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SUE OLLEMANS 13 GEORGIAN HOUSE 10 BURY STREET LONDON SW1Y 6AA M/C +44 (0) 7775 566 356 ollemans178@btinternet.com ollemans.com


GLASS SPLIT EARRING DONG SON 700 BCE – 700 CE Diameter: 7.6cm The Dong Son culture (East Mountain Culture) is a Bronze age culture which includes all of South-East Asia and into the Indo-Malaya Archipelago from about 1000 to 1 BC. Centered on the Red River Valley of Vietnam, the Dong Son were sophisticated agriculturalists, raising rice and buffalo. To the south were found the ProtoCham culture of Sa Huynh Culture (700 BCE – 100 CE).

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GOLD FILIGREE EARRINGS KUSHAN OR GANDHARA, NORTHERN INDIA 30 – 375 CE Diameter: 6.5cm Height: 3.5cm The Kushan were part of the Yuezhi tribes. They gradually consolidated power and gained control from the Scythians and expanded into the Gandharan area and established twin capitals in Begram and Peshawar. They also adopted elements of the Hellenistic culture of Bactria and used a Greek alphabet. They ruled the length of the silk route linking the Indian Ocean to the Indus Valley. Images of these important earrings are found on sculpture of the period. These elaborate ear pieces are made of at least seven different elements of sheet gold worked together with fine granulation the type of which is found on the Kronos earrings in the Metropolitan Museum New York.

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CARVED AGATE CICADA BEADS PYU DYNASTY BURMA Circa 4 – 7TH CENTURY CE

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CARVED AGATE TURTLE BEADS PYU, BURMA 4 – 7TH CENTURY CE

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GOLD FOLIATE RING WITH FLOWER POT OF PLENTY CENTRAL JAVA 9 –12TH CENTURY CE Diameter: 3.5cm Size: 9.5 US Weight: 33.8g

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GOLD AND PINK STONE RING

LARGE GOLD AND DYED CRYSTAL RING

LARGE HEXAGONAL RING WITH TREE OF PLENTY

CENTRAL JAVA

CHAMPA, VIETNAM

CENTRAL JAVA

9 –12TH CENTURY CE

14TH CENTURY CE

9 –12TH CENTURY CE

Diameter: 2.5cm

Diameter: 3.5cm

Diameter: 3cm

Size: 4 US

Size: 6.5 US

Size: 7 US

Weight: 6.3g

Weight: 41.4g

Weight: 44.1g

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GOLD AND RUBY HAIRPINS CHINESE MING DYNASTY 17TH CENTURY CE Length: 17cm Hairpins throughout the history of China have been a focus of decoration. This pair of free cloud designs finely cut and pierced are no exception. Two small rubies are inset within a crown of gold.

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EAR ORNAMENTS

EAR ORNAMENTS

(PAMPADAM)

(THANDATTI)

MADURAI, TAMIL NADU SOUTH INDIA

SOUTH INDIA

19TH CENTURY CE

Height: 4cm

Width: 6cm

Width: 4cm

A complex form of juxtaposed squares, rectangles and triangles with a small snake or bird face some people believe is the face of Garuda some believe the face of the Naga. Made from sheet gold and filled with lac. Similar examples Indian Jewellery: Dance of the Peacock, Usha R Bala Krishnan and Meera Sushil Kumar p172 #259 LACMA Southern Asian Art Council and the South and Southeast Asian Acquisition Fund (M.2000.53.1a-b)

19TH CENTURY CE

Weight: 17.3g each A pair of gold ear ornaments of geometric yantra form are worn exclusively by women of the Velalar Nadar class in Tamil Nadu and neighbouring Kerala in the areas around Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Tirunelvelly and Kanyakumari. It is believed that these earrings represent the three worlds that exist in Hindu belief: the physical universe; the astral or mental plane inhabited by the supernatural, and, the spiritual universe of the Hindu Gods. Similar examples Victoria & Albert Museum, London Brooklyn Museum, US Barbier-Mueller Museum, Geneva Ghysels Collection, Brussels A World of Earings from the Ghysels Collection p.121, 325 pub. Skira 2001 Earrings: Ornamental Identity and Beauty In India, Waltraud Ganguly, pub. BR Delhi Traditional Jewelry of India, Oppi Untracht

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GOLD EMERALD, RUBY AND DIAMOND TOE-RINGS SOUTH INDIA 19TH CENTURY CE Width: 3.5cm Height: 3cm

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GOLD EARPLUGS (SUMBEK TALINGO)

WESTERN SUMATRA PROVINCE, MINANGABAU, INDONESIA 19 – 20TH CENTURY CE Diameter: 8.5cm Weight: 12g / 11.7g Similar examples Museum of Fine Arts Houston Glassel Collection Gift of the James and Elaine Connell Collection. Asian Art Museum San Francisco 2012.19.1-2

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BRONZE MARANGGA EAST NUSA TENGGARA WEST SUMBA REGENCY, INDONESIA 19TH CENTURY CE 21cm x 21cm These rare and highly revered objects were never exposed to sunlight, unless being used in rituals. A marangga of this size would have been part of a noble treasury and was an expression of his status, lineage and veneration for his ancestors. The form first seen in small pre-classical pieces found in Java from the 4 – 6TH century reached their peak in size and weight during the 18 – 19TH century. Some in gold, some in bronze depending on their wealth and status. Similar examples The Metropolitan Museum Purchase, Muriel Kallis Newman Gift, In memory of Kathleen H. Newton and Rogers Fund 1988 1988.166

“Photos from the 1930s show the proud nobility of the village of Anakalang displaying scores of pieces hung out on bamboo poles.” Gold Jewellery of the Indonesian Archipelago Anne Richter and Bruce W Carpenter p153

Gift of the James and Elaine Connell Collection Department: Southeast Asian Art. Asian Art Museum San Francisco 2012

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DOUBLE AXE PENDANT (TAKA)

CENTRAL FLORES, NGADA 18 – 19TH CENTURY CE Diameter: 7.2cm Height: 7cm Weight: 34.7g Taka are the most valued heirloom handed down from generation to generation. Taka remained the property of the ancestors and were occasionally used as marriage gifts. Blood sacrifices must normally be performed before they are removed from hiding places for viewing or to be worn. They are said to resemble the double axe – heads and resemble the blades of Dong-Son Type used in ceremonies and made of bronze. Similar examples Gold Jewellery of the Indonesian Archipelago Anne Richter and Bruce W Carpenter, p208

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BRONZE SANGGORI CENTRAL SULAWESI EARLY 20TH CENTURY CE Width: 22cm Height: 22cm This sanggori is made of bronze in the shape of a tail that coils around resembling a spiral with ridged decoration. It is worn pointing upward to the right. The placement on the heads of noble males is associated with solar imagery. These snake-shaped ornaments conferred magical protective powers on the wearer. It was believed they could deflect weapons and evil influences of attacking warriors. They were worn woven into the top of the turbans worn by men or in central Sulawesi these pieces were inserted into the tops of funeral puppets. Women would wear them during the Adat ceremonies.

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WOMEN’S GOLD EARPIECES

DOUBLE AXE PENDANT

(SARU DALINGA)

CENTRAL FLORES, NGADA

SOUTHERN NIAS

18 – 20TH CENTURY CE

19TH CENTURY CE

Diameter: 6.5cm

Width: 12cm

Height: 5.5cm

Height: 6cm

Weight: 11.1g

(TAKA)

Weight: 12g Gold was hammered into thin delicate ribbed sheets. Women usually wore these smaller pairs in a horizontal position. They are thought to resemble fern fronds and signify vitality and fertility. When worn by men they tend to be larger and only one earring is worn in a vertical position in the right ear only. (Gaule) Similar examples Gold Jewellery of the Indonesian Archipelago Anne Richter and Bruce W Carpenter, p406 – 407

Taka are the most valued heirloom handed down from generation to generation. Taka remain the property of the ancestors and were occasionally used as marriage gifts. Blood sacrifices must normally be performed before they are removed from hiding places for viewing or to be worn. They are said to resemble the double axe heads and resemble the blades of Dong-Son Type used in ceremonies and made of bronze.

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SILVER EARRINGS

SILVER EARPIECES

SILVER TORQUE

(KAVATA)

(SITEPAL)

TETUM, CENTRAL TIMOR Diameter: 4.5cm

TOBA BATAK SUMATRA INDONESIA

AKHA MINORITY, GOLDEN TRIANGLE

Height: 6cm

Diameter: 2.5cm

Weight: 14.5g

Height: 3.5cm

Diameter: 19.5cm Weight: 332g

Weight: 24.7g A pair of flat silver earrings, the central space of which is filled with spirals. The Tetum marriage ceremony involves the exchange of huge amounts of metal goods, these earrings forming part of that exchange.

A pair of silver earrings from the Samosir Island and other Toba regions represents the mythic animal the snake that was important in pre-Christian times in Toba myths. Men wore them in the right lobe.

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SILVER TORQUE

WOMEN’S SILVER EARINGS

SILVER COUNTERWEIGHT

GOLDEN TRIANGLE, NORTHERN THAILAND

(GHAB NAIX)

GUIZHOU PROVINCE, CHINA

MIAO, DONG MINORITY CHINA

Diameter: 21.5cm

19TH CENTURY CE

19TH CENTURY CE

Weight: 148g

Height: 6.6cm

Width: 4.5cm

Width: 5cm

Weight: 10.9g

A solid silver torque with bird end finials that allow the attachment of chains. Worn by people of Chinese origin in the Golden Triangle.

Depth: 3cm

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SILVER BANGLES BURMA 19TH CENTURY CE Diameter: 9cm Height: 8cm

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SILVER ‘FLOWER-COIN’ KAREN TRIBE, THAILAND Diameter: 6cm These marvelous heavy flowercoins were an ancient form of money amongst the Thai people. These silver pieces were worn by people of the Karen tribe who were of SinoTibetan people origin.

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SUE OLLEMANS 13 GEORGIAN HOUSE 10 BURY STREET LONDON SW1Y 6AA M/C +44 (0) 7775 566 356 ollemans178@btinternet.com ollemans.com


PHOTOGRAPHY: Elske Koelstra DESIGN: piersanddominic.com


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