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CHAD

SUDAN

Population: 12 million Majority Religion: Islam (53%) Christian Population: 4.4 million Persecution Category: Significant

Population: 46 million Majority Religion: Islam (98%) Christian Population: 200,000 – 500,000 (estimated) Persecution Category: Severe

The Republic of Chad is one of the poorest countries in the world, suffering from corruption, drought and a history of instability and violence. Much of the country is semi-desert, but it produces cotton and has become an oil exporter. Chad gained independence from France in 1960. Three decades of civil war followed, with Libyan involvement, between the north and the south.

Sudan suffered decades of civil war after gaining independence from joint British-Egyptian rule in 1956. The mainly Christian, Animist and African south struggled against economic, political and social domination by the Arab Muslim north; as the war intensified, Islamist militias bombed churches, murdered Christians, destroyed their villages and abducted women and children into slavery. War ended with the signing of the north-south Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2005, and South Sudan seceded in 2011.

Northern Chad is mainly Arab Muslim, while the south is mainly Christian. Chad is a secular state, with freedom of religion, and is open to missionaries. However, Christians living in Muslim areas face discrimination, social exclusion and harassment, and Muslims who convert to Christianity face pressure from family and community to return to Islam – some have had to flee their homes because of threats of violence. There is growing religious tension because of Islamist rebel threats to make Chad an Islamic republic and remove all other religions, especially Christianity.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

President Omar al-Bashir intends to make Sudan a fully Islamic state, and his government is waging a campaign against Christians, especially apostates from Islam, who are legally punishable by death. Government intimidation and harassment is forcing hundreds of thousands of Christians of South Sudanese origin out of Sudan. Persecution of Christians includes arrest, interrogation and detention without charge, demolition of churches and deportation of foreign Christian workers. The government has said that it will not grant licences for new church buildings.

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

Church in Chains Global Guide  

The Church in Chains Global Guide lists 60 countries where Christians face persecution because of their faith. The Global Guide divides the...

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