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Dƒ°mgvN tIc-f-k`

`mcX ss{IkvX-h k`bpsS Ncn-{X-ho-Yn-bn¬ Db¿∂p-\n¬°p∂p ]pcm-X\ apkn-cn-kv

2013 Pqsse

sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿

hn-izm-k-km-£y-Øn-s‚ hn-f-°p- sIm-fp-Øp-I tI-c-fw A-]-I-S-I-c-am-b tXm-Xn¬ aq-ey-£-bw t\-

cn-Sp-∂X - n-s‚ B-i¶ - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂ kw-`h - ß - f - pw hm¿Ø-If - p-am-Wv Zn-\w-{]-Xn \mw tI-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v. ap-sºm-s° Nn-e kn-\n-a-I-fn-¬ I-≠pw h-S-s° C¥y-bn-se Nn-e kw-ÿm-\-ß-fn-¬ I-≠pw tI-´pw Adn-hp-≈ Im-cy-ß-fm-Wv C-t∏mƒ \-Ωp-sS sIm-®pkwÿm-\Ø - v \mw Im-Wp-∂X - pw tIƒ-°p-∂X - pw. s]m-Xp-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ \n-∂p k-Xy-k-‘-X-bpw [m¿Ωn-I-X-bpw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-aq-ey-ß-fpw A-Xn-th-Kw tNm¿-∂p t]m-bvs - °m-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - n-s‚ B-i¶ - s - ∏-SpØp-∂ Nn-{X-am-Wv C-t∏m-gp-≈X - v. A-gn-aX - n-bpw A-{I-aß - f - pw sIm-e] - m-XI - ß - f - pw Iq-´- B-fl-l-Xy-I-fpw kv-{Xo-]o-U-\-ß-fpw `-bm-\-Iam-b hn-[-Øn¬ h¿-[n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. a-Zy-hpw e-lc - n-hk - vX - p-°f - pw sIm-®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p-t]m-epw C-jvSw-t]m-se e-`n-°m-hp-∂ ÿn-Xn. ]-W-hpw cm-jv-{So-b kzm-[o-\-hpw I-øq-°pw s]m-Xp-k-aq-l-sØ `-cn-°p-∂ hn-\m-i-I-c-am-b km-l-N-cyw. s]m-Xp-Po-hn-X-Øn-se A-¥- pw B-`n-Pm-Xy-hpw aq-ey-t_m-[-hpw ]-g-¶-Ybm-hp-t∂m F-∂ B-i-¶ {]-_-e-s∏-Sp-∂p. A-[n-Im-c-Øn-\p-th-≠n I-Sn-]n-Sn Iq-Sp-∂ cm-jv-{Sob t\-Xr-Xz-ß-fpw A-h-sc A-‘-am-bn ]n-¥p-S-cp-∂ A-Wn-I-fpw P-\-sØ a-d-∂p {]-h¿-Øn-°p-tºmƒ At[m-tem-I kw-L-ß-fpw X-´n-∏p-kw-L-ß-fpw- A-c-ßv hm-gp-∂p. Cu km-l-N-cy-w tI-c-f-Øn¬ ]p-Xn-b-X-s√¶n-epw- k-ao-]-Im-e-Øv C-Xn-s‚ hym-]v-Xn-bpw B-ghpw \-ap-°v Du-ln-°m-hp-∂X - n-\∏ - p-da - m-sW-∂p k-ao ]-Im-e kw-`-h-߃ Nq-≠n°m-´p-∂p. h-©-\-bv-°pw X-´n-∏ns]m-Xp-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ \pw tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS Xn-cn-a-dnIƒ-°pw ] - › - m-Øe - s - am-cp\n-∂p k-Xy-k-‘-X°m≥ kv{- Xo-Iƒ Iq-Sp-Xe - m- bpw [m¿-Ωn-I-X-bpw bn Ip-‰-Ir-Xy-ß-fn-te-°v P-\m-[n-]-Xy-aq-ey-ßB-I¿-jn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - m-Wv G-‰-hpw ]p-Xn-b Im-gv-N. k- fpw A-Xn-th-Kw tNm¿∂p t]m-bv-s°m-≠n-cnao-]- Im-e-Øp-≠m-b H-t´sd {In-an-\¬ ˛ X-´n-∏p tI°p-∂-Xn-s‚ B-i-¶kp-I-fn-se {]-Xn-I-tfm Iqs∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ Nn- { X ´p-{]-Xn-It- fm kv{- Xo-If - mßfmWv Np‰n-epw. sW-∂X - v, tI-cf - k-aq-lwt\-cn-Sp-∂ h≥-hn-]-Øn-s‚ h-cpw-Im-e kq-N\ - I - f - m-Wv. Ip-Spw-_-Øn-s‚ hn-f-°pw B-[m-c-in-e-bp-am-tI-≠ kv{Xo-Iƒ, sIm-≈b - v° - pw sIm-eb - v° - pw Iq-´p-\n¬-°p-∂sh-∂ bm-Ym¿-Yyw X-I-cp-∂ k-aq-l-Øn-\v Im-ew \¬-Ip-∂ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏m-Wv. hn-ip-≤-am-b hn-hm-l ˛ Zmº-Xy-_-‘-ß-sf ]p-—-tØm-sS ho-£n-°p-I-bpw XI¿-°p-Ib - pw sN-øp-tºmƒ X-Ic - p-∂ Ip-Spw-_ß - ƒ-°v I-W° - n-√. ap-Xn¿-∂h - ¿ - sN-øp-∂ Ip-‰I - r-Xy-߃ I-≠pw tI´pw h-f-cp-∂ \-Ωp-sS bp-h X-e-ap-d-bpw Ip-´n-I-fpw GsX-√mw h-gn-I-fn-eq-sS sX-‰m-bn \-bn-°-s∏-t´-°m-sa∂ Nn-¥- `-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]-W-Øn-\p th-≠n `¿-Xr-]n-Xm-hn-s\ h-[n-°m≥ Kp-≠m-kw-L-sØ G¿∏m-Sm-°n-b sj-dn≥ Im-c-W-h-cpw tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS X-´n∏p \-S-Øn-b tI-kn¬ A-d-Ãn-em-b eo-\ a-cn-b t]mƒ F-∂ \-Sn-bpw ku-tcm¿-P ]m-\¬ X-´n-∏p-tIkn¬ ]n-Sn-bn-em-b k-cn-X \m-b-cpw a-‰p ]-e kv-{Xo-Ifpw \¬-Ip-∂ sX-‰m-b k-tµ-i-Øn-s\-Xn-sc \-Ωƒ i-‡a - m-b {]-Xn-tcm-[w Xo¿-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tcm-K-{K-ÿ-am-b a-e-bm-fn k-aq-l-w ]-W-Øn-\pw {]-i-kv-Xn-°pw kp-J-Po-hn-X-Øn-\pw-th-≠n- \-S-Øp-∂ ]-c-°w-]m-®-n-en¬ {]-tem-`n-∏n-°-s∏-Sm-sX \-Ωp-sS bp-hm-°-fpw bp-h-Xn-I-fpw Ip-´n-I-fpw kp-c-£n-X-cm-bncn-°m≥ \mw th-≠-sXm-s° sN-bv-tX Xo-cq. F-ßs\-bpw ]-Ww k-ºm-Zn-°p-I-sb-∂ h-gn-]n-g-® B-Z¿i-Øn-s‚ A-]-I-Sw \-Ωp-sS Ip-Spw-_ -k-tΩ-f-\-ß-fnepw a-‰p-th-Zn-I-fn-epw N¿-®-sN-ø-s∏-S-Ww. C-cn-ßm-e-°p-S cq-]-X-bn¬ e-l-cn- hn-ap-‡-h¿-jw B-N-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. F-s¥m-s° sN-bvXn-´pw, F-{X-tb-sd t_m-[-h¬-°-c-W {]-h¿-Ø-\߃ \-S-∂n-´pw, a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS a-Zym-k-‡n A-S-ßp∂n-s√-∂-Xm-Wv A-\p-`-hw. A-Xp Iq-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. 25 h¿-jw-ap-ºv 300 a-e-bm-fn-I-fn¬ H-cmƒ aZy-]-\m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ C-t∏mƒ 20 t]-cn¬ H-cmƒ IpSn-b-\m-Wv. {]-Xn-h¿-jw 10000 tIm-Sn-tbm-f-am-Wv tI-cf-Øn¬ a-Zyw hn-‰p-In-´p-∂ Xp-I. Cu ÿn-Xnhn-h-c-°W-°p-Iƒ H-cp a-\x-km-£n-°p-Øp-an-√m-sX \n-cØ - p∂ `-cW - m-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ, kz-bw \-io-Ic - W - Ø - n-te-°p≈ a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS t]m-°v X-S-bm≥ H-∂pw sN-øp∂n-s√-∂-Xm-Wv ssh-cp-[yw. Cu cw-K-Øv bp-Un-F-^v k¿-°m-cn-\pw C-c-´-Øm-∏v \-b-am-Wv D-≈-Xv. P-\-Øns‚ I-Æn¬ s]m-Sn-bn-Sm-\p-≈ Nn-e sN-∏-Sn-hn-Zy-Ifn¬ H-Xp-ßp-∂p a-Zy-\n-b-{¥-W \-S-]-Sn-Iƒ. hy-‡n-bp-sS-bpw Ip-Spw-_-ß-fp-sS-bpw \m-cm-bth-c-d-°p-∂ a-Zy-am-Wv \-Ωp-sS s]m-Xp-Po-hn-X-Øn-se aq-ey-£b - Ø - n-\p ap-Jy-]¶ - p-hl - n-°p-∂X - v. A-gn-aX - nsb-bpw A-{I-a-ß-sf-bpw sIm-e-]m-X-I-ß-sf-bpw Zmº-Xy-Po-hn-X-Øn-se h-gn-]n-g-® \-S-]-Sn-I-sf-bpw a-lXz-h¬-°-cn-°p-∂ kn-\n-a-bpw Nm-\¬ ]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fpw "kv{- Xo-im-‡o-Ic - W - ' {]-ÿm-\° - m-cpw Iq-Sn-bm-Iptºmƒ X-I¿-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ \-Ωp-sS s]m-Xp-Pohn-X-Nn-{Xw ]q¿-Øn-bm-hp-∂p. \-∑-bn-epw [m¿-an-I-Xbn-epw D-≈ \-Ωp-sS hn-izm-kw X-s∂ tNm-Zyw sN-øs∏-Sp-∂ Im-ew. ss{I-kv-X-h- hn-izm-k Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ {]-tLm-jW-am-Wv Pq-sse aq-∂n-s‚ k-tµ-iw. \-Ωp-sS ]n-Xmhm-b hn-ip-≤ tXm-am-«o-lm-bp-sS Hm¿-ΩX - n-cp-\mƒ B-tLm-jn-°p-tºmƒ, aq-ey-t_m-[-hpw hn-izm-k-Zm¿Vy-hp-ap-≈ ss{I-kv-X-h-cm-bn Po-hn-°m≥ \-ap-°v {]Xn-⁄-sb-Sp-°mw. k-aq-l-Øn¬ \n-g¬ hn-cn-°p-∂ A-‘-Im-c-sØ ]-gn-°m-sX, \-Ωp-sS ss{I-kv-X-h Pohn-X km-£yw-sIm-≠v H-cp hn-f-s°-¶n-epw sIm-fpØm-\m-bn-cn-°-s´ \-Ωp-sS {i-aw.

hnizm-k-Øns‚ at\m-l-c- Xocw dh. tUm. t]mfn aWn-bm´v hS-hm-Xq¿ skan-\m-cn

`m-c-X {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fp-sS k-`m-N-cn-{X-Øn¬

sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn-\p F-°m-e-Øpw k-hn-ti-j-amb {]m-[m-\y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tb-ip-hn-s‚ kp-hnti-j k-tµ-i-hp-am-bn F.-Un. 52 ¬ tXm-a-kv «o-l I-∏-en-d-ßn-b-Xv ap-kn-cn-kv F-∂-dn-b-s∏´n-cp-∂ tI-cf - Ø - n-s‚ hm-Wn-Py X-eÿ - m-\Ø - mbn-cp-∂p. A-d-_n-°-S-en-s‚ In-g-°≥ Xo-c-Xp-dap-Jw tI-{µo-Ic - n-®m-Wv tXm-ak - v kp-hn-ti-j the B-cw-`n-®-Xv. ]n-∂o-Sv i-‡-am-b- ss{I-kv-Xh km-∂n-[y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂ tI-{µ-am-bn-cp-∂p sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿. Iv\ - m-\m-b k-ap-Zm-bØ - n-s‚ ]mc-ºc - y-a\ - p-kc - n-®v F.-Un-˛345 ¬ Iv\ - m-\m-bn tXmam-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ F-gp-]Ø - n-c≠ - p Ip-Spw_-߃ sa-k-s∏m-t´-an-b-bn¬-\n-∂p Ip-Sn-tbdn-∏m¿-ØX - v sIm-Sp-ß√ - q-cn-em-Wv. H-cp cq-]X - b - m-bn Hu-tZym-Kn-Ia - m-bn ÿm-]n°-s∏-Sp-∂X - n-\p ap-ºv Zo¿-LI - m-et- Ø-°v sImSp-ß√ - q¿ am¿-tØm-Ωm {In-kX v- ym-\n-If - p-sS kp{]-[m-\ tI-{µ-ß-fn-sem-∂m-bn-cp-∂p. G-sX-¶nep-sam-cp {]-tXy-I \-K-c-Øn-s‚ t]-cn-em-bn-cp∂n-√ am¿-tXm-Ωm {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fp-sS k-`m-`cW kw-hn-[m-\w A-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂-Xv. A-h-cpsS sa-{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm C-¥y-bp-sS ap-gp-h≥ sa{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm F-∂m-Wd - n-bs - ∏-´n-cp-∂X - v. ]-Xn-\m-dmw \q-‰m-≠n-s‚ B-cw-`Ø - n¬ t]m¿®p-Ko-kp-Im¿ `m-cX - Ø - n-se-Øp-tºmƒ am¿-tXmΩm {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fp-sS sa-{Xm-t∏m-eo-Ø hkn-®n-cp-∂X - v sIm-Sp-ß√ - q-cn-em-W.v F-∂m¬, 1536˛37 Im-e-Øv t]m¿-®p-Ko-kv ssk-\yw sIm-Spß-√q-cn¬ H-cp tIm-´ ÿm-]n-®-t∏mƒ X-ß-fpsS do-Øpw ]m-c-º-cy-hp-sam-s° in-Yn-e-am-tb°p-sa-∂v `-b∂ - v am¿-tØm-Ωm {In-kX -v ym-\n-Iƒ \-s√m-cp ]-¶pw \-Kc - w hn-´p-t]m-bn. 1541 ¬ Cutim-k-`m ssh-Zn-I¿ sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn¬ Bcw-`n® ssh-Zn-I sk-an-\m-cn-sb hy-h-ÿm-]n-X-amb e-Øo-\o-I-c-W tI-{µ-am-bn-´m-Wv am¿-tØmΩm {In-kvX - ym-\n-Iƒ I-≠X - v. sIm-Sp-ß√ - q-cn-s‚ k-`m-]c - a - m-b {]m-[m-\yw {I-ta-W A-¶-am-en-°v ssI-am-‰-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. 1567 ¬ A-¶-am-en A-Xn-cq-]-X ÿm]n-X-am-bn. am¿ A-{_m-lw sa-{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øm

1568 ap-X¬ A-¶-am-en-bn-em-Wv Xm-a-k-ap-d-∏n-®Xv. F-∂m¬, 1609 ¬ sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn-s‚ A-Xn-cq]-Xm ÿm-\w Xn-cn-sI-°n-´n. Xp-S¿-∂p-≈ Im-eØv k-`m-afi e - Ø - n¬ sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿-Xs - ∂ kp{]-[m-\ ÿm-\-Øv \n-e-bp-d-∏n-®p. ]n¬-°m-eØv 1782 ¬ I-cn-bm-‰n tPm-k-^v a-ev-]m-s\ am¿tØm-Ωm {In-kvX - ym-\n-If - p-sS ta-e[ - y-£\ - m-bn am¿-∏m-∏ A-ht- cm-[n-®t- ∏mƒ sIm-Sp-ß√ - q-cn-s‚ sa-{Xm-t∏m-eo-Øb - m-bm-Wv \n-ba - n-®X - .v sIm-Sp-ß√q-cn-se-Øpw ap-ºp-Xs - ∂ I-cn-bm-‰n sa-{Xm-t∏meo-Øm N-c-a-K-Xn-b-S-™-t∏mƒ ]m-td-Ωm-°¬ tXm-am-°Ø - \ - m-cm-Wv sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿ A-Xn-cq-]X - bp-sS tKm-h¿-Wt- Zm-cm-bn \n-ba - n-°s - ∏-´X - v. 1838 ¬ ]m-{Zp-hm-tZm-b° v- v a-e_ - m-dn-ep-≈ A-[n-Im-cw \n¿-Øe - m-°s - ∏-Sp-tºm-gpw sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿ A-Xncq-]X - m ÿm-\w \n-e\ - n¿-Øp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. km-aq-ln-I-hpw N-cn-{X-]-c-hp-am-b am-\-ß-fnepw sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿ k-hn-ti-j {i-≤-b¿-ln-°p∂ tI-{µ-am-sW-∂ h-kv-Xp-X-bpw Cu ÿ-ew sX-cs - ™-Sp-ØX - n-s‚ Im-cW - ß - f - n-sem-∂m-Wv. kmw-kvI - m-cn-Im-`n-hr-≤n-bn¬ ap≥-\n-cb - n-se-Ønb ]p-cm-X\ - `m-cX - Ø - n-s‚ {]-Xo-Ia - m-bn-´v Im-Wmhp-∂ \-K-c-am-Wv sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿. tI-c-f N-cn-{XØn-epw `m-c-X- N-cn-{X-Øn-epw tem-I- N-cn-{XØn¬-X-s∂-bpw \n¿-Wm-b-I {]m-[m-\y-ap-≠m-

bn-cp-∂ hm-Wn-Py \-K-c-am-bn-cp-∂p sIm-Sp-ß√q¿. Hm-tcm `m-cX - o-b\ - pw C-∂pw A-`n-am-\] - p-ck-cw A-\p-kv-a-cn-t°-≠ H-cp \-K-c-am-Wv {]mNo-\`- m-cX - Ø - n¬ in-ck - p-b¿-Øn hn-cm-Pn-® A¥¿-tZ-io-b Xp-da - p-J- \-Kc - a - m-b sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿. ap-kn-cn-kv F-∂p s]m-Xp-th hn-tZ-i cm-Py-ßfn-ed - n-bs - ∏-´n-cp-∂ sIm-Sp-ß√ - q-cn-\v hy-Xy-kX v\m-at- [-bß - f - p-≠.v ap-Nn-cn, ap-Nn-cn-]´- W - w, a-tlmZ-b ]-´W - w, a-lm-tZ-h¿ ]-´W - w, h-©n, Xn-cp-h©n F-∂n-hs - bm-s° ap-kn-cn-kn-s\-tbm sImSp-ß√ - q-cn-s\-tbm kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂ t]-cp-If - m-W.v sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn-s\-bpw ap-kn-cn-kn-s\-bpw kw-_‘ - n-® ]T-\ß - ƒ Nq-≠n-°m-Wn-°p-∂X - v C-h c-≠pw H-tc \-K-cw X-s∂-sb-∂m-Wv. Htc \-K-c-Øn-\p hy-Xy-kv-X Im-e-L-´-ß-fn¬ hy-Xy-kv-X ÿm-\-ß-fn-em-bn D-≠m-b h-f¿®-bm-Wv Cu t]-cp-I-fn-ep-≈ am-‰w kq-Nn-∏n°p-∂X - v. C-tXm-S-\p-_-‘n-®v a-\-kn-em-t°-≠ h-kvXp-X-bm-Wv A-Sp-Ø-Im-e-Øv D¬-J-\-\w \-SØn h-fs - c-tb-sd ]p-cm-hk - X v- p-°ƒ I-s≠-Ønb ]-´-Ww F-∂ ÿ-e-Øn-\p sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cnt\m-Spw ap-kn-cn-kn-t\m-Sp-ap-≈ _-‘w. ]-´W - w {]-tZ-i-Øp \-S-°p-∂ D¬-J-\-\-ß-sf B-kv]-Z-am-°n ]T-\w \-S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂ ]n.-

hn-h-cm-h-Im-i-hpw hn-hct°-Sp-I-fpw \-Ωp-sS ho-´n¬ F-{X tIm-gn-bp-≠v? A-h F-

{X ap-´b - n-Sp-∂p? C-°m-cy-ßs - fm-s° a-‰p-≈h - ¿ A-dn-tb-≠-X-s√-∂p \-ap-°-dn-bmw. F-∂m¬ Cu hn-h-c-߃ A-dn-b-W-sa-∂p A-b¬-]-°°m¿ imTyw ]n-Sn-®m-tem? A-Xv Aw-Ko-Ic - n-®psIm-Sp-°m≥ C-¥y≥ `-c-W-L-S-\-t]m-epw \tΩm-Sv B-h-iy-s∏Sn-√. Im-c-Ww, C-Xv \m-apw tIm-gn-bpw X-Ωn-ep-≈ {]-iv-\-am-Wv. F-∂p am{X-a-√, {]-Xy-b-im-kv-{X-]-c-am-bn- Nn-¥n-®m¬, tIm-gn \-Ωp-sS kz-Im-cy-kz-Øm-Wv. kz-Im-cykz-Øv _q¿-jzm {]-Xy-b-im-kv-{X-Øn-s‚ {]Xo-I-am-sW-∂p ]-d-bp-∂ C-S-Xp-]-£ k-Jm°ƒ t]m-epw, ho-´n¬ tIm-gn-sb h-f¿-Øp-∂p≠v. A-Xp-sIm-≠v tIm-gn A-ßs - \-Xs - ∂ \n¬°-s´. tIm-gn-Iƒ ap-´-bn-S-s´. B hn-h-cw \Ωp-sS Ip-Spw-_-c-l-ky-am-bn \n¬-°-s´. tIm-gn-bpw ap-´b - pw hn-hc - m-hI - m-ih - pw \-ΩpsS Nn-¥b - n¬ I-S∂ - p-h∂ - X - v sh-dp-sX-b√ - . Cubn-sS tI-{µ-hn-h-cm-h-Im-i \n-b-aw F-s∂m-cp s]m-√m-∏v h-∂t- i-jw F-√m ]m¿-´n-If - p-sS-bpw Nn-¥-bn¬ tIm-gn-sb-t∏m-se Nn-e kz-Im-cy Nn-¥I - ƒ Iq-hn-\S- ° - p-∂p-≠v. hn-hc - m-hI - m-i \n-ba - {- ]-Im-cw C-¥ym- a-lmcm-Py-sØ G-Xp ]u-c\ - pw G-Xv cm-j{-v So-b ]m¿´n-I-fp-sS-bpw G-Xp-Im-cy-hpw tNm-Zn-®-dn-bm-\p≈ \n-b-aw \n-e-hn¬ h-∂n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. CXp-h-sc k¿-°m¿ D-tZym-K-ÿ¿, h-Ip-∏p-Iƒ F-∂n-h-bp-sS Im-cy-Øn-te \-ap-°v ssI-I-SØm≥ A-hI - m-ia - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. C-t∏mƒ cm-j{-v So-b° - m-sc-bpw hn-hc - m-hI - m-i ]-cn-[n-bn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-∂-Xm-Wv ]p-Xn-b hn-ti-jw. F-∂m¬ cm-jv-{So-b ]m¿-´n-I-fp-sS hn-h-c߃ ]u-c∑ - m-sc-∂p ]-db - p-∂ G-Xp A-≠\ - pw A-St- Im-SI - \ - pw ssI-am-dm-\m-hn-s√-∂m-Wv F√m cm-jv{- So-b° - m-cpw H-‰s - °-´m-bn ]-db - p-∂X - v. tNm-Zn-°p-tºmƒ kw-`m-h-\-bpw ]n-cn-hpw R߃-°p X-∂m¬ a-Xn, A-Xn-\∏ - p-dw a-‰v Im-cyß-fn-sem-∂pw X-e-bn-tS-≠ F-∂m-Wv A-h¿ P-\t- Øm-Sv ]-db - p-∂X - v. C- ° m- c y- Ø n¬ \- Ω p- s S B- c m- [ y- c m- b tIm¨-{K-kp-Im-cpw A-[zm-\h - ¿-K- ]m¿-´n-bm-b C-S-Xp-]-£-°m-cpw k-Xy-k-\m-X-\ _n-sP-]nbp-sam-s° H-‰-s°-´m-Wv. hn-h-cm-h-Im-i-tam ˛

F-¥h - I - m-iw, G-Xh - I - m-iw F-∂m-Wv A-h¿ H‰-s°-´m-bn tNm-Zn-°p-∂-Xv. C-°m-cy-Øn¬ \-Ωƒ, hn-Im-cØ - n-\S- n-s∏-SmsX Nn-¥n-t°-≠ H-cp Im-cy-ap-≠:v cm-j{-v So-b ]m¿´n-Iƒ ]-db - p-∂X - n¬ Im-cy-an-t√-sb-∂p A¬-∏w hn-im-el - r-Zb - t- Øm-sS B-tem-Nn-°W - w. cm-jv{So-b ]m¿-´n-bn¬ H-cmƒ tN-cp-∂X - pw {]-h¿-Øn°p-∂-Xpw sh-bn-epw a-g-bpw Im-‰pw sIm-≈p-∂Xpw \m-Sp-\∂ - m-°m-\√ - F-∂p \-ap-°d- n-bmw. Rm\pw F-s‚ ho-Spw \-∂m-hp-tºmƒ \m-Spw \∂m-hpw F-∂m-Wv F-√m cm-jv-{So-b-°-cp-sS-bpw km-º-Øn-I X-Xz-im-kv-{Xw. C-Xn-se-¥m-Wn{X sX-‰v? C-Xp- hy-‡n-bp-sS Im-cyw. C-\n ]m¿-´n-Iƒ \n-e\ - n¬-°p-∂X - v ]-eh - I - b - n¬ ]n-cn-™p-In-´p-∂ ]-Ww sIm-≠m-sW-∂p \-ap-°d - n-bmw.-Xn-cs - ™Sp-∏n-\p- ap-ºpw Xn-cs - ™-Sp-∏p- Im-eØ - pw thm-´n\p-th-≠n sN-e-gn-°m≥ ]-Ww th-Ww. C-Xn-\pth-≠n A-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ, I-≈-°-S-Øp-Im¿, ]q-gvØn-h-bv-]p-Im¿, hy-h-km-bn-Iƒ Xp-S-ßn km-aqln-I- cw-K-sØ {]-K¬-`¿ ]-ecpw D-Zm-c] - q¿-hw ]-Ww X-s∂-∂ncn-°pw. I-W° - n-√m-sX-bp-≈ A-hc - p-sS I-dp-Ø ]-Ww sh-fp-∏n-°m-\p-≈ e-fn-X-am-b hn-Zy-Iq-Snbm-Wn-Xv. A-[n-Im-cw In-´n-bm¬ \q-dp-a-S-ßm-bn Xn-cn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp-sIm-≈m-sa-∂ A-en-Jn-X \nb-aa - m-Wn-Xv. F-∂p-h® - v C-sXm-s° P-\t- Øm-Sv ]-db - m-\mhn-√. G-Xp hn-h-cm-Im-iw h-∂m-epw, C-°m-cy߃ ]p-dØ - p ]-d™ m¬ ]n-s∂, I-Y I-gn-™nt√? \-Ωƒ h¿-jß - f - m-bn ap-JØ - W - n-™p \-S°p-∂ cm-j{v- So-b k-Zm-Nm-cØ - n-s‚ ap-Jw-aq-Sn ]ns∂ h-√ A-d-_n-°-S-en¬ h-en-s®-dn-bp-I-tb \n-hr-Øn-bp-≈q. C-Xm-Wv hn-h-cmh-Im-i-sØ-∏-‰n-bp-≈ cm-jv{So-b ]m¿-´n-I-fp-sS F-Xn¿-∏n-s‚ Im-c-Ww. km£n G-Xm-bm-epw A-hc - p-sS ]-£Ø - m-Wv. hn-´psIm-Sp-°c - p-Xv. hn-hc - m-hI - m-iØ - n-s‚ t]-cpw ]-d™v \-Ωp-sS c-l-ky-߃ A-dn-bm≥ h-cp-∂-h-

s\-sbm-s° ]-´n-sb A-gn-®n-´v Hm-Sn-°-Ww.

B-fq-cn-se Km-‘n {]-Xn-a tIm¨-{K-kp-Im-tcm-fw Km-‘n-`‡ - ∑ - m¿ `q-an-a-e-bm-f-Øn-ep-≠m-hn-√. C-¥y-bn¬ X-s∂ ImWn-√. A-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv In-´m-hp-∂ ]p-dt- ºm-°nepw Hm-^o-kp-I-fn-epw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ H-cp Nn{X-sa-¶n-epw h-bv-°p-∂-Xv. Cu-bn-sS B-fq-¿ ]©m-b-Øv Hm-^o-kn-\p- ap-∂n¬ A-h¿ Km-‘nPn-bp-sS ]q¿-W-Im-b {]-Xn-a ÿm-]n-®p. Fw-]nbpw, Fw-F¬-F-bpw Xp-S-ßn-b B-cm-[y-cm-b tIm¨-{K-kv P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ ]-e-cpw ]-s¶Sp-Øp. N-Sß - n-s‚ Nn-{X-߃ ]-Xn-hp-t]m-se ]{X-tam-^o-kp-If - n¬ F-Øn-°p-Ib - pw sN-bvX - p. ]-t£, ]n-t‰-∂p ]-e ]-{X-ß-fpw Nn-{Xw {]kn-≤o-Ic - n-®n-√. Im-cW - w A-t\z-jn-®t- ∏m-gm-Wv. sR-´n-°p-∂ B hn-h-cw ]-{X-°m¿ ]-d-™-Xv. F-ß-s\ {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°pw, B Nn-{Xw? Nn-{XØn¬ t\- X m°ƒ \n- c - ∂ p \n¬-°p-∂X - p ImWmw. ]-t£, Km‘n-Pn-bp-sS H-cp Im-en- s - ‚ ap-´n-\p Xm-sg-bp-≈ `mKw am-{X-ta Im-Wm-\p-≈q. C-X-®-Sn-®p-sIm-SpØm¬ Im-ip-sIm-Sp-Øv ]-{Xw hm-ßp-∂ hm-b\-°m-c≥ A-Xp I-Øn-°pw. ]n-t‰∂p ]-{X-Øn¬ t\-Xm-°ƒ \n-∂p ]p-©n-cn-°p-∂ Nn-{Xw Im-WmXm-b-t∏mƒ, \n-cm-i-\pw \-√-h-\p-am-b Hcp tIm¨-{K-kv t\-Xm-hv Im-cy-a-dn-™p ]-d-™s{X: tIm¨-{K-kn¬ \n-∂p X-s∂ Km-‘n-Pn ]t≠ Hu-´m-bn; ]n-∂-t√, Nn-{X-Øn-se Im-cyw!

\ap°v Np‰pw km£n

B-\-bpw c-Y-hpw h-en-sbm-cp hn-hm-Zw \-ap-°v Np-‰n-epw C-t∏mƒ \-S-°p-∂-Xv hm-b-\-°m¿ tI-t´m B-thm? B\-bm-Wv I-Y-bn-se Xm-cw. D-’-h-Øn-\v B-\ th-≠-∂v H-cp-Iq-´¿; ]-I-cw, c-Yw a-Xn-sb-∂v Ah¿. F-∂m¬ B-\-bn-√m-sX D-’-h-ta ]-‰n-s√∂p F-Xn¿ hn-`m-Kw. Hm-tcm D-’h - I - m-eØ - pw B-

hn-Zym-`ym-k-cw-K-Øv am-‰-߃ A-\n-hm-cyw ]p-Xn-b

A-[y-b-\-h¿-j-Øn-te-°v ]pØ≥ {]-Xo-£-I-fp-am-bn Ip-´n-Iƒ {]-thin-®p I-gn-™p. C-\n s{]m-^j - W¬ tImgvk - p-If - n-te-°pw D-∂X - hn-Zym-`ym-k cw-Kß-fn-te-°pw A-Ua v- n-j≥ B-cw-`n-°pw. amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ-°pw a-°ƒ-°pw H-cp-t]m-se B-i-¶-Iƒ D-W-cp-∂ k-a-b-am-Wn-Xv. hy‡-am-b Zn-im-t_m-[w \¬-Im≥ B¿-°pw I-gn-bp-∂n-√ F-∂-Xm-Wv A-Sn-ÿm-\ {]iv\ - w. kv-Iqƒ, tIm-f-Pv, bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n Xe-ß-fn¬ ]Tn-®n-d-ßp-∂-h-cp-sS hn-P-b-iX-am-\-Øn-s‚ {Km-^v ap-I-fn-tem-´p Ip-Xn°p-tºm-gpw k-aq-lØ - n¬ [m¿-an-IX - b - p-sSbpw km-aq-ly A-h-t_m-[-Øn-s‚-bpw ]c-k] v- c - kvt- \-lØ - n-s‚-bpw {Km-^v Ip-Øs\ Xm-tgm-´p ]-Xn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. H-cp a-cW - kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚ a-Wn-ap-g-°w Im-Xp-Ifn¬- A-eb - S- n-°p-∂p-≠v. `m-cX - w {`m-¥m-e-

sP. sN-dn-bm-s‚ A-`n-{]m-bØ - n¬ ]-´W - w ap-kncn-kn-s‚ X-s∂ `m-Ka - m-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. ]p-cm-X\ - sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿ \-Kc - Ø - n-s‚ Po-hn-Xssi-en-If - n-te-°p sh-fn-®w ho-ip-∂ \n-ch - [ - n ]pcm-hk - vX - p-°ƒ ]-´W - Ø - n¬-\n-∂p I-s≠-Øn-bn´p-≠v. {In-kv-Xp-hn-\p ap-ºp-≈ \q-‰m-≠p-I-fn-epw {In-kv-Xp-h¿-jw B-Zy \q-‰m-≠p-I-fn-epw ap-kn-cnkn-\v A-eI - vk - m≥-{Un-b, C-‰e - n, {Ko-kv, a-[y-]uc-kX v- y-tZ-iw, ssN-\ F-∂n-hn-Sß - f - p-am-bp-≠m-bncp-∂ hn-]p-e-am-b hm-Wn-Py-_-‘-Øn-s‚ sX-fnhp-Iƒ ]-´-Ww {]-tZ-i-sØ D¬-J-\-\-Øn-eq-sS e-`n-®n-´p-≠v. tXm-am-«o-lm sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn-se-Øp-tºmƒ kmw-kI v- m-cn-Ih - pw km-ºØ - n-Ih - p-am-b Hu-∂X - yØn¬ hn-cm-Pn-®n-cp-∂ H-cp A-¥¿-tZ-io-b Xp-da - pJ-am-bn-cp-∂p sIm-Sp-ß√ - q¿. {Ko-°v,- tdm-a≥, A-d_v hw-i-P-cp-sS-bpw b-lq-Z-cp-sS-bpw hn-]p-e-am-b km-∂n-[yw sIm-Sp-ß-√q-cn-s\ A-£-cm¿-∞Øn¬ H-cp tem-I- \-Kc - a - m-°n am-‰n-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. tI-cf - Ø - n-se {In-kvX - ym-\n-Is - f kw-_‘ - n-®v k-`m-]-c-am-b ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-epw km-aq-ln-I N-cn{X ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-epw a-l-Øm-b ÿm-\-a-e-¶-cn°p-∂ sIm-Sp-ß-√q¿ ss{I-kv-X-h aq-ey-ß-fpƒs°m-≈p-∂ \-h-`m-c-X kr-jv-Sn-°v {]-tNm-Z-\-ambn-Øo-cp-sa-∂v {]-Xym-in-°mw.

b-am-bn A-[x-]X - n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ kml-N-cyw a-\-kp-I-sf h-√m-sX t\m-hn-°p∂p. D-Øa - c - m-b Kp-cp-°∑ - m-cp-sS ]-cº - c - C√m-Xm-Ip-∂ Im-gv-®-bm-Wv Np-‰n-epw. Po-hnX-am¿-Kw I-s≠-Øm≥ A-[ym-]I - h - r-Øn I-s≠-Øp-∂-h-cn¬ \n-∂p hy-Xy-kv-X-ambn ]p-Xn-b X-ea - p-db - ° -v v Zn-im-t_m-[w \¬Im-\p-≈ Cu-iz-c\ - n-tbm-KØ - n-s‚ h-‡m°-fm-bn A-[ym-]-I-k-aq-lw am-td-≠-Xp≠v. B-flm¿-Y-X-bpw £-a-bpw k-Xy-k‘-X-bpw \o-Xn t_m-[-hpw ]mT-]p-kv-XI-Øn¬ \n-∂v B-Zy-ta ]Tn-°-s´. hn-Zym¿-Yn-If - p-sS A-`n-cp-Nn-Iƒ-°\ - p-kcn-®pw tPm-en- km-[y-X-I-sf ap≥-\n-¿-Ønbpw hn-Zym-`ym-k ÿm-]-\-ß-fp-sS aq-ey\n-eh - m-cw I-W° - m-°n-bpw th-Ww am-Xm]n-Xm-°ƒ a-°s - f Xp-S¿-]T - \ - ß - ƒ-°m-bn ]-d™ b - t- °-≠X - v. km-ºØ - n-Ie - m-`w am-

{Xw t\m-°n-bpw Nn-et- ∏mƒ ]-Ww-sIm-SpØv ko-‰p-Iƒ kz-¥-am-°n-bpw A-\y-kwÿm-\ß - f - n-te-°v Ip-™p-ßs - f ]-d™ phn-´v I-Æo¿ I-bØ - n¬ ap-ßn-Øm-gp-∂ IpSpw-_ß - s - f \mw A-\p-Zn-\w I-≠p-ap-´p-∂p≠-t√m. kz-`m-h- cq-]h - X - I v- c - W - a - m-Wv hn-Zym-`ymk-Øn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\s - a-∂v a-lm-flm-Km‘n X-s‚ B-flI - Y - b - n¬ kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p≠v. B-flk - w-k° v- c - W - a - n-√m-Ø F-√m ]co-£W - ß - f - pw D-]t- bm-Ki - p-\y-am-sW-∂p am-{X-a-√ A-]-I-S-I-c-hp-am-Wv. _p-≤n hnI-kn-∏n-°¬ am-{X-a√ - hn-Zym-`ym-kØ - n-s‚ e-£yw a-dn-®v e-`n-® A-dn-hp-Iƒ-°-\p-kcn-®v Po-hn-X-sØ {I-a-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Iq-Snbm-WX - v. \-Ωp-sS Ip-™p-߃-°v _p-≤nbp-sS Ip-d-hv H-cn-°-epw C-√. a-dn-®v, hnth-IØ - n-s‚, t_m-[Ø - n-s‚, ⁄m-\Ø - ns‚ ]-cn-an-Xn-Iƒ H-cp-]m-Sp-≠v Xm-\pw.

hn-Zym-`ym-kw, hn-Zy-bp-sS "B-`m-k-'amIm-Xn-cn-°m≥ C-Xv H-cp "X-{¥'hpw "I-k¿Øp-'am-bn A-[x-]-Xn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ A[ym-]I - c - pw am-Xm-]n-Xm-°f - pw Ip-´n-If - pw ]ns∂ k¿-°m-cpw H-∂n-®v Nn-¥n-°p-I-bpw {]-h¿-Øn-°p-I-bpw sN-tø-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. "tI-c-f-k-`-'bp-sS Pq¨ -e-°w A-Xna-t\m-lc - a - m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. in¬-]n-Iƒ-°v A\p-tam-Z\ - ß - ƒ. s{]m-^.-tPm¨ tPm-k-^v, tIm-´b - w

sXm-gn¬ km-[y-X-I-fp-am-bn I-cn-b¿ tIm¿-W¿ an-I-® sXm-gn¬ I-s≠-Øm≥ G-Xv tIm-

gv-kp-Iƒ, {]-tXy-In-®v tIm-ta-gv-kv, am-t\Pvs - a‚ v hn-`m-KØ - n¬, Xn-cs - ™-Sp-°W - s - a∂v "tI-c-f-k-`-'bn-eq-sS A-dn-hp-X-∂-Xn-\v

\-If - p-sS Ip-Øpw N-hn-´p-ta-‰v a-cn-°p-∂ ]m-∏m∑m-cp-sS-bpw km-[m-c-W-°m-cp-sS-bpw F-Æw h¿-[n-®p-hc - p-∂X - n-\m-em-Wv B-\h - n-cp-≤¿ cw-KØp-h∂ - X - .v G-Xm-bm-epw {]-i\ -v Ø - n-\p ]-cn-lmc-am-bn-´n-√. {]-iv-\-]-cn-lm-cw D-≠m-Ip-∂-Xp-hsc B-\-Iƒ C-S-bp-I-bpw B-fp-I-sf B-{I-an°p-Ib - pw sN-øpw. B-\ h-cp-t∂ F-∂v B-sc¶n-epw hn-fn-®p-]-d-™m¬, Xn-cn-™p-t\m-°msX Hm-Sp-Is - b-∂X - m-Wv C-t∏m-gs - Ø km-lN - cy-Øn¬ B-tcm-Ky-Øn-\p D-Ø-aw.

\n-b-a-k-`-bn-se hm-Sm ˛ t]m-Sm \-Ωp-sS \n-b-a-k-`-bn-se N¿-®-I-fpw a-‰pw I-≠n-´p-≈-h¿-°-dn-bmw, A-sXm-s° F-{X t_m-dm-sW-∂v. tNm-tZym-Ø-c-th-f, iq-\y-thf, k-_a v- n-j≥, A-Sn-b¥ - c - {- ]-ta-bw... C-Xn-s\ms° A-Iº - S- n-bm-bn Fw-F¬-Fa - m-cp-sS D-d° - th-f. Ip-sd-t∏-cn-cp-∂v C-S° - n-sS "πo-kv...-πo-kv' F-s∂m-s° ]-d-bp-∂p. C-ß-s\-bm-Wv \-ΩpsS Sn-hn-bn¬ Im-Wp-∂ \n-b-a-k-`m- \-S-]-Sn. C-Xn-\v C-S-bv-s°m-cp am-‰w h-cp-∂-Xv Aw-K߃ F-gp-t∂-‰v ap-{Zm-hm-Iyw hn-fn-°p-I, ko‰p-I-fn-eq-sS Nm-Sp-I, A-´-l-kn-°p-I, _m-\¿ {]-Z¿-in-∏n-°p-I, hn{i-an-°p-I C-Xym-Zn I-em]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \-S° - p-tºm-gm-Wv ku-tcm¿-P ]m\¬ X-´n-∏p-N¿-® \-S-∂ Zn-h-k-ß-fn-sem-cn°¬ \n-ba k-`b - n¬ C-sXm-s° I-≠t- ∏mƒ, \-Ωƒ P-\Ø - n-\p Xr-]vX - n-bm-bn; k-t¥m-ja - mbn; D-jm-dm-bn. A-®p-k-Jm-hv B`y-¥-c-a-{¥nbpsS I-cW - Ø - S- n-°p-sa-∂ph-sc ]-d™ t- ∏mƒ, P-\m-[n-]X - y-Øn-s‚ {io-tIm-hn-em-b \n-ba - k - ` tcm-am-©a - W - n-™p-sh-∂m-Wv dn-t∏m¿-´v. G-Xm-bm-epw I¿-Wm-SI - \n-ba - k - ` - b - n¬ ]≠v _n-sP-]n Fw-F¬-F-am¿ sN-bv-X-Xp-t]mse sam-ss_¬ t^m-Wn¬ A-«o-e Nn-{X߃ \-Ωp-sS Fw-F¬-Fa - m¿ I-≠n-√t- √m. AXp-sIm-≠v \-Ωp-sS P-\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚ D-d°w I-f-bm-s\-¶n-epw C-S-°n-sS \n-b-a-k-`bn¬ C-Ø-cw hm-Sm t]m-Sm hn-fn-I-fpw Iøm-¶-fn-I-fpw \-S-°-s´-sb-∂v \-ap-°v Biwkn-°mw.

IØp-Iƒ

Sow Aw-K-߃-°v \-µn. π-kv-Sp I-gn-™v C-\n G-Xv ta-Je - I - f - n-te-°v Xn-cn-bW - s - a∂v hn-Nm-cn-®v B-Ip-e-s∏-´n-cp-∂ H-cp-]m-Sv hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ-°v kp-c-£n-X-am-b, sXmgn¬ km-[y-X Iq-Sp-X-ep-≈, ]T-\-ta-J-esb ]-‰n-bp-≈ kq-£-a-am-b hn-h-c-W߃ Xo¿-®-bm-bpw D-]-Im-c-{]-Z-am-bn-´p≠v. A-Sp-Ø e-°ß - f - n-epw hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ°v D-]I - m-c{- ]-Za - m-b C-Øc - w ]w-‡n-Iƒ "tI-c-f-k-`'-bn¬ {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p. _n-Pn tPm¿-Pv, Nm-e-°p-Sn

Kp-cp-Z¿-i-\w [m¿-an-I-Po-hn-X-Øn-eq-sS a-X-t_m-[-\ hn-Zym¿-Yn-Iƒ-°m-bn "tI-c-

f-k-`' H-cp-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂ ]p-Xn-b hn-`-hw

G-sd hn-⁄m-\{- ]-Zh - pw a-t\m-lc - h - pw BWv. Im-e-Øn-\-\p-kr-X-am-bn [m¿-Ωn-I-Xbn¬ h-fc - m≥ Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v am¿-§\ - n¿-t±-iw \¬-Ip-∂ te-J\ - h - pw h-fs - c \-√X - m-W.v Ip´n-I-fp-sS sN-dn-b c-N-\-I-fpw {]-i-kv-X-cpsS {]-tNm-Z\ - m-flI - a - m-b D-≤c - W - n-If - pw IuX-Ia - p-W¿-Øp-∂ tem-Ih - n-ti-jß - f - pw CXn¬ Dƒ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ Ip-sd Iq-sS D-]Im-c{- ]-Za - m-Ipw. Hm-tcm am-kh - pw "tI-cf - k - `'-°m-bn Im-Øn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv Ip-Spw-_mwK-߃ F-√m-hc - pw. hm-bn-°m-\pw A-dn-bm\pw Nn-¥n-°m-\pw Po-hn-°m-\pw D-X-Ip-∂ H-Øn-cn Im-cy-߃ H-cp Ip-S-°o-gn¬ e-`n°p-∂p-sh-∂ k-hn-ti-j-X-bpw "tI-c-f-k`'bv° - v D-≠v. C-cn-ßm-e° - p-S cq-]X - m-[n-Imcn-Iƒ-°v A-`n-\µ - \ - ß - ƒ. {In-tÃm tPm-k,v ]-d∏ - q-°c -


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