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272 Diary (cont.) random versus convenient days, 23 sample of completed time diary, 56,57 subjective dimensions, 24–25 yesterday versus tomorrow basis, 22–23 Diary data, see also Time-diary data family care time, 50–51 free time, 51–54 interrelations between four basic types of time, 50 personal care and travel time, 51 uses of, 48-54 work time, 48-50 Diary method: see Time-diary method Dimensions, data analysis issue, 27–28 Dining out, mean duration for life-cycle groups by day of week, 143 Direct measurement of subjective aspects, 98–100 Direct observation alternative to time estimates and time diaries, 62 data collection method, 178 qualitative method of time use studies, 4 Disabilities, life with appropriate sampling frame, 179 comparing activities before and after disability, 174–175 conceptual model of time use by persons with physical disability, 174 consideration of time use by rehabilitation professionals, 183 definition of disability issue, 179 impact at level of caregivers, 174 of demographic variables on time use, 176–178 impairment factors, 175 methodological considerations for examining time use, 178–183 procedures for collecting time use data, 180–183 reintegration of persons, 169–170 relationship between disability and use of time, 173-178 relationships among time use, health, and wellbeing, 171–173 between social support and time use, 175–176 between time use and outcomes, 176

Index Disabilities, life with (cont.) relevant variables for time use, 173 sample size issue, 179 sampling and data collection, 178–179 study of time use, 170–171 Time Use Questionnaire, 180,182 use of time or activity patterns, 170 validity and reliability of time use diaries, 181 Doers (participants), primary descriptive measure, 28–29 Domestic activities concern in developed countries, 11 mean duration for life-cycle groups by day of week, 139 Duration (time), data analysis issue, 36– 37 Ecological factors in activity participation model, 78,80 Economic accounts application of time use research, 9 interest in time use research, 8 mismeasurement of, 11 Economic value of children, concern in developing countries, 11 Education, social status factor in activity participation model, 78,79 Elderly, see also Alzheimer's disease; Gerontology; Leisure-time budget research; Time-budget research on elders comparing Korean to Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 234–236 daily activity patterns for caregivers and care recipients, 238–240 development of social environments for well-being of, 237–238 effect of institutionalization on activity, 249–250 quality of life in disabled persons, 176 therapeutic recreation increasing social, emotional, and physical abilities of,249–251 time budget and older persons, 247– 248 time budgets investigating degree of social integration of aged ethnic minorities, 233–234 Electronic trackers, alternative to time estimates and time diaries, 62

Index  

between time-space and travel survey approaches, 13–14 Adoption, becoming parents, 163 Adult education, free time aspect, 53 Age, see also D...

Index  

between time-space and travel survey approaches, 13–14 Adoption, becoming parents, 163 Adult education, free time aspect, 53 Age, see also D...

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