â€˘ Is the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophical ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to .act, morally speaking. â€˘ Is distinct from meta-ethics because it examines standards for the rightness and wrongness of actions, while meta-ethics studies the meaning of moral language and the metaphysics of moral facts.
â€˘ Also distinct from descriptive ethics, as the latter is an empirical investigation of peopleâ€™s moral beliefs. To put it another way, descriptive ethics would be concerned with determining what proportion of people believe that killing is always wrong, while normative ethics is concerned with whether it is correct to hold such a belief.
â€˘ That part of moral philosophy, or ethics, concerned with criteria of what is morally right and wrong. It includes the formulation of moral rules that have direct implications for what human actions, institutions, and ways of life should be like.
Authors And philosophers
Ethics of careâ€Ś
or relational ethics, founded by feminist theorists, notably Carol Gilligan, argues that morality arises out of the experiences of empathy and compassion
Charles Sanders Peirce
is difficult to classify fully within any of the four preceding conceptions. This view argues that moral correctness evolves similarly to scientific knowledge: socially over the course of many lifetimes.
Thus, we should prioritize social reform over concern with consequences, individual virtue or duty (although these may be worthwhile concerns, provided social reform is also addressed). Charle Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey, are known as the founders of pragmatism
Role ethics Is based on the concept of family roles.