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Focus on China

RUSSIA KAZAKHSTAN

Urumqi KYRGYZ.

Xinjiang

Beijing NORTH KOREA

TAJIK.

CHINA

AFGH. PAKISTAN

MONGOLIA

SOUTH KOREA

Shanghai

Tibet NEPAL

INDIA

!

JAPAN

BHUTAN BANGL.

TAIWAN BURMA

VIETNAM LAOS THAILAND

HONG KONG MACAU PHILIPPINES

Population: 1.35 billion Majority Religion: Non-Religious (44%) Christian population: 100 million (estimated) Persecution Category: Significant The People’s Republic of China is the world’s most populous country. The enormous economic transformation of the past 30 years that lifted tens of millions of people out of poverty has not been matched by political reform. The Chinese Communist Party has retained its monopoly on power and maintains strict control over the people, cracking down on any signs of opposition.

Government control over religion can be seen in the decades-long struggle in Tibet over the leadership of the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader who is campaigning for autonomy within China; the long-running dispute with the Vatican over the appointment of Roman Catholic bishops; and in the brutal ongoing crackdown on the Falun Gong movement. There are five officially recognised religious faiths in China which are regulated and strictly controlled. They are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Protestant Christianity (the Three-Self Patriotic Movement or TSPM) and Catholicism (the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association or CCPA).

• CHURCH DEMOLISHED There are at least 100 million Christians in China, but it is impossible to estimate accurately. The By government order TSPM has about 20 million members, while Protestant house churches, which are officially illegal, Photo: The Telegraph may have 70 million members. Most are able to meet in relative freedom without interference but, in some areas, Christians from house churches continue to suffer harassment, heavy fines, arrest and torture. However, some TSPM churches are also targeted in government crackdowns, prompted by concerns about size or prominence of church buildings. The CCPA has about 6 million members and it is estimated that there are about 12 million “underground” Roman Catholics. Church in Chains in Action

Church in Chains has campaigned on behalf of the right of house churches to meet freely and in support of Christian prisoners. It has also supported the provision of Bibles and Christian literature for use by house churches.

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East Asia

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

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