Buddha’s expression of gratitude to the tree that sheltered him as he ‘won to the Goal’. Gratitude has much to teach us, and Sangharakshita offers ways in which we might try to cultivate this essential positive emotion.


The Headship of the Order Sangharakshita/Dharmachari Subhuti

Communicating the Dharma

1999 Affectionately known as ‘Fifteen Points for 54 min Giving Dharma Talks’, this thoughtful lecture to a group of experienced Order Members is a treasure-trove of good advice for anyone who takes an interest in how best to communicate the Buddha’s teachings and our own experience of the Dharma.

2000 Celebrating his 75th birthday in the 80 min company of friends from all over the world, Sangharakshita completes his process of passing on all formal responsibilities relating to the FWBO and WBO by handing on the headship of the Order. His short talk is followed by Dharmachari Subhuti’s acceptance of the headship on behalf of those involved, in which he explores the relevance of this pivotal moment for the future of the Order itself.



the mitra study course

Mitra is the Sanskrit word for ‘friend’. In his own evocation of the Buddhist path, Sangharakshita has placed great emphasis on the Buddha’s teaching that “Spiritual Friendship is the whole of the spiritual life”. This emphasis is one of the distinguishing features of the FWBO, and anyone who wishes to take further their own involvement with Buddhism in the context of the FWBO may become a Mitra in order to mark and celebrate that decision. The Mitra Study course, based around Sangharakshita’s lectures, was devised to help Mitras develop their knowledge and understanding of the Dharma, and comprises ten terms of study on many facets of Buddhism. It encompasses different traditions and scriptures, seeking, in particular, to explore them in the light of contemporary experience. In this way, the course comes to serve also as a comprehensive and thorough survey of Buddhism, and is ideal for anyone – whether formally involved with the FWBO or not – who wishes to be a ‘Friend’ to the Buddha’s teaching and to deepen their understanding of it.

year 1

year 2

year 3

term 1

Lectures 47-54 The Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path

term 4

Lectures 131-134, 140-142, 174 Principles, Practices and Institutions of the FWBO

term 7

Lectures 95-102 Parables, Myths and Symbols of Mahayana Buddhism in the White Lotus Sutra

term 2

Sutra Reading S01 Basic Buddhist Doctrines and Practices from the Pali Canon

term 5

Lectures 137, 154, 31, 139, 118, 177, 32 Ideas of the FWBO – Emphases and Restatements of Buddhist Teachings

term 8

Lectures 123-130 Transformation of Life and World in the Sutra of Golden Light

term 3

Lectures 75-77, 79-80, 82, 84, 90 The Higher Evolution

term 6

Lectures 65-72 Aspects of the Bodhisattva Ideal

term 9

Lectures 143-150 The Inconceivable Emancipation, Themes from the Vimalakirti Nirdesa: a Mahayana Buddhist Scripture

term 10 Lectures 103-110 Creative Symbols of the Tantric Path to Enlightenment





sutra readings

poetry readings

Readings from the Pali Canon

Sangharakshita began writing poetry over sixty years ago, and has continued to do so through to the present day. His poems reveal, by his own reckoning, sides of the man that may not otherwise be so easy to see. Always heartfelt, often evoking strong feelings and experiences, his poetry displays both a highly refined aesthetic sense and a great capacity to empathise with others. These recordings of some of his published volumes and of pieces from his Complete Poems: 1941-1994, (Windhorse Publications, Birmingham, 1995) bring Sangharakshita’s poetry to life in a unique way, illuminating the many sources of inspiration that have guided his life and teaching.

2000 Beautifully read by Sangharakshita, these 75 min readings are taken from the oldest scriptural texts and evoke the real spirit of early Buddhism. Recommended for use in the Mitra Study Course. With booklet and presentation slipcase. References for this compilation: ‘Gradual Sayings, Vol 1’ from Anguttara-nikaya, Vol 1. 187 translated by F. L. Woodward. (Pali Text Society); ‘The Udana’ translated by F. L. Woodward, (Pali Text Society); ‘Middle Length Discourses of the Buddha: A New Translation of the Majjhima Nikaya’, by Bhikkhu Nanamoli and Bhikkhu Bodhi. (Wisdom Publications, Boston, 1995). S02

The Large Sukhavativyuha Sutra

148 min Sangharakshita gives voice to this poetic Buddhist scripture describing the wonderful Pureland of the Buddha Amitabha. Please note that one short section of the sutra was omitted. Reference for this recording: Buddhist Mahayana Texts, Sacred Books of the East, Vol. 49, translated by F. Max Muller (Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi).


Conquering New Worlds Poems 1946-1984

51 min Published by Windhorse Publications, Glasgow, 1986. P02

Hercules and the Birds and Other Poems

54 min Published by Windhorse Publications, Glasgow, 1990. P03

An Autobiographical Sequence 73

50 min Recorded at FWBO celebrations in London, September 1990. P04

The Caves of Bhaja

1985 A moving poem in memory of Dharmachari 40 min Anagarika Maha Dhammavira, written, introduced, and read by Sangharakshita. P05

The Cave

1991 In his own elegant and moving story, 55 min Sanghrakshita evokes the spiritual efforts of a monk who occupies the ‘Holy Man’s Cave’ above an Indian village at the time of the Buddha.


meditation change your mind

six talks by kamalashila

A three-part series of guided meditation cassette packs (including tape and booklet) led by Paramananda, Chairman of the San Francisco Buddhist Centre, and based on his bestselling book Change Your Mind (Windhorse Publications, Birmingham, 1996) M01

Kamalashila has been teaching meditation for over twenty years. He is the author of the highly successful book Meditation: The Buddhist Way of Tranquillity and Insight (Windhorse Publications, 1992). This series of talks is suitable for those familiar with the Mindfulness of Breathing and Metta Bhavana meditations as taught in the FWBO. As we follow him through his six themes, we are led to a deepening of our own practice and a more profound understanding of this prime context for the movement towards Awakening.

Body Awareness and Relaxation

60 min Paramananda introduces and guides you £10 through two meditations designed to relax and inspire you towards a positive, confident relationship with your body – and a more creative, refreshing attitude to life itself. M02

Meditations on the Breath

60 min To help you develop a renewed sense of £10 engagement with the world, the traditional Mindfulness of Breathing practice opens up the positive possibilities for change that rest within a naturally concentrated mind. M03

Exploring Positive Emotion

60 min This innovative approach to an ancient £10 meditation (the Metta Bhavana) allows you to unlock a sense of wellbeing in your own emotional life and discover a clear, reassuring sense of positivity towards other people.

75 M04 M05 M06 M07 M08 M09

Foundation Gravitation Unification Illumination Transformation Exemplification

60 min 68 min 66 min 68 min 60 min 67 min

£10 each. Buy the whole set for £50.




Human Enlightenment by Sangharakshita. Read by the author.

146 min We hear a lot about the ideal man or £10 woman. But is there really any such thing? According to Buddhism there is! A Buddha is a fully perfected human being: one who has developed the qualities of awareness, love, and energy there in potential in us all, and so passed onto an entirely new and wonderful level of being. Double cassette.



Introducing Buddhism by Chris Pauling. Read by Clara Onyamere.

120 min A lively and engaging introduction to £10 Buddhism as the path of spiritual growth par excellence. Covers the essential teachings and practices, and shows how they are relevant to all in the modern world. Introducing Buddhism packs plenty of information but also communicates the liberating emotional appeal of the Buddhist tradition. Double cassette.


Life of the Buddha by Shantigarbha & Michael Venditozzi. Narrated by Phil Evans, Julia Blalock, and Yashomitra. With music.

90 min Blending poetry, myth, and historical detail, £10 this original production for Dharmachakra is a dramatised retelling of the Buddha’s life from his earliest days to his Enlightenment and beyond. Original music by Bodhivajra. Also suitable for use in schools (age 11+) – ask for your free Teacher’s Pack and protective wallet! Single Cassette.


Jataka Tales Read by Julia Blalock. With music.

100 min Adapted from the book by Noor Inayat £7.50 Khan, heroine of the French Resistance in the Second World War, these beautiful stories come from ancient legends about the previous lives of the Buddha. Reminiscent of Aesop’s Fables, they tell of highly dramatic adventures that bring forth courage and the capacity to love. Specially suitable for listening with younger children – and specially priced! Single cassette. 77



how to order


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Dharmachakra P.O. Box 50 Cambridge CB1 3BG U.K.

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Unless otherwise stated, all of our titles cost only £10. Discounts Buy 8 titles or more – discount of 10%. * Buy 50 titles or more – discount of 20%. Postage & Packing Europe: add 10%. Buy 5 titles or more – free delivery! Rest of the World: add 10%. Buy 8 titles or more – free delivery! Mitra Study Course 72 titles – £576 (20% off). Includes free delivery anywhere in the world!

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Complete Set of lectures and readings by Sangharakshita: 202+ titles – call for latest prices (30% off). Includes freeset of Dharmachakra Audio Books andfree delivery anywhere in the world!

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Details of trade pricesavailable on request. * Please note: Mitra Study term 5 has only 7 lectures but also qualifies for discounts based on ‘8 titles or more’ if purchased as a unity.

Donations Dana (‘Giving’ or ‘Generosity’) is traditionally seen as one of the fundamentals of Buddhist practice. You’ll see that we have a section on our order form for those who wish to include a donation to help with our work. We are a non-profit-making charity registered in the U.K. (Registration Number 294143), and we use all donations to send our recordings to people who cannot afford to buy them. We support a number of projects that share our aim of promoting an awareness and understanding of Buddhism and meditation. In the past, these have included prison visiting services and Buddhist organisations in India. Please consider this part of our work when you place an order with us – no matter what the amount, your contribution will be valuable and always gratefully received.



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books on buddhism & meditation

publications throughout its 2500 year history, the dharma has succeeded in adapting its mode of expression to suit whatever culture it has encountered. windhorse publications aims to continue this

“Urthona is the only periodical which seeks to bring the timeless wisdom of the Dharma into fruitful relation with what is best in western culture, both past and present. As such, Urthona occupies a unique position in the contemporary spiritual and cultural scene and I would urge all who are in any way concerned with the promotion of higher values to subscribe to it and to introduce it to their friends.� Urgyen Sangharakshita

tradition as buddhism comes to the west, publishing works by authors who not only understand the buddhist tradition but are charity no. 272329

also familiar with western culture and the western mind.

Explore the arts through the pages of Urthona. Pick up a copy at your local Buddhist centre, visit us at, or write to us at: 5 Coral Park, Henley Road, Cambridge, CB1 3EA, UK.



Altruism and Individualism in the Spiritual Life, 68 Analytical Psychology of the Abhidharma, 40 Approach to Buddhism, 19 Archetypal Symbolism in the Biography of the Buddha, 43 Archetype of the Divine Healer, 102 Arising of the Bodhichitta, 11 Art and the Spiritual Life, 77 Authority and the Individual in the New Society, 138 Autobiographical Sequence, P03 Awakening of the Bodhi Heart, 66 Axial Age and the Emergence of the New Man, 76 Between Twin Sala Trees, 156 Blueprint for a New World, 134 Bodhisattva’s Dream, 124 Bodhisattva Hierarchy, 71 Bodhisattva Principle, 159 Bodhisattva Vow, 67 Breaking Through into Buddhahood, 63 Buddha, God, and Reality, 23 Buddha: Man or Superman?, 22 Buddha’s Philosophy of Personal Relations, 93 Buddha’s Philosophy of Right Speech, 116 Buddha’s Victory, 169 Buddha and the Bodhisattva: Eternity and Time, 72 Buddhism, Nietzsche, and ‘The Superman’, 82 Buddhism, World Peace, and Nuclear War, 162 Buddhism and Culture, 127 Buddhism and Psychoanalysis, 117 Buddhism and the Bishop of Woolwich, 6 Buddhism and the Language of Myth, 37 Buddhism and the New Reformation, 7 Buddhism as the Path of the Higher Evolution, 79 Buddhism in England, 20 Buddhist Dawn in the West, 166 Buddhist Economics, 129 Building the Buddha Land, 144 Case of Dysentery, 152 Cave, The, P05 Caves of Bhaja, P04

Change Your Mind: Body Awareness & Relaxation, M01 Change Your Mind: Meditations on the Breath, M02 Change Your Mind: Exploring Positive Emotion, M03 Commitment and Spiritual Community, 142 Communicating the Dharma, 193 Conquering New Worlds, P01 Conscious Evolution of Man: Right Effort, 52 Cosmic Significance of The Bodhisattva Ideal, 81 Dalai Lama: His Reincarnations, 57 Depth Psychology of the Yogachara, 42 Diamond Sutra, 74 Dilgo Khyentse Rimpoche, 175 Dimensions of Going for Refuge, 154 Direct Pointing to the Mind (of Man), 15 Disappearing Buddha, 183 Discerning the Buddha, 167 Drama of Cosmic Enlightenment, 96 Dynamics of Being, 24 Enlightenment as Experience and as Non-Experience, 119 Evolution: Lower and Higher, 75 Evolution or Extinction: Current World Problems – a Buddhist View, 94 Exemplification (by Kamalashila), M09 Extending the Hand of Fellowship, 188 Ex-Untouchable Indian Buddhists, 160 Fidelity, 155 Fifteen Points for Buddhist Parents, 182 Fifteen Points for Old and New Order Members, 180 Five Element Symbolism and The Stupa, 100 Five Pillars of the FWBO, 174 Foundation (by Kamalashila), M04 Four Foundation Yogas of the Tibetan Buddhist Tantra, 60 Four Great Reliances: Criteria for the Spiritual Life, 150 From Alienated Awareness to Integrated Awareness, 84 Future of Tibetan Buddhism, 62 FWBO Sevenfold Puja, 38 Glory of the Literary World, 165 Going for Refuge, 9 Gravitation (by Kamalashila), M05



Great Buddhists of the Twentieth Century, 186 Growth of a Mahayana Sutra, 123 Headship of the Order, 195 Heart Sutra, 73 Heights and Depths in the Spiritual Life, 4 Hercules and the Birds, P02 Heroic Ideal in Buddhism, 64 History of My Going for Refuge, 171 History Versus Myth In Man’s Quest for Meaning, 147 How Buddhism Came to Tibet, 55 How Consciousness Evolves, 83 Human Enlightenment, A01 Ideal of Human Communication: Right Speech, 49 Ideal of Human Enlightenment, 120 Ideal Society: Right Livelihood, 51 Illumination (by Kamalashila), M07 India Talk, 157 Individual, the Group, and the Community, 91 Individual and the Spiritual Community, 89 Individual and the World Today, 140 Individuality, True and False, 85 Integration of Buddhism into Western Society, 178 Intellect, Emotion, and Will, 187 Introducing Buddhism, 8 Introducing Buddhism (by Chris Pauling), A02 Is a Guru Necessary?, 90 Is Religion Necessary?, 17 Jataka Tales, A04 Jewel in the Lotus, 101 Journey to Il Convento, 163 Karma and Rebirth, 32 Lamas of Tibet, 92 Launching of the New Mitrata, 158 Levels of Awareness: Right Mindfulness, 53 Levels of Going for Refuge, 137 Life for the Dharma, 190 Life of the Buddha, A03 Looking Ahead – a Little Way, 194 Looking at the Bodhi Tree, 192

Magic of a Mahayana Sutra, 143 Mandala: Tantric Symbol of Integration, 45 ‘Masculinity’ and ‘Femininity’ In the Spiritual Life, 69 Meaning of Friendship in Buddhism, 177 Meaning of Parinirvana, 115 Meaning of Spiritual Community, 122 Meaning of the Dharma, 2 Meditation: the Expanding Consciousness, 33 Meditation Versus Psychotherapy, 87 Meeting the Buddhas, 356 Message of Dhardo Rimpoche, 173 Method of Personal Development, 131 Mind: Reactive and Creative, 31 Monks And Laymen in Buddhist Tibet, 58 Moral Order and Its Upholders, 130 My Eight Main Teachers, 176 My Relation to the Order, 172 Mystery of Human Communication, 149 Mystery of the Void, 27 Myth of the Return Journey, 98 Nature, Man, and Enlightenment, 128 Nature And Development of Buddhism, 5 Nature of Existence: Right Understanding, 47 Next Twenty Years, 170 New Man Speaks, 113 New Society, 19 Nirvana, 26 No Dependence on Words or Letters, 14 Nucleus of a New Society, 133 On Being All Things to All Men, 145 On the Threshold of Enlightenment, 70 Origin and Development of the Bodhisattva Ideal, 65 Padmasambhava Talk, 151 Padmasambhava: Tantric Guru of Tibet, 111 Path of Regular and the Path of Irregular Steps, 118 Pattern of Buddhist Life and Work, 30 Poetry and Devotion In Buddhism, 35 Principles of Ethics: Right Action, 50 Problem of Human Relationships, 88

Protectors of The Dharma, 126 Psycho-Spiritual Symbolism in the Tibetan Book of the Dead, 44 Psychology of Buddhist Ritual, 36 Psychology of Spiritual Development, 41 Question of Psychological Types, 86 Rain of the Dharma, 181 Readings from the Pali Canon, S01 Reason and Emotion in the Spiritual Life: Right Resolve, 48 Reflections on Going Forth, 189 Religion: Ethnic and Universal, 78 Samadhi, the Higher Consciousness: Right Meditation, 54 Sangha or Buddhist Community, 3 Schools of Tibetan Buddhism, 56 Seeing Into One’s Own Nature and Realising Buddhahood, 16 Special Transmission Outside the Scriptures, 13 Spiritual Community, 29 Spiritual Significance of Confession, 125 St. Jerome Revisited, 164 Stages of the Spiritual Path, 28 Stages of the Spiritual Path (Reprised), 34 Standing on Holy Ground, 191 Stream Entry, 10 Stream Entry: the Point of No Return, 80 Sukhavativyuha Sutra, S02 Symbolism of Colours and Mantric Sound, 109 Symbolism of Offerings and Self-Sacrifice, 108 Symbolism of the Cosmic Refuge Tree and the Archetypal Guru, 106 Symbolism of the Cremation Ground and the Celestial Maidens, 107 Symbolism of the Five Buddhas, ‘Male’ and ‘Female’, 110 Symbolism of the Sacred Thunderbolt Or Diamond Sceptre of the Lamas, 105 Symbolism of the Tibetan Wheel of Life, 103 Symbols of Life and Growth, 99 Symbols of Tibetan Buddhist Art, 59 System of Meditation, 135 Tantric Symbolism of the Stupa, 104

Taste of Freedom, 139 Ten Pillars of Buddhism, 161 Texture of Reality, 25 Tibetan Buddhist Meditation, 61 Transformation (by Kamalashila), M08 Transcendental Critique of Religion, 146 Transcendental Eightfold Path, 185 Transcending the Human Predicament, 97 Turning About in the Deepest Seat of Consciousness, 12 Twenty-four Nidanas, 184 Twenty Years on the Middle Way, 168 Unification (by Kamalashila), M06 Universal Perspective of Mahayana Buddhism, 95 Vision of History, 136 Vision of Human Existence, 132 Way of Non-Duality, 148 Way to Enlightenment, 112 Western Buddhist Order Ordination Ceremony, 39 Western Buddhists and Eastern Buddhism, 141 What Meditation Really Is, 121 Who is the Buddha?, 1 Why Buddhism?, 18 Wisdom Beyond Words, 179 Word of the Buddha, 114 Wreath of Blue Lotus, 153 Zen And the Psychotherapeutic Process, 46


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Catalogue of Sangharakshitas Talks  
Catalogue of Sangharakshitas Talks  

A list of all talks given by Sangharakshita that are part of the Dharmachakra archive