Page 1

Design Portfolio Christos Constantinou


CONTENTS //


01

smart skin for sustainable swelling : sustaina(bubble)

02

(re)envisioning the future of the MET : duality in medieval art

03

sense-surreal : lighthouse tower

04

intersti[city] : evolutionary computational design

05

housing complex(ity) : dormitories at SUNY Albany

06

linear assemblies : information infrastructure

07

approaching confluence estaci贸n de Mitre


This project was developed during an international parametric design workshop in Torino, Italy and it was a collaborative design effort consisting of two American and two Italian students. It engages the problems raised by our rapid pace of urbanization and the ecological impact of our built environment, using two main drivers: the evolving of digital technologies, and the growing of ecological awareness,to develop a new facade strategy, a “smart skin”. This skin explores the “envelope” as a mean to capture, transform, store and distribute various energetic flows to maintain a stable internal environment appropriate for housing in the city of Torino. This physiological skin will not only take on the bioclimatic exchange as its main design challenge, but will also consider the aesthetic vision as it is situated in the historical Italian neighborhood. This includes addressing the Renaissance and Baroque, and times of new discoveries and new aesthetics, which will also be main criteria for the successful development of the project. Through the study of countercurrent heat exchange in dolphins a physiological skin was developed for an apartment complex at Corso Regio Parco. By utilizing parallel flows of air and water, heat can be exchanged in order to mitigate the environmental extremes occurring between the exterior and interior of the building. The new façade was developed in a modulate system that initially utilized a rectangular tiling pattern. With the evolution of the module it became a hexagonal tile that can be patterned either regularly or irregularly to produce interlacing geometries. Besides the geometry the new façade creates a privacy barrier around the public side of the building which faces the street. By utilizing a bubbled form on the building the new façade creates and interstitial public space folded between the two layers. The skin also creates both solar and wind protection while providing public space and a privacy barrier.

smart skin for sustainable swelling : sustaina(bubble)

01


3m 2.75m 2.25m 1.75m 1.25m .75m .25m

0m

COMPONENT EVOLUTION The concept of the component is based on the heat regulation system of dolphins. Flippers and fins lack insulation, therefore dolphins develop a heat exchange mechanism to maintain their inner core temperature. These appendages are supplied with a series of blood vessels spatially arranged to avoid an excessive amount of heat loss. Countercurrent exchange is a natural phenomenon that occurs in animals to prevent excessive changes to the core temperature of the animal while maintaining blood flow in the extremities. This component attempts to take advantage of the countercurrent flow by pa alleling the ventilation inlets and outlets of the building so as to exchange heat from the extremes of exhaust and exterior chill.

1m

.5m


OUTSIDE

SUPER COMPONENT

Outside Air

The base module is constructed with a series of pipes with different size diameters and varying densities. Larger diameters increased air flow however smaller diameters offered faster flow speeds. In order for the component to function at it’s best, it is crucial for adjacent pipes to be touching one another. More touching indicates more surface area which translate into more heat exchange. It works as a heat barrier by transferring heat to another adjacent flow working in the opposite direction. Modules are scaled relative to the average height of person. This size allows the skin to have a high performance with an adequate number of components without losing visual permeability.

INSIDE Exhuast Air Heated Water

Surfacing Strategy

Intake Air

Glazed Tiling

Neutral Tiling

Green Tiling

Shaded Tiling


Wind Frequencies + Speed Morning

Shadows + Intensities

Summer Solstice - Solar Noon

5500 kkm m// h m

4400 kkm m// h m

3300 kkm m// h m

20 k m m// h

10 km m// h

Winter Solstice - Solar Noon Afternoon

50 k m m// h

40 kkm m// h m

30 kkm m// h m

20 k m m// h

10 km m// h

Night

Spring Equinox - Solar Noon 50 kkm m// h m

40 kkm m// h m

30 kkm m// h m

20 k m m// h

10 km m// h

SUMMER

NORTHWEST

SOUTHEAST


Summer :: June - August

Average Daily Solar Radiation

Using climatic analysis tools and weather data from the site, an energy performance analysis was conducted on the building and the site to map out critical areas on the building’s facade where components are to be tiled. From the data, we concluded that wind frequency is relatively moderate and prevailing winds move towards the northeast across the site. Shadow range changes considerably throughout the year. This has an important influence both on the front and back sides of the building. Shadow cover from adjacent buildings impacts light levels and solar radiation entering each apartment. Solar radiation has a significant effect on the southeast facade. Throughout the year, radiation levels change however, it is during the winter season when these levels are at their peak. Occupants of northwest facade rarely see the sun, while on the southeast facade the sun can be seen throughout most of the day.

Winter :: December - February

Spring :: March - May

NORTHWEST

ENERGY ANALYSIS

SOUTHEAST


Basic Component

Ventilation Allows 90% Light to Pass

Neutral Component

Non-Performative Allows 0% Light to Pass

Green Component

Ventilation + Vegetation + Shading Allows 55% Light to Pass

Shading Component

Variation 1 Ventilation + Shading Allows 35% Light to Pass

Shading Component

Variation 2 Ventilation + Shading Allows 70% Light to Pass

TILING STRATEGY Population of the facade surface was based primarily on solar and wind exposure. Areas with higher solar exposure receive green tiles. This is best for vegetation and also provides shading. Areas with lower solar exposure receive glazed tiles. These are the most permeable allowing natural light to enter. Neutral tiles are placed where no program occurs. These tiles allow no permeability, however they can still function, to provide heating and cooling, if necessary. With a combination of program and the building’s energy analysis components were parametrically mapped to the facade surface accordingly.

PERFORMANCE TILES

NEUTRAL TILES


PERFORMATIVE TILING TECHNIQUE

Maximum Wind + Sun Exposure

High Density of Green Tiles -Provides Insulation + Shading High Tube Density -Provides Maximum Energy Collection

Glazed Tile

90% Permeable 0.15 m 2 0.135 KWh

ACQUIRED ENERGY

Neutral Tile

0% Permeable 1.5 m 2 1.35 KWh

High Wind + Sun Exposure Medium Density of Green Tiles -Provides Insulation + Sunlight Permeability High Tube Density -Provides Maximum Energy Collection

Low Wind + Sun Exposure Low Density of Green Tiles -High Sunlight Permeability

No Wind + Sun Exposure Neutral Tiles

Shading Tile

35% Permeable 0.975 m 2 0.877 KWh

Winter :: Southeast Facade

Average Solar Radiation Gain 0.8 - 1.0 KWh/m 2


Green Tiles for vegetation and increased insulation Glazed Tiles for maximum visibility and sunlight

Variations of Shading Tiles reduce solar radiation intensity

Cool Interior Air

Inner Skin Warm Exterior Air

APA

RT M

ENTS BALC O NIE

Punctures for views

S Outer Skin

SOLAR RADIATION

Southeast Facade

South facade heats up and warm air enters the building through the skin

Skin cools the air entering with colder exhaust air exiting the building


FACADE STRATEGY

PUBLIC

Cross Ventilation Effect

STREET-SIDE

PRIVACY BARRIER

COMMUNITY SPACE

COURTYARD

The overall facade strategy is to create a bubbling effect with the new surface. Bubbling of the skin’s surface opens up new regions of interstitial program available to the building. This strategy creates both public space and private space. The northwest facade houses extensions for private balconies while separating the occupants from the street with a privacy barrier. The southeast facade takes advantage of shared balcony spaces where occupants from different apartments can interact with one another. The bubbling also plays an important perfromative role as well. By providing more surface area, there can be more components which can generate more capacity for the system.

PUBLIC

Northwest Facade

Exhaust air moves through the north facade where it is heated by the skin again as it exits


This focus of this project was to explore architecture’s capabilities of reorganizing cultural categories of knowledge within the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. This reorganization will experiment with the ways digital visualization in a museum setting may provide groundbreaking opportunities to expand the application and accessibility of new information systems such as smart window technology. At the scale of display architecture, the museum environment is particularly geared to evolve ways that these technologies can provide interpretative information and multi-media visualization as the viewer looks through fixed and mobile screens at artifacts, models, paintings, or period rooms. The project is an expansion of the Medieval Art section of the MET, both physically and digitally, through new information display systems. The collection at the MET encompasses the art of the Mediterranean and Europe from the fall of Rome in the fourth century to the beginning of the Renaissance in the early sixteenth century. Given that this collection spans a very long period of our history and is heavily focused on religion, the driving concept for the design of this expansion is the duality of crosscultural exchange. This duality and parallelism between cultures/religions of the Middle Ages is manifested in an expansion comprised of a series of tube like galleries which bundle, overlap and diverge from each other. These formal operations highlight points of exchange and conflict between cultural categories of knowledge. It is also at these points where digital visualization and accessibility to new information systems is manifested within the architecture. Visitors to the galleries will not only be able to appreciate great works of art from the Medieval period, but they will also have the opportunity to understand a narrative that ties these works of art to intricate histories that reveal the cultural, political and religious exchange of ideas.

(re)envisioning the future of the MET : duality in medieval art

02


Medieval Art at the MET

Galleries Byzantium (South Gallery) - 300 Late Roman and Early Byzantine Secular Objects (North Gallery) - 301 Byzantine Egypt (Crypt Gallery) - 302 Middle and Late Byzantine Objects (Apse Gallery) - 303 Eastern - Byzantine Art European Paintings

European Sculptures & Decorative Arts

Greek & Roman Art

Gift Shop Arms & Armor

5th Ave Entrance

Western - Medieval Art Egyptian Art

THE DIVIDE The Medieval Art collection at the MET encompasses the art of the Mediterranean and Europe from the fall of Rome in the fourth century to the beginning of the Renaissance in the early sixteenth century. This time period begins with work from Byzantine Art and late Roman art to the objects of late medieval courts and the ecclesiastical riches of the High Gothic period. One of the main driving forces shaping the culture of this time period is religion and the setup currently at the MET portrays a fundamental split between Eastern religious art and Western religious art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Floor 1

Galleries 304 - Medieval Europe Gallery 305 - Medieval Sculpture Hall 306 - Medieval Treasury 307 - Secular Works

BYZANTINE ART

MEDIEVAL ART

EASTERN CHRISTIANITY

WESTERN CHRISTIANITY

Existing Galleries


CONCEPT Parallel Ideas

Medieval Duality: Cross-Cultural Exchange

EXCHANGE

INFLECTION

BUNDLE

OVERLAP

BYZANTINE ART ISLAMIC ART

Religious Exchange

LATE MEDIEVAL ART CRUSADES ART

Political Exchange Parallel Ideas Commercial Culture in East-West Trade BYZANTINE v. ISLAM Social Identity in Medieval Art SECULAR v. SACRED

Types of Objects Metals, Textiles, Ceramic Vessels & Tiles, Glass Ivories, Tapestries, Vessels, Triptychs & Furnishings

DIVERGENCE


SECULAR GALLERY

6

MEDIEVAL GALLERY

5

Defragmentation of the Church State

High Gothic

Church Interior

To Expansion

4

Arms & Armor

SHARED GALLERY

GALLERY OVERLAP

To Expansion

NEW ORGANIZATIONAL LOGIC Given the current setup at the MET of the Medieval Art collection, there arises a great need to restructure the logic of the exhibits so as the eliminate this divide between the East and the West. This period of history was one of many religious struggles and conflict, yet the art on exhibit in these galleries only portrays the Christian state. With a new organizational logic of overlapping gallery tubes, not only are visitors exposed to multiple narratives within the Christian religion but also narratives of other religions and cultures which have influenced the society of that time period. Visitors to the galleries will have the opportunity to understand a narrative that ties these works of art to intricate histories that reveal the cultural, political and religious exchange of ideas.

CRUSADE GALLERY Gift Shop Crypt Interior

BYZANTINE GALLERY

MIDDLE EAST GALLERY

1

2

New Roman Empire Byzantium

Muslim Conquests

3

The Crusades


Gallery 304 Medieval High Gothic Period Religious Objects

Gallery 305 Early Western Europe & Byzantine Daily Life Secular Objects Religious Connection

Gallery 302 Western & Eastern Europe - Prior Schism Religious Objects

Gallery 306 Late Western Europe & Byzantine Daily Life Secular Objects Break from Religion

TO GALLERY EXTENSION

Gallery 300 New Roman Empire - Byzantine Religious Objects

Entrance

Gift Shop Arms & Armor

Gallery 301

Gallery 303

Middle East Byzantine - East-West Conflicts Religious Objects

Crusade Hall - Medieval Fashion Religious + Secular Objects


Church Interior

TO EXPANSION Existing Galleries


GALLERY EXPANSION

Ceiling Skylights Transform at Edges to Become Cladding PARALLEL GALLERIES

DETAILED SECTION

Interior Tracery Interior Cladding Pattern Transforms to Tracery

This expansion is formally comprised of a series of tube like galleries which bundle, overlap and diverge from each other which highlight points of exchange and conflict between cultural categories of knowledge.


N

KEY PLAN

Comparative Galleries High Interaction

Comparative Galleries Low Interaction Comparative Galleries Low Interaction


GALLERY EXPANSION TRANSVERSE SECTION

Public Cloister

Private Cloister

Shared Gallery


Comparative Galleries

Comparative Galleries


Shared Gallery

Private Cloister

Scholar/Research OfďŹ ces


This project was developed during a design/development studio class where students in groups of two were asked to select a current project still in an a schematic phase and bring the project to near construction phase. The goal is to bring that project into the development/built phase by addressing a series of challenges such as materiality, structure, accessibility, environmental and safety concerns through construction drawings and design details. This project will explore the professional obligations and architects’ roles in project delivery. As such, the integration of building code requirements for fire protection, life safety, accessibility, building environmental systems, structure, construction, and materiality is central to effectively achieving design intent. Learning to integrate technology and systems, it is hoped that designers become aware of interdisciplinary across many fields affect and inform design decisions. This studio works directly in conjunction with civil engineering students in order to teach students the pragmatic benefits of cross-platform collaboration. The Lighthouse-Tower articulates light and atmosphere through the materialization of sensorial experiences into spatial form. The tower frames the Brazilian mainland beyond, encompassing the sights and sounds of the culture through the sculpting of void. It acts as a beacon, symbolizing the significance of the City of Rio. The site is located just off the mainland of Brazil on Cotunduba Island; it is accessed through a jetty via boat. It is an ideal location because it is at the approach of the city’s major airports, allowing for optimal views not only from sea and land, but air as well. It is intended for this project to define Rio with an iconic image, welcoming all those who visit Rio de Janeiro. Within its emblematic nature, the Lighthouse-Tower is a destination point for recreational activities. It houses observation points, skywalks, an auditorium, a cafeteria and souvenir shop. The more stimulating features of the building include the climbing tower and the linear induction motor (LIM) launcher. The tower stands alone, a visible icon from air, land, and sea, a monument to define the city.

sense-surreal : lighthouse tower

03


tower

normative tower

void

framed enclosure

horizontal

vertical stratificatio

FORM EVOLUTION The form for the Lighthouse Tower is derived from its initial programmatic agenda, which is to create a tower that houses both functional and recreational purposes. We begin with three separate components, a normative tower, a framed enclosure and a void. The goal is to fuse these three components into one symbolic form. By twisting the program with the framed enclosure, we can create a sleek void which can be viewed from multiple perspectives. This organic poise frames the Brazilian landscape and the city through the sculpting of void. The alluring silhouette imposes its presence and enigmatic beauty upon the context of its unique surroundings.

transition

program

spectacle

intersection

fusion


ARTICULATING THE VOID

+

fuse

void

=

frame

holistic composition

FORM & PROGRAM STRATEGY program

vertical

horizontal distribution of components

vertical

program

horizontal access to program


SITE ANALYSIS RIO DE JANEIRO Built-Up Green Parks

N

NORTH

WEST

CENTER

Cotunduba Island SOUTH BARRA

CAPTURING THE SENSES OF THE CITY city center sight sound touch smell taste

points of interest

sensorial experiences

materialization


SOLID vs. VOID

solid

occupiable

mullions

aluminum rain screen

glazing

inhabitable

structure

core structure

floors

aluminum rain screen mullions glazing structure

lighting component

lighting component

structural skin

BUILDING COMPONENTS

vertical circulation

vertical circulation

floors


SITE PLAN


Key Plan

aluminum

N

glazing insulation

HSS14x14x1/2 cross bracing

12x24 polished floor til concrete slab

W16x50 floor jois interior finis

aluminum

2x2 steel bracket

insulation sheathing

Detailed Wall Section


LEVEL -1 PLAN


LEVEL 0 PLAN


LEVEL 9 PLAN


aluminum panel

rigid insulation

aluminum panel

connection bracket

structural steel

connection bracket

glass

structural steel

aluminum mullion

steel connector floor pack

flashing

floor pack steel connector

interior finish

SOUTH FACADE ANALYSIS

Wall Section Through Cladding

Wall Section Through Curtain Wall

COST ESTIMATION The ultimate goal of this project was to explore its design capabilities into and beyond the design development phase. As such, a precise cost analysis was done on a portion of the building to ground the project into a more pragmatic scope. From detailed wall sections, materials and quantities were broken done and using RSMeans cost estimating tools we were able to calculate the approximate cost of a single facade of the tower. The cost estimate also takes into account real-world contingencies such general conditions, overhead and profit and escalation. The goal was to get an overview of the project delivery process and to understand the economics of building systems and assemblies.

Building Component - East Elevation Metal Aluminum Panel Cladding

Quantity

Unit of Measure

32,291

SF

$

5.92 $

191,162.72

30,677

SF

$

30.75 $

943,317.75

1,679

SF

$

4.48 $

105,306.88

13,185

SF

$

2.84 $

37,445.40

$

1,086,070.03

$ $ $ $

217,214.01 108,607.00 271,517.51 21,721.40

Unit Price

Extended Cost

Ribbed 4" pitc, .032" thick, natural, painted Flashing alum mill finish .032 thick Curtain Wall System

Alum Flush Tube Frame, for thermal break frame 2-1/4" x 4-1/2" Glass, 5' x 6' openings, one intermediate horizontals Joints for tube frame, 90â—Ś clip type, caulking/sealants Structure, Curtain Wall Support System Rotated at a 45â—Ś angle, diamond shape

Building Height 420' (Unit Price per 30', total = x14) 30 P.S.F. Wind Load, 25' spacing Lightgauge framing angles less that 4" Interior Finishes

5/8" WR Drywall, base layer 5/8" FR drywall Framing 3-5/8" @ 24"o.c., opposite face nothing Nails/Screw, tapingand finishing joints Sub-Total General Conditions (20 %) Overhead & Profit (10 %) Design Contingency (25%) Escalation (2 %)

GRAND TOTAL

$

1,705,129.95


PROGRAM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Scope of Project The Lighthouse-Tower articulates light and atmosphere through the materialization of sensorial experiences into spatial form. The tower frames the Brazilian mainland beyond, encompassing the sights and sounds of the culture through the sculpting of void, acting as a beacon, symbolizing the significance of the City of Ri .

PROGRAM SUMMARY

DISTRIBUTION

vertical components

Components | Characteristics + Criteria

horizontal components

bungee jump platform rock climbing tower roller coaster skywalks urban balconies

multi-purpose skyscraper observation decks auditorium skywalks restaurant

observation decks auditorium cafeteria souvenir store restaurant offices

roller coaster cafeteria souvenir store office

office observation deck observation decks restaurant a platform or open area on top of a tall building or natural feature from which the public may view the surrounding panorama souvenir stores auditorium Location Highest Occupiable Level Specification Form: Large flat open surface with minimal obstruction cafeteria void Occupiable Area: 2,500 SQ FT (230m2)

ADJACENCIES

Max Occupant Load: 500

sport (active)

spectacle (sedentary)

bungee jump platform rock climbing tower roller coaster

observation decks auditorium skywalks urban balconies

Small Assembly Hall

200 SQ FT (18m2)

skywalks an elevated walkway connecting two parts of a building that may or may not be enclosed; it can also function as a viewing platform Location Various Levels Specification Form: Narrow bridges varying in width with appropiate guards + handrails Total Area: 2,000 SQ FT (185m2) skywalks 2,000 SQ FT (185m2)

Components | Characteristics + Criteria

impulse roller coaster is an inverted shuttle coaster that uses LIMs to launch a train out of the station and up a vertical tower

multi-purpose skyscraper bungee jump platform rock climbing tower urban balconies

Location Station on Lowest Level with track occupying one veritcal tower Specification Form: One Station with appropriate queue lines & one vertical track tower

observation decks a platform or open area on top of a tall building or natural feature from which the public may view the surrounding panorama Location Highest Occupiable Level Specification Form: Large flat open surface with minimal obstruction Occupiable Area: 2,500 SQ FT (230m2) Max Occupant Load: 500 observation deck 2,500 SQ FT (230m2)

Small Assembly Hall

roller coaster skywalks + balconies wall

None 2 375 SQ FT (32mclimbing ) rock 1 Projector Screen

Note: max 24 seats per row with 12” clear space between seats

The Lighthouse-Tower articulates light and atmosphere through the materialization of sensorial experiences into spatial form. The tower frames the Brazilian mainland beyond, encompassing the sights and sounds of the culture through the sculpting of void, acting as a beacon, symbolizing the significance of the City of Ri .

auditorium the area of a concert hall or theatre, in which the audience sits

auditorium 2,075 SQ FT (190m2) lobbies 500 SQ FT (46m2) Vertical restrooms 1,000 SQ FT (92m2)

Purpose Lectures, Presentations, Small General Assemblies Specification Form: Multi-Aisles Arrangement with End Stage Stage Elevation: Seats: 150 Space per Seat: 10 SQ FT Stage Area: 2 Seating Area: 1,500 SQ FT (140m ) Equipment: Row Spacing: 36” Audio + Projection Room Area: Floor Design: Risers @ 8” Max Ceiling Height: 15 FT

program

PROGRAM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

roller coaster cafeteria souvenir store office

observation deck 2,500 SQ FT (230m2)

auditorium the area of a concert hall or theatre, in which the audience sits

Scope of Project

observation decks auditorium skywalks restaurant

Horizontal

bungee jump platform rock climbing tower urban balconies

auditorium 2,075 SQ FT (190m2) lobbies 500 SQ FT (46m2) restrooms 1,000 SQ FT (92m2)

Purpose Lectures, Presentations, Small General Assemblies Specification Form: Multi-Aisles Arrangement with End Stage Stage Elevation: Seats: 150 Space per Seat: 10 SQ FT Stage Area: 2 Seating Area: 1,500 SQ FT (140m ) Equipment: Row Spacing: 36” Audio + Projection Room Area: Floor Design: Risers @ 8” Max Ceiling Height: 15 FT

None 375 SQ FT (32m2) 1 Projector Screen 200 SQ FT (18m2)

Note: max 24 seats per row with 12” clear space between seats skywalks an elevated walkway connecting two parts of a building that may or may not be enclosed; it can also function as a viewing platform

Use: Station Surface Area: Criteria: Occupancy:

An amusement ride for the enteritaining of guests 6,500 SQ FT (605m2) (includes queue lines & mechanical) Structural support of vertical track tower & proper safety equipment One train car with 20 seats A queue line of 100 people roller coaster 6,500 SQ FT (605m2) Sub-Program: Large Mechanical Room

office administrative rooms for the purpose of conducting business Location Various Levels Specification Form: Ticketing Booths + Staff Rooms Use: Managerial, Maintenance, Clerical + Ticketing Staff Occupant Load: 20 Floor Surface Area: 2,000 SQ FT (185m2)

offices 2,000 SQ FT (185 2)

cafeteria a self-service eating establishment

cafeteria 700 SQ FT (65m2)

Location Lower Level Specification Form: Buffet Arrangement with Movable Seats/Tables Sub-Program: Kitchen Seating: 80 Kitchen Area: 140 SQ FT (13m2) Space per Seat: 7 SQ FT Occupant Load: 100 Floor Surface Area: 700 SQ FT (65m2) Seating Area: 560 SQ FT (52m2) restaurant

2


EAST ELEVATION

Key Plan N


SOUTH ELEVATION

Key Plan N


This design investigation seeks to explore experimental design at the intersection of computation, collaboration, culture, and construction. In recent years, the rising power of evolutionary design integrated within architecture is bringing the profession into the realm of computer science, where now algorithms come in the form of scripts for generating geometry, applications for simulating performance and frameworks for building information modeling (BIM). The aim of this project is to address the current practices in the building industry and to generate hypotheses about new models of more intelligent building operations, through evolutionary computation and the collective intelligence of teamwork. With new models of more intelligent building design operations emerging, there arises a need to negotiate between the brutal efficiency of computational optimization on one hand and on the other non-quantitative architectural values. This project seeks to explore and define that boundary in an especially cultural complex context such as Basra, Iraq. Given the task of designing a tower in a city such as Basra, our team developed a position based on the idea of interstitiality, both spatially and conceptually. This new tower will establish a framework that mediates the intersection of the culturally diverse urban fabric of the local city and the new modern development of the Basra Sport complex. It is imperative that we achieve multiple goals at once: maintain the identity of the city, satisfy quantitative issues such as wind flow and program, and address qualitative issues such as privacy and aesthetics. Through our methodology that combines collaboration, computation, and intuition, we are able to produce a design that strikes a balance between the city and the new development, between culture and sustainability, and between a more traditional approach to design and one with more explorative possibilities.

intersti[city] : evolutionary computational design

04


CONCEPT

CITY

TOWER

DESIGN MAP | WORKFLOW STRATEGY INTERSTITIALITY The concept of interstitiality is negotiated through the connection between the tower and the city. The new tower exists at the intersection and overlap of the culturally diverse context of the local city and the new modern development of the Basra Sport Complex. A workflow strategy was conceived which a methodology that combines collaboration, computation, and intuition, to produce a design that strikes a balance between culture and sustainability, and between a more traditional approach to design and one with more explorative possibilities.

PHASE 1: CONCEPTION

PHASE 2: OPTIMIZATION

PHASE 3: EXTRAPOLATION

Performative Tower Concept + Objectives 324 3415

Optimize Objectives

101 3415

Evaluate Designs

Form Generation

Building Segment Test

Cultural Tower


FORM GENERATION B

B

B

B

30

29

60

A

35

A C

RIGID STRUCTURE

ACCELERATING WIND

MODULAR CONSTRUCTION A modular trifurcated tower design was selected as the ideal form generation strategy because of its spatial and performative benefits. The tower is constructed in a modular fashion out of polyhedral chunks. There are 3 polyhedron pairs per plan and each polyhedron can accommodate 2 floors. Variation in trifucation comes about from whether or not the polyhedron pairs are connected or separated.

A C

A C

C


TYPICAL FLOOR PLATE

11

°

70

50°

12

11

10

10


TOWER SEGMENT

FLOOR PLATES

The tower will be made up of three segments. One segment consists of 8 floors, totaling to 24 floors for the whole tower. It is this segment that will be analyzed for optimization. Sketch renderings of single polyhedron space being inhabited. One polyhedron consists of 2 floors.

AXONOMETRIC 8 Floors


OPTIMIZED DESIGN WORKFLOW Develop Objectives

Predictions

Generate Designs

Evaluate Designs

Selected Design

DESIGN CALIBRATION x1,000 FILTER

Design 234

Design 846

Design 78 324

Design 1478

3415

Design 1478

101 3415

TRADITIONAL DESIGN WORKFLOW

After developing test objectives, we make educated predictions before running the optimization tests. Designs are generated and the results are filtered in order to find trends and high performing designs. This optimized workflow provides the benefits of both a combination of computer and human intelligence. It allows for a greater number of designs generated and evaluated and consultation/feedback occurs earlier in the design process. Unlike the traditional workflow model, which only allows for a limited number of design revisions, we are able to generate and test thousands of design options quickly and accurately.

SCHEMATIC DESIGN

DESIGN BRIEF

Develop Objectives

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

Selected Design

Generate Designs

EXPERT CONSULTATION

MISSING

MISSING

Evaluate Designs

FEEDBACK + MINOR REVISION x100

OPTIMIZATION


TEST SETUP Program Score Calculation

OBJECTIVE #1 | MAXIMIZE WIND SPEED

Program Score Calculation

Program Score Calculation

OBJECTIVE #2 | MINIMIZE STRUCTURAL FAILURE Program Distrubution Rule:

Public Program Distrubution Rule:

OBJECTIVE #3 | MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY

Program Distrubution Rule: Public

Horizontal Continuity

Horizontal Continuity

Public Inbetween

Inbetween

Private Inbetween

Private

Horizontal Neighbourhood Continuity Variability

Neighbourhood Variability

Vertical Neighbourhood Continuity Variability

Vertical Continuity

Diagram Title (Title Case)

diagram annotation text (lower case) Program Score:

Program Score:

PublicScore = 9

PublicScore = 9 Program Score: +3

VARIABLES

GOOD

GOOD

+3

GOOD

+3

GLOBAL INPUT VARIABLES

RANGES

Rotation

+2

+3

+2

+3

+1+3

+1

+3

+1

+3

+1+3

+1

+3

+1

PublicScore =0 Trifurcated

0 DEG - 360 DEG

+0

BAD

BAD

+0

BAD

Bifurcated

+0

PrivateScore =

PrivateScore =9 InbetweenScore =4

+2+3

CONNECTION TYPE PublicScore = 0

InbetweenScore = 4

InbetweenScore PublicScore==4 9 +3

PER 2 FLOORS InbetweenScore = 0

InbetweenScore PublicScore==0 0

PrivateScore =

PrivateScore =0 =0 InbetweenScore +0

+0

+0+0

+0

+0

+0+0

+0

+0

+0

+0

+0+0

+0

+0

+0

+0

Semi-Closed

Outer Radius

10 M - 30 M Closed

PHASE PHASE 2: OPTIMIZATION | OBJECTIVES MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY OBJECTIVES | OBJECTIVES MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY | MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY

LOCAL INPUT VARIABLES Inner Radius

3 M - 12 M PROGRAM ASSIGNMENT

Polyhedron Sharpness

Global Angle

PER 1 FLOOR

Private 1

Input= 0

In-between

Input= 1

Public

Input= 2

0.1 - 0.85

15 Deg- 35 Deg

2:


NO. 1145

NO. 1343

19

16 MAX WIND VELOCITY (m/s)

MAX PROGRAM SCORE 80 72 64 56 48 40 32 24 16 8 0

NO. 1756

NO. 1410

13

10

100

200

300

400

500

MIN STRUCTURE SCORE

TEST EVALUATION

ALL DESIGN POSSIBILITIES

SELECTED DESIGNS 19

19

16

16

MAX PROGRAM SCORE 80 72 64 56 48 40 32 24 16 8 0

13

10

MAX PROGRAM SCORE MAX WIND VELOCITY (m/s)

MAX WIND VELOCITY (m/s)

After we surpassed 2,000 design iterations we began an analysis of the design results to search for trends and find the Pareto frontier. The closer the dots are to the left portion of this graph the better because we want to minimize on the X-axis and maximize on the Y-axis. The more red dots are preferred because they have a higher program score. We are searching for designs that maximize wind velocity and minimize structural failure.

80 72 64 56 48 40 32 24 16 8 0

13

100

200

300 MIN STRUCTURE SCORE

400

500

10

100

200

300 MIN STRUCTURE SCORE

400

500


HIGH PREFORMING DESIGN

SCORES

PREDICTIONS

NO. 1145

MAXIMIZE WIND VELOCITY PROGRAM _PUBLIC

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

STRUCTRUE

VELOCITY

High performing designs for maximizing wind velocity tended to prefer wider segments with a greater inner radius, allowing for a larger opening in the middle. It also tended for more bifurcation than trifurcation, but it some cases bifurcation was better. NO. 1343

MINIMIZE STRUCTURAL FAILURE PROGRAM _PUBLIC

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

STRUCTRUE

VELOCITY

High performing designs for minimizing structural failure tended to prefer wider segments with tapering, but completely connected geometry at the top and bottom of the segment. If there was any bifurcation or trifurcation it occurred in the middle.

MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY

NO. 1756 PROGRAM _PUBLIC

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

STRUCTRUE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

VELOCITY

Since the program score was based on a combination 3 separate scores, which competed directly with each other, there were a wide variety of configurations possible. None ever defaulted to our prediction because of the other objects, but it is possible.


TOWER EXTRAPOLATION OBJECTIVES

MAXIMIZE WIND VELOCITY

MINIMIZE STRUCTURAL FAILURE

MAXIMIZE PROGRAM EFFICIENCY 10

PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT

POST-TEST ANALYSIS Given the inherent complexity of our objectives, it is difficult to select comprehensive high preforming design segments that will match all of our objectives perfectly. Thus, it is imperative that we use a strategy that explicitly considers multiple criteria in decision-making to select the best designs for each segment of our towers. Each of the objectives were weighted based on a segment’s placement within the tower, either bottom, top or middle, according to our collective intuition. This weighting filters out the high preforming designs to only a select few segments and then as a group we matched those select few segments to create the final tower design; a holistic composition. Then the team divided into two separate groups. One would develop a tower focused on sustainability, while the other would focus on cultural aspects.

0

0

MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION FILTERFILTER

RANGES RANGES

Max Privacy

8-10

Max Public

1-6

Max Program

10

EXPLORATION OF UNIQUE DESIGNS

HIGHEST PERFORMING DESIGNS HIGHEST PERFORMING DESIGNS

1125

654

1-7

Min Structure

23-86

Max velocity

11-30

1456

45

432

1234


1

1

2

2

3

3

TOWER 1

TOWER 2

Sustainablity Tower Filtered Designs

Cultural Tower Filtered Designs

Selected Designs Sustainablity Tower

Cultural Tower

Element Selection

Element Selection

Overall Massing

Overall Massing

Design Development


SUSTAINABLE TOWER After a group of building segments were selected, tower designs were generated manually for visual and aesthetic cohesion and consistency. Three segments were then selected to create a sustainable focused tower. The criteria evaluated for the sustainable focused tower are maximum wind velocity for power generation and minimizing structural failure. The tower is situated on the site, taking into account sustainability concerns. It is positioned in such a way that the bifurcation of the tower is in alignment with the primary winds of Basra. By aligning with the winds, the tower has the best opportunities to harness its power for energy.

FACADE DETAIL


CULTURE TOWER After a group of building segments were selected, tower designs were generated manually for visual and aesthetic cohesion and consistency. Three segments were then selected to create a culture focused tower. The criteria evaluated for the culture focused tower are maximum program score and program variability and minimum wind velocity. The tower is situated on the site, taking into account the concept of interstitiality. It is positioned in such a way that it offers views towards both the city for cultural concerns and towards the river for privacy concerns. The tower is located within the Basra Sport complex, at the edge between the new development and the historic city.

FACADE DETAIL


SUSTAINABLE TOWER LOCATION

SEGMENT ID

OBJECTIVE WEIGHT

OBJECTIVE SCORE

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

8-10

1-6

1-7

23-26

18-20

18 15

TOP

TEST 02 ID 00051

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

66 3 2

STRUCTRUE

VELOCITY

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

MIDDLE

TEST 02 ID 00229

28

PrivateScore

PublicScore

InbetweenScore

8-10

1-6

1-7

23-26

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

11

24 26 26

VELOCITY

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

STRUCTRUE

PrivateScore

PublicScore

InbetweenScore

Min Structure

1-10

3-6

2-7

23-27

77 3.5 3.5

25 22 23

PublicScore

Max Velocity

11-12

44

VELOCITY PrivateScore

Each of the objectives were weighted based on a segment’s placement within the tower, either bottom, top or middle, according to our collective intuition. This weighting filters out the high preforming designs to only a select few segments and then as a group we matched those select few segments to create the final tower design.

18-20

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

STRUCTRUE

TEST 01 ID 00105

Max Velocity

12

90 90

2

BOTTOM

Min Structure

InbetweenScore

Min Structure

TOP

MIDDLE

BOTTOM

0051

0229

0105

12 11.5 Max Velocity


CULTURE TOWER LOCATION

SEGMENT ID

OBJECTIVE WEIGHT

OBJECTIVE SCORE

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

TOP

TEST 02 ID 00051

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

8-10

1-6

1-7

11-30

9 PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

5 2

STRUCTRUE

23-86

VELOCITY

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

PrivateScore

PublicScore

InbetweenScore

8-10

1-6

1-7

38 Min Structure

23-86

10 Max Velocity

11-30

8 MIDDLE

TEST 02 ID 00229

PROGRAM _PRIVATE

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

STRUCTRUE

TEST 01 ID 00105

PublicScore

InbetweenScore

Min Structure

1-10

4-6

1-7

23-154

1354

11-30

PROGRAM _INBETWEEN

2

BOTTOM

0456

15 30

VELOCITY PrivateScore

0058

Max Velocity

5 PROGRAM _PRIVATE

STRUCTRUE

MIDDLE

38

PrivateScore

3

TOP

15 1

VELOCITY

PROGRAM _PUBLIC

BOTTOM

5

PublicScore

InbetweenScore

Min Structure

Max Velocity


SUSTAINABLE TOWER SHAMAL WINDS

N 345°

R

RIVE

50 km m/ h m/

15°

Wind Frequency

330°

30°

297+

ITY RT C

R ENTE

40 km/ m/ mh

C

267

SPO

237

45°

207 30 km/ m/ mh

178 148

60°

118 20 km/ m/ mh

89 59 <29

75°

10 km/ m/ mh

W EST

EAST

255°

105°

240°

120°

CITY 225°

135°

210°

150°

SHAMAL WINDS 195°

165° SOU T H


CULTURE TOWER

N R

RIVE

ITY RT C

TER

CEN

SPO

LES SP MO RIVAT E RE P RIVA TE

CITY

CITY VIEW RIVER VIEW


SUSTAINABLE TOWER

Diagram Title (Title Case) diagram annotation text (lower case)

Diagram Title (Title Case) diagram annotation text (lower case)

TITLE OF SLIDE

PHASE 1: CONCEPTION

TITLE OF SLIDE

CIRCULATION

OVERALL SECTION

INTERIOR PLANS


CULTURE TOWER Sightseeing

Restaurant

Green Open Space

Hotel Residence

Offic

Restaurant Open Space Green Shopping

CIRCULATION

OVERALL SECTION

PROGRAM


The aim of this project was to generate a proposal for a new dormitory complex at SUNY Albany derived from tactical patterns and open-system logics. The tactical pattern that led the organization of this design was the visual movement of windswept sand; a general linearity with many connections, both void and elemental within the banding. However, the design did not depend on the visual cues presented by the pattern but rather, the actual conceptualization of the logic embedded in the pattern through the elemental banding. The key feature of this design is that it demonstrates the logic of circulation through both voids and masses. The key entry point is allocated with several conduits of transport however, a focal cantilever and subsequent sheltering roof evokes a hierarchy of movement. A series of voids and solids indicate movements under bridging, into and through buildings, and aloft to the towers. The emphasis is placed on the connections and intersections of these voids and masses. It is conceivable then that the path becomes the destination and the destination becomes the path. That the paths are as important as the destinations and further; can and perhaps should form the destinations. The masses of towers and chains create spaces, both rigid and elusive that serve as parallel and intersecting experiences; converging people with similar or dissimilar intents and destinations indiscriminately. This comes from the nature of the structure. The deformation of the basic component, driven primarily by composition generates intersections of both the massing and the voids. Further, the subsequent layering of webs or perhaps strands of a single web create a network that not only allows for movement into and through the site, but between points within as well.

housing complex(ity) : dormitories at SUNY Albany

05


Massing Concept

Circulation Concept

Primary Circulation

SOLIDS

VOIDS

Primary Circulation

Secondary Circulation

Secondary Circulation

Tertiary Circulation

Tertiary Circulation

FORM EVOLUTION The logic for the form is derived a tactical pattern found in nature; windswept sand. The design demonstrates logic of circulation through both void and masses, that is found in the inherent nature of the pattern itself. It is from this singular linearity that divergent paths are created. A series of voids and masses indicate movements under bridging, into and through buildings, and aloft to the towers. Therefore there is no set understanding or preconception of voids and masses. The mass may not be the destination to which we reach through the void and vice versa. The emphasis is placed on connections and interceptions of these voids and masses.

Tactical Pattern Transformation


Perforated Cladding

Structure

Floor Slabs

Wireframe Structure Circulation

Glazing

Unit Type

Massing

Program

Site

Open System

Form + Cladding

Dorms Lounges Cafeteria Lobby Laundry


TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN


TYPICAL UNIT PLANS Unit 1 Shared Bath

Unit 2 2-Bedroom Suite

Unit 3 Double


LONGITUDINAL SECTION


SITE PLAN

N


The overall concept of this project is to merge technology and social information and to use those as determinants of architectural form. Inspired by the recent uprisings in the Arab world and the power of social media to change society, this proposal aims to analyze the forces that influence human interaction with aggregated social knowledge. Taking the notion of the network to its most fundamental form, it is a collection relationships between distinct points. The most abstract representation of this is through the line. Using the most basic spatial element, we can transition between information space and physical space through repetition and difference variation of that element. Thus giving information meaning by informing and deforming its context. This proposal is realized through the intersection of “lines of information” that weave together to create a constantly shifting and interactive whole. A bus stop is more than just a place to wait for a bus, it’s a gathering space, it is a social space. There are two ways we receive and interpret social information, that is digitally & physically. It is thought that the shifts between the digital and physical realms of information are rendered through the layering of lines and the dimensional transitions of the line. Through a user-generated information system, commuters along individual routes can establish an identity/brand for their line. Using the free flow of information, over time a self-organizing framework of aggregated social networks is born, providing a catalyst for cultural and social freedom. With this bottom up approach, this proposal will monitor user experience, track desires and usage patterns in order to establish a digital communal dialogue amongst commuters of the same line. It is hoped that a new notion of social expression is offered, one that explores the capability of “information architecture” to shape our society and the potential for architecture to transform it in real time.

linear assemblies : information infrastructure

06


DIMENSIONAL TRANSITIONS

0100110100110010010 0100100100110010010 0100110100110010010 0100100100110010010

INFORMATION ENCODED MATTER

TECHNOLOGY

ARCHITECTURE INFORMATION

1-DIMENSIONAL VECTOR - LINE

2-DIMENSIONAL

SOCIAL INFORMATION

FLAT SURFACE

PHYSICAL STRATEGY Taking the notion of the network to its most fundamental form, it is a collection relationships/ links between distinct points. The most abstract representation of this relationship is through the line. Using the most basic spatial element, we can transition between information space and physical space through repetition and difference variation of that element. Information without context is meaningless and with the line we can inform and deform information to give it significance. Each knowledge station is composed of a series of lines which transform spatially to create spaces for information display and enclosure.

3-DIMENSIONAL ENCLOSURE

TWISTED SURFACE

VECTOR - LINE

FLAT SURFACE HORIZONTAL

1D

2D


SWEILEH

AMMAN PROPOSED BRT ROUTES UNIVERSITY

NORTH TERMINAL LINE 1

SPORTS CITY

LINE 2 ABDALI

MAHATTA

DOWNTOWN AMMAN LINE 3

WEHDAT 4D - DIGITAL SOCIAL NETWORK

PHYSICAL TRANSIT NETWORK

TRANSFORMATION OF THE LINE

MATERIALIZATION OF INFORMATION By using a multiplicity of lines, a combination of “linear identities” is established to unify and merge the realms of digital and physical information. The linear identity of LINE 1 is represented through the transitions of dimensional information of a layering of lines. This combination allows for a high degree of flexibility within a single coherent logic. The strategy is to reciprocate between the digital and the physical and that is each site, both bodily movement and visual movement. Physical information is the physical space created when the lines merge to create surfaces, walls and program and provides bodily movement. Digital information is the flat projections of the 3-demensional space and provides visual movement.

CANOPY

FLAT SURFACE VERTICAL

ENCLOSURE

3D


STATION ORGANIZATION LOGIC

1: INTERACTIVE PROJECTION WALL digital information space

01

02

02

2: PAINTED SURFACE

Different spatial and dimensional representations of the same line

physical information space


Each station is composed of the same four basic elements; a interactive information wall, a series of painted surfaces, a sheltered enclosure and seating. All of these elements are derived from the same linear component and are differentiated through the spatial transition of this component.

3: SEATING/GATHERING SPACE mixed information space

03

04

THE LINE = INSTANCE OF INFORMATION

4: SHADING/CANOPY physical information space


LOCAL ENVIRONMENT

SOCIAL collects social data

1: TWISTED SURFACE

TRANSPORTATION collects local transit data

LINE 1 Sweileh - Mahatta

2: FLAT VERTICAL SURFACE

KNOWLEDGE STATION

DIGITAL STRATEGY high visibility

low visibility

information relevance

elevation - sight lines

Through a user-generated information system, commuters along individual lines of the proposed BRT routes can establish an identity/brand for their line. Users discover, share and recommend web content. Members of the community can submit a content for general consideration. Other members can vote that content up or down. The end product is a series of wide-ranging, constantly updated lists of popular and trending content from around the Internet, aggregated by a social network. With this bottom up approach, this proposal will establish a digital communal dialogue amongst commuters of the same line.

high

low

local info larger text/font

city info smaller text/font


3: TWISTED SURFACE

INFORMATION STRIPS

4: CANOPY - HORIZONTAL UNDERSIDE

5: SEATING - HORIZONTAL SURFACE

fair visibility

fair visibility

low visibility


SWEILEH

UNIVERSITY

SPORTS CITY

Sweileh

AMMAN TRANSIT

L4 University

N

LINE 1 North Terminal

L6 L5

Sports City L2

low

high income level

Mahatta

L3


SITE ANALYSIS The proposed route for LINE 1 of the BRT cuts through wide cross section of neighborhoods with varying socio-economic conditions. It ranges from high class residential suburbs in the west to more urbanized lower income immigrant communities in the east.

NORTH TERMINAL

The goal of this project is to establish an identity or a dialogue between this disparate neighborhoods using both physical and digital information. A bus stop is more than just a place to wait for a bus, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a social space. The intent driving this proposal is grounded in ideology of linking, physically and digitally, architecture and society in such a way as to foster a new type of interactive social experience. It is thought that the shifts between the digital and physical realms of information are rendered through the layering of lines and the dimensional transitions of the line.

MAHATTA

RESIDENTIAL - SUBURBAN MIXED SOCIAL CLASS

SUBURBAN - PUBLIC SERVICES MIXED SOCIAL CLASS

URBAN - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION HIGH SOCIAL CLASS

SUBURBAN - RESIDENTIAL MIXED SOCIAL CLASS

URBAN - MIXED USE LOWER SOCIAL CLASS - IMMIGRANT

Sweileh

Jubaiha

Abdali

Tariq

Al Naser


PROGRAM AREAS

3: SEATING/GATHERING SPACE mixed information space

NORTH TERMINAL As a prototype of the system, the North Terminal site was developed to full detail according to the established logic. This station is the newest bus station in Amman and will be the primary hub of the city. The knowledge station is composed of a series of linear bands to follow the physical identity of LINE 1. At this site, certain vantage points provide different views and readings of the project. Viewed in plan, all the lines/bands coalesce to create a legible whole, however from an eye-level, the shifts between the horizontal and the vertical become more unclear and begin to merge visually yet be separated physically.

4: SHADING/CANOPY physical information space

1: INTERACTIVE PROJECTION WALL digital information space

2: PAINTED SURFACE physical information space

NORTH TERMINAL PHYSICAL IDENTITY


SITE PLAN circulation marker to station building

circulation marker to kiosks

circulation marker to pedestrian bridge

circulation marker to bus parking

02 interactive information display mixed social space

01 shaded waiting area physical social space

Sw

e

ileh

ity

ers

Jor

d

an

iv Un

o

Sp

l

ina

y

it rt C

No

rt

erm hT

tta

ha

Ma

LINE 1 - PROSPOSED ROUTE


1: INTERACTIVE PROJECTION WALL digital information space

2: PAINTED SURFACE physical information space


1: INTERACTIVE PROJECTION WALL digital information space

4: SHADING/CANOPY physical information space

3: SEATING/GATHERING SPACE mixed information space


INSTALLATION COMPONENTS

ALUCOBOND PANELS

3.5” STEEL POSTS

PAINTED SURFACE


290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

row3

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 1620.3

Bench EB1

Bench EB1

Bench EB1 2131.7

row2

2606.4

row1

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

712.0

row4

473.6

290.0

1665.6

290.0

row1

row1

420.2

Triangulated Twist 001

row5

2530.2

2409.2

2320.1

290.0

Triangulated Twist 001

290.0

row2

420.2

2548.1

2207.6

1779.5

745.6

413.9

Triangulated Twist 002

row2

290.0

290.0

row3

2239.2

1678.3

580.9

401.7

Triangulated Twist 003

EP1

EW1

1736.2

671.7

411.4

Triangulated Twist 004

row4

row3

Triangulated Twist 002

290.0 756.5

290.0

290.0

row4

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0 1682.3

PANEL LAYOUT

Triangulated Twist 004 Triangulated Twist 003 412.7

290.0

2046.8

290.0

732.0

290.0

290.0

Bench EB1

Triangulated Twist 005

row5

422.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

Bench EB1 2606.4

NORTH TERMINAL - PROTOTYPE

Big Wall A Side

290.0

239.4

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

Bench WB2

Bench WB2

Bench WB2

row5

row4

834.4

row3

290.0

Triangulated Twist 013

140.3

3814.2

Bench WB1

Bench WB1

Bench WB1

140.4

2122.1

Bench WB3

Bench WB3

Bench WB3 856.1

1348.2 290.0

290.0

154.2

2122.0

290.0

856.1

1329.6

290.0

290.0

290.0

2120.9 290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0

1309.1

160.8

row2

3121.4

Triangulated Twist 012

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0

174.3

2121.1

333.3

1504.0

290.0

2117.6

429.7

1285.3

1299.3

290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

1436.1

1151.7

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0 290.0

1195.1

614.2

row6

303.3

1367.1

Canopy Drawings

row7 2122.0

384.3

1078.3

1318.9

row8 2122.0

408.5

1389.7

1632.1

1133.7

625.2

645.4 290.0

1537.9 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0

816.8 290.0

290.0

290.0

1368.2

1167.1

row1

598.4

290.0

290.0

290.0

1165.6

Triangulated Twist 007 Triangulated Twist 006

552.2

1383.5

1274.2

row9 2122.5

434.4

1297.7

WT2 WC1 WB1-3

2122.0

369.1

1164.4

1436.1

1336.2

658.5

290.0 1627.1

1177.7

row2

436.9

545.6

290.0

row3

Triangulated Twist 008

913.0

1533.2 290.0

Triangulated Twist 009

290.0

1282.3

row4

1071.3

WP5

WW4

355.3

1404.0

1497.7

1121.4

671.5

290.0

1238.8

290.0

Triangulated Twist 010

290.0

1069.5

row5

630.2

290.0

290.0

Triangulated Twist 011

1595.5

1361.3

1211.7

695.0

290.0

290.0

row7 1163.1

row6

780.6

1421.2

1402.5

290.0

1412.5

row9 533.8

row8

WP4

WW3

290.0

WP3

WW2

290.0

WP2

WW1

290.0

WP1

WT1

290.0

row1

Big Wall B Side

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal

(128mmx295mm) 90mm diameter

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal

(128mmx295mm) 90mm diameter

Alucobond Panel

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

Existing 3â&#x20AC;? Posts

Fasteners

Triangulated Twist 009

290.0

290.0

290.0

Triangulated Twist 008 Triangulated Twist 007

290.0

290.0

1537.9 290.0

row4 row3

1170.3

1447.7

732.0

row6 row5

1157.8

row2

1167.1 290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0

PANEL CONSTRUCTION

Existing 3â&#x20AC;? Posts

824.9

614.2

Triangulated Twist 010 1266.4

1694.3 290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

1240.4 290.0

1342.5

Triangulated Twist 011 1067.3

1549.1

577.2

715.6

1171.5

1240.9

625.2

665.0

1187.9

row7

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0 1547.1

1415.1

1587.2

1003.0

743.7

1163.5

1525.9

290.0

155.3

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0

290.0 2120.9

1285.3

423.4

1256.8

1381.1

873.1

718.4

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0

140.4

290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

3040.9

290.0

Triangulated Twist 012

290.0

Bench WB1

row1

242.6

2121.7

WT1

row8

676.3

1436.5

1649.4

1419.1

WP1

WW1

689.9

1156.8

1383.9

1155.6

325.7

532.7

1210.6

1527.3

1490.0

210.8

2118.4

140.3 290.0

Bench WB1

2118.7

126.3 290.0

1348.2

3733.8

283.9

1302.4

1505.8

1297.7

WP2

WW2

row9

1355.4

1201.4

316.5

2113.8

119.9 290.0

1366.8

877.8

290.0

Bench WB1

98.1

290.3

Bench WB2 Triangulated Twist 013

row3

290.0

Bench WB2

290.0

856.1

Bench WB2

row2

1387.5 290.0

Bench WB3

290.0

row4

290.0

Bench WB3

290.0

Bench WB3

290.0

row5

856.1

1497.7

382.6

2122.0

row6

1404.4

290.0

290.0

290.0

278.2

2122.0

row7

1500.7

290.0

290.0

2122.0

row8 Canopy Drawings

WP3

WW3

259.4

290.0

WP4

290.0

WW4

2119.9

row9

290.0

WP5

WT2 WC1 WB1-3

290.0

row1

290.0

290.0 290.0

290.0

290.0 290.0

row2

row5

EP2

EW2 665.3

402.9

Triangulated Twist 005 419.5

560.6

1768.2

EP3

ET1

421.3

663.6

1889.8

477.3

Bench EB1

ET1

709.5

1780.3

2121.1

2231.4

2412.2

row3

1796.4

290.0

290.0

2531.6

row4

EP3

EW2

2151.7

290.0

EP2

EW1 2552.6

290.0

EP1

row5

Triangulated Twist 006

row1

As an expansion of the project, a full scale mock-up of the design proposal at the North Terminal was tested in Amman, Jordan. It is a collective effort of the studio to document, fabricate and construct the entire pavilion. A series of design development drawing sets were developed along with cooperative design decisions based on reconfiguring the design to meet the physical challenges of the site. As an initial prototype the pavilion was fabricated in fabric to emphasis the form and linearity of the design. After this phase, the fabric will be replaced with aluminum composite panels for the final design.


01

interactive projection walls digital information space

03

exhibition/gathering area mixed social space

02

painted surface - circulation indicator physical information space


PROGRAM AREAS

04

shaded waiting area physical social space


300or as required

A

118

295

140

290 226

3" Pipe

20

100

100

295

70

70

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

Alucobond Panel Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside) 3" Pipe

3" Pipe

Fastener 70

Fastener

10

10 290

290

290

75

290

10 60

290 10

290 Typical Floating Joint Section

3" Pipe

Alucobond Panel

Fastener

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside) Fastener

3" Pipe

10

10

290 226

140

3" Pipe

50 14 50

Fastener

50 20

140

71

10 60

20

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

250

10

Alucobond Panel Bracket

100

Alucobond Panel

Alucobond Panel Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

90

Fastener Alucobond Panel

50 20 10

70

Alucobond Panel A3 scale 1/5 Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

290

250

Joint Detail Plan

290

50 14 50

71

A

600or as required 90

50 14 50

90 100

Fastener

Post to Panel Connection Detail Plan

50 14 50 30

290

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside) 3" Pipe

20

Alucobond Panel 290

Alucobond Panel

A3 scale 1/5

required 10 600or as10 90

Typical Floating Joint Top View

Bracket

Joint Detail Plan

4

90

3" Pipe Fastener

100

75

100

75

20

300or as required

50 20 50

75

or as required 300 118 100 Detail 100 Post to Panel Connection Plan

150

150

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

10

290 226

10

50 50 Typical Floating Joint Top View

50 14 50 30

Alucobond Panel

4

50 14 50

150

150

TYPICAL PANEL ASSEMBLY

100

90

290 226

100

140

50 20 50

100

140

100

140

or as required 300

50

10

50

Fastener Schedule at Post- Anchor-Panel Connection

Post to Panel Connection Detail Section

A-19 Aluminum Panel Section

C

D

Joint Elevation Detail

A3 scale 1/5 Typical Floating Joint Section

A3 scale 1/5

Post Joint Section Detail A3 scale 1/5

Fastener Schedule at Post- Anchor-Panel Connection

Post to Panel Connection Detail Section

A-19 Aluminum Panel Section A3 scale 1/5

C

D

Joint Elevation Detail

A3 scale 1/5

Post Joint Section Detail A3 scale 1/5

TWISTING BAND CONNECTION Alucobond Panel - Band Weld Joint or as required 300 100

Alucobond Panel - Twist

100

300or as required

50 20 50

100

90

100 Alucobond Panel

01

Metal Sheet

10

Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

40 mm

Twist Steel Structure Bracket

3" Pipe 118

Fastener

Post to Panel Connection Detail Plan

40 mm

Alucobond Panel - Band

60 mm

Weld Joint 600or as required 90

Twist Steel Structure Bracket

20

Alucobond Panel - Twist

Alucobond Panel

ide)

3" Pipe Fastener

on Post to Panel Connection Detail Elevation

Twist to Band Panel Connection Detail Solution

A-21

225 mm

295

Metal Sheet Rolled Sheet Metal (90mm diameter inside)

280 mm

B

4 50 14 50

B


CANOPY - DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

HSS 101.6 x 101.6 x 4.8, or as required

Flat Panel Alucobond, 4mm throughout or as required

1866 976 505

HSS 76.2 x 76.2 x 3.2, throughout unless noted otherwise, or as required

1045

2232

825

407

2208

369 1790

1383

900

4296

1718

2676

A

445

1820 297

3757

1878

841

Panel Layout - West Axo A3 scale 1/30

49

29

3797

Embedded TV

A

S1

Structure - Section 1 A3 scale 1/50

Structure - Plan

A3 scale 1/50

2293

HSS 76.2 x 76.2 x 3.2, or as required

3719

872

1421

297

505

A3 scale 1/30

2599

496

3639

505

208

2410

297

Panel Layout - South Axo

416

C

3856

1744

2723

Exisiting 90mm Pipe

Panel Layout - East Axo

B

A3 scale 1/30

S2

Structure - East Elevation A3 scale 1/50

Structure - Section 2 A3 scale 1/50

Transverse Reveal 20mm, throughout

Longitudinal Reveal 10mm, throughout

Flat Panel Alucobond, 4mm throughout or as required

6050 2049

2039

1922 2159

4233

HSS 101.6 x 101.6 x 4.8, or as required

HSS 76.2 x 76.2 x 3.2, or as required

2054

2240

3189

C

123

2094

A

1986 1584

A

Panel Layout - Top View A3 scale 1/50

30

2087

5687

Weld all around

A3 scale 1/50

4mm Alucobond Panel

09

C

Structure - Wireframe West Axo

Fastener, specified by fabricator

Exsiting 90mm Pipe Steel Plate, Thickness 8mm, or as required

134

B

Exsiting 90mm Pipe HSS 76.2 x 76.2 x 3.2, or other support material as specified by fabricator

Flat Panel Alucobond, 4mm throughout or as required

6050 2049

2039

1922

2173

4254

Steel Plate, Thickness 8mm or as required

C

Panel Connection Detail x18

C

A3 scale 1/50

2052 2240

3190

2094

1964 1584

B

Panel Layout - Reflected Ceiling Plan

5675

09

30

B

Structure - West Axo A3 scale 1/50

2087

A3 scale 1/50

Exsiting 90mm Pipe

Welded Joint Detail A3 scale 1/5


BENCH PANEL ASSEMBLY

8988

350

Bench 01

Total number of Panels: 9

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

Panel 01

Panel 02

Panel 03

Panel 04

Panel 05

Panel 06

Panel 07

Panel 08

350

Bench 02

Total number of Panels: 7

988

Panel 09

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

Panel 01

Panel 02

Panel 03

Panel 04

Panel 05

Panel 06

1300

Panel 07

7306

Overall Plan of 3 Benches Numbers of Panel and Dimensions

350

Bench 03

Total number of Panels: 5

1000

1000

1000

1000

680

Panel 01

Panel 02

Panel 03

Panel 04

Panel 05

4681

1000

2000

1000

Bench 01

1000

2000

1000

1000

2000

1000

1000

1000

1000

30mm x 30mm Metal leg with cap attach to ground

988

350

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

1000

Bench 02

500

500

1000

500

500

1000

500

500

1000

500

500

1000

500

488

1000

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

2000

1000

300

Bench 03

500

500

500

300

2000

1000

1000

1000

680

350

1000

500

Overall Plan of 3 Benches Metal Structure System

500

350

350

30mm x 30mm Metal leg in every 2000mm 1000mm Long alucobond Panel

500

500

500

500

500

500

500

680

2000

Typical Metal Welding Metal Structure Welding System Same as East Bench 1


BENCH - DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

Unfold alucobond panels 124

290

290

124

Metal Secondary structure welding 1209

1209

4mm metal plate connect to pipe Folding alucobond 3D diagram NTS

01 119

Overall 3D view with panels

5 36

365

FRONT ELEVATION 30mm metal square tube welding structure system

119

30mm metal square tube welding structure system

500

30

m sq

30m

uare

metal

tube

pipe

500

h r benc

500

320

1146

258

5

ure fo

struct

500

218

tube for folding

50

30mm square metal

Connect to

278

01

FRONT ELEVATION (Without Panels) 30mm metal square tube welding structure system

500

500

500

260

350

30

515

30

13 88

30

2275

1207

Metal Welding Structure

30mm metal square tube welding structure system

4mm thick alucobond panel screwing joint

East Bench 1

Diagram of screw joint with alucobond panel

2546

290

290

1627

1230

365

2279

290

290

2280

334

3D View 01 2281

1204

Plan View without wall panels

RIGHT ELEVATION

3 39

BACK ELEVATION

47 4

2279

1143

342

290

365

2279

243

1882

700

2279

700

288

13 95

2155

1233 334

1146

4mm thick alucobond panel screwing joint

344

3D View 01 60 60 4

2155

30 90

365

Existing 90mm Pipe

LEFT ELEVATION

FRONT ELEVATION

East Bench 1

Plan View

3D View 02


The guiding design principle behind the concept for the new railway station is centered on the idea of establishing legibility through a series of splits and connections. This series of splits and connections epitomizes the critical juncture point that is created here where the railway station and the urban context meet. As a railway station, it is critical that it be readable to the users. A clear parti is created that sets up a dialogue between building and site. The site is fragmented into a series of different components. The layout of this scheme is governed by several splits that dissect the site. The major split comes from the one created by the tracks, running in the north-south direction and the other splits come from four pedestrian pathways, running in the east-west direction. Not only does the site itself epitomize this notion of juncture, but the infrastructure and exterior circulation does so as well. Critical nodal points are created where the four major pedestrian pathways intersect the main roadway in front of the station. These points serve as not only the entrance to the building but the site as well. The plan of the building, also, represents this idea of juncture through programmatic relationships. The bus station and the hotel are separated from each other on either side of the divide created by the tracks and they are linked by the train station which crosses over that divide. The design of the railway station also responds ecologically to the local environment of the city of Córdoba. The roof acts has an environmentally responsive machine. Its intent is to capture the prevailing winds of the site, in order to encourage the use of natural and comfort ventilation. Not only, does the roof provide an ecological function, but it also generates performative architectural possibilities as well.

approaching confluence : estación de Mitre

07


Vehicular Circulation Pedestrian Circulation

SITE ADAPTATION The concept behind this design was derived from the bar parti and the strategies associated with the bar parti. The basic idea is placing two bars, one with the primary transportation services and the other with all the auxiliary services, on top of one another. The manner in which the two bars cross each other relates to the idea of connecting parts of the city together. The idea is to connect the west side (commercial part of the city) with the river/east side (residential side of the city). Four pedestrian paths cross perpendicularly over the site to emphasis a connection with the two sides of the city and combine the Mitre Station with the greater urban fabric of C贸rdoba.

TRAIN STATION

HOTEL

A NETWORK OF SEPARATIONS

BUS STATION


ECOLOGICAL AWARENESS

Hotel Offices Restaurant Commercial Ticketing/Information Mechanical Equipment

PASSIVE COMFORT/LIGHTING STRATEGIES Double Glazing

Natural Daylighting

Passive Cooling

The design of the railway station also responds ecologically to the local environment of the city. The shape of the roof reacts to the prevailing winds on the site in C贸rdoba. Winds primarily come from the northeast, so the roof is adjusted in such a way as to capture the wind and, through small perforations in the roof, allow it to enter the building. The design also incorporates a double skin facade in the main waiting space that crosses the tracks and platforms. This system allows hot air from the trains down below and air from the interior of the station to circulate through the double glazed facade and exit through an opening at the top. The glazing that is to be used is Low-E Glass, which is very good at reflecting and absorbing heat energy. This will keep hot air out and leave cool air in.


SITE PLAN

iver

Suqu铆a R

Juan Domingo Per贸n Boulevard


Nudo Vidal Mitre

ldo

po

Leo es

on

Lug e

enu

Av

N

San MartĂ­n District


Ground Level Plan

Second Level Plan


Basement Level Plan


TRANSVERSE SECTION

WEST ELEVATION


Christos Constantinou | design portfolio | 2013

Profile for Christos Constantinou

Constantinou Design Portfolio  

Constantinou Design Portfolio  

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