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Te reo o te KUKI AIRANI

$2 Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Displacement to get worse The heaD of an international organisation to combat issues to do with human displacement across borders is in Rarotonga ahead of a regional meeting in two weeks. atle Solberg, head of Genevabased Nansen Initiative Secretariat, is being hosted by the Cook Islands government for a regional consultation from May 21 to 24. nansen is a fairly new organisation established after a formal ministerial meeting in 2011 on refugees. Norway and Switzerland pledged to look into displacement issues and committed funding, while a number of other countries are on its steering committee. Solberg says people all over the world are displaced by disaster and one aim of the project is

to discover how many millions and why. With the onset of climate change comes the expectation that more will be displaced in future. “We’re painting a future where more people will be displaced by disasters,” says Solberg. While some people are displaced by sudden onset disaster like earthquakes and active volcanoes, others are affected by slow onset disaster such as rising sea levels and soil salinisation. “Slow onset is harder to grasp and work with…this region is facing slow onset disaster.” For example, tiny Kiribati is likely to be totally submerged in a few decades and its people are already facing dis-

placement issues. There is likely to be more social unrest in the future because of ighting over scarce resources, says Solberg. “We do know that climate change will affect this region probably more adversely than other parts of the world.” nansen is holding consultations with countries likely to be affected by displacement in the future. These will bring together representatives from states, international organisations, NGOs, civil society and think tanks working on issues related to displacement and natural disasters, including climate change. Five regional consultations are planned to take place in the Pacific, Central America, east Africa, South Asia, and South-

east asia over the course of this year and next. the outcomes from these consultations will be compiled in preparation for a global meeting planned for early 2015, when country representatives and experts will discuss potential cross-border displacement protections in the context of natural disasters. Although nansen will not develop legislation, it intends to get the background knowledge needed to pass on to legislators to make much needed cross border international frameworks. Whatever discussed in Rarotonga later this month will be promoted during future global dialogues, says Solberg. “This region will be very, very - CS useful.”

Nansen Initiative Secretariat head Atle Solberg is in Rarotonga ahead of a regional consultation on human displacement both within and cross country borders. 13050641

More work needed on disaster policy Current national policies

for climate change and disaster risk reduction management are insuficient to achieve the outcomes the country wants, says a local policy development team. tina newport and ewan Cameron have been tasked by Climate Change Cook Islands (CCCI) to look at government policy for climate change and disaster risk reduction. Policies formed before 2011 are particularly not up to scratch, Cameron told a climatic and disaster reduction platform meeting on Monday, attended by around 30 people. While the national Sustainable Development Plan (NSDP) is a well-built base, there are no strong guidelines for government ministries to use as templates when forming their own policies to address climate change and disaster risk reduction. Cameron and Newport believe the work they are doing could ill these gaps, which can be addressed by applying a plan to incorporate climate and disaster compatible development [CDCD]. “When we think about development – such as with infrastruc-

ture – we want to think about climate and disaster mitigation and adaption measures as well,” said Cameron. “We need to get more out of our dollar.” The pair is assessing government policy throughout a number of areas such as low carbon development, which includes renewable energy technology and energy efficiency projects. While there are many different strands to these projects – such as the government’s light bulb project – there is little discussion of mitigation and abatement plans. Things such as reforestation by replanting native species also needs to be thought about, said Cameron. Climate change resilience development is something the Cook Islands has worked on strongly for the last 10 years, especially since CCCI was established in 2011. While many of its policies are suficient, more climate compatible development to look at finance, legislation and regulatory frameworks needs to be done, said Cameron. “right now the Ministry of Finance is starting to look at how they can help in that way, how

they can let donors to funnel money through [national systems].” the country has disaster risk management legislation in place, and CCCI is looking at develop-

ing climate legislation too. “Legislation is a way to change behaviour if other means can’t be found. It is the last stop,” said Cameron. “There needs to be a

bigger push to help effective national policy development.” newport added they will link the NSDP to other policy that needs to be developed. They are

also looking at policy to do with population displacement due to climatic effects. This will be ready for consultation at the end of the week. - CS

Tina Newport and Ewan Cameron are reviewing government policy on climate change and disaster risk reduction. 13050646


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Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

worldneWS nuti no teIA neI AO Was that one scoop or two? A GROUP of British tourists are irate at being charged 64 euros ($82) for four ice creams in Rome. The two couples each bought an ice cream to take away from a gelateria close to the Spanish Steps and were astounded to be charged 16 euros each. The group were on a six-day holiday to Italy and could not believe they had been charged so much. “It’s incredible. It can’t be normal, can it?” they told British media. “And when we paid up, they didn’t even say thank you.” The manager of the gelateria when contacted insisted the ice creams were worth the money because they were large ones.

Evidence of gas warfare UN inquiry says Syrian rebels may have used sarin nerve gas

GeNeVa – a UN investigator

says testimony from victims and doctors suggests Syrian rebels have used the deadly nerve agent sarin in their ight against president Bashar al-assad’s regime. UN human rights investigator Carla del Ponte, a former war crimes prosecutor, made the comments on Swiss radio. “According to the testimonies we have gathered, the rebels have used chemical weapons, making use of sarin gas,” she said. She said there was “still not irrefutable proof, but very strong

world BrIeFS FBI THWART POSSIBLE TERROR ATTACK USA– THE FBI said it has thwarted a terror attack in a small town in Minnesota after discovering home-made bombs and guns in the home of a local man. The agency provided few details, saying the investigation into Buford ‘Bucky’ Rogers, 24, was “ongoing.” “The FBI believes that a terror attack was disrupted by law enforcement personnel and that the lives of several local residents were potentially saved,” the agency said in a statement. Investigators found Molotov cocktails, “suspected pipe bombs” and an AK-M assault rile during a search of Rogers’ home in Montevideo, a town of fewer than 6000 people in western Minnesota.

israeli-syrian border tension mounts ISRAEL – Israel has closed its northern airspace to commercial aviation and deployed two batteries of an anti-missile defense system there after a series of reported Israeli air strikes in Syria. A Syrian activist group says the strikes killed at least 42 Syrian soldiers. Israel’s boundaries with Syria and Lebanon were quiet Monday although its security forces were on high alert, one day after the reported attack into Syria. Security sources in the United States said the targets were advanced weapons that were to be transferred to Lebanon’s Hezbollah militant group. Syrian information minister, Omran al-Zoubi, called the attacks a blatant act of aggression. He said Syria has the right and the responsibility to protect its country and people from any form of infringement at home or abroad.

standoFF on india-CHina border ends INDIA – India and China have resolved a three-week standof over an ice-covered plateau along their disputed Himalayan border. The confrontation, the latest strain on the sometimes uneasy ties between the Asian giants, had threatened to cast a shadow over the upcoming visit by India’s foreign minister to Beijing. The 20-day crisis in the northern Ladakh region began when about 50 chinese soldiers pitched tents deep inside what New Delhi claims is its territory, and ended with both sides returning to their original positions. The de-escalation occurred along what is called the Line of Actual Control, a vaguely deined line in the mountain plateau which both sides dispute.

billions oF inseCts about to emerGe

suspicions, concrete suspicions that sarin gas has been used”. Her comments follow Israeli air strikes on military sites near Damascus on Sunday and come amid suspicions that the Assad regime has used chemical weapons in the 26-month conlict. Del Ponte said the UN commission of inquiry on Syria, of which she is a member, is far from inishing its probe. “We still have to deepen our investigation, verify and conirm the indings through new witness testimony,” she said. “But according to what we have established so far, it is at the moment, opponents of the regime who are using sarin gas. “this is not surprising since the opponents have been iniltrated by foreign ighters.” Del Ponte also said the commission might still find proof that the Syrian regime was also using this type of chemical weapon. US president Barack Obama has said the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian conlict is a “red line” for his administration. But he has also said he does not foresee uS troops on the ground in Syria. Set up two years ago at the behest of the un Human rights Council, the un commission of inquiry into Syria has so far been unable to gain access to the country as Damascus has ignored repeated requests for entry. Instead, it has interviewed over 1500 refugees and exiles as a basis for its reports. It charges that both the government forces and their allies and opposition forces have carried out war crimes in Syria, where more than 70,000 people have been killed since the violence exploded in March 2011. Sarin is a powerful neurotoxin which was developed by Nazi scientists in the 1930s. - AFP

A united Nations inquiry is gathering testimony that both Syrian rebels and the Syrian regime have use chemical weapons such as sarin nerve gas in the two-year long civil conlict. AFP

Fan attacks Bieber on stage DU BaI – a member of the audience at Justin Bieber’s stage show in Dubai tackled the singer from behind while he was performing at a grand piano. Bieber managed to free himself and ran to the side of the stage while security guards grabbed the intruder, who managed to knock the piano. Footage on YouTube shows Bieber carried on performing while security guards removed the fan and picked up the piano. He is in the middle of a world

tour called ‘Believe’ which began last September and includes about 100 dates. Reports said that the globally successful 19-year-old took a three-minute break after the on-stage fracas before returning to sing ‘Boyfriend’ and then ‘Baby’. His guitarist and musical director Dan Kanter later tweeted: “It wasn’t a prank. Someone ran on stage during ‘Believe’ and the piano got knocked off its platform. everyone is ine. No need to worry!”

a parent of one of Bieber’s fans at the Dubai gig, Steve Hoare, told the BBC that as the tickets cost about £100 each, a lot of parents were left angry afterwards. he said: “My 16-year-old daughter said that the kids at the concert were pretty shocked by it all. “The attacker may have been an adoring fan. But it was probably someone who was annoyed at Justin Bieber being more than two hours late, as he was the night before. - BBC

Auschwitz guard, 93, arrested STUTTGaRT – a 93-year-old alleged former guard at the Auschwitz extermination camp has been arrested in southern Germany. Hans Lipschis was taken into custody in Aalen after prosecutors concluded there was “compelling evidence” that he had been complicit in murder. Lipschis acknowledges he served with the Waffen SS at the camp in occupied Poland, but claims he was only a cook. Last month, the Simon Wi-

esenthal Centre named him as number four on its list of mostwanted Nazis. the organisation accused him of participating in the mass murder and persecution of innocent civilians, primarily Jews, at auschwitz between October 1941 and 1945. “This is a very positive step, we welcome the arrest, I hope this will only be the irst of many arrests, trials and convictions of death camp guards,” the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s efraim

Zuroff told aFP news agency. Lipschis is the irst person arrested as a result of a series of new investigations launched by the German authorities into some 50 former auschwitz guards who are still alive. his house was searched by police and he was then brought before a judge and remanded in custody. An indictment against him is currently being prepared, according to the Stuttgart prosecutor’s ofice. - AFP

Skin bared in furry protest

USA – colossal numbers of cicadas, unhurriedly growing underground since 1996, are about to emerge along much of the US east coast to begin passionately singing and mating as their remarkable life cycle restarts. This year heralds the springtime emergence of billions of so-called 17-year periodical cicadas, with their distinctive black bodies, buggy red eyes, and orange-veined wings, along a roughly 900-mile stretch from northern Georgia to upstate New York. The eerie, cacophonous mating music they produce, along with the unusual synchronous mass emergence and lengthy development cycles, have amazed scientists and lay people alike for centuries.

dinosaur bones Go baCK to monGolia MONGOLIA – A 70-million-year-old dinosaur skeleton from the Gobi Desert that was smuggled to the United States in pieces and auctioned for more than $1 million was returned on Monday by the US government to Mongolia. The huge Tyrannosaurus bataar’s skull was on display this week at a repatriation ceremony near the United Nations in New York, where oicials of the U.S. Attorney’s Oice formally turned over the nearly complete skeleton to Mongolian oicials. Mongolia demanded the return of the 2.4 metre tall, 7.3 metre long, mostly reconstructed cousin of the Tyrannosaurus rex last year after a commercial paleontologis sold it at a Manhattan auction last spring for $1.05 million.

Today’s Daily Bread It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.

Matthew Read: Read: 1 Corinthians 137:21-29

Text: Matthew 7:26 Text: Verse 7

Members of the French branch of the international anti-fur group CAFT – The Coalition to Abolish the Fur Trade – demonstrate naked to denounce the breeding and use of animals for fur production in Nice, southeastern France. AFP


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

worldneWS nuti no teIA neI AO

Arctic Ocean ‘acidifying rapidly’ Scientists predict major changes to Arctic’s marine ecosystems BeRGeN – Scientists are expressing alarm over the rapid acidiication of the arctic Ocean caused by carbon dioxide emissions, which could have dire consequences on the region’s fragile ecosystem. acidity levels in the planet’s oceans have risen by 30 per cent since the start of the industrial era, and are now at their highest levels in at least 55 million years, delegates said at a conference in Bergen, norway dedicated to the subject. the ocean surrounding the arctic is rapidly becoming more acidic, according to a new report tabled at the conference. Scientists from the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (aMaP) have been monitoring widespread changes in ocean chemistry in the region. They say even if CO2 emissions stopped now, it would take tens of thousands of years for arctic Ocean chemistry to revert to pre-industrial levels. Many creatures, including commercially valuable fish, could be affected. they forecast major changes in the marine ecosystem, but say there is huge uncertainty over what those changes will be. It is well known that CO2 warms the planet, but less wellknown that it also makes the alkaline seas more acidic when it is absorbed from the air. absorption is particularly fast in cold water so the Arctic is especially susceptible, and the recent decreases in summer sea ice have exposed more sea surface to atmospheric CO2. The arctic’s vulnerability is exacerbated by increasing lows of freshwater from rivers and melting land ice, as freshwater is less effective at chemically neutralising the acidifying effects of CO2. the researchers say the nordic Seas are acidifying over a wide range of depths – most

‘We have already passed critical thresholds. even if we stop emissions now, acidiication will last tens of thousands of years.’ quickly in surface waters and more slowly in deep waters. The report’s chairman, Richard Bellerby from the Norwegian Institute for Water research, told BBC news that they had mapped a mosaic of different levels of ph across the region, with the scale of change largely determined by the local intake of freshwater. “Large rivers flow into the Arctic, which has an enormous catchment for its size,” he said. “There’s slow mixing so in effect we get a sort of freshwater lens on the top of the sea in some places, and freshwater lowers the concentration of ions that buffers ph change. The sea ice has been a lid on the arctic, so the loss of ice is allowing fast uptake of CO2.” This is being made worse, he said, by organic carbon running off the land – a secondary effect of regional warming. “Continued rapid change is a certainty,” he said. “We have already passed critical thresholds. even if we stop emissions now, acidiication will last tens of thousands of years. It is a very big experiment.” the research team monitored decreases in seawater pH of about 0.02 per decade since the late 1960s in the Iceland and Barents seas. Chemical effects related to acidiication have also been encountered in surface waters of the Bering Strait and the Canada Basin of the central Arctic

The Arctic Ocean is also fed fresh water from rivers and melting ice, which makes it less able chemically to neutralise the acidiication efects of the carbon dioxide, scientists say. AFP Ocean. Scientists estimate that the average acidity of surface ocean waters worldwide is now about 30 per cent higher than before the industrial revolution. the researchers say there is likely to be major change to the Arctic marine ecosystem as a result. A little-known phenomenon that is spread unevenly in bodies of water, including in the Arctic, acidification poses a threat to corals, mollusks and other shell organisms such as pteropods, also known as sea angels and sea butterlies, whose ability to calcify has been altered. Some species, such as the brittle star which is similar to a starfish, face a direct risk of extinction, and ish stocks may also be affected. as a result, industrial ishing, tourism and the lifestyles of in-

digenous peoples are at stake. however, other species could beneit from the rising acidiication, scientists said. “uncertainty is not an excuse for inaction,” said Sam Dupont of Sweden’s Gothenburg University. Scientists called for politi-

cians to once again put climate change at the top of the political agenda, regretting that the issue had been overshadowed by the economic crisis. “We have to think beyond this bank crisis,” said Carol turley of the Plymouth Marine Laboratory in Britain.

the Arctic region contains a vast ice-covered ocean roughly centred on the earth’s geographic North Pole. humans have inhabited the Arctic region for thousands of years, and the current population is four million. - BBC

Tell me an udder story

Cassava threatened

DaKaR – Scientists and agriculture experts are meeting in Bellagio, Italy this week to work out how to ight a deadly plant virus that has been annihilating cassava crops in east africa for nearly a decade. Recent outbreaks of this “rapidly proliferating” virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo and angola have sparked fears that the epidemic is pushing into West Africa, and could reach Nigeria, the world’s largest producer and consumer of the cassava plant. Cassava, a tropical root vegetable, could be the miracle crop of africa. It grows well in poor quality soil and high temperatures, making it resistant to climate change. It requires little labor to grow. Its roots are rich in carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. It is already a dietary staple throughout the continent, and it could feed more.

Cassava can also be used as an industrial starch to produce plywood, textiles and paper - something that experts say could change African economies and that countries like nigeria are already beginning to invest in. But cassava diseases have been shortchanging farmers in africa for a century. One particularly deadly virus, Cassava Brown Streak Disease, began ravaging cassava fields in east africa 10 years ago and has now moved as far west as the Democratic Republic of Congo. Brown streak disease is spread in two ways – by white lies, of which scientists say there are no shortage in affected countries, and by infected stem cuttings, which farmers use instead of seeds to plant their ields. “The disease is not very obvious on the plant itself,” explained Claude Fauquet, a plant virologist who heads the Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st

Century. “The plant is growing fairly well, but the disease is obvious on the roots when they harvest, but when they harvest, it’s too late. “So in short, there is really nothing that farmers can do and therefore solutions have to come from scientists and different organisations that would be capable of offering farmers virus-free material and to select, to breed material, genotypes of cassava that would be resistant to the disease.” he said scientists have developed a strain of cassava that is resistant to the virus and are trying it out in Tanzania. They then must go village-byvillage, getting farmers to plant that new super strain. experts say brown streak disease could cut cassava production in half on the continent. as many as 300 million africans could be affected. - VOA

Two cows catch up on gossip in the herd during a traditional agricultural spring fair in huddinge, a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. AFP


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

regionalneWS nuti no te PA enuA

Triumph for Gaston Flosse Political about turn in FP with Tahoeraa clear winner in run-of PAPeete – Voters in French

Polynesia elected the party of political veteran Gaston Flosse amid anger over unemployment in the Paciic paradise. Flosse’s Tahoeraa huiraatira Party has emerged the clear winner in unoficial results after the second round of voting, beating the incumbent Oscar Temaru-led Union of Democracy (UDLP) .

Analysts say the pro-independence incumbent Temaru had confused voters by trying to register Polynesia on the UN’s list of Non-Self-Governing Territories – a list of nations that the international body considers as colonised. the French territory, which enjoys a high degree of autonomy, has seen 13 different governments rule in quick succes-

paciic BRIeFS G77 meetinG underway in siGatoKa FIJI – Fiji is hosting a G77 two day meeting which began yesterday. Prime Minister commodore Frank Bainimarama told Islands Business that Fiji is looking forward to the high level meeting particularly the representation from countries outside the Paciic region. He added the President of Bolivia Evo Morales, will be chief guest during the meeting. The G77 is the largest association of developing countries in United Nations which not only promotes technical and commercial co-operation, but also forms a politicaleconomic bloc with a better negotiating capacity. It was created in 1964 and groups 130 nations. G77 members have increasingly recognised that solutions to many of their development challenges are similar in nature and can be efectively addressed through partnerships between and amongst themselves.

need For Vet serViCe in ameriCan samoa AMERIcAN SAMOA –The co-founder of an American Samoa pet lovers organisation says there is a big need for animal services in the territory. The organisation, Alofa Mo Meaola, recently spayed, neutered and conducted health check-ups for about 150 dogs and cats, in partnership with the Department of Agriculture which has not had a vet for almost a year. The co-founder, Moana King says Hawaiian veterinarians conducted 100 animal check-ups in the territory in February and the Department of Agriculture already has a list of 200 people who have signed up their pets for appointments in June.

FaCebooK Comment results in arrest VANUATU – Vanuatu police say that a local journalist has been arrested for publishing a seditious statement about the government on the internet. Gratien Tiona was arrested this morning over his comment on a popular Facebook forum that he was praying that the aircraft transporting the council of Ministers back to Port Vila following its meeting in Torba would crash. George Twomey, who heads the criminal investigation division, says the arrest was made following a complaint laid by Prime Minister Moana carcasses. chief inspector Twomey says Tiona’s statement was considered unlawful and a threat to the peace.

Funds needed For media ombudsman THE PACIFIC – The co-ordinator of the online media group Paciic Freedom Forum says one of the aims of having a regional media self regulation in the form of an ombudsman is to instill conidence in the press. Paciic Media organisations gathered in Solomon Islands last week for World Press Freedom Day resolved to establish a Paciic Media Ombudsman by the same day next year. A taskforce has been established to set up a Paciic Media Ombudsman system over the next six months and Jason Brown says that group will approach donors for set-up funding.

Fa’aFaFines no lonGer outside tHe law SAMOA – The president of the Samoa Fa’afaine Association says fa’afaine are relieved that it is no longer illegal to impersonate a woman. Fa’afaine describes a cultural tradition in Samoa in which males are brought up and live their lives as females. Under the new crimes Act which came into force last week the crime of impersonating a woman has been scrapped. To’oto’oali’i Roger Stanley said the revised laws has brought huge relief, despite the fact that section of the crimes Ordinance 1961 had not been enforced for decades.

two in Hospital aFter House stoned SAMOA – A grandmother and her eight-year-old granddaughter are ighting for their lives at the national hospital in Samoa following a stoning incident at the village of Faleasi’u-uta last Friday night. The 58-year-old grandmother and her granddaughter went to see a relative who is visiting from New Zealand at Faleasi’u when the incident happened. A disagreement between the victims’ family and a neighbour ended with the family home being allegedly stoned by the family next door. The adult sustained injuries to her head and left eye while the child sufered a broken arm and a dislocated shoulder. The woman’s husband told the Samoa Observer: “I don’t understand exactly what happened but all I know is that it is not right to throw stones at a house that is full of children and elderly people.”

sion since 2004 when Temaru irst came to power. Flosse’s party won just over 45 per cent of votes in the second round of territorial elections that took place Sunday and aims to select 57 representatives in the assembly of French Polynesia, who will in turn pick the president. Following a big loss in the previous elections in 2008, it’s a stunning comeback for the tahoeraa, as well as for Flosse personally after being shunned for years by the French elite. Temaru’s UPLD won just over 29 per cent of the vote, and Teva rohfritsch, another candidate who used to have a close relationship with Flosse, got 25.6 per cent. Temaru and Flosse have largely dominated French Polynesia’s political landscape since 2004. The victory of Flosse, an old friend of former French president Jacques Chirac, is a signiicant defeat for temaru, who is seen as paying for the territory’s dramatic economic and social crisis. unemployment in the territory, which has a population of 270,000, is estimated to be around 20 to 30 per cent, and a fifth of the population lives below the poverty line. Flosse – who ruled French Polynesia for 13 years until 2004 – is not without his own problems, having been charged recently in corruption cases

which he is currently appealing. Flosse could be forced to quit politics later this year if he loses an appeal in Paris. the defeated union For Democracy says that electing Flosse with his criminal convictions will bring shame on the territory, but the Flosse’s deputy leader, edouard Fritch, predictably disagrees. “The bad image of French Polynesia is the image of what happened since 2004, all that change in the government and all that difficulty we have had to build the economy of this country.” he says the party’s success in the territorial election is due to the weak performance of the outgoing government led by Oscar Temaru. Fritch says rebuilding conidence will now be a key to reviving the economy. unlike their counterparts in the British empire, the remaining fragments of the French empire are treated as integral parts of France. their residents are French citizens, and they send representatives to the French parliament. But they also have their own more-or-less self-governing institutions. In the case of French Polynesia, an elected assembly which in turn elects a president for the territory. In Polynesia, the last decade or so has seen a bewildering succession of governments produced by the three-way rivalry

French Polynesia’s Gaston Flosse has led his party to victory. between Flosse, the grand old man of the anti-independence movement, his former lieutenant Gaston Tong Sang, and the pro-independence leader Oscar Temaru. Constantly shifting alliances have led to the presidency changing hands ten times among the three of them. The new assembly will meet next week and a new government will have to be formed by early June. - PNC

Oscar Temaru defeated.

Aid for drought hit Marshalls MaJURO – The australian Government has announced it will provide $US100,000 for the emergency supply of desalination units in Marshall Islands as the country struggles with an ongoing severe drought. The Marshallese Government is carrying out an assessment to determine the drought’s impact but already agricultural capacity has been severely reduced. Authorities declared a state of emergency in april followed by a disaster status. an estimated 5000 people in the northern atolls are experi-

encing severe drought conditions with an additional 11,000 people affected by continued dry weather and loss of crops. the Australian Foreign Minister, Bob Carr, says the Marshallese government requested australia’s assistance in order to save lives and protect food supply in the northern atolls. Several international relief organisations, including the International Organisation for Migration, are assisting the Marshallese Government in carrying out its assessment. The International Organisa-

tion for Migration’s Mission Chief for the Marshall Islands, ashley Carl, said they have started deploying emergency relief supplies. “We’ve sent out some collapsible water jars and actually illed them up with water in Majuro and sent out over 450 of these,” he said. “They’ll be going out today together with hygiene kits, which ensure that the populations can maintain their hygiene and sanitation needs to prevent communicable disease that can happen during these severe

drought conditions.” Carl says initial reports from the affected communities indicate a dire situation. “At the moment, it seems that many of them only have one gallon per family per day, and the well water is not drinkable in many of these islands currently,” he said. “their garden patches may have died and their staple foods, like their bread, fruit and bananas, have also been affected.” Carl says it will take several days for the assessment teams to inish their work. - ABC

Asked to think about workers

SYDNeY – trade unions in Australia and New Zealand have launched a joint campaign urging tourists visiting Fiji to support workers’ rights. The Destination Fiji website and social media campaign asks visitors to send messages to their respective foreign ministers and Fiji’s interim prime minister Commodore Frank Bainimarama.

Australian Council of trade Unions President Ged Kearneysays they want tourists to think carefully about the political situation in Fiji – rather than avoid visiting the country altogether. “This campaign is not about asking people to stay away from Fiji,” she said. “It’s saying when you do go to Fiji or if you’re considering Fiji as a holiday destination, just

don’t think it’s purely the tropical paradise that it’s portrayed to be.” “there are people who are indeed suffering under a very repressive military regime.” The campaign website says human rights and workers’ rights in Fiji have been under attack since the 2006 coup, with many workers earning less than three dollars an hour and those

speaking out against the regime facing threats and assault. Kearney says at least 60 per cent of Fijian wage earners are living below the poverty line. She says she understands the campaign may have an impact on workers in the local tourism industry but this could create an “activist base” for putting further pressure on the government. - ABC

Aussie PM to visit Papua New Guinea PORT MOReSBY – australia’s

Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, will make her first visit to Papua New Guinea later this week. Gillard will arrive in Port Moresby on Thursday where she will attend a state dinner hosted

by her PNG counterpart, Prime Minister Peter O’Neill. She will have a formal meeting with O’Neill and his cabinet on Friday. the leaders are expected to discuss aid, a new economic partnership treaty, the Manus

Island detention centre and PNG’s bid to host the 2018 aPeC summit. Gillard will also meet PNG’s Governor-General, Sir Michael Ogio, and the Opposition leader, Belden Namah. She is expected to address the

PNG Chamber of Commerce and visit a $US19 billion liqueied natural gas (LNG) project. During her three-day trip, Gillard will visit the Bomana War Cemetery and meet local women at the Gerehu market. - ABC


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Paciic’s lost birds

tHe PACIFIC – Human colonisation of the Paciic led to the loss of thousands of species of land birds – or 10 per cent of global bird biodiversity, a recent study has shown. Human colonisation caused the extinction of as many as 1300 bird species thousands of years ago on the Paciic islands, scientists now say. Among the lost species were large waterfowl from hawai’i known as moa-nalos and a massive game bird from New Caledonian called the Sylviornis, which weighed about 30 kilograms. But lying birds were driven to extinction as well. “If we take into account all the other islands in the tropical Paciic, as well as seabirds and songbirds, the total extinction toll is likely to have been around 1300 bird species,” said study co-author Tim Blackburn, director of the Institute of Zoology. Between 700 and 3500 years ago, ancient seafarers colonised the remote islands scattered across the Paciic Ocean, hunting local birds and deforesting the islands. Once the irst Paciic islanders arrived, bird species died out rapidly. The finding published in Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences, show large lightless birds such as the New Zealand moa and Paciic island rails were more vulnerable to extinction. Lead author, Professor richard Duncan of the Institute for applied ecology at the University of Canberra, says although the widespread extinction of birds in the Pacific between 700 and 3500 years ago has long been known, there has been debate over the true extent of the losses. the study also suggests that european colonisation in the Paciic caused a second wave of extinctions. estimates have ranged from about 800 to up to 2000 bird species and up to 8000 extinctions of local island populations. Duncan says the main problem in understanding the loss of bird life has been the incomplete fossil record from the islands.

“Consequently, many extinct bird species remain to be discovered, confounding attempts to quantify more precisely the number and type of species lost across the region,” the study says. Duncan and colleagues have filled this gap by using the “mark-recapture approach” to estimate the number of unknown extinct species of nonpasserine, or non-perching, land birds. These birds include species such as water fowl, birds of prey, parrots, ducks, geese and rails, as opposed to passerine or perching songbirds that include wrens, crows and lyrebirds. “If you know what species are on an island now and can look to see how many of these are in the fossil record, you can estimate the probability of inding a species in the fossil record,” he says. “You can then use this to infer what you are missing.” the study looked at the fossil records of 41 remote islands in the eastern Paciic that were among the last to be colonised by humans. a total of 618 populations of 193 nonpasserine landbirds were identified on the 41 islands, comprising 371 populations present at the time of european contact and 247 populations known only as fossils. Duncan says this suggests nearly two-thirds of the landbird populations vanished in the years between the arrival of the irst humans and european colonisation. the researchers extended these indings to the wider Pacific region – excluding new Zealand – and identified another 269 Pacific islands large enough and isolated enough to support island-endemic species. “the results imply that human colonisation of remote Pacific islands caused the global extinction of at least 983 nonpasserine landbird species,” they conclude. Duncan says it is harder to put a igure on extinctions of nonpasserine sea birds as, because their range is widespread, it is harder to drive them to complete extinction. And although it is thought that extinctions of passerine

birds also occurred, this was more likely due to habitat loss as they were too small to be hunted. “they suffered more after european arrival with the introduction of predators such as rats and cats,” says Duncan. the study also shows wide variability in extinction rates between islands with lower rates of extinction on larger islands and on islands with higher rainfall. Duncan says the conditions and topography of these islands meant there were areas of land either too mountainous or dense to be cut down. “the persistence of forest habitat offered a refuge for birds,” says Duncan. Duncan says the study shows lightless species were 33 times more likely to go extinct than species able to fly due to overhunting as a food source by humans. Species endemic to a single island were also 24 times more likely to go extinct that widespread species. he says there is no doubt humans caused the mass extinction event: “This is pretty well accepted because it coincides so well with humans’ arrival.” the scientists excluded new Zealand from their primary analysis of Paciic islands, due to the fact that the archipelago is well-studied and less subject to the same uncertainties as other islands. new Zealand is the most welldocumented case of how human colonisation and the ensuing overhunting can devastate island bird life. The country has lost over 30 per cent of its native land birds, the most notable of which is the moa, which was able to grow over three metres tall. But that extinction rate is still relatively low by Paciic island standards. New Zealand’s large size, rugged topography, and plentiful rains set it apart from other islands in the region and have allowed species that would have otherwise gone extinct, such as the lightless takahe, kiwi and kakapo, to survive. - PNC

In a study, researchers have identiied teeth from eight species of shark on 122 weapons and teeth collections from the Gilbert Islands. Two of the shark species no longer exist. PNC

Ancient tools clues to missing shark species tHe PACIFIC – nineteenth century tools made from sharks’ teeth suggest that two species of shark used to populate the Central Paciic but are no longer present. using artefacts from museums, a team of uS researchers found that spot-tail and dusky sharks used to inhabit the reefs surrounding the Gilbert Islands. the unusual historical data would help evaluate the success of ecological conservation measures, they added. The indings have been published in the scientiic journal PLoS One. In their paper, the team from the Field Museum of natural History, Chicago, and Columbia University, New York, said indigenous artefacts often represented an “under-utilised source of data”. “By examining the materials we can gain access to the flora and fauna present during the time of their construction,” they wrote. “When these materials are assigned to a particular species, they can indicate which species were present in the past.” they said historical artefacts could be used to provide important insights in the absence of historical ecological data and

provide an important irst step in the assessment of the effectiveness of current conservation methods. They observed that as shark teeth were “diagnostic to species”, the artefacts allowed the team to identify some of the species that where present in the waters around the islands when the weapons were manufactured, between 1840 and 1898. “When combined with historical records, these identifications allow us to reconstruct the shark community,” they explained. “In doing so, we are able to identify how the baseline of an apex predatory community has shifted over time.” Spot-tail sharks (Carcharhinus sorrah), listed in the IuCn red List as near threatened, are now primarily found in coastal regions around the Indian Ocean and the south-eastern Asian shores of the Pacific Ocean. Meanwhile, dusky sharks (Carcharhinus obscurus) are listed as Vulnerable because they are slow-growing and reach ages in the region of 40 years (compared with eight years for spot-tail sharks). Sharks are considered to be vital organisms within central Pacific ecosystems, influenc-

ing the food chains within reef habitats and the composition of species found in and around reef community. the researchers highlighted that these two species, like other species around the globe, were facing severe conservation threats, such as direct pressure from isheries. “A major source of mortality comes from the demand for shark ins, often for sale in asian markets for shark in soup,” they said. the researchers added that, globally, shark populations were declining and had “dropped by as much as 99 per cent in areas where there was active ishing pressure”. In the case of the Gilbert Islands, the scientists suggested that the loss of the two shark species from the reefs’ ecosystem may have had an impact. They observed: “When baseline perception are shifted to a more degraded state, they hamper conservation actions by providing goals that may be less ambitious or less capable of true conservation and restoration. “In order for conservation measures to recapture the vivid splendour of past coral reefs, it is critical to describe what a healthy reef community looked - BBC like in the past.”

Finning the culprit

The New Zealand takahe, a lightless or passerine bird indigenous to New Zealand, is a survivor of the some 1,300 Paciic bird species thought to have become extinct since humans colonised the Paciic. PNC

tArAWA – researchers say the disappearance of two species of shark from the reefs surrounding Kiribati could be linked to shark-inning. The researchers have been studying a collection of vicious weapons made of shark teeth and dating back to the 1840s. Ichthyologist Joshua Drew from Columbia University says the findings reveal two species of sharks – the spotin and dusky sharks – started disappearing from the Gilbert Islands about 100 years ago. he said that’s about the same time as the practice of sharkinning became popular. “We do know by 1910 there was already a well established shark-inning industry and by 1950, almost 3,500 kilograms

of shark fins, not whole shark bodies, but ins alone were being exported out,” he said. “So, you connect the lines as you were, and it looks like human exploitation was probably a very key reason why these species are no longer found.” the researchers found the nearest population for a spotin is in the Solomon Islands, while the dusky remains in Fiji. Dr Drew says other shark species in Kiribati may also be showing signs of stress. “It certainly is a case that you don’t find many large sharks near the capital, and you have to go to fairly remote and distant islands to be able to ind healthy shark populations,” he said. “So there does seem to be the relationship that the more peo-

ple you have, the less sharks you have.” Dr Drew says cultural links with sharks are also being lost as species come under threat. “We’ve got a really great case study about people who care about sharks, who have a really personal relationship with sharks,” he said. “To the people of Kiribati, sharks aren’t the ‘faceless maneaters’ that are out there, they’re part and parcel of their culture. “The people of the Gilbert Islands involved their culture with these two sharks being present and we have to think that when we have practices which harm shark populations, we’re also harming the people who have special relationships with sharks.” - PNC


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

LetterS reta

Uniting family and tribe Dear editor, In response to ‘Pa Ariki was the judge and jury’ (May 3) and its references to practices in the 18th century - before people launch into tirades about other people’s manners, they should ask themselves what constitutes ‘manners’ and then discriminate between what is considered correct or unacceptable social behaviour. Who is to say that this century is worse off, than the 18th century with respect to manners? During the 18th century, it was common for writers to use pen names or pseudonyms. There are a number of reasons

why people choose to write under a pen name, especially in a small community where their opinions and views may have repercussions on their families or jobs. You can choose to either ignore them or to respond. Since the 18th century, the roles and functions of traditional leaders have certainly changed. We now live in a society where democracy is an important value. The role of the court is to maintain and protect democracy, the rule of law and to ensure justice is upheld at all times. Not all traditional leaders were benevolent, generous and caring towards their families

and tribe. Some of the functions of our traditional leaders have been replaced by democracy. The courts have been used to resolve title disputes because it’s obvious that the family and tribe cannot. It is not another means of slurring Pa ariki’s name. It is not the irst time that Pa ariki’s conduct, attitude and behaviour has been brought into the public arena. In 2004, Pa ariki’s siblings supported their younger sister, in an unsuccessful application before the court to remove the Pa ariki title from Marie Pa. The 2004 court decision made reference to Pa ariki’s conduct and attitude and states:

“I have read about Pa Marie and observed her demeanour and her attitude in the witness box. I am bound to say that I ind it autocratic and to some extent arrogant. There was certain lippancy in the way in which she answered questions. She was unprepared to make any concession in answers to the questions that were given”. Further, the court “ ...endorsed the hope for conciliation and peace in this family. It needs a conciliatory approach to be made. Some magnanimity, some swallowing of pride and humbling of the parties to try to get together...” One of the challenges facing

traditional leaders is their ability to unite family and tribe and to lead effectively and impartially in times of conlict. Inappropriate and hurtful comments directed towards individuals and families by a traditional leader can cause divisiveness and conflict within and between families. I’m referring to a comment that I found particularly offensive, coming from a Paramount chief that was directed at Taraare Mataiapo’s family, calling them ‘utu panu’ and being ‘adopted out’. This family was not adopted out of Ngati Maoate. There have been a number of inter-family adop-

tions within the families. The derogatory comments highlight the cruel biases and prejudices that exist against adopted children in families and those biases should not go unchallenged. It is especially unacceptable when coming from a Paramount chief. In answer to the question “is ‘respect’ a word that got left behind in the 18th century?” Respect for a person develops over time and depends on a person’s character and integrity. If you are respectful to others than you are more likely to be treated with respect. Lynnsay rongokea Francis tupapa

Travel costs claim a smoke screen Dear editor, I refer to statements made in your Smoke Signals column last Friday under the heading ‘travel cost not lower’, by the poor bastard who either has no name or doesn’t have the balls to name himself. anyone can hide behind a

QualityCoffee served by the

CookIslands Baristaofthe Year 2013

smoke screen and fabricate igures to bring into disrepute the statement by the Clerk of Parliament that travel by ministers of the current government are within the Civil List provision, but does he have the balls to come out of the smoke and prove it? I think not editor, so his claim shall remain what it is, a smoke screen! the essence of my letter of Wednesday last week (tax the

rich, not the poor) was that we are caught up in a recession not of our making and being aid dependent we are vulnerable, and that regardless which party is in power its ministers will be compelled to travel and source funds to keep our economy aloat. as to the political spin this political junkie with no balls applied to my statement, it exists in his mind only and a sad case of imagination running wild.

On his comment that I tried to invest other people’s money in new Zealand and here in the Cook Islands, it’s a classic case of duh! I did bring some $12 million to the Cook Islands and bought some hotels to redevelop under the Unit Titles act 2005 provisions, to trial the unit titling process, as after all I sponsored that act. That money, editor, was leveraged against my own assets in new Zealand

and mine, not some investors’ money as he imagined it to be. and yes investors from New Zealand did follow me to the Cook Islands and invested in unit titles generated by me, all of which were registered in the high Court for anyone to see. And anyone inspecting those sales will see that investors invested in the unit titles I generated and not me. But of course a recession not of our making

came along and now we are all poor bastards, so excuse me if I think government ministers should get out there and hustle some bucks to keep our economy aloat, instead of sitting around here and watching our people depart our ailing economy! and by the way, editor, I don’t need to grease up to any government – I am retired and have no need for a government job! tepaki

Alcohol won it over water! Dear editor, I just spent a week in Aitutaki recently, and I was taken aback by a deep feeling of being reattached to my roots. I have had papas and mamas that I used to visit every time I’m at home,

but this last trip was a bundle mixed of joy and sadness tangled in one. There is so much to do at home, but I was not able to stretch my short stay there, to address everything. The delay to the Vaimaru

water project in Aitutaki is puzzling a lot of my people there, and I don’t blame them either. But the alternative diversion of funds onto the aitutaki Game Fishing Club is a wealth-eroding waste of money, a ridiculous pri-

oritizing malpractice, or should I say, an inconsiderate pleasure for a few. Personally, I would have opted for the water project ahead of the Game Fishing Club. teaupapa (Amuri) needs a new water pump to crank it through, then realign the pump at Vaitekea down to the mouth or path of the water low, install pumps at the Pu ava (next to the Upu resident) to avoid road being constantly damaged during every down pour, then, if you can increase your volume low, you may not have to open Vaimaru up. But, it is critically important for the government to address the above first. eventually, all government water tanks around the island must be cleaned, repaired, and utilized for water storage. That’s not hard, is it? The budget may be way below the Fishing Club’s one. I am convinced, what about you? Whoever decided to spend this amount of money on this facility did a great job to convince the donor to endorse this

project. Personally, I vaguely see any benefit - it’s a murky kind of investment supposedly to induce a hive for tourism, it’s decrepit and it’s a dilapidated money lushing exercise if you ask me. the only people who are attracted to this joint are Cook Islanders who love the bottoms up trade. I believe that the tourism concept was only a camoulage just to access funding; but good on them for asking. Naturally enough, you have to revisit your iscal position and review it as an individual focus; because everyone’s inancial position differs. I am not familiar with the funding and the implementation timing for these two projects, however, as a Cook Islander, I am obligated to raise my concerns. Ka tano rai ia reo e, kua ori a puaka ua to kumikumi, kua rere taaka ua to konakona, otooto ei te tangi o te Torea e….na-nu-nanu e.. Te akaroa, te akaroa, te akaroa. teuira Ka ngatangiia

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Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

localneWS nuti no roto i te IPuKAreA

A tribute to Maori Rangatira Dear editor, I want to pay personal tributes to a friend, a true rangatira, Parekura Horomia, and the late arapeta Tahana. Parekura, I believe, was a descendant of te-Aitanga-aMahaki, from ngati Porou (east Coast) and Arapeta from ngati Pikiao of te Arawa (rotorua). I first met Parekura in rotorua while he was in charge of the Community employment

Group of the Department of Labour, following his successful work programme in the east Coast of aotearoa. at the time, I was based in Rotorua, running the vocational guidance service, which was also part of the employment and Vocational Guidance Service, another section of the Labour Department which dealt with unemployment. arapeta and I have been close friends for many years, as he was

Maori adviser to government in employment and educational issues. Parekura and Arapeta were towers of strength amongst their Maori people all over the country. In Rotorua, both were highly respected amongst the kaumatua (elders) and youth. arapeta was chairman of te Arawa trust Board for some years. Parekura on the other hand initiated programmes that suited

young unemployed Maori and Pacific Islanders. Parekura was a regular visitor to arapeta for friendly advice on some Maori issues and for me on the Paciic Islands issues. Conjointly, we used to co-ordinate Maori programmes on marae and for the Pacific Islands programmes in church halls, in the North Island. Both Parekura and Arapeta were great fun to work with, with their hard-case Maori hu-

mour and jokes. Parekura came through the ranks of a practical work co-ordinator to becoming a Crown Minister (Maori affairs). Arapeta on the other hand was an academic, holding many teaching and government posts, including the CeO for the Rotorua Institute of Technology, before he managed his own consultancy company. na reira e aku nga rangatira, Parekura korua ko Arapeta, haere

Letters atu ra hoki ra ki tena kainga tuturu o taua o te tangata. haere hoki atu ra ki o korua tupuna e noho mai ra kit e tua o te arahi, aa. ki hawaiki roroa, ki hawaiki paamamao, ki te poo tangotango. hoki atu raa! Nandi Glassie Minister of Health and Agriculture

CIRL’s double standards exposed Dear editor, I am a Panthers and Bulldogs supporter as both my sons play for their respective clubs and I would not want any club to be penalized unjustly and treated with prejudice by the CIRL executives. When I read and deliberate over why the Bulldogs were penalized and what penalty they were awarded, I could not help but make inquiries amongst other clubs on what ines they received for commit-

ting the same breach. This is what I found out. Ngatangiia Sea eagles were ined $100 for playing an overseas player in their game against Takuvaine Warriors without clearance from CIRL. The penalty for this is a forfeiture of the winner’s points. Instead a ine was imposed and the points remained with Sea eagles. this is a clear example of double standards implemented by the CIRL executive. It therefore conirms my inkling

that the CIRL executive implement double standards and are prejudiced towards the Bulldogs. When you allow a different penalty for one team over the other – it is simply unfair. as for the deinition of overseas players; this needs to be removed and replaced with the term ‘import player’ meaning the club is allowed to bring non-Cook Islanders to play for the club from overseas, with the restriction of three only. this allows for unlimited ac-

cess to contracted immigrant workers and their children to play the game without any penalty to the club, given many clubs are struggling to maintain their numbers. Let me give you an example of what happened to my son. he brought some of his friends to a training session, they happened to be children of contracted immigrant workers. They were told they could not play because they were immigrant children. My son is 10

Panthers imports slick, sharp and strong Dear editor, Congratulations to the Panthers for an outstanding game on home turf against the feisty and at times fisty Sea eagles. Panther supporters without doubt supported their executive’s wise investment in their three import players from Fiji. the most prominent feature of the three Fijian import players is that they are God-fearing young men. They know what is required of them and they

understand the importance of their performance on and off the ield. This means no alcohol and an attitude to work hard during training and on the field. It’s a formula to making it to the grand inals and winning it! When they walked into our church smartly dressed and members of the church were congratulating them on a ine performance, their humble response was “Glory to God”. this type of response from

rugby league players is unheard of in the Cook Islands. God is often provided lip service for the goodness he provides to all of us but these three Fijian players bring another angle to how sport can be played. As for our local players within the Panthers, nothing but more than good comradeship, clean play and responsible leadership. embracing qualiied immigrant workers that meet the 12 months of living in the Cook

Islands plus the three import players and then combining them with the village’s high and steadfast caliber players is a combination that will win the hearts of all who live in the village of tupapa – Cook Islanders and non-Cook Islanders. I can hear the God of Moses say to the Panthers, “Blessed are those who love me for I will bless them and raise them to victory”. ten Commandments (name and address supplied)

Who gave students drugs? a SMOKe SIGNaLLeR writes: “Thanks to New Zealand Maori school teacher nicky Kerr for her letter to the editor of Monday (Punished for the rest of their lives). Sometimes it takes an offshore view point to remind us that we are often behind the times, and especially so in our attitudes to cannabis. Didn't the commissioner of Police last week promise to answer the question as to how the investigation was going into who supplied the weed to these children? the children know, now don't they? If it's an older student, or an adult, someone knows, don't they? What kind of a coward lets children take the rap alone? Wonder if there isn't a retired lawyer out there who intends to find out who supplied the weed and bring a private criminal prosecution against the coward if the Police fail to do so? You know who you are who handed the weed to the children; you might want to bite the bullet and confess before you ind yourself asking a JP for name suppression on criminal charges against you.”

touGH on booZe

“VISITING Judge Potter has inally done what our own Justices of the Peace should have been doing for so long – locking up the heavy beer drinkers who endanger us all on the road,” a smoke signaller writes. “The judge heard a plea for a non-custodial sentence because the drunk driver has a child to feed. Perhaps her honour knows what some of us seem to have forgotten – this is Polynesia and children are raised by an extended family. Now all that we need is for the justice system to recognise that people caught up in alcohol abuse are ill and need care and rehabilitation. If they don't get that while serving time then we are perhaps doomed to a never ending cycle of pain and suffering while government rakes in the tax dollars on the booze.”

supportinG Gay riGHts

“tHAnKS to human rights advocate Lynnsay Francis for speaking

up for our brothers and sisters born with a preference for their own gender,” a smoke signaller writes in response to yesterday’s p7 article ‘Gay couples’ rights need protecting’. “Mr Prime Minister, Bishop Tutai Pere and all who think it is your job to tell us how to live our private lives – you must have gone to a different Sunday school than

the one I attended. I was taught "God is Love". You moral dictators must have decided the only kind of love is the love you recognise. Clearly you know more than God.”

pensioners’ taX

a SMOKe SIGNaLLeR writes to TXT188: “The prime minister is blam-

ing everyone except himself for the Grey Power pounding that he is getting. The inancial secretary is doing his best within the law. The pa metua don’t blame the public servant, they blame government, especially the PM, for misleading them in his speech on CITV news recently. They know the government has the power to change the law, so why not just get on with it?”

Crossed wires

a SMOKe SIGNaLLeR writes: “When Telecom said they had some great deals from May 1, I don’t think this is what we had in mind. I have no internet, I’ve got a new number and am getting calls from people I don’t know, and I’m wondering who has my number? I called my number and there was no answer, so maybe no one is getting the calls? Smoke Signals Heard a funny real-life story or something out of the ordinary? Smoke Signals will be accepted by e-mail (, text to 188 or a phone call to the newsroom on 22999You don’t have to pay any money and we don’t have to print your name. Please note that material that goes beyond the bounds of decent taste or is defamatory is not likely to be used. Don’t forget to give us your name and contact number in case we need to check details. All correspondence is conidential. Go on, smoke it!

years old. This ruling is unfair and its the true deinition of discrimination. Boundaries need to be clarified and restricted to the premier grade only. Let the children and their friends play rugby league. another ruling provided by the CIRL executives is the ine of $100 if clubs do not go to aitutaki. The cost of travelling to Aitutaki is approximately $6000. This includes transport to and from the airport, food and accommodation. The cost to play in aitutaki is high but the ine of $100 does not justify the $6000 that each of the clubs paid to travel to aitutaki.

CIrL rules and their penalties need to be correctly applied and justiied. at the moment it is clear that the rulings of CIrL in regards to exceeding quota of overseas players are applied differently amongst the clubs and as for the fines for not going to Aitutaki, the $100 ine does not justify the total investment put in by other clubs, and therefore the penalty of forfeiting points would be better applied here rather than a monetary ine; given the importance of accumulating points. tony tou Arorangi

Questions and answers on tax

Dear editor, In regards to Les Priest’s letter (An insult to senior citizens, april 29) -- if double-dipping means collecting a foreign government payment and also the Cook Islands pension simultaneously, then the answers to the two questions in his last paragraph are yes and yes. also, when it was decided to collect this tax it was back-dated. Bud Sheedy rarotonga EDITOR: Les Priest’s letter reiterated two questions posed

by letter writer ‘Curious’ to finance secretary Richard Neves: (1) are foreigners who receive pensions here from their own countries also liable for tax? (2) Is ‘double-dipping’ permissible? Neves has yet to respond to the questions. Letters to the Editor Readers are welcome to write in with their views and opinions, but letters may be edited for reasons of space or clarity. Real names will be kept conidential if requested but anonymous letters will not be accepted for publication. Write to: The Editor, Cook Islands News,


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Coastal mapping to ind future lood risk An environmental engineer

who has mapped parts of rarotonga for coastal disaster risk says his data will be put to such uses as estimating the value of coastal infrastructure and property. Matt Blacka is a senior project engineer from the water research laboratory at the University of new South Wales School of Civil and environmental engineering. he has been working alongside fellow engineers Duncan rayner and local Ben Parakoti on an engineering-based study on coastal adaption for extreme events and climate change. It is funded out of half a million dollars of Australian grant money under the Paciic adaption Strategies Assistance Programme (PaSaP). two other projects to help Cook Islanders adapt coasts for extreme events and climate change received funding from this pool. Blacka gave a progress update to around 30 people at a climate change and disaster risk management platform meeting yesterday.

In October last year the team started to go through existing studies, maps and research and pulled all the information together. They identiied gaps in things like topography, bathometric and geostational data. next they worked from 25,000 data survey points measured from Paradise Inn in eastern avarua to just past avatiu harbour. they are now looking at mapping hazards all the way to west end of the rarotonga International airport runway. Waves and storm surge in Nikao have been measured, with peak waves and wave runup recorded. Maps have been made of flooding from storm surge, looding through creeks, drains and over land area. Local engineers will be able to use this data when planning new infrastructure. The team used a combination of science and engineering to produce a coastal modelling analysis of hazard, loss, risk and damage predictions. they created digital terrain

models showing land height, which can be used for disaster planning. the data predicts risk in the next 20, 50 and 100 years through hazard maps. It looks at residential and commercial areas in avarua and shows how property values may be reduced because of damage from rising tides. “It’s about understanding risk at the moment to existing infrastructure, and how that risk might change in future because of things like storm surge,” said Blacka. he and Rayner will leave in two months but will be back later this year to hold public talks. they want to identify needs and build local capacity. Government will be able to use the data in such processes as building compliance and how it can be improved to suit climate changes, and building design details to cope with climate and disaster changes. there is not enough funding available to survey the whole of Rarotonga. - Calida Smylie

Senior project engineer Matt Blacka’s coastal research will be used to help government plan future infrastructure. 13050643

Paciic media ombudsman advances accountability neWS media across the region

move into an era of advanced accountability with adoption last week of a concept for a Pacific Media Ombudsman. Media organisations from five key Pacific nations yesterday agreed to the plan following talks in Honiara, Solomon Islands marking World Press Freedom Day today. “all members of the public

including governments of the day and other governance sectors can anticipate signiicantly enhanced accountability from member news media,” says PFF chair Titi Gabi, from Papua New Guinea. “This marks the irst time that island press have agreed to an independent regional body to monitor and review public complaints against news stories and

other media content.” a Paciic Media Ombudsman is intended to act as a backstop to existing media associations that address journalism ethics and other issues of public interest. “attempts have previously been made to introduce media councils at the national level in countries like the Cook Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu,” says Gabi.

“however industry disputes and political pressures have often combined to interrupt the progress of media accountability systems inside national borders.” establising a regional media watchdog will help ensure continuity of mechanisms to handle public complaints and concerns about news media. “This year's oficial theme for World Press Freedom Day is en-

couraging public spaces where people are 'safe to speak' on issues of the day”, says Gabi. “Media accountability systems like the PMO concept help build credibility for news media and creates an environment where media freedoms are respected rather than rejected and, sometimes, assaulted.” Representatives from media organisations in Vanuatu, Solo-

mon Islands, Cook Islands, tonga and attended the Honiara PFF talks, with additional support from non-attending delegates in Papua New Guinea and Fiji. PFF was founded in Samoa 2009 with a mission to promote awareness and support for article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights, dating from 1946. - PFF

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Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

The tradition of yolonga Dr Amelia Hokule’a Borofsky, who grew up in Pukapuka and Hawai’i, has returned to her childhood atoll to learn, teach and write. She holds her doctorate in community and cross-cultural psychology. She is a regular contributor to CI News and the Atlantic Magazine online. children usually go with the father or grandfather, like most know where you’ll be buried,” things in Pukapuka it remains lexible. The mother’s share of said one of the Katoas. I didn’t fully understand what children may go with her or with this meant until we started the her father or even with a beloved yolonga period for three weeks grandmother. Kani, a seven-year in Pukapuka. The yolonga is a old of Muliwutu, shows me with patrilineal unit meaning an in- pride the exact spot where she will be buried. When dividual gets buried down in rarotonga, I with their biologithe literal remember a Pukapukan cal or adopted father. meaning ive-year old asking me each cemetery or po of yolonga, “so where will you be has its own area with I am told, buried?” She was testing paternal sub-lineages means the my commitment to Puor wakavae. The vilmovement kapuka, essentially asklage of ngake has two of the ing me “so, are you for main po: Muliwutu people real?” You have to know and Matanga. Loto through where you come from in village has two main the passage order to know where you po: Tangalipule or are going. Tiltilowia and i Tua. of life. Pio Lavalua, chairman Yato village has three main po: Yamaunga, Yayi and of the Kau Wo Wolo, says the Yalongo. “This year,” said Wale- yolonga is a time “to know your wawa teingoa, of Muliwutu, roots.” We spend the days in the “we will paint signs for each of cemeteries literally pulling the the po as the younger genera- roots of the weeds around the tion don’t know all the proper ancestors. everyone gathers to names.” everyone knows exactly pull weeds in the early morning until noon, break for a midday where they will be buried. For these three weeks, “Where meal and rest from the sun and will you be buried?” becomes the then continues again in the evemost common question as if ask- nings. By all working together, ing about the weather. even a the cemeteries get de-weeded small child knows exactly where in three days. The next days get he or she will be buried. While spent laying down fresh sand, “WHen you’re born you already

Kani dariu cleaning around Johnny Katoa’s headstone in Muliwutu. 13050602 painting signs, cooking together, playing volleyball, playing cards and having a fishing competition. everyone lives together in their po for this period, sleeping outside and talking freely about death and burial. Some share stories of those who have passed, others look for their exact resting place. Some who recently moved back from New Zealand express confusion around where

to be buried. Genealogies, affiliations and ancestors all get discussed while everyone gathers for another shared meal and all-night card playing. There is ample time for prayer and play. I am reminded of spending Day of the Dead in Southern Mexico where we partied on the graves of the ancestors, drinking beer, eating pizza, and decorating the place with

orange marigolds. at the house in San Cristobal de las Casas, we made an altar with photos of all loved ones who passed, sugar skulls and other offerings. For a month, I looked at that altar every morning keeping death and ancestors in mind appreciating the sweetness and bitterness of life all the more. even when I worked in hospitals in America, dealing with death daily, we never talked about it. Pio Lavalua says, “part of the purpose is to know, to talk about death dimin-

ishes the trauma.” The literal meaning of yolonga, I am told, means the movement of the people through the passage of life. We all feel more connected. The yolanga becomes a time to hang out with people different from your usual village, solidifying the elegant cross-cutting social systems of Pukapuka. Pio Lavalua says, “No one gets lost here, there are so many systems of affiliation.” When you’re born, you already know where you’ll be buried, and that means




10 young Ataela in Tangalipule – the tradition of yolonga has just been held in Pukapuka.


Partnership for Paciic nations FOURTeeN Paciic island countries will be better supported after two major regional bodies joined hands. the needs and priorities expressed by Pacific island countries and territories will guide the renewed partnership between the United Nations Children’s Fund (unICeF) Pacific office and the Secretariat of the Paciic Community (SPC). a four-year memorandum of understanding (MOU) to strengthen the partnership for the health and development of Paciic Islanders was signed at the start of the month by both organisations. “The new MoU between unICeF and SPC recognises that our continued team work will reinforce our efforts to ensure that

Paciic children and youth grow up in a safe and protected environment and have access to the best health and education services possible,” said UNICeF Paciic representative Dr Isiye Ndombi. Between them, S PC and UNICeF Pacific cover a range of areas relating to human development, rights, security and statistics. The revised MOU replaces a previous agreement that was signed in 2008 and ended in 2011. “To increase their effectiveness and make the best use of resources, both agencies will harmonise their activities wherever possible in areas where they work together,” said SPC director-general Dr Jimmie Rodgers. “These activities cover data

management, health, education, disaster risk reduction, climate change adaption, water and sanitation, and youth issues. “This is a collaboration of two key partners which will yield many dividends for Paciic people.” The partnership between the two organisations will also cover areas such as policy analysis and advice, technical and financial support, research, development and implementation of programmes, risk reduction strategies, monitoring and evaluation. Rodgers and Ndombi will oversee the relationship between the two organisations. Annual consultations and regular meetings will take place to monitor and review partnership - Release progress.



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Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

localneWS nuti no roto i te IPuKAreA

Celebrating nursing in the Cooks tHIS WeeK the Cook Islands nurses Association marks International nurses Week from May 5-12 to celebrate nurses and their achievements. The celebration started on Sunday with a celebration mass at the St Joseph’s Cathedral in avarua. International nurses Week is a time to relect on the compassion, commitment and hard work of nurses and the positive impact they have on our community. The week is celebrated around the world to commemorate the anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth, culminating on Sunday May 12 for International Nurses Day. Nightingale laid the foundation of professional nursing within the 1860 establishment of her nursing school at St thomas Hospital in London, the first secular nursing school in the world, now part of Kings College London. She made many improvements to nursing and health care radically cut the death rate amid soldiers in the Crimean war as a consequence of her hard work, devotion and tuition of fellow nurses. The theme of this year’s celebration is ‘Closing the gap: Mil-

lennium Development Goals’. the International Council of nurses highlights, as the largest health care profession in the world, there is no doubt that nurses are key to the achievement of the MDGs. each and every day nurses care for patients and communities, and make a positive different in the lives of many. On some of the outer islands, people rely heavily or solely for their health care needs on nursing services especially those who are the only health practitioners on their islands. It is recognised that nurses have done much towards the achievement of the MDGs and to help shape and deliver sustainable goals and outcomes beyond 2015 and their efforts deserve recognition. today the Cook Islands nurses Association is proud to celebrate and values the contributions, and achievements of nurses throughout the country. the nurses association celebrates the Cook Islands Nurses achievements, recognising the new chief nursing officer ngakiri teaea; upoko Matapo the new MOh quality manager and nga Manea the new president for the Cook Islands

Cook Islands nurses: (back left to right) Mama Toranga John, Teio Kea, Teremoana Manavaroa, Moka Apera, Puapii Taurarii, (front row) Metua College, Ruina Tutai, PHN manager Rangi Tairi, Tearuru Takai and Rongo Ingaua. 13050679 Nurses association. the association is also delighted to celebrate and honour the achievement of elizabeth Iro as the irst nurse in the Cook Islands to be appointed as the Head of the Ministry of health. She is well known as a nurse in the region. In her years of full-time professional nursing, she has inspired many

nursing colleagues to pursue professional as well a personal goals, and has worked tirelessly to provide guidance and encouragement to the nurses in the Cook Islands. her leadership in nursing encompasses solid management skills, superb teaching ability, dedication to advancing and leading the profession of nursing and

of course mentoring. Congratulations Liz! as part of the celebration, the nurses will offer free screening for diabetes, obesity and hypertension in town at the Are tapaeanga opposite the police station from 8.30am2pm on Wednesday and all are welcome. a tree planting day will be held on Friday at the

Public health Department in Tupapa starting at 9am. the nurses will also attend a church service on Sunday May 12 at the Matavera Cook Islands Christian Church and the association extends an invitation to any nurse from overseas and our own retired nurses to join the service. - CINA

Creative Centre faces funding shortfall The CReaTIVe Centre has

missed out on long-term inding through the Social Impact Fund (SIF), and those involved with the centre say there is not enough money to cover their core operations. The Creative Centre stopped receiving core funding from the NZ aid Programme in 2008 – a fund that had kept the centre’s core operations going since 2005. Manager of the Creative Centre, Bob Kimiangatau, said the organisation has since registered with the Ministry of education. “the centre wanted to launch into a higher phase,” said Kimiangatau. “So we applied to the Ministry of education as a private school for adults who are differently abled.” Kimiangatau said the Ministry of education has provided between $106,000 and $111,000 each year to the Creative Centre, compared with the $160,000 to $180,000 the organisation received in previous years from the nZ Aid Programme. “We are very grateful for the money we receive from the ministry,” said Kimiangatau. “But there’s a shortfall of about $50,000 (to cover core operations).” The SIF is divided into longterm funding lasting three years to organisations that provide a service to vulnerable groups, and short-term funding for one-off initiatives, lasting 12 months. teresa Manarangi-trott of the Creative Centre board said the organisation had thought it would meet the criteria for long-term funding through the

SIF, but the funding was not approved. She said the centre is still waiting to hear whether it will receive short-term SIF funding. SIF manager Angeline tuara said the Creative Centre already receives a substantial amount of funding through the Ministry of education, and that many other services that applied for the fund receive no such funding. Manarangi-trott said the Creative Centre is grateful for the funding it received from the ministry, but more funding is needed to keep the centre running. “It doesn’t fully fund our personnel and operations.” the two major costs of the Creative Centre are wages for the four full-time and two part-time workers, and the cost of maintaining the centre’s two mobility vans, said Kimiangatau. the centre spends more than $300 each week on petrol for the vans, and also pays additional costs of maintaining the vehicles such as servicing and insurance, he said. The last service for a van cost around $900. Other costs include materials for the centre’s daily programmes, such as arts and crafts, and food for the staff and members of the Creative Centre. Kimiangatau said workers at the Creative Centre are paid between $9 and $11, compared with upwards of $17 an hour for equivalent work in New Zealand. “We try very much not to think about laying off staff, and I’m happy to say we haven’t done that. But we have been very close to staff not being paid.”

He said the centre has stayed aloat by being frugal in its operations – such as turning off one of its fridges.

“We have learned to stretch $1 into $2,” he said. The Creative Centre relies on help from supporting organisa-

tions, such as the Rotary Club of rarotonga – which recently funded solar panels on the roof of the centre to help decrease the

power bill. The centre will be launching fundraising efforts over the next month in an effort to keep its doors open. - BD

Members of the Creative Centre, including manager of the organisation Bob Kimiangatau (at back) with one of their mobility vans. 13050673

Healthy living for the village The aRORaNGI Seventh Day

adventist church is running a healthy Living Programme for the local community this week. The programme includes both morning and evening sessions. the morning sessions will see a free breakfast stationed

at different locations within the village and will open from 6.30am to 8am. The breakfast will be held at Rutaki Primary School today, and Aroa nui Hall tomorrow and Thursday. all are welcome to attend. The evening programme, run-

ning from 6.30pm to 7.45pm, includes cooking demonstrations of easy and affordable vegetarian dishes and simple exercise demonstrations. There will also be a health talk with Dr Tereapii Uka who will present on health issues like

diabetes, high blood pressure, chronic diseases, women and men’s health and various health issues we face today. The evening programme held at the Aroa nui hall, arorangi and is open to everyone to attend. - Release


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

New study centre for Mangaia A neW study centre for university students has opened up in Mangaia, with plans for centres to open in other outer islands too. With almost 40 per cent of University of South Pacific Cook Islands’ students now located in the outer islands, USP plans to open a number of small study centres. The irst is in Mangaia and later this year one will be built in Mauke, with other southern islands to follow. uSP education co-ordinator Peter College was in Mangaia last week to work with the Mangaia Island Administration (MIA) to get the new study centre ready for students. Tutorials were run for students over the school holiday. the study centre is in the newly renovated are akavanui. While desks, chairs and lighting are in place, the centre is still waiting for computers to arrive and internet to be set up. There are currently 25 USP students on Mangaia. Four are school leavers studying early childhood education and one of these students is working part time at Mangaia School. Two other school leavers are studying computing while six

Mangaians, including teacher aides, are completing education papers. Five MIa staff are completing courses in management while two other senior administrators are completing bachelor of commerce degrees, one in accounting and one in management and economics. another MIa staff member is taking computing studies up to degree level while ive teachers at Mangaia School are taking their last paper towards a masters degree in education. the aim is to increase education capacity on the island. In total there are 90 USP students in six outer islands, including Manihiki. a programme for teacher education in Pukapuka is in planning for the second semester. Up to 295 Cook Islanders have completed degrees incountry over the past 10 years, mainly in Rarotonga. uSP Cook Islands director Rod Dixon says the university is turning its focus to making uSP a truly national institution with small, active and well-resourced study centres in all populated islands. - USP

School leavers Eireen Atingakau, Moeroa Atariki and Emanessa Ruatoe studying on the verandah of the new uSP study centre on Mangaia. 13050671

Facebook scam targets locals A SCAMMer has attempted to

access personal details about a Cook Islands local through a fake Facebook proile. Mangaia resident Helen henry received a Facebook friend request from who she believed to be her former colleague, who had since left the Cook Islands. “every time I was on Facebook she always seemed to be online, and then I got a random greeting from her – but her messages were always very abrupt,” said henry. “her answers were just ‘yes’, ‘no’, ‘okay’. I thought it was weird.”

Not long into their conversation, ‘Cathy’ sent henry a link to another profile, who appeared to be a Caucasian male in corporate attire named Joseph Campbell. ‘Cathy ’ claimed he was the chief executive officer of Facebook, who was rewarding people for using the social networking site by giving them $100,000, and said to chat to him. “I questioned her and warned her it sounds like a scam,” said henry. “But she said: ‘he’s for real, I swear with my life’. So I went and chatted to him.”

‘Joseph’ claimed he was employed by the federal government and had been working undercover to catch scammers in Nigeria. “his english was very poor, and he asked for my address,” said henry. “I asked him why he couldn’t just wire the money to me, but he said he needed to deliver it.” henry believes the scammer wanted her address in order to commit identity fraud. Scams involving duplicate proiles, where scammers create fake proiles of other social media users, have been report-

ed around the world. henry encourages Facebook users to beware of anything that sounds too good to be true, and to conirm the person’s identity if anything seems amiss. “Speak your mother tongue, and you know your friend is who they say they are when they respond the only Cook Islands way,” henry suggests. - Briar Douglas

Avoiding scams on Facebook: - Phishing is where spammers create a fake website that looks like the Facebook login page. If you enter your login details on one of these sites,

the spammer records and keeps the information. When someone has been phished, their account will automatically send messages or links to their friends – often telling them to check out products. To avoid this, always log in at – if you’re redirected to Facebook from another website, check the URL (web address) before you enter your login details. - If a friend sends you a link to a product or video, in chat or via a wall comment or private message, their account may have been phished. If a

link seems suspicious, do not click of it. If you accidentally click on it, do not enter any information such as your email address or password. Close the page and reset your Facebook password straight away. - Many phishers give fake offers of free products. Beware of any offers of money or free goods, as it is probably a scam. - Watch out for messages with typos or multiple fonts, or messages asking for your personal information. Facebook will never ask for your password, credit card number, or address.

Young man threatens to kill aunt JUSTICe of the Peace John Kenning presided over the high Court on May 2 and passed judgments on the following cases: Iete E Pukerua – is charged with threatening to kill. he told his aunt over the telephone that he wanted to kill her, which the aunt apparently did not take seriously but the young man’s mother did and complained to police, said lawyer Wilkie Rasmussen. The mother has since written a letter asking police to withdraw charges. Kenning said the letter raises some “interesting points” and shows the defendant is undergoing counselling. Police are not going to withdraw the charge and Kenning asked Punanga tauturu to prepare a report on the counselling to be ready June 6. Ponatu Ua – faces nine charges, some which date back almost

a year. he pleaded guilty to receiving stolen goods and two charges of escaping from custody. These crimes will be sentenced on May 27 by three JPs. He pleaded not guilty to the rest of the charges, which were adjourned until May 23 for a defended hearing date to be set. Lawyer Charles Petero asked police to disclose facts, which includes witness statements and circumstances of arrest. Ua was bailed with a curfew and a restriction on who he can associate with. Temotu Arioka – appeared on call-over for theft and theft by inding charges, to which he had pleaded not guilty. a defended hearing before three JPs was set. He also pleaded guilty to breaching probation, after being caught drinking in Hideaway Bar by police last Friday. Probation Services recommended a ine. This is the irst time he has breached his proba-

tion, which he has been on since September. “When you were placed on probation that was given to you as an alternative to imprisonment. I want you to remember that,” said Kenning to arioka. “This is your first breach, make sure it’s your last or you’ll go to prison.” he was ined $40 plus court costs. the other charges were adjourned until May 30 for a trial date to be set. Petere Dean – has pleaded guilty to possession of a bong and for receiving a stolen camera. he also faces three charges of breaching of community service during april, which he admitted. The five charges were adjourned until May 10 for sentencing and Dean was remanded back into custody until then. Jonathan Mokoha – is accused of burglary. Police say he broke

into a rental home on February 12. he has been in prison for the last two weeks. Mokoha is also charged with theft. the charges were adjourned without plea until next thursday and the defendant remanded back into custody. Leroy Robinson – is charged with injuring Cecil Samatua with intent to injure. he did not show up to court. The charge was adjourned until May 8. Cecil Samatua – is charged with injuring Leroy Robinson with intent to injure but did not show up to court and this was adjourned until May 8. John Samatua – is charged with willfully damaged a motor vehicle, the property of Leroy Robinson, on april 14. Kenning said clearly this incident is related to the previous two, so adjourned it without plea to May 8. Beniamina Patia – pleaded guilty to contempt of court

after breaching a court order. he is also charged with the burglary of Pandanus Petrol & Oil on March 23, and three other charges transferred from the Children’s Court. Patia is already on probation for previous offences. all charges have been adjourned until May 16 and the defendant bailed.

Ngatupuna Marcel Matatei – appeared for the irst time on two theft charges but entered no plea. The case was adjourned until May 23. Marcus Enoka – pleaded not guilty to possessing cannabis. this was adjourned until May 30 with bail conditions to continue. Maarametua Teritaiti – has pleaded guilty to possessing cannabis and a bong. he will appear May 10 for sentencing by Justice Potter. David Haurua – pleaded not guilty to being party to a theft.

the charge was adjourned until May 30. an order was made for police to release haurua’s motorbike which was being held for evidence. Ngere Akaroa – pleaded guilty to being unlawfully found on private property. a probation report was ordered and the case was adjourned for sentencing on May 23. Heimata Thomas Potoru – is charged with careless driving but this was adjourned until May 9 without plea. The defendant was excused from appearing in court as he is a school student. Trainee Rakanui – failed to attend community service and was charged for the breach. he pleaded guilty. Kenning said he could have made the situation better by “picking up the phone” and letting Probation Services know. he was ined $80. - Calida Smylie


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Te Aito supports local development LOCaL winners of the te Aito

Cook Islands singles oe vaka race are enjoying their on water success and still deciding if they will head to French Polynesia for the tahiti te Aito race as part of their prize for taking out the event. Friday’s Te aito Vaine was taken out by impressive 17-yearold tahiti paddler utiutirei Flores who lew off the line irst and maintained her lead right throughout the 14km race to inish in 1.37.13. She was closely followed home by second place getter and irst local woman home Serena Hunter who had a strong paddle to inish 1.40.15 – a little over a minute ahead of the equally talented young Australian paddler and regular visitor to Rarotonga Rebecca Rasmussen who clocked a time of 1.41.36. The men’s Te aito Tane race was taken out by Tahiti paddler heiva amo who smashed the course in 2.35.41 – a little over a minute ahead of second place getter and top male paddler Reuben Dearlove. While amo seemed to be in a race of his own – he and Dearlove were locked in a fantastic duel in the first 8 minute that

saw the two men go stroke-forstroke with neither letting up until amo pinned his ears back and increased his stroke to shoot into the lead. there were numerous ‘mini battles’ in the men’s race as local rivals and mates went head to head with each other and were getting a thrill out of it. For Cook Islands Canoeing Association president and organiser of te Aito Cook Islands Fletcher Melvin – this year’s race was even better than last years. “te Aito went really well and I think it was the best Te aito mainly due to the positive support from our sponsors,” says Melvin. “The participation by local paddlers and the level of paddling all added to the success.” Melvin is looking forward to the event growing more each year and the participation of top international paddlers helps to push local paddlers in the sport. On the two Tahiti paddlers taking out the te Aito tane and Vaine race – Melvin says this is all part of developing local players as the international paddlers serve to push local paddlers to paddle stronger. Melvin is also thrilled that

the two Tahiti paddlers have offered to run workshops for local paddlers to help them develop better paddling techniques to improve their oe vaka paddling.

Melvin and the Te aito organising committee would like to thank everyone for making the two day paddling race a huge success from the oficials, safety

boat drivers and volunteers to the events generous sponsors including tourism Cook Islands, Air rarotonga, turtles Tees, Whatever Bar and Grill,

Te Aito Tane winner Heiva Amo from Tahiti paddled efortlessly in Saturday’s race and after a fantastic stroke-for-stroke battle with top local male paddler Reuben dearlove – he pulled away to claim the Te Aito Cook Islands title. 13050520

Top junior paddler Andre Tutaka-George chases down the two lead paddlers. 13050604

First local woman paddler home Serena hunter digs deep in her race.

Te Aito Vaine winner utiutirei Flores.

Talented Australian paddler Rebecca Rasmussen was in ine form.


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FLORES, Utiutirei - TAH V1 HUNTER, Serena V1 RASMUSSEN, Rebecca AUS V1 BEDDOES, Paulina V1 PEARSON, Jane V1 TAULU, Emilene V1 RASMUSSEN, Jennifer AUSV1 FORTES, Joyce V1 FISHER, Annie V1 LANE, Myland OC1

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1:37:13 1:40:15 1:41:36 1:45:46 1:47:59 1:48:56 1:51:36 1:51:57 1:53:30 DNF 1:45:46 1:47:59 1:51:36 1:53:30 DNF



Andre Tutaka-George V1 Josh Burrell V1 Esben Torget V1 Paul Pearson V1 Fletcher Melvin V1 Thomas Hauata - Tahiti V1 Daniel Teheitapuarii V1 Johnny Raita V1 Rob grant OC1 Richard Denny V1 Robert Wyllie OC1 Marc Cowan V1 Kees Van Wijk V1 TK Kareroa - Aitutaki V1 Sam Brown OC1 Conrad Hunter V1

1:17:21 1:21:52 1:22:29 1:24:04 1:26:12 1:26:19 1:26:28 1:32:11 1:33:54 1:37:23 1:38:24 1:38:33 1:40:40 1:41:52 1:44:27 1:44:57


U19 Master Master Master Master Master U19 Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master

1:21:52 1:22:29 1:24:04 1:26:12 1:26:19 1:32:11 1:37:23 1:38:33 1:40:40 1:41:52 1:44:57

Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master Master

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U19 U19

1:33:54 1:38:24 1:44:27

Master Master Master

Masters Tane V1 - 14km

1:37:13 1:40:15 V1 1:41:36 1:48:56 1:51:57

Te Aito Cook Islands 2013 - Aito Tane Distance - 28kms 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Te Aito Cook Islands 2013 - Aito Tane Name





Heiva Amo - Tahiti Reuben Dearlove Andre Tutaka-george Kingi gilbert - NZ Tupuna Amo Allister Webb Tungane Manuel Marouna Mita

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1:14:09 1:15:09 1:17:21 1:20:16 1:19:58 1:26:26 1:25:44 1:32:40

2:35:41 2:36:46 2:40:52 2:45:00 2:48:57 3:03:32 3:14:11 DNF

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Josh Burrell Esben Torget Paul Pearson Fletcher Melvin Thomas Hauata - Tahiti Johnny Raita Richard Denny Marc Cowan Kees Van Wijk TK Kareroa - Aitutaki Conrad Hunter

V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1 V1

Aito Tane U19 V1 - 14km 1 2

Andre Tutaka-George V1 Daniel Teheitapuarii V1

Masters Tane OC1 - 14km 1 2 3

Rob Grant Robert Wyllie Sam Brown



Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Tahiti paddlers showcase talent Top male paddler Reuben dearlove hunts down race leader heiva Amo who after duelling together for the irst 8km pulled away to lead and win the 28km men’s race.


Local paddler Tupuna Amo looked like he was having a great day at the oice.

Local paddlers Paul Pearson and Esben Torget have their own mini battle.



Netball nears end of round one

CLuB netters are preparing this week for their inal game of the irst round of the 2013 domestic netball season. Great games were seen last week with some brilliant battles enjoyed by fans at the Telecom Sports arena. This week avatiu will meet arorangi, Takuvaine play Ngatangiia and Titikaveka go head to head with Tupapa. The avatiu premier side will need to up their game if they are to perform well against a hungry wild west Arorangi team – especially after a soft win over the ladies from ngatangiia at the weekend.


Arorangi did the damage against the young tupapa side at the weekend and will be feeling conident ahead of their match with avatiu. the talented young tupapa side, now boosted with some old heads back in the ranks, will be tested against Titikaveka. the side will want to put their best foot forward against the defending champions who on Saturday played a tremendous game of netball thanks to the inclusion of newly selected national netters and of course the club’s own home grown talents. the ngatangiia and takuvaine premier grade match on

Saturday is sure to be a thriller as both teams are evenly matched and this game will see who has edge. Meanwhile, games this week start on Wednesday with the open one and two grade teams taking to the courts with the irst games getting underway at 5.30pm. The arorangi and Takuvaine premier grade match will also be played on Wednesday night at 8.10pm. Get along to the TSa and cheer on your club team. - Matariki Wilson

scores irst) – Premier-46 vs 58, Reserve-50 vs 39, Senior Open 1-23 vs 32, Senior Open 2-24 vs 34, Junior Open-29 vs 30, 15 Under -24 vs 29, 12 Under- 16 vs 13, 10 Under -8 vs 2, 8 Under-9 vs 5,

Ngatangiia vs Avatiu (Ngatangiia scores irst) – Premier-33 vs 46, Senior Open 1-46 vs 14, Senior Open 2-35 vs 17, 12 Under-26 vs 10, 10 Under-16 vs 1, Titikaveka vs Takuvaine (Titikaveka scores

first) – Premier-87 vs 38, Reserve-77 vs 33, Senior Open 1-30 vs 29, Senior Open 2-27 vs 26, Junior Open-50 vs 13, 15 Under-26 vs 20, 12 Under-19 vs 3 10 Under-3 vs 2.

Full Results: Tupapa vs Arorangi (Tupapa

Leah Tumutoa looks for a Takuvaine team mate with national netter and Titikaveka wing defence Ashley Iro tracking her every move and looking for an intercept.


Ngtangiia’s centre looks for her options against the Avatiu premier netball team.


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

classiieds pupu kite ngai okotai Fax 25303





1/4 acre section inland 60yrs, incl. Power/water/phone connections. Phone 55144.

2 bedroomed fully furnished apartment - close to town. $80K, Over 40 years on lease. Finance available TAP. Ring 22738 to discuss.

71091 / /1757


71039 /31657 /1931

71062 / /2350

LOST Kitesuring board, harness and bar at Akapuao, Tikioki last week. If found please call Paka 26064 or 55267. 71058 / /1754


3 bedroom house for rent, Arorangi backroad. Phone mobile 74603. 71080 /31671 /1931

2 bedroom house, furnished, Aroa. Long term/short term. Phone 24900 or 55302. 71083 / /2415

Large spacious 4 bedroom, 2 bathroom, close to schools, shop, large decks, Nikao. Phone 25537/22260. 70999 /31632 /2061

3 Bedroom plus sleep out modern house furnished. Takuvaine long term $375 week. call Don after 3pm 26039. 71044 /31659 /1931

3 bedroom, p/f house, Arorangi back road. Genuine inquiries. Ph 54469/24190 Ben. 71035 /31652 /1931

FLATMATES WANTED Flatmate Wanted $150 include power/gas, Nikao. Phone Elliot 70611. 71073 /31667 /1931

The Eye Place Hidies courtyard Phone 22121 custom glasses from $60 Annie provides free exam & glasses for children all year.


71018 / /1915

1 b/room unit, fully furnished $150, Tupapa main road, long term. Ph 23118/71805. Notice is hereby given for the 57th AGM of the cook Islands Returned Services Association to be held at the cIRSA clubrooms. Saturday 18 May 2013 at 2pm. Agenda 1.Opening Prayer 2.Last Post 3.Previous Minutes 4.Presidents Report 5.Notices of Motion 6.Annual Accounts 7.Election of Oicers 8.General Business D. Dwane President.

1pm sharp. Material deadline for display adverts 24 hours prior.

Classiieds • Phone 22999


FOR SALE Taro manaura at $100, 25kg bag. Ducks for sale. Ring 74049. 71082 /31674 /1931

Chest of drawers as new, builders tools, electrical cable, nails, screws. Phone 54001. 71074 /31665 /1931

Iphone 4, 8GB, $450 - black. Iphone 4S, 16GB, $750 - black. Phone 21985. 71061 /31663 /1931

VEHICLES FOR SALE Yamaha Daelim, $700 ono. Phone 74821/20663 Rhys. 71069 /31661 /1931

Subaru Impreza for sale. Must sell. Owner relocating. Phone 73171. For sale two pickups Mitsubishi L200. Datsun/Nissan. As are where are. contact 21345 evening. 71070 /31666 /1931

MOTHER’S DAy MY hAIR & BEAUTY ‘’Grab a Treat’’ Mothers day gift vouchers $50, $75 or $95. Phone 23933 or email

SITUATIONS VACANT Barista for busy cafe.At least 2yrs Barista experience, course qualiied and experience in cafe style food preparation. Must be willing to work 5 days, incl weekends. Phone 29144/55503.


71031 /31670 /2656

71017 /31639 /2162

71092 / /1757

70970 /31646 /2656

We are getting busier every day and now Annie the Optometrist needs assistance from a dedicated caring person with good communication skills. This is a new position, and that persons’ ability and personality will determine the full job description - whether front line assistant or more technical. As full training will be given, this is open to people of all ages and work experience, and hours will may be variable. Those interested in a career qualiication in Optics are welcome to apply also. Full details and job application are available at Hidies courtyard, cooks corner.

70777 /32181 /2380


SERVICE MANAGER/hEAD MEChANIC Rarocars needs to employ a fully qualiied and capable Workshop Manager to be responsible for the successful running and proitability of our small but busy workshop which employs 3 other mechanics. The successful applicant must have a good working knowledge in the use of the scope and scanner and have good problem solving skills in all areas of vehicle repairs. We are looking for a well organised person with a proven ability to manage other mechanics. A good salary package will be ofered to the right person. Ph Tai 22060 email tai@rarocars. 70980 /31645 /1902


PARLIAMENT hYUNDAI P/UP TRUCK TENDER The Parliament of the Cook Islands has for tender a 2001 White Hyundai H100 2.6 Diesel Pick-up Truck GA239. For viewing to contact Ina Pierre anytime during working hours from Mon-Fri at Parliament in Nikao on ph 26500. Highest or lowest tender not necessarily accepted. Please submit all Tenders in a sealed envelope marked “Parliament Hyundai Pick-up Truck Tender” P O Box 13, Nikao, RAROTONGA by 4pm Monday 20 May 2013 or email to: ipierre@parliament. 65102


Paciic Schooners Ltd is pleased to announce that the three-masted barque “Picton Castle” is trading in the Cook Islands waters and the Paciic Islands throughout 2013. Picton Castle, having departed Lunenburg on the 1 of October 2012 and made her way through the Caribbean, Pitcairn & French Polynesia to the Cook Islands has now departed for Samoa and Tonga then will be returning to Avatiu, Rarotonga on the 15 of May 2013. From then, the barque will be staying in Avatiu Harbor for a period of three weeks before sailing on her irst trip to the Northern Group on June 12 and the second trip in early July 2013. Picton Castle & Paciic Schooners are pleased to welcome passengers & trainees joining these voyages. For any interest in voyaging or shipping cargo, please contact Hanalei on ph 24536 or email hanalei@

VACANCIES Two positions exist at USP Cook Islands to commence mid May 2013. (1) The Oice Manager who is responsible to the Director for the: • Co-ordination of student registrations, enrolments and databases • Co-ordination of invoicing, receipting, purchasing and inancial reporting • Co-ordination and distribution of course materials, examinations and results • Co-ordination of student enquiries and follow up We are looking for someone with previous oice management experience, a good working knowledge of MYOB, close attention to detail, capacity to follow up and inalise issues, team-building capacity, and an interest in continuous professional development. (2) Receptionist/Junior Administrator, responsible to the Oice Manager for. • Reception and assistance with student enquiries • Maintaining student records, databases and stock reports • Exam co-ordination • Administration duties generally We are looking for someone with a friendly manner and helpful disposition, with a good working knowledge of word processing and Excel spread sheets, demonstrating close attention to detail, a capacity to follow up and willingness to upskill on the job. Next step - Job descriptions and application forms are available by email from, or phone 29415 or call into our oice in Takamoa. Closing date for applications is Wednesday 8 May 2013. 70921

casual ads must be prepaid. cancellation fee $6.40 incl. VAT. Quotations on request.

SITUATIONS VACANT Te Kainga O Pa Taunga has vacancies for the following new positions: • Part-time Admin & Accounts Oicer (1 position) • Part-time Support Worker (2 positions) Applicants should have at least 2 years experience in the area of Mental Health and Elderly care. Experience with Arts and craft, teaching life skills and Psychosocial Rehabilitation activities would be an advantage. Applicants must also hold a current cook Islands Driver’s license. Applications close 4pm 17 May 2013. A full job description can be collected from our oice in Panama or via email tekainga@ Please forward your covering letter and cV to: Te Kainga O Pa Taunga Mental Health Trust P.O Box 3260 Avarua Or email ck 71017 /31639 /2162


Te Ipukarea Society requires 2 x half time staf (15 to 20 hrs per week each) to assist with the cook Islands Marine Park Project. Enthusiastic Executive Administration Assistant. This is a half time position, may suit a school leaver looking for a start in the Environment and conservation sector, or an experienced person requiring a lexible schedule. Finance oicer, with book keeping, audit, and/or accounting software experience. May suit a qualiied person who appreciates a lexible schedule. Applications from candidates capable of fulilling both positions, working on a full-time basis, will also be considered. Requests for terms of reference and applications with a cover letter and accompanying cV should be sent Phone 21144. Applications close Wednesday May 15, 2013. 70923 / /1931

VACANCY - MINISTRY OF JUSTICE A vacancy exists within the Ministry of Justice for: • Prison Oicer Rarotonga • Deputy Registrar (Criminal & civil) Rarotonga Job descriptions are available on request at the corporate Division of the Ministry of Justice in Avarua, Rarotonga. Applications for the above vacancies should be addressed to: The Secretary (vacancy) Ministry of Justice PO Box 111 RAROTONGA Or via email to Applications will close on Friday 17 May 2013 @ 4pm. 71076 / /1796

Senior housekeeper required to join our vibrant and motivated team. Experience essential along with attention to detail and impeccable work ethic. You will be required to drive the team and drive our very high standards. Excellent remuneration and conditions for the right candidate. Please email your interest to or phone Loren on 54104. 71077 / /1798

We deliver.

Get your news delivered to your home or business daily. Phone our oice on 22999 for delivery rates and conditions

Apii Te Uki Ou invites applications from qualiied and experienced teachers with relevant qualiications for a classroom Teacher position. Applications close Monday 20 May. Please email cV & references to 71072 / /1952

Cutter/Sewer Urgently wanted Please submit application with updated cV. PO Box 696, Rarotonga. 70909 /31524 /1931


Raro Fried Chicken Ltd 2000 Is looking for an honest, hardworking and trustworthy shopkeeper. Please contact 20327 or email us your cV at 70815 /31549 /1897

WANTED TO BUy Used honda daelim scooter, 110cc ace, good condition. Phone 51708. 71081 /31672 /1931

• Phone 22999 •

RATES Minimum $5.80 incl. VAT for 1-15 words.

DEADLINES Deadline for next day’s classiieds is




Need a little



Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Flight Times | Voyage details FROM ARRIVES

International Flights

tuesday may 7 Nz748/749 AKL Nz746/745 AKL vA163/162 AKL wednesday may 8 Nz746/745 AKL thursday may 9 Nz46/45 AKL gz035/034 PPT









0850 1120 1620

0910 1140 1640


1000 1230 1730




tuesday may 7 1.25AM 4.25PM 12.50AM


2.25AM 5.25PM 1.45AM




5.15PM 2.50PM


6.30PM 3.50PM

0800 1030 1530

Air Rarotonga




TIARE MOANA 09 - ETD AUCk 27/05, ETA RARO 02/06, ETA AITUTAkI 04/06

GOT A STORY? text us on

or call us at Cook Islands news






Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the blank squares so that no digit is repeated in each row, each column or each 3 x 3 square.

Place the numbers 1 to 9 in the blank squares so that no digit is repeated in each row, each column or each 3 x 3 square.

Answer to Monday’s puzzle

Answer to Monday’s puzzle

HÄGAR the Horrible

By Dik Browne



By Lee Falk & Sy Barry


Weather Forecast to Midnight Situation: A southeast wind low prevails over Southern Cooks. A weak trough of low pressure remains slow moving over Northern Cooks. Forecast to midnight for the Southern Cooks: Fine apart from brief showers.Moderate to fresh southeast winds. Moderate to rough seas. Further outlook: Brief showers. For Rarotonga: Fine apart from brief showers. Further outlook: Brief showers. For the Northern Cooks: Cloudy periods with brief showers. Moderate east to northeast winds. Moderate seas. Further outlook: Brief showers.

TUE high 7.47AM













0.4m SW

0.4m NE


WEd high 8.37AM 0.88M 9.09PM 0.82M





2.58PM 0.30M


Sun, Moon & Arapo

E 12kTs New Moon MAY 10 12.29AM

First Quarter MAY 18 4.35AM

Full Moon May 25 4.25AM

Sunshine hours

Third Quarter MAY 31 6.59PM


araPO - rOngOmauri TUE 7 TANu (Planting)

0.4m SW

TAuTAI (Fishing)

Tanu i te kumara, taro & Kua akamoe ua te ika. u’i. Plant kumara, taro Fish sleeping. & yams

Humidity TUE

Rarotonga Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Forecast Map 2pm Tuesday


Issued at 2pm at Rarotonga



Front Key:




2.2m SE


swell direction and size


Outer Islands Weather Outlook Tuesday, May 7, 2013









Forecast thanks to Cook Islands Meteorological Service.



Sun Rise 6.59AM Sun Set


Moon Rise 5.03AM Moon Set 4.50PM

WEd Sun Rise 7.00AM Sun Set 6.11PM


Moon Rise 5.56AM Moon Set 5.31PM


29° E 07kTs


28° E 15kTs


28° E 05kTs



28° E 05kTs

30° NE 05kTs


28° E 05kTs


Tuesday, May 7, 2013 cook Islands News

Te Aito success

—paGe 12 & 13

netball results



—paGe 13

Panthers clip Sea Eagles wings Eels 46 vs Warriors 18 Bulldogs 24 vs Sharks 18 Panthers 26 vs Sea Eagles 12 tHIS is the final week of the

rugby league round competition before the business end of the season begins next week. Over the weekend – the Bulldogs edged out the Aitutaki sharks at arutanga ield in aitutaki 24-18 in what was a closely fought battle. The eels dealt out a 46-18 thrashing over the Takuvaine Warriors although the Warriors will be thrilled to have scored tries against their top of the table opponent. Meanwhile, the Panthers faced a ired up Sea eagles team at Victoria Park with vocal supporters from both camps egging their boys on. the Panthers had a shaky start, but once they settled in they showed their class to beat the visitors 26-12.

This week the avatiu eels will meet the Sea eagles in what should be a very physical game. the Panthers will take on the Bears who had a week off and the Warriors are set to play the Sharks who’ve been this season’s biggest improvers. Before the weekend’s games – the avatiu eels were still top of the table with 27 points. the tupapa Panthers and Aitutaki Sharks were tied in second place with 18 points each while the Sea eagles were in third place with 16 points. The arorangi Bears were 5th with 10 points and the Titikaveka Bulldogs 7th with 6 points. The Takuvaine Warriors have yet to win a game this season and perhaps they will win their inal match against the Sharks. - Matariki Wilson

Olaf Rasmussen of the Tupapa Panthers spots the try line and attempts to side step around a Sea Eagles player to dot down.


Bulldogs take CIRL to court The TITIKaVeKa Rugby League

Noel Emile of the Tupapa Panthers and Willie Kauvai of the Sea Eagles locked in a tussle. 13050656

Club is taking the Cook Islands Rugby League association (CIRLa) to court today over the association’s recent decision to strip the club of its points from the first 8 games of the season after the club was found to be in breach of the competition rules. CI r LA president Charles Carlson says the association is not feeling threatened by the court action and added he was unclear as to what exactly the Bulldogs club was hauling them to court over. The Bulldogs have been the centre of controversy this league season when they were found

in breach of the competition’s import player rule. The rule states that clubs can only play three import players, and the issue of the Bulldogs breaching this rule was raised in the third round of the game, but the club only addressed the matter after the 8th round. the Bulldogs were found to be in breach of the rule because they had played five import players – import players deined as non-residents that have been in the country for less than a year. the Bulldogs were punished for the rule breach by having their competition points from

the first 8 games stripped – sending them right back down to the bottom of the premier league grade points table. The club asked for leniency however it was explained to them that had if they had fronted up when the matter was raised in the third week of the season – they would not have lost so many points. Last week, Bulldogs club president Robert Matapo admitted the club had made a mistake and apologised to the CIrLA executives. Carlson believes the association is being hauled to court over the Bulldogs’ claim that

the competition rules discussed and amended prior to the start of the season were not adopted properly. Amending the rules is a process Carlson says is ‘simple’ and has been done for as long as he’s been the president of the association. “There’s never a dull moment in rugby league,” he commented. Matapo declined to comment on why the club was taking the association to court, saying yesterday that he would rather not comment while the matter is before court. - Matariki Wilson

Tuesday 7 May  
Tuesday 7 May  

News, Sports and Opinion from the Cook Islands News for Tuesday, May 7, 2013