Page 1

DUWLJRWpFQLFR

EQMRMTVSHYpnSJSXSZSPXEMGE IQ4SVXYKEP 'LDGH0DUoRIRLSXEOLFDGDHP'5D/HLGD0LQLJHUDomR(VWD OHLYHPSUHHQFKHUXPHVSDoRGHDSOLFDomRGRIRWRYROWDLFRKi PXLWRVROLFLWDGR&RQVLVWHHPGHILQLURVSURFHGLPHQWRVTXH UHJXODPDLQVWDODomRGHVLVWHPDVIRWRYROWDLFRVFRPSRWrQFLDV VXSHULRUHVDRUHJLPHGHPLFURSURGXomRHLQIHULRUHVDN: 2VSURFHGLPHQWRVVmRPXLWRVHPHOKDQWHVDRVGDPLFURSURGXomR IiFHLVUiSLGRVHRULHQWDGRVSDUDDLQVWDODomRGHIRWRYROWDLFRQR HGLILFDGR1RHQWDQWRH[LVWHPDOJXPDVGLIHUHQoDVWDLVFRPRDVXD YLQFXODomRDPHGLGDVGHHILFLrQFLDHQHUJpWLFDDERQLILFDomRPDLV UHGX]LGDHRFULWpULRGHDSURYDomRGRUHJLVWR(PERUDDOHLGD PLQLSURGXomRHVWHMDDEHUWDDYiULDVWHFQRORJLDVVHUiFHUWDPHQWHD IRWRYROWDLFDDTXHODTXHPDLVLQWHUHVVHGHVSHUWDUiQRVSURPRWRUHV HVHUiWDPEpPVREUHHVWDWHFQRORJLDTXHFRQFHQWUDUHPRVDV QRVVDVDWHQo}HVQHVWHDUWLJR 4EYPS7EVEMZE7QEVX[EXX 6ETLEIP*VIMVI*)94 TEYPSWEVEMZE$WQEVX[EXXTXII$JIYTTX

-)RUYEHVEQIRXS 3MRGIRXMZSkTVSHYpnSHIIRIVKMEETEVXMV HSWVIGYVWSWVIRSZjZIMWJE^TEVXIHETSPuXMGE IRIVKqXMGEHE9RMnS)YVSTIMEI2EGMSREPHI JSVQEEGSQFEXIVEHITIRHsRGMEHE9)HE IRIVKME I\XIVRE RSQIEHEQIRXI HS TIXVz PISIKjWREXYVEP

)Q4SVXYKEPJSMETVSZEHSTIPE6IWSPYpnSHS 'SRWIPLSHI1MRMWXVSWRžE)WXVE XqKME 2EGMSREP TEVE E )RIVKME )2)   GSQ S LSVM^SRXI HI  )WXE IWXVEXqKME HI½RMYSFNIGXMZSWQYMXSGPEVSWTEVEEWTVS HYp~IWHIIRIVKMEETEVXMVHEWHMZIVWEWJSR XIWVIRSZjZIMW

3 GSQFEXI E IWXE HITIRHsRGME TEWWE TIPE TVSQSpnS HE KIVEpnS IRHzKIRE VIRSZj ZIP UYIJE^TEVXIHSMXIQHEWIKYVERpEI EFEWXIGMQIRXS HE 9) WIRHS YQE HEW XVsW ZIVXIRXIWHETSPuXMGEIRIVKqXMGEIYVSTIME

-RMGMEPQIRXIEETSWXEJSMIJIGXYEHEREIRIV KME LuHVMGE I IzPMGE QEW EKSVE E IRIVKME WSPEV TSWMGMSRSYWI GSQS S VIGYVWS GSQ QEMSV TSXIRGMEP HI HIWIRZSPZMQIRXS HIW HI Nj TIPE WYE GSQTPIQIRXEVMHEHI GSQ EW VIWXERXIW *SM EWWMQ UYI WI TEWWSY TEVE E GSRGVIXM^EpnS HI HMZIVWSW TVSKVEQEW MRM GMEPQIRXIQMGVSTVSHYpnSGSQGETEGMHEHIW HIMRWXEPEpnSEXqO;

*MKYVE&EWIHE4SPuXMGE)RIVKqXMGE)YVSTIME*SR XI)67)

84

1EMWVIGIRXIqERSZMHEHIHSTVSKVEQEHE QMRMTVSHYpnSUYIEXVEZqWHSRSZS(IGVI XS0IM Rž  TIVQMXI E TVSHYpnS HI IRIVKME IPqGXVMGE EXq  O; % UYSXE HI TSXsRGMEEEPSGEVERYEPQIRXIRSlQFMXSHS VIKMQIFSRM½GEHSqHI1;WIRHSEWYE EXVMFYMpnS IWGEPSREHE ES PSRKS HS ERS HI

EGSVHS GSQ E TVSKVEQEpnS E IWXEFIPIGIV TIPE(+)+

--(IGVIXS0IM2ž $,QWURGXomR %TVSHYpnSHIIPIGXVMGMHEHIETEVXMVHIVI GYVWSWVIRSZjZIMWIQWMWXIQEWHITIUYIRE TSXsRGME¯QMRMTVSHYpnS¯ZIQGSQTPIXEV S VIKMQI HI QMGVSTVSHYpnS Nj I\MWXIRXI I PIKMWPEHSTIPS(IGVIXS0IMRž% %QMRMTVSHYpnSTIVQMXIESTVSHYXSVGSR WYQMV E IRIVKME UYI TVSHY^ QEW XEQFqQ HIRXVSHIGIVXEWVIWXVMp~IWZIRHIVXSHEE IRIVKMEUYITVSHY^k6)74 6IHI)PqGXVMGE HI7IVZMpS4FPMGS 4EVEWIWIVTVSHYXSVRS VIKMQIHIQMRMTVSHYpnSqRIGIWWjVMSUYIS TVSHYXSVHIXIRLEYQGSRXVEXSHIJSVRIGM QIRXSHIIPIGXVMGMHEHIGSQGSRWYQSWUYI WINEQ WMKRM½GEXMZSW I UYI E MRWXEPEpnS HS WMWXIQEWINERSPSGEPWIVZMHSTSVIWWIGSR XVEXS 2S WIKYMQIRXS HIWXI TSRXS q XEQ FqQSFVMKEXzVMSUYIEQMRMTVSHYpnSEWIV


DUWLJRWpFQLFR

%1-2-463(9e«3*383:308%-'%)143689+%0

RQIVSHIWXVMRKWYXMPM^EHEWRYQEQMRMKIVE pnSWIVnSHIRQIVSIPIZEHSSUYIPIZEVj kRIGIWWMHEHIHIYXMPM^EpnSHIGEM\EWHINYR pnSHIVMZEpnS('TVSXIKMHEWTSVJYWuZIMWI ETEVIPLSWHIGSVXI(EuHIVMZEVnSEWWXVMRKW HI RQIVS MKYEP kW IRXVEHEW I\MWXIRXIW RS MRZIVWSVYXMPM^EHS

-:%)½GMsRGME)RIVKqXMGE 6IGSRLIGIWIEGXYEPQIRXIUYIEI½GMsRGME IRIVKqXMGE RS IHM½GEHS q QEMW MQTSVXERXI HSUYIEQMRMTVSHYpnSVIRSZjZIPHIIRIV KMEXERXSRYQETIVWTIGXMZEIGSRzQMGEEQ FMIRXEPSYIWXVEXqKMGE)ZMHIRGMERHSIWXIVI GSRLIGMQIRXSEQMRMTVSHYpnSGSRHMGMSRES EGIWWSESVIKMWXSMRGIRXMZERHSEMQTPIQIR XEpnS HI QIHMHEW HI I½GMsRGME IRIVKqXMGE 2IWXITSRXSMVIQSWEFSVHEVHIUYIJSVQE E QMRMKIVEpnS GSRZIVKI TEVE E I½GMsRGME IRIVKqXMGEIEGSQTPIQIRXE

$(ILFLrQFLD(QHUJpWLFD0LQLJHUDomR 3GSRWYQSHIIRIVKMEIPqGXVMGETSVTEVXI HSW IHMJuGMSW VITVIWIRXE   HS GSRWYQS XSXEPVIEPM^EHS)WXIZEPSVqIQQYMXSVIPI ZERXI I UYERHS WI ZIVM½GE S GSRWYQS HI   HI IRIVKME XSXEP VIEPM^EHS TIPE MRHW XVME WI IRXIRHI UYI E GETEGMHEHI HI HMQM RYMV E TIVGIRXEKIQ HSW GSRWYQSW HIWXIW HSMWEGXMZSWqQYMXSKVERHI 3(IGVIXS0IMRžWYVKIGSQSQEMW YQMRGIRXMZSTEVEEEHSTpnSHIQIHMHEWHI I½GMsRGMEIRIVKqXMGESFVMKERHSEWIRXMHEHIW UYI UYIMVEQ EGIHIV ES VIKMQI FSRM½GEHS E HEVIQ TVSZE HE I½GMsRGME IRIVKqXMGE HSW WIYWIHMJuGMSW-WXSqGSQSERXIWI\TPMGEHS UYEPUYIV GSRWYQMHSV HI IRIVKME UYI TVI XIRHE WIV TVSHYXSV HI IRIVKME IPqGXVMGE I EGIHIV ES VIKMQI FSRM½GEHS XIQ HI GSQ TVSZEVUYIJSMVIEPM^EHSYQEEYHMXSVMEIRIV KqXMGE ES IHMJuGMS SRHI WIVj MQTPIQIRXEHE EQMRMTVSHYpnS%SFXIRpnSIQERYXIRpnS HSVIKMWXS½GEQGSRHMGMSREHEWkMQTPIQIR XEpnSHIYQGSRNYRXSHIQIHMHEWMHIRXM½GE HEW RE EYHMXSVME HIZIRHS WIV MQTPIQIRXE HEWEWQIHMHEWGSQYQTIVuSHSHIVIXSVRS HIHSMW )WGEPnS- XVsW )WGEPnS-- IUYEXVS ERSW )WGEPnS--- )QMRWXEPEp~IWGSQGSRWY

QSWMRXIRWMZSWHIIRIVKMEMRXIKVEHEWRSlQ FMXS HS 7+'-) WIVj RIGIWWjVMS GSQTVSZEV UYIIWXjEWIVGYQTVMHSSGSVVIWTSRHIRXI %GSVHSHI6EGMSREPM^EpnSHI'SRWYQSWHI )RIVKME %6')  8EQFqQ HIZIVj WIV GIV XM½GEHS UYI SW IHMJuGMSW EPGERpEVnS ETzW E MQTPIQIRXEpnSHEWQIHMHEWEGPEWWI&TEVE IHMJuGMSWRSZSWSYEGPEWWI'TEVEIHMJuGMSW I\MWXIRXIW %W QIHMHEW HI I½GMsRGME IRIVKqXMGE MHIRXM ½GEHEWIQEYHMXSVMEIRIVKqXMGETEWWEQTIPE ERjPMWI GYMHEHE HS IHMJuGMS TIPE WYE IRZSP ZIRXI I GEVEGXIVuWXMGEW %W TVMRGMTEMW QIHM HEWMHIRXM½GEHEWREWEYHMXSVMEWTSHIQTEW WEVTIPSMWSPEQIRXSXqVQMGSREWGSFIVXYVEW ITEVIHIWI\XIVMSVIWEXVSGEHIMPYQMREpnS TSV MPYQMREpnS QEMW I½GMIRXI SW XMTSW HI IRZMHVEpEHSWEMRWXEPEpnSHITEMRqMWWSPEVIW XqVQMGSWTEVEEUYIGMQIRXSHIjKYEWWERMXj VMEWIXEQFqQETVzTVMEMQTPIQIRXEpnSHI YQWMWXIQEHITVSHYpnSHIIRIVKMEEXVEZqW HITEMRqMWWSPEVIWJSXSZSPXEMGSW%TIWEVHSW FIRIJuGMSWHEWQIHMHEWHII½GMsRGMEIRIVKq XMGELjYQGSRNYRXSHIFEVVIMVEWUYIMQTI HIQEWYEMQTPIQIRXEpnSIEHSTpnSGSQS EW HM½GYPHEHIW TEVE ½RERGMEQIRXS TIVGIT pnSHSWVMWGSWIRZSPZMHSWJEPXEHIMRJSVQE pnS GSRWGMIRGMEPM^EpnS GSRLIGMQIRXS HEW VIKVEWHIYQGSRXVEXSHITIVJSVQERGIEGIW WSkWXIGRSPSKMEWIIUYMTEQIRXSWHIYWSI½ GMIRXIHEIRIVKMEEPXSWGYWXSWHIXVERWEGpnS JEPXEHIGSR½ERpERSVIWYPXEHSHEWQIHMHEW ITVMSVMHEHIWHSWHIGMWSVIW

9QETEVXMGYPEVMHEHIHEPIMqEWYEEFIVXYVE EUYIIRXMHEHIWXIVGIMVEWTSWWEQMRWXEPEVI I\TPSVEVEQMRMTVSHYpnSTSVGSRXVEXYEPM^E pnSGSQSXMXYPEVHEMRWXEPEpnSHIGSRWYQS )WXETSWWMFMPMHEHIHIWXMREWIEUYIRSlQFM XSHS(IGVIXS0IMRžUYIVIKYPEE GSRXVEXYEPM^EpnSHIWIVZMpSWHIIRIVKMEWINE TSWWuZIPkW)QTVIWEWHI7IVZMpSW)RIVKqXM GSW )77) SY XEQFqQ )7'3  MRXIKVEV RSW TVSNIGXSWHII½GMsRGMEIRIVKqXMGEEGSQTS RIRXIHIQMRMTVSHYpnS

:'SRGPYWnS )WXIMRGIRXMZSkTVSHYpnSHIWGIRXVEPM^EHEq QEMWYQEQIHMHEGSQSSFNIGXMZSHIQI PLSVEVEI½GMsRGMEHEYXMPM^EpnSHIIRIVKMEI GSQFEXIVSEYQIRXSHETVSGYVEHIIRIVKME EXVEZqWHEIYQEQEMSVTVSHYpnSHIIRIVKME EXVEZqW HSW VIGYVWSW IRHzKIRSW UYI I\MW XIQRSRSWWSIHM½GEHS 3MRGIRXMZSkTVSHYpnSHIIRIVKMEVIZIPE WIYQEKVERHISTSVXYRMHEHITEVEIQTVI WEW MRHWXVMEW I MRZIWXMHSVIW TEVE TSHIV SPLEV TEVE IWXI RIKzGMS GSQS YQ TEGSXI HI MRZIWXMQIRXS SRHI WI TSHIQ IRZSPZIV ZjVMEWjVIEWHIRIKzGMSUYIVIRXEFMPM^EVEQ EW HIQEMW IQTVIWEW I MRZIWXMHSVIW UYI EHIVMVIQ4SHIQSWHM^IVUYIEGXYEPQIRXI I\MWXIYQIRUYEHVEQIRXSPIKEPTEVEEMRXI KVEpnSIPqGXVMGEHIVIRSZjZIMWTEVETVEXMGE QIRXIXSHEWEWKEQEWHITSXsRGMEWIXMTSW HIETPMGEpnS

&MFPMSKVE½E

?A (IGVIXS0IMRžHIHI1EVpSHI ?A 6IWSPYpnSHI'SRWIPLSHI1MRMWXVSWRžHIHI%FVM ?A 4PERRMRK -RWXEPPMRK4LSXSZSPXEMG7]WXIQW%KYMHIJSVMRWXEPPIVWEVGLMXIGXWERHIRKMRIIVW WIGSRHIHMXMSR¼&](IYXWGLI+IWIPPWLEJX*YV7SRRIRIRIVKMI (+7  ?A )WXVEXqKME2EGMSREPTEVEE)RIVKME¯(MWTSRuZIPIQLXXT[[[TSVXYKEPKSZTX¯ ÏPXMQSEGIWWSIQHI1EVpSHI ?A )RIVKMEW6IRSZjZIMW6IKYPEpnSI7YWXIRXEFMPMHEHI¯---'SRJIVsRGME%RYEPHE6)034 )67)  ?A )67)¯[[[IVWITX ?A :-2))%R-RXIVREXMSREP7YVZI]SJXLI)RIVK]7IVZMGI'SQTER] )7'3 -RHYWXV]-R)RIVK] 4SPMG]RT ?A (IGVIXS0IMRžHIHI*IZIVIMVSHI



(EHSW(+)+

86

A miniprodução fotovoltaica em Portugal  

Autor: Paulo Saraiva, Raphael Freire; Revista: renováveis magazine nº6

A miniprodução fotovoltaica em Portugal  

Autor: Paulo Saraiva, Raphael Freire; Revista: renováveis magazine nº6

Advertisement