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North Africa The Arab Spring revolutionary demonstrations and protests which began in Tunisia in December 2010 have had a huge impact on North Africa. The protests swiftly became a rallying point for a young generation which felt alienated from autocratic rulers who had long held power. By December 2013, rulers had been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt (twice), and Libya; major protests had broken out in Algeria and Morocco, while minor protests had occurred in Mauritania and Western Sahara. The Arab Spring also spread to the Middle East and some countries in SubSaharan Africa.

MONT. SERB. BULGARIA ITALY ALBANIA MACE.

FRANCE PORTUGAL

SPAIN

GEORGIA

GREECE

TURKEY

MALTA

CYPRUS LEBANON ISRAEL

TUNISIA MOROCCO

PAL. TERR.

ALGERIA

LIBYA

WESTERN SAHARA

EGYPT

SYRIA IRAQ

JORDAN SAUDI ARABIA

MAURITANIA MALI SENEGAL GAMBIA GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

NIGER CHAD

SUDAN

ERITREA

BURKINA FASO GHANA BENIN

NIGERIA

ETHIOPIA

MAURITANIA Population: 3.6 million Majority Religion: Islam (99.8%) Christian population: 8,000 Persecution Category: Significant Mauritania is largely desert and is one of the poorest countries in the world although recent oil finds have given hope of future prosperity. It was formerly a French colony but is now officially an Islamic republic. The legal system is a combination of Sharia (Islamic law) and French civil law. Despite slavery being illegal, there is widespread evidence that it persists. While there is a degree of press freedom, the concept of religious freedom is largely unknown – it is illegal to share the Christian faith – and there is huge social pressure against anyone who leaves Islam. Christians who have left Islam have been imprisoned, beaten for their faith, or have endured ostracism by family or tribe. As in other Muslim-majority countries, police guards are often stationed at the doors of the few church buildings (mainly Roman Catholic) to ensure that Mauritanian citizens do not enter.

North Africa

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Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

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