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ADVENTURE LIN,

CHUNGTSE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH


“Touch the earth lightly” Glenn Murcutt


After pass the career and back to school, I determined to find my own theory about the nature of architecture. In my expectation, there’s a great way to use technology to create the real natural architecture. From Wright’s Falling Water to Glenn Murcutt’s houses, I believe that environmental sustainability is one of the responsibilities of this generation for architects. My imagination for sustainable architecture is how to make human beck to nature, let the architecture not only be exclusive to humans, but it can also be part of the natural system. Those forms of architecture may not have some specifically shape, they would be appearances from the our natural experiences, or the form may self-growth by time passes. But those forms should all have a meaning concept which expressing the desire for integration into nature. I doubt that many sustainable architectures only care about reducing energy consumption or reducing the impact on the environment, because the existence of the architectures itself has actually changed the environment, the habitat of animals and plants in this area has been destroyed because the architecture were built, so even though we reduce 90% of energy consumption, it still not as good as before. Therefore, I do my effort and concerned that the architecture can be integrated into the natural system part of the ecosphere, no matter a part of the architecture can become the habitat for plants and animals, or started produce resources for ecosphere, not only just the fortress to protects human as before. I want to claimed and proved that is more sustainable for our earth, and it will be the philosophy I want to fulfill in my entire life.


PROFESSIONAL ADVENTURE

Work Experiences

Cathay Life Insurance office

8

Showtime Wenxin Plaza

12

Sweeten Highrise Apartment

16

ACADEMIC ADVENTURE

Design Studio

Runway Park

22

Nature

34

Memory

46

TECHNOLOGY ADVENTURE

Related Research

Biomaterial

60

KUKA robot

68


PROFESSIONAL ADVENTURE Work Experiences


Cathay Life Insurance Office


CATHAY LIFE INSURANCE OFFICE

Location Program Area Condition Duty

Taichung, Taiwan office, education 9460.67 m2 (101,833.8 SF) completed BIM Coordinator Project designer Project design from CD to SD Project coordinator BIM coordinate BIM modeling Architecture permit Floor plan organize Presentation Code review Detail drawings

370.00

1185.00

-

10


685.00

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

11


Showtime Wenxin Plaza


SHOWTIME WENXIN PLAZA

14


Location Program Area Condition Duty

Taichung, Taiwan mixed-use 82,644.62 m2 (889,579.28 SF) completed BIM Coordinator

ADVENTURE

-

BIM coordinate BIM modeling Structure system analysis Facade analysis Detail drawings Debug

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

15


Sweeten Highrise Apartment


SWEETEN HIGHRISE APARTMENT

BIM cooperation process

Construction Documents in Taiwan

18


Location Program Area Condition Duty

ADVENTURE

Taichung, Taiwan residential 66,710.47 m2 (718,065.52 SF) planning BIM Coordinator Project designer

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

-

BIM coordinate BIM modeling BIM cooperation process design Structure system analysis Floor plan organize Architecture permit

LIN, CHUNGTSE

19


ACADEMIC ADVENTURE Design Studio


RUNWAY PARK Flooding Control


RUNWAY PARK

This Park is designed to mitigate flood issues and give back to the community their needs of walkable and safe spaces. It is in an industrial lot located between Gardner Lane and North Sun Tran Blvd.

REDUCE FLOADING AND EROSION

The design contains (18) basins for collection and storage of rainwater. Controlling runoff and erosion and sidewalk scuppers to that help to collect stormwater.

CREATE COMMUNITY AND VISUAL ENGAGEMENT

Created an activity that engaged the Flowing Wells Community neighbourhood and workers around the site. They provided feedback and ideas that were incorporated into the designs decision.

WELLNESS + PHYSICAL MENTAL HEALTH

This design contains spaces that support the user’s physical and mental well-being. We use plants to improve air quality and increase shading areas for communities to walk and provide workers with a place for lunch or entertainment.

24


ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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RUNWAY PARK

1 AUDITORIUM

4 BIRDING AND FISHING

2 PLAYGROUND

5 KAYAK AND PADDLE BOARD

3 BOTANICAL GARDEN

6 RUNNING PATH

KIT OF PARTS

6

Solar panel

26

5


4

3

2

ADVENTURE

1

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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PE

R

SI D E W ALK

SC

UP

RUNWAY PARK

STREET WATER Sidewalk scupper are used to reduce the amount of stormwater flowing down the street, often diverting that water into basins to irrigate vegetation.

28


RAIN

BASIN - PIPE A pipe that runs underground, taking water from one location to another.

Bench

US WA SH

Bench

PIPE - B

Bench

ER AT W

Bench

RECHARGE WATER Recharge is the addition of surface water to an aquifer.

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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RUNWAY PARK

30


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ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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RUNWAY PARK

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NATURE RECREATION CENTER


NATURE

WHAT IS TUCSON? WHAT IS NATURE?

When asked to explain the design concept, a specific experience in nature comes to mind. I have always been attracted to exploration through hiking. On this particular day, I was hiking from the rim into the Grand Canyon. There were so many twists and turns, and it gave me the opportunity to view the same canyon walls from different angles and elevations and from different distances. I realized in this moment, the complexity of experiencing an environment. The same space transforming completely each time. And not just through dimension or distance, but also through changes in weather and from changes in form and light happening over time. But perhaps most profound is the feeling; the emotion that accompanies the complexity of this experience.

36


E 6th

St.

UP

+48"

+58"

+0

UP

E7

th

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

St.

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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NATURE

I realized that what while a view maybe be important, greater is the experience of that view. That is what formed the architectural concept for this site. Emulating nature in design will always fall short, but drawing from the experience of nature will create spaces that continually inspire. Based upon this concept, program elements were classified by the ways they inspire different spatial qualities found in the natural places of Arizona; cave, canyon, shade, and peak. From that, the architectural form was placed section by section around these categories of experience.

F A Meeting, view point Meeting Assembly Office

Studio Library Kitchen

Repair store

Assembly

Parking

A

B

B

C

E

Studio

Warehouse & Transport Building

Meeting

Dinning Area

Gears rental

Gears rental

Running path

C

D

G Meeting

Storage

Core Solar Panels Office

Office

H

Studio

Library

GYM

Assembly

E

F

Solar Panels

Meeting Corridor

Repair store

D

38

G

H


CLIMBING AREA

GYM

UP

KITCHEN

DN

DN

ELETRICAL

ASSEMBLY

MECHANICAL

STORAGE

DN

CLIMBING AREA

ASSEMBLY +58"

DN

LOBBY

GIFT STORE

TRANSFORMATION CLIMBING AREA

REPAIR SHOP

GENERAL SHOP RENTAL SHOP AND HARD GOODS OVERNIGHT STORAGE

ADVENTURE

UP

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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2

6

SECTION PRESPECTIVE 1/8" = 1'-0"

7

8

9

10

5

6

7

8

9

1

10

2 A

3 4

CLIMBING AREA

GYM

B

D

D

D

UP

KITCHEN

DN

0' - 0"

DN

C

E

E

E DN

ELETRICAL

ASSEMBLY

MECHANICAL

STEAM & SAUNA

F

STORAGE

STEAM & SAUNA

F

F DN

CLIMBING AREA

G

0' - 0"

G

-3' - 6"

G

ASSEMBLY

DN

LOBBY

H

H

H

GIFT STORE

Mechanical

TRANSFORMATION

I

I

J

J

I

CLIMBING AREA

REPAIR SHOP

J GENERAL SHOP RENTAL SHOP AND HARD GOODS OVERNIGHT STORAGE

MECHANICAL ROOM

K

K

5

40

UP

K 6

7

8

9

10


Level 5 60' - 0"

Level 4 45' - 0"

Level 3 30' - 0"

Level 2 15' - 0"

Level 1 0' - 0" Level B1M -3' - 6"

Level B1 -15' - 0"

Level B2 -25' - 0"

1

1 2

2

A

A

3

3

31' - 6"

4

B

4

B

STUD IO

Mechanical

28' - 0"

D STUD IO

C

C

EDUC & M ATIO EETI N NG

E Electrical

ELETRICAL MECHANICAL

Mechanical

COOLING TOWER STORAGE

COPY ROOM LIBRARY

F

OFFICE

F

-7' 6"

CONFERENCE

F 45' - 0"

45' - 0"

DN

SHARED OFFICE

UP

G

DN

45' - 0"

G

G

DN

MEETING ROOM

H

H

I

I

J

J

K

K

H

EDUCATION ROOM

HARD GOODS

GEAR BANK

5

6

7

DN

8

9

10

5

ADVENTURE

6

7

8

9

10

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

6

7

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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NATURE

42


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NATURE The entire facade system contains three types of replaceable pannels, including solar panels, climbing panels, and weathered metal panels. The position of various plates can be adjusted as the building’s usage changes or seasonal influences to make more flexible use.

5' - 0"

ALUMINUM FRAMING

STRUCTURAL CONNECTION

ALUMINUM FRAMING

SPACE FOR WIRES

5' - 0"

STRUCTURAL CONNECTION

PANEL SUPPORT

SPACE FOR WIRES

CHANGEABLE PANEL

CHANGEABLE PANEL

CLIMBING PANEL

WEATHERED STEEL

SOLAR PANEL 44


ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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THE SECOND ROUND ELDER CARE


THE SECOND ROUND ELDERCARE

AND

MEMORY

This project endeavors to optimize architecture design for the elderly in the Lafayette neighborhood in Detroit, The design proposal is to create a space not only to provide their physical convenience but more important to support their mental wellness. Elderly care is a significant expense in medical care not only in the USA but in the whole world. A common way may be daily home care or concentrated in the elderly community. However, this lifestyle change causes psychological issues. For example, some elderly force to leave their homes living for 30 to 40 years and move to an unfamiliar place and look like a hotel or hospital that makes people homesick or losing the propose of life. Furthermore, most of the elderly care facilities isolated from society, that main people living in there disconnect from community and live in an independent group from time to time to face the disappearance of their peers. The main issue of the change is that people do not have the same memory they used to have, the lifestyle they used to for their half of life face to change when they move to eldercare facilities. Therefore, the memory can be a solution that helps the elderly to reconnect with society. This project use memory as the core concept to consider how architecture can provide a redescription of memory via space and materials.

16 C PER

O NTA G E

P ERC

RC E PE

G

E

P E RC E N TA

AV

AG E IN CO M

H

79

48

OU

SE H OL D TY

75% RENT

P

EO

F P EO P L E W

I

90%

KID

67

85%

OUT

15-30

IC

TH

AVERAGE DEATH

R LY A FR

S

ER

E

AVERAGE RETIREMENT

LD E

A M ERIC A N

N

70%

USA $31,042 $55,322

MEMORY PERIOD

FE

AN

EN

P SO

2050

E OF ONE

18%

ER

Most of the deep memory that people have were created during the 15-30 age period. That is the period most of the people have their several “first-time.�

G TA

TA G E O F E LD LY

Older people in the USA will increase to about 25% of the population in 2050 from 13% in 2016. That main we will face more eldercare issues in the future.

EN

ER

20


LIVING BEHAVIOR

Value of Family

UNFAMILIAR MEMORY

MATERIALS SOCIAL CONNECTIONS

Age 5 : 1943 Great Migrmation, moved to Detroit Age 6 : 1944 move to Black Bottom, three families lived together Age 15 : 1953 can’t finish K-5, start worked in Ford Age 18 : 1956 Black Bottom be demolished Age 29 : 1967 Detroit roit Age 65 : 2003 retire

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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THE SECOND ROUND SITE, THE STONE SOAP BUILDING,

BLACK BOTTOM,

DETROIT

The stone soap building was a production facility and warehouse of car wash detergent company, Stone Soap Co., in the United States. The building located between Franklin and Riopelle Streets, just one street away from the old Detroit neighborhood, Black Bottom. The stone soap building nowadays can see as a combination of three buildings. The easternmost section was the first construction, which is built in 1907 and continuing with another two expansion in 1927 and 1929. Typical for each period, the oldest buildings are built-in “Mill building construction, but the differences of expansion can be observed from the facade, space, and material. The earlier section of the building was used load-bearing brick as an exterior wall and reinforced concrete as the structural system, come with 12 feet high of space. The last two extensions of the building with a higher height of space have a load-bearing brick for the exterior. But the structure system was changed as the wood framing system with a close distance. Black Bottom was a predominantly black neighborhood in Detroit, Michigan demolished for redevelopment in the early 1960s and replaced with the Lafayette Park. It was located on Detroit’s Near East Side and was bounded by Gratiot Avenue, Brush Street, Vernor Highway, and the Grand Trunk railroad tracks. Its main commercial strips were on Hastings and St. Antoine streets. Black Bottom was the one of the most prominent African-American business and residential districts. Because of race policy and protested of residents , most of Immigration of African american came from south during early 20 century were force to stay in Black Bottom. Therefore, it created unique cultures and special business model. The famous Detroit blue and black bottom dance was from this period.

Lafayette Park

I-375

River Walk

Detroit River Renaissance Center

50


Black Botton neighborhood, https://www.blackbottomstreetview.com/

The Stone Soap Building, https://www.nailhed.com/2015/02/eaton-soap.html

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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THE SECOND ROUND

When we think about how to bring memory into architecture, the first thing we need to consider is how is the lifestyle that those people used to have. About 87.6% people live in Black botton used to live in an independent house or townhouse. Even though they might move to a big city and stay in an apartment when they grow up, but most of their memory during their age 15 to 30 were living in an isolated cube. According to that, we need to bring those features from house and community to apartment system, such as enough natural light complex funtion.

MEMORIAL ADVANCE INTERMEDIATE BASIC

52


DN

UP

DN

Most of the eldercare facilities are designed like a hotel or hopital. It does not make you like to stay in a home but room. By shifting each room element to create space that can be patio or balcony can give the elderly more house-like feeling. DN

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

LIN, CHUNGTSE

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THE SECOND ROUND

This elderly housing should like a journey, a memory journey. The walking path connects every spot on each floor, and you can roam in the building no matter how snow strong outside. From the ground floor to the top level, different facilities can give you triggers to bring yours into a memory pool. That gives you not feel like stay in an apartment but a vertical community.

54


ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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THE SECOND ROUND

56


“We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” George Bernard Shaw

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TECHNOLOGY ADVENTURE Related Research


Biomaterial aroma


BIOMATERIAL Chitosan is produced commercially by deacetylation of chitin, with the exoskeletons of arthropods, the primary component of cell walls in fungi (Elieh-Ali-Komi and Hamblin, 2016) . Chitosan is a biodegradable and biocompatible material, which is used in different fields such as seed treatment and biopesticides in agriculture field, wound dressing in the medical field, and a replacement in plastic produces. To make chitosan viscous in order to print, it needs to be dissolved by acetic acid. To make chitosan gel can vinegar product on the market and mix with glycerol and water to become hydrogels (Yadav and Bhise, 2004) . The formula of chitosan gel we used to create 150g chitosan gel KUKA printing included 90g of water, 30g of chitosan, 20g of acetic acid (vinegar) and 10g of glycerol. By adding the amount of acetic acid can increase viscosity. There are several researches on using biomaterial as media for 3D printing. For example, researchers from MIT, they added sodium alginate powder, one of the natural thickeners, to increase the viscosity of chitosan gel. (Mogas-Soldevila and Oxman, 2015). They also mixed chitosan gel with different fillers like hemp fiber to tested different features. As Printing Architecture points out that coffee grounds and sawdust can function as materials for 3D printing (Rael and San Fratello, 2018) . Therefore, it is possible that coffee grounds and sawdust could make chitosan gel stronger but I did not have chance to approve in my previous research.

crab

shrimp

chitin shellfish

acetic acid

glycerin chitosan

aroma

fertilizer

62

water

chitosan filter panel


A lot of people choose to move into a retirement facility after they get old. However, to leave a place that they have been, some 30 to 40 years and then to move in a whole new environment and try to reconnect, it can cause mental problems such as: Depression, Lack of confidence or a sense of Insecurity for them. Therefore, I want to use aroma to bring them to a place of nostalgia so that they can feel more comfortable and have a smooth transition into their new environment for the first few weeks that they are there. According to the article “nostalgia as a resource for psychological health and well-being� by Clay Routledge, Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides, and Jacob Juhl, nostalgia can become a positive treatment metal problems. Based on this concept, I used aroma as a trigger to bring back a sense of memory. Furthermore, they aromas just need to stay a few weeks for elders to get used to their new environment. Lastly, there are several ways to bring the aroma into the chitosan-gel depending on what kind of aroma. For example, the coffee aroma can just use ground coffee powder to mix with chitosan-gel, the aroma can keep for about 1 month. Another example, would be if some people have a memory with the perfume that they used to use, these perfumes can also be used after mixing with chitosan-gel because some of them were reflected by speier esterification from acetic acids such as amyl acetate or benzyl acetate.

Parameters : 1. number of circle 2. size of circle

KUKA simulation

Frame mode testing

Final toolpath for robot

ADVENTURE

ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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BIOMATERIAL

frame testing

Chitosan powder

Add water

viscosity testing

64

Add glycerin

ro


Exam 1 add Sodium Alginate 1%

Exam 2 add Sodium Alginate 0.5%

Add vinegar

mixed and cooked

add aroma resource

obot motion simulation

first layer printing

second layer printing(after 3 hours)

Exam 1 add Sodium Alginate

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ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH

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BIOMATERIAL

66


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KUKA Robot


KUKA ROBOT

“Hey, we have a KUKA robot, but no one use, are you interesting?� To understand operating the KUKA robot, you probably need to know grasshopper, Arduino, 3D printing, and some basic electronic knowledge. However, the most important experience I learned from the robot in the last three years is how to find the know-how and communication. For example, when I start to use the robot as a multi-media 3D printer, I do not only need to figure out the signal, coding, and materials but also need to find the right person to ask the questions. Most of the people were not from the architectural field and the problems we gave to them usually not common questions in their area. Therefore, how to communicate correctly is the key to get the project successful.

70


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