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Mujeres y Paz

Mujeres y Paz


Mujeres y Paz

WOMEN “ AND PEACE

But the voice of women, the voice of those most closely involved in bringing forth new life, has not always been listened to when it pleaded and implored against the waste of life in war after war. The voice of women has a special role and a special soul force in the struggle for a nonviolent world Betty Williams, Nobel Peace Prize recipient

There are many and very diverse women throughout history and in different corners of the world whose spirit of generosity, as the beacon of caring for people, has lit the path of peace and life at times of death and desperation. Despite their being separated by kilometres and frontiers, crossing races, religions and languages. They have become specialists in conflict resolution in their immediate surroundings and hold the keys that allow them to shape the peace map for the inner person and the heart of societies. By getting women to look back at the most conflictive times of many societies, we can gather their testimonies as victims of the abuses of war and also as active players for peace. Throughout their long struggle for freedom, women have deemed war to be anti-nature and have fought against it by getting organised, supporting construction and repudiating destruction. They have often been the first to initiate dialogue between divided communities, by crossing psychological frontiers and desires for revenge, by standing up against hate and resentment in order to take a huge step towards reconciliation. International institutions have established and unified the directives regarding the participation objectives of women in the Peace process. United Nations Security Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security calls on the Member States to increase the

number of women at all decision-taking levels regarding conflict prevention, handling and resolution and calls for the gender perspective to be included in all field operations. In this resolution, the Security Council not only recognises that “peace is inextricably linked with equality between women and men”, but also that “equal access and full participation of women in power structures and their full involvement in all efforts for the prevention and resolution of conflicts are essential for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security”. The European Parliament has also ruled on this matter. In its resolution on the Participation of Women in Peaceful Conflict Resolution, it recognises that “women develop strength, power and flexibility in certain situations, recognise abuses and are prepared to take initiatives for their families and society, thereby bringing about positive changes”. Women contribute a further dimension to conflict prevention, that is closer to local communicates and proximity actions. Women can work as a collective to build peace. A collective that, precisely due to its traditional political marginalization, may be perceived as outside the influence of the more polarized stakeholders in the conflict. The involvement of women in the peace processes, on a par with men, is a fundamental condition to establish lasting peace.


Mujeres y Paz

A NEW AND DIFFERENT ERA FOR THE BASQUE COUNTRY On 20 October 2011, ETA declared a halt to armed conflict and this marked a new era in the Basque Country, eagerly awaited by all citizens, who could then hope for new freedoms. Nobody has remained untouched by this change to the current political, social and personal life, and we are at a start of a process, which will needed everybody, all forces, to construct a path to ensuring a lasting peace. We are setting off from a time of individual and collective suffering with our sights set on a new opportunity, that of creating a new script for our future. During these two months, representatives of political and social movements, the media, analysts and opinion leaders, voices from different spheres of society in general, have been figuring out possible steps, establishing meeting points, and of disagreement, directing the endeavours of the rhythms,

times, modes, thus beginning the narrative of a history that we must all work together to complete. At the CIINPI, we believe that at this historic moment for the present and future of our society, women must play an important role both in the political decision-taking process and in the building of a peace culture that shields, on the one hand, the values of respect and freedom, and guarantees, on the other hand, the exercising of full citizenship. World history has already confirmed the value of their prominence in the fight against hate, death and desperation. We have seen it in their movements, in their actions and in their lives. The Centre wishes to share with women and men a reflection on the opportunities that women’s involvement may add to the peace and reconciliation processes, and to take the necessary actions to put it into practice.

FORTHCOMING ACTIONS 1. Reflection groups Goals: - Discuss the peaceful methods of the fight of women for their rights. - Significant contributions by women in the fights for peace. - Values that the historical acquis of women to the solution of the conflicts. - Minimum points for agreement in the current context. 2. Meeting of Basque women with pacifist women. 3. Documentary gathering of evidence (the women peace-builders...) 4. Information and awareness raising campaign. 5. Dissemination campaign. Scheduled dates: First half of 2012.


Women and Peace