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UKRAINE

ROMANIA

GEORGIA

Istanbul

GREECE

Ankara Izmir

Focus on Turkey

RUSSIA Black Sea

BULGARIA

TURKEY

AZER. ARMENIA

Population: 75 million Majority Religion: Islam (96%) Christian Population: 163,000 Persecution Category: Limited

IRAN

Turkey’s constitution grants freedom of religion but there is tension between secularists and Islamists. Islam is controlled by the Diyanet, or Presidency of Religious Affairs. Most Turkish Christians belong to the ancient churches SYRIA CYPRUS IRAQ (especially Armenian Orthodox), which are recognised by the government and Mediterranean Sea LEBANON have permission to meet. Christians, along with all other minorities, however, ISRAEL JORDAN face difficulties in exercising their constitutional freedom, particularly in obtaining permission to build or rent premises for meetings and in training leaders. While European Union accession talks have led to some human rights reforms, religious minorities often find that the legal improvements to their rights are not implemented. Religious pluralism is widely viewed as a threat to Islam and “national unity”, and many believe that, to be a true Turk, one must be a Sunni Muslim. A controversial law, Article 301, prohibits publicly denigrating the Turkish nation, and under its terms Christians have been accused of “anti-Turkishness”. Evangelicals and especially missionaries have been misrepresented widely by the government, the media and in school textbooks, and some missionaries have been beaten. Church buildings are occasionally attacked, and some foreign church workers have been deported or denied renewals of their residency permits. An assassination plot against a pastor was foiled in January 2013, when police arrested 14 people involved in the plot.

• TURKISH CHRISTIANS Turks who leave Islam for Christianity face social and familial ostracism, harassment and Accused of intimidation by the security forces and threats from Turkish nationalists and Muslim extremists. anti-Turkishness In the most serious attack in recent years, two Turkish Christians (both former Muslims) and a Photo: Compass Direct German were tortured and murdered in a Christian publishing house in Malatya in 2007. Church in Chains in Action

Church in Chains has had several meetings at the Turkish Embassy in Dublin in relation to the legal and social difficulties faced by evangelical churches. It supports the work of the Association of Protestant Churches in Turkey and SAT-7 TURK, a Turkish-run Christian satellite television ministry.

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Europe

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

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